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電気自動車がグリッドへ及ぼす影響:消費者の導入、グリッド負荷および展望

The Impact of Electric Vehicles on the Grid: Customer Adoption, Grid Load and Outlook

発行 Greentech Media Inc. 商品コード 374653
出版日 ページ情報 英文
納期: 即日から翌営業日
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電気自動車がグリッドへ及ぼす影響:消費者の導入、グリッド負荷および展望 The Impact of Electric Vehicles on the Grid: Customer Adoption, Grid Load and Outlook
出版日: 2016年10月18日 ページ情報: 英文
概要

2010年以前、米エネルギー情報局 (EIA) は5万7千台の電気自動車 (EV) が稼働中であると推計しました。2010年から2015年の間に、EVの売上高は150億米ドル、40万台を上回りました。

当レポートでは、電気自動車 (EV) がグリッドへ及ぼす影響について調査しており、EVおよびEVインフラの現況と過去の状況、EVの導入がグリッドへ及ぼす影響、およびEV導入と潜在的影響の予測などをまとめています。

第1章 エグゼクティブサマリー

第2章 EV市場概要および導入

第3章 EV負荷および需要への影響

第4章 EV導入およびその影響の予測

第5章 付録

図表リスト

目次

The electrification of passenger vehicles has become increasingly a part of decarbonization conversations in energy policy and business. Prior to 2010, Energy Information Administration (EIA) estimated a total of 57,000 EVs in use. Between 2010 and 2015, EV sales surpassed 400,000 vehicles with a value of $15 billion.

As long as current trends of increasing consumer interest and decreasing costs continue, EV adoption could increase to 12 million vehicles by 2025. This market growth will have a significant impact to existing and planned grid infrastructure, creating opportunities for existing stakeholders and new market players who can create integrated solutions for the EV driver, electric utility, wholesale energy market and aggregators.

Load Impacts by ISO - 2015 (GWh and %)

                     Source: GTM Research, ISONE, CAISO, ERCOT, PJM, SPP, MISO, NYISO, FERC, EIA

Each of our reports in this two-part series on electric vehicles provide background on the current market, and serve as an analytical toolkit that presents modelling and scenario analysis extending through 2025. The analysis looks into possible impacts to load, demand, distribution and transmission, peak usage and electric rates in specific geographies and nationwide.

Use the first report to gain a comprehensive understanding of:

  • The current and historic market for EVs and EV infrastructure
  • Impact of EV adoption on the grid - with load and demand on specific US geographies
  • A forecast of EV adoption and potential impact through 2025

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

2. EV Market Overview and Adoption

3. EV Load and Demand Impacts

4. Forecast of EV Adoption and Impact

5. Appendices

List of Figures

2. EV Market Overview and Adoption

  • EV Cumulative Sales 2010-2015 (Number of Vehicles and $ Million)
  • EV Sales Compared to All Vehicle Sales, 2010-2015
  • By State Cumulative Sales and EV Registrations per Thousand People 2014
  • Federal and State Incentives Supporting EV Adoption
  • Lifetime Cost of Three Select Vehicles - AFDC Calculator
  • Price and Energy Costs Analysis (EV, PHEV and CV)
  • CO2 Equivalents Emissions by Vehicle Type
  • Barriers to EV Adoption
  • EV Charging Infrastructure Components
  • EV Charger Types and Costs
  • Types of EV Chargers
  • US Charging Outlets by Year
  • Map of US Charging Stations
  • EVs and EV Charging Stations by State
  • EV Market by Model - 2015
  • EV Sales by Model 2010-2015
  • EV Sales by OEM - 2010-2015
  • EV Sales as % of Total Vehicle Sales in US, by Four Major OEMs 2012-2015

3. EV Load and Demand Impacts

  • Overview of EV Grid Impacts
  • Charging Behavior by Various Locations and Charger Type (% of Total Load by Hour)
  • EV Project 'All' Line vs. 'Calculated' Line
  • Historic EV Load Impact, Total US Market (GWh, %)
  • Load Impacts by ISO (GWh and %)
  • On-peak and Off-peak EV Load impact (GWh and %)
  • Peak Hours by ISO
  • US-wide Demand Impact Estimates
  • ISO-level Demand Impacts

2. EV Market Overview and Adoption

  • EV Cumulative Sales 2010-2015 (Number of Vehicles and $ Million)
  • EV Sales Compared to All Vehicle Sales, 2010-2015
  • By State Cumulative Sales and EV Registrations per Thousand People 2014
  • Federal and State Incentives Supporting EV Adoption
  • Lifetime Cost of Three Select Vehicles - AFDC Calculator
  • Price and Energy Costs Analysis (EV, PHEV and CV)
  • CO2 Equivalents Emissions by Vehicle Type
  • Barriers to EV Adoption
  • EV Charging Infrastructure Components
  • EV Charger Types and Costs
  • Types of EV Chargers
  • US Charging Outlets by Year
  • Map of US Charging Stations
  • EVs and EV Charging Stations by State
  • EV Market by Model - 2015
  • EV Sales by Model 2010-2015
  • EV Sales by OEM - 2010-2015
  • EV Sales as % of Total Vehicle Sales in US, by Four Major OEMs 2012-2015

3. EV Load and Demand Impacts

  • Overview of EV Grid Impacts
  • Charging Behavior by Various Locations and Charger Type (% of Total Load by Hour)
  • EV Project 'All' Line vs. 'Calculated' Line
  • Historic EV Load Impact, Total US Market (GWh, %)
  • Load Impacts by ISO (GWh and %)
  • On-peak and Off-peak EV Load impact (GWh and %)
  • Peak Hours by ISO
  • US-wide Demand Impact Estimates
  • ISO-level Demand Impacts