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モバイルバックホールプランニング・エンジニアリングの検討および市場潜在性

Mobile Backhaul Planning & Engineering Considerations and Market Potential

発行 Information Gatekeepers Inc. 商品コード 296316
出版日 ページ情報 英文
納期: 即日から翌営業日
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モバイルバックホールプランニング・エンジニアリングの検討および市場潜在性 Mobile Backhaul Planning & Engineering Considerations and Market Potential
出版日: 2014年02月19日 ページ情報: 英文
概要

米国では成人の87%が携帯電話を所有していますが、トラフィックは記録的な速度で成長を続けています。現在は多くの人々が複数のセルラーデバイスを所有しており、この傾向は増加しています。2013年のモバイルデバイス(電話、タブレット、ノートPCなど)所有数は、世界の人口を上回る見込みです。現在の米国におけるモバイルトラフィックは、2000年における全インターネットトラフィックの12倍になっています。モバイルデータトラフィックは2012年に70%増加しました。

当レポートでは、バックホールのプランニングおよびエンジニアリングについて取り上げ、セルラー産業の市場潜在性についての予測を提供しており、モバイルデバイス成長の統計と予測、北米市場を中心としたセルラー産業の市場潜在性、各種バックホールのレビュー、バックホールの汎用アーキテクチャーとセルラーアーキテクチャーへの直接利用、トラフィックについての検討事項および主なバックホール機器ベンダーのリストなどをまとめ、概略以下の構成でお届けいたします。

イントロダクション

主な米国セルラーキャリアの市場潜在性

  • モバイルデバイス:予測

主な米国セルラーキャリアの市場潜在性

  • 世界のモバイル企業
  • 加入者数:主要キャリア別、北米 - 予測

モバイルデバイス販売の市場潜在性:メーカー別の予測

  • 米国のアクティブモバイルデバイス予測
  • 世界のデバイス売上 - 実際
  • 米国のデバイス売上 - 実際・予測

バックホールの種類

  • マイクロ波無線
  • その他の無線代替品
  • ペア銅ケーブル
  • ペアファイバーケーブル

バックホールのアーキテクチャー

  • ネットワークへの/からのリンク
  • モバイルスイッチングオフィス(MSU)
  • タワー接続 - バックホール
  • タワー
  • デバイス接続のためのタワー
  • モバイル周波数の歴史
  • 現在の利用 - 米国
  • セルラーデバイス
  • OS

バックホールアプリケーションの状況

  • グリーン - 未開発分野
  • 未開発分野

トラフィックの検討事項

  • トラフィックの利用 - 予測
  • 米国のトラフィック予測
  • ネットワーク上のモバイルトラフィック

エンジニアリングの検討事項

  • 「ソフト」の検討事項
  • 「ハード」の検討事項
  • コストの問題
  • 先進トピック
    • フロントホール
    • FTTA

バックホールハードウェアのメーカーのサンプリング

付録I:米国のモバイルオペレーター

付録II:トラフィック統計関連

付録III:データトラフィックの基本

図表リスト

目次

The popular vision of the mobile industry (beyond the devices) is one of cell towers, but the backbone of the industry is backhaul! Backhaul is the connection of every cell site to the network. Without backhaul, the cell sites are useless.

The word backhaul is somewhat misleading, as it brings up thoughts of double hauling of traffic. This of course is not the case. Backhaul is simply the name applied to the connection to the network. Backhaul has been around much longer than the cellular industry. It is the connection from any point of concentration (cell site, voice switch/concentrator, data switch/router, etc.) to the network. It is the facility that connects to the line side of the router. It is the facility that connects to the network side of a switch.

The cellular industry has grown from almost nothing in the last two decades to the most dominate communications service/technology in the world. However, as the forecasts in this report clearly show, that growth is far from over. Just to put the deluge of mobile devices in perspective here are some statistics:

  • 87% of American adults own cell phones, but traffic continues to grow at a record pace, and many individuals now own multiple cellular devices and that is a growing trend.
  • Over have of these are Smart Phones.
  • It is estimated that in 2013 the number of owned mobile devices (phones, tablets, laptops, etc) exceeded the World's population.
  • US mobile traffic is now 12 times the traffic on the entire Internet in 2000.
  • Mobile data traffic grew 70% in 2012.

The traffic growth on mobile devices continues (in addition to the growth in raw numbers of devices and the movement from just phones to much more capable - and more data hungry - smartphones) as the devices have first embraced high data usage and now are embracing video delivery.

This report is a guideline for considerations for planning and engineering backhaul, as well as forecasts for the cellular industry market potential. It will provide a useful tool for anyone (novice to engineer in the field) to understanding the complexities and choices in planning and engineering a vast variety of telecommunications projects. It will also be invaluable as a guide to the growth that has occurred and is forecast to continue for the cellular industry. While the report is primarily aimed at the cellular industry, it is also intended as a guide for all types of projects requiring a connection to the network.

The report starts with a statistical view of the growth of mobile devices, with forecasts. The next several sections deal with the market potential of the cellular industry with an emphasis on the North American market, but also with information from worldwide sources. It then moves to a review of the various types of backhaul, i.e., facilities that can be used for backhaul. Next is a discussion of the general architecture of backhaul and its direct application to cellular architecture. The next section describes the various application scenarios that may require backhaul. Then there is a more detailed section on traffic considerations, and a very detailed discussion of the various engineering considerations in applying backhaul, (including cost and cost trade-off scenarios) with emphasis on the responsibilities of the backhaul engineer.

The last section lists a sampling of vendors of backhaul equipment. The Appendixes provide detailed information on the traffic engineering concepts referenced in the report.

Report Author

This report was written by Clifford R. Holliday, the author of the highly popular Lightwave series of reports from Information Gatekeepers. He has long been associated with forecasting technology issues. Mr. Holliday spent over 30 years at GTE where he was VP in charge of Technology Planning in Business Planning. Since then he has run his own telecom consulting business (B&C Consulting Services) which provides network development and telecom business planning services to selected clients, and he has published over forty major market and technical reports through Information Gatekeepers. He has been involved with the cellular industry since the beginning, assisting the original team that first built the Verizon (then GTE) cellular network in the early 1980's.

Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TABLE OF FIGURES

THE LIGHTWAVE NETWORK SERIES OF REPORTS

The Lightwave Network

The Lightwave Series of Reports

  • General Reports on the Network
  • General Market Reports
  • Specific Systems Reports

INTRODUCTION

MARKET POTENTIAL OF MAJOR US CELLULAR CARRIERS

  • Mobile Devices - Forecast

MARKET POTENTIAL OF MAJOR US CELLULAR CARRIERS

  • Worldwide Mobile Companies
  • Subscribers by Major Carriers, North America - Forecast

MARKET POTENTIAL OF MOBILE DEVICE SALES - FORECAST BY MANUFACTURER

Forecast for Active US Mobile Devices

World Device Sales - Actual

US Device Sales - Actual and Forecast

TYPES OF BACKHAUL

Types

  • Microwave Radio
  • Other Radio Alternatives
  • Copper Cable Pairs
  • Fiber Cable Pairs

BACKHAUL ARCHITECTURE

  • Link to/from Network
  • Mobile Switching Office (MSU)
  • Tower Connection - Backhaul
  • Tower
  • Tower to Device Connection
  • History of Mobile Frequencies
  • Current Usage - US
  • Cellular Device
  • Operating System

Non-Mobile Backhaul

Mobile Traffic on the Network

BACKHAUL APPLICATION SCENARIOS

"Green - Green Field"

Greenfield

Infrastructure Present

TRAFFIC CONSIDERATIONS

  • Traffic Per Use - Forecast

United States Traffic Forecast

  • Mobile Traffic on the Network

ENGINEERING CONSIDERATIONS

"Soft" Considerations

"Hard" Considerations

  • Traffic sizing
  • Transmission design
  • Facility spares
  • Maintenance spares
  • Secondary communications:
  • Emergency Power
  • Testing and Maintenance:
  • Safety and the Environment:
  • Permitting:

Cost Issues

Advanced Topics

  • Fronthaul
  • FTTA

A SAMPLING OF MANUFACTURES OF BACKHAUL HARDWARE

System Vendor Listing

  • Adva Optical Networking
  • Alcatel-Lucent
  • Cisco
  • ECI
  • Ericsson
  • Fujitsu
  • Infinera
  • Mahi Networks (formerly Photuris) - Meriton - Now Xtera
  • Marconi Corporation plc (Ericsson)
  • Meriton Networks
  • Movaz Networks (ADVA)
  • NEC America Inc.
  • Nistica
  • Nokia Siemens (NSN)
  • Nortel (Now dissolved)
  • OpVista Inc.
  • Tellabs
  • Tropic Networks (Alcatel-Lucent)
  • ZTE

APPENDIX I - US MOBILE OPERATORS

APPENDIX II, TRAFFIC STATISTICS RELATIONSHIPS

APPENDIX III, DATA TRAFFIC FUNDAMENTALS

Internet Traffic Calculations

  • Bits and Bytes
  • Transfer Rate
  • Busy Hour Traffic
  • Protocol Efficiencies
  • Peaking

Table of Figures

  • Figure 1, Lightwave Network
  • Figure 2, Theoretical Traffic Equation
  • Figure 3, Practical Traffic Equation
  • Figure 4, Forecast for US Active Mobile Devices
  • Figure 5, Forecast for US Active Mobile Devices - Table Form
  • Figure 6, Worlds Largest Mobile Phone Companies by Mobile Revenue
  • Figure 7, Subscribers by Carrier - Forecast
  • Figure 8, Subscribers by Carrier Forecast - Table
  • Figure 9, Forecast for US Active Mobile Devices
  • Figure 10, Worldwide Device Sales 2011 -2012
  • Figure 11, Forecast of US Device Sales
  • Figure 12, Forecast of US Device Sales - Table
  • Figure 13, Mobile Service Access Architecture
  • Figure 14, Technologies and Frequencies
  • Figure 15, Current Licenses - US
  • Figure 16, Non-Mobile Backhaul Examples
  • Figure 17, Mobile Network Access
  • Figure 18, Practical Traffic Equation
  • Figure 19, Traffic per use Forecast - United States Mobile Devices
  • Figure 20, Traffic per use Forecast - United States Mobile Devices- Table
  • Figure 21, United States Mobile Traffic Forecast
  • Figure 22, United States Mobile Traffic Forecast - Table
  • Figure 23, Mobile Network Access
  • Figure 24, Dilemma of Wireline vs. Wireless
  • Figure 25, Backhaul Cost Assumptions
  • Figure 26, Cash Flow Chart
  • Figure 27, Combinations of Wireless, Leased and Built Fiber
  • Figure 28: Traffic/Speed Relationships
  • Figure 29: Example of Various Traffic Sizes
  • Figure 30, Multiples of Byte
  • Figure 31: New Transfer Rate Forecast
  • Figure 32: Summary of Concepts
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