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市場調査レポート

小売における1兆1千億ドルの在庫の歪み問題

We Lost Australia! Retail's $1.1 Trillion Inventory Distortion Problem

発行 IHL Group 商品コード 341232
出版日 ページ情報 英文
納期: 即日から翌営業日
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小売における1兆1千億ドルの在庫の歪み問題 We Lost Australia! Retail's $1.1 Trillion Inventory Distortion Problem
出版日: 2015年06月08日 ページ情報: 英文
概要

世界の小売業者における在庫の歪みコストは、ほぼ1兆1千億ドルになります。この問題が完全に解決されれば、店舗の売上高は7.5%増加する可能性があります。

当レポートでは、世界における在庫の歪み (在庫切れ・在庫過剰) について取り上げ、地域別の現状について検証して、体系的な情報を提供しています。

第1章 イントロダクション

第2章 世界

  • 小売における在庫の歪み
  • 世界の在庫切れ
  • 世界の過剰在庫

第3章 北米

  • 在庫の歪み
  • 地域別の小売問題
  • 小売セグメント

第4章 欧州・中東・アフリカ

  • 在庫の歪み
  • 地域別の小売問題
  • 小売セグメント

第5章 アジア太平洋地域

  • 在庫の歪み
  • 地域別の小売問題
  • 小売セグメント

第6章 ラテンアメリカ

  • 在庫の歪み
  • 地域別の小売問題
  • 小売セグメント

第7章 参考文献

図表

目次

OVERVIEW

Building upon previous research from IHL, this research study looks at the true cost of Inventory Distortion (Out-of-Stocks and Overstocks) to retailers worldwide. Beyond just looking at empty shelves or the discount rack, this report brings clarity on the size of the problem that heretofore had been missing in the industry.

Retailers historically rely upon their IT systems to tell them what their Out-of-Stock levels are. While this might be a satisfactory solution for the enterprise as a whole, it does not take into account the realities faced by retailers and consumers at the store level. A retailer's systems may cite a 6% Out-of-Stock level, but the consumer, having been in three of their stores before finding the item, sees an Out-of-Stock level that is often 3 or 4 times this figure. The difference is retail execution, ie, having the product available and accessible at the point of decision when the consumer wants to buy it. Anything else is a missed opportunity.

Likewise, for their Overstocks, retailers tend to rely upon their IT systems, which can provide a very different view from what the store manager or consumer is experiencing. The big issue here, however, is that the cost of those goods are lost forever; they provide a severely red contribution to the bottom line for these retailers.

The regions and retail segments addressed in this study can be found at the FAQ tab. For an outline and sample pages, see the Preview tab.

The report is designed for use by Retailers, Software and Service Providers and others who might have a vested interest in the merchandising problems found in retailers worldwide.

In total, Inventory Distortion costs retailers collectively nearly $1.1 Trillion globally. Or put another way, same store sales could increase 7.5% if this problem was completely fixed.

Some Key Highlights include the following:

  • Inventory Distortion costs retailers nearly $158 for every man, woman, and child on the planet.
  • Over $252.3B a year is the cost of Inventory Distortion in North America, an amount the equivalent of the annual revenues of Kroger, Home Depot and Target combined.
  • The Asia/Pacific region contributes 39% of all inventory distortion.

HIGHLIGHTS

An Out-of-Stock is a lot more than just an empty shelf. In the mind of the consumer, an Out-of-Stock occurs any time they come into the store ready to buy, but leave without purchasing an item for a reason other than it is priced less elsewhere.

Here are some of the Out-of-Stock problems noted by consumers:

  • Empty Shelf
  • Product locked up or on too high a shelf and no one to help
  • Found someone to help, but they can't find merchandise the system says is in-stock.
  • Price on the shelf doesn't match the price online or in the ad
  • Some other reason not related to price.

An Overstock, on the other hand, is any situation wherein a retailer has on hand more stock of a particular item than is supported by current demand for that item. The two main resolutions for these Overstocks are discounting and spoilage, one of which must take place to reduce that Overstock.

Both Out-of-Stocks and Overstocks are a problem with execution, with the result being either a sale lost to that retailer's competitor (in the case of an Out-of-Stock), or a hit to the retailer's bottom line (in the case of an Overstock).

SAMPLE

Total Cost of Markdowns/Overstocks by Cause - EMEA
($USD Billions)

                        © Copyright 2015 IHL Group.

Table of Contents

Summary of Findings

1.0. Introduction

  • Introduction/Background and Objectives
  • Out-of-Stocks Defined
  • Overstocks Defined
  • Inventory Distortion Defined
  • Methodology
  • Limitations of This Study

2.0. Worldwide Numbers

  • 2.1. Worldwide Retail Inventory Distortion
  • 2.2. Worldwide Out-of-Stocks
  • 2.3. Worldwide Overstocks

3.0. North America

  • 3.1. Inventory Distortion
  • 3.2. Regional Retail Issues That Impact Inventory Distortion
  • 3.3. Retail Segments

4.0. EMEA

  • 4.1. Inventory Distortion
  • 4.2. Regional Retail Issues That Impact Inventory Distortion
  • 4.3. Retail Segments

5.0. Asia/Pacific

  • 5.1. Inventory Distortion
  • 5.2. Regional Retail Issues That Impact Inventory Distortion
  • 5.3. Retail Segments

6.0. Latin America

  • 6.1. Inventory Distortion
  • 6.2. Regional Retail Issues That Impact Inventory Distortion
  • 6.3. Retail Segments

7.0. References

List of Figures

  • Figure 1 - 2010 Worldwide Retail Inventory Distortion
  • Figure 2 - Worldwide Inventory Distortion by Region
  • Figure 3 - Worldwide Retail Out-of-Stocks by Region
  • Figure 4 - Worldwide Retail Out-of-Stocks by Segment
  • Figure 5 - Worldwide Retail Overstocks by Region
  • Figure 6 - Worldwide Retail Overstocks by Segment
  • Figure 7 - North American Inventory Distortion
  • Figure 8 - North American Out-of-Stocks by Segment
  • Figure 9 - North American Overstocks by Segment
  • Figure 10 - North American Food/Grocery Inventory Distortion
  • Figure 11 - Food/Grocery Out-of-Stocks
  • Figure 12 - Food/Grocery Overstocks
  • Figure 13 - North American Drug Store Inventory Distortion
  • Figure 14 - Drug Store Out-of-Stocks
  • Figure 15 - Drug Store Overstocks
  • Figure 16 - North American Hypermarket/MM Inventory Distortion
  • Figure 17 - Hypermarket/MM Out-of-Stocks
  • Figure 18 - Hypermarket/MM Overstocks
  • Figure 19 - North American Department Store Inventory Distortion
  • Figure 20 - Department Store Out-of-Stocks
  • Figure 21 - Department Store Overstocks
  • Figure 22 - North American Specialty Softgoods Inventory Distortion
  • Figure 23 - Specialty Softgoods Out-of-Stocks
  • Figure 24 - Specialty Softgoods Overstocks
  • Figure 25 - North American Specialty Hardgoods Inventory Distortion
  • Figure 26 - Specialty Hardgoods Out-of-Stocks
  • Figure 27 - Specialty Hardgoods Overstocks
  • Figure 28 - EMEA Inventory Distortion
  • Figure 29 - EMEA Out-of-Stocks by Segment
  • Figure 30 - EMEA Overstocks by Segment
  • Figure 31 - EMEA Food/Grocery Inventory Distortion
  • Figure 32 - Food/Grocery Out-of-Stocks
  • Figure 33 - Food/Grocery Overstocks
  • Figure 34 - EMEA Drug Store Inventory Distortion
  • Figure 35 - Drug Store Out-of-Stocks
  • Figure 36 - Drug Store Overstocks
  • Figure 37 - EMEA Hypermarket/MM Inventory Distortion
  • Figure 38 - Hypermarket/MM Out-of-Stocks
  • Figure 39 - Hypermarket/MM Overstocks
  • Figure 40 - EMEA Department Store Inventory Distortion
  • Figure 41 - Department Store Out-of-Stocks
  • Figure 42 - Department Store Overstocks
  • Figure 43 - EMEA Specialty Softgoods Inventory Distortion
  • Figure 44 - Specialty Softgoods Out-of-Stocks
  • Figure 45 - Specialty Softgoods Overstocks
  • Figure 46 - EMEA Specialty Hardgoods Inventory Distortion
  • Figure 47 - Specialty Hardgoods Out-of-Stocks
  • Figure 48 - Specialty Hardgoods Overstocks
  • Figure 49 - APAC Inventory Distortion
  • Figure 50 - APAC Out-of-Stocks by Segment
  • Figure 51 - APAC Overstocks by Segment
  • Figure 52 - APAC Food/Grocery Inventory Distortion
  • Figure 53 - Food/Grocery Out-of-Stocks
  • Figure 54 - Food/Grocery Overstocks
  • Figure 55 - APAC Drug Store Inventory Distortion
  • Figure 56 - Drug Store Out-of-Stocks
  • Figure 57 - Drug Store Overstocks
  • Figure 58 - APAC Hypermarket/MM Inventory Distortion
  • Figure 59 - Hypermarket/MM Out-of-Stocks
  • Figure 60 - Hypermarket/MM Overstocks
  • Figure 61 - APAC Department Store Inventory Distortion
  • Figure 62 - Department Store Out-of-Stocks
  • Figure 63 - Department Store Overstocks
  • Figure 64 - APAC Specialty Softgoods Inventory Distortion
  • Figure 65 - Specialty Softgoods Out-of-Stocks
  • Figure 66 - Specialty Softgoods Overstocks
  • Figure 67 - APAC Specialty Hardgoods Inventory Distortion
  • Figure 68 - Specialty Hardgoods Out-of-Stocks
  • Figure 69 - Specialty Hardgoods Overstocks
  • Figure 70 - LATAM Inventory Distortion
  • Figure 71 - LATAM Out-of-Stocks by Segment
  • Figure 72 - LATAM Overstocks by Segment
  • Figure 73 - LATAM Food/Grocery Inventory Distortion
  • Figure 74 - Food/Grocery Out-of-Stocks
  • Figure 75 - Food/Grocery Overstocks
  • Figure 76 - LATAM Drug Store Inventory Distortion
  • Figure 77 - Drug Store Out-of-Stocks
  • Figure 78 - Drug Store Overstocks
  • Figure 79 - LATAM Hypermarket/MM Inventory Distortion
  • Figure 80 - Hypermarket/MM Out-of-Stocks
  • Figure 81 - Hypermarket/MM Overstocks
  • Figure 82 - LATAM Department Store Inventory Distortion
  • Figure 83 - Department Store Out-of-Stocks
  • Figure 84 - Department Store Overstocks
  • Figure 85 - LATAM Specialty Softgoods Inventory Distortion
  • Figure 86 - Specialty Softgoods Out-of-Stocks
  • Figure 87 - Specialty Softgoods Overstocks
  • Figure 88 - LATAM Specialty Hardgoods Inventory Distortion
  • Figure 89 - Specialty Hardgoods Out-of-Stocks
  • Figure 90 - Specialty Hardgoods Overstocks
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