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エネルギー自立型ビークル (EIEV):陸上・水域・空域輸送 (2018-2038年)

Energy Independent Electric Vehicles: Land, Water, Air 2018-2038

発行 IDTechEx Ltd. 商品コード 424443
出版日 ページ情報 英文 246 Slides
納期: 即日から翌営業日
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エネルギー自立型ビークル (EIEV):陸上・水域・空域輸送 (2018-2038年) Energy Independent Electric Vehicles: Land, Water, Air 2018-2038
出版日: 2019年03月31日 ページ情報: 英文 246 Slides
概要

当レポートでは、陸上・水域・空域の各種エネルギー自立型ビークル (EIEV) の市場を調査し、EIEVの定義と概要、EIEVにおけるEH (エネルギーハーベスティング) の重要性、高性能材料の利用動向、ビークル区分別の企業・大学・研究機関による技術開発、製品、プロジェクト、その他の取り組みの例、将来の展望などをまとめています。

第1章 エグゼクティブサマリー

第2章 イントロダクション

  • エネルギー自立型ビークル (EIEV):エネルギー・定義・機能
  • 定義・主な機能
  • エネルギーハーベスティングとは?
  • EIEVにとって重要な高出力エネルギーハーベスティングの特徴
  • 高出力エネルギーハーベスティングの例
  • 輸送機におけるエネルギーハーベスティング
  • 間欠的発電
  • シリコン以外の主なPVオプション
  • 薄型軽量フレネルレンズコンセントレーター
  • PVコスト・効率の動向
  • Lizard EIEV、など

第3章 新たな形態:EIEVにとっての重要性

  • コロイド量子ドットスプレー
  • 現在のハーベスティング技術と将来の航空機向け用途
  • 機械的・電気的エネルギー自立型ビークル (EIEV)
  • e-fiberプロジェクトの例
  • 欧州のPowerweaveプロジェクト:飛行船 & 船舶
  • ハイブリッド圧電PV材料
  • 自動車タイヤ向けに開発中の摩擦電気
  • EH (エネルギーハーベスティング) システム
  • Qualcommのビジョン
  • ダイナミックワイヤレスチャージング:EIEVへのステッピングストーン
  • 韓国:道路からのダイナミックチャージング、など

第4章 超高パワートレイン効率

  • 概要
  • EH (エネルギーハーベスティング) による内部効率の改良 - EIEVへの前進

第5章 超軽量化

  • 概要
  • 軽量化材料
  • ロードベアリングとスマートスキンエレクトロニクス
  • 構造化エレクトロニクス
  • エレクトロニクスコンポーネントの軽量化
  • 自己修復技術でMITと協力するランボルギーニ
  • アルミニウムを使用したTesla Sシャーシ

第6章 次世代エネルギーストレージ

  • 概要
  • エネルギーストレージ技術の比較
  • 次世代電池:サマリー
  • リチウムイオン電池の次は?
  • 米国DOEのよる主電池コスト予測
  • リチウムイオン電池技術の次の候補
  • リチウムイオン電池後の課題
  • 主流市場の要件:性能・価格
  • 自動車用リチウム電池の価格の推移
  • 電池価格の動向
  • 技術の成熟度ロードマップ:市場区分別
  • リチウムイオン電池の次の技術
  • ベンチマーキング:理論電池性能
  • ベンチマーキング:実用電池性能
  • シリコンアノード
  • スーパーコンデンサー
  • スーパーコンデンサーとハイブリッド スーパーキャパシター
  • ナトリウムイオン電池、など

第7章 活動中のエネルギー自立型ビークル (EIEV)

第8章 陸上EIEV:オンロード

  • Stella Lux 乗用車 (オランダ)
  • Sunswift eVe 乗用車 (オーストラリア)
  • Immortus 乗用車 (オーストラリア)
  • POLYMODEL マイクロEV (イタリア)
  • Venturi 電気自動車 (イタリア)
  • Dalian 観光バス (中国)
  • NFH-H マイクロバス (中国)
  • Kayoola 大型バス (ウガンダ)
  • Cargo Trike マイクロEV (英国)
  • Sunnyclist (ギリシャ)
  • InfinitE スクーター
  • Hanergy (中国)
  • Sion (ドイツ)
  • Clean Motion Midsummer (スウェーデン)
  • 移動式EIEV食料品店 (中国)
  • ソーラーモーターホーム

第9章 ソーラーレーサー

  • World Solar Challe
  • ソーラーレーサー技術:非ソーラーパーツ
  • ソーラーレーサー性能指標の改善
  • ソーラーレーサー技術:PV
  • Power of One ソーラーレーサー (カナダ)
  • Bethany ソーラーレーサー(英国)
  • CUER Resolution ソーラーレーサー (英国)
  • EVA ソーラーレーサー (英国)
  • Nuna7 ソーラーレーサー (オランダ)
  • Nuna8 ソーラーレーサー (オランダ)
  • Drifter 2.0 ソーラーレーサー (米国)
  • ミシガン大学のソーラーレーサー

第10章 陸上EIEV:オフロード

  • Vinerobot マイクロEV

第11章 海上輸送EIEV

  • REPSAILボート (ポーランド・トルコなど)
  • MARS (Mayflower Autonomous Research Ship) (英国・米国)
  • RENSEAボート (スウェーデン)
  • Turanorボート (ドイツ)
  • Vaka Moanaボート (オランダ)
  • Sun21ボート (スイス)
  • Seaswarmボート (米国)
  • Inerjy EcoVert
  • SOELCATボート (オランダ)
  • SeaCharger自動ソーラーボート
  • Solarwave自動ソーラーボート
  • Solar Yacht Zhenfa Holdings
  • Energy Observer (フランス)

第12章 EIEV潜水艇

  • Seaglider AUVボート (米国)
  • Cyro AUV jellyfish (米国)

第13章 EIEV内陸水運

  • ソーラーレース用ボート (オランダ)
  • Loonボート (カナダ)
  • Alster Sun (オランダ・ドイツ)
  • エコマリン (日本)

第14章 EIEV飛行船

  • Nephelios (フランス)
  • Northrop Grumman (米国)
  • Mitre DARPA (米国)
  • Lockheed Martin HALE-D (米国)
  • Dirisolar (フランス)
  • Turtle (米国)

第15章 固定翼EIEV

  • 固定翼付きソーラー飛行船 (カナダ)
  • Atlantik Solar 2 UAV (スイス)
  • Zephyr 7 UAV (ドイツ)
  • Titan Aerospace UAV (米国)
  • Solar Eagle UAV (米国)
  • Facebook AQUILA UAV (英国・米国)
  • Aquila UAV (英国)
  • Silent Falcon UAV (米国)
  • Helios UAV (米国)
  • Sunstar (米国)
  • Sunseeker Duo (米国)
  • Solar Impulse (スイス)
  • SolarStratos (スイス)
  • China Aerospace

第16章 あらゆる輸送機器にメリットをもたらすEIEV技術

  • エネルギー自立型ビークル (EIEV) のメリット
目次

Title:
Energy Independent Electric Vehicles: Land, Water, Air 2018-2038
Market forecasts, technology timelines, new energy harvesting & regen., extreme powertrain efficiency.

The electric vehicle industry will be $750 billion in 2028 with EIEV rising rapidly.

This report "Energy Independent Electric Vehicles Land, Water, Air 2018-2038" reveals how Energy Independent Electric Vehicles EIEV such as solar racers were a curiosity five years ago, too weak to lead to anything generally useful. Then a solar boat and plane went round the world and a solar plane is now being prepared that will rise from earth to 80,000 feet on sunshine alone. Entirely solar driven golf cars, small buses and passenger boats are on sale. Solar dirigibles for heavy lifting and long distance transport are being prepared for sale and this report reveals details of many solar cars demonstrated for mainstream use from 2020. They generate up to eight times as much electricity as predecessors: learn how and why.

Boats are being prepared that are entirely powered by electricity from on-board wind turbines and/or solar and/or tide and waves. These and other developments are about to be recognised as the kernel of a business of over $100 billion in EIEVs employing multi-mode energy harvesting, extreme powertrain efficiency and other new advances. Investment in these new technologies is de-risked by the fact that they will be useful way beyond EIEVs. The leading solar racer company has already spun off five businesses exploiting its discoveries in aerodynamics and the like.

The report shows how EIEVs have bigger potential than those navigationally autonomous vehicles that are all the rage right now. Indeed they leverage todays "autonomy" while also transforming the future of land vehicles, boats and aircraft with human drivers. Be first to learn the dramatic winners, losers and benefits to society of all this.

The report uses easily understood infograms, graphs and tables to present the discoveries and interpretation by globetrotting multi-lingual, PhD level analysts at IDTechEx. There are even latest inputs in 2017. 46 categories of electric vehicle are forecasted by number and value 2018-2038.

With a profusion of examples and new market research, the report explains why billions of dollars are already being spent on unmanned military and non-military aircraft that will stay aloft for 5-10 years - energy independent. Learn how some solar cars even donate electricity to the grid and others are intended to be mainstream in Germany, Australia, China and elsewhere. An Italian pizza van does all its travel and cooking using unfolding solar plus a telescopic, unfurling wind turbine used when it is stationary. In 2017, companies are already negotiating to license the design for series manufacture. Unmanned solar inflatable wings will carry heavy loads across Canada and there is much more going on with wind, wave, tide and other ambient power grabbed by boats, planes and so on. Readers see the future. For example, discover how remote communities and underdeveloped counties will prosper as a consequence.

Utilities and charging station networks are bypassed. Batteries become less important in EVs. Less battery may be needed - sometimes no battery at all - but the report forecasts multi-billion dollar businesses being created that make the unprecedentedly efficient powertrains, multi-mode energy harvesting, lightweighting and streamlining required. "Energy Independent Electric Vehicles Land, Water, Air 2018-2038" reveals how that includes new technology of regeneration including elimination of hot shock absorbers and disk brakes, electricity being produced instead. Learn how smart materials are planned - structural electronics replacing the components-in-a-box approach. The reinvented car, boat and plane awaits, easier to use., safer, greener, with lower cost of ownership and longer life. Previously impossible missions are identified and the boost to mobile robotics is revealed. Participate and invest before the herd. Here is the knowledge that gives you the power.

Analyst access from IDTechEx

All report purchases include up to 30 minutes telephone time with an expert analyst who will help you link key findings in the report to the business issues you're addressing. This needs to be used within three months of purchasing the report.

Table of Contents

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • 1.1. Definition, attitudes, overall trend
  • 1.2. Types of EIEV and related vehicles
    • 1.2.1. EIEV operational choices
  • 1.3. Key EIEV technologies
  • 1.4. Examples of EIEV technologies past, present and concept including vehicles likely to be further developed into being EIEVs ie "precursors". On land
  • 1.5. Technologies of EIEVs past, present and concept including vehicles likely to be further developed into being EIEVs ie "precursors". On and under water
  • 1.6. Technologies of EIEVs past, present and concept including vehicles likely to be further developed into being EIEVs ie "precursors". In the air
  • 1.7. Executive summary and conclusions: EIEV Technology roadmap
  • 1.8. Market forecast 2018 and 2028

2. INTRODUCTION

  • 2.1. Energy Independent Electric Vehicles: energy, definition and function
  • 2.2. Definition and primary features
  • 2.3. What is energy harvesting?
  • 2.4. Characteristics of the High Power Energy Harvesting essential to EIEVs
    • 2.4.1. Power density provided by different forms of HPEH
  • 2.5. Good features and challenges of the four most important EH technologies in order of importance
  • 2.6. High power energy harvesting: examples with intermittency and suppliers
  • 2.7. Efficiency achieved and theoretical potential for improving efficiency of energy harvesting in and on EIEVs
  • 2.8. Energy harvesting technologies with examples of good features in blue
    • 2.8.1. More EH in a vehicle
  • 2.9. Intermittent power generated
  • 2.10. Comparison of pn junction and photoelectrochemical photovoltaics
  • 2.11. Priorities for high power EH in EIEVs, for primary traction power, with examples
  • 2.12. Main PV options beyond silicon
  • 2.13. Chasing affordable, ultra-lightweight conformal PV for EIEVs
    • 2.13.1. Best Research Cell Efficiencies
  • 2.14. Thin, lightweight Fresnel lens concentrator
  • 2.15. PV cost and efficiency trends
  • 2.16. Lizard EIEVs
  • 2.17. Toyota view in 2017 with image of the new Prius Prime solar roof
  • 2.18. Transition to EIEV: India

3. NEW FORMATS ARE VERY IMPORTANT FOR EIEVS

  • 3.1. New formats are very important for EIEVs
  • 3.2. Colloidal Quantum Dot spray on solar?
  • 3.3. But mostly still silicon today
  • 3.4. Harvesting technologies now and in future for air vehicles
  • 3.5. Overlap between mechanically and electrically energy independent vehicles
    • 3.5.1. Examples of e-fiber projects aimed at use in vehicles
    • 3.5.2. European Powerweave project: airships & sails
  • 3.6. Hybrid piezo photovoltaic material
  • 3.7. Triboelectricity is being developed for car tires
  • 3.8. EIEVs - more than adding something to a vehicle
  • 3.9. EH system
  • 3.10. Qualcomm vision - next enabling and transitional technologies
  • 3.11. Autonomous operation + EIEV: a synergistic ecosystem
  • 3.12. Dynamic wireless charging - stepping stone to EIEV
    • 3.12.1. Korea - dynamic charging from road
  • 3.13. Dynamic charging will use very low cost electricity
  • 3.14. Reinventing wind turbines for use on boats, ships, aircraft, land vehicles wind turbines for use on boats, ships, aircraft, land vehicles
    • 3.14.1. Energy positive large buses will come

4. EXTREME POWERTRAIN EFFICIENCY

  • 4.1. Overview
  • 4.2. Internal vehicle efficiency improvement by EH - progress towards EIEVs

5. EXTREME LIGHTWEIGHTING

  • 5.1. Overview
  • 5.2. Lightweighting materials
    • 5.2.1. De-icing heater as part of an aircraft wing
    • 5.2.2. Use of aluminium and plastics to have microcar weight
  • 5.3. Load-bearing and smart skin electrics/ electronics are part of the EIEV end-game
  • 5.4. Structural electronics (referring to electrics and electronics) is the end game for most EIEV components
  • 5.5. Lightweighting of electronic components
  • 5.6. Lamborghini collaborate with MIT on self healing car
  • 5.7. Tesla S chassis largely made of aluminium

6. NEXT GENERATION ENERGY STORAGE

  • 6.1. Overview
  • 6.2. Energy storage technologies in comparison
  • 6.3. Next generation batteries: summary
  • 6.4. Why post lithium-ion batteries now?
  • 6.5. Li-ion performance will plateau even with new materials
    • 6.5.1. US DOE projections of traction battery cost
  • 6.6. What are post Li-ion battery technology candidates?
  • 6.7. Challenges for post Li-ion batteries
  • 6.8. Mainstream market requirements: Performance and price
  • 6.9. Automotive lithium battery price evolution at pack level
  • 6.10. Battery price trends per sector
  • 6.11. Technology maturity roadmap per market segment
  • 6.12. Technologies of post lithium-ion batteries
  • 6.13. Benchmarking of theoretical battery performance
  • 6.14. Benchmarking of practical battery performance
  • 6.15. Why silicon anode batteries?
    • 6.15.1. Silicon anode
  • 6.16. Motivation - why lithium sulfur batteries?
  • 6.17. Challenges of lithium sulfur battery
  • 6.18. Why solid state li-ion or other batteries?
    • 6.18.1. Solid state batteries?
  • 6.19. Lithium capacitor
  • 6.20. Supercapacitors
  • 6.21. Supercapacitors and hybrid supercapacitor
    • 6.21.1. Nomenclature
  • 6.22. Lithium capacitors technology performance of products available today
  • 6.23. Sodium ion batteries
  • 6.24. Summary of technology challenges for future traction batteries
  • 6.25. Bundesverband Solare Mobilität - Federal Association of Solar Mobility

7. ENERGY INDEPENDENT ELECTRIC VEHICLES IN ACTION

8. EIEVS ON LAND, ON-ROAD

  • 8.1. Stella Lux passenger car Netherlands
  • 8.2. Sunswift eVe passenger car Australia
  • 8.3. Immortus passenger car, Australia
  • 8.4. POLYMODEL micro EV Italy
  • 8.5. Venturi Eclectic passenger car Italy
  • 8.6. Dalian tourist bus China
  • 8.7. NFH-H microbus China
  • 8.8. Kayoola large bus Uganda
  • 8.9. Cargo Trike micro EV UK
  • 8.10. Sunnyclist Greece
  • 8.11. InfinitE Scooter
  • 8.12. Hanergy China
  • 8.13. Bolloré Group France
  • 8.14. Sion Germany
  • 8.15. Clean Motion Midsummer Sweden
  • 8.16. Mobile EIEV grocery store China
  • 8.17. Solar motor home

9. SOLAR RACERS

  • 9.1. World Solar Challenge
  • 9.1.1. Other solar races
  • 9.2. Solar racer technologies - non solar parts
  • 9.3. Improvement of solar racer performance parameters
  • 9.4. Solar racer technologies - photovoltaics
  • 9.5. Power of One solar racer car Canada
  • 9.6. Bethany solar racer UK
  • 9.7. CUER Resolution solar racer UK
  • 9.8. EVA solar racer UK
  • 9.9. Nuna 7 solar racer Netherlands
  • 9.10. Nuna 8 solar racer Netherlands
  • 9.11. Drifter 2.0 solar racer USA
  • 9.12. University of Michigan solar racer

10. EIEVS ON LAND, OFF-ROAD

  • 10.1. Vinerobot micro EV Europe
  • 10.2. Dutch couple to drive a solar-powered, 3D-printed vehicle to the South Pole

11. EIEVS ON WATER SEAGOING

  • 11.1. REPSAIL boat Poland, Turkey etc
  • 11.2. Mayflower Autonomous Research Ship (MARS) UK,USA
  • 11.3. RENSEA boat Iceland, Norway, Sweden
  • 11.4. Turanor boat Germany
  • 11.5. Vaka Moana boat Netherlands
  • 11.6. Sun21 boat Switzerland
  • 11.7. Seaswarm boat USA
  • 11.8. Inerjy EcoVert
  • 11.9. SOELCAT boat Netherlands
  • 11.10. SeaCharger autonomous solar boat
  • 11.11. Solarwave autonomous solar boat
  • 11.12. Solar Yacht Zhenfa Holdings
  • 11.13. Energy Observer France

12. EIEVS SEAGOING UNDERWATER

  • 12.1. Seaglider AUV boat USA
  • 12.2. Cyro AUV jellyfish USA

13. EIEVS INLAND WATER

  • 13.1. Solar racing boats Netherlands
  • 13.2. Loon boat Canada
  • 13.3. Alster Sun Netherlands, Germany
  • 13.4. Energy independent ship opportunity
  • 13.5. ECO Marine Japan
  • 13.6. Go With The Flow Technologies

14. EIEVS AIRBORNE INFLATABLE

  • 14.1. Nephelios airship France
  • 14.2. Northrop Grumman airship USA
  • 14.3. Mitre DARPA airship USA
  • 14.4. Lockheed Martin HALE-D airship USA
  • 14.5. Dirisolar airship France
  • 14.6. Turtle airship USA
  • 14.7. Brunel solar powered autonomous aircraft

15. EIEVS FIXED WING

  • 15.1. Solarship inflatable fixed wing aircraft Canada
  • 15.2. Atlantik Solar 2 UAV Switzerland
  • 15.3. Zephyr 7 UAV UK, Germany
  • 15.4. Titan Aerospace UAV USA
  • 15.5. Solar Eagle UAV USA
  • 15.6. Facebook AQUILA UAV US, UK
  • 15.7. Aquila UAV USA, UK
  • 15.8. Silent Falcon UAV USA
  • 15.9. Helios UAV USA
  • 15.10. Sunstar USA
  • 15.11. Sunseeker Duo USA
  • 15.12. Solar Impulse Switzerland
  • 15.13. SolarStratos Switzerland
  • 15.14. China Aerospace
  • 15.15. Upper Atmosphere Dual Aircraft Platform vs Solar Plane
  • 15.16. Arctic Solar Drone

16. EIEV TECHNOLOGY SPAWNS ADVANCES FOR ALL VEHICLES

  • 16.1. EIEV technology spawns advances for all vehicles
  • 16.2. Energy Independent Electric Vehicles: here come the benefits
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