対無人飛行システム (UAS) 技術：主要促進要因、動向、新たな発展
Counter-Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) Technologies - Key Drivers, Trends and New Developments
|出版日||ページ情報||英文 62 Pages
|対無人飛行システム (UAS) 技術：主要促進要因、動向、新たな発展 Counter-Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) Technologies - Key Drivers, Trends and New Developments|
|出版日: 2019年01月11日||ページ情報: 英文 62 Pages||
当レポートでは、対無人飛行システム (UAS) 技術について調査分析し、主な技術動向、市場動向、促進要因、需要影響要因、主要5社の概要などについて、体系的な情報を提供しています。
The phenomenal increase in demand for UAV capabilities worldwide, has led to the proliferation of UAV technology to several countries including those which are not on good terms with NATO countries and their allies. The proliferation of UAVs has been so extensive that even insurgent groups such as the IS have been reported to have been using these systems for attacks on Russian and Syrian forces in the conflict in Syria and Iraq. Terrorist tactics have included the arming of cheap UAVs to deploy grenades and mortar rounds which in turn have raised serious concerns on issues regarding the anticipation, prediction and detection of these UAVs by terrorists and hence the burgeoning demand and testing of a range of C-UAS systems with an equal share of focus on detection and subsequent interdiction.
Furthermore, the increasing proliferation of UAVs has become a potential threat to military forces while in the urban scenario, careless UAV pilots may not be aware of them causing a danger to property and national security. Additionally there are non-state actors who are engaging in illegal activities including smuggling, invasion of privacy and industrial espionage. Regardless of the UAV operator's intention, UAVs pose a serious security risk for a number of security stakeholders. Consequently, military forces around the world are continuously investing in the development of new technologies and techniques.
The concept of UAV Swarm attacks have also helped to further the demand for counter-UAS systems globally. Defined as multiple autonomous aircraft networked together, deterrence against a UAV Swarm attack is anticipated to usher in a new era of UAV capabilities, bringing along with it, the need to be able to neutralize such attacks. Such anticipation of attacks using UAVs is the main driving force behind the burgeoning demand for counter-UAS systems which are based on several different combinations of Detection Systems and Active Defense Systems.
Active Defense Systems are in essence interdiction systems which disable or neutralize the rogue UAV by means of mechanisms such as RF Jamming which disrupts the radio frequency link between the UAV and its operator, GNSS Jamming which disrupts the UAV's satellite link, Spoofing which takes over the UAV's communications, Lasers, Nets and projectiles which physically restrain the UAV. Some interdiction systems use a combination of several of these elements in order enhance efficacy of the overall product.
Examples of Detection Systems include Radars, Radio-frequency (RF) receivers which detect UAVs by scanning for frequencies, Electro-Optical (EO) Sensors which are optical sensors and detect UAVs based on their visual signature, Infrared (IR) detectors which are used mostly in low light conditions and Acoustic Sensors which use pre-defined algorithms to recognize unique sound signatures from UAVs.
The report "Counter-Unmanned Aerial System(UAS) Technologies - Key Drivers, Trends and New Developments", offers analysis of the global counter-unmanned aerial system(UAS) technologies and covers key technological and market trends in the industry, and analyzes drivers/factors influencing demand for counter-unmanned aerial systems. Additionally, the report provides an overview of five top spenders in the sector including recent procurements undertaken by these countries and profiles of four major counter-unmanned aerial system manufacturers in the domain.