株式会社グローバルインフォメーション
TEL: 044-952-0102
表紙
市場調査レポート

世界のウォーターインテリジェンス市場分析:米国

Global Water Intelligence Market Insight: United States of America

発行 Global Water Intelligence 商品コード 289082
出版日 ページ情報 英文
納期: 即日から翌営業日
価格
本日の銀行送金レート: 1GBP=147.80円で換算しております。
Back to Top
世界のウォーターインテリジェンス市場分析:米国 Global Water Intelligence Market Insight: United States of America
出版日: 2014年10月30日 ページ情報: 英文
概要

米国における上下水道インフラへの投資額は2023年までに6,000億米ドルが予測されており、これは今後5年間で最も活発な市場の一つとなるでしょう。資本支出は2011年の368億米ドルから2018年に483億米ドルへと増加する見込みです。

当レポートでは、米国の上下水道市場について調査し、水道市場の構造、市場参入の機会と戦略の分析、連邦・主要な州における規制のディレクトリ、および米国の水道ユーティリティ企業1,000社以上のデータベースなどを、概略下記の構成にてお届けいたします。

エグゼクティブサマリー

第1章 米国:市場

  • 指標の概要
  • 背景・課題の概要
  • 水部門の組織・構造
  • 政府の水戦略
  • 水の可用性・需要
  • 地方自治体の上下水道
  • 水道の財源
  • 民間部門の参入
  • 上下水道インフラの調達プロセス
  • サプライチェーン
  • 現在・将来の主要プロジェクト
  • 将来の市場方向性
  • 市場予測

第2章 米国:連邦規制

  • 飲料水・廃水排出・再利用の規制の枠組み
  • 飲料水の品質規制
  • 自治体・産業廃水の品質規制
  • 水再利用の規制
  • 将来の規制状況・結論
  • 法律・規格・政策のリスト
  • 用語

第3章 米国:石油・ガス採掘産業の規制

  • 産業における水
  • 主な州の主要産業
  • 法律・規格・政策のリスト
  • 用語

第4章 米国:カリフォルニア州の規制

  • 飲料水・廃水排出・再利用の規制の枠組み
  • 飲料水の品質規制
  • 自治体・産業廃水の品質規制
  • 水再利用の規制
  • 将来の規制状況・結論
  • 法律・規格・政策のリスト
  • 用語

第5章 米国:ペンシルバニア州の規制

  • 飲料水・廃水排出・再利用の規制の枠組み
  • 飲料水の品質規制
  • 自治体・産業廃水の品質規制
  • 水再利用の規制
  • 将来の規制状況・結論
  • 法律・規格・政策のリスト
  • 用語

第6章 米国:テキサス州の規制

  • 飲料水・廃水排出・再利用の規制の枠組み
  • 飲料水の品質規制
  • 自治体・産業廃水の品質規制
  • 水再利用の規制
  • 将来の規制状況・結論
  • 法律・規格・政策のリスト
  • 用語

第7章 米国:ユーティリティ

  • 地方
  • ユーティリティ名
  • 住所
  • 電話番号
  • ウェブサイト
  • 代表Eメールアドレス
  • 上水サービス
  • 下水サービス
  • 排水/雨水サービス
  • その他のサービス
  • サービス分野のタイプ
  • サービス分野の説明
  • 所有タイプ
  • 所有者/請負オペレーターの名前
  • 上水提供人口
  • 下水提供人口
  • 水道コネクション
  • 上水パイプネットワーク(km)
  • 下水パイプネットワーク(km)
  • 代表者名
  • 肩書
  • Eメール
  • 電話番号

このページに掲載されている内容は最新版と異なる場合があります。詳細はお問い合わせください。

目次

The U.S water sector is approaching a crisis, following decades of under-investment. With predicted investment of upwards of $600 billion on water and wastewater infrastructure by 2033, this will be one of the hottest markets over the next 5 years. Capital expenditure is expected to rise from $36.8 billion in 2011 to $48.3 billion in 2018 - so now is the time to get involved in this lucrative market.

The report identifies water and wastewater treatment plant upgrades as the best opportunities in the municipal market and it also explores new opportunities in performance-based consulting and efficiency contracts. We have spoken to market insiders who have done business in this sector, so we can show you exactly how the market works. The report offers a complete guide to the procurement models in place and the best strategies for getting involved, so you can plan your business strategy in this market.

‘Global Water Intelligence Market Insight: USA’ is your essential toolkit for breaking into this market or increasing your existing market share. It analyses every facet of the water industry in the U.S.A, covering the water sector structure, opportunities and strategies for market entry, forecasts as well as a comprehensive directory of water regulations and a database of over 1000 U.S water utilities.

Market drivers and opportunities

With capital expenditure in this market expected to soar, there are huge emerging opportunities for water and wastewater companies. Whether you want to break into the market or increase your existing presence this is an essential resource for your business. We show you the best opportunities over the next 5 years and show you exactly how the market works from the perspective of the market insiders, so you can get involved at the earliest stages and keep ahead of your competition.

We explore the trends that are driving the market, the emerging opportunities and how to position your business in the market:

  • Wastewater infrastructure upgrades for compliance with regulations - we explore how stricter regulations are driving utilities to upgrade their wastewater treatment plants or collections systems to achieve compliance. Regulations for nitrogen and phosphorous are specifically driving the market for WWTP upgrades. We identify the opportunities being created for the private sector and analyse the procurement processes and contracts, so you know exactly how to get involved.
  • Resource recovery - the wastewater treatment industry in the USA is beginning to embrace opportunities for resource recovery in order to comply with regulations and gain value from their wastewater stream. This is driving opportunities for water companies that supply advanced treatment technologies - we show you a case study, explore the technology trends and identify the opportunities for your business.
  • Water treatment plant upgrades - we show you how tightening regulations are driving WTP upgrades and investment in UV disinfection - so you can pinpoint opportunities for your niche technologies.
  • Network rehabilitation - this is set to be a very strong market which will create big opportunities for the private sector as the water and wastewater network in the USA is reaching the perfect storm. We look at the rehabilitation work that will need to be carried out in the next 20 years and how you can find your position in the supply chain.
  • Desalination market - the USA is the second largest desalination market after Saudi Arabia. This market insight report looks at the potential growth in the municipal and industrial desalination markets. It studies how the municipal market could grow in the wake of the Carlsbad project and considers how the growing trend towards self-supply in the industrial sector will create big opportunities in industrial desalination. Our in-depth forecasts will allow you to assess the potential prospects for your business in the market, so you can stay ahead of your competition.
  • Performance based consulting and efficiency contracts in O&M - we show you how the adoption of performance based consulting and efficiency contracts is one of the most exciting developments for private sector involvement - we show you exactly how this works and how this development can make you money.

Regulations

With stricter regulatory frameworks high on the agenda in the US market, this chapter is an absolutely essential resource if you plan on doing business in this country.

This chapter includes:

  • Regulatory framework for drinking water, wastewater discharge and reuse
  • Drinking water quality regulations
  • Municipal and industrial wastewater quality regulations
  • Water reuse regulations
  • Implementation of regulations and compliance
  • Water in industry
  • Future regulatory scenario and conclusions
  • List of laws, standards and policies - both in their native language and English, with internet links for easy location

Accessing the market

This market insight report gives you invaluable advice from industry insiders on how to do business in this country, so you can break into the market or increase your existing presence.

By interviewing experts who have concrete experience in that country, we reveal how the market works in practice and give you strategies to successfully enter the supply chain, offering:

  • Analysis of procurement processes and market penetration strategies
  • Supply chain analysis
  • A list of key water market players and who your potential partners or competitors will be
  • Possible ways to enter the supply chain alongside the dominant market players

Utilities

A database of 1077 utilities in the USA...

We have already highlighted that there are increasing opportunities for the private sector in the USA, and have given strategies for accessing these opportunities.

The final part of this report will allow you to follow up this advice with concrete sales leads and a deep understanding of each water utility and its service. We give you direct access to and contacts details for each utility and the decision maker where possible.

For each utility you will receive the following information:

  • Country
  • State
  • Utility name
  • Address
  • Phone
  • Website
  • General email address
  • Water services
  • Wastewater services
  • Drainage/stormwater service
  • Other services
  • Service area type
  • Service area description
  • Ownership type
  • Name of the owner/contract operator
  • Population served water (number)
  • Population served wastewater (number)
  • Water connections (number)
  • Wastewater connections (number)
  • Water pipe network (km)
  • Wastewater pipe network (km)
  • Name of Head of the organisation
  • Job title
  • E-mail
  • Phone number

Forecasts and Datasets

Accompanying spreadsheets and datasets

The report is accompanied by two spreadsheets, which contain the market forecast and additional datasets.

Market Forecast Spreadsheets

The market forecast spreadsheet brings together the forecast information from the end of the market section of the report, so that you can manipulate the information.

The forecasts included are:

  • Utility capital expenditure by spending area.
  • Industrial capital expenditure by industry.
  • Utility equipment capital expenditure by equipment line.
  • Industrial equipment capital expenditure by equipment line.
  • Utility water and wastewater operating expenditure.
  • Utility and industrial expenditure on chemicals.

Additional Datasets

The datasets spreadsheet provides the following supplementary information to the report, as appropriate for the country.

  • Water and wastewater indicators. A dataset that gives context to the report by quantifying the level of utility coverage. See the Indicators of utility service coverage section on the following page for full details.
  • Water and wastewater utilities. A dataset of utilities that serve more then 50,000 people. Where available, data fields include state/region/province and city (where applicable), utility name, address, phone, website, general email address, water services, wastewater services, drainage / stormwater service, other services, service area type, service area description, ownership type , name of owner / contract operator (when there is private sector involvement), population served water, population served wastewater , water connections , wastewater connections , water pipe network length, wastewater pipe network length, head of organisation name, job title, email address and phone number.
  • Private contracts. A dataset of awarded contracts with some degree of private sector participation. Where available, data fields include start year, end year, contract type (e.g. O&M), contract scope, contract name, private company, water population served, wastewater population served, water capacity, wastewater capacity, stake held by company, project type (e.g. BOT), contract length (years), contract value, expected cost, client.
  • Drinking water regulations. Data tables of drinking water regulatory standards, including both the substance names from the original sources and standardised IUPAC names for ease of reference.
  • Wastewater discharge regulations. Data tables of drinking water regulatory standards, including both the substance names from the original sources and standardised IUPAC names for ease of reference.

Table of Contents

Publication information

Executive summary

  • Opportunities
  • Regulations
  • Accompanying spreadsheets and datasets v
  • Forecast categories vi
    • Utility and industrial forecast category definitions
  • Indicators of utility service coverage
    • Indicators of water service coverage
    • Indicators of wastewater service coverage
  • Other market reports from Global Water Intelligence
    • Country market reports
    • Primary research reports
    • Other reports
  • Consulting services

1. United States of America - Market

  • 1.1. Overview of indicators
    • Figure 1.1: Population projections, 2010-2020
    • Figure 1.2: Economic indicators
  • 1.2. Context and overview of challenges
  • 1.3. Water sector organisation and structure
    • 1.3.1. Government ministries and agencies
      • 1.3.1.1. Federal
      • 1.3.1.2. Regional, state, river basin and local agencies
    • 1.3.1.3. Water industry-related associations
      • Figure 1.3: Major water industry associations, 2013
    • 1.3.2. Water and wastewater service providers
      • Figure 1.4: Drinking water providers according to population served, 2012
      • Figure 1.5: Major public water and wastewater providers in the U.S., 2013
  • 1.4. Government's water strategy
  • 1.5. Water availability and demand
    • 1.5.1. Water availability
      • Figure 1.6: Total renewable water resources in the United States, 2012
    • 1.5.2. Sectoral water demand
      • Figure 1.7: U.S. sectoral water withdrawal, 2005
      • Figure 1.8: Water demand/drought models, 2013
  • 1.6. Municipal water and wastewater
    • Figure 1.9: Water supply indicators
    • Figure 1.10: Wastewater indicators
      • 1.6.1. Water treatment
        • Figure 1.11: Drinking water production by water source, 2012
        • Figure 1.12: Types of advanced technology employed by U.S. WTPs, 2013
        • Figure 1.13: Major WTPs in the U.S. by operational capacity, 2013
    • 1.6.2. Desalination
      • 1.6.2.1. Municipal desalination trend
      • 1.6.2.2. Industrial desalination trend
      • 1.6.2.3. Technology trend
    • Figure 1.14: The 10 largest municipal desalination plants in the U.S. by daily volume of water output, 2012
    • 1.6.3. Wastewater treatment
      • 1.6.3.1. WWTP capacity and technology overview
        • Figure 1.15: Number of WWTPs and cumulative capacities, 2011
        • Figure 1.16: Treatment levels of U.S. municipal WWTPs, with future projections
        • Figure 1.17: Major WWTPs in the U.S. by design capacity, 2013
      • 1.6.3.2. Current trends in the wastewater treatment sector
      • 1.6.3.3. Nutrient management regulations
      • 1.6.3.4. Wastewater overflow regulations
      • 1.6.3.5. New opportunities for resource recovery
    • 1.6.4. Water reuse
      • 1.6.4.1. Municipal water reuse practice
        • Figure 1.18: Major municipal water reuse projects in the U.S. by operating capacity, 2013
      • 1.6.4.2. Industrial water reuse practice
  • 1.7. Water finance
    • 1.7.1. Funding sources
      • Figure 1.19: Overview of the main project construction funding mechanisms in the U.S., 2013
      • 1.7.1.1. Finance availability and utility debt
      • 1.7.1.2. Trends in federal funding
        • Figure 1.20: Annual federal capitalisation grants for SRFs, 2002-2010
      • 1.7.1.3. Trends in private financing
      • 1.7.1.4. Tariffs
        • Figure 1.21: GWI Water Tariff Survey Highlights, United States, 2012
    • 1.7.2. Capital expenditure
      • Figure 1.22: Public versus private spending for water supply construction projects, 2002-2012
      • 1.7.2.1. Construction spending of state and local public utilities
        • Figure 1.23: Construction spending for water supply projects at state and local levels, 2002-2012
        • Figure 1.24: Construction spending on wastewater, sludge & dry waste projects at state & local levels, 2002-2012
    • 1.7.3. Operating expenditure
      • Figure 1.25: Capital and operating expenditures for state and local public utilities, 2010
    • 1.7.4. Water utility revenues
      • Figure 1.26: Public versus private water and wastewater utility revenue, 2010
      • Figure 1.27: Total spending versus revenue of public utilities, 1999-2010
      • 1.7.4.1. Private contract operation & maintenance market revenue
        • Figure 1.28: Top-five largest contract ops companies by revenue, 2011
  • 1.8. Private sector participation
    • Figure 1.29: Water and wastewater services by provider, 2012
    • 1.8.1. Optimisation and performance-based contracts
      • Figure 1.30: Recent optimisation and performance-based contracts
    • 1.8.2. Alternative finance for contract ops
      • Figure 1.31: Recent alternative finance contracts
  • 1.9. Procurement process for water and wastewater infrastructure
    • 1.9.1. Procurement models overview
      • Figure 1.32: Main procurement models in the U.S.
      • 1.9.1.1. Procurement regulations
    • 1.9.2. Procurement process outline
      • 1.9.2.1. Procurement process steps
    • 1.9.3. Project identification
      • 1.9.3.1. Project need
      • 1.9.3.2. Planning framework
      • 1.9.3.3. Where to look for new projects
        • Grass-root identification of new projects
        • Project databases and other printed documents
    • 1.9.4. Selection process of a design firm
    • 1.9.5. Technical specification and equipment selection
      • 1.9.5.1. Sole-sourcing practice
      • 1.9.5.2. Involvement of international companies
    • 1.9.6. Bidding process for construction and equipment services
      • 1.9.6.1. Evaluation of bids
      • 1.9.6.2. Project performance guarantees and risk allocation
    • 1.9.7. Procurement models trends
      • Figure 1.33: Market forecast by project delivery model
  • 1.10. Supply chain
    • 1.10.1. Design Firms
      • Figure 1.34: Major design firms active in the water and wastewater sector
      • 1.10.1.1. The role of local design firms
    • 1.10.2. Construction contractors
      • Figure 1.35: Major construction contractor firms active in the water and wastewater sector
    • 1.10.3. Private operators
      • Figure 1.36: Major regulated private water operators in the U.S.
      • Figure 1.37: Major non-regulated O&M private operators in the U.S.
    • 1.10.4. Equipment suppliers
      • Figure 1.38: Major U.S. equipment suppliers
      • 1.10.4.1. Equipment sales strategies
      • 1.10.4.2. The role and influence of sales reps
      • 1.10.4.3. New product market entry
  • 1.11. Current and future key projects
    • 1.11.1. Current projects
    • 1.11.2. Future projects
      • 1.11.2.1. WTP projects
      • 1.11.2.2. WWTP projects
      • 1.11.2.3. Desalination
      • 1.11.2.4. O&M outsourcing
  • 1.12. Future market directions
    • 1.12.1. Overview
    • 1.12.2. Notes on the market forecast
  • 1.13. Market forecast
    • Figure 1.39: Market forecast, 2011-2018
    • Figure 1.40: Market forecast breakdown, 2013
    • Figure 1.41: Market forecast data, 2011-2018
    • Figure 1.42: Industrial markets, 2013-2017

2. United States of America - Federal Regulations

  • 2.1. Regulatory framework for drinking water, wastewater discharge and reuse
    • 2.1.1. Main government bodies
      • Figure 2.1: Government bodies: Drinking water, wastewater discharge and reuse regulations in the U.S.
    • 2.1.2. Relevant legislation
      • Figure 2.2: Federal level legislation in the United States
  • 2.2. Drinking water quality regulations
    • 2.2.1. Drinking water quality standards
      • Figure 2.3: National primary drinking water regulations
      • Figure 2.4: National secondary drinking water regulations
    • 2.2.2. Implementation of regulations and compliance
    • 2.2.3. Future plans
      • Figure 2.5: List of 116 contaminants in CCL3
  • 2.3. Municipal and industrial wastewater quality regulations
    • 2.3.1. Wastewater quality regulations
      • Figure 2.6: Secondary treatment standards 40 CFR 133.102
      • 2.3.1.1. Wastewater discharge standards
        • Figure 2.7: Existing effluent guidelines for industrial categories
        • Figure 2.8: National recommended surface water quality criteria
      • 2.3.1.2. Sewage sludge regulations
        • Figure 2.9: Pollutant limits for sludge used for land application
        • Figure 2.10: Pollutant limits for surface or final disposal of sludge
        • Figure 2.11: Pollutant concentrations for sludge units based on unit boundary
        • Figure 2.12: Pollutant limits for sludge to be incinerated
    • 2.3.2. Implementation of regulations and compliance
      • 2.3.2.1. Industrial penalties and Fines for CWA violations
    • 2.3.3. Monitoring and sampling
      • 2.3.3.1. Sludge monitoring and sampling
        • Figure 2.13: Monitoring frequency for different sludge disposal options
    • 2.3.4. Wastewater treatment technology in the U.S.
      • Figure 2.14: Improvements in the level of treatment in WWTPs
      • Figure 2.15: Population served by POTWs between 1940 and 2008 and projected
      • Figure 2.16: Population served by POTWs between 1940 and 2008 and projected
    • 2.3.5. Future plans
  • 2.4. Water reuse regulations
    • 2.4.1. Current regulatory framework
      • 2.4.1.1. Wastewater reuse standards
        • Figure 2.17: Recommended limits for constituents in treated wastewater for irrigation
        • Figure 2.18: Suggested guidelines for water reuse
    • 2.4.2. Implementation of regulations and compliance
    • 2.4.3. Future plans
  • 2.5. Future regulatory scenario and conclusions
    • Figure 2.19: List of 30 proposed UCMR 3 contaminants
  • 2.6. List of laws, standards and policies
  • 2.7. Glossary

3. United States of America - Oil & gas and mining industrial regulations

  • 3.1. Water in industry
    • 3.1.1. Industry overview
      • 3.1.1.1. Oil and gas industry
        • Figure 3.1: Oil and gas industry top 10 states in 2009
      • 3.1.1.2. Mining industry
        • Figure 3.2: Mining industry top 10 states in 2008
    • 3.1.2. Organisations that influence water policies in mining/oil & gas industry
      • Figure 3.3: Government bodies responsible for regulating the mining and oil and gas industries
    • 3.1.3. Regulations in the oil & gas industry
      • 3.1.3.1. Safe drinking water act (SDWA) and Clean water act (CWA)
        • Figure 3.4: UIC programme classification of wells
      • 3.1.3.2. Onshore Subcategory of the Oil and Gas Extraction Point Source Category
      • 3.1.3.3. Coastal Waters Subcategory of the Oil and Gas Extraction Point Source Category
      • 3.1.3.4. Offshore Subcategory of the Oil and Gas Extraction Point Source Category
      • 3.1.3.5. Coal bed methane (CBM) ELGs
      • 3.1.3.6. Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
      • 3.1.3.7. Current legislation and changes
        • Figure 3.5: Current legislation and drivers
      • 3.1.3.8. Emerging Federal regulations in the oil and gas industry
        • Figure 3.6: Topics and questions to be covered by EPA study on hydraulic fracturing
    • 3.1.4. Regulations in the mining industry
      • Figure 3.7: Legislation related to the mining industry
      • 3.1.4.1. Underground Injection - Class III wells
      • 3.1.4.2. Class III well requirements
  • 3.2. Major industries in selected states
    • 3.2.1. Texas oil and gas industry
      • 3.2.1.1. Organisations that influence water policies for the oil and gas industry in Texas
        • Figure 3.8: Regulatory agencies that influence water policies related to the oil and gas industry in Texas
      • 3.2.1.2. Oil and gas industry regulations in Texas
        • Figure 3.9: Hazardous characteristics of oil and gas wastes
        • Figure 3.10: Organic and metal, oil and gas waste contaminants
      • 3.2.1.3. Regional permits
    • 3.2.2. Texas mining industry
      • 3.2.2.1. Organisations that influence water policies for the mining industry in Texas
        • Figure 3.11: Regulatory agencies that influence water policies related to the mining industry in Texas
      • 3.2.2.2. Mining industry regulations in Texas
      • 3.2.2.3. Regulations by commodity
        • Figure 3.12: Groundwater monitoring parameters, Texas Administrative Code Rule §11.142
      • 3.2.2.4. Regulating Class III wells
      • 3.2.2.5. Effluent limitations - Coal mining
        • Figure 3.13: BPT, BAT and NSPS Effluent limitations for coal mining
    • 3.2.3. California oil and gas industry
      • Figure 3.14: California oil and gas industry GDP contribution 1997-2009
      • Figure 3.15: 2007 production levels and drilling activities in California
      • 3.2.3.1. Organisations that influence water policies for the oil and gas industry in California
        • Figure 3.16: Regulatory agencies that influence water policies related to the oil and gas industry in California
      • 3.2.3.2. Oil and gas industry regulations in California
      • 3.2.3.3. E&P waste exemption
      • 3.2.3.4. Regional permits
    • 3.2.4. Pennsylvania oil and gas industry
      • Figure 3.17: Pennsylvania oil and gas industry GDP contribution 1997-2009
      • 3.2.4.1. Organisations that influence water policies for the oil and gas industry in Pennsylvania
        • Figure 3.18: Regulatory agencies that influence water policies related to the oil and gas industry in Pennsylvania
      • 3.2.4.2. Oil and gas industry regulations in Pennsylvania
      • 3.2.4.3. Title 25 Chapter 78 (Pa. Code § 78) Oil and Wells
      • 3.2.4.4. Penalties and fines
      • 3.2.4.5. Oil and gas wastewater effluents standards in Pennsylvania
        • Figure 3.19: New effluent standards for oil and gas wastewater, May 2010
  • 3.3. List of laws, standards and policies
  • 3.4. Glossary

4. United States of America - California Regulations

  • 4.1. Regulatory framework for drinking water, wastewater discharge and reuse
    • 4.1.1. Main government bodies
      • Figure 4.1: Government bodies: Drinking water, wastewater discharge and reuse regulation in California
      • 4.1.2. Relevant legislation
        • Figure 4.2: State and Federal level legislation in California
  • 4.2. Drinking water quality regulations
    • 4.2.1. Drinking water quality standards
      • 4.2.1.1. Bacteriological constituent
      • 4.2.1.2. Inorganic and organic chemicals and radionuclide MCLs
        • Figure 4.3: Primary drinking water standard MCLs
      • 4.2.1.3. Secondary drinking water standards
        • Figure 4.4: Secondary drinking water standard MCLs
    • 4.2.2. Implementation of regulations and compliance
      • 4.2.2.1. Monitoring and compliance
  • 4.3. Municipal and industrial wastewater quality regulations
    • 4.3.1. Wastewater quality regulations
      • 4.3.1.1. Wastewater discharge standards
        • Figure 4.5: California surface water quality criteria
      • 4.3.1.2. Sewage sludge regulations
        • Figure 4.6: Sludge discharge pollutant concentrations, 40 CFR Part 503
        • Figure 4.7: Cumulative pollutant loading rate, 40 CFR Part 503
    • 4.3.2. Implementation of regulations and compliance
      • 4.3.2.1. Schedules of compliance
      • 4.3.3. Monitoring and sampling
      • 4.3.3.1. Monitoring and sampling of sludge
  • 4.4. Water reuse regulations
    • 4.4.1. Current regulatory framework
      • Figure 4.8: Quality criteria and specific uses for reuse water
    • 4.4.2. Implementation of regulations and compliance
      • 4.4.2.1. Monitoring and compliance
        • Figure 4.9: Reuse water quality and treatment requirements
  • 4.5. Future regulatory scenario and conclusions
  • 4.6. List of laws, standards and policies
  • 4.7. Glossary

5. United States of America - Pennsylvania Regulations

  • 5.1. Regulatory framework for drinking water, wastewater discharge and reuse
    • 5.1.1. Main government bodies
      • Figure 5.1: Government bodies: Drinking water, wastewater discharge and reuse regulation in Pennsylvania
    • 5.1.2. Relevant legislation
      • Figure 5.2: State and Federal level legislation in Pennsylvania
  • 5.2. Drinking water quality regulations
    • 5.2.1. Drinking water quality standards
      • Figure 5.3: Pennsylvania safe drinking water regulations - Primary contaminants
      • 5.2.1.1. New drinking water regulations
    • 5.2.2. Implementation of regulations and compliance
      • 5.2.2.1. Monitoring and compliance
        • Figure 5.4: Coliform monitoring frequency
  • 5.3. Municipal and industrial wastewater quality regulations
    • 5.3.1. Wastewater quality regulations
      • 5.3.1.1. Wastewater discharge standards
        • Figure 5.5: Specific water quality criteria (25 Pa. Code § 93.7)
        • Figure 5.6: Pennsylvania surface water quality criteria (25 Pa. Code § 93.8c)
        • Figure 5.7: Great Lakes aquatic life and human health criteria (25 Pa. Code § 93.8e)
      • 5.3.1.2. Sewage sludge regulations
        • Figure 5.8: Biosolids regulations - Pollutant limits (25 Pa. Code § 271.914)
    • 5.3.2. Implementation of regulations and compliance
      • 5.3.2.1. NPDES compliance and enforcement
      • 5.3.2.2. Wastewater treatment plant violations and penalties
    • 5.3.3. Monitoring and sampling
      • 5.3.3.1. Sludge monitoring, sampling and compliance
        • Figure 5.9: Sludge monitoring frequency
  • 5.4. Water reuse regulations
    • 5.4.1. Current regulatory framework
      • Figure 5.10: Guidelines for agricultural reuse applied to non-food crops
    • 5.4.2. Implementation of regulations and compliance
      • Figure 5.11: Storage and loading rate requirements for agricultural reuse non-food crops
      • 5.4.2.1. Compliance, monitoring and sampling
  • 5.5. Future regulatory scenario and conclusions
    • 5.5.2.1. TMDLs in Chesapeake Bay
      • Figure 5.12: Chesapeake Bay TMDL limits
    • 5.5.2.2. New bacteria TMDLs in Pine Creek
      • Figure 5.13: Initial bacterial water quality standards for Pine Creek watershed
      • Figure 5.14: New fecal coliform TMDL endpoints for Pine Creek watershed
  • 5.6. List of laws, standards and policies
  • 5.7. Glossary

6. United States of America - Texas Regulations

  • 6.1. Regulatory framework for drinking water, wastewater discharge and reuse
    • 6.1.1. Main government bodies
      • Figure 6.1: Government bodies: Drinking water, wastewater discharge and reuse regulation in Texas
      • 6.1.2. Relevant legislation
        • Figure 6.2: State and Federal level legislation in Texas
  • 6.2. Drinking water quality regulations
    • 6.2.1. Drinking water quality standards
      • Figure 6.3: Secondary Standard constituent levels
    • 6.2.2. Implementation of regulations and compliance
      • 6.2.2.1. Monitoring and compliance
        • Figure 6.4: Monitoring frequency for contaminants in drinking water
      • 6.2.2.2. Inorganic contaminants compliance
      • 6.2.2.3. Organic contaminants compliance
  • 6.3. Municipal and industrial wastewater quality regulations
    • 6.3.1. Wastewater quality regulations
      • Figure 6.5: 2010 amendments on expanded recreational use categories
      • 6.3.1.1. Wastewater discharge standards
        • Figure 6.6: Texas surface water quality criteria
    • 6.3.2. Implementation of regulations and compliance
      • 6.3.2.1. Fines and penalties from industrial sources
    • 6.3.3. Monitoring and sampling
      • Figure 6.7: Chronic and acute testing frequencies for facilities with WET requirements
      • 6.3.3.1. WET test violations and noncompliance
        • Figure 6.8: Procedure for Addressing WET Limit Violations
  • 6.4. Water reuse regulations
    • 6.4.1. Current regulatory framework
      • Figure 6.9: Quality standards for using reclaimed water (Rule §210.33)
    • 6.4.2. Implementation of regulations and compliance
      • Figure 6.10: Specific Uses of Reclaimed Water (Rule §210.32)
      • 6.4.2.1. Monitoring, sampling and compliance
  • 6.5. Future regulatory scenario and conclusions
  • 6.6. List of laws, standards and policies
  • 6.7. Glossary

7. United States of America - Utilities

Back to Top