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3Dバイオプリンティング市場 2014年〜2024年:用途・市場・主要企業 - バイオプリンティングの技術および市場ロードマップ

3D Bioprinting 2014-2024: Applications, Markets and Players - A technology and market roadmap for the future of bioprinting in the coming decade

発行 IDTechEx Ltd. 商品コード 300641
出版日 ページ情報 英文 104 Pages
納期: 即日から翌営業日
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3Dバイオプリンティング市場 2014年〜2024年:用途・市場・主要企業 - バイオプリンティングの技術および市場ロードマップ 3D Bioprinting 2014-2024: Applications, Markets and Players - A technology and market roadmap for the future of bioprinting in the coming decade
出版日: 2015年11月01日 ページ情報: 英文 104 Pages
概要

3Dバイオプリンティング関連の技術は多種多様であり、市場に投入されている製品は少ないものの、将来多くの重要な市場に多大な影響を及ぼす可能性を秘めています。特に有望視されているのは、効率的な創薬のための体外試験、パーソナルケア製品の毒性試験、ヒトの細胞移植に関係する臨床分野の研究といった用途です。現在のところ3Dバイオプリンターを導入しているのは研究開発分野の組織のみであり、有効市場のごく一部に留まっていますが、今後技術開発が進めば、さまざまな分野で導入の動きが急速に進む可能性もあります。創薬の分野では、3Dバイオプリンターを使って研究室内に3次元のヒト細胞環境を再現することにより、創薬プロセスの信頼性を高めることができます。また、2013年に欧州連合がパーソナルケア製品の動物実験を全面的に禁止したことも、3Dバイオプリンターにとっては追い風になります。このほか、ヒトの血管、皮膚、軟骨、腎臓や肝臓などの細胞を3Dバイオプリンターで作り出す技術の研究も進んでおり、再生医療の発展に大きく寄与する技術として注目を集めています。

当レポートは、世界の3Dバイオプリンティング技術に注目し、開発や商業化の現実的なスケジュールを明らかにしたもので、今後の課題や有効市場の評価、2025年までの予測などに加え、主要企業幹部のインタビューなども提供しています。

第1章 エグゼクティブサマリー

第2章 イントロダクション

第3章 技術

  • インクジェットベースのバイオプリンティング
  • シリンジ/押し出し成形ベースのバイオプリンティング
  • 磁気浮上技術を利用したバイオプリンティング
  • レーザー援用バイオプリンティング
  • バルブベースのバイオプリンティング
  • 技術についてのサマリー

第4章 用途

  • 医療
    • 薬剤スクリーニング
    • 再生医療
    • 組織置換(無血管野)
    • 組織置換(血管野)
  • 歯科
  • 消費財/パーソナルケア製品の試験
  • バイオセンサー
  • 食品と動物性食品のバイオプリンティング
  • バイオインク
    • 細胞
    • 成長因子/タンパク質
    • 支持材

第5章 市場

  • 市場の構造と主な企業
  • バリューチェーン
  • 市場の障壁
  • 利益

第6章 ロードマップと予測

第7章 主要企業幹部のインタビュー

  • Digilab Inc.
  • MicroFab Technologies Inc.
  • n3D Biosciences Inc.
  • nScrypt Inc.
  • Organovo
  • regenHU Ltd
  • TiVido Biodevices

図表

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目次

3D bioprinting will begin to realize its true potential within the coming decade

3D bioprinting constitutes a raft of technologies, commercial and not-yet commercial, which have the potential to significantly impact a number of major markets, including in vitro testing for more efficient drug discovery and toxicity testing of personal consumer products, as well as the clinical fields relating to implant/grafting of human tissue.

Though not yet employed within its addressable markets (current bioprinter sales and products are to research and development organisations only), the potential for rapid deployment in some areas already exists, subject to adequate funding being made available.

Drug discovery

Drug discovery is a highly expensive process which in most cases will end in failure to gain regulatory clearance (see figure 1). The reason for this high failure rate is related to the lack of sufficiently accurate pre-clinical (prior to human volunteer) testing methodologies which have to date been limited to 2-dimensional human cell assays together with animal testing.

Fig. 1. Drug discovery process

                     Source: IDTechEx

Different species can react to different drugs in very different ways, and further, 2-dimendional cell cultures behave very differently in terms of coalescence and proliferation compared to cells which inhabit a 3-dimensional environment. In short, humans are not 2-dimensional 70kg mice.

For some time therefore, medical researchers have sought means to mimic the 3-dimensional human tissue environment in the laboratory in an effort to make the drug discovery process more reliable, thereby (a) reducing complications associated to human clinical trials of novel drugs, (b) lowering the costs resulting from late-stage failures, (c) ensuring that dead-ends are abandoned quickly in order that attention can be focused on more promising avenues, and (d) shortening the drug discovery process timescale so that potentially life-saving drugs make it to the market as soon as possible.

Development of 3D assays has remained a challenge however, as the degree of precision required to emulate cell-to-cell communication in vivo (in the body) has proved elusive. Computer controlled 3D bioprinting, combined with curable bioinks, has now enabled the fabrication of 3D tissue, which moreover can survive for significantly longer periods of time compared to their 2D counterparts, enabling longer term impact of a novel drug on human tissue cultures to be analysed.

Cosmetic/consumer product testing

In 2013 the European Union (EU) enforced new legislation banning the use of animal testing on all personal consumer products. No such product, or any ingredient thereof, may be tested on animals, and no product/ingredient which has been tested on animals outside of the EU may be retailed within the EU. This has proved a major driver for companies in this sector to seek new means of testing the safety of their new products, not least as the EU represents the largest single market for cosmetics and other such products.

For example, in October 2013, the world's largest cosmetic company, L'Oreal, entered into an agreement with 3D bioprinting company Organovo to explore the use of 3D bioprinting for cosmetic safety testing, specifically skin care products.

Tissue grafts/implants

The longer term holy grail of 3D bioprinting is the ability to be able to print viable human tissue for grafting or implant into the human body. Research is already underway looking at the 3D bioprinting of non-vascular tissue (thin tissue which does not require a network of nutrient delivering capillaries) such as skin and cartilage. Work in this area is expected to commence clinical trials in the immediate future and will reduce the need for mechanical implants and human donors.

On a 30 year horizon, it is hoped that clinicians will be able to 3D bioprint vascular (thick) tissue such as a human kidney or liver. Transplant waiting lists continue to grow disproportionately in comparison to the availability of donor organs and 3D bioprinting of organs would have a number of advantages over donor organs including:

  • Earlier transplant when the patient is healthier yielding better outcomes
  • Reduced possibility of organ rejection where the organ is grown from the patient's own cells
  • Reduced requirement for eg. dialysis or other life supporting intervention, and
  • Reduced need for lifelong medication to supress the immune system.

This report provides a realistic timeline for the development and commercialisation of the 3D bioprinting technologies in what are largely heavily regulated application areas. A challenge matrix is presented, and evaluations of the addressable markets and their value provided. Forecasts are given for the period 2014-2025.

In addition to detailing each of the technologies currently employed, together with their state of commercialisation, future application areas are discussed including:

  • Medical - tissue engineering, drug discovery, regenerative medicine, dental implants etc.
  • Cosmetic/personal consumer product screening
  • Biosensors
  • Food and animal products

The report is informed by in depth interviews with the organisations working in the area of 3D bioprinting, analysing the challenges they face, both technological and otherwise, as well as the different business models employed.

The potential losers resulting from the large-scale uptake of 3D bioprinting are also outlined, emphasising their need for organisations working in the areas listed above to understand the technology and its likely evolutionary path.

This report draws on the wealth of experience of IDTechEx in the area of 3D printing in general, supported by expert opinion. The particular hurdles faced by each application area are addressed, and a timeline for the progressive commercialisation(s) presented (see figure 2).

Fig. 2. Commercialisation timeline

                     Source: IDTechEx

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Table of Contents

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

2. INTRODUCTION

3. TECHNOLOGIES

  • 3.1. Inkjet based bioprinting
  • 3.2. Syringe/extrusion based bioprinting
  • 3.3. Magnetic levitation bioprinting
  • 3.4. Laser assisted bioprinting
  • 3.5. Valve-based bioprinting
  • 3.6. Technology summary

4. APPLICATIONS

  • 4.1. Medical
    • 4.1.1. Drug screening
    • 4.1.2. Regenerative medicine
    • 4.1.3. Tissue replacement (avascular)
    • 4.1.4. Tissue replacement (vascular)
  • 4.2. Dental
  • 4.3. Consumer/personal product testing
  • 4.4. Biosensors
  • 4.5. Food and animal product bioprinting
  • 4.6. Bioinks
    • 4.6.1. Cells
    • 4.6.2. Growth factors/proteins
    • 4.6.3. Support material

5. MARKETS

  • 5.1. Market structure and key players
  • 5.2. Value chain
  • 5.3. Market barriers
  • 5.4. Benefits

6. ROADMAP AND FORECASTS

7. COMPANY INTERVIEWS

  • 7.1. Biobots
  • 7.2. Digilab Inc
  • 7.3. Dyson
  • 7.4. EFESTO LLC
  • 7.5. EPSRC
  • 7.6. Fraunhofer Additive Manufacturing Alliance
  • 7.7. Fripp Design Ltd
  • 7.8. MicroFab Technologies Inc
  • 7.9. n3D Biosciences, Inc
  • 7.10. nScrypt Inc
  • 7.11. Organovo
  • 7.12. regenHU Ltd
  • 7.13. TeVido Biodevices
  • 7.14. Viridis 3D

IDTECHEX RESEARCH REPORTS AND CONSULTANCY

TABLES

  • 3.1. Comparison of 3D bioprinting technology specifications
  • 5.1. Incomes
  • 5.2. Cost of replacing a human kidney
  • 5.3. The benefits of 3D bioprinting
  • 6.1. Addressable markets with market value for 3D bioprinting
  • 6.2. Possible further opportunities for 3D bioprinting
  • 6.3. Compound annual growth rates under multiple scenarios for diffusion

FIGURES

  • 1.1. 3D bioprinting forecast scenarios to 2024
  • 1.2. The widening gap in transplant demand and supply
  • 1.3. A roadmap for 3D bioprinting
  • 2.1. 2D (left) vs. 3D (right) cultured cells
  • 2.2. Scaffold built human bladders
  • 2.3. Schematic of the 3D bioprinting process
  • 2.4. Timeline for medical applications of 3D bioprinting
  • 2.5. Organovo 3D bioprinter
  • 3.1. 3D inkjet bioprinting
  • 3.2. SWOT analysis for inkjet printing
  • 3.3. Extrusion based bioprinting
  • 3.4. SWOT analysis for extrusion/syringe based bioprinting
  • 3.5. Magnetic levitation bioprinting
  • 3.6. Magnetic levitation
  • 3.7. SWOT analysis for magnetic levitation based bioprinting
  • 3.8. Laser guided (left) and laser induced (right) bioprinting
  • 3.9. SWOT analysis for laser-assisted bioprinting
  • 3.10. SWOT analysis for valve-based bioprinting
  • 4.1. Pipeline for drug discovery
  • 4.2. Lung-on-a-chip (top) and gut-on-a-chip (bottom)
  • 4.3. Human organ vascular network
  • 4.4. Section of human skin
  • 4.5. 3D bioprinted skin
  • 4.6. The Dermal Repair Construct Printer
  • 4.7. In situ bioprinting device
  • 4.8. The BioPen
  • 4.9. 3D bioprinted IVD (right)
  • 4.10. 3D bioprinted heart valve
  • 4.11. Human organ bioprinting (illustration only)
  • 4.12. Illustration of a kidney vascular tree
  • 4.13. 3D bioprinted living tooth
  • 4.14. 3D bioprinted sensors
  • 4.15. The Algaerium bioprinter
  • 4.16. Growth factor mechanism
  • 5.1. Number of 3D bioprinting companies as a function of time
  • 5.2. 3D bioprinting company activities
  • 5.3. Technologies employed by commercial organisations
  • 5.4. Summary of product offerings of 3D bioprinting companies
  • 5.5. Patent activity of 3D bioprinting companies
  • 5.6. 3D bioprinting value chain
  • 6.1. Roadmap for 3D bioprinting
  • 6.2. Market forecasts for 3D bioprinting to 2024
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