お知らせ :東京証券取引所JASDAQスタンダード市場への新規上場に関するお知らせ
株式会社グローバルインフォメーション
表紙:アイスクリーム市場:世界の業界動向、シェア、規模、成長、機会、予測(2021~2026年)
市場調査レポート
商品コード
999891

アイスクリーム市場:世界の業界動向、シェア、規模、成長、機会、予測(2021~2026年)

Ice Cream Market: Global Industry Trends, Share, Size, Growth, Opportunity and Forecast 2021-2026

出版日: | 発行: IMARC Services Private Limited | ページ情報: 英文 131 Pages | 納期: 2-3営業日

価格
価格表記: USDを日本円(税抜)に換算
本日の銀行送金レート: 1USD=110.15円
アイスクリーム市場:世界の業界動向、シェア、規模、成長、機会、予測(2021~2026年)
出版日: 2021年04月12日
発行: IMARC Services Private Limited
ページ情報: 英文 131 Pages
納期: 2-3営業日
  • 全表示
  • 概要
  • 図表
  • 目次
概要

世界のアイスクリームの市場規模は2020年に658億米ドルに達しました。アイスクリームは、ミルク、クリーム、人工または天然の香料を組み合わせて作られた甘い冷凍デザートです。フローズンカスタードやフレンチアイスクリームなどのバリエーションも、主な材料の1つとして卵を使用しています。アイスクリームは、炭水化物、カルシウム、リン、チアミン、リボフラビン、ナイアシン、葉酸、ビタミンA、C、D、E、K、B-6、B-12の豊富な供給源です。市場には数多くのフレーバーがあり、その中で最も人気があるのはストロベリー、チョコレート、バニラです。アイスクリームは、最も古いデザートの1つで、メリーランド州ボルチモアに最初の大規模な製造工場が設立された1850年代初頭にさかのぼります。それ以来、ロジスティクスと生産プロセスの急速な進歩により、メーカーはほぼすべてのレストラン、スーパーマーケット、コーナーストアでアイスクリームを提供できるようになりました。

過去数年間、健康への意識の高まりと知識の向上により、消費者は珍しい有機成分を配合した高級な御馳走にシフトしています。さらに、世界中のいくつかの統治機関が、アイスクリームの表示、成分、製造に関する新しい規制を発行しています。たとえば、インドの食品安全基準局(FSSAI)は、2020年に冷凍デザートのラベル表示要件を導入することを計画しています。この基準では、食品事業者(FBO)が植物性タンパク質または植物性脂肪/油の割合を目立つようにラベルに表示することを求めています。また、急速な都市化により、百貨店、大型スーパーマーケット、スーパーマーケット、コンビニエンスストアなどの近代的な小売形態が拡大し、売上高の増加に貢献しています。さらに、アイスクリーム消費は大きく拡大しており、可処分所得の増加と消費者の購買力の向上により、インドや中国などの新興地域での一人当たりの消費が拡大しています。世界のアイスクリーム市場は今後5年間で緩やかな成長を示すと予測されています。

当レポートでは、アイスクリーム市場について調査し、市場の概要とともに、フレーバー別、カテゴリー別、製品別、流通チャネル別、地域別の動向、および市場に参入する企業のプロファイルなどを提供しています。

目次

第1章 序文

第2章 範囲と調査手法

第3章 エグゼクティブサマリー

第4章 イントロダクション

第5章 世界のアイスクリーム業界

  • 市場概要
  • 市場パフォーマンス
    • ボリューム動向
    • 価値の動向
  • COVID-19の影響
  • 価格分析
    • 主要な価格指標
    • 価格構造
    • 価格動向
  • フレーバー別の市場セグメンテーション
  • カテゴリー別の市場セグメンテーション
  • 製品別の市場セグメンテーション
  • 流通チャネル別の市場セグメンテーション
  • 地域別の市場セグメンテーション
  • SWOT分析
    • 概要
    • 強み
    • 弱点
    • 市場機会
    • 脅威
  • バリューチェーン分析
    • 原材料調達
    • 製造
    • マーケティング
    • 流通
    • 輸出
    • 最終用途
  • ポーターのファイブフォース分析
    • 概要
    • 買い手の交渉力
    • 供給企業の交渉力
    • 競合
    • 新規参入業者の脅威
    • 代替品の脅威
  • 主な成功要因とリスク要因

第6章 市場セグメンテーション、フレーバー別

  • チョコレート
  • フルーツ
  • バニラ
  • その他

第7章 市場セグメンテーション、カテゴリー別

  • インパルスアイスクリーム
  • 持ち帰り用アイスクリーム
  • 技巧的アイスクリーム

第8章 市場セグメンテーション、製品別

  • カップ
  • スティック
  • コーン
  • ブロック
  • タブ
  • その他

第9章 市場セグメンテーション、流通チャネル別

  • スーパーマーケット/ハイパーマーケット
  • コンビニエンスストア
  • アイスクリームパーラー
  • オンラインストア
  • その他

第10章 市場セグメンテーション、地域別

  • アジア太平洋
  • 北米
  • 欧州
  • ラテンアメリカ
  • 中東とアフリカ

第11章 競合情勢

  • 市場構造
  • キープレーヤー

第12章 アイスクリームの製造プロセス

  • 製品の概要
  • 詳細なプロセスフロー
  • 関係するさまざまな種類の単位操作
  • 物質収支と原材料の要件

第13章 プロジェクトの詳細、要件、および関連するコスト

  • 土地の要件と支出
  • 建設要件と支出
  • 工場設備
  • 機械の写真
  • 原材料の要件と支出
  • 原材料と最終製品の写真
  • 梱包要件と支出
  • 輸送要件と支出
  • ユーティリティの要件と支出
  • マンパワー要件と支出
  • その他の設備投資

第14章 ローンと財政支援

第15章 プロジェクトの経済学

  • プロジェクトの資本コスト
  • 技術経済パラメータ
  • サプライチェーンのさまざまなレベルにわたる製品の価格設定とマージン
  • 課税と減価償却
  • 収入予測
  • 支出予測
  • 財務分析
  • 利益分析

第16章 主要なプレーヤーのプロファイル

図表

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: Global: Ice Cream Market: Major Drivers and Challenges
  • Figure 2: Global: Ice Cream Market: Volume Trends (in Million Tons), 2015-2020
  • Figure 3: Global: Ice Cream Market: Value Trends (in Billion US$), 2015-2020
  • Figure 4: Global: Ice Cream Market: Average Price Trends (in US$/Litre), 2015-2020
  • Figure 5: Ice Cream Market: Price Structure (in US$/Litre)
  • Figure 6: Global: Ice Cream Market: Breakup by Region (in %), 2020
  • Figure 7: Global: Ice Cream Market: Breakup by Flavor (in %), 2020
  • Figure 8: Global: Ice Cream Market: Breakup by Category (in %), 2020
  • Figure 9: Global: Ice Cream Market: Breakup by Product (in %), 2020
  • Figure 10: Global: Ice Cream Market: Breakup by Distribution Channel (in %), 2020
  • Figure 11: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Volume Trends (in Million Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 12: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Value Trends (in Billion US$), 2021-2026
  • Figure 13: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Average Price Trends (in US$/Litre), 2021-2026
  • Figure 14: Global: Ice Cream Industry: SWOT Analysis
  • Figure 15: Global: Ice Cream Industry: Value Chain Analysis
  • Figure 16: Global: Ice Cream Industry: Porter's Five Forces Analysis
  • Figure 17: Asia-Pacific: Ice Cream Market: Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 18: Asia-Pacific: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 19: North America: Ice Cream Market: Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 20: North America: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 21: Europe: Ice Cream Market: Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 22: Europe: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 23: Latin America: Ice Cream Market: Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 24: Latin America: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 25: Middle East and Africa: Ice Cream Market: Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 26: Middle East and Africa: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 27: Global: Ice Cream Market (Chocolate Flavor): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 28: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast (Chocolate Flavor): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 29: Global: Ice Cream Market (Fruit Flavor): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 30: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast (Fruit Flavor): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 31: Global: Ice Cream Market (Vanilla Flavor): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 32: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast (Vanilla Flavor): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 33: Global: Ice Cream Market (Other Flavors): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 34: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast (Other Flavors): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 35: Global: Impulse Ice Cream Market: Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 36: Global: Impulse Ice Cream Market Forecast: Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 37: Global: Take-Home Ice Cream Market: Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 38: Global: Take-Home Ice Cream Market Forecast: Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 39: Global: Artisanal Ice Cream Market: Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 40: Global: Artisanal Ice Cream Market Forecast: Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 41: Global: Ice Cream Market (Cup): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 42: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast (Cup): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 43: Global: Ice Cream Market (Stick): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 44: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast (Stick): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 45: Global: Ice Cream Market (Cone): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 46: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast (Cone): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 47: Global: Ice Cream Market (Brick): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 48: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast (Brick): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 49: Global: Ice Cream Market (Tub): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 50: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast (Tub): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 51: Global: Ice Cream Market (Other Types): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 52: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast (Other Types): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 53: Global: Ice Cream Market: Sales through Supermarkets/Hypermarkets (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 54: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Sales through Supermarkets/Hypermarkets (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 55: Global: Ice Cream Market: Sales through Convenience stores (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 56: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Sales through Convenience stores (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 57: Global: Ice Cream Market: Sales through Ice Cream Parlours (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 58: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Sales through Ice Cream Parlours (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 59: Global: Ice Cream Market: Online Stores (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 60: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Online Stores (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 61: Global: Ice Cream Market: Sales through Other Distribution Channels (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 62: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Sales through Other Distribution Channels (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 63: Ice Cream Manufacturing Plant: Detailed Process Flow
  • Figure 64: Ice Cream Manufacturing Process: Conversion Rate of Products
  • Figure 65: Ice Cream Manufacturing Plant: Breakup of Capital Costs (in %)
  • Figure 66: Ice Cream Industry: Profit Margins at Various Levels of the Supply Chain
  • Figure 67: Ice Cream Production: Manufacturing Cost Breakup (in %)

List of Tables

  • Table 1: Global: Ice Cream Market: Key Industry Highlights, 2020 and 2026
  • Table 2: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Breakup by Flavor (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Table 3: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Breakup by Category (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Table 4: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Breakup by Product (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Table 5: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Breakup by Distribution Channel (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Table 6: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Breakup by Region (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Table 7: Global: Ice Cream Market: Competitive Structure
  • Table 8: Global: Overview of Top Ice Cream Manufacturers
  • Table 9: Typical Composition of Ice Cream
  • Table 10: Ice Cream Manufacturing Plant: Costs Related to Land and Site Development (in US$)
  • Table 11: Ice Cream Manufacturing Plant: Costs Related to Civil Works (in US$)
  • Table 12: Ice Cream Manufacturing Plant: Costs Related to Machinery (in US$)
  • Table 13: Ice Cream Manufacturing Plant: Raw Material Requirements (Tons/Day) and Expenditures (US$/Ton)
  • Table 14: Ice Cream Manufacturing Plant: Costs Related to Salaries and Wages (in US$)
  • Table 15: Ice Cream Manufacturing Plant: Costs Related to Other Capital Investments (in US$)
  • Table 16: Details of Financial Assistance Offered by Financial Institutions
  • Table 17: Ice Cream Manufacturing Plant: Capital Costs (in US$)
  • Table 18: Ice Cream Manufacturing Plant: Techno-Economic Parameters
  • Table 19: Ice Cream Manufacturing Plant: Taxation and Depreciation (in US$)
  • Table 20: Ice Cream Manufacturing Plant: Income Projections (in US$)
  • Table 21: Ice Cream Manufacturing Plant: Expenditure Projections (in US$)
  • Table 22: Ice Cream Manufacturing Plant: Cash Flow Analysis Without Considering the Income Tax Liability (in US$)
  • Table 23: Ice Cream Manufacturing Plant: Cash Flow Analysis on Considering the Income Tax Liability (in US$)
  • Table 24: Ice Cream Manufacturing Plant: Profit and Loss Account (in US$)
目次
Product Code: SR1020B277_Report

The global ice cream market reached a value of US$ 65.8 Billion in 2020. Ice cream is a sweet, frozen dessert made from a combination of milk, cream and artificial or natural flavorings. Some variants like frozen custard and French ice creams also use egg as one of the main ingredients. Ice cream is a rich source of carbohydrates, calcium, phosphorus, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin and folate, as well as vitamins A, C, D, E, K, B-6 and B-12. There are numerous flavors available in the market amongst which the most popular are strawberry, chocolate, and vanilla. Ice cream is one of the oldest desserts with its commercial production dating back to the early 1850s, when the first large-scale manufacturing plant was established in Baltimore, Maryland. Since then, rapid advancements in logistics and production processes have enabled manufacturers to offer ice cream through nearly every restaurant, supermarket and corner store.

Over the past few years, rising health consciousness and better knowledge have led consumers to shift toward upmarket treats, which are formulated with unusual and organic ingredients. Besides, several governing bodies across the globe are issuing new regulations pertaining to the labeling, ingredients and manufacturing of ice cream. For instance, the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is planning to introduce labeling requirements for frozen desserts in 2020. The norms will require Food Business Operators (FBOs) to prominently mention the percentage amount of vegetable proteins or vegetable fat/oil on the label. Apart from this, rapid urbanization has led to an expansion in modern retail formats such as departmental stores, hypermarkets, supermarkets and convenience stores, which is contributing to an increase in sales. Moreover, owing to the income elastic nature of ice cream consumption, rising disposable incomes and the improving purchasing power of consumers are escalating its per capita consumption in emerging regions like India and China. Looking forward, IMARC Group expects the global ice cream market to exhibit moderate growth during the next five years.

Breakup by Flavor:

  • Vanilla
  • Chocolate
  • Fruit
  • Others
  • Currently, vanilla is mostly preferred by consumers as it is used in the preparation of several other desserts.

Breakup by Category:

  • Impulse
  • Take-Home
  • Artisanal
  • Amongst the categories mentioned above, impulse ice cream is expected to maintain its dominant position during the forecast period.

Breakup by Product:

  • Cup
  • Stick
  • Cone
  • Brick
  • Tub
  • Others
  • At present, the majority of consumers prefer purchasing ice cream cups.

Breakup by Distribution Channel:

  • Supermarkets/Hypermarkets
  • Convenience Stores
  • Ice Cream Parlors
  • Online Stores
  • Others
  • Supermarkets and hypermarkets represent the most popular distribution channel as they offer a wide collection of brands and flavors to the consumers.

Regional Insights:

  • Asia Pacific
  • North America
  • Europe
  • Latin America
  • Middle East and Africa
  • Asia Pacific presently accounts for the majority of the market share, on account of improvements in cold chain facilities which have improved the availability of ice cream in rural areas as well.

Key Questions Answered in This Report:

  • 1. What was the global ice cream market size in 2020?
  • 2. What will be the global ice cream market outlook during the forecast period (2021-2026)?
  • 3. What are the global ice cream market drivers?
  • 4. What are the major trends in the global ice cream market?
  • 5. What is the impact of COVID-19 on the global ice cream market?
  • 6. What is the global ice cream market breakup by flavor?
  • 7. What is the global ice cream market breakup by category?
  • 8. What is the global ice cream market breakup by product?
  • 9. What is the global ice cream market breakup by distribution channel?
  • 10. What are the major regions in the global ice cream market?

Table of Contents

1 Preface

2 Scope and Methodology

  • 2.1 Objectives of the Study
  • 2.2 Stakeholders
  • 2.3 Data Sources
    • 2.3.1 Primary Sources
    • 2.3.2 Secondary Sources
  • 2.4 Market Estimation
    • 2.4.1 Bottom-Up Approach
    • 2.4.2 Top-Down Approach
  • 2.5 Forecasting Methodology

3 Executive Summary

4 Introduction

  • 4.1 Overview
  • 4.2 Key Industry Trends

5 Global Ice Cream Industry

  • 5.1 Market Overview
  • 5.2 Market Performance
    • 5.2.1 Volume Trends
    • 5.2.2 Value Trends
  • 5.3 Impact of COVID-19
  • 5.4 Price Analysis
    • 5.4.1 Key Price Indicators
    • 5.4.2 Price Structure
    • 5.4.3 Price Trends
  • 5.5 Market Breakup by Flavor
  • 5.6 Market Breakup by Category
  • 5.7 Market Breakup by Product
  • 5.8 Market Breakup by Distribution Channel
  • 5.9 Market Breakup by Region
  • 5.10 Market Forecast
  • 5.11 SWOT Analysis
    • 5.11.1 Overview
    • 5.11.2 Strengths
    • 5.11.3 Weaknesses
    • 5.11.4 Opportunities
    • 5.11.5 Threats
  • 5.12 Value Chain Analysis
    • 5.12.1 Raw Material Procurement
    • 5.12.2 Manufacturing
    • 5.12.3 Marketing
    • 5.12.4 Distribution
    • 5.12.5 Exports
    • 5.12.6 End-Use
  • 5.13 Porter's Five Forces Analysis
    • 5.13.1 Overview
    • 5.13.2 Bargaining Power of Buyers
    • 5.13.3 Bargaining Power of Suppliers
    • 5.13.4 Degree of Competition
    • 5.13.5 Threat of New Entrants
    • 5.13.6 Threat of Substitutes
  • 5.14 Key Success Factors and Risk Factors

6 Market Breakup by Flavor

  • 6.1 Chocolate
    • 6.1.1 Market Trends
    • 6.1.2 Market Forecast
  • 6.2 Fruit
    • 6.2.1 Market Trends
    • 6.2.2 Market Forecast
  • 6.3 Vanilla
    • 6.3.1 Market Trends
    • 6.3.2 Market Forecast
  • 6.4 Others
    • 6.4.1 Market Trends
    • 6.4.2 Market Forecast

7 Market Breakup by Category

  • 7.1 Impulse Ice Cream
    • 7.1.1 Market Trends
    • 7.1.2 Market Forecast
  • 7.2 Take-Home Ice Cream
    • 7.2.1 Market Trends
    • 7.2.2 Market Forecast
  • 7.3 Artisanal Ice Cream
    • 7.3.1 Market Trends
    • 7.3.2 Market Forecast

8 Market Breakup by Product

  • 8.1 Cup
    • 8.1.1 Market Trends
    • 8.1.2 Market Forecast
  • 8.2 Stick
    • 8.2.1 Market Trends
    • 8.2.2 Market Forecast
  • 8.3 Cone
    • 8.3.1 Market Trends
    • 8.3.2 Market Forecast
  • 8.4 Brick
    • 8.4.1 Market Trends
    • 8.4.2 Market Forecast
  • 8.5 Tub
    • 8.5.1 Market Trends
    • 8.5.2 Market Forecast
  • 8.6 Others
    • 8.6.1 Market Trends
    • 8.6.2 Market Forecast

9 Market Breakup by Distribution Channel

  • 9.1 Supermarkets/Hypermarkets
    • 9.1.1 Market Trends
    • 9.1.2 Market Forecast
  • 9.2 Convenience stores
    • 9.2.1 Market Trends
    • 9.2.2 Market Forecast
  • 9.3 Ice cream Parlours
    • 9.3.1 Market Trends
    • 9.3.2 Market Forecast
  • 9.4 Online Stores
    • 9.4.1 Market Trends
    • 9.4.2 Market Forecast
  • 9.5 Others
    • 9.5.1 Market Trends
    • 9.5.2 Market Forecast

10 Market Breakup by Region

  • 10.1 Asia-Pacific
    • 10.1.1 Market Trends
    • 10.1.2 Market Forecast
  • 10.2 North America
    • 10.2.1 Market Trends
    • 10.2.2 Market Forecast
  • 10.3 Europe
    • 10.3.1 Market Trends
    • 10.3.2 Market Forecast
  • 10.4 Latin America
    • 10.4.1 Market Trends
    • 10.4.2 Market Forecast
  • 10.5 Middle East and Africa
    • 10.5.1 Market Trends
    • 10.5.2 Market Forecast

11 Competitive Landscape

  • 11.1 Market Structure
  • 11.2 Key Players

12 Ice Cream Manufacturing Process

  • 12.1 Product Overview
  • 12.2 Detailed Process Flow
  • 12.3 Various Types of Unit Operations Involved
  • 12.4 Mass Balance and Raw Material Requirements

13 Project Details, Requirements and Costs Involved

  • 13.1 Land Requirements and Expenditures
  • 13.2 Construction Requirements and Expenditures
  • 13.3 Plant Machinery
  • 13.4 Machinery Pictures
  • 13.5 Raw Material Requirements and Expenditures
  • 13.6 Raw Material and Final Product Pictures
  • 13.7 Packaging Requirements and Expenditures
  • 13.8 Transportation Requirements and Expenditures
  • 13.9 Utility Requirements and Expenditures
  • 13.10 Manpower Requirements and Expenditures
  • 13.11 Other Capital Investments

14 Loans and Financial Assistance

15 Project Economics

  • 15.1 Capital Cost of the Project
  • 15.2 Techno-Economic Parameters
  • 15.3 Product Pricing and Margins Across Various Levels of the Supply Chain
  • 15.4 Taxation and Depreciation
  • 15.5 Income Projections
  • 15.6 Expenditure Projections
  • 15.7 Financial Analysis
  • 15.8 Profit Analysis

16 Key Player Profiles

株式会社グローバルインフォメーション
© Copyright 1996-2021, Global Information, Inc. All rights reserved.