表紙
市場調査レポート

米国の小売業

Retailing in the US

発行 Euromonitor International 商品コード 114077
出版日 ページ情報 英文 148 Pages
即納可能
価格
本日の銀行送金レート: 1USD=106.12円で換算しております。
Back to Top
米国の小売業 Retailing in the US
出版日: 2016年01月18日 ページ情報: 英文 148 Pages
担当者のコメント
このシリーズは、他にも調査対象国がございます。詳細はお問合せください。
概要

2015年は、安定した経済情勢から、小売業の成長は支持されました。失業率の低さや、エネルギー価格の安定なども追い風になり、米国の小売業の実績に有益な効果をもたらしました。

当レポートでは、米国の小売業について包括的に調査分析し、最新の小売販売データ、主要企業プロファイル、主要ブランドについて検証するほか、市場に影響を与える戦略的分析、市場予測などについて、体系的な情報を提供しています。

米国の小売業:産業の概要

  • エグゼクティブサマリー
    • プラス成長が続く
    • マルチチャネルアプローチの継続と強化
    • 食料雑貨/非食料雑貨の小売業間の競争が激化
    • 小売業の統合
    • 技術・イノベーション・価格が小売業の成長を促進
  • 主要動向と発展
    • 経済見通し
    • オムニチャネル小売業者との競争が増加
    • 市場公正法の不確実性
  • 経営環境
  • 定義
  • 情報源

米国の小売業:企業プロファイル

  • Ahold USA Inc
  • Amazon.com Inc
  • Costco Wholesale Corp
  • eBay Inc
  • Kroger Co
  • Target Corp
  • Toys "R" Us Inc
  • Wal-Mart Stores Inc

米国の小売業:カテゴリー分析

  • 食料雑貨店
  • アパレル・フットウェア専門店
  • 家電専門店
  • 健康・美容専門店
  • 家庭・園芸用品専門店
  • レジャー・個人用品専門店
  • 複合小売店
  • 直販業者
  • ホームショッピング
  • インターネット小売
  • 自動販売機

このページに掲載されている内容は最新版と異なる場合があります。詳細はお問い合わせください。

目次
Product Code: RTUS

Stable economic conditions supported the growth of retailing in 2015. Unemployment remained low, helping consumers to feel confident about the economy, in turn benefiting retailers. In addition, energy prices remained stable. Retailers took advantage of this situation by focusing on offering competitive prices, a variety of purchasing platforms and a wide range of products. All of these factors had a beneficial effect on the performance of the US retailing industry in 2015.

Euromonitor International's Retailing in USA report offers insight into key trends and developments driving the industry. The report examines all retail channels to provide sector insight. Channels include hypermarkets, supermarkets, discounters, convenience stores, mixed retailers, health and beauty retailers, clothing and footwear retailers, furniture and furnishing stores, DIY and hardware stores, durable goods retailers, leisure and personal goods retailers. There are profiles of leading retailers, with analysis of their performance and the challenges they face. There is also analysis of non-store retailing: vending; homeshopping; internet retailing; direct selling, as available.

Product coverage: Non-Store Retailing, Store-based Retailing.

Data coverage: market sizes (historic and forecasts), company shares, brand shares and distribution data.

Why buy this report?

  • Get a detailed picture of the Retailing market;
  • Pinpoint growth sectors and identify factors driving change;
  • Understand the competitive environment, the market's major players and leading brands;
  • Use five-year forecasts to assess how the market is predicted to develop.

Table of Contents

Retailing in the US - Industry Overview

Executive Summary

  • Retailing Continues To Register Positive Growth in 2015
  • Multi-channel Approach Continues and Strengthens
  • Increasing Competition Between Grocery and Non-grocery Retailers
  • Consolidation Across Retailing
  • Technology, Innovation and Pricing To Drive Retailing Growth

Key Trends and Developments

  • Economic Outlook
  • Competition From Omni-channel Retailers Strengthens in 2015
  • Uncertainty Surrounding the Marketplace Fairness Act

Operating Environment

  • Informal Retailing
  • Opening Hours
    • Summary 1. Standard Opening Hours by Channel Type 2015
  • Physical Retail Landscape
  • Cash and Carry
  • Seasonality
  • Payments and Delivery
    • Summary 2. Company and Business Model Overview 2016

Emerging Business Models

  • Table 1. Sales in Retailing by Store-based vs Non-Store: Value 2010-2015
  • Table 2. Sales in Retailing by Store-based vs Non-Store: % Value Growth 2010-2015
  • Table 3. Sales in Store-based Retailing by Channel: Value 2010-2015
  • Table 4. Store-based Retailing Outlets by Channel: Units 2010-2015
  • Table 5. Sales in Store-based Retailing by Channel: % Value Growth 2010-2015
  • Table 6. Store-based Retailing Outlets by Channel: % Unit Growth 2010-2015
  • Table 7. Sales in Non-Store Retailing by Channel: Value 2010-2015
  • Table 8. Sales in Non-Store Retailing by Channel: % Value Growth 2010-2015
  • Table 9. Non-Grocery Specialists: Value Sales, Outlets and Selling Space 2010-2015
  • Table 10. Sales in Non-Grocery Specialists by Channel: Value 2010-2015
  • Table 11. Non-Grocery Specialists Outlets by Channel: Units 2010-2015
  • Table 12. Sales in Non-Grocery Specialists by Channel: % Value Growth 2010-2015
  • Table 13. Non-Grocery Specialists Outlets by Channel: % Unit Growth 2010-2015
  • Table 14. Retailing GBO Company Shares: % Value 2011-2015
  • Table 15. Retailing GBN Brand Shares: % Value 2012-2015
  • Table 16. Store-based Retailing GBO Company Shares: % Value 2011-2015
  • Table 17. Store-based Retailing GBN Brand Shares: % Value 2012-2015
  • Table 18. Store-based Retailing LBN Brand Shares: Outlets 2012-2015
  • Table 19. Non-Store Retailing GBO Company Shares: % Value 2011-2015
  • Table 20. Non-Store Retailing GBN Brand Shares: % Value 2012-2015
  • Table 21. Non-Grocery Specialists GBO Company Shares: % Value 2011-2015
  • Table 22. Non-Grocery Specialists GBN Brand Shares: % Value 2012-2015
  • Table 23. Non-Grocery Specialists LBN Brand Shares: Outlets 2012-2015
  • Table 24. Non-Grocery Specialists LBN Brand Shares: Selling Space 2012-2015
  • Table 25. Forecast Sales in Retailing by Store-based vs Non-Store: Value 2015-2020
  • Table 26. Forecast Sales in Retailing by Store-based vs Non-Store: % Value Growth 2015-2020
  • Table 27. Forecast Sales in Store-based Retailing by Channel: Value 2015-2020
  • Table 28. Forecast Store-based Retailing Outlets by Channel: Units 2015-2020
  • Table 29. Forecast Sales in Store-based Retailing by Channel: % Value Growth 2015-2020
  • Table 30. Forecast Store-Based Retailing Outlets by Channel: % Unit Growth 2015-2020
  • Table 31. Forecast Sales in Non-Store Retailing by Channel: Value 2015-2020
  • Table 32. Forecast Sales in Non-Store Retailing by Channel: % Value Growth 2015-2020
  • Table 33. Non-Grocery Specialists Forecasts: Value Sales, Outlets and Selling Space 2015-2020
  • Table 34. Forecast Sales in Non-Grocery Specialists by Channel: Value 2015-2020
  • Table 35. Forecast Non-Grocery Specialists Outlets by Channel: Units 2015-2020
  • Table 36. Forecast Sales in Non-Grocery Specialists by Channel: % Value Growth 2015-2020
  • Table 37. Forecast Non-Grocery Specialists Outlets by Channel: % Unit Growth 2015-2020

Definitions

Sources

  • Summary 3. Research Sources

Retailing in the US - Company Profiles

Ahold USA Inc in Retailing (usa)

  • Strategic Direction
  • Company Background
  • Digital Strategy
    • Summary 4. Ahold USA Inc: Share of Sales Generated by Internet Retailing 2013-2015
  • Private Label
    • Summary 5. Ahold USA Inc: Private Label Portfolio
  • Competitive Positioning
    • Summary 6. Ahold USA Inc: Competitive Position 2015

Amazon.com Inc in Retailing (usa)

  • Strategic Direction
  • Company Background
  • Digital Strategy
    • Summary 7. Amazon.com Inc: Share of Sales Generated by Internet Retailing 2013-2015
  • Private Label
    • Summary 8. Amazon.com Inc: Private Label Portfolio
  • Competitive Positioning
    • Summary 9. Amazon.com Inc: Competitive Position 2015

Costco Wholesale Corp in Retailing (usa)

  • Strategic Direction
  • Company Background
  • Digital Strategy
    • Summary 10. Costco Wholesale Corp: Share of Sales Generated by Internet Retailing 2013-2015
  • Private Label
    • Summary 11. Costco Wholesale Corp: Private Label Portfolio
  • Competitive Positioning
    • Summary 12. Costco Wholesale Corp: Competitive Position 2015

Ebay Inc in Retailing (usa)

  • Strategic Direction
  • Company Background
  • Digital Strategy
    • Summary 13. eBay Inc: Share of Sales Generated by Internet Retailing 2013-2015
  • Competitive Positioning
    • Summary 14. eBay Inc: Competitive Position 2015

Kroger Co in Retailing (usa)

  • Strategic Direction
  • Company Background
  • Digital Strategy
    • Summary 15. Kroger Co: Share of Sales Generated by Internet Retailing 2013-2015
  • Private Label
    • Summary 16. Kroger Co: Private Label Portfolio
  • Competitive Positioning
    • Summary 17. Kroger Co: Competitive Position 2015

Target Corp in Retailing (usa)

  • Strategic Direction
  • Company Background
  • Digital Strategy
    • Summary 18. Target Corp: Share of Sales Generated by Internet Retailing 2013-2015
  • Private Label
    • Summary 19. Target Corp: Private Label Portfolio
  • Competitive Positioning
    • Summary 20. Target Corp: Competitive Position 2015

Toys "r" US Inc in Retailing (usa)

  • Strategic Direction
  • Company Background
  • Digital Strategy
    • Summary 21. Toys “R” Us Inc: Share of Sales Generated by Internet Retailing 2013-2015
  • Private Label
    • Summary 22. Toys “R” Us Inc: Private Label Portfolio
  • Competitive Positioning
    • Summary 23. Toys “R” Us Inc: Competitive Position 2015

Wal-mart Stores Inc in Retailing (usa)

  • Strategic Direction
  • Company Background
  • Digital Strategy
    • Summary 24. Wal-Mart Stores Inc: Share of Sales Generated by Internet Retailing 2013-2015
  • Private Label
    • Summary 25. Wal-Mart Stores Inc: Private Label Portfolio
  • Competitive Positioning
    • Summary 26. Wal-Mart Stores Inc: Competitive Position 2015

Grocery Retailers in the US - Category analysis

  • Headlines
  • Trends
  • Traditional Vs Modern
  • Competitive Landscape
  • Prospects
  • Channel Formats
    • Chart 1. Modern Grocery Retailers: Walmart Supercenter, Hypermarket in Chicago, IL
    • Chart 2. Modern Grocery Retailers: Walmart Express, Supermarket in Chicago, IL
    • Chart 3. Modern Grocery Retailers: Super Target exterior, Hypermarket in Chicago, IL
    • Chart 4. Modern Grocery Retailers: Whole Foods Market, Supermarket in Chicago, IL
    • Chart 5. Modern Grocery Retailers: Aldi, Discounter in Chicago, IL
  • Channel Data
    • Table 38. Grocery Retailers: Value Sales, Outlets and Selling Space 2010-2015
    • Table 39. Sales in Grocery Retailers by Channel: Value 2010-2015
    • Table 40. Grocery Retailers Outlets by Channel: Units 2010-2015
    • Table 41. Sales in Grocery Retailers by Channel: % Value Growth 2010-2015
    • Table 42. Grocery Retailers Outlets by Channel: % Unit Growth 2010-2015
    • Table 43. Grocery Retailers GBO Company Shares: % Value 2011-2015
    • Table 44. Grocery Retailers GBN Brand Shares: % Value 2012-2015
    • Table 45. Grocery Retailers LBN Brand Shares: Outlets 2012-2015
    • Table 46. Grocery Retailers LBN Brand Shares: Selling Space 2012-2015
    • Table 47. Grocery Retailers Forecasts: Value Sales, Outlets and Selling Space 2015-2020
    • Table 48. Forecast Sales in Grocery Retailers by Channel: Value 2015-2020
    • Table 49. Forecast Grocery Retailers Outlets by Channel: Units 2015-2020
    • Table 50. Forecast Sales in Grocery Retailers by Channel: % Value Growth 2015-2020
    • Table 51. Forecast Grocery Retailers Outlets by Channel: % Unit Growth 2015-2020

Apparel and Footwear Specialist Retailers in the US - Category analysis

  • Headlines
  • Trends
  • Competitive Landscape
  • Prospects
  • Channel Formats
    • Chart 6. Apparel and Footwear Specialist Retailers: Express, in Chicago
    • Chart 7. Apparel and Footwear Specialist Retailers: Gap, in Chicago
    • Chart 8. Apparel and Footwear Specialist Retailers: J Crew, in Chicago
  • Channel Data
    • Table 52. Apparel And Footwear Specialist Retailers: Value Sales, Outlets and Selling Space 2010-2015
    • Table 53. Apparel And Footwear Specialist Retailers: Value Sales, Outlets and Selling Space: % Growth 2010-2015
    • Table 54. Apparel And Footwear Specialist Retailers GBO Company Shares: % Value 2011-2015
    • Table 55. Apparel And Footwear Specialist Retailers GBN Brand Shares: % Value 2012-2015
    • Table 56. Apparel And Footwear Specialist Retailers LBN Brand Shares: Outlets 2012-2015
    • Table 57. Apparel And Footwear Specialist Retailers LBN Brand Shares: Selling Space 2012-2015
    • Table 58. Apparel And Footwear Specialist Retailers Forecasts: Value Sales, Outlets and Selling Space 2015-2020
    • Table 59. Apparel And Footwear Specialist Retailers Forecasts: Value Sales, Outlets and Selling Space: % Growth 2015-2020

Electronics and Appliance Specialist Retailers in the US - Category analysis

  • Headlines
  • Trends
  • Competitive Landscape
  • Prospects
  • Channel Formats
    • Chart 9. Electronics and Appliance Specialist Retailers: Best Buy, in Chicago
  • Channel Data
    • Table 60. Electronics and Appliance Specialist Retailers: Value Sales, Outlets and Selling Space 2010-2015
    • Table 61. Electronics and Appliance Specialist Retailers: Value Sales, Outlets and Selling Space: % Growth 2010-2015
    • Table 62. Electronics and Appliance Specialist Retailers GBO Company Shares: % Value 2011-2015
    • Table 63. Electronics and Appliance Specialist Retailers GBN Brand Shares: % Value 2012-2015
    • Table 64. Electronics and Appliance Specialist Retailers LBN Brand Shares: Outlets 2012-2015
    • Table 65. Electronics and Appliance Specialist Retailers LBN Brand Shares: Selling Space 2012-2015
    • Table 66. Electronics and Appliance Specialist Retailers Forecasts: Value Sales, Outlets and Selling Space 2015-2020
    • Table 67. Electronics and Appliance Specialist Retailers Forecasts: Value Sales, Outlets and Selling Space: % Growth 2015-2020

Health and Beauty Specialist Retailers in the US - Category analysis

  • Headlines
  • Trends
  • Competitive Landscape
  • Prospects
  • Channel Formats
    • Chart 10. Health and Beauty Specialist Retailers: CVS, Drugstore in Chicago
    • Chart 11. Health and Beauty Specialist Retailers: Walgreens, Drugstore in Chicago
    • Chart 12. Health and Beauty Specialist Retailers: Sephora, Beauty Specialist in Chicago
  • Channel Data
    • Table 68. Health and Beauty Specialist Retailers: Value Sales, Outlets and Selling Space 2010-2015
    • Table 69. Sales in Health and Beauty Specialist Retailers by Channel: Value 2010-2015
    • Table 70. Health and Beauty Specialist Retailers: Value Sales, Outlets and Selling Space: % Growth 2010-2015
    • Table 71. Sales in Health and Beauty Specialist Retailers by Channel: % Value Growth 2010-2015
    • Table 72. Health and Beauty Specialist Retailers GBO Company Shares: % Value 2011-2015
    • Table 73. Health and Beauty Specialist Retailers GBN Brand Shares: % Value 2012-2015
    • Table 74. Health and Beauty Specialist Retailers LBN Brand Shares: Outlets 2012-2015
    • Table 75. Health and Beauty Specialist Retailers LBN Brand Shares: Selling Space 2012-2015
    • Table 76. Health and Beauty Specialist Retailers Forecasts: Value Sales, Outlets and Selling Space 2015-2020
    • Table 77. Forecast Sales in Health and Beauty Specialist Retailers by Channel: Value 2015-2020
    • Table 78. Health and Beauty Specialist Retailers Forecasts: Value Sales, Outlets and Selling Space: % Growth 2015-2020
    • Table 79. Forecast Sales in Health and Beauty Specialist Retailers by Channel: % Value Growth 2015-2020

Home and Garden Specialist Retailers in the US - Category analysis

  • Headlines
  • Trends
  • Competitive Landscape
  • Prospects
  • Channel Formats
    • Chart 13. Home and Garden Specialist Retailers: Crate & Barrel, Homewares and Home Furnishing Store in Chicago
    • Chart 14. Home and Garden Specialist Retailers: West Elm, Homewares and Home Furnishing Store in Chicago
    • Chart 15. Home and Garden Specialist Retailers: Pottery Barn, Homewares and Home Furnishing Store in Chicago
  • Channel Data
    • Table 80. Home and Garden Specialist Retailers: Value Sales, Outlets and Selling Space 2010-2015
    • Table 81. Sales in Home and Garden Specialist Retailers by Channel: Value 2010-2015
    • Table 82. Home and Garden Specialist Retailers: Value Sales, Outlets and Selling Space: % Growth 2010-2015
    • Table 83. Sales in Home and Garden Specialist Retailers by Channel: % Value Growth 2010-2015
    • Table 84. Home and Garden Specialist Retailers GBO Company Shares: % Value 2011-2015
    • Table 85. Home and Garden Specialist Retailers GBN Brand Shares: % Value 2012-2015
    • Table 86. Home and Garden Specialist Retailers LBN Brand Shares: Outlets 2012-2015
    • Table 87. Home and Garden Specialist Retailers LBN Brand Shares: Selling Space 2012-2015
    • Table 88. Home and Garden Specialist Retailers Forecasts: Value Sales, Outlets and Selling Space 2015-2020
    • Table 89. Sales in Home and Garden Specialist Retailers by Channel: Value 2015-2020
    • Table 90. Home and Garden Specialist Retailers Forecasts: Value Sales, Outlets and Selling Space: % Growth 2015-2020
    • Table 91. Forecast Sales in Home and Garden Specialist Retailers by Channel: % Value Growth 2015-2020

Leisure and Personal Goods Specialist Retailers in the US - Category analysis

  • Headlines
  • Trends
  • Channel Formats
    • Chart 16. Leisure and Personal Goods Specialist Retailers: PetCo, Pet Shops and Superstores in Chicago
    • Chart 17. Leisure and Personal Goods Specialist Retailers: Babies “R” Us, Traditional Toys and Games Stores in Chicago
  • Channel Data
    • Table 92. Leisure and Personal Goods Specialist Retailers: Value Sales, Outlets and Selling Space 2010-2015
    • Table 93. Sales in Leisure and Personal Goods Specialist Retailers by Channel: Value 2010-2015
    • Table 94. Leisure and Personal Goods Specialist Retailers: Value Sales, Outlets and Selling Space: % Growth 2010-2015
    • Table 95. Sales in Leisure and Personal Goods Specialist Retailers by Channel: % Value Growth 2010-2015
    • Table 96. Leisure and Personal Goods Specialist Retailers GBO Company Shares: % Value 2011-2015
    • Table 97. Leisure and Personal Goods Specialist Retailers GBN Brand Shares: % Value 2012-2015
    • Table 98. Leisure and Personal Goods Specialist Retailers LBN Brand Shares: Outlets 2012-2015
    • Table 99. Leisure and Personal Goods Specialist Retailers LBN Brand Shares: Selling Space 2012-2015
    • Table 100. Leisure and Personal Goods Specialist Retailers Forecasts: Value Sales, Outlets and Selling Space 2015-2020
    • Table 101. Forecast Sales in Leisure and Personal Goods Specialist Retailers by Channel: Value 2015-2020
    • Table 102. Leisure and Personal Goods Specialist Retailers Forecasts: Value Sales, Outlets and Selling Space: % Growth 2015-2020
    • Table 103. Forecast Sales in Leisure and Personal Goods Specialist Retailers by Channel: % Value Growth 2015-2020

Mixed Retailers in the US - Category analysis

  • Headlines
  • Trends
  • Competitive Landscape
  • Prospects
  • Channel Formats
    • Chart 18. Mixed Retailers: Costco, Warehouse Club in Chicago
    • Chart 19. Mixed Retailers: Kohl's, Department Store in Chicago
    • Chart 20. Mixed Retailers: Sears, Department Store in Chicago
  • Channel Data
    • Table 104. Mixed Retailers: Value Sales, Outlets and Selling Space 2010-2015
    • Table 105. Sales in Mixed Retailers by Channel: Value 2010-2015
    • Table 106. Mixed Retailers Outlets by Channel: Units 2010-2015
    • Table 107. Mixed Retailers: Value Sales, Outlets and Selling Space: % Growth 2010-2015
    • Table 108. Sales in Mixed Retailers by Channel: % Value Growth 2010-2015
    • Table 109. Mixed Retailers Outlets by Channel: % Unit Growth 2010-2015
    • Table 110. Mixed Retailers GBO Company Shares: % Value 2011-2015
    • Table 111. Mixed Retailers GBN Brand Shares: % Value 2012-2015
    • Table 112. Mixed Retailers LBN Brand Shares: Outlets 2012-2015
    • Table 113. Mixed Retailers LBN Brand Shares: Selling Space 2012-2015
    • Table 114. Mixed Retailers Forecasts: Value Sales, Outlets and Selling Space 2015-2020
    • Table 115. Forecast Sales in Mixed Retailers by Channel: Value 2015-2020
    • Table 116. Forecast Mixed Retailers Outlets by Channel: Units 2015-2020
    • Table 117. Mixed Retailers Forecasts: Value Sales, Outlets and Selling Space: % Growth 2015-2020
    • Table 118. Forecast Sales in Mixed Retailers by Channel: % Value Growth 2015-2020
    • Table 119. Forecast Mixed Retailers Outlets by Channel: % Unit Growth 2015-2020

Direct Selling in the US - Category analysis

  • Headlines
  • Trends
  • Competitive Landscape
  • Prospects
  • Channel Data
    • Table 120. Direct Selling by Category: Value 2010-2015
    • Table 121. Direct Selling by Category: % Value Growth 2010-2015
    • Table 122. Direct Selling GBO Company Shares: % Value 2011-2015
    • Table 123. Direct Selling GBN Brand Shares: % Value 2012-2015
    • Table 124. Direct Selling Forecasts by Category: Value 2015-2020
    • Table 125. Direct Selling Forecasts by Category: % Value Growth 2015-2020

Homeshopping in the US - Category analysis

  • Headlines
  • Trends
  • Competitive Landscape
  • Prospects
  • Channel Data
    • Table 126. Homeshopping by Category: Value 2010-2015
    • Table 127. Homeshopping by Category: % Value Growth 2010-2015
    • Table 128. Homeshopping GBO Company Shares: % Value 2011-2015
    • Table 129. Homeshopping GBN Brand Shares: % Value 2012-2015
    • Table 130. Homeshopping Forecasts by Category: Value 2015-2020
    • Table 131. Homeshopping Forecasts by Category: % Value Growth 2015-2020

Internet Retailing in the US - Category analysis

  • Headlines
  • Trends
  • Competitive Landscape
  • Prospects
  • Channel Data
    • Table 132. Internet Retailing by Category: Value 2010-2015
    • Table 133. Internet Retailing by Category: % Value Growth 2010-2015
    • Table 134. Internet Retailing GBO Company Shares: % Value 2011-2015
    • Table 135. Internet Retailing GBN Brand Shares: % Value 2012-2015
    • Table 136. Internet Retailing Forecasts by Category: Value 2015-2020
    • Table 137. Internet Retailing Forecasts by Category: % Value Growth 2015-2020

Vending in the US - Category analysis

  • Headlines
  • Trends
  • Prospects
  • Channel Data
    • Table 138. Vending by Category: Value 2010-2015
    • Table 139. Vending by Category: % Value Growth 2010-2015
    • Table 140. Vending Forecasts by Category: Value 2015-2020
    • Table 141. Vending Forecasts by Category: % Value Growth 2015-2020
Back to Top