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工業用水関連のサービス・化学品の市場:集中型サービス・運用のアウトソーシング・ケミカルソリューションによる工業用水管理ニーズの充足

Industrial Water Services & Chemicals: Meeting Industrial Water Management Needs Through Centralised Services, Outsourcing Operations and Chemical Solutions

発行 Global Water Intelligence 商品コード 338315
出版日 ページ情報 英文 169 Pages
納期: 即日から翌営業日
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工業用水関連のサービス・化学品の市場:集中型サービス・運用のアウトソーシング・ケミカルソリューションによる工業用水管理ニーズの充足 Industrial Water Services & Chemicals: Meeting Industrial Water Management Needs Through Centralised Services, Outsourcing Operations and Chemical Solutions
出版日: 2015年10月30日 ページ情報: 英文 169 Pages
担当者のコメント
工業用水における各種サービス市場及びケミカル製品市場ニーズをまとめた調査レポートになります。
概要

工業用水および工業廃水の管理は世界中のエンドユーザーにとってますます困難な課題となっています。廃水の処理および排出に関する規制はますます厳しくなり、水の調達コストも年々高くなる中で、各種工場のオペレーターは、高コスト効率で水およびエネルギー利用の最適化を実現する水管理のフルサービスを求めています。

当レポートでは、工業用水関連の各種サービスおよび化学品の市場について調査し、化学品の各種タイプと用途・産業別の支出予測、消耗品およびサービスへの支出予測、化学品およびサービスの主要サプライヤー、アウトソーシング契約とモバイルソリューションの動向、世界の主要地域における工業用水道事業の市場機会、石油・ガス産業固有の特殊な水管理サービス需要、その他市場成長推進因子および市場機会の分析などをまとめています。

第1章 化学品 & 消耗品

  • 化学品の各種タイプ
  • 化学品の利用:用途別
    • プロセス水
    • ボイラー水
    • 冷却水
    • 廃水
    • その他:メンブレン洗浄・除塵・スラッジ管理など
  • サービス契約
    • 化学品とともに提供されるサービス
    • その他の消耗品
    • サプライチェーン
  • 主要化学品・サービスサプライヤー

第2章 業務のアウトソーシングとモバイル型ソリューション

  • 業務のアウトソーシング
    • アウトソーシングの各種タイプ
    • モバイル型の処理ソリューション
    • 主要企業
    • 業務のアウトソーシングの推進因子・障壁

第3章 工業用水道事業

第4章 石油・ガス管理サービス

目次

Overview

The management of water and wastewater in industry is becoming increasingly challenging for end-users across the globe. With regulations relating to wastewater treatment and discharge growing ever-more stringent and the cost of sourcing water continually rising, operators of industrial plants are seeking full water management services to provide cost-effective solutions that maximise water and energy efficiency, allowing them to focus on their core production businesses. Industrial Water Services & Chemicals: Meeting industrial water management needs through centralised services, outsourcing operations, and chemical solutions provides you with the necessary insight to target those industrial market sectors in which these solutions are most in demand.

Market Drivers

  • Corporate specialisation: Water is often perceived as a secondary importance, with end-users increasingly wanting to focus solely on their own core business. This is driving a move away from internal water personnel towards external service experts to take control of water aspects.
  • Low-quality feedwater sources: Water scarcity, and higher competition for freshwater resources, is significantly reducing water availability for industrial use. End-users are subsequently adopting alternative water sources that are typically of lower quality and are thus more challenging to manage and require additional treatment.
  • Risk management: In line with more difficult feedwater and progressively more stringent regulations, the financial and environmental risks associated with a failure of water systems have increased substantially for end-users. Any mistakes can have significant negative consequences for their business, driving the demand for outsourcing contracts.
  • Increasing demand for full water solutions: End-users are increasingly seeking full solutions in which equipment, as well as chemicals, operations and management services are included within one complete package. This approach reduces the number of third-parties involved with the water system and decreases the associated level of risk.
  • Water reuse and recycling: Industrial plant operators are becoming ever-more concerned with environmental sustainability as a result of tightening wastewater discharge regulations and water scarcity difficulties. Consequently, water reuse and recycling is becoming more commonplace and requires greater water expertise to achieve this.

Opportunities

  • Demand for wastewater treatment and recycling expertise: The drive towards water reuse and recycling in industrial applications is placing higher importance on wastewater streams. As it is more difficult to treat to a level suitable for reuse, it requires greater chemical usage as well as more advanced expertise, driving the demand for third-party involvement.
  • Water Management Prospects: As industrial production continues to grow in emerging countries, the rise in associated water requirements often expand beyond the end-users' capacity to deal with water systems internally. Therefore the need for water management in these regions provides real prospects for water service companies and chemical providers who are active either on a global or even a local-scale.
  • Temporary water treatment systems, outsourcing and chemical treatment: Power generation, refining and petrochemicals are the largest industrial markets driving the demand for mobile solutions, outsourcing contracts and chemical treatment. Therefore, there are significant opportunities for many different types of companies to gain involvement in these sectors
  • Full Solutions Providers: Industrial end-users are seeking ways in which to reduce the logistical and contractual difficulties surrounding water treatment and management that come with the number of different third-parties required to handle different elements of the system. As such, companies which can provide full water solutions that cover water treatment chemicals and management services, as well as water treatment equipment have real potential in this market.
  • Industrial Wastewater Services: Opportunities in industrial wastewater also relate to the end-users' typical view that it is an inconvenient waste product. This stream is not usually a priority for end-users because it does not directly impact their production operations, therefore they are keener to outsource this externally and pass control to third-parties. This report will reveal why there are good opportunities for services companies that can extract value from wastewater.

Key Features

This report covers a range of vital water services that are essential to industrial users:

  • 1. Water treatment chemicals - including a forecast breakdown of operating expenditure on different chemical types by applications such as boiler water, cooling water, process water and wastewater, as well as by industry, to identify where the highest demand for chemicals in industry lie.
  • 2. Consumable services - exploring spending on replacement parts, regenerating services and cleaning services for membranes, ion exchange resins, and activated carbon.
  • 3. Outsourcing contracts and mobile solutions - find out how prevalent outsourcing in industry really is, what is driving end-users to adopt BOT/BOO and DBO/O&M contracts, and understand the major trends behind mobile water solution demands in industry.
  • 4. Industrial utilities - identify opportunities in major regions, including China, the Middle East, Europe and North America.
  • 5. Oil & Gas Water Management Services - understand the unique demands for water solutions in the oil & gas sector, including sourcing of water and treatment for water floods and fracturing, produced water transport, produced water treatment and water disposal services.

Industries Covered

  • Power
  • Refining and Petrochemicals
  • Oil & Gas
  • Food & Beverage
  • Pulp & Paper
  • Mining
  • Commercial and Institutional
  • Industrial Parks

Who should buy this report?

  • Operators and full solution providers - industrial clients are continually looking for third-party operators to take full control of their water systems. Discover in which industries demand for complete solutions is being driven, and where opportunities exist for temporary solutions such as mobile treatment.
  • Chemical suppliers -discover how regulatory trends and end-user initiatives are impacting chemical usage, and which industries or water applications provide the greatest opportunities for your chemical solutions.
  • Oilfield service companies - find out the trends behind the different elements of the oil & gas sector to identify how to position your business and take advantage of such developments.

Forecast Categories

  • Chemicals and consumables
  • Mobile water solutions
  • O&M outsourcing contracts
  • Industrial BOTs
  • Industrial utilities
  • Oil & Gas water management services

Table of Contents

Executive summary

  • Chemicals, consumables and related services
  • Outsourcing and mobile water
  • Industrial water utilities
    • China
    • India
    • Middle East
    • Europe
  • Water services for the oil & gas industry

1. Industrial water services: an introduction

  • 1.1. Spending on industrial water operations
    • Figure 1.1: Global industrial water operations spending and outsourcing market, 2015
    • Figure 1.2: Global industrial operations spending by industry, 2015 and 2025
    • Figure 1.3: Global industrial operations spending by region, 2015 and 2025
  • 1.2. The menu of services
  • 1.3. Market drivers
  • 1.4. Market participants
    • Figure 1.4: Major players in the water services sector
    • Figure 1.5: Icon key: Industries
    • Figure 1.6: Icon key: Chemicals
    • Figure 1.7: Icon key: Applications
  • 1.5. Market forecast
    • Figure 1.8: Global industrial water operations and outsourcing market breakdown, 2015
    • Figure 1.9: Global industrial water outsourcing market by contract type, 2013-2020
    • Figure 1.10: Market forecast data, 2013-2025
    • 1.5.1. Forecast methodology
      • 1.5.1.1. Chemicals and related services
      • 1.5.1.2. Parts, consumables and related services
      • 1.5.1.3. BOT, BOO and operations contracts
      • 1.5.1.4. Mobile water services
      • 1.5.1.5. Industrial utilities
      • 1.5.1.6. Oil & gas water management

2. Chemicals and consumable services

  • 2.1. Industrial water treatment chemicals: Market overview
  • 2.2. Types of water treatment chemicals
    • Figure 2.1: Global spending on industrial water treatment chemicals by type, 2015
    • Figure 2.2: Chemicals by industry and application
    • 2.2.1. Commodity chemicals
      • Figure 2.3: Outline of main commodity chemicals used in industrial water treatment
      • 2.2.1.1. Coagulants/flocculants
      • 2.2.1.2. pH adjusters
      • 2.2.1.3. Oxidising biocides
      • 2.2.1.4. Chelating agents
      • 2.2.1.5. Market forecast
        • Figure 2.4: Global spending on commodity chemicals by chemical type, 2013-2020
    • 2.2.2. Specialty chemicals
      • Figure 2.5: Outline of main specialty chemical types
      • 2.2.2.1. Coagulants/flocculants
      • 2.2.2.2. Scale inhibitors
      • 2.2.2.3. Corrosion inhibitors
      • 2.2.2.4. Antifoams/defoamers
      • 2.2.2.5. Non-oxidising biocides
      • 2.2.2.6. Dust suppression
      • 2.2.2.7. Market forecast
        • Figure 2.6: Global spending on specialty chemicals by chemical type, 2013-2020
        • Figure 2.7: Global spending on commodity and specialty chemicals, 2013-2020
  • 2.3. Industrial water applications
    • Figure 2.8: Global spending on industrial water treatment chemicals market by application, 2015
    • 2.3.1. Process water
      • 2.3.1.1. Outline of chemical requirements
      • 2.3.1.2. Trends in process water chemical requirements
      • 2.3.1.3. Market forecast
        • Figure 2.9: Global spending on process water chemicals by chemical type, 2013-2020
        • Figure 2.10: Global spending on process water chemicals by industry, 2013-2020
        • Figure 2.11: Global spending on process water chemicals by region, 2013-2020
    • 2.3.2. Boiler water
      • 2.3.2.1. Chemical requirements
        • Figure 2.12: Chemical water treatment of a boiler steam cycle
      • Phosphate-based treatment programme
      • All-volatile treatment (AVT) programme
      • 2.3.2.2. Trends in boiler water chemical requirements
      • 2.3.2.3. Market forecast
        • Figure 2.13: Global spending on boiler system chemicals by chemical type, 2013-2020
        • Figure 2.14: Global spending on boiler system chemicals by industry, 2013-2020
        • Figure 2.15: Global spending on boiler system chemicals by region, 2013-2020
    • 2.3.3. Cooling water
      • 2.3.3.1. Chemical requirements
        • Figure 2.16: Chemical treatment of an open-recirculating cooling system
      • 2.3.3.2. Trends in cooling water chemical requirements
      • 2.3.3.3. Market forecast
        • Figure 2.17: Global spending on cooling system chemicals by chemical type, 2013-2020
        • Figure 2.18: Global spending on cooling system chemicals by industry, 2013-2020
        • Figure 2.19: Global spending on cooling system chemicals by region, 2013-2020
    • 2.3.4. Process wastewater
      • 2.3.4.1. Chemical requirements
      • 2.3.4.2. Trends in process wastewater chemical requirements
      • 2.3.4.3. Market forecast
        • Figure 2.20: Global spending on process wastewater chemicals by chemical type, 2013-2020
        • Figure 2.21: Global spending on process wastewater chemicals by industry, 2013-2020
        • Figure 2.22: Global spending on process wastewater chemicals by region, 2013-2020
  • 2.4. Main industrial sectors
    • Figure 2.23: Global spending on industrial water treatment chemicals by industry
    • 2.4.1. Power
      • 2.4.1.1. Main chemicals
      • 2.4.1.2. Specific industry trends
      • 2.4.1.3. Market forecast
        • Figure 2.24: Global spending on water treatment chemicals in the power generation industry, 2013-2020
    • 2.4.2. Refining & petrochemicals
      • 2.4.2.1. Main chemicals
      • 2.4.2.2. Specific industry trends
      • 2.4.2.3. Market forecast
        • Figure 2.25: Global spending on water treatment chemicals in the refining & petrochemicals industry, 2013-2020
    • 2.4.3. Food & beverage
      • 2.4.3.1. Main chemicals
      • 2.4.3.2. Industry-specific trends
      • 2.4.3.3. Market forecast
        • Figure 2.26: Global spending on water treatment chemicals in the food & beverage industry, 2013-2020
    • 2.4.4. Mining
      • 2.4.4.1. Main chemicals
      • 2.4.4.2. Industry-specific trends
      • 2.4.4.3. Market forecast
        • Figure 2.27: Global spending on water treatment chemicals in the mining industry, 2013-2020
    • 2.4.5. Pulp & paper
      • 2.4.5.1. Main chemicals
      • 2.4.5.2. Industry-specific trends
      • 2.4.5.3. Market forecast
        • Figure 2.28: Global spending on water treatment chemicals in the pulp & paper industry, 2013-2020
    • 2.4.6. Commercial & institutional
      • 2.4.6.1. Main chemicals
      • 2.4.6.2. Industry-specific trends
      • 2.4.6.3. Market forecast
        • Figure 2.29: Global spending on water treatment chemicals in the commercial & institutional industry, 2013-2020
    • 2.4.7. Upstream oil & gas
      • 2.4.7.1. Main chemicals
      • 2.4.7.2. Key trends
      • 2.4.7.3. Market forecast
        • Figure 2.30: Global spending on water treatment chemicals in the upstream oil & gas industry, 2013-2020
  • 2.5. Procurement of industrial water treatment chemicals
    • 2.5.1. Supply chain
      • Figure 2.31: Supply chain for water treatment chemicals in industry
    • 2.5.2. Service companies
      • 2.5.2.1. Key service companies in industry
    • 2.5.3. Chemical suppliers
      • 2.5.3.1. Key chemical suppliers in industry
    • 2.5.4. Commercial & institutional sector: supply of water treatment chemical solutions
      • Figure 2.32: Supply chain for water treatment chemicals and services in the commercial & institutional sector
    • 2.5.5. Trends in the supply of chemicals for the industrial market
  • 2.6. Consumable services
    • 2.6.1. Membrane cleaning services
      • 2.6.1.1. Overview
      • 2.6.1.2. Services
      • Cleaning chemicals
        • Figure 2.33: Membrane cleaning chemistries
      • On-site services and analytical tools
      • Autopsies and other off-site services
      • 2.6.1.3. Procurement and contracts
      • 2.6.1.4. Market dynamics
        • Figure 2.34: Selected company chemical products
      • 2.6.1.5. Industrial needs
      • 2.6.1.6. Market trends
      • 2.6.1.7. Market opportunities
    • 2.6.2. Ion exchange
      • 2.6.2.1. Overview
      • 2.6.2.2. Services
      • 2.6.2.3. Market dynamics
    • 2.6.3. Activated carbon
      • 2.6.3.1. Market dynamics
    • 2.6.4. Filters
      • 2.6.4.1. Cartridge filtration
      • 2.6.4.2. Media filtration
    • 2.6.5. Market forecast
      • Figure 2.35: Forecast of spending on services related to parts and consumables, 2013-2025

3. Outsourced operations and mobile treatment

  • 3.1. Outsourcing contracts
    • Figure 3.1: Global market for outsourcing services by contract type, 2015
    • 3.1.1. Asset ownership contracts
      • Figure 3.2: Classic large-scale BOT contract structure
      • Figure 3.3: Small-scale BOT project structure
      • 3.1.1.1. Contract trends: from BOT to BoT
    • 3.1.2. Operations contracts
      • 3.1.2.1. Structure and length of operating contracts
    • 3.1.3. Outsourcing drivers and restraints
      • 3.1.3.1. Market drivers for operating contracts
      • 3.1.3.2. Market drivers for asset ownership models
        • Figure 3.4: Risk sharing by contract structure
      • 3.1.3.3. Finance and returns
        • Figure 3.5: Typical equity returns from industrial BOT in Europe and North America
      • 3.1.3.4. The secondary market for industrial water assets
      • 3.1.3.5. The addressable market for asset ownership and outsourced operations
        • Figure 3.6: Asset ownership and outsourced operations: addressable market penetration over time
      • 3.1.3.6. Overview of industrial and regional markets
  • 3.2. Mobile water services
    • 3.2.1. Uses of mobile water treatment
    • 3.2.2. Drivers
    • 3.2.3. Applications for mobile water treatment units
      • Figure 3.7: Main process water treatment technologies
      • 3.2.3.1. Technology trends for process water treatment applications
      • 3.2.3.2. Technology trends for wastewater treatment applications
        • Figure 3.8: Main wastewater treatment technologies
    • 3.2.4. Industrial use of mobile water solutions
      • Figure 3.9: Breakdown of the global mobile market by industrial user
    • 3.2.5. Procurement process for mobile water services
    • 3.2.6. Cost of the service
    • 3.2.7. Market players
      • Figure 3.10: Overview of major players in the mobile water treatment market
      • Figure 3.11: Mobile water market players by technology provided in process water applications
      • Figure 3.12: Mobile water market players by technology provided in wastewater applications
    • 3.2.8. Accessing the market
  • 3.3. Outsourcing contracts based on mobile assets
    • 3.3.1. Regional markets: Mobile water services and outsourcing contracts
      • 3.3.1.1. United States
      • 3.3.1.2. Europe
      • 3.3.1.3. Asia Pacific
      • 3.3.1.4. MENA
  • 3.4. Mobile water economics
  • 3.5. The addressable market for mobile water
    • Figure 3.13: Penetration of the addressable market for mobile water
  • 3.6. Market forecast
    • Figure 3.14: Spending on industrial outsourced services, 2013-2025
    • Figure 3.15: Capital and operating expenditure under BOT/BOO contracts, 2013-2025
    • Figure 3.16: Spending on mobile water services by region, 2013-2025
    • Figure 3.17: Spending on mobile water services by industry, 2013-2025
    • Figure 3.18: Spending on mobile water services by contract duration, 2013-2025
  • 3.7. Outsourcing by region
    • 3.7.1. China
      • Figure 3.19: Examples of joint venture projects in the refining & petrochemical industry in China
      • Figure 3.20: Examples of outsourcing in the coal-to-chemicals industry in China
      • Figure 3.21: Selected major O&M contracts won by Beijing Water Business Doctor
    • 3.7.2. Outsourcing for individual industrial users in India
      • Figure 3.22: Selected upcoming BOO/BOOT projects for individual industrials in India
      • Figure 3.23: Selected upcoming operations outsourcing projects for individual industrials in India
    • 3.7.3. North America
      • 3.7.3.1. Market overview
      • 3.7.3.2. Market opportunities
      • 3.7.3.3. Market players
    • 3.7.4. Europe
      • 3.7.4.1. Market overview
      • 3.7.4.2. Market opportunities
      • 3.7.4.3. Market players
    • 3.7.5. Japan and South Korea
      • 3.7.5.1. Japan
      • Market players
      • Procurement and accessing the market
      • Market outlook
      • 3.7.5.2. South Korea
      • Market players
        • Figure 3.24: Industrial outsourcing contracts in South Korea
      • Procurement and accessing the market
    • 3.7.6. Retail water services in Great Britain
      • 3.7.6.1. Overview
      • 3.7.6.2. Services
        • Figure 3.25: Roles of retailers and wholesalers in the British market
      • 3.7.6.3. Market landscape
        • Figure 3.26: International operators in the Scottish retail water services market
      • 3.7.6.4. DBO/O&M contracts
        • Figure 3.27: Selected outsourcing contracts in the United Kingdom
      • 3.7.6.5. Future market directions
    • 3.7.7. Middle East
      • 3.7.7.1. Industrial BOTs/BOOs
    • 3.7.8. Latin America
      • 3.7.8.1. Market overview
      • 3.7.8.2. Market opportunities
      • 3.7.8.3. Market players

4. Industrial utilities

  • 4.1. Market forecast
    • Figure 4.1: Forecast of spending on industrial utility services by region, 2013-2025
  • 4.2. Industrial parks in China
    • 4.2.1. General utility outsourcing
      • Figure 4.2: Selected examples of complete utility outsourcing in Chinese industrial parks
    • 4.2.2. Outsourcing of wastewater treatment
      • Figure 4.3: Implementation date for newly published discharge standards
      • Figure 4.4: Comparison of old and new standards for the refining and petrochemical industry
      • Figure 4.5: Selected examples of wastewater treatment outsourcing in Chinese industrial parks
  • 4.3. Industrial parks/clusters in India
    • 4.3.1. Market overview
    • 4.3.2. Management of CETPs
    • 4.3.3. Drivers for outsourcing
      • Figure 4.6: Map of water stress in India outlining numbers of existing and planned CETPs per state
    • 4.3.4. Outsourcing CETPs
      • Figure 4.7: Current and historic funding schemes for CETPs
      • Figure 4.8: Table of existing BOOs/BOTs
    • 4.3.5. Outsourcing water supply facilities
      • Figure 4.9: Table of water supply projects
    • 4.3.6. Integrated utility contracts
    • 4.3.7. Opportunities in the industrial corridors
      • Figure 4.10: Status of industrial corridors
      • 4.3.7.1. Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor
        • Figure 4.11: Water and wastewater demand in selected DMIC projects
    • 4.3.8. Upcoming projects
      • Figure 4.12: Upcoming tracker projects
  • 4.4. Industrial parks in Europe
    • 4.4.1. Overview
    • 4.4.2. Water and wastewater infrastructure in industrial parks
    • 4.4.3. Market opportunities
    • 4.4.4. Market strategies
    • 4.4.5. Market players
      • 4.4.5.1. Market players in the industrial water utilities market in Europe
  • 4.5. Middle East
    • 4.5.1. Saudi Arabia
      • 4.5.1.1. Modon
        • Figure 4.13: Water and wastewater tariffs in Modon's industrial cities ($/m3)
        • Figure 4.14: Water and wastewater treatment plant BOTs in Modon-controlled cities
      • 4.5.1.2. Marafiq
    • 4.5.2. Oman
      • 4.5.2.1. Majis Industrial Services SAOC
        • Figure 4.15: Majis in figures, 2015
        • Figure 4.16: Majis contracts with the private sector at Sohar Industrial Port
      • 4.5.2.2. Duqm SEZ
  • 4.6. Other regions

5. Oil & gas water management services

  • 5.1. Outline
    • 5.1.1. Industry trends/challenges
    • 5.1.2. Types of water management
      • Figure 5.1: Water management in the unconventional industry
    • 5.1.3. Industry players
      • Figure 5.2: Supply chain for water management services in the US unconventional industry
    • 5.1.4. Major US plays
      • Figure 5.3: Major shale plays in the US
      • Figure 5.4: Outline of key water management challenges in the major US shale plays
  • 5.2. Chemicals for upstream oil & gas
    • 5.2.1. Chemical types
      • 5.2.1.1. Completion chemicals
        • Figure 5.5: Typical composition of hydraulic fracturing fluid for US shale plays
        • Figure 5.6: Types of chemical additives in fracturing fluid
      • 5.2.1.2. Production chemicals
        • Figure 5.7: Selected chemicals used to enhance oil and gas production
      • 5.2.1.3. Specialty chemicals
    • 5.2.2. Procurement/key players
    • 5.2.3. Trends/drivers
  • 5.3. Water sourcing
    • Figure 5.8: Average water usage for fracturing an oil and gas well in the US
    • Figure 5.9: Water management economics
    • 5.3.1. Procurement of water sourcing
    • 5.3.2. Water rights/regulations
      • Figure 5.10: Water sourcing regulations
  • 5.4. Water transport
    • 5.4.1. Freshwater/brackish water
    • 5.4.2. Flowback and produced water
      • 5.4.2.1. Contract structure
  • 5.5. Water storage
  • 5.6. Water treatment
    • 5.6.1. Produced water treatment
      • 5.6.1.1. Drivers
      • 5.6.1.2. Treatment trends
        • Figure 5.11: Centralised produced water treatment facility operating contracts in the US
    • 5.6.2. Water treatment for hydraulic fracturing
  • 5.7. Water disposal
  • 5.8. Market dynamics
    • 5.8.1. Water service providers
    • 5.8.2. Water treatment services
  • 5.9. Market forecast
    • Figure 5.12: Forecast of crude oil production in North America by resource, 2000-2030
    • Figure 5.13: Forecast of natural gas production in North America by resource, 2000-2030
    • Figure 5.14: Forecast of produced water volumes in North America, 2000-2030
    • Figure 5.15: Forecast of spending on water management services in North America, 2013-2020

Interviewees

References

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