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欧州におけるOTC薬の流通動向:2016年版

OTC Distribution in Europe The New Global Agenda - New 2016 Edition

発行 James Dudley International, Ltd. 商品コード 227827
出版日 ページ情報 英文
納期: 即日から翌営業日
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本日の銀行送金レート: 1USD=105.42円で換算しております。
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欧州におけるOTC薬の流通動向:2016年版 OTC Distribution in Europe The New Global Agenda - New 2016 Edition
出版日: 2015年12月01日 ページ情報: 英文
概要

当レポートでは、欧州におけるOTC医薬品の流通動向について調査し、地域に共通するOTC薬流通の主要な変化動向を特定し、大衆薬メーカーのチャネル戦略への影響の分析、および欧州22カ国の国別調査などを提供しています。

第1章 欧州におけるOTC薬の流通:イントロダクション・市場定義・主要課題のサマリー

第2章 欧州の薬局チャネルはグローバル時代に突入

第3章 欧州の医薬品サプライチェーンを支える企業のプロファイル

第4章 欧州のコンシューマーヘルスケア部門における新たなチャネルの成長

第5章 OTC薬の流通:ベルギー

第6章 OTC薬の流通:フランス

第7章 OTC薬の流通:ドイツ

第8章 OTC薬の流通:イタリア

第9章 OTC薬の流通:オランダ

第10章 OTC薬の流通:スペイン

第11章 OTC薬の流通:英国

第12章 OTC薬の流通:オーストリア・スイス

第13章 OTC薬の流通:北欧諸国

第14章 OTC薬の流通:中欧諸国(ポーランド・ハンガリー・チェコ共和国・スロバキア共和国・スロベニア・ブルガリア・ルーマニア・ウクライナ)

第15章 OTC薬の流通:ロシア連邦

第16章 総論:欧州のOTC流通におけるグローバル化の課題への対応

このページに掲載されている内容は最新版と異なる場合があります。詳細はお問い合わせください。

目次

OTC Distribution in Europe - the 2016 edition is an in-depth strategic analysis that defines and explores the main themes of change running through the European region and shows how they will influence consumer healthcare manufacturers' channel strategies. It provides a wealth of knowledge covering 20 European markets together with statistics, analysis and insights into an increasingly complex market from a highly respected strategy consultant, James W. Dudley.

OTC Distribution in Europe covers: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Denmark, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

OTC Distribution in Europe is a study of the factors driving change and presenting challenges and opportunities to manufacturers. It includes analysis and discussion of European and national statutory and regulatory developments; healthcare supply chain economics; evolving formal and informal channel structures; distribution channel competitors' market shares, linkages and groupings.

OTC Distribution in Europe is an exploration of changes in manufacturer, retail customer and shopper needs and the unfolding strategies required by healthcare companies to adapt and lead Europe's self-medication markets.

OTC Distribution in Europe provides insights and understanding of inter-channel rivalries between pharmacy and the mass market operators and the need for retail pharmacy chains or voluntary groups to force the pace of innovation. This is needed to challenge emerging competing channels including supermarkets, mail order pharmacies and the Internet.

OTC Distribution in Europe provides up-to-date statistics, insights, discussion and opinions regarding the historic, present and future challenges and opportunities for the European consumer healthcare market together with consumer insights, market sizes, sales trends and distributor market shares.

'OTC Distribution in Europe - the 2016 edition - the New Global Agenda, is the tenth edition of James W Dudley's highly regarded consultancy study and marks the twentieth fifth year since the project began.

Executive Sumary

A new and rapidly evolving competitive agenda is enveloping the supply networks which serve 473 million people living in 20 European countries with €29 billion worth of consumer health products.

Merger and acquisition activities are globalizing the supply chain and intensifying competitive pressures. Cross border mixed pharmacy chains are reshaping the consumer channel. Powerful retail brands employ digital technologies to drive multi-channel strategies and Internet pharmacies are undermining consumer prices.

Independent pharmacies are forming collectives, affiliated groupings and virtual chains in an attempt to remain competitive. Reducing government payments toward reimbursed prescription drugs and pressures on fees are forcing pharmacies to seek business from non price regulated consumer care ranges. Furthermore, deregulation of the non-prescription healthcare sector is shifting consumer demand to non-pharmacy channels in a number of countries.

OTC Distribution in Europe - the 2016 edition is a long running in-depth study that explores and tracks change. It identifies the driving factors coming into play which will influence the distribution channel environment for the consumer healthcare industry now and in the future. It provides a wealth of knowledge and comprehensive statistics and analysis covering 20 European countries, together with insights into an increasingly complex market sector from a highly respected strategy consultant, James W Dudley.

Among the main findings that will influence supplier strategies are:

  • Global aggregation of purchasing power, technology transfer and marketing synergies from mergers and strategic alliances between major North American and European retail and wholesale pharmacy companies
  • The development of multi-channel retail pharmacy brands driven by cross border retailers
  • Distributor strategies to expand economies of scale to invest in automation and new customer services thus increasing cost efficiencies and maximizing competitiveness
  • Continued reregulation of retail channels and the growth of mail order and cross-border Internet pharmacies
  • The growing importance of mixed estates of retail pharmacy groupings evolving into Europe-wide hybrid chains that overcome national restrictions on pharmacy ownership
  • The growth of affiliated groupings of independent pharmacies to compete in procurement and marketing
  • The development of digital technologies to reach out to multi-channel shoppers
  • Mass market retailers' ambitions to capture a share of the pharmacy market through products licensed for sale in non-pharmacy outlets and the acquisition of pharmacy licenses

These issues together will have a major influence on how manufacturers plan their strategies over the next few years.

Examples of findings of this new 20 country study from James Dudley are:

  • 85% of the consumer health market turnover passes through 145,143 pharmacies, while 15% is accessed through supermarkets, discounters, convenience stores, druggists and Internet and mail order pharmacies
  • 15% of European pharmacies are branches of wholly owned pharmacy multiples many of them international chains
  • One in three European pharmacies is a member of a ‘virtual chain' or affiliated cooperation group of independent pharmacies
  • Internet pharmacies are playing an increasing role in consumers sources and choices of purchases for consumer healthcare and related products and services especially in Germany, the UK and Belgium
  • Nearly half of the intermediary pharmaceutical wholesale market is controlled by a handful of players

"In each new edition of OTC Distribution in Europe we discover new challenges or find old challenges that are changing shape. These will have positive or negative impacts on the business environment. Meeting these challenges and responding with effective plans will be a strategic necessity in the medium term. This means that all the stakeholders in the consumer healthcare sector need to explore the strategic opportunities and threats to find new factors for competitive success.

The aim of this 10th edition of OTC Distribution in Europe is to identify the challenges driving change and to provide thoughts on how to anticipate unfolding threats and seize opportunities"

Table of Contents

Chapter - 1

  • Distribution of OTC Medicines in Europe - Introduction, Market Definitions and Summary of Key Issues
  • Forward to the 2016 Study of the Distribution of OTC Medicines in Europe
  • The Non-prescription OTC Self-Medication Market in Europe in 2015
  • Estimates of the Market Size for OTC Medicines of the 20 European Markets for the OTC Distribution in Europe Study
  • Impact of De-reimbursement of Non-prescription medicines and OTC Self-medication Market Demand in Europe
  • Share of Sales by Market 2015 - Total Pharmaceuticals, OTC Medicines and Semi-Ethical products in Europe
  • Barriers to Growth for the Non-prescription and OTC Self-medication Markets in Europe
  • Growth Categories - Consumer Healthcare and OTC Self-medication in Europe's Main Markets
  • Non-prescription Pharmaceuticals and OTC Self-medication Medicines Country Market Growth - Europe 2010 - 2015
  • Regulatory Controls on Distributing and Merchandising of OTC Medicines in Europe
  • Analysis of Pharmacies in Europe
  • Growth of Number of Retail Pharmacies in Europe
  • Restraints on the Growth of Pharmacy Numbers in Europe
  • Restrictions on Pharmacy Numbers in Europe
  • The Role of the Retail Pharmacies in Europe
  • Economic Pressures on Pharmacies in Europe
  • Self-medication - The Importance of OTC Medicines to Pharmacies in Europe
  • Promoting Consumer Healthcare in Europe - Restrictions on Merchandising of OTC Medicines in Pharmacies in Different European States
  • Price Controls and Resale Price Maintenance of OTC Self-medication Medicines in Europe
  • Analysis of Trends in the Ownership of Pharmacies in Europe
    • European Pharmacies in Wholly Owned Private Retail Chains
    • Location of Pharmacies in Multiples in Europe
  • European Court of Justice Ruling resulting from DocMorris Case Challenging German Ownership of Pharmacies Laws 2009 and its impact on EU Pharmacy Law
  • Pharmacist owned Small Scale Retail Multiples in Europe
  • The Growth of Large Retail Pharmacy Chains in Europe
    • Leading Pharmacy Chains in Europe
  • Growth of Organised of Affiliate Groupings (Virtual chains) of Independent Pharmacies in Europe
    • Why do Independent Pharmacies form into Voluntary Groupings, Virtual Chains and Affiliated Cooperation Groups in Europe?
    • Unbranded Voluntary Pharmacy Groups in Europe
    • Branded Groups of Independent Pharmacies in Europe
    • Strengths and Weaknesses of Voluntary Pharmacy or Collaboration Partner Pharmacy Chains in Europe
    • Pharmacy Franchise Concepts in Europe
  • Mixed Ownership Cross Border Branded Multi-channel Pharmacy Chains in Europe
  • Supermarket Chains - in Pharmacy Retailing in Europe
  • WBA at the Forefront of Multi-channel Pharmacy Retailing in Europe
  • The Global Agenda for Pharmacy Channels in Europe

Chapter - 2

  • Pharmaceutical Distributors New Strategies in Europe
  • Globalisation, Consolidation, Procurement Aggregation, Supply Chain Optimization and Preferred Partner Affiliations
  • Managing Consumer Healthcare within the Pharmaceutical Supply Chain
  • The Role of Wholesalers within the European Pharmaceutical Supply Chain
  • Services offered by European Pharmaceutical Wholesalers
    • The basic offer
    • Marketing and training support
    • Additional support services
    • Financial services
  • Consolidation of the European Pharmaceutical Wholesaling Industry
  • Realignment Strategies of Major European Pharmaceutical Wholesalers
  • The Major Pharmaceutical Wholesalers in Europe
  • Leading European Pharmaceutical Distributors' Market Share by Country
  • Mergers and Acquisitions and Networks of Independent Wholesalers in the European Pharmaceutical Wholesale Industry
  • Role of Major Pharmaceutical Distributors in the Development of Multiple Retail Pharmacy Chains, Mail order and Internet retailing in Europe
  • Conclusions - New Business Models for the European Pharmaceutical Supply Chain - a Response to changing Manufacturer, Pharmacy and Patient Needs

Chapter - 3

  • Profiles of Companies Driving the European Pharmaceutical Supply Chain
  • Celesio Company Profile
  • Celesio - Major Pharmaceutical Distributor and Pharmacy Retailer in Europe
  • Celesio Pharmaceutical Businesses in Europe
  • Celesio's Retail Pharmacy Activities in Europe
    • Lloydspharmacy (Celesio) Average Pharmacy Turnover in Six European Countries
  • United Kingdom - Lloydspharmacy (Celesio) Retail Pharmacy
  • Ireland - Celesio Rebranding Pharmacy Chain
  • Celesio Pharmacies Norway
  • Celesio Pharmacies in Italy
  • Celesio Pharmacies Belgium
  • Celesio Retail Pharmacy Chain Developments in Sweden
  • Celesio and Phoenix Brocacef Merger Holland
  • Celesio Pharmacies Czech Republic
  • Celesio's E-commerce Strategies in Europe - Switch to Multi-channel Shopping
  • Celesio Ends DocMorris Franchise Concept Chain in Germany
  • Celesio Pharmaceutical Wholesaling in Europe - A History of Acquisition
  • Celesio Wholesale Business Developments in Europe
  • Celesio Affiliated Cooperation Groupings of Independent Pharmacies and Franchises in Europe
  • Celesio Wholesaling Operations in Italy
  • Celesio New Business Strategy - Global Healthcare Leader through - Enhanced global sourcing, Innovative technology and Business services and increased Supply Chain Efficiency
    • Celesio Development of European Pharmacy Network
  • Walgreens Boots Alliance (WBA) in Europe
  • Summary of Walgreens Boots Alliance Business
  • Alliance Boots Revenues and profit Streams in Europe
  • WBA Health and Beauty Retail Business in Europe
  • Walgreen Boots Alliance - Boots Pharmacies in Europe
  • Boots the Chemist Health and Beauty Business in the United Kingdom
  • Omni-channel - Boots the Chemist Internet Services in the UK
  • Boots Retail Pharmacy Operations in Europe
  • Boots Norge
  • Boots Republic of Ireland
  • Boots Netherlands
  • WBA's Other Health and Beauty Retail Businesses
  • Alliance Healthcare - The European Pharmaceutical Wholesaling and Distribution Division of Walgreens Boots Alliance
  • Alliance Healthcare Pharmaceutical Wholesaling and Distribution in Europe
  • Alliance Healthcare - Alphega Affiliated Grouping of Independent Pharmacies in Europe
  • Alloga Pre-wholesaling and Contract Logistics in Europe
    • WBA Minority owned Companies and Strategic Partnerships
  • Alliance Healthcare Italia
  • Alliance Healthcare Portugal
  • Guangzhou Pharmaceuticals Corporation - China
  • Unidrug Distribution Group (UDG) - UK
  • Unifarma Distribuzione S.r.I. - Italy
  • Hydra Pharm and Oktal
  • Development of an International Brand of Generic Pharmaceuticals - Almus
  • Liz Earle Beauty Co. Ltd
    • WBA and AmerisourceBergen
  • Phoenix
  • Phoenix Business in Europe
  • Phoenix Group Pharmaceutical Wholesaling and Retailing Growth History
  • Phoenix Wholesale Pharmaceutical Businesses in Europe
  • Phoenix Pre-wholesaling in Europe
  • Phoenix Retail Pharmacy Business in Europe
  • Phoenix - Major Retail Pharmacy Chain Acquisition in the Netherlands
  • Phoenix Acquisition of Sunpharma in Slovakia and Czech Repulic
  • Phoenix Affiliations with Groups of Independent Pharmacies
    • MIDAS
    • Numark
    • Benu Apotheek (Escura Apotheek) in the Netherlands
    • Phoenix renamed its Escura chain Benu in the Netherlands in line with its European retail branding strategy. This is a chain made up of wholly owned stores and independent cooperation partners that can join at different levels of commitment
    • SPEM (Valore Salute) in Italy
  • Phoenix a Business grown through Mergers and Acquisitions
    • CERP Lorraine
  • Phoenix Group - Future Outlook in European Pharmaceutical Distribution
  • Sanastera
  • Summary of Sanastera (Sanacorp - CERP Rouen Merger)
  • Astera CERP Rouen Profile
  • Sanacorp Profile
  • Conclusions Sanantera in Europe

Chapter - 4

  • New Channels for Consumer Healthcare in Europe
  • The Role of the Internet in Retail Pharmacies in Europe - 2016 Report
  • Factors Driving Digital Pharmacy Retailing in Europe
  • Development of Regulations Covering Digital Pharmacy Retailing and e-Commerce in Medicines in Europe
  • The Growth of Internet Pharmacy in Europe
  • Evolution of Digitally Driven New Pharmacy Models in Europe
    • Top ‘Pure play' Pharmacy E-commerce Websites in Europe
  • Full Pharmacy Online Driven Multi-channel Clusters in Europe
    • Para-pharmacy ‘Pure-play Clusters in Europe
    • Para-pharmacy Multi-channel Clusters in Europe
  • The Development of Multi-channel Shopping in the United Kingdom
  • Online ordering for Non-pharmacy Pick-up-Points in Germany and Austria
  • Development of Multi-channel Shopping in Pharmacies the Netherlands
  • Development of Internet Pharmacies (Direct Despatch Pharmacies) in Switzerland
  • Development of Internet Pharmacies in Belgium
  • Mail-order and Internet pharmacies in France
  • Development of Internet Pharmacies in Italy
  • Internet Pharmacies in Poland
  • Development of Multi-channel Pharmacies in Sweden
  • Development of Internet Pharmacies in Denmark
  • Development of Internet Pharmacies Norway
  • Development of Internet Pharmacies in Finland
  • Development of Internet Pharmacies in Austria
  • Development of Internet Pharmacies in Spain
  • Development of Internet Pharmacies in Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia and Slovenia
    • Internet Pharmacies in Bulgaria
    • Internet Pharmacies in Czech Republic
    • Internet Pharmacies Hungary
    • Internet Pharmacies Slovakia
    • Internet Pharmacies Slovenia
  • New Channels and Technologies - Shaping the Future of Pharmacy in Europe

Chapter - 5

  • OTC Distribution in Belgium
  • The Non-prescription and OTC Self-Medication Market in Belgium 2015
  • Share of the Belgian Self-medication Market by Category
  • Changing Structure of the Belgian Self-medication Market
  • Classification of Medicines in Belgium
  • Marketing Authorization for Non-prescription medicines in Belgium
  • Reimbursement of Non-prescription Medicines in Belgium
  • Statutory Control of Prices on OTC Medicines in Belgium
  • Business Environment for Non-prescription medicines in Belgium
  • Regulatory Environment for Pharmaceutical Distribution in Belgium
  • Structure of Distribution Channels for Self-Medication in Belgium
  • Trends in the Retail Pharmacy Numbers in Belgium
  • Retail Pharmacy Groupings in Belgium
  • Groupings of Affiliated Independent Pharmacies - Virtual Pharmacy Chains in Belgium
  • Pharmacy Co-operatives in Belgium
    • Retail Pharmacy Co-operatives' Customer Strategies in Belgium
  • Celesio - Lloyds Retail Pharmacy Chain in Belgium
  • Analysis of Pharmacy Turnover in Belgium
  • Trade Margins and VAT Manufacturer to Retail Pharmacy Price for Prescription and OTC
  • Medicines in Belgium
  • Development of Internet Pharmacies in Belgium
  • Consolidation of the Pharmaceutical Wholesaler Sector in Belgium
    • Febelco
    • Pharma Belgium
    • Belmedis Welcoop
    • CERP SA Astera cooperative group
    • Lifé Pharma
  • Belgian Pharmaceutical Wholesalers' Market Share
  • The Future for OTC Medicine Distribution in Belgium

Chapter - 6

  • OTC Distribution in France
  • The OTC Self-Medication Market in France 2015
  • Share of the French of OTC Medicines and Self-medication Market by Therapeutic Category 2014
  • Classifications of Medicine in the French Prescription and Non-prescription OTC Self-medication Markets
    • Prescription only Medicines in France
    • Non-prescription Bound Medicines in France
    • Legal Definition of Non-prescription Medicines in France
  • Guidelines for Applicants for a Marketing Authorization
    • Non-prescription Combination Products
    • Herbal Medicines
  • Advertising Regulations for Non-prescription and OTC Medicines in France
  • Use of Trademarks for Medicinal Products in France
  • France - Medicinal Products - Price Control, Reimbursement and Statutory Insurance Schemes
  • Pharmacy Ownership Regulations in France
    • Pharmacy Establishment Authorization in France
  • The Pharmaceutical Supply Chain in France
  • The Retail Pharmacy Channel in France
  • Collective Groups of Independent Pharmacies in France
  • Leading Collective Groups of Pharmacies in France
  • Smaller National and Regional Collective Pharmacy Groupings in France
  • Le Collectif National des Groupements de Pharmaciens d'Officine - CNGPO
  • The Reasons for Pharmacy Groupings in France
  • Sources of Business Turnover and Economics of French Pharmacies
  • Pharmacy Prices and Margins of Non-prescription and OTC Medicines in France
  • Growth of Internet Pharmacies in France
  • e-Pharmacy - Development of Multi-channel Offers by Retail Pharmacy Groups in France
  • Pharmaceutical Wholesalers in France
    • Celesio France
    • Alliance Healthcare (Walgreens Boots Alliance) France
    • CERP Network Coopérative d'Exploitation et de Répartition
    • Astera / Sanastera
    • CERP Rhin Rhône Mediterranean
    • CERP Rhin Rhône Mediterranean is a regional pharmacist owned cooperative wholesale group operating from 20 offices between Strasbourg and Cannes
    • The cooperative services 3,856 customers with sales in 2014 of €1,953 million and a national market share of 10.9%
    • CERP Bretagne Atlantique
    • Phoenix France
  • Parapharmacy Distribution Channels for Consumer Healthcare Products in France
    • Leclerc
    • Carrefour
    • Auchan
    • Parashop
    • Soliel Bleau (Cora)
  • Consumer Attitudes towards Self-medication in France
  • France - The Future for OTC Distribution in France to 2019

Chapter - 7

  • OTC Distribution in Germany
  • The Non-prescription Medicines and Self-Medication Market in Germany 2015
  • Share of the German OTC Medicines Market by Category 2015 compared to 2013
  • The German Non-prescription Medicines and Consumer OTC Self-medication Market
  • The Regulatory Environment for OTC Self-medication Consumer Medicines in Germany
  • OTC Self-Medication Definition in Germany
    • Herbals Medicinal Products
    • Homeopathic Medicinal Products
    • Vitamins and minerals
  • Marketing Authorizations for Non-prescription Medicines in Germany
  • The Act on the Restructuring of the Pharmaceutical Market (AMNOG )
  • The Changing Regulatory Environment for the Distribution of Pharmaceutical Products in Germany
  • Prices and Margins of Non-prescription Pharmaceutical Products in Germany
  • Distribution Channels for Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication in Germany
  • The Changing Structure of the Pharmacy Supply Chain in Germany
  • Analysis of Pharmacy Turnover in Germany
  • Trends in German Pharmacies Sources of Revenue 2005 - 2014
  • Consumer Data - Shopper Frequency and Loyalty Influences for Pharmacies in Germany
  • Development of Retail Pharmacy Cooperation Chains of Independent Pharmacies (Apotheken Kooperationen) in Germany
  • Cooperation Groups of Independent Pharmacies in Germany
  • Consumer Awareness of Pharmacy Cooperation Groups in Germany
  • And Independent Branded Pharmacy Affiliations
  • Role of Groupings of Independent Pharmacy - Apotheken Kooperationen Groups in Germany
  • Weaknesses of Virtual Pharmacy Chains in Germany
  • Retail Pharmacy Franchise Concepts in Germany
  • DocMorris - Failed Branded Retail Pharmacy Franchise Concept in Germany
  • Internet and Mail Order Pharmacy Channels in Germany
  • Origins of Mail order and Internet Pharmacy in Germany
  • Sales Turnover in the German Mail Order Pharmacy Sector by Product Group
  • Non-prescription and Consumer Healthcare Sales through Mail Order and Internet Pharmacies in Germany 2015
  • Non-prescription and OTC Healthcare Therapeutic Categories most Purchased through Mail Order and Internet Pharmacies in Germany
  • Mail Order and Internet Pharmacies - Small to Medium sized Businesses in Germany?
  • Leading Mail Order and Internet Pharmacy Brands in Germany
  • Restructuring of the Internet and Mail Order Pharmacy Sector in Germany
  • Major Druggist and Grocery Chains Multi-channel Healthcare Strategies through Partnering Pureplay Mail Order Pharmacies
  • Pharmaceutical Wholesalers Germany
  • Pharmaceutical Wholesalers Germany
  • Pharmaceutical Wholesaler Consolidation in a Changing Business Environment in Germany
  • Profiles of the Five Main Pharmaceutical Wholesalers in Germany
    • Phoenix the leading Pharmaceutical Distributor in Germany
    • Noweda - Rapidly expanding Pharmaceutical Distributor in Germany
    • Gehe (Celesio McKesson) Pharmaceutical Distribution in Germany
    • Sanacorp (Sanastera) Pharmaceutical Distribution in Germany
    • Alliance Healthcare Deutschland (WBA) - Pharmaceutical Distribution in Germany
    • Pharma Privat Pharmaceutical Distribution in Germany
  • Consumer Healthcare OTC Self-medication Medicines through Non-Pharmacy Channels in Germany
    • Drugstores in Germany
    • Independent Drugstores in Germany
    • Multiple Drugstore Retailers in Germany
  • Consumer Uses, Acquisition of Information, Sources Purchase and Attitudes to OTC Selfmedication in Germany
  • The Future for OTC Distribution in Germany

Chapter - 8

  • OTC Distribution in Italy
  • Introduction - The Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication Market in Italy 2015
  • Share of the Italian OTC Self-medication Market by Category 2015
  • Non-prescription and OTC Medicines Source of Purchase by Channel in Italy
  • Classification of Medicines in Italy - Prescription only, Non-prescription and OTC Medicines
  • Non-prescription Status does not automatically mean OTC (farmaco di automedicazion) Status in Italy
  • Definition of Non-prescription OTC Medicines (Medicinale di Automedicazione) in Italy
    • Combination Products
    • Prescription to OTC Switches
    • Herbal Products
    • Dossier
    • Evaluation process
    • Homeopathic Products
    • Vitamins and Minerals
  • Reimbursement of Medicines not requiring a Prescription (non-prescription medicines) in Italy
  • Price Controls - Non-prescription and OTC Self-medication Medicines in Italy
  • Partial Re-reregulation of Retail OTC Medicine Supply through Pharmacy and Nonpharmacy Channels in Italy
  • Self-service Merchandising of OTC Medicines in Italy
  • Third Party and Multiple Ownership of Pharmacies in Italy
    • “Concorrenza” Legislative Decree - New Competition Law in Italy
  • Regulations Covering Wholesaling of Pharmaceuticals in Italy
  • Prices and Margins of Non-prescription Pharmaceuticals in Italy
  • The Importance of Pharmacies in the Retail Distribution of Non-prescription Pharmaceuticals in Italy
  • Growth and Distribution of Retail Pharmacies in Italy
  • Community Pharmacy Density by Region in Italy
  • Retail Pharmacy Chains in Italy
  • Cooperation Groups of Independent Pharmacies in Italy - Virtual Chains
  • Analysis of Pharmacy Turnover in Italy
  • Non-pharmacy Distribution for Consumer Healthcare in Italy
    • Parapharmacy Retail Sales for Consumer Healthcare and in Italy
  • Development of Mail order and Internet Pharmacies in Italy
  • Consumer Uses and Attitudes to OTC Self-medication in Italy
  • Pharmaceutical Wholesalers Italy
    • Phoenix - Comifar Group Italy
    • Alliance Healthcare Italia
    • Feder FARMACO
    • So.Farma.Morra
    • Celesio Italy
  • The Future for OTC Distribution in Italy

Chapter - 9

  • OTC Distribution in the Netherlands
  • The Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-Medication Market in the Netherlands 2015
  • Share of the Dutch OTC Self-medication Market by Category 2010 - 2014
  • Classification of Non-prescription Pharmaceutical Products in the Netherlands -Three-class System includes General Sale List (GSL) and Pharmacy only Medicines
    • The Nivel Report
  • Reimbursement of Non-prescription Medicines in the Netherlands
  • The Netherlands Price Build up of OTC Medicines
  • Distribution Channels for Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-Medication in the Netherlands
  • Druggists - Retailing Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication in the Netherlands
    • Independent Non-pharmacy Drugstores (Druggists) in the Netherlands
    • Druggist Chains in the Netherlands
    • The Leading Druggist Chains in the Netherlands
    • A.S. Watson
    • Etos
    • DIO
    • Op = Op Voordeelshop
    • Uw Eigen Drogist
    • Kalisvaart
    • Visser Drogisterij
  • Druggists a Declining Retail Sector (Druggists) in the Netherlands
  • Self-medication - Private Label Brands of OTC (non-prescription) Medicines Sales through Drugstores in the Netherlands
  • Retail Pharmacies - The Netherlands
    • Mediq Pharmacy Chain (Brocacef) in the Netherlands
    • Brocacef Holdings Benu Pharmacy Chain in the Netherlands
    • Walgreens Boots Alliance in the Netherlands - Boots Pharmacy Chain in the Netherlands
    • Medsen Pharmacy
    • Thio Pharma
    • Zorggroep Almere
  • Affiliation Groups of Independent Pharmacies in the Netherlands
    • Service Apotheken
    • VNA
  • Consumer Health on the Internet - OTC Self-medication - Druggists Web-shops and Internet Pharmacies in the Netherlands
    • Internet Pharmacies in the Netherlands
    • ‘Pure play' Internet Pharmacies in the Netherlands
  • Retail Pharmacy Chains Internet driven Multi-channel Services in the Netherlands
    • Druggists Web-shops in the Netherlands
  • Pharmaceutical Wholesalers in the Netherlands
  • Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication Channel Influences on Consumer Sources of Purchase and Choice of Brand for Self-medication in the Netherlands
  • The Future for OTC Distribution in the Netherlands

Chapter - 10

  • OTC Distribution in Spain
  • Introduction - The Spanish Non-prescription and OTC Medicines Market 2015
  • Share of the Spanish OTC Self-medication Market by Category
  • The Regulatory Environment for Non-prescription and OTC Medicines in Spain
    • Classification of Medicines in Spain
  • Marketing Authorization for Non-prescription and OTC Medicines in Spain
  • Issues affecting the Prescription Sector for Products classified as Non-prescription Medicines in Spain
    • Reimbursement of Medicinal Products not requiring a Prescription in Spain
  • Pricing and Price Controls of Non-prescription and OTC Medicines in Spain
  • Advertising of OTC Medicines in Spain
  • Regulation of Trade Names for Non-prescription and OTC Medicines in Spain
  • The Regulatory Environment for Pharmaceutical Distribution in Spain
  • Structure of Distribution for Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-Medication in Spain
  • Regulatory Controls on the Number of Pharmacies in Spain
  • Growth of Pharmacies in Spain
  • Analysis of Pharmacy Numbers Compared to Population Density by Region in Spain
  • Cooperation Groups of Independent Pharmacies in Spain - Virtual Chains
  • Analysis of Spanish Pharmacy Turnover
    • Pricing and Margins
  • Beginnings of Internet Pharmacy in Spain
    • Internet Pharmacy Shoppers and the Types of Products they Choose in Spain
  • The Development of Internet Pharmacies in Spain
  • Pharmaceutical Wholesalers in Spain
    • The Changing Shape of Intermediary Pharmaceutical Distribution in Spain
    • Leading Pharmaceutical Wholesalers in Spain - Market Shares and Strategies
    • COFARES - Spain
    • Hefame
    • Farmanova
    • Edifa
    • Alliance Healthcare (WBA) - Previously SA Farmacéutica Aragonesia (SAFA)
    • Cecofar
  • Consumer Uses and Attitudes to OTC Self-medication in Spain
  • The Future of OTC Distribution in Spain

Chapter - 11

  • OTC Distribution in the United Kingdom
  • Introduction - Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication Market in the United Kingdom
  • The Self-Medication Market in the United Kingdom 2015
  • Share of the British OTC Self-medication Market by Therapeutic Category 2015
  • The Regulatory Environment for Non-prescription and OTC Medicines in the UK
  • Classifications of Medicines in the United Kingdom
  • Structure of Distribution Channel Systems for Non-prescription Pharmaceuticals and OTC Medicines in the UK
  • The Retail Pharmacy Sector in the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland
    • Role for Pharmacies in the United Kingdom - The Pharmacy Contract
  • Essential Services Provided by Pharmacies in England
  • Advanced Services Provided by Pharmacies in England
    • Medicines Usage Reviews (MURs) and Appliance Usage Reviews (AURs)
    • Stoma Appliance Customisation
  • Consumer Pharmacy Shopping Preferences in the United Kingdom
  • Pharmacy Distribution by Region in the United Kingdom
  • Ownership of Pharmacies in the United Kingdom
    • Independent Pharmacies in the United Kingdom
  • Cooperation Partner Chains of Affiliated Independent Pharmacies in the United Kingdom
    • Numark Phoenix
    • Alphega Alliance Healthcare
    • Other Voluntary Groupings of Pharmacies in the UK
  • Leading Pharmacy Chains in the United Kingdom
    • Boots the Chemist - Walgreens Boots Alliance in the UK
    • Boots the Chemist Multi-channel Development in the United Kingdom
    • Lloydspharmacy (Celesio) in the United Kingdom
    • Lloydspharmacy online in the United Kingdom
    • Bestway Group takeover of Co-operative Group Pharmacy in the United Kingdom
    • L. Rowland (Phoenix) - Retail Pharmacy Chain in the UK
    • The Day Lewis Group
    • The Day Lewis Group
    • Cohens Chemist
  • Supermarket Chains - OTC Self-medication Distribution in the UK
  • Discount Drugstore Chains in the United Kingdom
  • Regional Pharmacy Chains in the United Kingdom
  • e-Commerce and Multi-channel Consumer Access for Pharmaceuticals in the UK
    • Multi-channel Shopping compared to ‘Pure play' online Pharmacy
    • ‘Pure play' Internet Pharmacies and On-line Clinics in the United Kingdom
    • Online Medical Services offered by Major Pharmacy Chains in the United Kingdom
  • Pharmaceutical Wholesaling in the UK
  • Pharmaceutical Wholesaler Strategies in the UK - AAH Pharmaceuticals (Celesio), Alliance Healthcare and Phoenix
    • AAH Pharmaceuticals (Celesio)
    • Enterprise
    • Trident
    • AAH sold off its subsidiary Wilkinson Healthcare
      • Turnover
    • Alliance Healthcare (Walgreens Boots Alliance)
      • Alliance Healthcare
      • OTC Direct
    • Phoenix Healthcare Distribution United Kingdom
  • Conclusion Wholesaler Strategies in the United Kingdom
  • Consumer Uses and Attitudes to OTC Self-medication in the United Kingdom
    • Where British Consumers Get Advice about Treating Minor Ailments
    • Common Ailments Suffered by British Consumers and their Propensity to Self-medicate
  • The Future for the Distribution of Non-prescription and OTC Medicines in the United Kingdom to 2019

Chapter - 12

  • OTC Distribution in Austria & Switzerland
  • Austria
  • The Non-prescription and Self-Medication Market in Austria 2015
  • Share of the Austrian OTC Self-medication Market by Category 2014
  • The Regulatory Environment for OTC (non-prescription) Medicines in Austria
  • Classification of Medicines in Austria
    • Traditional Herbal Medicinal Products
    • Homeopathic products
    • Pharmacy-owned Brands
    • Vitamin and Mineral Products
    • Dietetic Foodstuffs and Food Supplements
    • Medical Devices
    • Cosmetic Products
  • Marketing Authorization of Non-prescription OTC Medicines in Austria
  • Regulations covering the Distribution of Non-prescription OTC Medicines in Austria
  • Regulations covering the Control of Retail Pharmacies in Austria
  • Regulations covering Pricing of Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication in Austria
  • Reimbursement of Medicines in Austria including Non-prescription Pharmaceutical Products
  • Regulations covering the Advertising of OTC (non-prescription) Medicines in Austria
    • Umbrella branding
  • Channels of Distribution for Non-prescription Medicines OTC Self-medication in Austria
    • The Retail Pharmacy Channel for Consumer Healthcare in Austria
    • Analysis of Retail Pharmacy Turnover in Austria
  • Prices and Margins for Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication in Austria
  • Mail Order and Internet Pharmacies in Austria
  • Austrian Consumers Purchasing from Internet Pharmacies
  • The Main Players Internet and Mail Order Pharmacies in Austria
    • Apotheke Österreich
    • Zur Rose
    • Apo-direkt
  • Pharmaceutical Wholesalers in Austria
    • Herba (Celesio)
    • Kwizda
    • Hestag (Phoenix)
    • Jacoby
    • Richter Pharma
  • The Future for OTC Distribution in Austria to 2017
  • Switzerland
  • The Self-Medication Market in Switzerland 2015
  • Share of the Swiss OTC Self-medication Market by Category
  • The Regulatory Environment for OTC Medicines in Switzerland
    • Classification of Medicines in Switzerland
  • Pharmaceutical Product Classifications in Switzerland
  • Marketing Authorisation of OTC Medicines in Switzerland
    • Herbal or Plant based Medicines
    • Homeopathic Medicines
    • Vitamins and minerals
  • Regulations covering the Distribution Non-prescription Medicines OTC Self-medication in Switzerland
  • Regulations covering Retail Pharmacy or Drugstore Ownership in Switzerland
  • Pricing of Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication in Switzerland
  • Regulations covering the Advertising of OTC (non-prescription) Medicines in Switzerland
  • Regulations covering the Use of Trademarks of OTC (non-prescription) Medicines in Switzerland
  • Pharmacies, Druggists and Dispensing Doctors - In Swiss Healthcare Provision
  • Channels of Distribution for OTC Self-medication in Switzerland
  • Distribution of Pharmacies in Switzerland by Region and Canton
  • Structure of the Retail Pharmacy Channel in Switzerland
  • Growth of Wholly Owned Pharmacy Chains in Switzerland
    • Galenica - Pharmacy Chains Switzerland
    • BENU Pharmacy
    • Dr Bähler
    • Topwell Group
    • Other Pharmacy Chains in Switzerland
  • Affiliated Independent Pharmacy Cooperation Groups in Switzerland
  • Sources of Pharmacy Turnover Switzerland
  • Prices and Margins of OTC Medicines in Switzerland
  • Mail Order and Internet Pharmacies in Switzerland
    • MediService - The Model Swiss Distance Pharmacy Concept
    • Zur Rose Versandapotheke - Swiss Distance Pharmacy
    • Pharmadirect
    • Pharmapool
    • xtrpharm Versandapotheke
  • Development of Multi-channel Pharmacy in Switzerland
    • Galenica - Sun Store and Amavita Multi-channel Pharmacy Chains Switzerland
  • Distribution of OTC (non-prescription) Medicines through Druggists in Switzerland
  • Swiss Pharmaceutical Wholesalers
    • Galexis and Unione
    • Amedis-UE
    • Voigt
    • Pharma Focus
    • Apotheke zur Rose
  • The Future for OTC Distribution in Switzerland

Chapter - 13

  • OTC Distribution in the Nordic Region
  • Sweden, Denmark, Finland and Norway
  • Sweden
  • The Non-prescription and Self-Medication Market in Sweden 2015
  • General Sale List of Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication for non Pharmacy Channels in Sweden
  • Share of the Swedish OTC Self-medication Market by Category
  • The Regulatory Environment for Non-prescription Medicines in Sweden
  • Classification of Medicines in Sweden
  • Marketing Authorisation of Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication in Sweden
  • Regulations covering the Distribution of OTC Medicines in Sweden
  • Pricing of Prescription and Non-prescription OTC Medicines in Sweden
  • Reimbursement of Non-prescription Medicines in Sweden
  • Advertising Regulations for Non-prescription and OTC Self-medication Medicines in Sweden
  • Use of Trademarks for OTC Self-medication Medicines in Sweden
  • Distribution Channels for Non-prescription OTC Self-medication Medicines in Sweden
  • Growth in the Number of Pharmacies in Sweden 2009 - 2015
  • Background to Re-regulation of Pharmacy Distribution Channels in Sweden
  • Consolidation and Growth of Retail Pharmacy Chains in Sweden
  • Swedish Pharmacies - Analysis of Pharmacy Turnover
  • Sweden - Pharmacy Shoppers - Frequency of Visits
  • Profiles of Pharmacy Chains in Sweden
    • Apoteket AB
    • ICA Gruppen
    • Oriola-KD, Kronans Apotek and Medstop
    • Lloydsapotek - Celesio Retail Pharmacy in Sweden
    • Apoteksgruppen
  • Self-service of OTC Medicines in Swedish Pharmacies
  • Mail order and Internet Pharmacies in Sweden
  • Sweden's Pharmacy Chains adoption of Multichannel Strategies in 2014
    • ‘Pure play Internet Pharmacies in Sweden
  • Changing Structure of Pharmaceutical Wholesalers in Sweden
    • Tamro Phoenix
    • Oriola-AB
    • Apoteket AB
  • The Future for OTC Distribution in Sweden to 2017
  • Denmark
  • The Danish Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication Market 2015
  • The Regulatory Environment for OTC Self Medication Medicines in Denmark
  • Classification of Medicines in Denmark
  • Authorization of OTC Self-medication Medicines in Denmark
    • Herbal Medicines
    • Combination Products
    • Patient Information Leaflets
  • Regulations for the Distribution of Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication Consumer Medicines in Denmark
  • Regulations for the Distribution of Pharmacy Only Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication Consumer Medicines in Denmark
  • Pricing Regulations for OTC Medicines in Denmark
  • Advertising Regulations for OTC Self-medication Consumer Medicines in Denmark
    • Rules Applying to TV Advertising of OTC Medicines in Denmark
    • Rules Applying to Radio Advertising of OTC Medicines in Denmark
    • Rules Applying to Print Advertising of OTC Medicines in Denmark
  • Rules Covering Use of Trademarks for Pharmaceuticals in Denmark
  • The Retail Distribution Channels for Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication Consumer Medicines in Denmark
  • Sources of Pharmacy Income in Denmark
  • Virtual Pharmacy Chains in Denmark
  • Distance Selling through Mail order and Internet Pharmacies in Denmark
  • Pharmaceutical Wholesalers in Denmark
  • The Future for OTC Distribution in Denmark
  • Finland
  • The Non-prescription and OTC Self-Medication Market in Finland
  • Share of the Finnish Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication Market by Category
    • Category 2012-2014
  • The Regulatory Environment for OTC Medicines in Finland
  • Classification of Medicines in Finland
    • Herbal Products
    • Homeopathic Products
    • Vitamins and Minerals
    • Combination Products
  • Marketing Authorization for OTC Medicines in Finland
    • Combination products
    • Traditional Herbal Products
    • Homeopathic and Anthroposophical Medicinal Products
  • Regulations for the Distribution of OTC Medicines in Finland
  • Regulations on Pharmacy Ownership in Finland
  • Pricing Regulations for OTC Medicines in Finland
  • Advertising Regulations for OTC Self-medication Medicines in Finland
  • Trade Margins / VAT for OTC Medicines in Finland
  • Use of Trademarks for OTC Self-medication Consumer Medicines in Finland
  • The Distribution Environment for Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication Consumer Medicines in Finland
  • Pharmacies in Finland
    • Retail Pharmacy Chains in Finland
  • Sources of Pharmacy Sales Turnover in Finland
  • Mail Order and Internet Pharmacies in Finland
  • The Pharmaceutical Wholesalers in Finland
  • The Future for OTC Distribution in Finland
  • Norway
  • The Norwegian Non-prescription and OTC Self-medication Consumer Market 2015
  • Sales Split of the Main OTC Self-medication Consumer Medicine Categories in Norway
  • The Regulatory Environment for OTC Medicines in Norway
  • Classification of Medicines in Norway
  • Marketing Authorization of OTC Medicines in Norway
    • Combination products
    • Herbal Medicines
    • Homeopathic Medicines
    • Vitamins and Minerals
  • Regulations for the Distribution of OTC Medicines in Norway
  • Deregulation to allow Retail Pharmacy Chains in Norway
  • Pricing Regulations for Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication in Norway
  • Advertising Regulations for OTC Medicines in Norway
  • Trade Margins and VAT for OTC Medicines in Norway
  • Rules Covering Use of Trademarks for Pharmaceuticals in Norway
  • Channels of Distribution for Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication in Norway
  • Pharmacy and Non-pharmacy Outlets for Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Selfmedication in Norway
  • Development Retail Pharmacies in Norway
    • Ditt Apotheke Collaboration Partner Pharmacy Grouping
  • Norwegian Pharmacies Sources of Income
  • Grocery Distribution and other Non-pharmacy Retail Channels Distributing Nonprescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication in Norway
    • History of Non-pharmacy Retail Distribution of General Sale List (GSL) OTC Medicines in Norway
  • Self-medication - Distance Selling through Mail order and Internet Pharmacies in Norway
  • Pharmaceutical Wholesalers in Norway
    • Norsk Medisinaldepot AS (NMD) Celesio
    • Apokjeden Tamro
    • Alliance Healthcare (previously Holtung)
  • The Future for OTC Distribution in Norway

Chapter - 14

  • OTC Distribution in Central Europe
  • Poland, Hungary, Czech Republic, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Bulgaria, and RomaniaThe Market for Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication in Central and Eastern Europe Poland
  • The Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication Market in Poland 2015
  • Share of the Polish Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication Market by Therapeutic Category 2014
  • Non-pharmacy and Mass Market Channels for Non-prescription OTC Medicines and Supplements in Poland
  • The Regulatory Environment for Non-prescription and OTC Self-medication Medicines in Poland
  • Classification of Medicines in Poland
  • Marketing Authorization for Non-prescription and OTC Medicines in Poland
  • Pharmacy and Non-pharmacy Retail Channels for Non-prescription and OTC Medicines in Poland
  • Laws on Pharmacy Ownership in Poland
    • Self-Service
    • Regulations Covering Internet and Mail Order Pharmacies in Poland
  • Controls on Pricing and Margins of OTC Medicines in Poland
  • Advertising and Promotion of OTC Medicines in Poland
  • The Marketing Environment for Non-prescription OTC Self-medication Medicines in Poland
  • The Retail Pharmacy Channels for OTC Self-medication in Poland
  • Analysis of Retail Pharmacy Turnover in Poland
  • The Number of Pharmacies in Poland
  • Growth of Retail Pharmacy Networks in Poland
  • Doz SA Pharmacy Chain Dbam o Zdrowie
  • Pharmacy Chain Dr. Max (Penta)
  • Pharmacy Chain Euro Apeteka
  • Retail Pharmacy Developments by Supermarket Chains in Poland
  • Affiliated Pharmacy Chains, Franchised Outlets and Wholesaler Marketing Concepts in Poland
    • Voluntary Groups and Cooperation Partner Pharmacy Chains in Poland
    • Franchise Pharmacies in Poland
  • Mail Order and Internet Pharmacies targeting Patients and OTC Self-medication Consumers in Poland
  • Growth of ‘Pure play' Online Pharmacies in Poland
    • Cefarm 24
  • Multi-channel Shopping Development among Major Retail Pharmacy Chains in Poland
    • Online Shopping Portals
  • Main Pharmaceutical Wholesalers Supplying Pharmacies in Poland
  • Role of Pharmaceutical Wholesalers in Poland
  • Main Pharmaceutical Wholesalers Supplying Pharmacies in Poland
    • Neuca (Torfarm) the Leading Pharmaceutical Wholesaler in Poland
    • Farmacol - Pharmaceutical Wholesaler in Poland
    • Polska Grupa Farmaceutyczna S.A
    • OPDF SA - Organization of Polish Pharmaceutical Distributors
    • CEFARM Pharmaceutical SA
    • CEFARM Pharmaceutical SA
  • The Future for OTC Distribution in Poland
  • Hungary
  • The OTC Self-Medication Market in Hungary 2015
  • Share of the Hungarian OTC Self-medication Market by Category
  • The Regulatory Environment for OTC Self-medication Medicines in Hungary
  • Medicines' Classification in Hungary
  • Marketing Authorization of Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication in Hungary
  • Regulations for Distribution of Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication in Hungary
  • Pricing of Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication in Hungary
    • Non-Reimbursed Medicines
  • Resale Price Maintenance Pharmaceutical Products in Hungary
  • Regulations on Advertising OTC Medicines in Hungary
  • Trade Margins / VAT on Pharmacy Medicines in Hungary
  • Umbrella Branding for OTC Medicines in Hungary
  • New Rules Regarding Pharmacy Ownership in Hungary
    • Geographic Restrictions on Pharmacy Numbers in Hungary
  • The Distribution Channels for Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication in Hungary
  • Retail Pharmacies - in Hungary
  • Pharmacy Turnover by Category
  • Development of Retail Pharmacy Chains in Hungary
  • Top Retail Pharmacy Chains in Hungary
    • Benue - Phoenix Hungary
    • Alma Patika
    • Pingvin Patika
    • Csillag Patikák
  • Cooperation Groupings of Affiliated Independent Pharmacies
  • Internet Pharmacies Hungary
  • Multi-channel Pharmacy Developments in Hungary
  • Non-pharmacy Channels - General Sales List (GSL) for OTC Self-medication Medicines in Hungary
  • Pharmaceutical Wholesalers in Hungary
    • Humantrade (Teva)
    • Phoenix Wholesaling in Hungary
    • Hungaropharma - Pharmaceutical Wholesaler in Hungary
    • Humantrade
  • The Future for OTC Distribution in Hungary
  • Czech Republic
  • The OTC Self-Medication Market in the Czech Republic 2015
  • Share of the Czech OTC Self-medication Market by Category 2014
  • The Regulatory Environment for Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication in the Czech Republic
  • Medicine Classifications in the Czech Republic
  • Marketing Authorisation of Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication in the Czech Republic
  • Regulations Governing Marketing and Distribution Channels for OTC Medicines in the Czech Republic
    • Permitted Retail Channels for OTC (non-prescription) Self-medication Medicines in the Czech Republic
  • Pharmacy Ownership and Self-service Regulations for Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication in the Czech Republic
  • Pricing of Non-Reimbursable Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication in the Czech Republic
  • Regulations on Advertising Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication in the Czech Republic
  • Controls on Advertising of Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication in the Czech Republic
  • Umbrella Branding for Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication in the Czech Republic
  • The Distribution Environment for Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication in the Czech Republic
  • Growth of Pharmacies in the Czech Republic
  • Pharmacy Turnover and Sales Mix in the Czech Republic
  • Pharmacy Density by Region in the Czech Republic
  • Pharmacy Ownership in the Czech Republic
  • Leading Pharmacy Chains in the Czech Republic
    • Lekarna Dev*tsil
    • Dr Max (Penta)
    • Benu (Phoenix )
    • Lekarna IPC
    • Lekarna Dev*tsil
  • Groups of Affiliated Independent Pharmacies or Virtual Pharmacy Chains in Czech Republic
    • Moje Lekarna
    • Alphega (Alliance Healthcare
    • Piluka/CoPharm
  • Non-pharmacy Distribution in Czech Republic
  • Internet Pharmacies and Distance Selling of Pharmaceuticals in the Czech Republic
    • Lekarna.cz
    • Docsimon (Dr Max)
  • Collaboration and Multi-channel Retail Pharmacy Models
    • Dr Max Multi-channel Development In the Czech Republic
    • Pilulka.cz - CoPharm and Topfarm Collaboration Model
    • Moje Lekarna (My pharmacy)
  • Pharmaceutical Wholesalers in the Czech Republic
    • Phoenix Lékárenský Wholesale in Czech Republic
    • Pharmos - •eská lékárnická
    • Via Pharma (Penta)
    • Alliance Healthcare Czech (WBA)
  • The Future for OTC Distribution in Czech Republic
  • Slovak Republic
  • The Non-prescription and Self-Medication Market in the Slovak Republic
  • Share of the Slovakian OTC Self-medication Market by Category
  • The Regulatory Environment for OTC Medicines in the Slovak Republic
  • Medicinal Classifications in the Slovak Republic
  • Marketing Authorization of OTC Medicines in the Slovak Republic
  • Regulations on the Distribution of OTC Medicines in the Slovak Republic
  • Pricing Regulations for OTC Medicines in the Slovak Republic
  • Rules on Advertising OTC Medicines in the Slovak Republic
    • Advertising Controls on OTC Medicines in the Slovak Republic
  • Patient Information Requirements for OTC Medicines in Slovak Republic
  • Trade Margins for Non Prescription and Prescription Medicines in Slovak Republic
  • Use of Trade Marks for OTC Medicines in Slovak Republic
  • The Distribution Channels for Non-prescription and OTC Self-medication Medicines - Slovak Republic
  • Retail Pharmacies and Pharmacy Chains in Slovak Republic
  • Pharmacy Turnover and Sales Mix in the Slovak Republic
  • Pharmacy Ownership Segments in Slovakia
  • Pharmacy Chains in the Slovak Republic
    • Dr Max (Penta)
    • Farmakol
    • Schneider
    • Sunpharma (Phoenix)
    • Other Retail Pharmacy Chains in the Slovak Republic
  • Collaboration Partnerships and Affiliated Marketing Groups of Independent Pharmacies - Virtual Retail Pharmacy Chains in Slovakia
    • Top Pharma
    • Druzstvo Lekární
  • Mail order and Internet Pharmacy in Slovak Republic
  • Multi-channel Developments in Retail Pharmacy in Slovakia
  • Pharmaceutical Wholesalers in Slovakia
    • Phoenix Medical Supply
    • Unifarma Prievidza
    • Med-Art
    • Pharmos
  • The Future for OTC Distribution in the Slovak Republic
  • Slovenia
  • The Self-Medication Market in Slovenia 2015
  • Share of the Slovenia OTC Self-medication Market by Category 2014
  • The Regulatory Environment for Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication in Slovenia
  • Classification of Medicines in Slovenia
  • Authorization of Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication in Slovenia
  • Regulations on the Distribution of OTC Medicines in Slovenia
  • Pricing Controls on Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication in Slovenia
  • Rules on Advertising Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication in Slovenia
  • Patient Information Requirements for OTC Medicines in Slovenia
  • Trade Margins / VAT for OTC Medicines in Slovenia
  • Use of Trade Marks for OTC Medicines in Slovenia
  • The Distribution Channels for Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication in Slovenia
  • Average Pharmacy Turnover in Slovenia
  • Mail order and Internet Pharmacy in Slovenia
  • Pharmaceutical Wholesalers in Slovenia
  • The Future for OTC Distribution in Slovenia
  • Bulgaria
  • The Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication Market in Bulgaria 2015
  • Share of the Bulgarian OTC Self-medication Market by Therapeutic Category
  • The Regulatory Environment for OTC Self-medication Medicines in Bulgaria
  • Classification of Medicines in Bulgaria
  • Marketing Authorization of Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication in Bulgaria
  • New Regulations for Distribution of Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication in Bulgaria
  • Regulations covering Pricing of Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication in Bulgaria
  • Regulations on Advertising OTC Medicines in Bulgaria
  • Trade Margins / VAT on Pharmacy Medicines in Bulgaria
  • The Distribution Channels for Consumer Healthcare and OTC Self-medication in Bulgaria
  • Retail Pharmacies - Developments in Bulgaria
  • Analysis of Pharmacy Turnover in Bulgaria
  • Mail Order and Internet Pharmacy in Bulgaria
  • Pharmaceutical Wholesalers in Bulgaria
    • FarmNet
    • Sopharma Trading
    • Libra SA (Phoenix)
    • Sting
  • The Future for OTC Distribution in Bulgaria
  • Romania
  • The Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication Market in Romania 2015
  • Share of the Romanian OTC Self-medication Market by Therapeutic Category 2014
  • The Regulatory Environment for OTC Self-medication Medicines in Romania
  • Classification of Medicines in Romania
  • Marketing Authorization of Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication in Romania
  • Regulations for Distribution of Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication in Romania
  • Pharmacy Ownership Rules in Romania
  • Regulations covering Pharmacy Numbers in Romania
  • Regulations covering Pricing of Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication in Romania
  • Margins / VAT on Pharmacy Medicines on Prescription Medicines in Romania
  • Regulations on Advertising OTC Medicines in Romania
  • Umbrella branding
  • The Distribution Channels for Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication in Romania
  • Retail Pharmacies - Developments in Romania 2015
  • Pharmacy Turnover in Romania
  • Pharmacy Chains in Romania
    • Catena
    • Sensiblu
    • Farmaciile Dona
    • Help Net
    • Farmaciile Ropharma
  • Mail Order and Internet Pharmacy in Romania
  • Pharmaceutical Distributors in Romania
  • Pharmaceutical Distributors Investments in Pharmacy Chains in Romania
  • Profiles of the Leading Pharmaceutical Distributors in Romania
    • Mediplus - Leading Pharmacy Wholesale Distributor in Romania
    • Farmexpert (WBA)
    • Fildas Trading
    • Farmexim
    • Polisano
  • The Future of OTC Distribution in Romania

Chapter - 15

  • Conclusions of the Report
  • Challenges of the New Global Agenda - OTC Distribution in Europe
  • The Need for New Factors for Competive Success for the Distribution Channels for Nonprescription
  • Medicines and Associated Products in Europe
  • Growth for the European Non-prescription Medicines Market to 2019
  • Growth Clusters - European Non-prescription and OTC Self-medication Market
  • Summary of the Main Factors driving Change in the Channels of Distribution Supplying Europe's Non-prescription, Self-medication and Self-care Markets to 2019
  • Impact of Walgreens acquisition of Alliance Boots after a period of Strategic partnership and McKessons acquisition of Celesio on Europe's Pharmacy Channels
  • Changing Wholesaler Strategies in Response to the Downward Pressure on Margins
  • Responses to Downward Pressures on Pharmacy Margins and Fees for Price Regulated Products and Services
  • Reshaping of the Multi-hub Pharmaceutical Supply Chain into a Single Logistics System
  • Growing Movement of Independent Pharmacy Owners to become affiliated to Voluntary and Cooperation Partner Groupings
  • Expanding the Size and Geography of Mixed Ownership Retail Pharmacy Chains through the Creation of Hybrid Groupings
  • Development of Internet and Mail order and Multi-channel Pharmacy in Europe
  • What is Multi-channel Pharmacy?
  • Strategies of the Major Mass Market Chains to gain a Share of the Consumer Healthcare sector
  • The Changing Consumer Healthcare Market - Estimating the Speed of Change by Exploring Regulatory Freedoms in Europe's Main Markets for OTC Self-medication Medicines
  • Main European States Ranked by Marketing Freedoms for OTC Medicines
  • Main European States Ranked by Pharmacy Regulatory Freedoms
  • Main European States OTC Medicines Markets Ranked by Total Regulatory Freedoms
  • Conclusions - Meeting the Global Challenge in the European Consumer Healthcare Market
  • Lessons learned over the 25 years and ten editions of this Study

Table of Figures

Chapter - 1

  • Distribution of OTC Medicines in Europe - Introduction, Market Definitions and Summary of Key Issues
    • Figure 1: Europe - 20 Country Study Value of the Personal Care Market 2015
    • Figure 2: Europe 20 Country Study - Total Non-prescription and OTC Self-medication Market - €Millions at Consumer Prices 2010 - 2015
    • Figure 3: The European Non-prescription Medicines Market Year on Year % Growth 2008 - 2015 (20 Country Study)
    • Figure 4: Europe - Year on Year Sales Gains and Losses - OTC self-medication Sales compared to Semi-ethical Prescriptions 2010 - 2015
    • Figure 5: Analysis of Indexed Value Sales of Non-prescription Medicines following Major Dereimbursement in Germany 2004 - Germany Compared to France 2003 to 2015
    • Figure 6: Non-prescription Medicines % € Share Europe by Country Total Retail Pharmaceutical, Non-prescription and OTC Self-medication Markets 2015 est
    • Figure 7: Country % € Share of Non-prescription Medicines' taken by Prescription Sales
    • Figure 8: Growth Comparisons by Region of the European Self-Medication Market
    • Figure 9: OTC Self-medication Market - 20 European Countries % Share by Therapeutic Category
    • Figure 10: Growth of the European Self-Medication Market by Therapeutic Category
    • Figure 11: Europe's Main Non-prescription and OTC Medicines Markets Total Nonprescription and OTC Self-medication Business % € Growth 2010 - 2015
    • Figure 12: Europe % Share of Consumer OTC Self-Medication Purchases by Value through Non-pharmacy Channels 2015 (20 Country Study)
    • Figure 13: Europe - Number of Pharmacies by Country and Population served per Pharmacy 2015 (20 Country Study)
    • Figure 14: Growth in Retail Pharmacy Numbers by European State 2006 - 2015
    • Figure 15: Controls on Pharmacy Expansion in Europe by Country
    • Figure 16: European Pharmacies - Average Pharmacy Turnover by Business Sector 2015
    • Figure 17: Freedoms on Merchandising and Self-selection for OTC Medicines in Pharmacies by European State
    • Figure 18: European Pharmacies by Ownership Classification 2015
    • Figure 19: Retail Pharmacies in Private and Public Chains in 20 Countries in Europe - 2015
    • Figure 20: Europe % Pharmacies in Wholly Owned Private Chains by Country 2015
    • Figure 21: 20 Key Markets - Location of Wholly Owned Chain Pharmacies by State in Europe 2015
    • Figure 22: Ownership Regulations for Pharmacies in Europe as at October 2015
    • Figure 23: Europe's Leading Retail Pharmacy Chains 2015
    • Figure 24: % of Pharmacies in Virtual Retail Pharmacy Chains - Main European Markets 2015
    • Figure 25: Growth of Pharmacies in Main Supermarket Groups in the UK 2006 - 2015
    • Figure 26: WBA European Retail Pharmacy Portfolio % Share of Revenue by State
    • Figure 27: Celesio European Retail Pharmacy Portfolio % Share of Revenue by State
    • Figure 28: Phoenix European Retail Pharmacy Portfolio % Share of Revenue by State

Chapter - 2

  • Pharmaceutical Distributors New Strategies in Europe
    • Figure 1: Pharmaceutical Supply Chain in Europe
    • Figure 2: Summary of Services Provided by Pharmaceutical Wholesalers
    • Figure 3: Market Shares of Top 4 Pharmaceutical Distributors by Country in Europe 2015
    • Figure 4: Pharmaceutical Wholesaler Strategies in Europe
    • Figure 5: % Intermediary Market Share of Leading International Pharmaceutical Distributors in Europe based on Wholesale/Logistics Turnover 2014/15 - 20 Country European Market Study
    • Figure 6: International European Pharmaceutical Distributor Groups' Turnover 2014/2015 (est. € millions)
    • Figure 7: Major Pharmaceutical Wholesaler's' and Channel Managers' National and Consolidated % Intermediary Market Share 2014/15 - 20 European Market Study
    • Figure 8: Leading International Pharmaceutical Wholesalers Rank Position by Country Market 2015
    • Figure 9: Estimated - % Split of European Pharmaceutical Distributors' Turnover between Wholesaling/Logistics and Retail Pharmacy Sales 2014/15

Chapter - 3

  • Profiles of Companies Driving the European Pharmaceutical Supply Chain Figure 1: Celesio Consolidated Sales & Profits (€000) 2011 - 2014
    • Figure 2: Celesio Group Turnover by Country and Main Activity - (€ Millions) 2014
    • Figure 3: Celesio European Retail Pharmacy Estate Development December 2003 to December 2014
    • Figure 4: Celesio - European Retail Pharmacy Turnover 2014 compared to 2012 - Revenue Analysis €millions
    • Figure 5: Lloydspharmacy (Celesio)European Average Turnover per Pharmacy by Country - 2014 compared to 2012 €millions
    • Figure 6: Celesio's Market Share by European Pharmaceutical Wholesale Market 2015
    • Figure 7: WBA - Wholly Owned Boots Pharmacies in Europe by Country 2015
    • Figure 8: Alliance Boots Summary of Sales and Trading Profit - 31st March 2014 compared to 31st March 2013
    • Figure 9: Alliance Boots % Growth Sales and Trading Profit - 31st March 2014 compared to 31st March 2013
    • Figure 10: Boots Retail Pharmacy Sales by Country - 31st March 2014
    • Figure 11: Alliance Boots European Retail Pharmacy Estate 2015 compared to 2006
    • Figure 12: Boots Health and Beauty Retail Business in the United Kingdom 31st March 2014
    • Figure 13: Average Store Turnover year ending 31st March 2014 €millions
    • Figure 14: Alliance Healthcare Revenue by Country 31st March 2014
    • Figure 15: Alliance Healthcare Estimated Positional Market Ranking - Intermediary Pharmaceutical Market by European Country 2015
    • Figure 16: Phoenix Summary of Profit and Loss 2013 to 2015
    • Figure 17: Phoenix - Revenue Analysis by Geographic Region and Retail and Wholesale Businesses 2014/2015
    • Figure 18: Phoenix Share of Company Wholesaling and Logistics Turnover by Operational Area 2014/15
    • Figure 19: Phoenix Pharmaceutical Wholesaling Market Shares - Europe -% € Share 2015
    • Figure 20: Phoenix Share of Company Retail Pharmacy Turnover by Operational Area 2014/15
    • Figure 21: Phoenix Retail Pharmacies by Brand and Country - Europe 2015
    • Figure 22: Phoenix Cooperation Partner and Concept Groupings of Participating Pharmacies 2015
    • Figure 23: Shareholding, Corporate Structure and Operating Companies - Sanastera
    • Figure 24: Sanastera - Sales and Profits by Country Year ending 31.12.2014
    • Figure 25: Sanastera % Share of Turnover by Country 31.12.2014

Chapter - 4

  • New Channels for Consumer Healthcare in Europe
    • Figure 1: Non-prescription and Prescription only Medicines Status for Mail Order and Internet Pharmacy in European Countries under Study
    • Figure 2: Digital Pharmacy Clusters as a result of Regulatory Restrictions and Pharmacy Grouping Influences on Distance Marketing of Pharmaceutical Products
    • Figure 3: Germany - Value Share of Category Sales Mail Order and Digital Pharmacy compared to Traditional Retail Pharmacy
    • Figure 4: Leading ‘Pure play' Mail Order and Internet Pharmacies in Europe - based on estimated euro Turnover for 2014
    • Figure 5: Relative Market Shares of the Online UK Health and Beauty Market by Retail Destination

Chapter - 5

  • OTC Distribution in Belgium
    • Figure 1: Belgium Total Self-medication Market 2010 - 2015 est
    • Figure 2: Belgium - Self-Medication Market Category Share
    • Figure 3: Leading OTC Self-medication Brands in Belgium
    • Figure 4: Europe's Top 5 per Capita Consumption OTC Self-medication Markets -Average OTC €Purchases Per Inhabitant 2015
    • Figure 5: Outline Structure of OTC Pharmaceutical Distribution in Belgium
    • Figure 6: Pharmacy Development Belgium 1997 - 2014
    • Figure 7: Ownership of Pharmacies - Belgium 2015
    • Figure 8: Leading Cooperative Retail Pharmacy Groups - Belgium by Number of Pharmacies 2006 Compared to 2015
    • Figure 9: Belgium - Average % Share of Pharmacy Turnover by Category
    • Figure 10: Belgium - Price Build Up Non-prescription Medicines in Pharmacies
    • Figure 11: Lifé Pharma Intermediary Pharmaceutical Market Share 2008 - 2014/15
    • Figure 12: Belgium - Leading Pharmaceutical Wholesalers' Market Shares 2008 - 2014/15
    • Figure 13: Belgium Sales Forecast Non-prescription Medicines to 2019

Chapter - 6

  • OTC Distribution in France
    • Figure 1: Belgium Total Self-medication Market 2010 - 2015 est
    • Figure 2: Belgium - Self-Medication Market Category Share
    • Figure 3: Leading OTC Self-medication Brands in Belgium
    • Figure 4: Europe's Top 5 per Capita Consumption OTC Self-medication Markets -Average OTC €Purchases Per Inhabitant 2015
    • Figure 5: Outline Structure of OTC Pharmaceutical Distribution in Belgium
    • Figure 6: Pharmacy Development Belgium 1997 - 2014
    • Figure 7: Ownership of Pharmacies - Belgium 2015
    • Figure 8: Leading Cooperative Retail Pharmacy Groups - Belgium by Number of Pharmacies 2006 Compared to 2015
    • Figure 9: Belgium - Average % Share of Pharmacy Turnover by Category
    • Figure 10: Belgium - Price Build Up Non-prescription Medicines in Pharmacies
    • Figure 11: Lifé Pharma Intermediary Pharmaceutical Market Share 2008 - 2014/15
    • Figure 12: Belgium - Leading Pharmaceutical Wholesalers' Market Shares 2008 - 2014/15
    • Figure 13: Belgium Sales Forecast Non-prescription Medicines to 2019

Chapter - 7

  • OTC Distribution in Germany
    • Figure 1: Germany Total Non-prescription and Self-medication Market 2010 - 2015 est. €millions at Consumer Prices
    • Figure 2: Germany - Impact of Act on the Modernization of Statutory Health Insurance (GMG) on Non-prescription Medicines and Self-Medication Markets Growth indices 2003 - 2014. (2003 = 100)
    • Figure 3: Germany - OTC Medicines Market Share by Category May 2015 compared to May 2013
    • Figure 4: Share of the German OTC Consumer Healthcare Market by Channel 2015
    • Figure 5: Outline Structure of Non-prescription Pharmaceutical Distribution through Retail Pharmacies in Germany
    • Figure 6: Total Number of Pharmacies in Germany (000's) by Year 1995 to 2014
    • Figure 7: Number of Retail Pharmacy and Branches Owned in Germany - by Geographic Region 2014 compared to 2012 and 2010
    • Figure 8: Analysis share of Retail Pharmacy Branches as a Percentage of all Retail Pharmacy Outlets in Germany by Region 2014 compared to 2012 and 2010
    • Figure 9: Analysis of Retail Pharmacy Branches by Ownership in Germany 2005 - 2014
    • Figure 10: Analysis of Retail Pharmacy Branches in Business Units of 1 to 4 Pharmacies in Germany
    • Figure 11: Average Pharmacy Turnover in Germany 1998 to 2014
    • Figure 12: % Share of Pharmacies by Annual Turnover € millions - Germany 2014
    • Figure 13: Analysis of Annual Pharmacy Value Turnover in Germany by Category 2003 - 2014
    • Figure 14: Make-up of Pharmacy Supplementary (Non - medicinal) Ranges € Billions in Germany
    • Figure 15: Frequency of Consumer Visits to Pharmacies in Germany 2015
    • Figure 16: Reasons German Shoppers Give for Choosing a Pharmacy 2015
    • Figure 17: Retail Pharmacy Cooperation Groupings or Virtual Chains of Independent Pharmacies in Germany 2015
    • Figure 18: Consumer Awareness of Pharmacy Chain Umbrella Brands in Germany 2015 compared to 2014
    • Figure 19: Number of Pharmacies in Germany with a Mail Order License
    • Figure 20: Germany Euro Sales Revenue of the Internet and Mail Order Pharmacy Channel by Category
    • Figure 21: Internet and Mail Order Pharmacy Trends - Share of Sales by Category 2012 to 2014
    • Figure 22: Sales of Non-prescription Healthcare and through Internet and Mail Order Pharmacies in Germany 2007 - 2015 est
    • Figure 23: % Split of Sales of Non-prescription Medicines and through Mail Order Pharmacies in Germany by main Category
    • Figure 24: Percent Share of Turnover Purchased from Mail Order Pharmacies for Nonprescription Medicines by Category 2015
    • Figure 25: Germany - % Consumers claiming to have purchased from Mail Order Pharmacies 2013 - 2015
    • Figure 26: Germany - The Number of Wholesalers used by Pharmacies
    • Figure 27: Consolidation of German Pharmaceutical Wholesalers 1981 - 2015
    • Figure 28: German Pharmaceutical Wholesalers' % Market Shares in 1995 - 2014
    • Figure 29: Germany - Pharma Privat Operating Statistics 2015
    • Figure 30: Germany - Non-pharmacy Consumer Healthcare % Share of Market by Retail Channel (excluding Health Food Shops - Reformhauser)
    • Figure 31: Top Druggist (Drogeriemärkte) Chains in Germany - by Number of Stores
    • Figure 32: Top Druggist (Drogeriemärkte) Chains in Germany by Turnover €Millions 2014
    • Figure 33: Sources of Consumer Information for Health Topics in Germany
    • Figure 34: % Population Suffering Conditions Compared to % Treating with OTC Selfmedication Remedies in Germany
    • Figure 35: Germany Principal Sources of Information for Consumers Seeking Advice about Non-prescription Medicines
    • Figure 36: Forecasts for Non-prescription Medicines in Germany to 2019 € millions at Consumer Prices

Chapter - 8

  • OTC Distribution in Italy
    • Figure 1: Italy Total Non-prescription and Self-medication Market 2010 - 2015 € millions at Consumer Purchase Prices
    • Figure 2: Italy - Self-Medication Market Share and Growth by Therapeutic Category
    • Figure 3: Share of Non-prescription Medicines Value of Consumer Purchases by Channel in Italy 2010 - 2014
    • Figure 4: Growth in the Number of Public Owned Pharmacies in Italy 2004 - 2015
    • Figure 5: Growth in Number of Private Pharmacies and Publicly Owned and Populations served compared by Region in Italy 2010 - 2015
    • Figure 6: Pharmacy Density compared to Population Density by Region in Italy 2015
    • Figure 7: Retail Pharmacy Chains in Italy 2014
    • Figure 8: Groups of Independent Pharmacies Affiliated to Major Pharmaceutical Distributors in Italy
    • Figure 9: Turnover analysis of Italian Pharmacies by Category 2014
    • Figure 10: Development of Parapharmacies and OTC Corners in Italy 2007 - 2014
    • Figure 11: Geographic Distribution of Parapharmacy Channels in Italy 2015
    • Figure 12: Italy -Sales of Non-prescription OTC Self - medication through Parapharmacy Retail Channels 2010 - 2014 -€millions
    • Figure 13: Italy %Share of category Volume Sales - Para-pharmacy (Sanatoria) Stores compared to Hypermarket Parapharmacy Corners 2014
    • Figure 14: % Ailments and Conditions Treated with OTC Medication in Italy Compared to the USA and other Major Nationalities
    • Figure 15: % Population Suffering Conditions Compared to % Treating with OTC Selfmedication Remedies in Italy
    • Figure 16: Leading Pharmaceutical Wholesalers Market Share in Italy 2015
    • Figure 17: Forecasts for Non-prescription Medicines in Italy to 2019 € millions at Consumer Prices

Chapter - 9

  • OTC Distribution in the Netherlands
    • Figure 1: The Netherlands Total Self-medication Market 2010 - 2015 est
    • Figure 2: The Netherlands - Share of Personal Care Market by Product Group
    • Figure 3: The Netherlands - OTC Self-Medication Market Share by Therapeutic Category 2010 - 2014
    • Figure 4: The Netherlands - Estimated Pharmacy Price Build up for OTC Medicines
    • Figure 5: Share of the Dutch Consumer health Market by Channel
    • Figure 6: The Netherlands - Number of Stores Selling Non-prescription OTC Self-medication and Value Sales - Analysis by Channel type 2014 compared to 2012
    • Figure 7: The Netherlands - Market Share of the OTC Self-medication Market by Channel - 2014 compared to 2012 (excludes prescription business and Internet sales)
    • Figure 8: The Netherlands - Analysis % Retail Channel Category Share of OTC Self-medication by Pharmacy, Druggist and Supermarkets 2014
    • Figure 9: Average Store Turnover of OTC Medicines by Retail Channel Type in the Netherlands 2008 and 2014
    • Figure 10: Main Druggist Chains in the Netherlands by Number of Outlets 2015
    • Figure 11: The Netherlands - % Share of OTC Self-medication in Druggists by Group -2015
    • Figure 12: Analysis - Growth of Pharmacies and Decline in Drugstores (Druggists) Numbers in the Netherlands 2003 - 2014
    • Figure 13: Top Pharmacy Chains in the Netherlands 2015
    • Figure 14: e-commerce Major Pharmacy Chains in the Netherlands
    • Figure 15: e-commerce Major Druggist Chains in the Netherlands
    • Figure 16: Market Shares of Pharmaceutical Wholesalers the Netherlands 2015
    • Figure 17: Forecasts for Non-prescription Medicines in the Netherlands to 2019 - € millions at Consumer Prices

Chapter - 10

  • OTC Distribution in Spain
    • Figure 1: Spain Total OTC Medicines Market 2010 - 2015 est
    • Figure 2: Spain - Analysis of the Retail Consumer Care Market 2015
    • Figure 3: OTC Self-medication Sector % Value Share by Sub-group
    • Figure 4: Spain - Self-Medication % Market Share by Therapeutic Category
    • Figure 5: Growth of Number of Pharmacies in Spain 1990 to 2014
    • Figure 6: Number of Pharmacies by Autonomous Community - Spain - 2014 Compared to 2012
    • Figure 7: Spain - Distribution of Pharmacies compared to Provincial Population
    • Figure 8: Analysis - Number of Pharmacies by Province 2014
    • Figure 9: Spain - Analysis of Pharmacy Turnover 2014
    • Figure 10: Spain - Non-prescription Medicines Price Margin Calculations
    • Figure 11: Spain- Consumers who Shop Online Pharmacies - What they Buy
    • Figure 12: Spain - Pharmaceutical Wholesalers' Market Shares 2015
    • Figure 13: Spain - COFARES Market Share by Year 2007 - 2014
    • Figure 14: % Ailments and Conditions Treated with OTC Medication in Spain Compared to the USA and other Major Nationalities
    • Figure 15: % Spanish Population Suffering Conditions Compared to % Treating with OTC Selfmedication Remedies
    • Figure 16: Forecasts for Non-prescription Medicines in Spain to 2019 - € millions at Consumer Prices

Chapter - 11

  • OTC Distribution in the United Kingdom
    • Figure 1: The UK Consumer Purchases of OTC Medicines 2010 - 2015 est - Retail Selling Price (RSP)compared to Manufacturers' Selling Price(MSP)
    • Figure 2: The UK - Average %Share of the Non-prescription Medicines Market by Consumer Source of Purchase 2015
    • Figure 3: United Kingdom - Self-Medication Value % Market Share - Consumer Purchases by Therapeutic Categories 2015
    • Figure 4: UK - % Types of Pharmacies from which Respondents bought Products in last Months 2014 (Allows for Multiple Answers)
    • Figure 5: Number of Pharmacies in the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland by Region 2015
    • Figure 6: Retail Pharmacy Groupings in the UK - Chain Stores and Independent Pharmacies 2015
    • Figure 7: Leading Pharmacy Chains and Number of Outlets in the United Kingdom 2015
    • Figure 8: Boots Health and Beauty Retail Business in the United Kingdom 31st March 2014
    • Figure 9: Number of Pharmacies Located in Leading Supermarket and Discount Drug Chains in the UK 2015
    • Figure 10: Leading Supermarket Groups % Share of the Grocery Market in the UK 2015
    • Figure 11: Leading Regional Independent Pharmacy Multiples in the UK 2015
    • Figure 12: Consumers Source of Online Pharmacy Purchase 2014
    • Figure 13: Celesio Wholesale Turnover € Millions 2014 in the UK
    • Figure 14: Alliance Healthcare Turnover € Millions 31st March 2014 in the UK
    • Figure 15: Where British Consumers Get Advice on Treating Minor Ailments
    • Figure 16: % Population Suffering Conditions Compared to % Treating with OTC Selfmedication Remedies in the UK
    • Figure 17: How Consumers in the United Kingdom Treat Minor Ailments
    • Figure 18: Table: Forecasts for Non-prescription and OTC Self-medication Medicines in the

Chapter - 12

  • OTC Distribution in Austria & Switzerland
    • Figure 1: Austria - Total Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication Market 2010 - 2015 estimate - € millions at Consumer Prices
    • Figure 2: Austria Non-prescription Market % Share by Registered and Unregistered Medicines and Semi-ethical Medicines
    • Figure 3: Austria - Self-Medication Market Share by Therapeutic Category
    • Figure 4: Number of Pharmacies in Austria 2009 - 2014
    • Figure 5: Austria - Number of Retail Pharmacies by Federal State 2009 - 2014
    • Figure 6: Austria - Average Pharmacy Turnover 2006 - 2014
    • Figure 7: Austrian Pharmacy - Average Source of Business 2014
    • Figure 8: Austria - % Respondents using Internet Pharmacies by the Number of Times they shopped the Channel in last 24 Months
    • Figure 9: Forecasts for Non-prescription Medicines in Austria to 2019 € millions at Consumer Prices
    • Figure 10: Switzerland Total Self-medication Market 2010 - 2015 est
    • Figure 11: Switzerland - Non-prescription Pharmaceutical and Self-Medication Markets Growth indices 2010 - 2015 est. (2010 = 100) Local Currency compared to Euro
    • Figure 12: Switzerland - Non-prescription Medicines Value Share by Distribution Channel
    • Figure 13: Switzerland - Self-Medication Market Share by Therapeutic Category 2010 to 2014
    • Figure 14: Healthcare Turnover by Channel - in Switzerland
    • Figure 15: % Share of the Non-reimbursable Consumer Healthcare Market by Channel
    • Figure 16: Switzerland - The Distribution of Pharmacies by Region and Canton
    • Figure 17: Switzerland - % Split of Pharmacies into Unaffiliated, Voluntary Groups and Wholly Owned Chains
    • Figure 18: Analysis of Growth in Pharmacy Affiliations in Switzerland 2005 - 2014
    • Figure 19: Wholly owned pharmacy chains in Switzerland
    • Figure 20: Groupings of Affiliated Independent Pharmacies - Virtual Chains in Switzerland 2010 -2014
    • Figure 21: Distribution of Pharmacy Turnover in Switzerland by % of Pharmacies in CHF Millions
    • Figure 22: Switzerland - Market Shares of Leading Mail Order and Internet Pharmacies
    • Figure 23: Switzerland - Summary of Online Shopping Services by Leading Pharmacy Chains
    • Figure 24: Swiss Druggists Analysis of Turnover by Category
    • Figure 25: Leading Drugstore Groupings in Switzerland - 2015
    • Figure 26: Leading Swiss Pharmaceutical Wholesalers
    • Figure 27: Forecasts for Non-prescription Medicines in Switzerland to 2019 € millions at Consumer Prices

Chapter - 13

  • OTC Distribution in the Nordic Region
    • Figure 1: Sweden - Total Self-medication Market 2010 - 2015 est. € millions at Retail Selling 'Prices
    • Figure 2: Share of Sales by Pharmacy and Non-pharmacy Channels for OTC Medicines in Sweden 2015
    • Figure 3: Sweden - Self-Medication Market Share by Therapeutic Category 2012 - 2014
    • Figure 4: Apoteket Pricing Formula abolished 2009
    • Figure 5: Reimbursement Rates for Swedish Patients 2015
    • Figure 6: Growth in the number Pharmacies in Sweden 2009 to 2015
    • Figure 7: Sweden - Number and Growth of Pharmacies by Region 2009 to 2014
    • Figure 8: Sweden - The number Pharmacies owned by leading Chains and Retail Market Share as at June 2015
    • Figure 9: Sweden - Pharmacy Chain Growth and Consolidation Events 2009 - 2015
    • Figure 10: Sweden - Analysis of Pharmacy Turnover by Volume and Value
    • Figure 11: Frequency of Visits - Pharmacy Shoppers in Sweden
    • Figure 12: Apoteket AB Sales and Operating Profit 2012 to 2014
    • Figure 13: Sweden - Lloydsapotek Sales 2012 to 2014
    • Figure 14: Sweden Retail Pharmacy Chains URLs
    • Figure 15: Sweden - Leading Pharmaceutical Distributors Market Share 2015
    • Figure 16: Forecasts for Non-prescription Medicines in Sweden to 2019 € millions at Consumer Prices
    • Figure 17: Denmark - Total Self-medication Market 2010 - 2015 est. € millions at Pharmacy Purchase Price
    • Figure 18: Denmark - %Share of Non-prescription Medicine Sales by Retail Channel 2009 - 2015
    • Figure 19: Denmark - Pharmacy Controlled Outlets Distributing Prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication 2008 - 2014
    • Figure 20: Analysis of Pharmacy Turnover in Denmark
    • Figure 21: Forecasts for Non-prescription Medicines in Denmark to 2019 € millions at Consumer Prices
    • Figure 22: Finland - Total Non-prescription and Self-medication Market 2012 - 2015 est
    • Figure 23: Finland - Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication Market Share by Therapeutic Category 2012- 2014
    • Figure 24: Margins for non-reimbursed, non-prescription medicines in Finland
    • Figure 25: Forecasts for Non-prescription Medicines in Finland to 2019 € millions at Consumer Prices
    • Figure 26: Norway - Development of the Pharmaceutical Non-prescription OTC Selfmedication Market 2010 - 2015(estimate) - Consumer Prices € millions
    • Figure 27: Norway Total OTC Self-Medication Sales - % Split by Major Therapeutic Category (Value) 2012 -2014
    • Figure 28: Norway - Total of Retail Pharmacy Outlets 2015
    • Figure 29: Number of Stores Leading Retail Pharmacy Chains in Norway 2015 Compared to 2013
    • Figure 30: Norway - Market Shares Leading Retail Pharmacy Groups 2011 to2015
    • Figure 31: Norway - Average % Share of Pharmacy Turnover by Category
    • Figure 32: Norway - Development of % Share of Pharmacy Turnover from Traded Goods or Complimentary Ranges 2004 to 2015
    • Figure 33: Consumption of Leading OTC Medicines Purchased from Non-Pharmacy Channels in Norway 2014
    • Figure 34: Norway - Share of OTC General Sale Market (GSL) through Non-pharmacy Retail Channels of Distribution based on Daily Dose Consumption 2004 - 2014
    • Figure 35: Five Year Development of the Market Shares of Leading Pharmaceutical Distributors in Norway 2010 to 2014
    • Figure 36: Figure 37: Forecasts for Non-prescription Medicines in Norway to 2019 € millions at Consumer Prices

Chapter - 14

  • OTC Distribution in Central Europe
    • Figure 1: Poland's Non-prescription Market at Retail Prices € Millions 2010 - 2015
    • Figure 2: Poland - Non-prescription Medicines and OTC Self-medication Market % Share by Therapeutic Category 2010 - 2015 est
    • Figure 3: Populations in Main Metropolitan Areas in Poland
    • Figure 4: The Total Retail Pharmacy Market in Poland 2006 - 2014 PLM Billions RSP
    • Figure 5: Poland % Share of Pharmacy Turnover by Category 2014
    • Figure 6: Poland - Number of Pharmacies and Number of Inhabitants per Pharmacy by Province Estimated as at December 2014
    • Figure 7: Structure of Retail Pharmacy in Poland
    • Figure 8: The Growth of Network Pharmacies compared to the Decline in the Number of Independent Pharmacies in Poland 2006 - 2014
    • Figure 9: The Growth of Pharmacy Networks in Poland 2005 - 2014
    • Figure 10: The Analysis of Pharmacy Networks by Size of Group in Poland
    • Figure 11: Leading Retail Pharmacy Chains in Poland 2015
    • Figure 12: Poland - Pharmacy Networks with Franchises
    • Figure 13: Leading Internet Pharmacies in Poland
    • Figure 14: Leading Retail Pharmacy Chains in Poland Online Services
    • Figure 15: Analysis Leading National Polish Pharmaceutical Wholesalers Market Share 2015
    • Figure 16: Summary of CF CEFARM Sales and EBITA
    • Figure 17: Forecasts for Non-prescription Medicines in Poland to 2019 € millions at Consumer Prices
    • Figure 18: Hungary Total Non-prescription Self-medication Market 2010 - 2015 est
    • Figure 19: Hungary - Self-Medication % Market Share by Therapeutic Category
    • Figure 20: Average Wholesaler and Pharmacy Margins in Hungary
    • Figure 21: Hungary - Average % Share of Pharmacy Turnover by Category
    • Figure 22: Wholly Owned Pharmacy Networks (Chains) in Hungary
    • Figure 23: Market Shares of the Main Pharmaceutical Wholesalers in Hungary 2015
    • Figure 24: Forecasts for Non-prescription Medicines in Hungary to 2019 € millions at Consumer Prices
    • Figure 25: Czech Republic - Total Self-medication Market 2010 - 2015
    • Figure 26: Czech - Self-Medication Market Share by Therapeutic Category 2010 - 2014
    • Figure 27: Czech Republic - Average Sales Mix by % Share of Pharmacy Value Turnover
    • Figure 28: Czech Republic - Number of Pharmacies Serving Inhabitants per Region
    • Figure 29: Czech Republic - Pharmacies by Ownership Segments
    • Figure 30: Czech Republic - Leading Wholly Owned Retail Pharmacy Chains
    • Figure 31: € % Market Share Pharmaceutical Full Line Wholesalers in the Czech Republic 2015
    • Figure 32: Forecasts for Non-prescription Medicines in Czech Republic to 2019 € millions at Consumer Prices
    • Figure 33: Slovak Republic - Total Self-medication Market 2010 - 2015 (est)
    • Figure 34: Slovakia - Self-Medication Market Share by Therapeutic Category
    • Figure 35: Number of Retail Pharmacies and Number of inhabitants per Pharmacy in the Slovak Republic 2000 to 2014
    • Figure 36: Number of Pharmacies and Number of inhabitants per Pharmacy by Region in the Slovak Republic
    • Figure 37: Slovak Republic - Average Sales Mix by % Share of Pharmacy Value Turnover
    • Figure 38: Slovakia - % of Pharmacies by Ownership Segment
    • Figure 39: Pharmacy Chains in Slovakia 2015
    • Figure 40: Cooperation Groups of Independent Pharmacies (Virtual Pharmacy Chains) Affiliated to Major Wholesalers in the Slovak Republic
    • Figure 41: Forecasts for Non-prescription Medicines in Slovak Republic to 2019 €millions at Consumer Prices
    • Figure 42: Slovenia - Total Self-medication Market 2010 - 2015(est)
    • Figure 43: Slovenia - Self-Medication Market Share by Therapeutic Category
    • Figure 44: Pharmacies in Slovenia by Type as at 31st December 2014
    • Figure 45: Forecasts for Non-prescription Medicines in Slovenia to 2019 € millions at Consumer Prices
    • Figure 46: Bulgaria Total Self-medication Market €millions 2010 - 2015 est
    • Figure 47: Bulgaria - Non-prescription Self-Medication % Market Share by Therapeutic Category
    • Figure 48: Estimated Average Split of Pharmacy Turnover in Bulgaria by Category
    • Figure 49: Leading Pharmaceutical Distributors in Bulgaria
    • Figure 50: Bulgaria - Forecast of Non-prescription Consumer Purchases 2015 to 2019 €Millions at Retail Selling Prices
    • Figure 51: Romania - Non-prescription Medicines Sales through Pharmacies 2010 - 2015 est. €Millions at Consumer Prices
    • Figure 52: Romania - Self-Medication Market Share by Therapeutic Category 2014
    • Figure 53: Average Wholesaler and Pharmacy Margins in Romania
    • Figure 54: Permitted Pharmacy Margins based on Wholesaler Prices - Prescription Medicines in Romania
    • Figure 55: Average Annual Turnover of individual Branches from Top Retail Pharmacy Networks in Romania 2015
    • Figure 56: Estimated Average Split of Pharmacy Turnover in Romania by Category
    • Figure 57: Leading Pharmacy Chains in Romania
    • Figure 58: The Development of the Help Net Pharmacy Chain in Romania 2007 - 2015
    • Figure 59: Market Shares - Leading Pharmaceutical Distributors in Romania 2014
    • Figure 60: Annual Turnover of Leading Pharmaceutical Distributors 2014 - Romania
    • Figure 61: Forecast Non-prescription Medicine Sales in Romania to 2019 - €Millions at Consumer Prices

Chapter - 15

  • Conclusions of the Report
  • Challenges of the New Global Agenda - OTC Distribution in Europe
    • Figure 1: Forecast of Sales of the Total Non-prescription Bound and OTC Self-medication market for 20 major Markets - € millions at Consumer Purchase Prices 2015 - 2019
    • Figure 2: Europe - 20 Country Markets % Growth Estimates compared for Non-prescription Medicines to 2019
    • Figure 3: Europe - 20 Country Study Prognosis and Key Issues for the Strategic Agenda by Country to 2019
    • Figure 4: Europe's Main OTC Medicines Markets Ranked by Marketing Freedoms 2015
    • Figure 5: Europe's Main OTC Medicines Markets Ranked by Pharmacy Freedoms 2015
    • Figure 6: Europe's Main OTC Markets Ranked by Total Freedoms 2015
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