China's large population, rapidly-growing economy and high pollution levels make for a potential catastrophe and the Chinese government are taking this water crisis very seriously. Capital expenditure on the Chinese water and wastewater infrastructure already stands at a massive $31.2 billion and this is set to increase by 87% to $56.9 billion by 2018 - making China the largest market in the world.
There are huge opportunities in this market for companies that can establish and develop the right relationships. This report will highlight your potential partners and competitors and give you strong strategies for entering the supply chain. It pinpoints industrial wastewater treatment as the area with the biggest prospects for international players and will show you the trends that will create the best opportunities for your business.
This water market insight report is absolutely essential for anyone who wants to break into the Chinese water market or increase their market share. It analyses the water market in great depth, evaluates procurement models and supply chains and gives you a full guide to the stringent regulations in this market, so you know exactly how to do business in this country.
A full list of Chinese water utilities will help you turn this analysis of the opportunities in the water market in China into concrete sales leads.
Market drivers and opportunities
The municipal market in China is beginning to slow whilst the industrial wastewater market is becoming increasingly attractive, especially for foreign players. However, both sectors still offer huge opportunities for the water sectors. We explore the opportunities in both sectors and show you how the shift towards advanced technologies in the industrial market is creating the best opportunities for foreign companies.
The water market in China has historically been a more difficult market for international players, but we can give you strategies to help you compete in this sector.
Municipal water and wastewater investment
There will be further major investment in this area. From new wastewater treatments plants to seawater desalination, we show you how the municipal market will develop over the next few years. The report analyses the opportunities for international players to get involved in the municipal market, so you can decide if this sector holds any prospects for your business.
Industrial water demand is set to double over the next 20 years and industrial water holds huge opportunities for international players to break into the Chinese market. We show you how:
- Advanced wastewater treatment technologies - new regulations in response to the increased demand for industrial water are creating new opportunities for advanced wastewater treatment technologies. A lack of local expertise in these technologies is creating big opportunities for international players - we show you how to overcome potential obstacles and how to position your business in the market for the best chance of success.
Accessing the market
Entering the Chinese market will require a robust strategy - navigating and maintaining relationships is crucial for any company wishing to compete in this sector.
We pinpoint opportunities for market penetration, partnerships and show you where you can fit into the supply chain, offering you the best chance of success in this market. The opportunities are big, and this is your guide to success in this market.
By interviewing experts who have concrete experience in that country, we reveal how the market works in practice and give you strategies to successfully enter the supply chain, offering:
- Analysis of procurement processes and market penetration strategies
- Supply chain analysis
- A list of key water market players and who your potential partners or competitors will be
- Possible ways to enter the supply chain alongside the dominant market players
This report looks at the regulations in place, compliance and enforcement so you can see how they will affect your business decisions and opportunities in this market.
This chapter includes:
- Regulatory framework for drinking water, wastewater discharge and reuse
- Drinking water quality regulations
- Municipal and industrial wastewater quality regulations
- Water reuse regulations
- Implementation of regulations and compliance
- Water in industry
- Future regulatory scenario and conclusions
- List of laws, standards and policies - both in their native language and English, with internet links for easy location
A database of over 650 utilities in China
We have already highlighted that there are increasing opportunities for the private sector in China, and have given strategies for accessing these opportunities.
The final part of this report will allow you to follow up this advice with concrete sales leads and a deep understanding of each water utility and its service. We give you direct access to and contacts details for each utility and the decision maker where possible.
For each utility you will receive the following information:
- Utility name
- General email address
- Water services
- Wastewater services
- Drainage/stormwater service
- Other services
- Service area type
- Service area description
- Ownership type
- Name of the owner/contract operator
- Population served water (number)
- Population served wastewater (number)
- Water connections (number)
- Wastewater connections (number)
- Water pipe network (km)
- Wastewater pipe network (km)
- Name of Head of the organisation
- Job title
- Phone number
Forecasts and Datasets
Accompanying spreadsheets and datasets
The report is accompanied by two spreadsheets, which contain the market forecast and additional datasets.
The market forecast spreadsheet brings together the forecast information from the end of the market section of the report, so that you can manipulate the information.
The forecasts included are:
- Utility capital expenditure by spending area.
- Industrial capital expenditure by industry.
- Utility equipment capital expenditure by equipment line.
- Industrial equipment capital expenditure by equipment line.
- Utility water and wastewater operating expenditure.
- Utility and industrial expenditure on chemicals.
The datasets spreadsheet provides the following supplementary information to the report, as appropriate for the country.
- Water and wastewater indicators. A dataset that gives context to the report by quantifying the level of utility coverage. See the Indicators of utility service coverage section on the following page for full details.
- Water and wastewater utilities. A dataset of utilities that serve more then 50,000 people. Where available, data fields include state/region/province and city (where applicable), utility name, address, phone, website, general email address, water services, wastewater services, drainage / stormwater service, other services, service area type, service area description, ownership type , name of owner / contract operator (when there is private sector involvement), population served water, population served wastewater , water connections , wastewater connections , water pipe network length, wastewater pipe network length, head of organisation name, job title, email address and phone number.
- Private contracts. A dataset of awarded contracts with some degree of private sector participation. Where available, data fields include start year, end year, contract type (e.g. O&M), contract scope, contract name, private company, water population served, wastewater population served, water capacity, wastewater capacity, stake held by company, project type (e.g. BOT), contract length (years), contract value, expected cost, client.
- Drinking water regulations. Data tables of drinking water regulatory standards, including both the substance names from the original sources and standardised IUPAC names for ease of reference.
- Wastewater discharge regulations. Data tables of drinking water regulatory standards, including both the substance names from the original sources and standardised IUPAC names for ease of reference.
Table of Contents
- Accompanying spreadsheets and datasets
- Forecast categories
- Utility and industrial forecast category definitions
- Indicators of utility service coverage
- Indicators of water service coverage
- Indicators of wastewater service coverage
- Other market reports from Global Water Intelligence
- Country market reports
- Primary research reports
- Other reports
- Consulting services
1. China - Market
- 1.1. Overview of indicators
- Figure 1.1: Population projections, 2010-2020
- Figure 1.2: Economic indicators
- 1.2. Context and overview of challenges
- 1.3. Water sector organisation and structure
- Figure 1.3: China's government bodies performing water-related roles
- 1.3.1. Water and wastewater service providers
- Figure 1.4: Examples of large public and private water utilities by the size of population served in China
- 1.4. Government's water strategy
- 1.5. Water availability and demand
- 1.5.1. Water availability
- Figure 1.5: Annual water resources in China, 2008-2011
- Figure 1.6: Annual water withdrawal in China, 2007-2011
- 1.5.2. Sectoral water demand
- Figure 1.7: Annual water withdrawal by sector, 2007-2011
- 1.6. Municipal water and wastewater
- Figure 1.8: Water supply indicators
- Figure 1.9: Wastewater indicators
- 1.6.1. Water treatment
- Figure 1.10: Major WTPs by design capacity in China, 2012
- 1.6.2. Desalination
- Figure 1.11: Major desalination plants by design capacity in China, 2012
- 1.6.3. Wastewater treatment
- Figure 1.12: Major WWTPs by design capacity in China, 2012
- Figure 1.13: Wastewater treatment targets included in the 12 FYP, 2011-2015
- 1.6.4. Water reuse
- Figure 1.14: Water reuse projects by design capacity in China, 2012
- 1.7. Water finance
- 1.7.1. Funding sources
- 18.104.22.168. Tariffs
- Figure 1.15: Water tariffs of municipal utilities of the main cities in China, 2011-2012
- 1.7.2. Capital expenditure
- Figure 1.16: Total fixed assets investment plan of water sector, 2007-2011
- 1.7.3. Operating expenditure
- 1.7.4. Future investment
- 1.8. Private sector participation
- 1.8.1. Extent of PPP
- 1.8.2. Legal & policy framework
- 1.8.3. Role of foreign companies
- 1.9. Introduction to procurement in industrial projects
- 1.9.1. State-owned enterprises (SOEs)
- 22.214.171.124. The impact of SOEs on the water market
- 126.96.36.199. Relationship between SOEs and the government
- 1.9.2. Non-SOEs
- 1.9.3. State-linked water solution providers
- 1.9.4. Non-state-linked water solution providers
- 1.10. Procurement process for water and wastewater infrastructure
- 1.10.1. Project inception and specification
- 1.10.2. The tender process proper
- 1.10.3. Bid evaluation
- 1.10.4. Contractual/tariff negotiations
- 1.10.5. Local versus foreign players
- 1.10.6. Current procurement trends in China
- 1.11. Supply chain
- 1.11.1. Design institutes
- 1.11.2. Contractors
- 188.8.131.52. Relationship between contractors and suppliers
- 1.11.3. Equipment suppliers
- 1.12. Current and future key projects
- Figure 1.17: Current projects in China
- Figure 1.18: Future projects in China
- 1.13. Future market directions
- 1.13.1. Overview
- 1.13.2. Notes on the market forecast
- 1.14. Market forecast
- Figure 1.19: Market forecast, 2011-2018
- Figure 1.20: Market forecast breakdown, 2013
- Figure 1.21: Market forecast data, 2011-2018
- Figure 1.22: Industrial markets, 2013-2017
2. China - Regulations
- 2.1. Regulatory framework for drinking water, wastewater discharge and reuse
- 2.1.1. Main government bodies
- Figure 2.1: Departments under MEP relating specifically to water
- 2.1.2. Relevant legislation
- Figure 2.2: Laws that affect responsibilities of organisations involved in drinking water and wastewater discharge standards
- 2.2. Drinking water quality regulations
- 2.2.1. Drinking water quality standards
- Figure 2.3: Comparison of number of parameters, GB5749-2006 vs. GB5749-1985
- Figure 2.4: Specifications for drinking water parameters, according to GB5749-2006
- Figure 2.5: Specifications for drinking water parameters for small central water supplies and non-central water supplies, according to GB5749-2006
- 2.2.2. Implementation of regulations and compliance
- Figure 2.6: Reference for water quality testing in CJ/T206-2005
- 2.2.3. Future plans
- 2.2.4. Wastewater quality regulations
- 184.108.40.206. Wastewater discharge standards
- Figure 2.7: Specifications for treated wastewater at discharge point, according to GB8978-1996
- Figure 2.8: Classification of wastewater receiving bodies from GB8978-1996
- Figure 2.9: List of effluent and discharge standards by industry
- 220.127.116.11. Municipal wastewater discharge standards
- Figure 2.10: Specifications for municipal treated wastewater, according to GB18918-2002
- 2.2.5. Implementation of regulations and compliance
- 2.2.6. Monitoring and sampling
- 2.2.7. Wastewater treatment technology in China
- Figure 2.11: Wastewater treatment technology in China, 2009
- 2.2.8. Future plans
- 2.3. Water reuse regulations
- 2.3.1. Current regulatory framework
- Figure 2.12: SL368-2006 maximum allowed concentrations of substances in water for reuse in groundwater recharge, industrial applications and agriculture/forestry/farming
- Figure 2.13: SL368-2006 maximum allowed concentrations of substances in water for reuse in municipal and landscape / recreational applications
- 2.3.2. Implementation of regulations and compliance
- 2.3.3. Future plans
- 2.4. Water in industry: petroleum and chemical industry
- 2.4.1. Organisations influencing water policies
- 2.4.2. Regulations in the petrochemical industry
- 2.5. Future regulatory scenario and conclusions
- 2.6. List of laws, standards and policies
- 2.7. Glossary
3. China - Utilities