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中東におけるプラスチック業界:部門牽引力となる下流石油化学の重視化

Plastics Industry in the Middle East - Increased Focus on Downstream Petrochemicals to Drive the Sector

発行 GlobalData 商品コード 239419
出版日 ページ情報 英文 66 Pages
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中東におけるプラスチック業界:部門牽引力となる下流石油化学の重視化 Plastics Industry in the Middle East - Increased Focus on Downstream Petrochemicals to Drive the Sector
出版日: 2012年04月25日 ページ情報: 英文 66 Pages
概要

当レポートでは、中東諸国における経済的多様化を導いた理由とプラスチック産業が多様化から得られる利点、各国GDPにおける石油部門のシェア、下流プラスチック樹脂生産の成長達成のために中東の石油化学産業が導入している戦略、下流石油化学に対する中東の貿易パターン、中国を中心としてアジア諸国への輸出が増加している理由と主要プラスチックの輸出データ、基礎石油化学品と主要プラスチック製品の生産量の成長などについて詳細に調査・分析し、概略下記の構成でお届けいたします。

第1章 目次

第2章 イントロダクション

第3章 石油依存の中東地域は、原料的長所と支援的政府政策のおかげで、上流石油化学産業の拠点となる

  • 数十年間にわたり原油が中東の収益源
  • 原油依存度の高まりにより同地域の経済的不安定性が露呈
  • 中東地域は原油依存度を低下させるため経済的多様化へ着手
  • 天然ガスへの政府補助金は基礎石油化学産業の成長を促進し、多様化プロセスを強化する
  • 継続的な政府支援は中東の石油化学産業の促進に有益

第4章 下流プラスチック産業は既存の基礎石油化学産業から利益を得ようと連携する

  • 好況な上流産業は下流石油化学産業の強力な基礎を築く
  • 下流プラスチック産業は強力な基礎石油化学産業をもとに力を付ける
  • 既存上流石油化学生産者の利益の殆どは垂直的統合から得る
  • 中東におけるプロジェクト計画は同地域のプラスチック生産をさらに促進する

第5章 プラスチック加工産業は多様化傾向から直接的に利益を得る

  • Polymer Parkは加工産業を資金援助により支援する
  • 付加価値プラスチック樹脂への投資は将来増加する見込み
  • 下流プラスチック加工設備は同地域での雇用機会をさらに提供する

第6章 主要アジア/欧州市場をターゲットにする下流多様化

  • 中国、シンガポール、トルコが中東諸国にとっての最大の輸出市場
  • 中国の中東からの輸入量は家電製品/包装/自動車部門からの多大な需要によって大幅に増加
  • シンガポールのプラスチック輸入量は、アジア太平洋地域の積み替え拠点としての地位を確立したため、過去2年間で急増
  • トルコは多量のプラスチックを中東から輸入し、欧州で流通させている

第7章 制限のある安価な原料供給、技術へのアクセス、及び競合的なビジネスモデルが強力な下流石油化学産業を確立する上での課題

  • 奨励金付きのエタン供給は、最近のナフサ原料への強制的な移行において制限されている
  • 欧州/北米の下流生産者と競合するため、新規プラントは近代的な技術を要する
  • 同地域は下流石油化学産業を支援する強固なビジネスモデルを創造する必要がある

第8章 サウジアラビアとイランは経済的多様化における主導国

  • サウジアラビアは中東の石油化学における最大の生産国
  • イランは中東で最も急成長している石油化学産業国

第9章 中東の多様化傾向を先導している主要企業

  • Sadara Chemical Company:Saudi AramcoとDow Chemical Companyの合弁事業
  • Iran Petrochemical Commercial Company:国営石油会社が一部所有
  • The Qatar Petrochemical Company:Qatar Petroleumが一部所有

第10章 付録

図表

目次
Product Code: GDCH006TR

Summary

GlobalData, the industry analysis specialist, has released its latest research, "Plastics Industry in the Middle East - Increased Focus on Downstream Petrochemicals to Drive the Sector". The study, which is an offering from the company's Petrochemical Research Group, provides an in-depth analysis of the Middle East plastics industry. It explains the reasons which led to the economic diversification of the Middle East countries and explains the benefits to the plastics industry from diversification. It gives the share of oil sector in the respective GDPs and analyzes the strategies adopted by the Middle East petrochemicals industry to achieve growth in downstream plastic resins production. The study also discusses the trade pattern of the Middle East for the downstream petrochemicals. It also explains the reason of increased exports to the Asian countries especially China and provides exports data for major plastics (polyethylene, polypropylene, PET resins, polystyrene and polyvinyl chloride). The study provides the basic petrochemicals (ethylene, propylene, butadiene, benzene, toluene, xylenes and methanol) and major plastics capacity growth in the Middle East. The report is built using data and information sourced from proprietary databases, primary and secondary research and in-house analysis by GlobalData's research team of industry experts.

The Middle East is exposed to economic instability due to the increased dependence on the oil sector and it has been continuously trying to diversify its sources of income by developing downstream petrochemicals industry. The oil sector contributes to a large portion of the GDP in the Middle East and sudden price fluctuation affects the revenues generated from the sector. To reduce their dependence on the oil sector, countries in the Middle East embarked upon diversification of their economy which led to the foundation of a strong basic petrochemicals (upstream) industry in the start of last decade. Now the region is moving a step ahead and encouraging the downstream petrochemicals industry which will further enhance the plastic resins production. The Middle East already has a large downstream petrochemicals industry and this move will further boost the downstream petrochemical capacity in the region. Diversification drive will also encourage the plastic processing industry which is currently very small and scattered. Capacity for many of the high value plastics such as acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), ethyl vinyl acetate (EVA) and polycarbonate is also expected to increase in next five years. By 2016, ABS, polycarbonate and EVA capacity in the region will reach to 0.283 million metric tons per annum (MMtpa), 0.285 MMtpa and 0.345 MMtap respectively.

The downstream petrochemicals industry in the Middle East will rely on the Asian demand to absorb these petrochemical capacities. Asia and Europe are the two largest plastic resins importer from the Middle East. However, the Middle East producers will target Asian markets due to the higher demand growth in these markets. Asian countries especially China and India are supporting the downstream petrochemicals demand with their fast growing GDPs and large populations. China is already the largest importer of the downstream petrochemical from the Middle East and it is expected to import huge quantities of downstream petrochemicals in the future also. Other major importers of downstream petrochemicals from the Middle East are Singapore, Turkey, Belgium and India. China's share in downstream petrochemicals imports is much higher due to the indirect consumption which occurs via Singapore which has established itself as the transshipment hub in the Asian petrochemicals industry. Turkey also imports one third of its downstream petrochemicals from the Middle East.

Saudi Arabia and Iran are the two largest petrochemical exporters in the region. Saudi Arabian ethane has the lowest cost in the Middle East region. This feedstock subsidy makes Saudi companies the global low cost producers of downstream petrochemicals. Due to this production and exports of major plastics from Saudi Arabia has increased substantially. Iran has the second largest petrochemicals industry in the region and is growing at a fastest pace. It has the second largest natural gas reserve in the world which provides both energy and petrochemical feedstock to the producers. Both these countries are leading the Middle East downstream diversification drive and continuous government support will help them to enhance their competitiveness in the global downstream petrochemical industry.

To take advantage of the downstream diversification drive many companies in the region have taken initiatives. Saudi Aramco and Dow Chemicals Company have entered into a joint venture to establish Sadara Chemical Company which will construct a mega petrochemical complex in Saudi Arabia with various plastics production units. Iran Petrochemical Commercial Company will also benefit from the diversification drive since polymers is the second largest revenue generating segment among all the petrochemicals exporting segments. The Qatar Petrochemical Company has already planned three downstream petrochemical complexes and is has just entered into a JV with Qatar Petroleum to construct polyethylene and polypropylene plants in Ras Laffan.

Scope

The report provides an in-depth analysis, market opportunities and challenges for the manufacturers of downstream petrochemicals worldwide. It contains detailed information about plastics production capacities in the major Middle East countries. Its scope includes -

  • Revenues earned by the major Middle East countries from the oil sector and the share of oil sector in the respective exports revenue and GDPs.
  • Historical and forecasted basic petrochemicals capacity in the Middle East
  • Basic petrochemicals capacity share of the Middle East
  • Major plastics capacity by product in the Middle East
  • Major plastics' capacity split by region
  • Panned plastics capacity in the Middle East countries such as Iran, the UAE, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar
  • Middle East major plastics exports trend and historic imports by major countries such as China, Singapore and Turkey
  • Middle East share in the major plastic imports of China, Singapore and Turkey
  • Historic demand and production of the major plastics in Saudi Arabia and Iran

Reasons to buy

The report will enhance your decision-making capability in a more rapid and time sensitive manner. It will allow you to -

  • Understand the impact of downstream diversification drive in the Middle East plastics industry
  • Develop business strategies with the help of specific insights on downstream petrochemicals supply scenario in the Middle East
  • Identify opportunities in the major Middle East petrochemical industries such as Saudi Arabia, Iran and Qatar
  • Identify prospective investment targets through updates on active and planned petrochemicals complex in the Middle East
  • Increase future revenue and profitability with the help of insights on the future opportunities and critical success factors in the Middle East petrochemical industry

Table of Contents

1. Table of Contents

  • 1.1. List of Tables
  • 1.2. List of Figures

2. Introduction

  • 2.1. Overview
  • 2.2. GlobalData Report Guidance

3. Oil-dependant Middle East Region became the Hub of the Upstream Petrochemical Industry Owing to Feedstock Advantage and Supporting Government Policies

  • 3.1. Crude Oil has been the Source of Revenue in the Middle East for Several Decades
  • 3.2. Higher Crude Oil Dependency Exposes the Region to Economic Instability
  • 3.3. The Middle East Region Embarked Upon Economic Diversification to Reduce the Dependency on Crude Oil
  • 3.4. Natural Gas Subsidies by the Governments Facilitated Growth of the Basic Petrochemical Industry and Strengthened Diversification Process
    • 3.4.1. Natural Gas Subsidies Encouraged the Middle East Producers to Establish Basic Petrochemical Plants
    • 3.4.2. Diversification Process Accelerated with the Basic Petrochemicals Capacity Expansion on a Large Scale
  • 3.5. Continuous Government Support has been Instrumental in Elevating the Middle East Petrochemical Industry

4. Downstream Plastics Industry is Aligning itself to Take Benefit from Already Established Basic Petrochemical Industry

  • 4.1. Prosperous Upstream Industries Created Strong Foundation for the Downstream Petrochemical Industry
    • 4.1.1. Huge Oil and Gas Reserves are the Backbone of a Strong Upstream Petrochemical Industry
    • 4.1.2. Increased Oil and Gas Production Led to Enhanced Feedstock Availability
  • 4.2. Downstream Plastics Industry to Strengthen from the Strong Basic Petrochemical Industry
    • 4.2.1. The Middle East Plastics Capacity will Surpass North America Plastics Capacity by 2016
    • 4.2.2. Emphasis on Downstream Petrochemicals will Avoid Overcapacity of Basic Petrochemicals
  • 4.3. Existing Upstream Petrochemical Producers will Benefit the Most from Vertical Integration
  • 4.4. Planned Projects in the Middle East will Further Promote the Plastics Production in the Region

5. The Plastics Processing Industry to Benefit Directly from the Diversification Drive

  • 5.1. Polymer Parks will Encourage the Processing Industry by Providing Financial Benefits
    • 5.1.1. Abu Dhabi Polymer Park is the First of Its Kind to Strengthen Plastics Processing Industry
    • 5.1.2. Rabigh Conversion Industrial Park is a Saudi Initiative to Encourage Plastics and Packaging Cluster
    • 5.1.3. Plaschem Parks are Being Planned in Yanbu and Jubail in Saudi Arabia
  • 5.2. Investment in Value Added Plastic Resins is Expected to Increase in the Future
  • 5.3. Downstream Plastics Conversion Units to Provide More Employment Opportunities in the Region

6. Downstream Diversification to Target the Major Asian and European Markets

  • 6.1. China, Singapore and Turkey are the Largest Export Markets for the Middle East Countries
  • 6.2. China's Imports from the Middle East have Grown Substantially Due to Strong Demand from the Home Appliances, Packaging and Automotive Sectors
    • 6.2.1. Chinese Imports from the Middle East have Grown Five Times in the Last 10KKKKK Years
    • 6.2.2. Home Appliances Subsidy Scheme Stimulating the Plastics Demand in China
    • 6.2.3. Packaging Sector Demand for Plastics is Set to Increase after Recession
    • 6.2.4. Increase in Automotive Production will Ensure Higher Plastics Demand
  • 6.3. Singapore Plastics Imports Surged in the Last Two Years as it Established Itself as Transshipment Hub in the Asia-Pacific Region
  • 6.4. Turkey is Importing Major Plastics from the Middle East and Distributing in Europe

7. Limited Cheaper Feedstock Supply, Access to Technologies and Competitive Business Models are the Challenges to Establish a Strong Downstream Petrochemical Industry

  • 7.1. Subsidized Ethane Supply has Restricted in the Recent Past Forcing Producers to Shift to Naphtha Feedstock
  • 7.2. New Plants Require Modern Technologies to Compete with Downstream Producers in Europe and North America
  • 7.3. The Region Needs to Create a Robust Business Model Supporting the Downstream Petrochemical Industry

8. Saudi Arabia and Iran are the Leading Countries Involved in Economic Diversification

  • 8.1. Saudi Arabia is the Largest Manufacturer of Petrochemicals in the Middle East
    • 8.1.1. Integration of Refineries and Petrochemical Plants Makes Saudi Petrochemical Industry More Efficient
    • 8.1.2. Saudi Arabia Plastics Exports Relies on Asia-Pacific Demand
  • 8.2. Iran is the Fastest Growing Petrochemical Industry in the Middle East
    • 8.2.1. The US and European Sanctions Slowing the Iranian Petrochemical Industry Growth Rate
    • 8.2.2. Iran Plans to Expand its Petrochemical Industry and Increase Polymer Exports

9. Major Companies at the Helm of Diversification Drive in the Middle East

  • 9.1. Sadara Chemical Company - A Joint Venture between Saudi Aramco and Dow Chemical Company
    • 9.1.1. State of the Art Complex will Use Feedstock Supplied by Saudi Aramco
    • 9.1.2. The JV will Benefit from Dow's Technological Know-how and Marketing Network Outside the Middle East Region
    • 9.1.3. Adjoining Plastics Conversion Park will Promote Plastics Processing Industry
  • 9.2. Iran Petrochemical Commercial Company - Partially Owned by National Petroleum Company
    • 9.2.1. PCC Exports Petrochemicals from Eight Petrochemical Producing Regions in Iran
    • 9.2.2. Polymer Export is Encouraged by the Government Due to Higher Revenue Generation
  • 9.3. The Qatar Petrochemical Company - Partially Owned by Qatar Petroleum
    • 9.3.1. QP also Hold All the Major Planned Plastics Plants are Partially Owned by Sate Owned QP
    • 9.3.2. Joint Venture between QAPCO and DOW will Start Polyolefin Production by 2018

10. Appendix

  • 10.1. Abbreviations
  • 10.2. Definitions
    • 10.2.1. Installed Plant Capacity
    • 10.2.2. Key Feedstock
    • 10.2.3. Process
    • 10.2.4. Technology
  • 10.3. GlobalData's Research Methodology
    • 10.3.1. Coverage
    • 10.3.2. Secondary Research
    • 10.3.3. Primary Research
    • 10.3.4. Expert Panel Validation
  • 10.4. Bibliography
  • 10.5. Contact Us
  • 10.6. Disclaimer

List of Tables

  • Table 1: The Middle East Petroleum Industry, Share of the Oil Sector in Exports Revenue and GDP, %, 2010
  • Table 2: The Middle East Petroleum Industry, Exports Revenue from Oil Sector, $bn, 1990-2010
  • Table 3: Global Petrochemical Industry, the Middle East Basic Petrochemicals Capacity Share, %, 2000-2011
  • Table 4: The Middle East Petrochemical Industry, Basic Petrochemicals Capacity, MMtpa, 2000-2016
  • Table 5: The Middle East Petrochemical Industry, Basic Petrochemicals Complex Details, 2011
  • Table 6: The Middle East Petrochemical Industry, Basic Petrochemicals Complex Details, 2011 (Contd.)
  • Table 7: Global Oil and Gas Industry, the Middle East Share in Proved Reserve, %, 2010
  • Table 8: The Middle East Oil and Gas Industry, Crude Oil Production (MMbbl) and Natural Gas Production (bcf), 2010
  • Table 9: The Middle East Petrochemical Industry, Major Plastics Capacity by Product, MMtpa, 2000-2016
  • Table 10: The Global Petrochemical Industry, Major Plastics Capacity Split by Region, %, 2011-2016
  • Table 11: China Petrochemical Industry, Basic Petrochemical Capacity, MMtpa, 2000-2015
  • Table 12: Middle East Plastics Industry, Planned Capacity by Country, %, 2012-2016
  • Table 13: Middle East Plastics Industry, Planned Projects Details, 2012-2016
  • Table 14: Middle East Plastics Industry, Planned Projects Details, 2012-2016 (Contd.)
  • Table 15: The Middle East ABS, Polycarbonate and EVA Industries, Active and Planned Plants Details
  • Table 16: Unemployment Rate, the Middle East and the World, %, 2005-2011
  • Table 17: The Middle East Plastics Industry, Top Five Export Markets, MMtpa, 2010
  • Table 18: China Plastics Industry, Imports from the Middle East, MMtpa, 2000-2010
  • Table 19: China Plastics Industry, the Middle East Share in Major Plastics Imports, %, 2010
  • Table 20: China Packaging Industry, Output Value, 2003-2010
  • Table 21: China Automotive Industry, Production, Million Units, 2000-2011
  • Table 22: Singapore Plastics Industry, Imports from the Middle East, MMtpa 2000-2010
  • Table 23: Singapore Plastics Industry, Middle East Share in Major Plastics Import, %, 2010
  • Table 24: Turkey Plastics Industry, Imports from the Middle East, MMtpa 2000-2010
  • Table 25: Turkey Plastics Industry, Middle East Share in Major Plastics Imports, %, 2010
  • Table 26: The Middle East Petrochemical Industry, Planned Projects Based on Naphtha, 2012-2016
  • Table 27: Saudi Arabia Plastics Industry, Demand and Production, MMtpa, 2000-2016
  • Table 28: Saudi Arabia Petrochemical Industry, Major Plastics Exports by Region, %, 2010
  • Table 29: Iran Plastics Industry, Demand and Production, MMtpa, 2000-2016
  • Table 30: Iran Petrochemical Industry, Major Plastics Exports by Region, %, 2010
  • Table 31: Iran Petrochemicals Industry, Plastic Exports by Region, %, 2010
  • Table 32: Sadara Chemical Company, Al- Jubail Complex Details, 2012-2016
  • Table 33: Iran Plastics Industry, Planned Plant Details, 2012-2016
  • Table 34: Iran Petrochemical Commercial Co., Exports share of Major Segments by Value and Quantity, %, 2010
  • Table 35: Qatar Petroleum, Planned Plants Details, 2012-2016
  • Table 36: Qatar Petroleum-QAPCO JV, Planned Project Details

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: The Middle East Petroleum Industry, Share of the Oil Sector in Exports Revenue and GDP, %, 2010
  • Figure 2: The Middle East Petroleum Industry, Exports Revenue from Oil Sector, $bn, 1990-2010
  • Figure 3: Global Petrochemical Industry, the Middle East Basic Petrochemicals Capacity Share, %, 2000-2011
  • Figure 4: The Middle East Petrochemical Industry, Basic Petrochemicals Capacity, MMtpa, 2000-2016
  • Figure 5: Global Oil and Gas Industry, the Middle East Share in Proved Reserve, %, 2010
  • Figure 6: The Middle East Oil and Gas Industry, Crude Oil Production (MMbbl) and Natural Gas Production (bcf), 2010
  • Figure 7: The Middle East Petrochemical Industry, Major Plastics Capacity by Product, MMtpa, 2000-2016
  • Figure 8: The Global Petrochemical Industry, Major Plastics Capacity Split by Region, %, 2011-2016
  • Figure 9: China Petrochemical Industry, Basic Petrochemicals Capacity, MMtpa, 2000-2015
  • Figure 10: Middle East Plastics Industry, Planned Capacity by Country, %, 2012-2016
  • Figure 11: Unemployment Rate, the Middle East and the World, %, 2005-2011
  • Figure 12: The Middle East Plastics Industry, Top Five Export Markets, MMtpa, 2010
  • Figure 13: China Plastics Industry, Imports from the Middle East, MMtpa, 2000-2010
  • Figure 14: China Plastics Industry, the Middle East Share in Major Plastics Imports, %, 2010
  • Figure 15: China Packaging Industry, Output Value, 2003-2010
  • Figure 16: China Automotive Industry, Production, Million Units, 2000-2011
  • Figure 17: Singapore Plastics Industry, Imports from the Middle East, MMtpa 2000-2010
  • Figure 18: Singapore Plastics Industry, the Middle East Share in Major Plastics Import, %, 2010
  • Figure 19: Turkey Plastics Industry, Imports from the Middle East, MMtpa 2000-2010
  • Figure 20: Turkey Plastics Industry, Middle East Share in Major Plastics Imports, %, 2010
  • Figure 21: Saudi Arabia Plastics Industry, Demand and Production, MMtpa, 2000-2016
  • Figure 22: Saudi Arabia Petrochemical Industry, Major Plastics Exports by Region, %, 2010
  • Figure 23: Iran Plastics Industry, Demand and Production, MMtpa, 2000-2016
  • Figure 24: Iran Petrochemical Industry, Major Plastics Exports by Region, %, 2010
  • Figure 25: Iran Petrochemicals Industry, Plastic Exports by Region, %, 2010
  • Figure 26: Iran Petrochemical Commercial Co., Exports Share of Major Segments by Value and Quantity, %, 2010
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