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表紙:世界のナノセルロース市場 2021年
市場調査レポート
商品コード
1003236

世界のナノセルロース市場 2021年

The Global Market for Nanocellulose 2021

出版日: | 発行: Future Markets, Inc. | ページ情報: 英文 391 Pages, 113 Tables, 176 figures | 納期: 即納可能 即納可能とは

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価格表記: GBPを日本円(税抜)に換算
本日の銀行送金レート: 1GBP=158.57円
世界のナノセルロース市場 2021年
出版日: 2021年05月05日
発行: Future Markets, Inc.
ページ情報: 英文 391 Pages, 113 Tables, 176 figures
納期: 即納可能 即納可能とは
  • 全表示
  • 概要
  • 目次
概要

ナノセルロースは、木材パルプ、農作物、有機廃棄物などのセルロース系バイオマスやバクテリアから得ることができます。高い引張強度、生体適合性、高アスペクト比などの特性により、医療、建築、航空宇宙などの幅広い市場で魅力的な素材となっています。また、ナノセルロースは再生可能な物質を原料としているため、プラスチックの消費量を削減しようとする政治的・社会的な動きを受けて、フィルム、コーティング、複合材、包装材などの分野で石油由来の材料に代わる可能性が特に注目されています。

当レポートでは、世界のナノセルロース市場を調査し、市場および製品概要、用途分析、規制と基準、サプライチェーン、価格動向、セグメント別の市場評価、市場の見通し、市場の推移と予測(重量ベース)、市場の成長要因、投資機会、企業プロファイルなどについてまとめています。

目次

第1章 エグゼクティブサマリー

  • なぜナノセルロースなのか?
  • 2019年の市場
  • 2020年の市場
  • 将来の世界市場の見通し
  • 世界のナノセルロース生産
  • 世界のナノセルロース需要
  • ナノセルロースの市場の課題
  • 商業用ナノセルロース製品
  • ナノセルロース市場:地域別
    • 日本
    • 中国
    • マレーシア
    • 西欧
    • 北米
  • 世界の政府の資金
  • COVID-19パンデミックによる市場への影響

第2章 ナノセルロースの概要

  • セルロース
  • ナノセルロース
  • ナノセルロースの性質
  • ナノセルロースの利点
  • ナノセルロースの製造
  • 製造方法
  • ナノセルロースの種類
    • ミクロフィブリル化セルロース(MFC)
    • セルロースナノファイバー(CNF)
    • セルロースナノクリスタル(CNC)
    • バクテリアナノセルロース(BNC)
  • 合成

第3章 用途分析

第4章 規制と基準

  • 基準
    • 国際標準化機構(ISO)
    • 米国規格
    • CSAグループ
  • 毒性
  • 規制

第5章 ナノセルロースのサプライチェーン

第6章 ナノセルロースの価格設定

  • セルロースナノファイバー(CNF)
  • セルロースナノクリスタル(CNC)
  • バクテリアナノセルロース(BNC)

第7章 ナノセルロースの特許と出版物

第8章 複合材料用ナノセルロース

  • 市場概要
  • 市場の見通し
  • 市場評価
  • アプリケーションマップ
  • 市場の推移と予測(重量ベース)
  • 製品開発企業のプロファイル

第9章 自動車用ナノセルロース

  • 市場概要
  • 市場の見通し
  • 市場評価
  • アプリケーションマップ
  • 市場の推移と予測(重量ベース)
  • 製品開発企業のプロファイル

第10章 建設用ナノセルロース

  • 市場概要
  • 市場の見通し
  • 市場評価
  • アプリケーションマップ
  • 市場の推移と予測(重量ベース)
  • 製品開発企業のプロファイル

第11章 紙・板紙包装用ナノセルロース

  • 市場概要
  • 市場の見通し
  • 市場評価
  • アプリケーションマップ
  • 市場の推移と予測(重量ベース)
  • 製品開発企業のプロファイル

第12章 テキスタイル・アパレル用ナノセルロース

  • 市場概要
  • 市場の見通し
  • 市場評価
  • アプリケーションマップ
  • 市場の推移と予測(重量ベース)
  • 製品開発企業のプロファイル

第13章 医療・ヘルスケア用ナノセルロース

  • 市場概要
  • 市場の見通し
  • 市場評価
  • アプリケーションマップ
  • 市場の推移と予測(重量ベース)
  • 製品開発企業のプロファイル

第14章 塗料・コーティング用ナノセルロース

  • 市場概要
  • 市場の見通し
  • 市場評価
  • アプリケーションマップ
  • 市場の推移と予測(重量ベース)
  • 製品開発企業のプロファイル

第15章 エアロゲル用ナノセルロース

  • 市場概要
  • 市場の見通し
  • 市場評価
  • アプリケーションマップ
  • 市場の推移と予測(重量ベース)
  • 製品開発企業のプロファイル

第16章 石油・ガス向けナノセルロース

  • 市場概要
  • 市場の見通し
  • 市場評価
  • アプリケーションマップ
  • 市場の推移と予測(重量ベース)
  • 製品開発企業のプロファイル

第17章 ろ過用ナノセルロース

  • 市場概要
  • 市場の見通し
  • 市場評価
  • アプリケーションマップ
  • 市場の推移と予測(重量ベース)
  • 製品開発企業のプロファイル

第18章 化粧品・医薬品・食品添加物向けレオロジー調整剤用ナノセルロース

  • 市場概要
  • 市場の見通し
  • 市場評価
  • アプリケーションマップ
  • 市場の推移と予測(重量ベース)
  • 製品開発企業のプロファイル

第19章 その他の市場

  • プリンテッド・ストレッチャブル・フレキシブル電子機器
  • 3Dプリント
  • 航空宇宙

第20章 生産企業の分析

  • ナノセルロースの種類:生産企業別
  • ターゲット市場:生産企業別

第21章 企業プロファイル

  • AICHEMIST METAL, INC.
  • ANPOLY, INC.
  • ASAHI KASEI CHEMICALS CORPORATION
  • BETULIUM OY
  • BIO-LUTIONS INTERNATIONAL AG
  • BORREGAARD CHEMCELL
  • CELLUCOMP LTD.
  • CELLUTECH AB (Stora Enso)
  • CENTRE TECHNIQUE DU PAPIER/INSTITUT TECHNOLOGIQUE
  • CHUETSU PULP & PAPER CO., LTD.
  • DAICEL FINECHEM LTD.
  • DAIKYONISHIKAWA CORPORATION
  • DAIO PAPER CORPORATION
  • DAISHOWA PAPER PRODUCTS CO., LTD.
  • DENSO CORPORATION
  • DIC PRODUCTS, INC.
  • DKS CO. LTD.
  • EHIME PAPER MANUFACTURING. CO. LTD.
  • EVOLGENE
  • FIBERLEAN TECHNOLOGIES
  • FILLERBANK LIMITED
  • FUJI PIGMENT CO., LTD.
  • FURUKAWA ELECTRIC CO., LTD
  • GRANBIO TECHNOLOGIES
  • GS ALLIANCE CO., LTD.
  • HATTORI SHOTEN K.K.
  • HEXA CHEMCIAL CO. LTD./NATURE GIFT
  • HOKUETSU TOYO FIBRE CO., LTD.
  • INNVENTIA AB
  • THE JAPAN STEEL WORKS, LTD.
  • JENACELL GMBH
  • KAMI SHOJI COMPANY
  • KAO CORPORATION
  • KRI, INC.
  • KRUGER BIOMATERIALS, INC.
  • KUSANO SAKO KK
  • MANIWA BIOCHEMICAL
  • MARINE NANOFIBER, INC.
  • MARUSUMI PAPER CO., LTD.
  • MASUKO SANGYO CO., LTD.
  • MITSUBISHI CHEMICAL CORPORATION/MITSUBISHI PAPER MILLS
  • MORI MACHINERY CO., LTD.
  • NATURAL FRIEND
  • NIPPON PAPER INDUSTRIES
  • NIPPON SHIZAI CO., LTD.
  • NISSHIN KOGYO CO., LTD.
  • NORKSE SKOG AS
  • OMURA PAINT CO., LTD.
  • ONKYO CORPORATION
  • OJI HOLDINGS CORP.
  • OSAKA GAS GROUP
  • PERFORMANCE BIOFILAMENTS, INC.
  • RENGO CO., LTD.
  • RIPRO CORPORATION
  • RISHO KOGYO CO., LTD.
  • SANWA KAKO CO., LTD.
  • SAPPI LIMITED
  • SEIKO PMC CORPORATION
  • SHARP CHEMICAL IND. CO., LTD.
  • SHINWA KAKO KK
  • STARLITE CO., LTD
  • STORA ENSO OYJ
  • SUGINO MACHINE LIMITED
  • SVILOSA AD
  • TAIYO HOLDINGS CO., LTD.
  • TIANJIN HAOJIA CELLULOSE CO., LTD.
  • TENTOK PAPER CO.,LTD.
  • TOAGOSEI CO., LTD.
  • TOKUSHU-TOKAI PAPER CO., LTD.
  • TORAY INDUSTRIES, INC.
  • TOPPAN PRINTING CO., LTD.
  • TOYOTA BOSHOKU COPORATION
  • TS TECH CO., LTD.
  • UBE INDUSTRIES LTD.
  • UNITIKA CO., LTD.
  • UNIVERISTY OF MAINE, PROCESS DEVELOPMENT CENTRE
  • UPM-KYMMENE CORPORATION
  • US FOREST SERVICE PRODUCTS LABORATORY (FPL)
  • VALMET OYJ
  • VERSO CORPORATION
  • VTT TECHNICAL RESEARCH CENTRE OF FINLAND LTD.
  • YOKOHAMA RUBBER CO., LTD.
  • YOSHIKAWAKUNI PLASTICS INDUSTRIES CO., LTD.
  • ZELFO TECHNOLOGY GMBH

第22章 セルロースナノクリスタル(CNC)生産企業の分析

第23章 セルロースナノクリスタル(CNC)企業プロファイル

  • ALBERTA INNOVATES/INNOTECH MATERIALS LLC
  • ANOMERA, INC.
  • BLUE GOOSE BIOREFINERIES, INC.
  • CELLICON B.V.
  • CELLUFORCE, INC.
  • EVOLGENE GENOMICS SL
  • GUILIN QIHONG TECHNOLOGY
  • MELODEA LTD.
  • Navitas d.o.o (NANOCRYSTACELL)
  • POLY-INK
  • RENMATRIX, INC.
  • SWEETWATER ENERGY
  • TIANJIN WOODELFBIO CELLULOSE CO., LTD.
  • UNIVERISTY OF MAINE, PROCESS DEVELOPMENT CENTRE
  • US FOREST SERVICE PRODUCTS LABORATORY (FPL)
  • VALENTIS NANOTECH

第24章 バクテリアナノセルロース(BNC)企業プロファイル

  • AXCELION BIOPOLYMERS CORPORATION
  • AZOLLA
  • BOWIL BIOTECH Sp. z o.o.
  • CASS MATERIALS PYT LTD
  • CELLUGY
  • DEPUY SYNTHES BIOMATERIALS
  • FZMB GMBH
  • KUSANO SAKKO, INC.
  • LOHMANN & RAUSCHER
  • NANOLLOSE LTD
  • NANO NOVIN POLYMER CO.

第25章 ナノセルロース調査グループおよびセンター

  • Aalto University
  • AIST
  • Clark-Atlanta University
  • Colorado School of Mines
  • EMPA
  • Georgia Institute of Technology
  • Grenoble INP-Pagora
  • ICAR-Central Institute for Research on Cotton Technology
  • Kanazawa Institute of Technology
  • Kyoto University
  • McMaster University
  • Monash University
  • North Carolina State University
  • Oregon State University
  • Paper and Fiber Research Institute (PFI)
  • Pennsylvania State University
  • Purdue University
  • SUNY-ESF
  • Technical University of Lodz
  • Toyama Industrial Technology Center
  • University of Exeter
  • University of Fribourg
  • Uppsala University
  • Universidade do Minho
  • University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (Boku University)
  • University of Toronto
  • その他

第26章 調査範囲と方法調査手法

  • 調査範囲
  • 調査手法

第27章 参考文献

目次

The global nanocellulose market has accelerated over the last few years as producers in Japan and to a lesser extent North America and Europe bring products to market. The development of these remarkable materials has compelled major paper and pulp producers to gravitate their traditonal business towards advanced biorefineries, which have met with initial success and resulted in production capacity increases.

These bio-based materials are abundant, renewable and inexpensive but are extremely strong, durable, and lightweight, non-toxic and are lower cost than other advanced materials and nanomaterials. Used as a materials additive and in composites, nanocellulose will help to drive the global move away from oil-based plastics and products to sustainable, bio-based alternatives.

Nanocellulose (NC) can be derived from a multitude of abundant cellulosic biomass sources such as wood pulp, agricultural crops, organic waste, as well as from bacteria. Properties including high tensile strength, biocompatibility, and high aspect ratio make it attractive to a wide range of markets, from medical to construction to aerospace. As nanocellulose originates from renewable matter, its potential to replace petroleum-derived materials in films, coatings, composites, and packaging are particularly interesting in the wake of current political and societal movements towards reduction of plastic consumption.

Three types of NC are commercially available: cellulose nanocrystals (CNC), cellulose nanofibers (CNF), and bacterial nanocellulose (BNC). In addition to being produced in different ways, these three types also vary in their physico-chemical properties, from size to crystallinity. Most commercially produced NC is CNF, which is produced on a large scale in Japan and on the pilot scale

Most of the NC being developed for commercial purposes is in the form of CNF. Currently, many NC-based applications are at an early stages, with some applications already commercially available, mainly in Japan.

The Global Market for Nanocellulose 2021 is the most comprehensive and up-to date report on nanocellulose currently available, by the world's leading market authority on nanocellulose. Profiling over 100 companies, the report provides key information for investors and executives to enable them to understand and take advantage of the opportunities provided by nanocellulose.

A must-have for anyone interested in the business and investment opportunities in nanocellulose, The Global Market for Nanocellulose 2020-2030 contains:

  • Unique market assessment tools to assess the viability of nanocellulose, by market, and application.
  • Tabular data on current nanocellulose products.
  • Market assessment by nanocellulose type: cellulose nanocrystals (CNC), cellulose nanofibers (CNF), and bacterial nanocellulose (BNC).
  • Assessment of nanocellulose by market including applications, key benefits, market megatrends, market drivers for use of nanocellulose, technology drawbacks, competing materials, estimated consumption of nanocellulose to 2030 and main OEMs in each market with potential interest in nanocellulose for product integration.
  • Graphical depictions of nanocellulose applications by market.
  • In depth-assessment of nanocellulose producer and distributor pricing in 2020.
  • Global market for nanocellulose in tons, by sector, historical and forecast to 2030.
  • Market impact from COVID-19 pandemic
  • In-depth profiles of nanocellulose producers including products, production capacities, manufacturing methods, collaborations, licensing, customers and target markets. Companies profiled include Granbio, Asahi Kasei, Cellucomp, Chuetsu Pulp & Paper, Daio Paper, DKS, Fiberlean, Fuji Pigment Co., Ltd. Innventia AB, KRI, Inc., Melodea, Nippon Paper, Oji and many more.
  • 85 cellulose nanofiber company profiles
  • 15 cellulose nanocrystal company profiles
  • 10 bacterial nanocellulose company profiles
  • Detailed forecasts for key growth areas, opportunities and demand.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • 1.1 Why nanocellulose?
  • 1.2 The market in 2019
  • 1.3 The market in 2020
  • 1.4 Future global market outlook
  • 1.5 Global nanocellulose production
    • 1.5.1 Total global production capacity 2020, by type
    • 1.5.2 Cellulose nanofibers (CNF) production capacities 2020, by producer
    • 1.5.3 Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) production capacities 2020
    • 1.5.4 Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) production capacities 2020
  • 1.6 Global nanocellulose market demand, 2018-2030, tons
  • 1.7 Market challenges for nanocellulose
  • 1.8 Nanocellulose commercial products
  • 1.9 Nanocellulose market by region
    • 1.9.1 Japan
    • 1.9.2 China
    • 1.9.3 Malaysia
    • 1.9.4 Western Europe
    • 1.9.5 North America
  • 1.10 Global government funding
  • 1.11 Market impact from COVID-19 pandemic

2 OVERVIEW OF NANOCELLULOSE

  • 2.1 Cellulose
  • 2.2 Nanocellulose
  • 2.3 Properties of nanocellulose
  • 2.4 Advantages of nanocellulose
  • 2.5 Manufacture of nanocellulose
  • 2.6 Production methods
  • 2.7 Types of nanocellulose
    • 2.7.1 Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC)
    • 2.7.2 Cellulose nanofibers (CNF)
  • 2.7.2.1 Applications
    • 2.7.3 Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC)
  • 2.7.3.1 Synthesis
  • 2.7.3.2 Properties
  • 2.7.3.3 Applications
    • 2.7.4 Bacterial Nanocellulose (BNC)
  • 2.7.4.1 Applications
  • 2.8 Synthesis

3 APPLICATIONS ANALYSIS

4 REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS

  • 4.1 Standards
    • 4.1.1 International Standards Organization (ISO)
    • 4.1.2 American National Standards
    • 4.1.3 CSA Group
  • 4.2 Toxicity
  • 4.3 Regulation

5 NANOCELLULOSE SUPPLY CHAIN

6 NANOCELLULOSE PRICING

  • 6.1 Cellulose nanofiber (CNF)
  • 6.2 Cellulose nanocrystal (CNC)
  • 6.3 Bacterial nanocellulose (BNC)

7 NANOCELLULOSE PATENTS AND PUBLICATIONS

8 NANOCELLULOSE IN COMPOSITES

  • 8.1 Market overview
  • 8.2 Market prospects
  • 8.3 Market assessment
  • 8.4 Applications map
  • 8.5 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030
  • 8.6 Product developer profiles

9 NANOCELLULOSE IN AUTOMOTIVE

  • 9.1 Market overview
  • 9.2 Market prospects
  • 9.3 Market assessment
  • 9.4 Applications map
  • 9.5 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030
  • 9.6 Product developer profiles

10 NANOCELLULOSE IN CONSTRUCTION

  • 10.1 Market overview
  • 10.2 Market prospects
  • 10.3 Market assessment
  • 10.4 Applications map
  • 10.5 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030
  • 10.6 Product developer profiles

11 NANOCELLULOSE IN PAPER AND BOARD PACKAGING

  • 11.1 Market prospects
  • 11.2 Market assessment
  • 11.3 Applications map
  • 11.4 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030
  • 11.5 Product developer profiles

12 NANOCELLULOSE TEXTILES AND APPAREL

  • 12.1 Market overview
  • 12.2 Market prospects
  • 12.3 Market assessment
  • 12.4 Applications map
  • 12.5 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030
  • 12.6 Product developer profiles

13 NANOCELLULOSE IN MEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE

  • 13.1 Market overview
  • 13.2 Market prospects
  • 13.3 Market assessment
  • 13.4 Applications map
  • 13.5 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030
  • 13.6 Product developer profiles

14 NANOCELLULOSE IN PAINTS AND COATINGS

  • 14.1 Market overview
  • 14.2 Market prospects
  • 14.3 Market assessment
  • 14.4 Applications map
  • 14.5 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030
  • 14.6 Product developer profiles

15 NANOCELLULOSE IN AEROGELS

  • 15.1 Market overview
  • 15.2 Market prospects
  • 15.3 Market assessment
  • 15.4 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030
  • 15.5 Product developer profiles

16 NANOCELLULOSE IN OIL AND GAS

  • 16.1 Market overview
  • 16.2 Market prospects
  • 16.3 Market assessment
  • 16.4 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030
  • 16.5 Product developer profiles

17 NANOCELLULOSE IN FILTRATION

  • 17.1 Market overview
  • 17.2 Market prospects
  • 17.3 Market assessment
  • 17.4 Applications map
  • 17.5 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030
  • 17.6 Product developer profiles

18 NANOCELLULOSE IN RHEOLOGY MODIFIERS FOR COSMETICS, PHARMA AND FOOD ADDITIVES

  • 18.1 Market overview
  • 18.2 Market prospects
  • 18.3 Market assessment
  • 18.4 Applications map
  • 18.5 Global market in tons, historical and forecast to 2030
  • 18.6 Product developer profiles

19 OTHER MARKETS FOR NANOCELLULOSE

  • 19.1 PRINTED, STRETCHABLE AND FLEXIBLE ELECTRONICS
    • 19.1.1 Market assessment
    • 19.1.2 Product developer profiles
  • 19.2 NANOCELLULOSE IN 3D PRINTING
    • 19.2.1 Market assessment
    • 19.2.2 Product developer profiles
  • 19.3 NANOCELLULOSE IN AEROSPACE
    • 19.3.1 Market assessment
    • 19.3.2 Product developer profiles

20 NANOCELLULOSE PRODUCER ANALYSIS

  • 20.1 Types of nanocellulose produced, by producer
  • 20.2 Target markets, by nanocellulose producer

21 CELLULOSE NANOFIBER COMPANY PROFILES

  • 21.1 AICHEMIST METAL, INC.
  • 21.2 ANPOLY, INC.
  • 21.3 ASAHI KASEI CHEMICALS CORPORATION
  • 21.4 BETULIUM OY
  • 21.5 BIO-LUTIONS INTERNATIONAL AG
  • 21.6 BORREGAARD CHEMCELL
  • 21.7 CELLUCOMP LTD.
  • 21.8 CELLUTECH AB (Stora Enso)
  • 21.9 CENTRE TECHNIQUE DU PAPIER/INSTITUT TECHNOLOGIQUE
  • 21.10 CHUETSU PULP & PAPER CO., LTD.
  • 21.11 DAICEL FINECHEM LTD.
  • 21.12 DAIKYONISHIKAWA CORPORATION
  • 21.13 DAIO PAPER CORPORATION
  • 21.14 DAISHOWA PAPER PRODUCTS CO., LTD.
  • 21.15 DENSO CORPORATION
  • 21.16 DIC PRODUCTS, INC.
  • 21.17 DKS CO. LTD.
  • 21.18 EHIME PAPER MANUFACTURING. CO. LTD.
  • 21.19 EVOLGENE
  • 21.20 FIBERLEAN TECHNOLOGIES
  • 21.21 FILLERBANK LIMITED
  • 21.22 FUJI PIGMENT CO., LTD.
  • 21.23 FURUKAWA ELECTRIC CO., LTD
  • 21.24 GRANBIO TECHNOLOGIES
  • 21.25 GS ALLIANCE CO., LTD.
  • 21.26 HATTORI SHOTEN K.K.
  • 21.27 HEXA CHEMCIAL CO. LTD./NATURE GIFT
  • 21.28 HOKUETSU TOYO FIBRE CO., LTD.
  • 21.29 INNVENTIA AB
  • 21.30 THE JAPAN STEEL WORKS, LTD.
  • 21.31 JENACELL GMBH
  • 21.32 KAMI SHOJI COMPANY
  • 21.33 KAO CORPORATION
  • 21.34 KRI, INC.
  • 21.35 KRUGER BIOMATERIALS, INC.
  • 21.36 KUSANO SAKO KK
  • 21.37 MANIWA BIOCHEMICAL
  • 21.38 MARINE NANOFIBER, INC.
  • 21.39 MARUSUMI PAPER CO., LTD.
  • 21.40 MASUKO SANGYO CO., LTD.
  • 21.41 MITSUBISHI CHEMICAL CORPORATION/MITSUBISHI PAPER MILLS
  • 21.42 MORI MACHINERY CO., LTD.
  • 21.43 NATURAL FRIEND
  • 21.44 NIPPON PAPER INDUSTRIES
  • 21.45 NIPPON SHIZAI CO., LTD.
  • 21.46 NISSHIN KOGYO CO., LTD.
  • 21.47 NORKSE SKOG AS
  • 21.48 OMURA PAINT CO., LTD.
  • 21.49 ONKYO CORPORATION
  • 21.50 OJI HOLDINGS CORP.
  • 21.51 OSAKA GAS GROUP
  • 21.52 PERFORMANCE BIOFILAMENTS, INC.
  • 21.53 RENGO CO., LTD.
  • 21.54 RIPRO CORPORATION
  • 21.55 RISHO KOGYO CO., LTD.
  • 21.56 SANWA KAKO CO., LTD.
  • 21.57 SAPPI LIMITED
  • 21.58 SEIKO PMC CORPORATION
  • 21.59 SHARP CHEMICAL IND. CO., LTD.
  • 21.60 SHINWA KAKO KK
  • 21.61 STARLITE CO., LTD
  • 21.62 STORA ENSO OYJ
  • 21.63 SUGINO MACHINE LIMITED
  • 21.64 SVILOSA AD
  • 21.65 TAIYO HOLDINGS CO., LTD.
  • 21.66 TIANJIN HAOJIA CELLULOSE CO., LTD.
  • 21.67 TENTOK PAPER CO.,LTD.
  • 21.68 TOAGOSEI CO., LTD.
  • 21.69 TOKUSHU-TOKAI PAPER CO., LTD.
  • 21.70 TORAY INDUSTRIES, INC.
  • 21.71 TOPPAN PRINTING CO., LTD.
  • 21.72 TOYOTA BOSHOKU COPORATION
  • 21.73 TS TECH CO., LTD.
  • 21.74 UBE INDUSTRIES LTD.
  • 21.75 UNITIKA CO., LTD.
  • 21.76 UNIVERISTY OF MAINE, PROCESS DEVELOPMENT CENTRE
  • 21.77 UPM-KYMMENE CORPORATION
  • 21.78 US FOREST SERVICE PRODUCTS LABORATORY (FPL)
  • 21.79 VALMET OYJ
  • 21.80 VERSO CORPORATION
  • 21.81 VTT TECHNICAL RESEARCH CENTRE OF FINLAND LTD.
  • 21.82 YOKOHAMA RUBBER CO., LTD.
  • 21.83 YOSHIKAWAKUNI PLASTICS INDUSTRIES CO., LTD.
  • 21.84 ZELFO TECHNOLOGY GMBH

22 CELLULOSE NANOCRYSTAL (CNC) PRODUCER ANALYSIS

23 CELLULOSE NANOCRYSTAL (CNC) COMPANY PROFILES

  • 23.1 ALBERTA INNOVATES/INNOTECH MATERIALS LLC
  • 23.2 ANOMERA, INC.
  • 23.3 BLUE GOOSE BIOREFINERIES, INC.
  • 23.4 CELLICON B.V.
  • 23.5 CELLUFORCE, INC.
  • 23.6 EVOLGENE GENOMICS SL
  • 23.7 GUILIN QIHONG TECHNOLOGY
  • 23.8 MELODEA LTD.
  • 23.9 Navitas d.o.o (NANOCRYSTACELL)
  • 23.10 POLY-INK
  • 23.11 RENMATRIX, INC.
  • 23.12 SWEETWATER ENERGY
  • 23.13 TIANJIN WOODELFBIO CELLULOSE CO., LTD.
  • 23.14 UNIVERISTY OF MAINE, PROCESS DEVELOPMENT CENTRE
  • 23.15 US FOREST SERVICE PRODUCTS LABORATORY (FPL)
  • 23.16 VALENTIS NANOTECH

24 BACTERIAL NANOCELLULOSE (BNC) COMPANY PROFILES

  • 24.1 AXCELION BIOPOLYMERS CORPORATION
  • 24.2 AZOLLA
  • 24.3 BOWIL BIOTECH Sp. z o.o.
  • 24.4 CASS MATERIALS PYT LTD
  • 24.5 CELLUGY
  • 24.6 DEPUY SYNTHES BIOMATERIALS
  • 24.7 FZMB GMBH
  • 24.8 KUSANO SAKKO, INC.
  • 24.9 LOHMANN & RAUSCHER
  • 24.10 NANOLLOSE LTD
  • 24.11 NANO NOVIN POLYMER CO.

25 NANOCELLULOSE RESEARCH GROUPS AND CENTRES

  • 25.1 Aalto University
  • 25.2 AIST
  • 25.3 Clark-Atlanta University
  • 25.4 Colorado School of Mines
  • 25.5 EMPA
  • 25.6 Georgia Institute of Technology
  • 25.7 Grenoble INP-Pagora
  • 25.8 ICAR-Central Institute for Research on Cotton Technology
  • 25.9 Kanazawa Institute of Technology
  • 25.10 Kyoto University
  • 25.11 McMaster University
  • 25.12 Monash University
  • 25.13 North Carolina State University
  • 25.14 Oregon State University
  • 25.15 Paper and Fiber Research Institute (PFI)
  • 25.16 Pennsylvania State University
  • 25.17 Purdue University
  • 25.18 SUNY-ESF
  • 25.19 Technical University of Lodz
  • 25.20 Toyama Industrial Technology Center
  • 25.21 University of Exeter
  • 25.22 University of Fribourg
  • 25.23 Uppsala University
  • 25.24 Universidade do Minho
  • 25.25 University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (Boku University)
  • 25.26 University of Toronto
  • 25.27 Other research centres/groups

26 RESEARCH SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY

  • 26.1 Report scope
  • 26.2 Research methodology

27 REFERENCES

Tables

  • Table 1: Market summary for nanocellulose-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, market estimates, global consumption, main current applications, future applications
  • Table 2. Markets and applications for nanocellulose.
  • Table 3. Classification of nanocellulose applications by type of industrial product ranged in terms of their potential of consumption.
  • Table 6. CNF production capacities (by type, wet or dry) and production process, by producer.
  • Table 7: MFC production capacities (by type, wet or dry) and production process, by producer.
  • Table 8: Cellulose nanocrystal capacities (by type, wet or dry) and production process, by producer
  • Table 9: Nanocellulose market value, by end user market demand, 2018-2030 (Tons). total.
  • Table 10: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers/MFC by market, 2018-2030.
  • Table 11: Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals by market, 2018-2030.
  • Table 12: Market and technical challenges in nanocellulose.
  • Table 13: Regional demand for cellulose nanofibers, 2019, tons (total excludes MFC).
  • Table 14. Nanocellulose producers and product developers in Japan.
  • Table 15. Nanocellulose research centres, universities and companies in China.
  • Table 16. Nanocellulose producers and product developers in Europe.
  • Table 17. Nanocellulose producers and product developers in North America.
  • Table 18. Assessment of impact from COVID-19 by end user market. Key: Low, little impact and market will continue to grow. Medium, market impacted to some degree affecting growth prospects over next 1-2 years. High: Market significantly impacted.
  • Table 19. Properties and applications of nanocellulose.
  • Table 20. Properties of nanocellulose, by type.
  • Table 21: Properties of cellulose nanofibrils relative to metallic and polymeric materials.
  • Table 22. Types of nanocellulose.
  • Table 23: Types of nanocellulose.
  • Table 24: Applications of cellulose nanofibers (CNF).
  • Table 25. Synthesis methods for cellulose nanocrystals (CNC).
  • Table 26: CNC sources, size and yield.
  • Table 27: CNC properties.
  • Table 28. Mechanical properties of CNC and other reinforcement materials.
  • Table 29: Applications of nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC).
  • Table 30: Applications of bacterial nanocellulose (BNC).
  • Table 31: Market opportunity assessment for nanocellulose, by application.
  • Table 32: Safety of Micro/Nanofibrillated cellulose.
  • Table 33: Global nanocellulose market supply chain analysis.
  • Table 34: Product/price/application matrix of cellulose nanofiber producers.
  • Table 35: Product/price/application matrix of cellulose nanocrystal producers.
  • Table 36: Product/price/application matrix of bacterial nanocellulose producers.
  • Table 37: Nanocellulose patents and scientific articles by organisation.
  • Table 38: Main patent assignees for CNC.
  • Table 39: Main patent assignees for CNF.
  • Table 40: Main patent assignees for NCC.
  • Table 41. Market overview for nanocellulose in composites.
  • Table 42. Comparative properties of polymer composites reinforcing materials.
  • Table 43. Scorecard for nanocellulose in composites.
  • Table 44. Market assessment for nanocellulose in composites-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global composites OEMs.
  • Table 45: Global market demand for nanocellulose in composites, 2018-2030 (tons).
  • Table 46: Companies developing nanocellulose composites.
  • Table 47. Market overview for nanocellulose in automotive.
  • Table 48. Scorecard for nanocellulose in automotive.
  • Table 49. Market assessment for nanocellulose in automotive-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global automotive OEMs.
  • Table 50: Global market demand for nanocellulose in the automotive sector 2018-2030 (tons).
  • Table 51: Companies developing nanocellulose products in the automotive industry.
  • Table 52. Market overview for nanocellulose in construction.
  • Table 53. Scorecard for nanocellulose in construction
  • Table 54. Comparison of CNC with steel and other materials.
  • Table 55. Market assessment for nanocellulose in construction-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global construction OEMs
  • Table 56: Market demand for nanocellulose in construction, 2018-2030 (tons).
  • Table 57: Companies developing nanocellulose in construction.
  • Table 58. Oxygen permeability of nanocellulose films compared to those made form commercially available petroleum-based materials and other polymers.
  • Table 59. Scorecard for nanocellulose in paper and board packaging.
  • Table 60. Market assessment for nanocellulose in paper and board packaging-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global paper and board packaging OEMs.
  • Table 61: Global demand for nanocellulose in paper & board packaging, 2018-2030 (tons).
  • Table 62: Companies developing nanocellulose products in paper and board.
  • Table 63. Market overview for nanocellulose in textiles and apparel.
  • Table 64. Scorecard for nanocellulose in textiles and apparel.
  • Table 65. Market assessment for nanocellulose in textiles and apparel-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global textiles and apparel OEMs.
  • Table 66: Demand for nanocellulose in textiles, 2018-2030 (tons).
  • Table 67: Companies developing nanocellulose products in textiles and apparel.
  • Table 68. Market overview for nanocellulose in medicine and healthcare.
  • Table 69. Scorecard for nanocellulose in medicine and healthcare.
  • Table 70. Market assessment for nanocellulose in medicine and healthcare-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global medicine and healthcare OEMs.
  • Table 71: Global demand for nanocellulose in medical and healthcare, 2018-2030 (tons).
  • Table 72: Global demand for nanocellulose in hygiene and absorbents, 2018-2030 (tons).
  • Table 73: Nanocellulose product developers in medicine and healthcare.
  • Table 74. Market overview for nanocellulose in paints and coatings.
  • Table 75. Scorecard for nanocellulose in paints and coatings.
  • Table 76. Market assessment for nanocellulose in paints and coatings-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global paints and coatings OEMs.
  • Table 77: Global demand for nanocellulose in paint and coatings, 2018-2030 (tons).
  • Table 78: Companies developing nanocellulose products in paints and coatings, applications targeted and stage of commercialization.
  • Table 79. Market overview for nanocellulose in aerogels.
  • Table 80. Scorecard for nanocellulose in aerogels.
  • Table 81. Market assessment for nanocellulose in aerogels and insulation-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global aerogels OEMs.
  • Table 82: Global demand for nanocellulose in aerogels and insulation, 2018-2030 (tons).
  • Table 83: Nanocellulose product developers in aerogels and insulation.
  • Table 84. Market overview for nanocellulose in oil and gas.
  • Table 85. Scorecard for nanocellulose in oil and gas.
  • Table 86. Market assessment for nanocellulose in oil and gas-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global oil and gas OEMs.
  • Table 87: Global demand for nanocellulose in the oil and gas market, 2018-2030 (tons).
  • Table 88: Nanocellulose product developers in oil and gas exploration.
  • Table 89. CNF membranes.
  • Table 90. Market overview for nanocellulose in filtration.
  • Table 91. Scorecard for nanocellulose in filtration.
  • Table 92. Market assessment for nanocellulose in filtration-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global filtration OEMs.
  • Table 93: Global demand for nanocellulose in the filtration market, 2018-2030 (tons).
  • Table 94: Companies developing nanocellulose products in filtration.
  • Table 95. Market overview for nanocellulose in rheology modifiers.
  • Table 96. Scorecard for nanocellulose in rheology modifiers.
  • Table 97. Market assessment for nanocellulose in rheology modifiers-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global rheology modifier OEMs.
  • Table 98: Global demand for nanocellulose in the rheology modifiers market, 2018-2030 (tons).
  • Table 99: Commercial activity in nanocellulose rheology modifiers.
  • Table 100. Properties of flexible electronics-cellulose nanofiber film (nanopaper).
  • Table 101. Market assessment for nanocellulose in printed, stretchable and flexible electronics-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global printed, flexible and stretchable electronics OEMs.
  • Table 102: Companies developing cellulose nanofiber products in printed, stretchable and flexible electronics.
  • Table 103. Market assessment for nanocellulose in 3D priniting-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global 3D printing OEMs.
  • Table 104: Companies developing nanocellulose 3D printing products.
  • Table 105. Market assessment for nanocellulose in aerospace-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global aerospace OEMs.
  • Table 106: Companies developing nanocellulose products in aircraft and aerospace.
  • Table 107: Nanocellulose producers and types of nanocellulose produced.
  • Table 108: Target markets, by nanocellulose producer.
  • Table 109: Granbio Nanocellulose Processes.
  • Table 110: Oji Holdings CNF products.
  • Table 111: CNC producers and production capacities.
  • Table 112: Target market, by cellulose nanocrystal producer.
  • Table 113. Fibnano properties.

Figures

  • Figure 1. Nanocellulose market in 2020-industry product and production activity.
  • Figure 3: Nanocellulose market value, by end user market demand, 2018-2030 (Tons). total.
  • Figure 4: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers/MFC by market, 2018-2030.
  • Figure 5: Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals by market, 2018-2030.
  • Figure 6: Nanocellulose-based commercial products.
  • Figure 7. Dorayaki.
  • Figure 8. ENASAVE NEXT.
  • Figure 9. GEL-KAYANO™.
  • Figure 10. Kirekira! toilet wipes.
  • Figure 11. "Poise" series Super strong deodorant sheet.
  • Figure 12. SC-3 (B) speakers.
  • Figure 13. SE-MONITOR5 headphones.
  • Figure 14. "Skin Care Acty" series Adult diapers.
  • Figure 15. "SURISURI" Lotion.
  • Figure 16: Regional demand for cellulose nanofibers, 2020.
  • Figure 17: Schematic diagram of partial molecular structure of cellulose chain with numbering for carbon atoms and n= number of cellobiose repeating unit.
  • Figure 18: Scale of cellulose materials.
  • Figure 19: Types of nanocellulose.
  • Figure 20: Relationship between different kinds of nanocelluloses.
  • Figure 21: CNF gel.
  • Figure 22. TEM image of cellulose nanocrystals.
  • Figure 23. CNC preparation.
  • Figure 24: Extracting CNC from trees.
  • Figure 25: CNC slurry.
  • Figure 26. Nanocellulose preparation methods and resulting materials.
  • Figure 27. Various preparation methods for nanocellulose.
  • Figure 28: (a) Number of research publications on the different nomenclatures of nanocellulosic materials per year during the last decade. (b) Cumulative number of research article number published per nomenclature.
  • Figure 29. Published patent publications for nanocellulose, 2009-2018.
  • Figure 30: Nanocellulose patents by field of application.
  • Figure 31. Applications of nanocellulose in composites.
  • Figure 32: Global market demand for nanocellulose in composites, 2018-2030 (tons).
  • Figure 33. CNF mixed PLA (Poly Lactic Acid).
  • Figure 34: CNF resin products.
  • Figure 35. Interior of NCV concept car.
  • Figure 36. Applications of nanocellulose in automotive.
  • Figure 37: Global demand for nanocellulose in the automotive sector, 2018-2030 (tons).
  • Figure 38: Daio Paper's cellulose nanofiber material in doors and hood of race car.
  • Figure 39: CNF composite.
  • Figure 40: Engine cover utilizing Kao CNF composite resins.
  • Figure 41. The structure of the CNF-based front hood.
  • Figure 42. CNF car engine cover developed in Japan Ministry of the Environment's (MOE) Nano Cellulose Vehicle (NCV) Project.
  • Figure 43. Comparison of nanofillers with supplementary cementitious materials and aggregates in concrete.
  • Figure 44. Applications of nanocellulose in construction.
  • Figure 45: Demand for nanocellulose in construction, 2018-2030 (tons).
  • Figure 46. Applications of nanocellulose in paper and board packaging.
  • Figure 47: Global demand for nanocellulose in the paper & board/packaging, 2018-2030 (tons).
  • Figure 48. Applications of nanocellulose in textiles and apparel.
  • Figure 49: Demand for nanocellulose in the textiles, 2018-2030 (tons).
  • Figure 50: CNF deodorant products.
  • Figure 51. Applications of nanocellulose in medicine and healthcare.
  • Figure 52: Global demand for nanocellulose in medical and healthcare, 2018-2030 (tons).
  • Figure 53: Global demand for nanocellulose in hygiene and absorbents 2018-2030 (tons).
  • Figure 54. Fibnano.
  • Figure 55. Applications of nanocellulose in paints and coatings.
  • Figure 56: Global demand for nanocellulose in paint and coatings, 2018-2030 (tons).
  • Figure 57. Hefcel-coated wood (left) and untreated wood (right) after 30 seconds flame test.
  • Figure 58: Global demand for nanocellulose in aerogels and insulation, 2018-2030 (tons).
  • Figure 59: Global demand for nanocellulose in the oil and gas market, 2018-2030 (tons).
  • Figure 60. Nanocellulose sponge developed by EMPA for potential applications in oil recovery.
  • Figure 61. Applications of nanocellulose in filtration.
  • Figure 62: Global demand for nanocellulose in the filtration market, 2018-2030 (tons).
  • Figure 63. Multi-layered cross section of CNF-nw.
  • Figure 64. Applications of nanocellulose in rheology modifers.
  • Figure 65: Global demand for nanocellulose in the rheology modifiers market, 2018-2030 (tons).
  • Figure 66. "SURISURI" products.
  • Figure 67: Foldable nanopaper antenna.
  • Figure 68: Flexible electronic substrate made from CNF.
  • Figure 69. Oji CNF transparent sheets.
  • Figure 70. Electronic components using NFC as insulating materials.
  • Figure 71: Anpoly cellulose nanofiber hydrogel.
  • Figure 72. MEDICELLU™.
  • Figure 73: Ashai Kasei CNF production process.
  • Figure 74: Asahi Kasei CNF fabric sheet.
  • Figure 75: Properties of Asahi Kasei cellulose nanofiber nonwoven fabric.
  • Figure 76: CNF nonwoven fabric.
  • Figure 77. Borregaard Chemcell CNF production process.
  • Figure 78. nanoforest products.
  • Figure 79. Chuetsu Pulp & Paper CNF production process.
  • Figure 80. nanoforest-S.
  • Figure 81. nanoforest-PDP.
  • Figure 82. nanoforest-MB.
  • Figure 83. Daicel Corporation CNF production process.
  • Figure 84. Celish.
  • Figure 85: Trunk lid incorporating CNF.
  • Figure 86. Daio Paper CNF production process.
  • Figure 87. ELLEX products.
  • Figure 88. CNF-reinforced PP compounds.
  • Figure 89. Kirekira! toilet wipes.
  • Figure 90. Color CNF.
  • Figure 91. DIC Products CNF production process.
  • Figure 92. DKS Co. Ltd. CNF production process.
  • Figure 93: Rheocrysta spray.
  • Figure 94. DKS CNF products.
  • Figure 95: CNF based on citrus peel.
  • Figure 96. Citrus cellulose nanofiber.
  • Figure 97. Imerys CNF production process.
  • Figure 98. Filler Bank CNC products.
  • Figure 99: Cellulose Nanofiber (CNF) composite with polyethylene (PE).
  • Figure 100: CNF products from Furukawa Electric.
  • Figure 101. Granbio CNF production process.
  • Figure 102: Cutlery samples (spoon, knife, fork) made of nano cellulose and biodegradable plastic composite materials.
  • Figure 103. Non-aqueous CNF dispersion "Senaf" (Photo shows 5% of plasticizer).
  • Figure 104: CNF gel.
  • Figure 105: Block nanocellulose material.
  • Figure 106: CNF products developed by Hokuetsu.
  • Figure 107. Innventia CNF production process.
  • Figure 108: Innventia AB movable nanocellulose demo plant.
  • Figure 109. Kami Shoji CNF products.
  • Figure 110. Dual Graft System.
  • Figure 111: Engine cover utilizing Kao CNF composite resins.
  • Figure 112. Acrylic resin blended with modified CNF (fluid) and its molded product (transparent film), and image obtained with AFM (CNF 10wt% blended).
  • Figure 113: 0.3% aqueous dispersion of sulfated esterified CNF and dried transparent film (front side).
  • Figure 114. Kruger Biomaterials, Inc. CNF production process.
  • Figure 115. CNF deodorant.
  • Figure 116. Chitin nanofiber product.
  • Figure 117. Marusumi Paper cellulose nanofiber products.
  • Figure 118. FibriMa cellulose nanofiber powder.
  • Figure 119. Cellulomix production process.
  • Figure 120. Nanobase versus conventional products.
  • Figure 121. Uni-ball Signo UMN-307.
  • Figure 122: CNF slurries.
  • Figure 123. Range of CNF products.
  • Figure 124: Nanocell serum product.
  • Figure 125: Hydrophobization facilities for raw pulp.
  • Figure 126: Mixing facilities for CNF-reinforced plastic.
  • Figure 127. Nippon Paper CNF production process.
  • Figure 128: Nippon Paper Industries' adult diapers.
  • Figure 129. All-resin forceps incorporating CNF.
  • Figure 130. CNF paint product.
  • Figure 131: CNF wet powder.
  • Figure 132: CNF transparent film.
  • Figure 133: Transparent CNF sheets.
  • Figure 134. Oji Paper CNF production process.
  • Figure 135: CNF clear sheets.
  • Figure 136. Oji Holdings CNF polycarbonate product.
  • Figure 137: Fluorene cellulose ® powder.
  • Figure 138. Performance Biofilaments CNF production process.
  • Figure 139: XCNF.
  • Figure 140: CNF insulation flat plates.
  • Figure 141. Seiko PMC CNF production process.
  • Figure 142. Manufacturing process for STARCEL.
  • Figure 143: Rubber soles incorporating CNF.
  • Figure 144. CNF dispersion and powder from Starlite.
  • Figure 145. Stora Enso CNF production process.
  • Figure 146. Sugino Machine CNF production process.
  • Figure 147: High Pressure Water Jet Process.
  • Figure 148: 2 wt.% CNF suspension.
  • Figure 149. BiNFi-s Dry Powder.
  • Figure 150. BiNFi-s Dry Powder and Propylene (PP) Complex Pellet.
  • Figure 151: Silk nanofiber (right) and cocoon of raw material.
  • Figure 152: SVILOSA AD CNC products.
  • Figure 153: Silver / CNF composite dispersions.
  • Figure 154: CNF/nanosilver powder.
  • Figure 155: Comparison of weight reduction effect using CNF.
  • Figure 156: CNF resin products.
  • Figure 157. University of Maine CNF production process.
  • Figure 158. UPM-Kymmene CNF production process.
  • Figure 159. FibDex® wound dressing.
  • Figure 160. US Forest Service Products Laboratory CNF production process.
  • Figure 161: Flexible electronic substrate made from CNF.
  • Figure 162. VTT 100% bio-based stand-up pouches.
  • Figure 163. VTT CNF production process.
  • Figure 164: HefCel-coated wood (left) and untreated wood (right) after 30 seconds flame test.
  • Figure 165: Bio-based barrier bags prepared from Tempo-CNF coated bio-HDPE film.
  • Figure 166. Zelfo Technology GmbH CNF production process.
  • Figure 167: R3TM process technology.
  • Figure 168: Blue Goose CNC Production Process.
  • Figure 169: NCCTM Process.
  • Figure 170: Celluforce production process.
  • Figure 171: CNC produced at Tech Futures' pilot plant; cloudy suspension (1 wt.%), gel-like (10 wt.%), flake-like crystals, and very fine powder. Product advantages include:
  • Figure 172: Plantrose process.
  • Figure 173. CNC solution.
  • Figure 174. University of Maine CNF production process.
  • Figure 175. US Forest Service Products Laboratory CNF production process.
  • Figure 176. Cellugy materials.
  • Figure 177: Bacterial cellulose face mask sheet.
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