The Russian government is committed to modernising systems and promoting private sector participation as it faces the challenge of its crumbling water and wastewater infrastructure. A series of legal reforms to reduce the risk for private players and financiers are making this an increasingly attractive market - this report will give you everything you need to capitalise on the emerging opportunities.
Capital expenditure on water and wastewater infrastructure is forecasted to nearly double from $1.4 in 2011 billion to $2.7 billion in 2018 and there will be excellent opportunities for the international private sector. We show you how decades of underinvestment has created a big shortage of local technology suppliers and how this is creating opportunities for foreign companies. The report also shows you opportunities for foreign contractors in projects with International Financial Institution support and analyse future potential in the private operations market.
‘Global Water Intelligence Market Insight: Russia’ gives you all the information you need to break into the Russian water market. From analysis of the emerging opportunities, procurement models, supply chain analysis and market forecasts to concrete sales leads that can be found in our project tracker snapshots and utilities database - this report will give you everything you need to plan and execute your involvement your entry into the Russia water market.
Market drivers and opportunities
Decades of neglect and underinvestment have taken their toll on Russian water and wastewater infrastructure, and the government have set goals to improve the situation.
This report shows you the factors that are driving these changes and the opportunities that they are creating for your business:
- Infrastructure upgrades and rehabilitation - the government have set targets to modernise water and wastewater treatment systems by 2020. The aim of this programme is to create more favourable conditions for private investment and to improve Russia's water and wastewater infrastructure. We show you where this is creating opportunities for your business, and analyse the procurement processes and supply chains in place so you know exactly how to enter the market.
- Equipment supply - the main opportunities for international players are in equipment supply as years of underinvestment mean that local players can't compete. The report identifies the most commonly imported technologies and analyses the supply chain, so you can match your business portfolio to the equipment needs of the Russian water market.
- Chemical supply - insufficient local chemical production means that there good openings for international chemical supply. The report identifies the most commonly imported chemicals and analyses how chemicals are bought and sold in the market.
- Private operators - private operations have become more common over the last decade but opportunities for foreign operators have been limited so far. We analyse the future potential for foreign operators in the Russian water market in light of the recent entrance of two international operators in the Russian market, so you can be ready to capitalise on future opportunities as they emerge.
This report looks at the regulations in place, compliance and enforcement so you can see how they will affect your business decisions and opportunities in this market.
This chapter includes:
- Regulatory framework for drinking water, wastewater discharge and reuse
- Drinking water quality regulations
- Municipal and industrial wastewater quality regulations
- Water reuse regulations
- Implementation of regulations and compliance
- Water in industry
- Future regulatory scenario and conclusions
- List of laws, standards and policies - both in their native language and English, with internet links for easy location
Accessing the market
This market insight report gives you invaluable advice from industry insiders on how to do business in this country, so you can break into the market or increase your existing presence.
By interviewing experts who have concrete experience in that country, we reveal how the market works in practice and give you strategies to successfully enter the supply chain, offering:
- Analysis of procurement processes and market penetration strategies
- Supply chain analysis
- A list of key water market players and who your potential partners or competitors will be
- Possible ways to enter the supply chain alongside the dominant market players
A database of over 144 utilities in the Russian Federation...
We have already highlighted that there are increasing opportunities for the private sector in Russia, and have given strategies for accessing these opportunities.
The final part of this report will allow you to follow up this advice with concrete sales leads and a deep understanding of each water utility and its service. We give you direct access to and contacts details for each utility and the decision maker where possible.
For each utility you will receive the following information:
- Utility name
- General email address
- Water services
- Wastewater services
- Drainage/stormwater service
- Other services
- Service area type
- Service area description
- Ownership type
- Name of the owner/contract operator
- Population served water (number)
- Population served wastewater (number)
- Water connections (number)
- Wastewater connections (number)
- Water pipe network (km)
- Wastewater pipe network (km)
- Name of Head of the organisation
- Job title
- Phone number
Forecasts and Datasets
Accompanying spreadsheets and datasets
The report is accompanied by two spreadsheets, which contain the market forecast and additional datasets.
Market forecast spreadsheets
The market forecast spreadsheet brings together the forecast information from the end of the market section of the report, so that you can manipulate the information.
The forecasts included are:
- Utility capital expenditure by spending area.
- Industrial capital expenditure by industry.
- Utility equipment capital expenditure by equipment line.
- Industrial equipment capital expenditure by equipment line.
- Utility water and wastewater operating expenditure.
- Utility and industrial expenditure on chemicals.
The datasets spreadsheet provides the following supplementary information to the report, as appropriate for the country.
- Water and wastewater indicators. A dataset that gives context to the report by quantifying the level of utility coverage. See the Indicators of utility service coverage section on the following page for full details.
- Water and watsewater utilities. A dataset of utilities that serve more then 50,000 people. Where available, data fields include state/region/province and city (where applicable), utility name, address, phone, website, general email address, water services, wastewater services, drainage / stormwater service, other services, service area type, service area description, ownership type , name of owner / contract operator (when there is private sector involvement), population served water, population served wastewater , water connections , wastewater connections , water pipe network length, wastewater pipe network length, head of organisation name, job title, email address and phone number.
- Private contracts. A dataset of awarded contracts with some degree of private sector participation. Where available, data fields include start year, end year, contract type (e.g. O&M), contract scope, contract name, private company, water population served, wastewater population served, water capacity, wastewater capacity, stake held by company, project type (e.g. BOT), contract length (years), contract value, expected cost, client.
- Drinking water regulations. Data tables of drinking water regulatory standards, including both the substance names from the original sources and standardised IUPAC names for ease of reference.
- Wastewater discharge regulations. Data tables of drinking water regulatory standards, including both the substance names from the original sources and standardised IUPAC names for ease of reference..
Table of Contents
- Private operations
- Accompanying spreadsheets and datasets
- Forecast categories
- Utility and industrial forecast category definitions
- Indicators of utility service coverage
- Indicators of water service coverage
- Indicators of wastewater service coverage
- Other market reports from Global Water Intelligence
- Country market reports
- Primary research reports
- Other reports
- Consulting services
1. Russian Federation - Market
- 1.1. Overview of indicators
- Figure 1.1: Population projections, 2010-2020
- Figure 1.2: Economic indicators
- 1.2. Context and overview of challenges
- 1.3. Water sector organisation and structure
- 1.3.1. Government ministries and agencies
- Figure 1.3: Main government ministries and agencies related to the water sector in the Russian Federation
- 1.3.2. Regional authorities (subordinate entities of the Russian Federation)
- 1.3.3. Local authorities
- 1.3.4. Water and wastewater service providers
- 18.104.22.168. Major water and wastewater service providers in the Russian Federation
- Figure 1.4: Major water and wastewater service providers in the Russian Federation, 2011
- 22.214.171.124. Private operators of utilities
- Figure 1.5: Market share of private operators in the Russian Federation, 2011
- Figure 1.6: Major private operators of utilities in the Russian Federation, 2011
- 1.4. Government's water strategy
- Figure 1.7: Water strategy of the Russian Federation, 2009-2020
- 1.4.1. Main federal water programmes
- 126.96.36.199. FCP Clean Water
- Figure 1.8: Projected target indicators of the FCP Clean Water programme for the period 2011-2017
- 188.8.131.52. Development of Water Utilisation Systems of the Russian Federation for the period 2012-2020
- Figure 1.9: Targets and measures for lowering negative human impacts on water resources, 2012
- 1.4.2. Other federal water programmes
- Figure 1.10: Target indicators of FCP Modernisation of Municipal Infrastructure Objects, 2011-2015
- 1.5. Water availability and demand
- 1.5.1. Water availability
- Figure 1.11: Water resources in the Russian Federation
- 1.5.2. Sectoral water demand
- Figure 1.12: Water use by sector in the Russian Federation, 2000-2011
- Figure 1.13: Detailed sectoral water withdrawal in the Russian Federation, 2011
- 1.6. Municipal water and wastewater
- Figure 1.14: Water supply to various consumers connected to the water supply network, 2011
- Figure 1.15: Wastewater collected from wastewater network, 2011
- Figure 1.16: Water supply indicators
- Figure 1.17: Wastewater indicators
- 1.6.1. Water treatment
- Figure 1.18: Major Russian municipal WTPs by design capacity, 2012
- 1.6.2. Desalination
- 1.6.3. Wastewater treatment
- Figure 1.19: Major WWTPs in the Russian Federation by design capacity, 2012
- 1.7. Water finance
- 1.7.1. Funding sources
- 184.108.40.206. Tariffs
- Figure 1.20: Current procedure for setting tariffs in the Russian Federation, 2012
- Figure 1.21: Water and wastewater tariffs in the main Russian cities including VAT (18%), 2012
- 1.7.2. Capital expenditure
- Figure 1.22: Deterioration levels of the key components of Russian vodokanal infrastructure, 2011
- 220.127.116.11. Budget investments
- Figure 1.23: Priority investment projects supported by the IF in municipal water and wastewater sectors, 2012
- Figure 1.24: Investments in municipal water and wastewater within the main federal programmes
- 18.104.22.168. Extra-budgetary investments
- Figure 1.25: EBRD activities regarding municipal environmental infrastructure, 2012
- 1.7.3. Operating expenditure
- Figure 1.26: Breakdown of total operating expenditure, 2011
- Figure 1.27: Operating costs of the largest vodokanals for water supply, 2011
- Figure 1.28: Operating costs of the largest vodokanals for wastewater disposal, 2011
- 1.8. Private sector participation
- Figure 1.29: Federal private operators
- 1.8.1. Legislative framework of PPP
- Figure 1.30: Investments in municipal water & ww projects under the Clean Water programme 2011-2017
- 1.9. Procurement process for water and wastewater infrastructure
- 1.9.1. Projects procured under federal law No.94-FZ
- 1.9.2. Projects procured under federal law No.223-FZ
- 1.9.3. Projects procured under federal law No.115-FZ
- 1.9.4. Project inception and specification
- 1.9.5. Procurement models
- 22.214.171.124. Procurement of projects financed by International Financial Institutions (IFIs)
- 1.9.6. The tender process
- 1.9.7. Evaluation of bids
- 1.10. Supply chain
- 1.10.1. Consulting engineers
- 1.10.2. Contractors
- 1.10.3. Private operators
- Figure 1.31: JSC Mosvodokanal WTP & WWTP projects based on BOOT model
- 1.10.4. Equipment suppliers
- 1.11. Current and future key projects
- 1.11.1. Current projects
- 1.11.2. Future projects
- 1.12. Future market directions
- 1.12.1. Overview
- 1.12.2. Notes on the market forecast
- 1.13. Market forecast
- Figure 1.32: Market forecast, 2011-2018
- Figure 1.33: Market forecast breakdown, 2013
- Figure 1.34: Market forecast data, 2011-2018
- Figure 1.35: Industrial markets, 2013-2017
2. Russian Federation - Regulations
- 2.1. Regulatory framework for drinking water, wastewater discharge and reuse
- 2.1.1. Main government bodies
- 2.1.2. Relevant legislation
- Figure 2.1: Laws that affect the responsibilities of organisations involved in drinking water and wastewater discharge standards
- 2.2. Drinking water quality regulations
- 2.2.1. Drinking water quality standards
- Figure 2.2: Maximum allowed values (PDK) of drinking water parameters, according to SanPin 126.96.36.1994-1 and SanPin 188.8.131.525-02
- 2.2.2. Implementation of regulations and compliance
- 184.108.40.206. Water supply systems
- Figure 2.3: Water supply systems in Russia, 2011
- 220.127.116.11. Compliance
- Figure 2.4: Compliance with SanPin 18.104.22.1684-01, 22.214.171.1245-02 in 2010
- 2.2.3. Future plans
- Figure 2.5: Water quality targets of the programme “Clean water” for the period 2011 - 2017
- 2.3. Municipal and industrial wastewater quality regulations
- 2.3.1. Wastewater quality regulations
- Figure 2.6: Wastewater quality standards by discharge sites
- 126.96.36.199. Wastewater discharge standards for release into water bodies
- 188.8.131.52. Wastewater discharge standards for release into public sewer networks
- Figure 2.7: Regulations for wastewater discharges to public sewers
- 184.108.40.206. Quality standards for water bodies
- Figure 2.8: Limit values of common pollutants, according to SanPin 220.127.116.110-00, SanPin 2.1.5. 2582-10, GN 18.104.22.1685-03, GN 22.214.171.12438-10, GN 126.96.36.1997-07, Orders of Rosrybolovstvo No. 20, 695.
- 188.8.131.52. Sewage sludge regulations
- Figure 2.9: PDK of pollutants in sewage sludge according to SanPin 184.108.40.2063-96
- 2.3.2. Implementation of regulations and compliance
- 220.127.116.11. Compliance and violations
- Figure 2.10: Level of non-compliance to SanPin 18.104.22.1680-00, 2008-2010
- 2.3.3. Monitoring and sampling
- 2.3.4. Wastewater treatment technology in Russia
- Figure 2.11: Wastewater treatment technologies used in Russia
- 2.3.5. Future plans
- Figure 2.12: Wastewater quality targets of the programme “Clean water” for the period 2011 - 2017
- 2.4. Water reuse regulations
- 2.4.1. Current regulatory framework
- Figure 2.13: Water reuse in different industries in Russia
- Figure 2.14: Sanitary-epidemiological requirements for reused water according to MU 22.214.171.1243-03, GN 126.96.36.1993-03, SanPin 188.8.131.523-96 and GN 184.108.40.2065-03
- 220.127.116.11. Implementation of regulations and compliance
- 2.4.2. Future plans
- 2.5. Water in industry: oil and gas
- 2.5.1. Organisations that influence water policies
- 2.5.2. Regulations in oil and gas industry
- Figure 2.15: Standard for wastewater discharge of the oil and gas industry into the sea, GOST R 53241-2008
- Figure 2.16: Requirements for reused water according to GOST R 53241-2008 and OST 51-01-03-84
- Figure 2.17: Requirements for industrial wastewater discharged into deep ground water according to RD w51-31323949-48-2000
- 2.6. Future regulatory scenario and conclusions
- 2.7. List of laws, standards and policies
- 2.8. Glossary
3. Russian Federation - Utilities