Indonesia is set to be one of the best markets for private sector involvement over the next 5 years. It has experienced rapid economic growth in recent years but the water sector has lagged behind - this is set to change and there will be increasing opportunities for the private sector.
The government have planned a catalogue of high value projects for the next decade to improve the water supply in Indonesia, and these are heavily reliant on private sector participation. Capital expenditure on water and wastewater is set to double from $2.6 billion in 2011 and to $5.0 billion in 2018 and Global Water Market Insight: Indonesia will show you exactly how you can take advantage of these emerging opportunities.
From analysis of the water sector structure, challenges and opportunities to a list of utilities - this is your complete guide to penetrating this market or strengthening your presence in this country.
** This report is a PDF only publication**
Market drivers and opportunities
Although private sector participation is on the rise in this market, a concerted strategy is necessary to successfully plan your involvement in this complex market.
This report will show which market developments are creating opportunities for your business and it will show you exactly how the market works, so you can plan your involvement in this sector.
Private sector participation and governmental programmes - PPP contracts are on the rise but getting involved has its complications. We reveal the government programmes that are endorsing high value water projects and creating the most lucrative opportunities for the private sector. This report will analyse the investment models in place, show you the procurement models that are in place and will demonstrate the best routes for entering the Indonesian PPP market.
Decentralisation - Indonesia is undergoing a process of decentralisation. This market insight report investigates the changes in the market as a result of this development and it examines how this will affect investment in and development of water and wastewater infrastructure. It looks at the emerging demand for funding schemes and technical assistance and predicts potential future opportunities in this market as the economy continues to grow and the market expands - so you can pinpoint the best prospects for your business.
Global Water Intelligence Market Insight: Indonesia provides a complete guide to regulations in this market so you can thoroughly plan your market entry strategies and understand the laws that will affect your business planning in this market.
Indonesia's decentralised market means that each local government is responsible for policy decision making and enforcement, so this report is essential in understanding the regulatory framework that will affect how you do business in the Indonesian water market.
This chapter includes:
- Regulatory framework for drinking water, wastewater discharge and reuse
- Drinking water quality regulations
- Municipal and industrial wastewater quality regulations
- Water reuse regulations
- Implementation of regulations and compliance
- Water in industry
- Future regulatory scenario and conclusions
- List of laws, standards and policies - both in their native language and English, with internet links for easy location
Accessing the market
This market insight report gives you invaluable advice from industry insiders on how to do business in this country, so you can break into the market or increase your existing presence.
By interviewing experts who have concrete experience in that country, we reveal how the market works in practice and give you strategies to successfully enter the supply chain, offering:
- Analysis of procurement processes and market penetration strategies
- Supply chain analysis
- A list of key water market players and who your potential partners or competitors will be
- Possible ways to enter the supply chain alongside the dominant market players
A database of 144 utilities in Indonesia...
We have already highlighted that there are increasing opportunities for the private sector in Indonesia, and have given strategies for accessing these opportunities.
The final part of this report will allow you to follow up this advice with concrete sales leads and a deep understanding of each water utility and its service. We give you direct access to and contacts details for each utility and the decision maker where possible.
For each utility you will receive the following information:
- Utility name
- General email address
- Water services
- Wastewater services
- Drainage/stormwater service
- Other services
- Service area type
- Service area description
- Ownership type
- Name of the owner/contract operator
- Population served water (number)
- Population served wastewater (number)
- Water connections (number)
- Wastewater connections (number)
- Water pipe network (km)
- Wastewater pipe network (km)
- Name of Head of the organisation
- Job title
- Phone number
Forecasts and Datasets
Accompanying spreadsheets and datasets
The report is accompanied by two spreadsheets, which contain the market forecast and additional datasets.
The market forecast spreadsheet brings together the forecast information from the end of the market section of the report, so that you can manipulate the information. The forecasts included are:
- Utility capital expenditure by spending area.
- Industrial capital expenditure by industry.
- Utility equipment capital expenditure by equipment line.
- Industrial equipment capital expenditure by equipment line.
- Utility water and wastewater operating expenditure.
- Utility and industrial expenditure on chemicals.
The datasets spreadsheet provides the following supplementary information to the report, as appropriate for the country.
- Water and wastewater indicators. A dataset that gives context to the report by quantifying the level of utility coverage. See the Indicators of utility service coverage section on the following page for full details.
- Water and wastewater utilities. A dataset of utilities that serve more then 50,000 people. Where available, data fields include state/region/province and city (where applicable), utility name, address, phone, website, general email address, water services, wastewater services, drainage / stormwater service, other services, service area type, service area description, ownership type , name of owner / contract operator (when there is private sector involvement), population served water, population served wastewater , water connections , wastewater connections , water pipe network length, wastewater pipe network length, head of organisation name, job title, email address and phone number.
- Private contracts. A dataset of awarded contracts with some degree of private sector participation. Where available, data fields include start year, end year, contract type (e.g. O&M), contract scope, contract name, private company, water population served, wastewater population served, water capacity, wastewater capacity, stake held by company, project type (e.g. BOT), contract length (years), contract value, expected cost, client.
- Drinking water regulations. Data tables of drinking water regulatory standards, including both the substance names from the original sources and standardised IUPAC names for ease of reference.
- Wastewater discharge regulations. Data tables of drinking water regulatory standards, including both the substance names from the original sources and standardised IUPAC names for ease of reference.
Table of Contents
- Accompanying spreadsheets and datasets
- Forecast categories
- Utility and industrial forecast category definitions
- Indicators of utility service coverage
- Indicators of water service coverage
- Indicators of wastewater service coverage
- Other market reports from Global Water Intelligence
- Country market reports
- Primary research reports
- Other reports
- Consulting services
1. Indonesia - Market
- 1.1 Overview of indicators
- Figure 1.1 Population projections, 2010-2020
- Figure 1.2 Economic indicators
- 1.2 Context and overview of challenges
- 1.2.1 Challenges in Indonesia's water and wastewater sector
- 1.3 The water sector organisation and structure
- 1.3.1 Government ministries and agencies
- Figure 1.3 Central and local governmental bodies responsible for the water sector in Indonesia
- Figure 1.4 Organisational structure of the Ministry of Public Works
- Figure 1.5 Other organisations involved in Indonesia's water sector
- 1.3.2 Water and wastewater service providers
- Figure 1.6 Indonesian water utility capacities based on province
- Figure 1.7 The 10 largest public water utilities by number of household connections in 2010
- 1.4 Government strategies
- 1.4.1 Water sector strategies
- 188.8.131.52 The Urban Water Supply Programme
- 184.108.40.206 The Rural Water Supply Programme
- 1.4.2 Wastewater Sector Strategy
- 220.127.116.11 Institutional-based approach
- 18.104.22.168 Community-based approach
- 1.5 Water availability and demand
- 1.5.1 Water availability
- Figure 1.8 Indonesian water resources, 2011
- Figure 1.9 Indonesian Islands' potential water reserves
- 1.5.2 Sectoral water demand
- Figure 1.10 Sectoral water use trends in Indonesia, 1990-2011
- 1.6 Municipal water and wastewater
- Figure 1.11 Public access to piped water supply in Indonesia, 1990-2010
- Figure 1.12 Percentage of households in urban and rural areas by drinking water source, 2010
- Figure 1.13 Water supply indicators
- Figure 1.14 Wastewater indicators
- 1.6.1 Water treatment
- Figure 1.15 The 10 largest water utilities in Indonesia by design and operational capacity
- Figure 1.16 Desalination plants by sector in Indonesia
- 1.6.2 Wastewater treatment
- Figure 1.17 Existing WWTPs in Indonesia, 2011
- 1.6.3 Water reuse
- 1.7 Water finance
- 1.7.1 Funding sources
- 22.214.171.124 PDAM budget, and local (municipal/regencial) government funds
- 126.96.36.199 PDAM tariffs
- Figure 1.18 Water tariffs charged by the largest public utilities, 2010
- 188.8.131.52 Private sector investment
- 184.108.40.206 On-lending
- 220.127.116.11 On-granting
- 18.104.22.168 Commercial credit support
- 22.214.171.124 Government funding agencies
- 126.96.36.199 Government budgets for the wastewater sector
- 1.7.2 Capital expenditure
- Figure 1.19 Funding details for Indonesian Water Sector Programmes, 2011-2014 period
- 1.7.3 Operating expenditure
- 1.8 Private sector participation
- 1.8.1 Public-private partnership (PPP)
- Figure 1.20 Current PPP contracts in Indonesia
- 188.8.131.52 Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT)
- 184.108.40.206 Concession
- 1.9 Procurement process for water and wastewater infrastructure
- 1.9.1 Business-to-business (B2B) procurement model
- 220.127.116.11 Overview
- 18.104.22.168 Procurement process for B2B projects
- 22.214.171.124 Current projects procured under B2B model
- 1.9.2 Unsolicited PPP procurement method
- 126.96.36.199 Overview
- 188.8.131.52 Procurement process for unsolicited projects
- 1.9.3 Solicited PPP procurement method
- 184.108.40.206 Overview
- 220.127.116.11 Procurement process for solicited projects
- 18.104.22.168 Current obstacles in procurement of solicited PPP projects
- 1.10 Supply chain
- 1.10.1 Consulting engineers
- 1.10.2 Contractors
- 1.10.3 Private operators
- 1.10.4 Equipment suppliers
- Figure 1.21 Equipment suppliers in Indonesia
- 1.11 Current and future key projects
- 1.11.1 Current projects
- 1.11.2 Future projects
- 22.214.171.124 Large-scale priority projects
- 126.96.36.199 Large-scale potential projects
- 1.12 Future market directions
- 1.12.1 Overview
- 1.12.2 Notes on the market forecast
- 1.13 Market forecast
- Figure 1.22 Market forecast, 2011-2018
- Figure 1.23 Market forecast breakdown, 2013
- Figure 1.24 Market forecast data, 2011-2018
- Figure 1.25 Industrial markets, 2013-2017
2. Indonesia - Regulations
- 2.1 Regulatory framework for drinking water, wastewater discharge and reuse
- Figure 2.1 Government bodies: Drinking water, wastewater discharge and reuse regulation in Indonesia
- 2.1.1 Main government bodies
- 2.1.2 Relevant legislation
- Figure 2.2 Legislation relating to responsibilities of government agencies involved in drinking water and wastewater discharge standards
- 2.2 Drinking water quality regulations
- 2.2.1 Drinking water quality requirements
- Figure 2.3 Specifications for drinking water parameters, according to Minister of Health Decree No.492/2010
- 2.2.2 Implementation of regulations and compliance
- 2.2.3 Monitoring and sampling
- 2.2.4 Future plans
- 2.3 Municipal and industrial wastewater quality regulations
- 2.3.1 Wastewater quality regulations
- 188.8.131.52 Domestic wastewater discharge standards
- Figure 2.4 Domestic treated wastewater standards, according to Minister of Environment Decree No.112/2003
- 184.108.40.206 Industrial wastewater discharge standards
- Figure 2.5 Industrial treated wastewater standards, according to Minister of Environment Decree No.51/1995
- Figure 2.6 List of industrial wastewater discharge standards
- Figure 2.7 Wastewater Quality Standards for Industrial Zones, Minister of Environment Decree No.3/2010
- 2.3.2 Implementation of regulations and compliance
- 220.127.116.11 Implementation and enforcement
- 18.104.22.168 Compliance and reporting
- 2.3.3 Monitoring and sampling
- 2.3.4 Wastewater treatment technology in Indonesia
- Figure 2.8 Municipal wastewater treatment technology and capacity in Indonesia
- 2.3.5 Future plans
- 2.4 Water reuse regulations
- 2.5 Water in industry: Oil and gas
- 2.5.1 Organisations that influence water policies
- 2.5.2 Regulations in the oil and gas industry
- Figure 2.9 Wastewater Quality Standards For Oil and Gas Exploration and Production Beach Release (Offshore), Minister of Environment Decree No.13/1997
- Figure 2.10 Wastewater Quality Standards For Oil and Gas Exploration and Production Land Facility (Onshore), Minister of Environment Decree No.13/1997
- Figure 2.11 Wastewater Quality Standards For Geothermal Exploration and Production, Minister of Environment Decree No.13/1997
- Figure 2.12 Wastewater Quality Standards For Oil Processing, Minister of Environment Decree No.13/1997
- Figure 2.13 Wastewater Quality Standards For Integrated LNG and LPG Refinery, Minister of Environment Decree No.13/1997
- 2.6 Future regulatory scenario and conclusions
- 2.7 List of laws, standards and policies
- 2.8 Glossary
3. Indonesia - Utilities