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米国の電力企業におけるデマンドレスポンス (DR) 情勢:計画、ケーススタディ、経済性

The U.S. Utility Demand Response Landscape: Programs, Case Studies and Economics

発行 Greentech Media Inc. 商品コード 498966
出版日 ページ情報 英文 50 Pages
納期: 即日から翌営業日
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米国の電力企業におけるデマンドレスポンス (DR) 情勢:計画、ケーススタディ、経済性 The U.S. Utility Demand Response Landscape: Programs, Case Studies and Economics
出版日: 2017年05月08日 ページ情報: 英文 50 Pages
概要

米国の電力企業では巨額な資本投下の代わりに、デマンドレスポンス (DR) プログラムを立案し、電力負荷の増大への対応を進めてきました。しかし、近年では電力負荷の伸び率が低下しており、それに合わせてDR事業の収益率も縮小しつつあります。DR計画の運用者サイドでは、需要サイド管理 (DSM) を始めとする様々な手段を駆使して、付加価値の獲得などに努めています。

当レポートでは、米国国内の大手電力企業 (ユーティリティ企業) における、デマンドレスポンス (DR) 計画への参入状況について調査し、DR計画の全体的な進行状況や、電力企業の全体的な参加状況、分野別 (業務用/家庭用DR) の市場動向見通し、代表的事例の概略・成果、今後の市場成長・事業拡張の方向性などについて分析しております。

目次

  • 分析のポイント
  • イントロダクション
  • 米国のデマンドレスポンス (DR) 市場:代表的な電力企業
  • ISO/RTO (独立系統運用機関/地域送電機関) 市場における、電力企業のDR計画への参加状況
  • 商業/産業施設向けDR計画
  • 住宅向けDR計画
  • ケーススタディ:Baltimore Gas & Electric
  • ケーススタディ:Idaho Power
  • ケーススタディ:Southern California Edison
  • 結論
  • 付録

図表一覧

目次

In response to high load growth, utilities formed demand response programs as an alternative to capital-intensive investments in 40-year generation or grid assets. However, as load growth has decreased in recent years, profit margins from demand response programs have dwindled.

Forward-looking program administrators are targeting system peaks on a temporal and locational basis through a combination of techniques, including geo-targeting, peak coincident energy-efficiency measures and demand response. Leading utilities find value in these multi-tactical programs, referred to as demand-side management, through their ability to engage customers and bring value across all levels of the grid.

Representative Value Streams for Demand Response

image1

This 50-page report looks at how leading utilities are addressing load and capacity changes through demand response programs. An analysis of specific efforts in both commercial & industrial and residential customer segments demonstrates how value is created for end-users and utilities.

The report concludes with specific case studies, and highlights how end-user behavior influences the evolution of energy efficiency and demand response towards a more comprehensive formulation of demand-side management.

This report is part of our Grid Edge Research Service. A subscription to our research service provides you with market intelligence in the following markets:

  • Advanced metering infrastructure (AMI)
  • Customer energy management & analytics
  • DER services
  • Distribution automation
  • Electric vehicles
  • Microgrids
  • Network operations software & analytics

Sample Figures

image2

Table of Contents

  • 1. Key Findings
  • 2. Introduction
  • 3. Leading Utilities in the U.S. Demand Response Market
  • 4. Utility DR Program Participation in ISO/RTO Markets
  • 5. Commercial and Industrial Demand Response
  • 6. Residential Demand Response Programs
  • 7. Case Study: Baltimore Gas & Electric
  • 8. Case Study: Idaho Power
  • 9. Case Study: Southern California Edison
  • 10. Conclusions
  • 11. Appendix

List of Figures

2. Introduction

  • Total Demand Response Flexibility Reported to the EIA in 2015
  • Utility Demand Response at the Grid Edge
  • Representative Value Streams for Demand Response
  • Value Streams in Demand Response Participation in ISO/RTO Markets
  • Value Streams in Utility Demand Response Programs
  • Utility Demand-Side Management (DSM) Spending (U.S. Total in 2015)
  • Utility DSM Cost Recovery Mechanisms in States for Top 25 Utilities
  • Idaho Power Funding for Cost Recovery
  • Expenditures From All Funding Sources on DSM-Related Activity in Idaho and Oregon

3. Leading Utilities in the U.S Demand Response Market

  • Nearly 60% of the Total Demand Response Comes From 25 Utilities
  • Total Demand Response Capacity, Customer Segment and Type of Utilities Covered in Report
  • Available Demand Response Capacity by Utility
  • Summer and Winter Aggregate Peak Demand Reduction Capability In 2015

4. Utility DR Program Participation in ISO/RTO Markets

  • Capacity Monetized in ISO/RTOs and Tennessee Valley Authority

5. Commercial and Industrial Demand Response

  • Demand Response Capability From C&I Customers
  • 31 Programs with Minimum Capacity Requirement for Enrollment
  • Customer Incentive Types and Levels Among Non-Residential Demand Response Programs
  • Total Sample Capacity by MW Capability From C&I Programs
  • The Six Largest Programs in the Country by MW

6. Residential Demand Response Programs

  • Demand Response Capability From Residential Customers
  • 21 Programs With Air-Conditioner Control
  • Customer Incentives From Residential Demand Response Programs
  • Total Sample Capacity by MW Capability From Residential Programs
  • A/C Cycling Compensation for Varying Levels of Participation

7. Case Study: Baltimore Gas & Electric

  • BG&E Demand Response Program Capability Overview
  • BG&E Smart Energy Rewards Customer Engagement Process

8. Case Study: Idaho Power

  • Idaho Power Demand Response Program Capacity as of 2015
  • 2015 Participation by Customer Segment Based on Nomination
  • Breakdown of Idaho Power Demand Response Program Costs

9. Case Study: Southern California Edison

  • Southern California Edison Total MW of Demand Response Activated Monthly in 2016 by Program Type and Event Trigger
  • Summer Discount Plan Demand Response Plan Event Frequency
  • Summer Discount Plan Residential Load Impact per
    • Service Account (MW)

11. Appendix

  • Incorporating Demand Response in System Planning and Operations
  • Demand Response Dispatchability
  • Nearly 8 GW of Demand Response Capacity From 25 Utilities is Managed by Technology From Three Vendors
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