市場調査レポート

世界のHB-LED(高輝度発光ダイオード)市場の予測と分析:2011年〜2021年

High-Brightness LED Global Market Forecast & Analysis (2011-2021)

発行 ElectroniCast 商品コード 228331
出版日 ページ情報 英文 887 Pages
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世界のHB-LED(高輝度発光ダイオード)市場の予測と分析:2011年〜2021年 High-Brightness LED Global Market Forecast & Analysis (2011-2021)
出版日: 2012年01月13日 ページ情報: 英文 887 Pages
概要

ElectroniCast Consultants社によると、2011年の世界におけるパッケージド高輝度LED(HB-LED)の消費は、107億7000万米ドルとなりました。また、同市場は、2021年には697億米ドルに達する見込みです。

当レポートでは、世界のHB-LED(高輝度発光ダイオード)市場の現状と見通しについて調査分析し、地域・カラータイプ・アプリケーションなど各種ファクター別の市場予測、アプリケーション市場予測、主な関連企業のプロファイルなどを提供しており、概略以下の構成でお届けします。

第1章 HB-LEDの世界市場:予測と分析

  • エグゼクティブサマリー
  • 照明に使用されるLEDチップ

第2章 HB-LED市場予測:カラータイプ・ルーメン/ワット別

第3章 アプリケーション市場予測:地域別

  • 概要
  • モバイルデバイスにおけるHB-LED
  • サイネージ/業務用ディスプレイにおけるHB-LED
  • SSL(固体照明)/一般照明におけるHB-LED
  • 信号におけるHB-LED
  • 自動車におけるHB-LED
  • 家庭用テレビ/デスクトップモニター(バックライト)におけるHB-LED
  • その他のアプリケーションにおけるHB-LED

第4章 LED:技術概要

第5章 LED関連企業のプロファイル(290社以上)

第6章 市場調査手法

第7章 定義・規格

  • 略語・用語
  • 照明の規格とプロトコル

第8章 市場予測データベース

  • 概要
  • データベースワークシートに関するチュートリアル
    • Excelデータベーススプレッドシート(世界市場予測)
      • 詳細データ:ASP・出荷数・出荷額
    • Power Point市場データ(世界市場予測)

図表

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目次

This is the ElectroniCast forecast of global market consumption of packaged high brightness light emitting diodes (HB-LEDs).

The light emitting diode (LED) market, despite exciting innovative devices driven by technological advances and ecological/energy-saving concerns, still face challenges in overcoming performance/price limitations and in attracting widespread consumption. The use of LEDs in general lighting is increasing, initiating from government-based retrofitting projects - then to commercial/business - and then to the consumer-level.

High Brightness (HB) LEDs

High Brightness (HB) LEDs, defined by ElectroniCast, for the purpose of this study, are component-level bulbs with a lumens/Watt rating of 30 lm/W and above, face the challenge of creating definitive positions in the illumination market, as competing lighting solutions are readily available and accepted. While this does not limit the potential success of HB-LEDs, it does create some challenges. This report provides an independent examination and analysis of the changing market dynamics for various types of HB-LEDs and UHB-LEDs (ultra-high brightness) used in selected end-use applications.

The review of 2011 plus the market forecast (2012-2021) is presented for High Brightness LEDs with a lumens/Watt rating of 30 to 70 lm/W, as well as HB-LEDs with a lumens/Watt rating of over 70 lm/W.

The HB-LED market forecast data are segmented by the following functions:

  • Consumption Value (US$, million in the Excel file and US$ Billion in report text)
  • Quantity (number/units: Million in Excel file and Billion in report text)
  • Average Selling Prices (ASP $, each)

The consumption value is determined by multiplying the number of units by the average selling price. The average selling prices are based on the price of the component-level LED bulbs at the initial factory level. The consumption values are based on the end-user application and the end-user region.

The market data are segmented into the following geographic regions, plus a Global summary:

  • America (North America, Central and South America)
  • EMEA (Europe, Middle Eastern countries, plus Africa)
  • APAC (Asia Pacific)

The global HB-LED market is segmented into the following major application categories:

  • Mobile/Portable Devices
  • Signage/Professional Displays
  • Solid-State Lighting - General Lighting
  • Stationary Signals (not used in or on vehicles)
  • Automotive/Vehicle (automotive, ships, rail/train, planes, etc)
  • Consumer-Level TV/Desktop Monitor Backlighting
  • Other/Miscellaneous (specialty, medical/science, test/measurement, etc)

The market data for HB-LEDs are also segmented by the following colors (type):

  • Multiple-color multiple-chip packaged HB-LED
  • Red, Orange or Yellow single color packaged HB-LED
  • Blue, Green, Ultraviolet (UV) or Other Color single color packaged HB-LED
  • White (WLED) packaged HB-LED

LED Level Quantified in the ElectroniCast Study

A Light Emitting Diode (LED) is a solid-state semiconductor device that converts electrical energy directly into light. On its most basic level, the semiconductor is comprised of two regions. The p-region contains positive electrical charges while the n-region contains negative electrical charges. When voltage is applied and current begins to flow, the electrons move across the n region into the p region. The process of an electron moving through the p-n junction releases energy. The dispersion of this energy produces photons with visible wavelengths. Below, are four levels (or “food chain”) of LEDs. For the purposes of THIS ElectroniCast study, we quantify and provide a market forecast for “Level 2”

  • Level 1 - The chip or die
  • Level 2 - The Packaged LED (component-level bulb)
  • Level 3 - LED Lamp (consumer-level bulb/lamp)
  • Level 4 - LED luminaire (fixture/fitting)

Consumption Forecast: $69.7 Billion in 2021

According to ElectroniCast Consultants, the global consumption of packaged HB-LEDs in 2011 was $10.77 billion. In the year 2021, the worldwide consumption value is forecast to reach $69.7 billion. Market forecast data in this study report refers to consumption (use) for a particular calendar year; therefore, this data is not cumulative data.

HB-LED Global Consumption Market Forecast,
By Region (Value Basis, $Billion)

Source: ElectroniCast Consultants

Market Analysis by Application

Decreasing average selling prices (ASPs) is forecast to cause challenging growth patterns in consumption value in some application segments (categories). Because of this, some application categories are forecast for declining consumption values in the 2nd half of the forecast period (2016-2021); however, the volumes (quantity/number of units) in all categories are forecast for positive growth throughout the forecast period.

Use of HB-LEDs in Mobile/Portable Devices is forecast to remain a strong segment; however, OLEDs continue to take market share. The sector is relatively mature and it already has a substantial consumption value in 2012.

In terms of consumption value (quantity x prices = value), the use of HB-LEDs in the Automotive/Vehicle category is forecast to multiply by a factor of more than 2-times (2x) from 2011 to 2016.

The use of HB-LEDs in stationary (non-vehicle) Signals is forecast to increase at an average growth rate of (only) 5.5 percent from 2011 to 2016; consumption value of HB-LEDs in stationary signals is forecast to decline sharply due to offsetting price declines, as well as market saturation; however, in terms of volume (quantity/units), the segment is forecast for a slight increase during 2016-2021. Note: Signals used in vehicles are quantified in the vehicle application.

General Lighting provides the main illumination of an area. In this study, we provide the consumption data for 2011 as well as our market forecast for 2012-2021 of the packaged HB-LED (component) used for general lighting stationary applications, including interior and exterior decorative and functional lighting for residential, commercial and government areas (lighting for vehicles is included in the vehicle application category).

For the purposes of this study, ElectroniCast includes Directional Lighting, Supplementary Lighting and Architectural Lighting in the General Lighting category; however, large-screen/panel(s) entertainment lighting is not considered in the General Lighting segment; therefore ElectroniCast counts LEDs used in signage, displays, in the Signage/Professional Display application category for this study.

Led-based lighting is used in interior/exterior residential, commercial/industrial and government buildings/facilities. Led-based lighting is also used in other general lighting applications, such as: theaters, photography, swimming pools, landscaping, fountains, parks/campus, parking lots/streetlights news-gathering (TV broadcasts, film, similar) and even in nightclubs on the dance floor, etc. The LEDs are used in luminairies (light fixtures) in stationary applications (non-vehicle) and are used to provide the main illumination of an area (general lighting).

LEDs are used in both functional and decorative light fixtures, with an advantage of energy savings. Compared to incandescent lighting, LED-based solid-state lighting (SSL) delivers visible light with reduced heat. In addition, its solid-state nature provides for greater resistance to shock, vibration, and wear, thereby significantly increasing its lifespan.

The use (consumption value) of HB-LEDs in the Signage/Professional Display application is forecast to increase at an average annual rate of 22.1 percent from 2011 to 2016 and then increase at an impressive 35.9 percent per year (2016-2021).

Consumption of HB-LEDs in “Other” or miscellaneous (non-specified) applications is forecast to reach $710 million in 2016, before decreasing during the 2nd half of the forecast period (2016-2021.

The use of HB-LEDs in backlighting of consumer-level TV/Desktop Monitors is forecast to maintain a strong market share (%) throughout the 1st-half of the forecast period (2011-2016), before slipping in market share during the 2nd-half of the forecast period (2016-2021), due to saturation in many markets as well as an increase in competition from OLEDs. Also, the number of white packaged light emitting diodes require in the back lighting unit (BLU) in the consumer-level LCD-TV (and desktop monitor) will decline, due to increased luminous efficacy and improvements (innovations) in supporting optics (components and packaging).

Project Director

Stephen Montgomery, MBA/Technology Management, President - International Business Expansion at ElectroniCast Consultants. He has specialized in photonics and fiber optic components market & technology forecasting at ElectroniCast for over 20-years. He has given numerous presentations and published a number of articles on the use of Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) in illumination and Optical Communication markets, technology, applications and installations. He is a member of the Editorial Advisory Board of LIGHTWAVE magazine (PennWell Publishing) and writes a monthly article covering the optical communication industry for OPTCOM Magazine in Japan (Kogyo Tsushin Co., Ltd.).

Table of Contents

1. HB-LEDs Global Market Forecast & Analysis

  • 1.1. Executive Summary
  • 1.2. LED Chips Used in Lighting

2. HB-LED Market Forecast By Color Type and Lumen/Watt

3. Application Market Forecast, by Region

  • 3.1. Overview
  • 3.2. HB-LEDs in Mobile Devices
  • 3.3. HB-LEDs in Signage and Professional Displays
  • 3.4. HB-LEDs in SSL-General Lighting
  • 3.5. HB-LEDs in Stationary Signals
  • 3.6. HB-LEDs in Automotive/Vehicles
  • 3.7. HB-LEDs in Consumer TV and Desktop Monitors (Backlighting)
  • 3.8. HB-LEDs in Other-Miscellaneous Applications

4. LEDs - Technology Overview

5. Company Profiles of LED and Related Companies (over 290 companies)

6. ElectroniCast Market Research Methodology6-1

7. Definitions and Standards

  • 7.1. Acronyms, Abbreviations, and General Terms
  • 7.2. Lighting Standards and Protocols

8. Market Forecast Data Base Explanation

  • 8.1. Overview
  • 8.2. Tutorial of the Excel Worksheets
    • Excel Data Base Spreadsheets (ElectroniCast Global Market Forecast)
      • Detailed Data: ASP ($, each); Quantity (Million); Value ($, Million) for all Regions
    • Power Point Market Data Figures (Global Market Forecast)

List of Tables

  • 1.1.1. HB-LED Global Consumption Market Forecast, By Region (Value Basis, $Billion)
  • 1.1.2. HB-LED Global Consumption Market Forecast, By Application (Value Basis, $Billion)
  • 1.1.3. HB-LED Global Consumption Market Forecast, By Color (Value Basis, $Billion)
  • 1.1.4. HB-LED Global Consumption Market Forecast, By Color & Lumen/Watt (Value Basis, $Billion)
  • 1.1.5. HB-LED Global Consumption Market Forecast, By Color & Lumens (Quantity Basis, Billion)
  • 1.1.6. HB-LED Global Consumption Market Forecast, By Color & Lumens (Average Selling Price, US$)
  • 1.1.7. Typical Luminous Efficacies for Traditional and LED Sources
  • 1.1.8. Current Members of NGLIA (as of January 2012)
  • 1.1.9. Latin American Demographic Trends
  • 1.1.10. List of ELCOMA Members
  • 2.1. HB-LED Global Consumption Market Forecast, By Color and lm/W (Value Basis, $Billion)
  • 2.2. HB-LED America Consumption Market Forecast, By Color and lm/W (Value Basis, $Billion)
  • 2.3. HB-LED EMEA Consumption Market Forecast, By Color and lm/W (Value Basis, $Billion)
  • 2.4. HB-LED APAC Consumption Market Forecast, By Color and lm/W (Value Basis, $Billion)
  • 2.5. Multi-Color Multichip: HB-LED Global Consumption Market Forecast, By Region (Value, $Billion)
  • 2.6. Red, Orange or Yellow: HB-LED Global Forecast, By Region (Value Basis, $Billion)
  • 2.7. Blue, Green UV or Other Color: HB-LED Global Forecast, By Region (Value Basis, $Billion)
  • 2.8. White: HB-LED Global Consumption Market Forecast, By Region (Value Basis, $Billion)
  • 2.9. Multi-Color Multichip: HB-LED Global Forecast, By Application (Value Basis, $Billion)
  • 2.10. Multi-Color Multichip: HB-LED America Forecast, By Application (Value Basis, $Billion)
  • 2.11. Multi-Color Multichip: HB-LED EMEA Forecast, By Application (Value Basis, $Billion)
  • 2.12. Multi-Color Multichip: HB-LED APAC Forecast, By Application (Value Basis, $Billion)
  • 2.13. Red, Orange and Yellow: HB-LED Global Forecast, By Application (Value Basis, $Billion)
  • 2.14. Red, Orange and Yellow: HB-LED America Forecast, By Application (Value Basis, $Billion)
  • 2.15. Red, Orange and Yellow: HB-LED EMEA Forecast, By Application (Value Basis, $Billion)
  • 2.16. Red, Orange and Yellow: HB-LED APAC Forecast, By Application (Value Basis, $Billion)
  • 2.17. Blue, Green, UV & Other Colors: HB-LED Global Forecast, By Application (Value Basis, $Billion)
  • 2.18. Blue, Green, UV & Other Colors: HB-LED America Forecast, By Application (Value Basis, $Billion)
  • 2.19. Blue, Green, UV & Other Colors: HB-LED APAC Forecast, By Application (Value Basis, $Billion)
  • 2.20. Blue, Green, UV & Other Colors: HB-LED EMEA Forecast, By Application (Value Basis, $Billion)
  • 2.21. White HB-LED Global Consumption Market Forecast, By Application (Value Basis, $Billion)
  • 2.22. White HB-LED America Consumption Market Forecast, By Application (Value Basis, $Billion)
  • 2.23. White HB-LED EMEA Consumption Market Forecast, By Application (Value Basis, $Billion)
  • 2.24. White HB-LED APAC Consumption Market Forecast, By Application (Value Basis, $Billion)
  • 3.1.1. HB-LED Global Consumption Market Forecast, By Application (Value Basis, $Billion)
  • 3.2.1. HB-LED Used in Mobile/Portable Devices Global Forecast, By Region (Value Basis, $Billion)
  • 3.2.2. HB-LED Used in Mobile/Portable Devices Global Forecast, By Region (Quantity, Billion/Units)
  • 3.2.3. HB-LED Used in Mobile/Portable Devices Global Forecast, By Color and Lumen/Watt ($Billion)
  • 3.2.4. HB-LED Used in Mobile/Portable Devices America Forecast, By Color and Lumen/Watt ($Billion)
  • 3.2.5. HB-LED Used in Mobile/Portable Devices EMEA Forecast, By Color and Lumen/Watt ($Billion)
  • 3.2.6. HB-LED Used in Mobile/Portable Devices APAC Forecast, By Color and Lumen/Watt ($Billion)
  • 3.3.1. Consumer-Based Comparison - LED Displays vs. Incandescent Signs
  • 3.3.2. HB-LED Used in Signage/Professional Displays Global Forecast, By Region (Value, $Billion)
  • 3.3.3. HB-LED Used in Signage/Professional Displays Global Forecast, By Region (Billion/Units)
  • 3.3.4. HB-LED Used in Signage/Professional Displays Global Forecast, By Color and lm/W ($Billion)
  • 3.3.5. HB-LED Used in Signage/Professional Displays America Forecast, By Color, lm/W ($Billion)
  • 3.3.6. HB-LED Used in Signage/Professional Displays EMEA Forecast, By Color and m/W ($Billion)
  • 3.3.7. HB-LED Used in Signage/Professional Displays APAC Forecast, By Color and m/W ($Billion)
  • 3.4.1. Calculation of the Cost of Manufacturing Facility Downtime
  • 3.4.2. Comparison of Lighting Technologies
  • 3.4.3. PAR Lamp Designation and Nominal Diameter
  • 3.4.4. HB-LED Used in SSL/General Lighting Global Forecast, By Region (Value Basis, $Billion)
  • 3.4.5. HB-LED Used in SSL/General Lighting Global Forecast, By Region (Quantity Basis, Billion/Units)
  • 3.4.6. HB-LED Used in SSL/General Lighting Global Forecast, By Color and Lumen/Watt ($Billion)
  • 3.4.7. HB-LED Used in SSL/General Lighting America Forecast, By Color and Lumen/Watt ($Billion)
  • 3.4.8. HB-LED Used in SSL/General Lighting EMEA Forecast, By Color and Lumen/Watt ($Billion)
  • 3.4.9. HB-LED Used in SSL/General Lighting APAC Forecast, By Color and Lumen/Watt ($Billion)
  • 3.5.1. HB-LED Used in Signals Global Forecast, By Region (Value Basis, $Billion)
  • 3.5.2. HB-LED Used in Signals Global Forecast, By Region (Quantity Basis, Billion/Units)
  • 3.5.3. HB-LED Used in Signals Global Forecast, By Color and Lumen/Watt ($Billion)
  • 3.5.4. HB-LED Used in Signals America Forecast, By Color and Lumen/Watt ($Billion)
  • 3.5.5. HB-LED Used in Signals EMEA Forecast, By Color and Lumen/Watt ($Billion)
  • 3.5.6. HB-LED Used in Signals APAC Forecast, By Color and Lumen/Watt ($Billion)
  • 3.6.1. HB-LED Used in Automotive/Vehicle Global Forecast, By Region (Value Basis, $Billion)
  • 3.6.2. HB-LED Used in Automotive/Vehicle Global Forecast, By Region (Quantity Basis, Billion/Units)
  • 3.6.3. HB-LED Used in Automotive/Vehicle Global Forecast, By Color and Lumen/Watt ($Billion)
  • 3.6.4. HB-LED Used in Automotive/Vehicle America Forecast, By Color and Lumen/Watt ($Billion)
  • 3.6.5. HB-LED Used in Automotive/Vehicle EMEA Forecast, By Color and Lumen/Watt. ($Billion)
  • 3.6.6. HB-LED Used in Automotive/Vehicle APAC Forecast, By Color and Lumen/Watt. ($Billion)
  • 3.7.1. HB-LED Used in Consumer TV/Monitor Global Forecast, By Region (Value Basis, $Billion)
  • 3.7.2. HB-LED Used in Consumer TV/Monitor Global Forecast, By Region (Quantity Basis, Billion/Units)
  • 3.7.3. HB-LED Used in Consumer TV/Monitor Global Forecast, By Color and Lumen/Watt ($Billion)
  • 3.7.4. HB-LED Used in Consumer TV/Monitor America Forecast, By Color and Lumen/Watt ($Billion)
  • 3.7.5. HB-LED Used in Consumer TV/Monitor EMEA Forecast, By Color and Lumen/Watt ($Billion)
  • 3.7.6. HB-LED Used in Consumer TV/Monitor APAC Forecast, By Color and Lumen/Watt ($Billion)
  • 3.8.1. HB-LED Used in Other/Miscellaneous Global Forecast, By Region (Value Basis, $Billion)
  • 3.8.2. HB-LED Used in Other/Miscellaneous Global Forecast, By Region (Quantity Basis, Billion/Units)
  • 3.8.3. HB-LED Used in Other/Miscellaneous Global Forecast, By Color and Lumen/Watt ($Billion)
  • 3.8.4. HB-LED Used in Other/Miscellaneous America Forecast, By Color and Lumen/Watt ($Billion)
  • 3.8.5. HB-LED Used in Other/Miscellaneous EMEA Forecast, By Color and Lumen/Watt ($Billion)
  • 3.8.6. HB-LED Used in Other/Miscellaneous APAC Forecast, By Color and Lumen/Watt ($Billion)
  • 4.1. LED Color Variety - Selected Examples
  • 4.2. LED Color Chart
  • 8.1.1. ElectroniCast Market Forecast Data Base: LED Category Hierarchy List
  • 8.2.1. ElectroniCast Market Forecast Database Application Category Hierarchy List

List of Figures

  • 1.1.1. HB-LED Global Consumption Market Share (%) Forecast, By Region (Value Basis, $Million)
  • 1.1.2. HB-LED Global Consumption Market Forecast, By Application (Value Basis, $Million)
  • 1.1.3. HB-LED Global Consumption Market Forecast, By Color (Value Basis, $Million)
  • 1.1.4. Single-die LED: 1000 lm at 100 lm/W at 3A
  • 1.1.5. Example of LED Packaged Chip (Component-Level) Bulb
  • 1.1.6. Example of LED Packaged Chip (Component-Level) Bulb
  • 1.1.7. Example of LED Packaged Chip (Component-Level Bulb) Surface Mount Variations
  • 1.1.8. Example of LED Packaged Chip: Flux (Component-Level Bulb)
  • 1.1.9. Example of High Brightness LED Packaged Chip (Component-Bulb)
  • 1.1.10. Campus at Night with LED Lighting
  • 1.1.11. LED-Based Street Lights for Use in Central America
  • 1.1.12. LED-Based Street Lamps in Brazil
  • 1.1.13. LED-Based Tunnel Lamps Used in Mexico
  • 1.1.14. LED-Based Street Lighting in the United Kingdom
  • 1.1.15. LED Lighting Martin Place (Sydney Australia)
  • 1.1.16. Tunnel Lighting (China)
  • 1.1.17. Solar/Wind LED Street Lighting (China)
  • 1.1.18. Solar LED Street Lighting (Okinawa)
  • 1.1.19. LED-Based Street Lamp Used With Solar Panel in India
  • 1.1.20. LED-Based Street Lamps for the market in India
  • 1.1.21. Architectural Monument Lighting in India using LEDs
  • 1.2.1. Diagram of a Typical LED Chip
  • 1.2.2. Diagram of a Typical LED Chip
  • 1.2.3. LED Chip Cross-Sectional Structure
  • 1.2.4. ESD Protection Diodes
  • 1.2.5. Electrostatic Discharge Example
  • 2.1. HB-LED Global Consumption Market Forecast, By Color (Value Basis, $Million)
  • 2.2. Improvement of Efficacy of Warm-White Light
  • 3.1.1. World Map - Cooperation on Reducing GHG Emissions
  • 3.1.2. HB-LED Global Consumption Market Forecast, By Application (Value Basis, $Million)
  • 3.1.3. SMD LED: Ultra Compact Size
  • 3.1.4. 18-LEDs on a Tower Type Bulb
  • 3.1.5. Diagram: LED Driver with Dynamic Headroom Control
  • 3.2.1. Portable Device: LED-Backlit IPS Display
  • 3.2.2. Projection LED in Surface Mount Technology (SMT)
  • 3.3.1. Sub SMT Full-Color Indoor LED Display
  • 3.3.2. LED Display at the Olympics in Beijing
  • 3.3.3. Indoor LED Sign [LED Sign Moving Message Display]
  • 3.3.4. Outdoors High Brightness LED Display Board
  • 3.3.5. Transformable LED Display Screen
  • 3.3.6. Channel Lettering LED Back-Lit Signage
  • 3.3.7. LED Back-Lit Signage
  • 3.3.8. LED Displays for Airports
  • 3.3.9. Outdoors Roadside Billboard LED Displays
  • 3.3.10. USA Map/Location of LED-based Digital Billboards
  • 3.3.11. LED-Based Traffic Information Board in China
  • 3.3.12. LED-Based Information Sign for Rapid Transit
  • 3.3.13. LED Flexible Displays: Curtain/Drapery Walls
  • 3.3.14. Illuminating Signs - LED Lighting Technology
  • 3.3.15. Neon Sign Technology and LED Channel Letters (Signage)
  • 3.3.16. LED Tube Light for Backlighting Signs (Street Signs)
  • 3.3.17. LED Refrigerated Display Case
  • 3.3.18. Comparison Table: Highly Reliable Dies versus Conventional
  • 3.3.19. LED Numerical Displays
  • 3.3.20. LED-Based Professional LCD Display
  • 3.3.21. LED-Based Professional LCD Display
  • 3.4.1. LED-Based Operating Theater Lighting
  • 3.4.2. LED-Based Operating Theater Lighting
  • 3.4.3. LED-Based Operating Theater Lighting with R9 Red Color
  • 3.4.4. LED-Based Airfield Runway Edge Lighting
  • 3.4.5. Solar Powered Airfield Light
  • 3.4.6. LED-Based Lighting: Starbucks
  • 3.4.7. Giordano Retail Outlets
  • 3.4.8. LED Technology for Stage Lighting
  • 3.4.9. Entertainment & Architectural Lighting: Multiple Colors LED in a Surface-Mount (SMT) Package
  • 3.4.10. Color Mixer Reflector for LED Technology Lighting
  • 3.4.11. LED Technology for Under-Cabinet Lighting
  • 3.4.12. Production-Lighting: Small Rectangle LED Light Fixture
  • 3.4.13. Production Lighting: 8.3-inch LED Circular Spot
  • 3.4.14. Production Lighting: 14x14-inch LED Light Panel
  • 3.4.15. Production Lighting: LED Circular Fresnel Spot Fixtures
  • 3.4.16. 48-inch Fluorescent Replacement Style LED Light Fixture
  • 3.4.17. DIP T8 - Linear Tube Lamps With Plastic End-Caps
  • 3.4.18. DIP-Type LED Linear Tube Lamps with Plastic End-Caps 600mm (60cm) in Length
  • 3.4.19. DIP-Type LED Linear Tube Lamps with Metal End-Caps 1200mm (120cm) in Length
  • 3.4.20. SMD-Type LED Linear Tube Lamps with Metal End-Caps
  • 3.4.21. SMD-Type High-Output LED Linear Tube Lamps with Plastic End-Caps 1200mm in Length
  • 3.4.22. Solar-Powered LED Lighting
  • 3.4.23. LED Lighting at Zurich's Hardbrucke
  • 3.4.24. LED Lamps Installed in Parking Lot
  • 3.4.25. LED Streetlights
  • 3.4.26. A19 Bulbs (Consumer-Level Bulb/LED LAMP)
  • 3.4.27. LED-Based PAR 30 Lamp
  • 3.4.28. LED-Based PAR 30 Lamp
  • 3.4.29. General Service LED-based Lamp (A-Style Bulb Category)
  • 3.4.30. 9W MR16 LED Replacement Lamp
  • 3.4.31. Complete Fixture and Replacement Bulb Streetlight (Lamp)
  • 3.4.32. Samples of Lighting Fixture Types 3-13
  • 3.5.1. LED Traffic Lighting Retrofit
  • 3.5.2. Snow Scoop Tunnel Visor for LED-Based Traffic Light
  • 3.5.3. Obstruction Bulbs (Lamps) - Flashing - 138 red or amber LEDs
  • 3.6.1. LED Lighting in Automobiles
  • 3.6.2. Automotive LED Headlights
  • 3.6.3. Automotive LED Headlights
  • 3.6.4. Automotive LED Headlights
  • 3.6.5. Public Transit Bus: LED Stairwell Light
  • 3.6.6.a. Assorted LED Lighting Profile Devices
  • 3.6.6.b. Assorted LED Lighting Profile Devices
  • 3.6.6.c. Assorted LED Lighting Profile Devices
  • 3.6.6.d. Assorted LED Lighting Profile Devices
  • 3.6.7. Federal Lighting Location Requirements for Buses
  • 3.6.8. Fully illuminated Rail Car LED Reading and Down Lights
  • 3.6.9. Hybrid Electric Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Style 42-foot Buses
  • 3.6.10. Bus with LED-Based Destination Signage
  • 3.6.11. FBCB2 Computer and Display in Military Vehicle
  • 3.6.12. Rotary Wing Aircraft Cockpit LED-Based Display
  • 3.6.13. NVIS-Friendly Exterior Aircraft LED Lighting
  • 3.6.14. HMS Queen Elizabeth and HMS Prince of Wales
  • 3.6.15. LED-Base Wave-Off Light System for Aircraft Carriers
  • 3.6.16. Military Helicopter Visual LED-Based Approach System
  • 3.7.1. Micro-lens White LED Light guides for LCD Display
  • 3.7.2. Diagram: Application Circuit for LED-TV Integrated Circuit Operation
  • 3.8.1. UV LED-based Portable Fluorescent Forgery Detectors
  • 3.8.2. Automated Flying-Insect Detection System (AFIDS)
  • 3.8.3. Non-invasively tracks the direction of a person's gaze in real time
  • 3.8.4. FLIPPER - light-emitting diode excites fluorescence in the sample flow cell
  • 3.8.5. Nano-sized "carbon dots" glow brightly when exposed to light
  • 3.8.6. Variable wavelength HPLC/CE detector
  • 3.8.7. Light Doses Range in LED Photo-therapy
  • 3.8.8. Therapeutic Visible Light Spectrum
  • 3.8.9. Skin treatment therapies Utilizing LED Photo-modulation
  • 3.8.10. Blue LED Arrays
  • 3.8.11. Photodynamic Therapy (PDT), Apparatuses Containing Arrays of LEDs
  • 3.8.12. LEDs - Different Colors for Fluorescence Microscopy Applications
  • 3.8.13. (Theodolite) Ring Light
  • 4.1. LED Chromatic Chart
  • 4.2. Evolution of Research Emphasis During Technology Life Cycle
  • 4.3. LED Chip: Metal Layer (Thin Film Technology)
  • 4.4. Vertical LED Chip
  • 4.5. AC LED Technology on a Wafer
  • 4.6. Ultra High Bright LED Chip
  • 4.7. Ultra-Thin LED
  • 4.8. Solid-State Lighting LED
  • 4.9. LED Module with High Light Quality
  • 4.10. Transparent and flexible inorganic, organic hybrid n-type: Thin Film Transistors (TFTs)
  • 4.11. Lumiramic Phosphor Technology: Thin Film Flip Chip (TFFC) technology
  • 4.12. Wire-to-Board LED Connector
  • 4.13. Next-Generation Light Emitting Diode Module
  • 4.14. 4-Leaded RGB LED
  • 4.15. Vertically Conducting Advanced LED Structure
  • 4.16. AlGaInP LED Efficacy
  • 5.1. PCB Assembly 5-2
  • 5.2. LED Backlit Display
  • 5.3. Rugged Touch Screen with NVIS Capability
  • 5.4. LED Down light with 102 Lumens per Watt Fixture
  • 5.5. LED Lighting Military Solutions
  • 5.6. LED Lighting in Railway Station
  • 5.7. LED Technology Safelight Design
  • 5.8. LED Lighting (water flow stream)
  • 5.9. NVIS/LED Control Panel
  • 5.10. Integrated Weapons Delivery System
  • 5.11. Cockpit Modular Display/Panel
  • 5.12. Cockpit Large Area Display
  • 5.13. Traffic Lamp LED
  • 5.14. High Power LED Lamp
  • 5.15. Surface Mount Type LED
  • 5.16. Surface Mount Type LED
  • 5.17. Exterior Aircraft LED Lighting
  • 5.18. LED/CCD Barcode Readers
  • 5.19. Surface-Mount Multi-layer Ceramic Packages
  • 5.20. LED Linear Optical Array
  • 5.21. Solid-State NVIS Lamps
  • 5.22. LED Escalator Light
  • 5.23. Nanostructures Designed for Different Color Emission
  • 5.24. LED Array Lighting - Lamp
  • 5.25. Light-Measurement Device
  • 5.26. SSL LED: Replacement for Halogen Lamp in Spotlights
  • 5.27. LED-Based Digital Billboard (Signage/Display)
  • 5.28. Diagram of Backlight LED Drivers
  • 5.29. Diagram of Multifunction Backlight LED Drivers
  • 5.30. Diagram of White Backlight LED Drivers
  • 5.31. Diagram White Backlight LED Drivers
  • 5.32. Rotary Wing Aircraft Cockpit Display
  • 5.33. Ultra-Thin LED
  • 5.34. Quality Management System in LED Manufacturing
  • 5.35. Military and Harsh-Environment LEDs
  • 5.36. LED-Based Marine Biology Lighting Device
  • 6.1. ElectroniCast Market Research & Forecasting Methodology
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