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電子・電気工学におけるバッテリーレス化の進展

Battery Elimination in Electronics and Electrical Engineering 2018-2028

発行 IDTechEx Ltd. 商品コード 534102
出版日 ページ情報 英文 302 Slides
納期: 即日から翌営業日
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本日の銀行送金レート: 1USD=111.89円で換算しております。
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電子・電気工学におけるバッテリーレス化の進展 Battery Elimination in Electronics and Electrical Engineering 2018-2028
出版日: 2018年05月24日 ページ情報: 英文 302 Slides
概要

当レポートでは、電子・電気工学におけるバッテリーレス化の進展について調査分析し、エレクトロニクスからバス、パワーグリッドまで、現状と将来の見通しについて、体系的な情報を提供しています。

第1章 エグゼクティブサマリーと結論

第2章 イントロダクション

第3章 ビル管理、携帯電話からエネルギー貯蔵を取り除く

  • エネルギー貯蔵無しのビル管理:EnOcean
  • 電池不要の携帯電話

第4章 エネルギー貯蔵無しのIoTノード:EnOcean

  • インストールが容易
  • 設置が迅速
  • 柔軟な適応力
  • 基本性能以上のメリット
  • システム
  • プロトコルの選択
  • 距離
  • 周波数
  • プロトコルのオプション
  • Bluetooth、Bluetooth Smart
  • ビーコン、センサーノード
  • スイッチ
  • センサー、など

第5章 電気自動車 (EV) ・船舶・電子調理器具におけるバッテリーレス化の進展

  • IFEVSレストラン電動バン
  • Nanowinnマイクロバス:中国
  • VinerobotマイクロEV:イタリア・スペイン・オーストラリア
  • Sunnyclist:ギリシャ
  • ソーラーゴルフカート
  • ソーラーモーターホーム

第6章 エネルギー貯蔵無しのグリッド/オフグリッド電源

  • 概要
  • 現在のオフグリッド主要技術
  • オン/オフグリッド向けバッテリーレス戦略
  • 有力な新しい資源
  • 技術と導入のロードマップ
  • バッテリーレスのモバイルソーラー脱塩装置、など

第7章 脱塩におけるバッテリーレス化

第8章 バッテリー交換向けエネルギーハーベスティング (EH) 技術

  • 定義
  • EHの機能
  • 低電力 vs. 高電力オフグリッド
  • EHエネルギー源のタイプ、など

第9章 現在・将来の応用

  • イントロダクション
  • 一般に使用されるEH
  • 地域差、など

第10章 技術とシステム

  • 概要
  • オプションの比較

第11章 技術:動電

第12章 技術:太陽光発電 (PV)

第13章 技術:熱電 (TE)

第14章 技術:圧電

第15章 静電容量

第16章 磁歪、微生物、ナノアンテナ

第17章 摩擦電気

第18章 水素や重力はグリッドバランシング用のバッテリーではない?

目次

This new report explains why we need to do this and why even partial success promises major benefits to society and new business opportunities. For example, Internet of Things nodes cannot be deployed in hundreds of billions if their batteries have to be replaced. At least 80% of the potential for IoT will be denied us since they need to be working decades from now despite being inaccessibly embedded in concrete of bridges and buildings, on billions of trees and so on. Think of remote communities and the emerging nations having electric vehicles that are virtually maintenance free and passed between generations to give travel almost free of charge. Return to a distant planet to find your robots still at work. The report analyses new breakthroughs promising to make all this possible and more.

It explains how batteries have serious limitations of cost, safety, performance and life. Learn how lithium-ion batteries will dominate the market for at least ten years and probably much longer yet no lithium-ion cell is inherently safe and no lithium-ion battery management system can ensure safety in all circumstances. Tesla says it will have solar bodywork on all its electric vehicles but, as this trend from "components in a box" to structural electronics and electrics progresses, the batteries are the problem because even solid state ones swell and shrink in use. They would destroy bodywork.

The report uniquely examines the many ways of eliminating batteries, confounding the skeptics with many examples currently operating, from electronics to buses and the power grid. Learn how batteries are needed less and less with the advent of energy harvesting with greatly improved continuity such as Airborne Wind Energy and multi-mode. It is noted that electronics and electrics need far less energy nowadays, making battery elimination more feasible: think ultra low power ARM chips, LEDs and high voltage, high speed traction motors for example.

The replacement of batteries with other energy storage is covered: some of these components have much longer life, better safety and suitability for use in planned smart materials. However, the much bigger potential is complete elimination of energy storage and that is the main focus.

This report has over 300 pages packed with new infograms, statistics and predictions. The Executive Summary and Conclusions is self-standing and sufficient for those in a hurry. The Introduction introduces the problems and solutions, including technologies to add to energy harvesting to provide the continuity of electricity supply that leads to less or no battery, such as dynamic charging of vehicles through roads.

The work was researched by PhD level analysts travelling worldwide and examination of IDTechEx databases, web research, recent conferences and other sources. The emphasis is on practicality, benchmarking and opportunity rather than theory so the third chapter looks at eliminating energy storage from sensors, building controls, cellphones and robot ships, sharing recent breakthroughs and predictions. Deliberately these examples expose very different challenges and solutions.

Chapter 4 is entirely devoted to the important topic of Internet of Things nodes without batteries - key to mass deployment. It reveals the exciting progress of EnOcean GmbH in this respect. This contrasts with Chapter 5 revealing the very different way in which electric vehicles and mobile e-cooking progress to no battery. This chapter also encompasses how to replace 700GW of diesel gensets across the world with transportable green sources with little or no battery and how the new Energy Independent Electric Vehicles EIV with quoted "perpetual" speed fit in with all this. Chapter 6 contemplates the grid without energy storage, currently a hot topic in that industry and finally, from Chapter 7 onwards, it looks very thoroughly at energy harvesting technologies for battery replacement.

Analyst access from IDTechEx

All report purchases include up to 30 minutes telephone time with an expert analyst who will help you link key findings in the report to the business issues you're addressing. This needs to be used within three months of purchasing the report.

Table of Contents

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS

  • 1.1. The need for batteries
  • 1.2. Batteries are a huge success
    • 1.2.1. Addressable battery market by end user segment $ billion
    • 1.2.2. Battery volume demand in GWh by end use segment 2016-2026
  • 1.3. Problems with batteries
  • 1.4. Ongoing lithium-ion fires and explosions
    • 1.4.1. Computers, cars, aircraft
    • 1.4.2. Hoverboards
    • 1.4.3. Next Li-ion failures and production delays due to cutting corners
  • 1.5. Impact of maintenance (battery change)
  • 1.6. How to improve, shrink and eliminate batteries
  • 1.7. Drivers and facilitators of battery elimination
    • 1.7.1. How it becomes more necessary and easier
    • 1.7.2. Rapid improvement in alternatives and more of them
    • 1.7.3. How to eliminate batteries in zero emission power production
    • 1.7.4. Huge potential
    • 1.7.5. Battery Eliminator Circuits: drones, eliminating PbA EV battery
  • 1.8. Peak in car sales k - goodbye to most lead-acid batteries...
  • 1.9. Roadmap to elimination of energy storage and sales resulting
  • 1.10. Best practice of energy storage elimination today
    • 1.10.1. University of Washington USA microwatt phone
    • 1.10.2. Triboelectric toys USA
    • 1.10.3. CO sensor powered by ambient radio
    • 1.10.4. EnOcean Germany microwatt to 3W
    • 1.10.5. Battery elimination today at kW
    • 1.10.6. IFEVS Italy electric restaurant van
    • 1.10.7. Cargo Trike UK
    • 1.10.8. Nuna8 Solar racer Netherlands
    • 1.10.9. Stella Lux Netherlands energy positive car
    • 1.10.10. Solar Ship Canada inflatable wing Canada 10kW
    • 1.10.11. MARS UK autonomous boat
  • 1.11. Dynamic charging from road Korea
  • 1.12. Battery elimination from currently developed land-based technologies
  • 1.13. Robot ships, off-grid power, diesel genset replacement: high power off-grid without batteries
  • 1.14. Grid, microgrid, genset without batteries one day
  • 1.15. Energy harvesting transducer options compared for all applications

2. INTRODUCTION

  • 2.1. What is wrong with batteries, alternatives
  • 2.2. Many solutions at low and high power, problems in between
  • 2.3. Battery Eliminator Circuits BEC
  • 2.4. Other uses and BEC development
  • 2.5. Solar and wind power reinvented: latest news
  • 2.6. Eight19
  • 2.7. Supercapacitor replaces battery - February 2018
  • 2.8. Off Grid EV charging without batteries - March 2018

3. ELIMINATING ENERGY STORAGE FROM BUILDING CONTROLS, CELLPHONES

  • 3.1. Building controls without energy storage: EnOcean Alliance
  • 3.2. Cell phone that requires no batteries

4. INTERNET OF THINGS NODES WITHOUT ENERGY STORAGE: ENOCEAN

  • 4.1. Easy to install
  • 4.2. Fast Installation
  • 4.3. Flexible Adaption
  • 4.4. More than just the primary function
  • 4.5. System
  • 4.6. Protocol choice
  • 4.7. Distance
  • 4.8. Frequency
  • 4.9. Protocol options
  • 4.10. Bluetooth and Bluetooth Smart
  • 4.11. Beacons and Sensor Nodes
  • 4.12. Switches
  • 4.13. Sensors
  • 4.14. Power supply for wireless sensors and beacons
  • 4.15. Energy Harvesting
  • 4.16. Two way EnOcean: Dolphin Modules & White Label Products now IOT
  • 4.17. EnOcean - Information for Intelligent Systems
  • 4.18. Silvair partnership July 2017
  • 4.19. Report from the IBM-EnOcean Alliance meeting

5. ELECTRIC VEHICLES, SHIPS AND E-COOKING PROGRESS TO NO BATTERY

  • 5.1. IFEVS electric restaurant van: cooks pasta without using battery.
  • 5.2. Nanowinn Microbus China
  • 5.3. Vinerobot micro EV France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Australia
  • 5.4. Sunnyclist Greece
  • 5.5. Solar golf cars
  • 5.6. Solar motor home

6. GRID AND OFF GRID POWER WITHOUT ENERGY STORAGE

  • 6.1. Overview
    • 6.1.1. Definitions
    • 6.1.2. Structure
    • 6.1.3. Off-grid structural types
    • 6.1.4. Capacity factor
  • 6.2. Off-grid leading technologies today: PV + Li-ion batteries gain share
  • 6.3. Strategies for battery elimination on and off grid
    • 6.3.1. Four approaches: together if possible
  • 6.4. Promising new sources
    • 6.4.1. New wind power
    • 6.4.2. Airborne Wind Energy: Better LCOE, Cp, adjustable power, night power
    • 6.4.3. Vertical Axis Wind Turbines
    • 6.4.4. Future photovoltaics
    • 6.4.5. Building Integrated Photovoltaics BIPV
    • 6.4.6. Blue energy
  • 6.5. Technology and adoption roadmap: harvesting
  • 6.6. Mobile solar desalinator with no battery
  • 6.7. Rock thermal storage with no battery
  • 6.8. Wave energy without batteries
  • 6.9. Wind + solar shared electrics: no battery?

7. BATTERY ELIMINATION IN DESALINATION: WAVE PRESSURE OR STORED OUTPUT

8. ENERGY HARVESTING TECHNOLOGIES FOR BATTERY REPLACEMENT

  • 8.1. Definition
  • 8.2. Features of EH
  • 8.3. Low power vs high power off-grid
  • 8.4. Types of EH energy source
  • 8.5. Ford and EPA assessment of regeneration potential in a car
  • 8.6. EH by power level
    • 8.6.1. Needs by power level
    • 8.6.2. Technologies by power level
    • 8.6.3. Vibration and random movement harvesting
  • 8.7. EH transducer options compared
  • 8.8. Energy storage technologies in comparison
  • 8.9. EH system architecture
  • 8.10. Energy Harvesting Maturity
  • 8.11. Popularity by technology 2017-2027
    • 8.11.1. Overview
    • 8.11.2. Typical vibration sources encountered
    • 8.11.3. The vibration harvesting opportunity
  • 8.12. Some energy harvesting highlights of "IDTechEx Show!" Berlin May 2017
  • 8.13. Market drivers
  • 8.14. History of energy harvesting
  • 8.15. Problems that are opportunities

9. APPLICATIONS NOW AND IN FUTURE

  • 9.1. Introduction
    • 9.1.1. Energy harvesting is an immature industry
  • 9.2. Where is EH used in general?
    • 9.2.1. Examples of energy harvesting by power level
    • 9.2.2. Hype and success: applications
    • 9.2.3. Some EH applications by location
    • 9.2.4. Power needs of electronic and electrical products
  • 9.3. Regional differences
  • 9.4. EH is sometimes introduced then abandoned
  • 9.5. Lower power ICs and different design approach facilitate low power EH adoption
  • 9.6. Building control, BIPV, IoT for communities, local grid
    • 9.6.1. Introduction
    • 9.6.2. Electrodynamically operated light switch
    • 9.6.3. Building integrated photovoltaics BIPV
    • 9.6.4. In communities: IoT
  • 9.7. Uses in vehicles
    • 9.7.1. Transitional options to EIV
  • 9.8. Manufacturers
  • 9.9. Toyota view in 2017 with image of the new Prius Prime solar roof

10. TECHNOLOGIES AND SYSTEMS

  • 10.1. Overview
  • 10.2. Comparison of options
    • 10.2.1. Technology choice by intermittent power generated
    • 10.2.2. Roadmap for low power EH: Bosch
    • 10.2.3. EH transducer options compared
    • 10.2.4. Potential efficiency
    • 10.2.5. Hype and success - technology
    • 10.2.6. Parameters
    • 10.2.7. Multi-modal harvesting today
    • 10.2.8. Integrated multi-modal: European Commission Powerweave project etc
    • 10.2.9. Wi-Fi harvesting

11. TECHNOLOGY: ELECTRODYNAMIC

  • 11.1. Overview
  • 11.2. Choices of rotating electrical machine technology
  • 11.3. Airborne Wind Energy AWE
    • 11.3.1. TwingTec Switzerland 10 kW+, Ampyx Power
    • 11.3.2. Google Makhani AWE 600kW trial, Enerkite
  • 11.4. Typical powertrain components and regenerative braking
  • 11.5. Trend to integration in vehicles
  • 11.6. Human-powered electrodynamic harvesting
    • 11.6.1. Knee Power
  • 11.7. Electrodynamic vibration energy harvesting
    • 11.7.1. Overview
  • 11.8. Electrodynamic regenerative shock absorbers and self-powered active suspension
  • 11.9. Flywheel KERS vs motor regen. braking
  • 11.10. 3D and 6D movement
  • 11.11. Next generation motor generators, turbine EH in vehicles

12. TECHNOLOGY: PHOTOVOLTAICS

  • 12.1. Overview
  • 12.2. pn junction vs alternatives
  • 12.3. Wafer vs thin film
  • 12.4. Important photovoltaic parameters
  • 12.5. Some choices beyond silicon compared
  • 12.6. Tightly rollable, foldable, stretchable PV will come
  • 12.7. OPV
  • 12.8. Photovoltaic electric cooking without batteries

13. TECHNOLOGY: THERMOELECTRICS

  • 13.1. Basis and fabrication of thermoelectric generators TEG
  • 13.2. Choice of active materials
  • 13.3. Benefits of Thin Film TE
  • 13.4. TEG systems
  • 13.5. Automotive TEG
  • 13.6. Powering sensor transceivers on bus bars and hot pipes
  • 13.7. Flex's Smart Thermos
  • 13.8. High power thermoelectrics: tens of watts
  • 13.9. High power thermoelectrics: kilowatt

14. TECHNOLOGY: PIEZOELECTRICS

  • 14.1. Overview
  • 14.2. Active materials
    • 14.2.1. Overview
    • 14.2.2. Exceptional piezo performance announced 2016
  • 14.3. Piezo Effect - Direct
  • 14.4. Piezo Effect - Converse
  • 14.5. Piezo options compared
  • 14.6. Piezo in cars - potential
    • 14.6.1. Piezo EH powered tyre sensor
  • 14.7. Piezo EH in helicopter
  • 14.8. Consumer Electronics
  • 14.9. Benefits of Thin Film
  • 14.10. Benefits of elastomer: KAIST Korea
  • 14.11. Vibration energy harvester (Joule Thief)
  • 14.12. Challenges with high power piezoelectrics

15. CAPACITIVE ELECTROSTATIC

  • 15.1. Principle
  • 15.2. Interdigitated to elastomer
  • 15.3. Capacitive flexible
    • 15.3.1. Dielectric elastomer generators
  • 15.4. Creating electricity from ocean waves: best places West Coast of North America, UK, Japan
  • 15.5. Creating electricity from ocean waves: the dilemma
  • 15.6. High power DEG capacitive wave power trials
  • 15.7. MEMS Electrostatic Scavengers
    • 15.7.1. Advanced MEMS capacitive vibration harvester in 2016

16. MAGNETOSTRICTIVE, MICROBIAL, NANTENNA

  • 16.1. Magnetostrictive
  • 16.2. Microbial fuel cells
  • 16.3. Nantenna-diode

17. TRIBOELECTRIC

  • 17.1. Definition
  • 17.2. Triboelectric dielectric series
  • 17.3. Triboelectric dielectric series examples showing wide choice of properties
  • 17.4. Triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG)
  • 17.5. Achievement
  • 17.6. Four ways to make a TENG
    • 17.6.1. Overview
    • 17.6.2. TENG modes with advantages, potential uses
    • 17.6.3. Research focus on the four modes
    • 17.6.4. Parametric advantages and challenges of triboelectric EH
  • 17.7. Be your own battery
  • 17.8. Twistron from the University of Texas, Dallas
  • 17.9. Triboelectric wave, tire and shirt power, Clemson University

18. HYDROGEN OR GRAVITY NOT BATTERIES FOR GRID BALANCING?

  • 18.1. Chemistry such as hydrogen
  • 18.2. Gravity reinvented
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