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欧州の再生可能エネルギー政策ハンドブック

Europe Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2017

発行 GlobalData 商品コード 239376
出版日 ページ情報 英文 227 Pages
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欧州の再生可能エネルギー政策ハンドブック Europe Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2017
出版日: 2017年05月10日 ページ情報: 英文 227 Pages
概要

当レポートでは、欧州諸国における再生可能エネルギー政策について詳細に分析し、各国の現在/将来の政策目標や、現在の政策骨子および推進体制、具体的な政策手段 (補助金制度など)、今後の高成長が見込まれる地域/発電方式、将来の市場成長の機会と克服すべき課題、地域全体の技術・政策・市場の傾向といった情報を取りまとめてお届けいたします。

第1章 目次

第2章 エグゼクティブ・サマリー

第3章 イントロダクション

第4章 オーストリアの再生可能エネルギー政策

第5章 ベルギーの再生可能エネルギー政策

第6章 ブルガリアの再生可能エネルギー政策

第7章 クロアチアの再生可能エネルギー政策

第8章 チェコの再生可能エネルギー政策

第9章 デンマークの再生可能エネルギー政策

第10章 フィンランドの再生可能エネルギー政策

第11章 フランスの再生可能エネルギー政策

第12章 ドイツの再生可能エネルギー政策

第13章 ギリシャの再生可能エネルギー政策

第14章 アイルランドの再生可能エネルギー政策

第15章 イタリアの再生可能エネルギー政策

第16章 オランダの再生可能エネルギー政策

第17章 ノルウェーの再生可能エネルギー政策

第18章 ポーランドの再生可能エネルギー政策

第19章 ポルトガルの再生可能エネルギー政策

第20章 ルーマニアの再生可能エネルギー政策

第21章 ロシアの再生可能エネルギー政策

第22章 スロバキアの再生可能エネルギー政策

第23章 スロベニアの再生可能エネルギー政策

第24章 スペインの再生可能エネルギー政策

第25章 スウェーデンの再生可能エネルギー政策

第26章 スイスの再生可能エネルギー政策

第27章 トルコの再生可能エネルギー政策

第28章 英国の再生可能エネルギー政策

第29章 ウクライナの再生可能エネルギー政策

第30章 付録

図表

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目次

Renewable energy represents a possible solution to two major global issues: global warming and diminishing fossil fuel reserves. It is sustainable and clean, generally emitting no or very little carbon dioxide and these factors have led major countries to shift their focus toward the development of renewable energy policy. Renewable energy has the potential to boost the global economy. However, the most important challenge in the deployment of renewable energy is that it is more expensive than conventional fuels. In order to make renewable energy competitive, it is necessary for governments to provide support in the form of favorable policies and incentives.

Europe is the region with the most number of countries actively promoting the development of renewable power capacity. All European Union (EU) member countries have targets designated by the EU in order for the EU to comply with international emission norms. To achieve this, each country has its own National renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) which, among other things, includes a target to increase renewable energy generation in order to reduce emissions.

Feed-in Tariffs (FITs), tax incentives, and grants are the most common supportive measures used in the region to promote the uptake of renewable energy. Eighteen of the twenty six countries have both tax exemption and grants for renewable energy. Grants are given at different levels of the value chain to promote growth with research, development, and demonstration projects being the most likely recipients, as these are the most risky and hence deemed more deserving.

FITs have played a major role in developing renewable energy in Europe. This is evident from the case of Spain where renewable energy installations skyrocketed during 2007-2008, due to the introduction of a very generous FIT in early 2007. Once the government realized the unsustainable nature of the tariffs and reduced them, the installation dramatically fell to almost zero in 2009. With adjusted FITs, a moderate amount of annual addition continued till 2013 after which the country completely removed FITs leading to annual additions falling to less than 10 MW in 2014 and 2015. With no announced plans to reintroduce FITs, the outlook for solar and other renewable technologies in Spain is bleak.

Tax incentives are also provided to contenders from different parts of the renewable energy value chain. Manufacturers and plant owners are the usual recipients of several types of tax incentives including a reduced or exempted Value Added Tax (VAT) on purchase of components related to improvement or transformation of energy systems. Individuals investing in renewable energy funds and individuals installing residential renewable energy for home consumption are also given tax incentives in some countries.

The report "Europe Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2017" offers comprehensive information on major policies governing renewable energy market in the region.

In depth, this report enables to access the following -

  • Provides the current and future renewable energy targets and plans along with the present policy framework, giving a fair idea of overall growth potential of the renewable energy industry.
  • Provides major technology specific policies and incentives provided in the region.
  • Covers policy measures and incentives used by Europe to promote renewable energy.
  • Details promotional measures in Europe both for the overall renewable energy industry and for specific renewable energy technologies that have potential in the region.
  • Helps to identify opportunities and challenges in exploiting various renewable technologies.
  • Helps in developing business strategies with the help of specific insights about policy decisions being taken for different renewable energy sources.

Scope

  • The report covers policy measures and incentives used by Europe to promote renewable energy.
  • The report details promotional measures in Europe both for the overall renewable energy industry and for specific renewable energy technologies that have potential in the region.

Reasons to buy

The report will enhance your decision making capability in a more rapid and time sensitive manner. It will allow you to -

  • Develop business strategies with the help of specific insights about policy decisions being taken for different renewable energy sources.
  • Identify opportunities and challenges in exploiting various renewable technologies.
  • Compare the level of support provided to different renewable energy technologies in Europe.
  • Be ahead of competition by keeping yourself abreast of all the latest policy changes.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Table of Contents
  • 2. Executive Summary
  • 3. Introduction
  • 4. Renewable Energy Policy, Austria
  • 5. Renewable Energy Policy, Belgium
  • 6. Renewable Energy Policy, Bulgaria
  • 7. Renewable Energy Policy, Croatia
  • 8. Renewable Energy Policy, Czech Republic
  • 9. Renewable Energy Policy, Denmark
  • 10. Renewable Energy Policy, Finland
  • 11. Renewable Energy Policy, France
  • 12. Renewable Energy Policy, Germany
  • 13. Renewable Energy Policy, Greece
  • 14. Renewable Energy Policy, Ireland
  • 15. Renewable Energy Policy, Italy
  • 16. Renewable Energy Policy, Netherlands
  • 17. Renewable Energy Policy, Norway
  • 18. Renewable Energy Policy, Poland
  • 19. Renewable Energy Policy, Portugal
  • 20. Renewable Energy Policy, Romania
  • 21. Renewable Energy Policy, Russian Federation
  • 22. Renewable Energy Policy, Slovakia
  • 23. Renewable Energy Policy, Slovenia
  • 24. Renewable Energy Policy, Spain
  • 25. Renewable Energy Policy, Sweden
  • 26. Renewable Energy Policy, Switzerland
  • 27. Renewable Energy Policy, Turkey
  • 28. Renewable Energy Policy, UK
  • 29. Renewable Energy Policy, Ukraine
  • 30. Appendix

List of Tables

  • Table 1: Renewable Energy Policy, Europe
  • Table 2: Renewable Energy Policy, Austria, Feed-in Tariffs, 2016
  • Table 3: NREAP Target by Renewable Energy Technology, Austria, 2015-2020
  • Table 4: Power Market, Austria, Energy Strategy Targets by Sector
  • Table 5: Power Market, Austria, Energy Strategy Targets by Technology
  • Table 6: Investment Subsidy for Off-grid Installations, Austria, Eligibility by Renewable Source, 2015
  • Table 7: Investment Subsidy for PV on Buildings, Austria, Fixed Tariff by Size, 2015-2017
  • Table 8: Power Market, Belgium, Energy Efficiency Targets 2020
  • Table 9: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Bulgaria, Eligible Technologies, 2016
  • Table 10: Power Market, Bulgaria, Feed-in Tariffs ($/MWh), 2016
  • Table 11: Renewable Energy, Croatia, Capacity targets, 2015-2020
  • Table 12: Renewable Energy Market, Sweden, Quota Obligation per MWh, 2016-2035
  • Table 13: Renewable Energy Policy, Denmark, Feed-in Tariffs for Biopower, 2016-2018
  • Table 14: Renewable Energy Policy, Finland, Feed-in Tariff for Biopower, 2016
  • Table 15: Power Market, Finland, Energy Saving Targets
  • Table 16: Renewable Energy, Feed-in Tariffs (€/kWh), France, 2017
  • Table 17: Renewable Energy, Tenders for PV systems, France, 2016-2019
  • Table 18: Expansion Corridor Targets, Germany, 2020-2050
  • Table 19: Tender Rules and Legal Requirements, Germany
  • Table 20: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff, Germany, Solar Power, March 2016
  • Table 21: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff, Germany, Wind Power, 2012
  • Table 22: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff, Germany, Hydropower, 2014
  • Table 23: ETMEAR Rates (€) per Voltage Level, Greece, 2015-2016
  • Table 24: Renewable Energy Policy, Greece, Renewable Energy Targets (%), 2020
  • Table 25: Renewable Energy Policy, Greece, Wind Energy, Feed-in Tariffs, 2016
  • Table 26: Renewable Energy Policy, Greece, Photovoltaic Energy, Feed-in Tariffs, 2016
  • Table 27: Renewable Energy Policy, Greece, Geothermal Energy, Feed-in Tariffs, 2016
  • Table 28: Renewable Energy Policy, Greece, Biomass and Biofuel, Feed-in Tariffs, 2015
  • Table 29: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff 1, Ireland, 2015-2016
  • Table 30: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff 2, Ireland, 2015-2016
  • Table 31: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff 3, Ireland, 2015-2016
  • Table 32: Renewable Energy Efficiency Targets, Ireland, 2014-2020
  • Table 33: Renewable Energy Targets (%), Italy, 2020
  • Table 34: Maximum Time to Reach Operation from Registration (Months), Italy, 2016
  • Table 35: Renewable Energy Subsidy Available under SDE+ Scheme (€ and $), 2015
  • Table 36: Renewable Energy Targets (%), Netherlands, 2020
  • Table 37: Renewable Energy Quota (MWh), Norway, 2015-2035
  • Table 38: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Poland, 2013-2021
  • Table 39: Renewable Energy Loan Benefits, Poland, 2016
  • Table 40: Renewable Energy Targets (%), Poland, 2020
  • Table 41: Renewable Energy Targets (%), Quota Levels, Poland, 2013-2021
  • Table 42: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Poland, 2016
  • Table 43: Renewable Energy Feed-in-Tariffs, Portugal, 2017
  • Table 44: Renewable Energy Quota for Energy Companies (%), Romania, 2010-2020
  • Table 45: Allocation of Green Certificates , Romania, 2016
  • Table 46: Minimum Local Content Requirement (%), Russia, 2014-2020
  • Table 47: Annual Limits on Renewable Capacity Addition (MW), Russia, 2014-2020
  • Table 48: Renewable Energy Capacity Tenders, Russia
  • Table 49: Slovakia, Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs (€c/kWh and $c/kWh), From January 2017
  • Table 50: Slovakia, Renewable Energy, Biofuel Quota (%), 2016-2020
  • Table 51: Slovakia, Renewable Energy, Minimum Volume of Biodiesel in Diesel (%), 2016-2020
  • Table 52: Slovakia, Renewable Energy, Biofuel in Petrol (%), 2016-2020
  • Table 53: Renewable Energy, Slovenia, Feed-in Tariffs ($/MWh), 2017
  • Table 54: Renewable Energy Market, Sweden, Quota Obligation per MWh, 2016-2035
  • Table 55: Renewable Energy Market, Sweden, Energy Tax, 2017
  • Table 56: Renewable Energy Market, Sweden, Energy and CO2 Tax, 2017
  • Table 57: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Wind Energy, Switzerland, 2017
  • Table 58: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Solar Energy, Switzerland, 2016¬2017
  • Table 59: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Geothermal Energy, Switzerland, 2017
  • Table 60: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Hydropower, Base Payment, Switzerland, 2017
  • Table 61: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Hydropower, Compression Bonus, Switzerland, 2017
  • Table 62: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Hydropower, Hydraulic Engineering Bonus, Switzerland, 2017
  • Table 63: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Biomass, Base Payment, Switzerland, 2017
  • Table 64: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Biomass, Wood Bonus, Switzerland, 2017
  • Table 65: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Biomass, Agriculture Bonus, Switzerland, 2017
  • Table 66: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Biogas, Switzerland, 2017
  • Table 67: Turkey, Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs and Bonus (€c/kWh and $c/kWh), 2016
  • Table 68: Renewable Obligation, Technology Eligibility, UK, 2015
  • Table 69: Renewable Obligation (ROC/MWh), UK, 2009-2016
  • Table 70: Renewable Obligation Certificate Volumes (millions), UK, 2017/2018
  • Table 71: Renewable Energy, CFD First Allocation Round Results , UK, 2017
  • Table 72: Solar Power Feed-in Tariffs, UK, 2017-2018
  • Table 73: Solar Power Feed-in Tariffs ($/kWh), UK, 2015-2016
  • Table 74: Wind Power Feed-in Tariffs, UK, 2017-2018
  • Table 75: Wind Power Feed-in Tariffs ($/kWh), UK, 2015-2016
  • Table 76: Hydropower Feed-in Tariffs, UK, 2017-2018
  • Table 77: Hydropower Feed-in Tariffs, UK, 2015-2016
  • Table 78: Anaerobic Digestion and Combined Heat and Power Feed-in Tariffs, UK, 2017-2018
  • Table 79: Anaerobic Digestion and Combined Heat and Power Feed-in Tariffs ($/kWh), UK, 2015-2016
  • Table 80: Climate Change Levy ($/kWh), UK, 2014-2016
  • Table 81: Carbon Price Support Rates* for Climate Change Levy, UK, 2014-2016
  • Table 82: Wind, Feed-in Tariffs (c/kWh), Ukraine, 2016
  • Table 83: Solar Photovoltaic (PV), Feed-in Tariffs (c/kWh), Ukraine, 2016
  • Table 84: Biopower, Feed-in Tariffs (c/kWh), Ukraine, 2016
  • Table 85: Hydropower, Feed-in Tariffs (c/kWh), Ukraine, 2016
  • Table 86: Geothermal, Feed-in Tariffs (c/kWh), Ukraine, 2016
  • Table 87: Abbreviations
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