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米国のスマートグリッド政策:2010年

United States Smart Grid Policy 2010

発行 Greentech Media Inc. 商品コード 214830
出版日 ページ情報 英文
納期: 即日から翌営業日
価格
こちらの商品の販売は終了いたしました。
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米国のスマートグリッド政策:2010年 United States Smart Grid Policy 2010
出版日: 2010年07月26日 ページ情報: 英文

当商品の販売は、2016年07月01日を持ちまして終了しました。

概要

エネルギー効率化や再生可能エネルギーに関する認可が全米各地で下りるにつれ、スマートグリッドは各地域でのエネルギー政策に不可欠な要素となってきました。2009年には、連邦政府はスマートグリッドの投資・普及を促進させるために45億米ドルもの予算を投入しました。この動きに合わせて、各州の行政・立法当局や公共事業体、スマートグリッド関連企業といった関係者の間では、政策制定やパイロット計画などを通じて、スマートグリッドの本格的・商業的な導入と環境整備を進めようとしています。

当レポートでは、米国連邦政府のスマートグリッド予算受取額の上位10州を対象として、各州でのスマートグリッド促進政策の制定状況や、商業的なスマートグリッド・インテグレーションの普及状況、主な私営・公益企業の活動、現状に対する関係者の意見などといった内容を盛り込んで、概略以下の構成でお届けします。

本レポートの分析対象となる州

カリフォルニア コロラド フロリダ マサチューセッツ ニュージャージー ニューヨーク ノースカロライナ オハイオ ペンシルバニア テキサス

各州の記載内容の目次(カリフォルニア州の場合)

第1章 イントロダクション:州の状況

第2章 法律上の背景

第3章 規制の状況

第4章 スマートグリッドの規則制定

  • スマートグリッド政策の8つの目標
  • その他の規制上の意思決定
    • スマートグリッド開発計画の要件
    • 急速な認可プロセス
    • 機能性のデッドライン
  • 関連政策の進行状況
    • 「Zero Net Energy」計画
    • 代替的燃料車量に関する規則制定

第5章 導入水準および導入率

  • 最新式電気メーター
  • 最新式ガスメーター

第6章 ユーティリティ・インフラ活動

  • 私営企業
    • Pacific Gas and Electric
    • San Diego Gas & Electric
    • Southern California Edison
    • Southern California Gas
  • 公営企業
    • Los Angeles Department of Water & Power
    • Sacramento Municipal Utilities District
    • Glendale Water and Power
目次

The smart grid will be an essential component of state power scenarios as energy efficiency and renewable energy mandates proliferate across the United States. Since 2009, the Federal government has awarded US$4.5 billion in stimulus funds to spur smart grid investment and demonstration. With this injection of funds and the near-term potential of a scaling smart grid, state legislators, regulators, utilities and grid operators are surveying the stakes of commercial integration and laying boundaries for the sector via policy and pilot initiatives.

Report Atlas With Federal Smart Grid Stimulus by State and Utility

source: GTM Research

Because the laboratories for smart-grid policy are emerging at the state and utility levels, standards and requirements have been more numerous and evolved more rapidly than those at the national level. This state-to-state evolution has presented a variety of market environments for smart-grid technology / application providers to navigate; the variations between each state can be viewed as “case studies” for more specific approaches in the future. Ranging from the example of Florida - where smart-grid development is occurring in the absence of either a statutory mandate or a specific regulatory initiative - to California - where the grid is being smartened under the eagle eye of regulators, politicians and highly-motivated public interest groups - each market' s opportunities and challenges will be based on a matrix of existing grid capability, political will, regulatory direction and utility approach.

This report focuses on the factors contributing to smart grid deployment in the 10 states that collectively received nearly half of the US$4.5 billion in Federal smart-grid stimulus: California, Colorado, Florida, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Texas. Each state' s analysis includes a smart grid status summary, legislative and regulatory breakdowns as well as utility implementation initiative profiles.

Questions the Report Addresses:

  • What is driving smart grid initiatives in these state?
  • How are states shaping their markets for competitive smart-grid integration?
  • Which investor-owned and municipal utilities are most active in smart-grid implementation?
  • How are policymakers and utilities addressing early-adopter difficulties?

Key Elements of the Report:

  • A “State of the State” overview and scenario summary
  • Analysis of relevant legislation affecting smart grid deployment
  • Description and analysis of the current regulatory situation - including recent decisions and open proceedings
  • Summaries of smart grid infrastructure activities by utilities and other grid operators in the state
  • A tabular breakdown of federal smart-grid funding in each state
  • More than 140 primary documents tagged and linked for direct access
  • A comprehensive glossary of smart-gridrelated acronyms

Key Findings

  • Collectively, entities based in these 10 states have been awarded about $1.9 billion of the $4.5 billion in smartgrid investment and demonstration grants under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.
  • Included in this group are two states, California and Texas, that have the nation' s most ambitious advanced metering initiative goals - 21 million in California (including advanced gas metering modules) and 7 million in Texas.
  • California and Texas have encountered early-adopter difficulties in the form of consumer complaints that the new technology failed to measure usage correctly and increased utility bills. Both states have launched inquiries into the complaints, and their initial findings have revealed problems with the technology deployed and with the marketing, education and outreach that accompanied the rollout process.
  • California regulators in June 2010 issued what amounts to an instruction manual for utility smart-grid implementation in the state. With development of advanced metering infrastructure well under way, several California utilities and utility-led organizations are moving forward to additional applications, including electric vehicle planning, “zero net energy” efficiency programs, near-term usage information, advanced wireless communications, home energy management and time-of-use rates.
  • Texas has activated a statewide smart-grid portal, and a regulatory implementation team is involved in efforts to upgrade the portal' s functionality, develop a retail market interface and address infrastructure and policy issues related to electric-vehicle charging.
  • Pennsylvania legislators in 2008 passed a law mandating that AMI be installed for all utility customer accounts within 15 years. In addition, state regulators have taken the unusual action of administratively expanding on the law' s functionality requirements. Their add-on requirements demonstrate their desire to lead the march toward installing a highly interactive smart grid in the state.
  • Massachusetts' implementation of the smart grid benefits from recent, purpose- specific state law. The Bay State statute requires the four investor-owned utilities serving most state residents to launch smart-grid pilot programs. Massachusetts' effort is complicated by the need to mesh its efforts with those of neighboring states and the operator of New England' s ISO.
  • North Carolina, which at $404 million was the biggest state beneficiary of federal smart-grid grantmaking, has focused on technology planning, net metering and home energy-management initiatives. The state' s three major investor-owned utilities all have deployments planned or in progress. A number of publicly owned utilities and cooperatives there also have launched metering, demand-side management or energy efficiency initiatives.
  • Smart grid technologies are explicitly cited in New York' s latest state energy plan as a means to achieve certain social benefits. The state has formed a public/private/academic smart grid consortium to advise and assist project developers.
  • Colorado is a study of the outcomes of aggressive smart-grid promotion by both policymakers and utilities. It has a newly enacted smart grid law in place, and the state is the location of the most ambitious and capital-intensive smart grid pilot project in the U.S. Currently, Colorado' s utility regulatory body is moving on at least four separate smart grid projects.
  • At the other end of the continuum is Florida, whose smart-grid developments have occurred in the absence of either a statutory mandate or a specific regulatory initiative. Despite those circumstances, the state' s investor-owned and municipal utilities have begun adding grid-centric technologies to enhance their distribution operations, support efficiency measures and accommodate the state' s growing portfolio of renewable generation.

Table of Contents

SAMPLE STATE: California

1. Introduction - The State of the State

2. Legislative Background

3. Regulatory Situation

4. The Smart Grid Rulemaking

  • 4.1. The Eight Smart Grid Policy Goals
  • 4.2. Other Regulatory Decisions
    • 4.2.1. Requirements for Smart Grid Deployment Plans
    • 4.2.2. Fast Track Authorizations
    • 4.2.3. Functionality Deadlines
  • 4.3. Related Policy Proceedings
    • 4.3.1. Zero Net Energy Programs
    • 4.3.2. Alternative Fueled Vehicle Rulemaking

5. Deployment Levels and Rates

  • 5.1. Advanced Electric Meters
  • 5.2. Advanced Gas Meters

6. Utility Infrastructure Activities

  • 6.1. Investor Owned Utilities
    • 6.1.1. Pacific Gas and Electric
    • 6.1.2. San Diego Gas & Electric
    • 6.1.3. Southern California Edison
    • 6.1.4. Southern California Gas
  • 6.2. Publicly Owned Utilities
    • 6.2.1. Los Angeles Department of Water & Power
    • 6.2.2. Sacramento Municipal Utilities District
    • 6.2.3 Glendale Water and Power
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