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市場調査レポート

グラフェン・2D材料の世界市場

The Graphene and 2D Materials Global Opportunity Report

発行 Future Markets, Inc. 商品コード 335657
出版日 ページ情報 英文 587 Pages
納期: 即日から翌営業日
価格
本日の銀行送金レート: 1GBP=143.18円で換算しております。
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グラフェン・2D材料の世界市場 The Graphene and 2D Materials Global Opportunity Report
出版日: ページ情報: 英文 587 Pages
概要

当レポートでは、世界のグラフェンおよびその他の2D材料の市場について分析し、グラフェンの特性や生産方法、技術・市場の基本構造や、昨今の技術開発・特許取得の動きと今後の方向性、全体的な市場動向の実績値と予測値、地域別および用途別 (エレクトロニクス・フォトニクス・各種センサーなど) の詳細動向、主要企業(開発/製造企業)のプロファイルなどを調査しています。

第1章 エグゼクティブサマリー

第2章 ナノマテリアルの特性

  • 分類

第3章 ナノマテリアルの概要

  • 歴史
  • グラフェンの形状
  • 特性
  • 3Dグラフェン
  • グラフェン量子ドット

第4章 カーボンナノチューブとグラフェン

  • 特性の比較
  • コスト・生産量
  • カーボンナノチューブとグラフェンのハイブリッド
  • カーボンナノチューブとグラフェンの比較分析

第5章 その他の2D材料

  • 黒リン/フォスフォレン
  • C2N
  • 窒化炭素
  • ゲルマネン (Germanene)
  • グラフディン (Graphdiyne)
  • グラファン (Graphane)
  • 六方晶窒化ホウ素
  • 二硫化モリブデン (MoS2)
  • 二硫化レニウム (ReS2) と二セレン化レニウム (ReSe2)
  • シリセン (Silicene)
  • スタネン (Stanene)/チネン (tinene)
  • 二セレン化タングステン
  • グラフェンとその他2Dナノマテリアルの比較分析

第6章 グラフェンの合成物

  • 大面積グラフェンフィルム
  • 酸化グラフェンフレークとグラフェンナノプレートレット
  • 製造・合成方法
  • 品質
  • グラフェン種類別の合成・生産方法
  • グラフェンの合成方法に関する賛否
  • 最新の合成方法
  • 各企業の合成方法

第7章 グラフェン市場の構造と商品化経路

第8章 規制と基準

  • 基準
  • 環境・健康・安全に関する規制
  • 職場での曝露

第9章 特許・出版

  • 製造工程
  • 学術機関
  • 各地域の主導的企業

第10章 技術対応レベル

第11章 近年におけるグラフェン市場の動向

第12章 エンドユーザー市場の部門別分析

  • グラフェンの生産量
  • グラフェンメーカーとその生産能力

第13章 接着剤

  • 市場の発展因子と動向
  • 特性と用途
  • 市場規模と機会
  • 製品ディベロッパー

第14章 航空宇宙

  • 市場の発展因子と動向
  • 特性と用途
  • 市場規模と機会
  • 製品ディベロッパー

第15章 自動車

  • 市場の発展因子と動向
  • 特性と用途
  • 市場規模と機会
  • 課題
  • 製品ディベロッパー

第16章 バイオ医療・ヘルスケア

  • 市場の発展因子と動向
  • 特性と用途
  • 市場規模と機会
  • 課題
  • 製品ディベロッパー

第17章 コーティング

  • 市場の発展因子と動向
  • 特性と用途
  • 市場規模と機会
  • 製品ディベロッパー

第18章 複合材料

  • 市場の発展因子と動向
  • 特性と用途
  • 市場規模と機会
  • 課題
  • 製品ディベロッパー

第19章 エレクトロニクス・フォトニクス

  • エレクトロニクスにおけるグラフェンと2D材料
  • フレキシブルエレクトロニクス・導電性フィルム・ディスプレイ
  • 導電性インク
  • トランジスタ・IC
  • メモリデバイス
  • フォトニクス

第20章 エネルギー貯蔵・変換・探査

  • バッテリー
  • スーパーキャパシタ
  • 太陽電池
  • 燃料電池
  • LED照明とUVC
  • 石油・ガス
  • 製品ディベロッパー

第21章 ろ過膜・分離膜

  • 市場の発展因子と動向
  • 特性と用途
  • 市場規模と機会
  • 課題
  • 製品ディベロッパー

第22章 潤滑剤

  • 市場の発展因子と動向
  • 特性と用途
  • 市場規模と機会
  • 課題
  • 製品ディベロッパー

第23章 センサー

  • 市場の発展因子と動向
  • 特性と用途
  • 市場規模と機会
  • 課題
  • 製品ディベロッパー

第24章 繊維

  • 市場の発展因子と動向
  • 特性と用途
  • 市場規模と機会
  • 製品ディベロッパー

第25章 3Dプリンティング

  • 市場の発展因子と動向
  • 特性と用途
  • 市場規模と機会
  • 課題
  • 製品ディベロッパー

第26章 グラフェンメーカーと製品開発企業

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目次

Future Markets has published a market report on graphene since 2010 and is uniquely positioned to provide the most in-depth study on these remarkable materials, their applications and markets.

“The Global Market for Graphene 2017-2027 ” is a comprehensive analysis of the market and commercial opportunities for these remarkable materials.

The graphene market continues to expand in 2017, with weekly announcements on new multi-million dollar investments, new products (especially in the Asia market) and innovative production processes.

A growing number of products are integrating graphene across a range of markets including consumer electronic devices, wearables, flexible RF devices, supercapacitors, conductive inks, sensors and coatings.

Graphene is a ground-breaking 2D material that possesses extraordinary electrical and mechanical properties that promise a new generation of innovative devices. Beyond graphene, emerging elementary 2D materials such as transition metal dichalcogenides, group V systems including phosphorene, and related isoelectronic structures will potentially allow for flexible electronics and field-effect transistors that exhibit ambipolar transport behaviour with either a direct band-gap or greater gate modulation.

Report contents include:

  • 50 additional pages from previous edition.
  • Global production capacities for 2017.
  • Current graphene products.
  • Stage of commercialization for graphene applications, from basic research to market entry.
  • Market drivers, trends and challenges, by end user markets.
  • In-depth market assessment of opportunities for graphene including potential revenues, growth rates, pricing, most likely applications and market challenges.
  • In-depth company profiles, including products, capacities, and commercial activities.
  • Detailed forecasts for key growth areas, opportunities and user demand.
  • Companies profiled in the report include 3D Graphtech Industries, Applied Graphene Materials, Cealtech, Directa Plus , Enanotec, Graphenano S.L., Graphentech, Hanwha Chemical, Metalysis, Talga Resources and many more.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER ONE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

  • 1.1. Applications assessment
  • 1.1. Market opportunity analysis
  • 1.2. Market challenges rating system

CHAPTER TWO: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • 2.1. Two-dimensional (2D) materials
  • 2.2. Graphene
    • 2.2.1. The market in 2016
    • 2.2.2. Products
    • 2.2.3. Short-term opportunities
    • 2.2.4. Medium-term opportunities
    • 2.2.5. Remarkable properties
    • 2.2.6. Global funding and initiatives
      • 2.2.6.1. Europe
      • 2.2.6.2. Asia
      • 2.2.6.3. United States
    • 2.2.7. Products and applications
    • 2.2.8. Production
    • 2.2.9. Market drivers and trends
      • 2.2.9.1. Production exceeds demand
      • 2.2.9.2. Market revenues remain small
      • 2.2.9.3. Scalability and cost
      • 2.2.9.4. Applications hitting the market
      • 2.2.9.5. Wait and see?
      • 2.2.9.6. Asia and US lead the race
      • 2.2.9.7. China commercializing at a fast rate
      • 2.2.9.8. Competition from other materials
    • 2.2.10. Market and technical challenges
      • 2.2.10.1. Inconsistent supply quality
      • 2.2.10.2. Functionalization and dispersion
      • 2.2.10.3. Cost
      • 2.2.10.4. Product integration
      • 2.2.10.5. Regulation and standards
      • 2.2.10.6. Lack of a band gap

CHAPTER THREE: PROPERTIES OF NANOMATERIALS

  • 3.1. Categorization

CHAPTER FOUR: OVERVIEW OF GRAPHENE

  • 4.1. History
  • 4.2. Forms of graphene
  • 4.3. Properties
  • 4.4. 3D Graphene
  • 4.5. Graphene Quantum Dots
    • 4.5.1. Synthesis
    • 4.5.2. Applications
    • 4.5.3. Producers

CHAPTER FIVE: CARBON NANOTUBES VERSUS GRAPHENE

  • 5.1. Comparative properties
  • 5.2. Cost and production
  • 5.3. Carbon nanotube-graphene hybrids
  • 5.4. Competitive analysis of carbon nanotubes and graphene

CHAPTER SIX: OTHER 2-D MATERIALS

  • 6.1. Black phosphorus/Phosphorene
    • 6.1.1. Properties
    • 6.1.2. Applications
  • 6.2. C2N
    • 6.2.1. Properties
    • 6.2.2. Applications
  • 6.3. Carbon nitride
    • 6.3.1. Properties
    • 6.3.2. Applications
  • 6.4. Germanene
    • 6.4.1. Properties
    • 6.4.2. Applications
  • 6.5. Graphdiyne
    • 6.5.1. Properties
    • 6.5.2. Applications
  • 6.6. Graphane
    • 6.6.1. Properties
    • 6.6.2. Applications
  • 6.7. Hexagonal boron nitride
    • 6.7.1. Properties
    • 6.7.2. Applications
    • 6.7.3. Producers
  • 6.8. Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2)
    • 6.8.1. Properties
    • 6.8.2. Applications
  • 6.9. Rhenium disulfide (ReS2) and diselenide (ReSe2)
    • 6.9.1. Properties
    • 6.9.2. Applications
  • 6.10. Silicene
    • 6.10.1. Properties
    • 6.10.2. Applications
  • 6.11. Stanene/tinene
    • 6.11.1. Properties
    • 6.11.2. Applications
  • 6.12. Tungsten diselenide
    • 6.12.1. Properties
    • 6.12.2. Applications
  • 6.13. Comparative analysis of graphene and other 2-D nanomaterials

CHAPTER SEVEN: GRAPHENE SYNTHESIS

  • 7.1. Large area graphene films
  • 7.2. Graphene oxide flakes and graphene nanoplatelets
  • 7.3. Production methods
    • 7.3.1. Production directly from natural graphite ore
    • 7.3.2. Alternative starting materials
    • 7.3.3. Quality
  • 7.4. Synthesis and production by types of graphene
    • 7.4.1. Graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs)
    • 7.4.2. Graphene nanoribbons
    • 7.4.3. Large-area graphene films
    • 7.4.4. Graphene oxide flakes (GO)
  • 7.5. Pros and cons of graphene production methods
    • 7.5.1. Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD)
    • 7.5.2. Exfoliation method
    • 7.5.3. Epitaxial growth method
    • 7.5.4. Wet chemistry method (liquid phase exfoliation)
    • 7.5.5. Micromechanical cleavage method
    • 7.5.6. Green reduction of graphene oxide
  • 7.5.7. Plasma
  • 7.6. Recent synthesis methods
    • 7.6.1. Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) and University of Western Australia
    • 7.6.2. Graphene Frontiers
    • 7.6.3. MIT and the University of Michigan
    • 7.6.4. Oak Ridge National Laboratory/University of Texas/General Graphene
    • 7.6.5. University of Florida/Donghua University
    • 7.6.6. Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) and Case Western Reserve University
    • 7.6.7. Trinity College Dublin
    • 7.6.8. Sungkyunkwan University and Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology (SAIT)
    • 7.6.9. Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), Chonbuk National University and KRICT
    • 7.6.10. NanoXplore
    • 7.6.11. Carbon Sciences Inc
    • 7.6.12. California Institute of Technology
    • 7.6.13. Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology
    • 7.6.14. Oxford University
    • 7.6.15. University of Tokyo
    • 7.6.16. Argonne National Laboratory
    • 7.6.17. Rutgers University
    • 7.6.18. FAU
    • 7.6.19. University of Exeter
  • 7.7. Synthesis methods by company

CHAPTER EIGHT: GRAPHENE MARKET STRUCTURE AND ROUTES TO COMMERCIALIZATION

CHAPTER NINE: REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS

  • 9.1. Standards
  • 9.2. Environmental, health and safety regulation
    • 9.2.1. Europe
    • 9.2.2. United States
    • 9.2.3. Asia
  • 9.3. Workplace exposure

CHAPTER TEN: PATENTS AND PUBLICATIONS

  • 10.1. Fabrication processes
  • 10.2. Academia
  • 10.3. Regional leaders

CHAPTER ELEVEN: TECHNOLOGY READINESS LEVEL

CHAPTER TWELVE: GRAPHENE INDUSTRY NEWS 2013-2016

  • 12.1. JANUARY 2013
  • 12.2. FEBRUARY 2013
  • 12.3. APRIL 2013
  • 12.4. MAY 2013
  • 12.5. JUNE 2013
  • 12.6. JULY 2013
  • 12.7. AUGUST 2013
  • 12.8. SEPTEMBER 2013
  • 12.9. OCTOBER 2013
  • 12.10. NOVEMBER 2013
  • 12.11. DECEMBER 2013
  • 12.12. JANUARY 2014
  • 12.13. FEBRUARY 2014
  • 12.14. MARCH 2014
  • 12.15. APRIL 2014
  • 12.16. MAY 2014
  • 12.17. JUNE 2014
  • 12.18. JULY 2014
  • 12.19. AUGUST 2014
  • 12.20. SEPTEMBER 2014
  • 12.21. AUGUST 2014
  • 12.22. SEPTEMBER 2014
  • 12.23. OCTOBER 2014
  • 12.24. NOVEMBER 2014
  • 12.25. DECEMBER 2014
  • 12.26. JANUARY 2015
  • 12.27. FEBRUARY 2015
  • 12.28. MARCH 2015
  • 12.29. APRIL 2015
  • 12.30. MAY 2015
  • 12.31. JUNE 2015
  • 12.32. JULY 2015
  • 12.33. AUGUST 2015
  • 12.34. SEPTEMBER 2015
  • 12.35. OCTOBER 2015
  • 12.36. NOVEMBER 2015
  • 12.37. DECEMBER 2015
  • 12.38. JANUARY 2016
  • 12.39. FEBRUARY 2016
  • 12.40. MARCH 2016
  • 12.41. APRIL 2016
  • 12.42. MAY 2016
  • 12.43. JUNE 2016
  • 12.44. JULY 2016
  • 12.45. AUGUST 2016
  • 12.46. SEPTEMBER 2016
  • 12.47. OCTOBER 2016
  • 12.48. NOVEMBER 2016
  • 12.49. DECEMBER 2016
  • 12.50. JANUARY 2017
  • 12.51. FEBRUARY 2017

CHAPTER THIRTEEN: END USER MARKET SEGMENT ANALYSIS

  • 13.1. Graphene production volumes 2010-2027
  • 13.2. Graphene producers and production capacities

CHAPTER FOURTEEN: GRAPHENE IN ADHESIVES

  • 14.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
    • 14.1.1. Thermal management in electronics
    • 14.1.2. Environmental sustainability
  • 14.2. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
  • 14.3. GLOBAL MARKET SIZE
    • 14.3.1. Graphene opportunity
  • 14.4. MARKET CHALLENGES
  • 14.5. PRODUCT DEVELOPERS

CHAPTER FIFTEEN: GRAPHENE IN AEROSPACE

  • 15.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
    • 15.1.1. Safety
    • 15.1.2. Reduced fuel consumption and costs
    • 15.1.3. Increased durability
    • 15.1.4. Multi-functionality
    • 15.1.5. Need for new anti-icing and de-icing solutions
    • 15.1.6. Weight reduction
    • 15.1.7. Need for improved lightning protection materials
  • 15.2. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
    • 15.2.1. Composites
    • 15.2.2. Coatings
  • 15.3. GLOBAL MARKET SIZE
    • 15.3.1. Graphene opportunity
  • 15.4. MARKET CHALLENGES
  • 15.5. PRODUCT DEVELOPERS

CHAPTER SIXTEEN: GRAPHENE IN AUTOMOTIVE

  • 16.1. MARKET DRIVER AND TRENDS
    • 16.1.1. Environmental
    • 16.1.2. Safety
    • 16.1.3. Lightweighting
    • 16.1.4. Cost
  • 16.2. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
    • 16.2.1. Composites
    • 16.2.2. Thermally conductive additives
    • 16.2.3. Tires
  • 16.3. GLOBAL MARKET SIZE
  • 16.3.1. Graphene opportunity
  • 16.4. MARKET CHALLENGES
  • 16.5. PRODUCT DEVELOPERS

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN: GRAPHENE IN BIOMEDICAL & HEALTHCARE

  • 17.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
    • 17.1.1. Improved drug delivery for cancer therapy
    • 17.1.2. Shortcomings of chemotherapies
    • 17.1.3. Biocompatibility of medical implants
    • 17.1.4. Anti-biotic resistance
    • 17.1.5. Growth in the advanced woundcare market
    • 17.1.6. Universal to individualized medicine
    • 17.1.7. Growth in the wearable monitoring market
    • 17.1.8. Need for new materials for continuous health monitoring and adaptability
  • 17.2. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
    • 17.2.1. Cancer therapy
      • 17.2.1.1. Graphene oxide for therapy and drug delivery
      • 17.2.1.2. Graphene nanosheets
      • 17.2.1.3. Gene delivery
      • 17.2.1.4. Photodynamic Therapy
    • 17.2.2. Medical implants and devices
    • 17.2.3. Wound dressings
    • 17.2.4. Biosensors
      • 17.2.4.1. FRET biosensors for DNA detection
    • 17.2.5. Medical imaging
    • 17.2.6. Tissue engineering
    • 17.2.7. Dental
    • 17.2.8. Electrophysiology
  • 17.3. GLOBAL MARKET SIZE
    • 17.3.1. Graphene opportunity
  • 17.4. MARKET CHALLENGES
  • 17.5. PRODUCT DEVELOPERS

CHAPTER EIGHTEEN: GRAPHENE IN COATINGS

  • 18.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
    • 18.1.1. New functionalities and improved properties
    • 18.1.2. Need for more effective protection
    • 18.1.3. Sustainability and regulation
    • 18.1.4. Cost of corrosion
    • 18.1.5. Need for improved hygiene
    • 18.1.6. Cost of weather-related damage
    • 18.1.7. Increased demand for coatings for extreme environments
  • 18.2. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
    • 18.2.1. Anti-corrosion coatings
      • 18.2.1.1. Marine
    • 18.2.2. Anti-microbial
    • 18.2.3. Anti-icing
    • 18.2.4. Barrier coatings
    • 18.2.5. Heat protection
    • 18.2.6. Anti-fouling
    • 18.2.7. Wear and abrasion resistance
    • 18.2.8. Smart windows
  • 18.3. GLOBAL MARKET SIZE
    • 18.3.1. Thermal barrier coatings
    • 18.3.2. Barrier coatings
    • 18.3.3. Anti-microbial coatings
    • 18.3.4. De-icing or anti-icing coatings
    • 18.3.5. Abrasion and wear resistant coatings
    • 18.3.6. Anti-corrosion coatings
    • 18.3.7. Graphene opportunity
  • 18.4. MARKET CHALLENGES
    • 18.4.1. Dispersion
    • 18.4.2. Production, scalability and cost
  • 18.5. PRODUCT DEVELOPERS

CHAPTER NINETEEN: GRAPHENE IN COMPOSITES INCLUDING THERMOPLASTICS AND RUBBER

  • 19.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
    • 19.1.1. Improved performance over traditional composites
    • 19.1.2. Multi-functionality
    • 19.1.3. Growth in wind energy market
  • 19.2. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
    • 19.2.1. Polymer composites
    • 19.2.2. Barrier packaging
    • 19.2.3. Electrostatic discharge (ESD) and electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding
    • 19.2.4. Wind turbines
    • 19.2.5. Ballistic protection
    • 19.2.6. Cement additives
  • 19.3. GLOBAL MARKET SIZE
    • 19.3.1. Graphene opportunity
  • 19.4. MARKET CHALLENGES
  • 19.5. PRODUCT DEVELOPERS

CHAPTER TWENTY: GRAPHENE IN ELECTRONICS AND PHOTONICS

  • 20.1. FLEXIBLE ELECTRONICS, WEARABLES, CONDUCTIVE FILMS AND DISPLAYS
    • 20.1.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 20.1.1.1. ITO replacement for flexible electronics
      • 20.1.1.2. Growth in the wearable electronics market
      • 20.1.1.3. Touch technology requirements
      • 20.1.1.4. Energy needs of wearable devices
      • 20.1.1.5. Increased power and performance of sensors with reduced cost
      • 20.1.1.6. Growth in the printed sensors market
      • 20.1.1.7. Growth in the home diagnostics and point of care market
    • 20.1.2. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
      • 20.1.2.1. Transparent electrodes in flexible electronics
      • 20.1.2.2. Electronic paper
      • 20.1.2.3. Wearable electronics
      • 20.1.2.4. Wearable sensors
    • 20.1.3. GLOBAL MARKET SIZE
      • 20.1.3.1. Graphene opportunity
    • 20.1.4. MARKET CHALLENGES
      • 20.1.4.1. Manufacturing
      • 20.1.4.2. Competing materials
      • 20.1.4.3. Cost in comparison to ITO
      • 20.1.4.4. Problems with transfer and growth
      • 20.1.4.5. Improving sheet resistance
      • 20.1.4.6. Difficulties in display panel integration
    • 20.1.5. PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
  • 20.2. TRANSISTORS AND INTEGRATED CIRCUITS
    • 20.2.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 20.2.1.1. Scaling
      • 20.2.1.2. Limitations of current materials
    • 20.2.2. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
      • 20.2.2.1. Integrated circuits
      • 20.2.2.2. Transistors
      • 20.2.2.3. Graphene Radio Frequency (RF) circuits
      • 20.2.2.4. Graphene spintronics
    • 20.2.3. GLOBAL MARKET SIZE
      • 20.2.3.1. Graphene opportunity
    • 20.2.4. MARKET CHALLENGES
      • 20.2.4.1. Competition from other materials
      • 20.2.4.2. Lack of band gap
      • 20.2.4.3. Transfer and integration
    • 20.2.5. PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
  • 20.3. MEMORY DEVICES
    • 20.3.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 20.3.1.1. Density and voltage scaling
      • 20.3.1.2. Growth in the smartphone and tablet markets
      • 20.3.1.3. Growth in the flexible electronics market
    • 20.3.2. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
    • 20.3.3. GLOBAL MARKET SIZE
      • 20.3.3.1. Graphene opportunity
    • 20.3.4. PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
    • 20.3.5. MARKET CHALLENGES
  • 20.4. PHOTONICS
    • 20.4.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 20.4.1.1. Increased bandwidth at reduced cost
      • 20.4.1.2. Increasing sensitivity of photodetectors
    • 20.4.2. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
      • 20.4.2.1. Si photonics versus graphene
      • 20.4.2.2. Optical modulators
      • 20.4.2.3. Photodetectors
      • 20.4.2.4. Plasmonics
      • 20.4.2.5. Fiber lasers
    • 20.4.3. MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
    • 20.4.4. PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
    • 20.4.5. MARKET CHALLENGES
      • 20.4.5.1. Need to design devices that harness graphene's properties
      • 20.4.5.2. Problems with transfer
      • 20.4.5.3. THz absorbance and nonlinearity
      • 20.4.5.4. Stability and sensitivity

CHAPTER TWENTY ONE: GRAPHENE IN ENERGY STORAGE, CONVERSION AND EXPLORATION

  • 21.1. BATTERIES
    • 21.1.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 21.1.1.1. Growth in electric vehicles market
      • 21.1.1.2. Continued growth in cellular phones market
      • 21.1.1.3. Reduce dependence on lithium
      • 21.1.1.4. Shortcomings of existing battery and supercapacitor technology
      • 21.1.1.5. Reduced costs for widespread application
      • 21.1.1.6. Power sources for flexible electronics
      • 21.1.1.7. Inadequacies of current battery technology for wearables
      • 21.1.1.8. Need for flexible power sources
      • 21.1.1.9. Energy harvesting for “disappearables”
    • 21.1.2. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
      • 21.1.2.1. Lithium-ion batteries (LIB)
      • 21.1.2.2. Lithium-air batteries
      • 21.1.2.3. Sodium-ion batteries
    • 21.1.3. GLOBAL MARKET SIZE
      • 21.1.3.1. Graphene opportunity
    • 21.1.4. MARKET CHALLENGES
  • 21.2. SUPERCAPACITORS
    • 21.2.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 21.2.1.1. Reducing costs
      • 21.2.1.2. Demand from portable electronics
      • 21.2.1.3. Inefficiencies of standard battery technology
      • 21.2.1.4. Problems with activated carbon
    • 21.2.2. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
    • 21.2.3. GLOBAL MARKET SIZE
      • 21.2.3.1. Graphene opportunity
    • 21.2.4. MARKET CHALLENGES
  • 21.2.4.1. Low energy storage capacity of graphene
  • 21.3. PHOTOVOLTAICS
    • 21.3.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 21.3.1.1. Need to improve solar cell efficiency
      • 21.3.1.2. Reduce costs
      • 21.3.1.3. Varying environmental conditions
    • 21.3.2. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
      • 21.3.2.1. ITO replacement
      • 21.3.2.2. Graphene-silicon (Gr-Si) Schottky junction solar cells
      • 21.3.2.3. Halide perovskites/graphene hybrids
    • 21.3.3. GLOBAL MARKET SIZE
      • 21.3.3.1. Graphene opportunity
    • 21.3.4. MARKET CHALLENGES
  • 21.4. FUEL CELLS
    • 21.4.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 21.4.1.1. Limitations of platinum
      • 21.4.1.2. Cost
    • 21.4.2. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
      • 21.4.2.1. Electrocatalyst supports
    • 21.4.3. GLOBAL MARKET SIZE
      • 21.4.3.1. Graphene opportunity
    • 21.4.4. MARKET CHALLENGES
  • 21.5. LED LIGHTING AND UVC
    • 21.5.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 21.5.1.1. Improving flexibility
      • 21.5.1.2. Improving performance and costs
    • 21.5.2. Properties and applications
    • 21.5.3. GLOBAL MARKET SIZE
      • 21.5.3.1. Graphene opportunity
  • 21.6. OIL AND GAS
    • 21.6.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • 21.6.1.1. Cost
      • 21.6.1.2. Increased demands of drilling environments
      • 21.6.1.3. Environmental and regulatory
    • 21.6.2. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
      • 21.6.2.1. Sensing and reservoir management
      • 21.6.2.2. Coatings
      • 21.6.2.3. Drilling fluids
      • 21.6.2.4. Sorbent materials
      • 21.6.2.5. Catalysts
      • 21.6.2.6. Separation
    • 21.6.3. GLOBAL MARKET SIZE
      • 21.6.3.1. Graphene opportunity
    • 21.6.4. MARKET CHALLENGES
  • 21.7. PRODUCT DEVELOPERS

CHAPTER TWENTY TWO: GRAPHENE IN FILTRATION AND SEPARATION

  • 22.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
    • 22.1.1. Need for improved membrane technology
    • 22.1.2. Water shortage and population growth
    • 22.1.3. Contamination
    • 22.1.4. Cost
  • 22.2. PROPERTIES AND APPLICTIONS
    • 22.2.1. Water filtration
    • 22.2.2. Gas separation
    • 22.2.3. Photocatalytic absorbents
  • 22.3. GLOBAL MARKET SIZE
    • 22.3.1. Graphene opportunity
  • 22.4. MARKET CHALLENGES
  • 22.5. PRODUCT DEVELOPERS

CHAPTER TWENTY THREE: GRAPHENE IN LUBRICANTS

  • 23.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
    • 23.1.1. Cost effective alternatives
    • 23.1.2. Need for higher-performing lubricants for fuel efficiency
    • 23.1.3. Environmental concerns
  • 23.2. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
  • 23.3. GLOBAL MARKET SIZE
    • 23.3.1. Graphene opportunity
  • 23.4. MARKET CHALLENGES
  • 23.5. PRODUCT DEVELOPERS

CHAPTER TWENTY FOUR: GRAPHENE IN SENSORS

  • 24.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
    • 24.1.1. Increased power and performance with reduced cost
    • 24.1.2. Enhanced sensitivity
    • 24.1.3. Replacing silver electrodes
    • 24.1.4. Growth in the home diagnostics and point of care market
    • 24.1.5. Improved thermal stability
    • 24.1.6. Environmental conditions
  • 24.2. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
    • 24.2.1. Infrared (IR) sensors
    • 24.2.2. Electrochemical and gas sensors
      • 24.2.2.1. Graphene foam
    • 24.2.3. Pressure sensors
    • 24.2.4. Biosensors
    • 24.2.5. Optical sensors
    • 24.2.6. Humidity sensors
    • 24.2.7. Strain sensors
    • 24.2.8. Acoustic sensors
    • 24.2.9. Wireless sensors
    • 24.2.10. Surface enhanced Raman scattering
  • 24.3. GLOBAL MARKET SIZE
    • 24.3.1. Graphene opportunity
  • 24.4. MARKET CHALLENGES
    • 24.4.1. Selectivity
    • 24.4.2. Scaling and manufacturing
    • 24.4.3. Sensor recovery
  • 24.5. PRODUCT DEVELOPERS

CHAPTER TWENTY FIVE: GRAPHENE IN SMART TEXTILES AND APPAREL

  • 25.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
    • 25.1.1. Growth in the wearable electronics market
    • 25.1.2. Reduction in size, appearance and cost of sensors
    • 25.1.3. Increasing demand for smart fitness clothing
    • 25.1.4. Improved medical analysis
    • 25.1.5. Smart workwear for improved worker safety
  • 25.2. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATONS
    • 25.2.1. Conductive coatings
  • 25.3. GLOBAL MARKET SIZE
    • 25.3.1. Graphene opportunity
  • 25.4. PRODUCT DEVELOPERS

CHAPTER TWENTY SIX: GRAPHENE IN CONDUCTIVE INKS

  • 26.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
    • 26.1.1. Increased demand for printed electronics
    • 26.1.2. Limitations of existing conductive inks
  • 26.2. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
  • 26.3. GLOBAL MARKET SIZE
    • 26.3.1. Graphene opportunity
  • 26.4. PRODUCT DEVELOPERS

CHAPTER TWENTY SEVEN: GRAPHENE IN 3D PRINTING

  • 27.1. MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
    • 27.1.1. Improved materials at lower cost
    • 27.1.2. Limitations of current thermoplastics
  • 27.2. PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
  • 27.3. GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND
    • 27.3.1. Graphene opportunity
  • 27.4. CHALLENGES
  • 27.5. PRODUCT DEVELOPERS

CHAPTER TWENTY EIGHT: GRAPHENE PRODUCERS. (128 PRODUCER PROFILES, INCLUDING PRODUCTION CAPACITIES AND PRODUCTS)

CHAPTER TWENTY NINE: GRAPHENE PRODUCT AND APPLICATION DEVELOPERS.(71 PROFILES INCLUDING COLLABORATIONS AND PRODUCTS)

  • 30. REFERENCES

TABLES

  • Table 1: Consumer products incorporating graphene
  • Table 2: Potential market penetration and volume estimates (tons) for graphene in key applications
  • Table 3: Graphene target markets-Applications potential addressable market size
  • Table 4: Graphene producers annual production capacities
  • Table 5: Global production of graphene, 2010-2027 in tons/year. Base year for projections is 2015
  • Table 6: Graphene types and cost per kg
  • Table 7: Categorization of nanomaterials
  • Table 8: Properties of graphene
  • Table 9: Graphene quantum dot producers
  • Table 10: Comparative properties of carbon materials
  • Table 11: Comparative properties of graphene with nanoclays and carbon nanotubes
  • Table 12: Competitive analysis of Carbon nanotubes and graphene by application area and potential impact by 2025
  • Table 13: Electronic and mechanical properties of monolayer phosphorene, graphene and MoS2
  • Table 14: Markets and applications of phosphorene
  • Table 15: Markets and applications of C2N
  • Table 16: Markets and applications of hexagonal boron-nitride
  • Table 17: Markets and applications of graphdiyne
  • Table 18: Markets and applications of graphane
  • Table 19: Markets and applications of hexagonal boron-nitride
  • Table 20: Markets and applications of MoS2
  • Table 21: Markets and applications of Rhenium disulfide (ReS2) and diselenide (ReSe2)
  • Table 22: Markets and applications of silicene
  • Table 23: Markets and applications of stanene/tinene
  • Table 24: Markets and applications of tungsten diselenide
  • Table 25: Comparative analysis of graphene and other 2-D nanomaterials
  • Table 26: Large area graphene films-Markets, applications and current global market
  • Table 27: Graphene oxide flakes/graphene nanoplatelets-Markets, applications and current global market
  • Table 28: Main production methods for graphene
  • Table 29: Graphene synthesis methods, by company
  • Table 30: Graphene market structure
  • Table 31: Published patent publications for graphene, 2004-2014
  • Table 32: Leading graphene patentees
  • Table 33: Industrial graphene patents in 2014
  • Table 34: Global production of graphene, 2010-2027 in tons/year. Base year for projections is 2015
  • Table 35: Graphene producers and production capacity (Current and projected), prices and target markets
  • Table 36: Graphene properties relevant to application in adhesives
  • Table 37: Applications of graphene in adhesives
  • Table 38: Market size for graphene in adhesives
  • Table 39: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in adhesives
  • Table 40: Market challenges rating for graphene in the adhesives market
  • Table 41: Graphene product and application developers in the adhesives industry
  • Table 42: Applications and benefits of graphene in aerospace
  • Table 43: Market size for graphene in aerospace
  • Table 44: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in aerospace
  • Table 45: Market challenges rating for graphene in the aerospace market
  • Table 46: Graphene product and application developers in the aerospace industry
  • Table 47: Applications and benefits of graphene in the automotive industry
  • Table 48: Market size for graphene in the automotive industry
  • Table 49: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in the automotive industry
  • Table 50: Applications and commercialization challenges in the automotive sector
  • Table 51: Market challenges rating for graphene in the automotive sector
  • Table 52: Graphene product and application developers in the automotive sector
  • Table 53: Graphene properties relevant to application in biomedicine and healthcare
  • Table 54: Applications and benefits of graphene in biomedical and healthcare
  • Table 55: Market size for graphene in biomedical and healthcare
  • Table 56: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in biomedical & healthcare markets
  • Table 57: Potential addressable market for graphene in biomedical & healthcare markets
  • Table 58: Market challenges in graphene in biomedicine and healthcare
  • Table 59: Market challenges rating for graphene in the biomedical and healthcare market
  • Table 60: Graphene product and application developers in the biomedical and healthcare industry
  • Table 61: Properties of nanocoatings
  • Table 62: Graphene properties relevant to application in coatings
  • Table 63: Markets for nanocoatings
  • Table 64: Graphene and 2D materials in the coatings market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
  • Table 65: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in the coatings market
  • Table 66: Market challenges rating for graphene in the coatings market
  • Table 67: Graphene product and application developers in the coatings industry
  • Table 68: Graphene properties relevant to application in polymer composites
  • Table 69: Applications and benefits of graphene in composites
  • Table 70: Market size for SWNTs in composites
  • Table 71: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in the composites market
  • Table 72: Market challenges rating for graphene in the composites market
  • Table 73: Graphene product and application developers in the composites industry
  • Table 74: Graphene and 2D materials in the electronics and photonics market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
  • Table 75: Comparison of ITO replacements
  • Table 76: Applications and benefits of graphene in flexible electronics and conductive films
  • Table 77: Wearable electronics devices and stage of development
  • Table 78: Graphene properties relevant to application in sensors
  • Table 79: Market size for graphene in flexible electronics and conductive films
  • Table 80: Global market for wearables, 2014-2021, units and US$
  • Table 81: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in flexible electronics, wearables, conductive films and displays
  • Table 82: Market challenges rating for graphene in the flexible electronics, wearables, conductive films and displays market
  • Table 83: Graphene product and application developers in transparent conductive films
  • Table 84: Comparative properties of silicon and graphene transistors
  • Table 85: Applications and benefits of graphene in transistors, integrated circuits and other components
  • Table 86: Market size for graphene in transistors, integrated circuits and other components
  • Table 87: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in transistors, integrated circuits and other components
  • Table 88: Market challenges rating for graphene in the transistors and integrated circuits market
  • Table 89: Graphene product and application developers in transistors and integrated circuits
  • Table 90: Applications and benefits of graphene in memory devices
  • Table 91: Market size for graphene in memory devices
  • Table 92: Graphene product and application developers in memory devices
  • Table 93: Applications and commercialization challenges for graphene in the memory devices market
  • Table 94: Graphene properties relevant to application in optical modulators
  • Table 95: Applications and benefits of graphene in photonics
  • Table 96: Market size for graphene in photonics
  • Table 97: Graphene product and application developers in photonics
  • Table 98: Market challenges rating for graphene in the photonics market
  • Table 99: Graphene and 2D materials in the energy storage, conversion and exploration market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
  • Table 100: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in the energy storage, conversion and exploration market
  • Table 101: Market size for graphene in batteries
  • Table 102: Potential addressable market for thin film, flexible and printed batteries
  • Table 103: Market challenges rating for graphene in the batteries market
  • Table 104: Comparative properties of graphene supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries
  • Table 105: Applications and benefits of graphene in supercapacitors
  • Table 106: Market size for graphene in supercapacitors
  • Table 107: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in supercapacitors
  • Table 108: Market challenges rating for graphene in the supercapacitors market
  • Table 109: Market size for graphene in photovoltaics
  • Table 110: Market size for graphene in photovoltaics
  • Table 111: Potential addressable market for thin film, flexible and printed batteries
  • Table 112: Market challenges for graphene in solar
  • Table 113: Market challenges rating for graphene in the solar market
  • Table 114: Applications and benefits of graphene in fuel cells and hydrogen storage
  • Table 115: Market size for graphene in fuel cells and hydrogen storage
  • Table 116: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in fuel cells and hydrogen storage
  • Table 117: Market challenges rating for graphene in the fuel cells market
  • Table 118: Application markets, competing materials, graphene advantages and current market size in oil and gas
  • Table 119: Market challenges rating for graphene in the oil and gas market
  • Table 120: Graphene product and application developers in the energy industry
  • Table 121: Applications and benefits of graphene in filtration and separation
  • Table 122: Market size for graphene in filtration
  • Table 123: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in the filtration and separation market
  • Table 124: Market challenges rating for graphene in the filtration and separation market
  • Table 125: Graphene product and application developers in the filtration industry
  • Table 126: Applications of carbon nanomaterials in lubricants
  • Table 127: Market size for graphene in lubricants
  • Table 128: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in lubricants
  • Table 129: Market challenges rating for graphene in the lubricants market
  • Table 130: Graphene product and application developers in the lubricants industry
  • Table 131: Applications and benefits of graphene in sensors
  • Table 132: Graphene properties relevant to application in sensors
  • Table 133: Comparison of ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) and graphene biosensor
  • Table 134: Market size for graphene in sensors
  • Table 135: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in the filtration and separation market
  • Table 136: Market challenges rating for graphene in the sensors market
  • Table 137: Graphene product and application developers in the sensors industry
  • Table 138: Desirable functional properties for the textiles industry afforded by the use of nanomaterials
  • Table 139: Applications and benefits of graphene in textiles and apparel
  • Table 140: Global market for smart clothing and apparel, 2014-2021, units and revenues (US$)
  • Table 141: Graphene and 2D materials in the textiles market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
  • Table 142: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in smart textiles and apparel
  • Table 143: Graphene product and application developers in the textiles industry
  • Table 144: Comparative properties of conductive inks
  • Table 145: Opportunities for graphene and 2D materials in printed electronics
  • Table 146: Potential addressable market for graphene in conductive inks
  • Table 147: Graphene product and application developers in conductive inks
  • Table 148: Graphene properties relevant to application in 3D printing
  • Table 149: Graphene and 2D materials in the 3D printing market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
  • Table 150: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the 3D printing market
  • Table 151: Graphene product and application developers in the 3D printing industry
  • Table 152: Graphene producers and types produced
  • Table 153: Graphene industrial collaborations, licence agreements and target markets

FIGURES

  • Figure 1: Demand for graphene, by market, 2015
  • Figure 2: Demand for graphene, by market, 2025
  • Figure 3: Global government funding for graphene in millions USD to 2015
  • Figure 4: Global market for graphene 2010-2027 in tons/year
  • Figure 5: Global consumption of graphene 2015, by region
  • Figure 6: Graphene layer structure schematic
  • Figure 7: Graphite and graphene
  • Figure 8: Graphene and its descendants: top right: graphene; top left: graphite = stacked graphene; bottom right: nanotube=rolled graphene; bottom left: fullerene=wrapped graphene
  • Figure 9: Schematic of (a) CQDs and (c) GQDs. HRTEM images of (b) C-dots and (d) GQDs showing combination of zigzag and armchair edges (positions marked as 1-4)
  • Figure 10: Graphene quantum dots
  • Figure 11: Graphene can be rolled up into a carbon nanotube, wrapped into a fullerene, and stacked into graphite
  • Figure 12: Black phosphorus structure
  • Figure 13: Structural difference between graphene and C2N-h2D crystal: (a) graphene; (b) C2N-h2D crystal
  • Figure 14: Schematic of germanene
  • Figure 15: Graphdiyne structure
  • Figure 16: Schematic of Graphane crystal
  • Figure 17: Structure of hexagonal boron nitride
  • Figure 18: Structure of 2D molybdenum disulfide
  • Figure 19: Atomic force microscopy image of a representative MoS2 thin-film transistor
  • Figure 20: Schematic of the molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) thin-film sensor with the deposited molecules that create additional charge
  • Figure 21: Schematic of a monolayer of rhenium disulphide
  • Figure 22: Silicene structure
  • Figure 23: Monolayer silicene on a silver (111) substrate
  • Figure 24: Silicene transistor
  • Figure 25: Crystal structure for stanene
  • Figure 26: Atomic structure model for the 2D stanene on Bi2Te3(111)
  • Figure 27: Schematic of tungsten diselenide
  • Figure 28: Graphene synthesis methods
  • Figure 29: TEM micrographs of: A) HR-CNFs; B) GANF® HR-CNF, it can be observed its high graphitic structure; C) Unraveled ribbon from the HR-CNF; D) Detail of the ribbon; E) Scheme of the structure of the HR-CNFs; F) Large single graphene oxide sheets derived from GANF
  • Figure 30: Graphene nanoribbons grown on germanium
  • Figure 31: Methods of synthesizing high-quality graphene
  • Figure 32: Roll-to-roll graphene production process
  • Figure 33: Schematic of roll-to-roll manufacturing process
  • Figure 34: Microwave irradiation of graphite to produce single-layer graphene
  • Figure 35: Schematic of typical commercialization route for graphene producer
  • Figure 36: Published patent publications for graphene, 2004-2014
  • Figure 37: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for graphene
  • Figure 38: Global market for graphene 2010-2025 in tons/year
  • Figure 39: Potential addressable market for graphene in adhesives
  • Figure 40: Potential addressable market for graphene in aerospace
  • Figure 41: Potential addressable market for graphene-enabled applications in aerospace
  • Figure 42: Graphene-based automotive components
  • Figure 43: Potential addressable market for graphene in the automotive sector
  • Figure 44: Potential addressable market for graphene in the automotive sector
  • Figure 45: TempTraQ wearable wireless thermometer
  • Figure 46: Graphene-based E-skin patch
  • Figure 47: Graphene Frontiers' Six™ chemical sensors consists of a field effect transistor (FET) with a graphene channel. Receptor molecules, such as DNA, are attached directly to the graphene channel
  • Figure 48: Graphene-Oxide based chip prototypes for biopsy-free early cancer diagnosis
  • Figure 49: Potential addressable market for graphene-enabled applications in the biomedical and healthcare market
  • Figure 50: Heat transfer coating developed at MIT
  • Figure 51: Water permeation through a brick without (left) and with (right) “graphene paint” coating
  • Figure 52: Four layers of graphene oxide coatings on polycarbonate
  • Figure 53: Global Paints and Coatings Market, share by end user market
  • Figure 54: Potential addressable market for graphene in the coatings market
  • Figure 55: Potential addressable market for graphene in the coatings market
  • Figure 56: Potential addressable market for graphene in composites
  • Figure 57: Potential addressable market for graphene in the composites market
  • Figure 58: Flexible organic light emitting diode (OLED) using graphene electrode
  • Figure 59: Graphene electrochromic devices. Top left: Exploded-view illustration of the graphene electrochromic device. The device is formed by attaching two graphene-coated PVC substrates face-to-face and filling the gap with a liquid ionic electrolyte
  • Figure 60: Flexible transistor sheet
  • Figure 61: Foldable graphene E-paper
  • Figure 62: Covestro wearables
  • Figure 63: Softceptor sensor
  • Figure 64: BeBop Media Arm Controller
  • Figure 65: LG Innotek flexible textile pressure sensor
  • Figure 66: Wearable gas sensor
  • Figure 67: A large transparent conductive graphene film (about 20 X 20 cm2) manufactured by 2D Carbon Tech. Figure 24a (right): Prototype of a mobile phone produced by 2D Carbon Tech using a graphene touch panel
  • Figure 68: Global market revenues for smart wearable devices 2014-2021, in US$
  • Figure 69: Potential addressable market for graphene in flexible electronics, wearables, conductive films and displays
  • Figure 70: Potential addressable market for graphene in the flexible electronics, wearables, conductive films and displays market
  • Figure 71: Schematic of the wet roll-to-roll graphene transfer from copper foils to polymeric substrates
  • Figure 72: The transmittance of glass/ITO, glass/ITO/four organic layers, and glass/ITO/four organic layers/4-layer graphene
  • Figure 73: Graphene IC in wafer tester
  • Figure 74: Schematic cross-section of a graphene based transistor (GBT, left) and a graphene field-effect transistor (GFET, right)
  • Figure 75: Potential addressable market for graphene in transistors and integrated circuits
  • Figure 76: Potential addressable market for graphene in the transistors and integrated circuits market
  • Figure 77: Graphene oxide-based RRAm device on a flexible substrate
  • Figure 78: Layered structure of tantalum oxide, multilayer graphene and platinum used for resistive random access memory (RRAM)
  • Figure 79: A schematic diagram for the mechanism of the resistive switching in metal/GO/Pt
  • Figure 80: Hybrid graphene phototransistors
  • Figure 81: Wearable health monitor incorporating graphene photodetectors
  • Figure 82: Energy harvesting textile
  • Figure 83: Potential addressable market for graphene in the thin film, flexible and printed batteries market
  • Figure 84: Skeleton Technologies ultracapacitor
  • Figure 85: Zapgo supercapacitor phone charger
  • Figure 86: Solar cell with nanowires and graphene electrode
  • Figure 87: Potential addressable market for graphene in photovoltaics
  • Figure 88: Schematic of boron doped graphene for application in gas sensors
  • Figure 89: An uncoated copper condenser tube (top left) is shown next to a similar tube coated with graphene. (top right)
  • Figure 90: Directa Plus Grafysorber
  • Figure 91: Nanometer-scale pores in single-layer freestanding graphene membrane can effectively filter NaCl salt from water
  • Figure 92: Degradation of organic dye molecules by graphene hybrid composite photocatalysts
  • Figure 93: GFET sensors
  • Figure 94: First generation point of care diagnostics
  • Figure 95: Graphene Field Effect Transistor Schematic
  • Figure 96: Potential addressable market for graphene in the sensors market
  • Figure 97: Global market revenues for smart clothing and apparel 2014-2021, in US$
  • Figure 98: Global market revenues for nanotech-enabled smart clothing and apparel 2014-2021, in US$, conservative estimate
  • Figure 99: Global market revenues for nanotech-enabled smart clothing and apparel 2014-2021, in US$, optimistic estimate
  • Figure 100: Graphene printed antenna
  • Figure 101: BGT Materials graphene ink product
  • Figure 102: Vorbeck Materials conductive ink products
  • Figure 103: Potential addressable market for graphene in the conductive ink market
  • Figure 104: 3D Printed tweezers incorporating Carbon Nanotube Filament
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