表紙
市場調査レポート

船舶運航費用の年次報告・予測

Ship Operating Costs Annual Review and Forecast 2013/14

発行 Drewry Shipping Consultants Limited 商品コード 303639
出版日 ページ情報 英文
納期: 即日から翌営業日
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本日の銀行送金レート: 1USD=105.69円で換算しております。
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船舶運航費用の年次報告・予測 Ship Operating Costs Annual Review and Forecast 2013/14
出版日: 2013年12月01日 ページ情報: 英文
概要

当レポートでは、船舶運航費用および予算の詳細について30種を超えるタイプや規模に渡って調査し、各種課題および動向も盛り込み、まとめています。

第1章 エグゼクティブサマリー

  • 概要
  • 主要コスト

第2章 主な費用:課題と動向

  • 人員配置
    • 概要
    • 人員配置のコストと予算
    • 産業賃金率
    • ITF/TCC賃金スケール
    • 人員配置予算
    • 人員配置に関する考察
    • 安全な運航
    • 乗船員
    • その他の課題
    • ILO Maritime Labour Convention 2006
    • 基本的権利と原則
    • 乗船員の雇用と社会的権利
    • STCW改正
    • 人員削減とオフィサーの不足
    • スキルとトレーニング
    • 船上生活環境
    • 乗船員の犯罪
    • 為替相場
  • 保険
    • 概要
    • H&M保険
    • P&I保険
    • 休航戻し
    • 再保険プール
    • 超過損害再保険レート
    • 将来の展望
    • FDD(紛争処理費用及び損失)保険
    • 戦争リスク
    • ストライキ保険
    • その他
  • 修繕維持
    • 概要
    • 需要ファクター
    • 供給ファクター
    • 船舶修繕市場のコストの影響
    • 鉄鋼・鉄鋼製品価格
    • 塗料・被覆剤
    • 船舶市場の見通し
    • 価格動向と見通し
  • 潤滑油と貯蔵
    • シリンダー油と排出規制海域(ECA)
    • 動向と見通し
  • マネジメント&アドミニストレーション
    • 船舶管理の課題と発展
    • キプロスの金融危機
    • 分類
    • 燃料効率
    • 法規制の発展

第3章 船舶タイプ別費用

  • ケミカルタンカー
  • コンテナ船
  • ドライバルク船(ばら積み船)
  • ガス運搬船
  • オイルタンカー
  • その他

第4章 運航費用の構成要素

  • イントロダクション
  • 人材配置
    • 人員配置に関する考察
    • 雇用条件
    • 人件費
    • 直接費
    • 賃金
    • 交通費
    • 船用食品
    • トレーニングの課題と考察
    • 組合費用
    • 間接費
    • 為替変動・インフレ
    • サンプル賃金
    • IBFモデル契約
    • ILO Maritime Labour Convention 2006
    • STCW改正
    • 重量税
  • 保険
    • 課題と懸念
    • H&M保険
    • 船舶価額
    • P&I保険
    • FDD
    • 戦争保険
    • 海賊
  • 修繕・保守
    • 修繕需要の影響
    • 船上定期保守
    • 海難事故
    • 休航(準備と再開)
    • 船舶修繕市場 - 需要の影響、など
  • 潤滑油と貯蔵
    • 購買と供給
    • 市場の性質、など
  • マネジメント&アドミニストレーション
    • マネジメントと戦略
    • リスク管理
    • 関連課題
    • 商船マネジメント、など

付録

目次

Drewry's latest Ship Operating Costs report shows that costs remain under pressure from weak freight markets and poor vessel earnings.

The report contains vessel specific operating costs and budgets for over 30 different vessel types and sizes with supporting analysis on:

  • Manning and operating costs
  • Insurance figures including H&M and P&I
  • Repairs and maintenance & stores and lubes
  • Fleet management and administration

This report also includes a supplementary guide on the components of operating costs.

This guide is aimed at those who may not be directly involved in maritime operations but need an insight into what is behind the cost base of operating vessels in today's legal, economic and commercial environments. It provides a useful background so that users can better understand the main Ship Operating Costs report.

Table of Contents

Introduction

1. Executive summary

  • General overview
  • The main cost heads

2. Principal costs - issues and trends

  • 2.1. Manning
    • Overview
    • Manning costs & budgets
    • Industry wage rates
    • ITF/TCC wage scales
    • Manning budgets
    • Manning considerations
    • Safe operation
    • Onboard manning numbers
    • Manning - Other issues
    • ILO Maritime Labour Convention 2006
    • Fundamental rights and principles
    • Seafarer employment and social rights
    • STCW revision
    • Attrition and Officer shortages
    • Skills and training
    • On board living conditions
    • Criminalisation of Seafarers
    • Exchange rates
  • 2.2. Insurance
    • Overview
    • Hull & Machinery (H&M)
    • Protection and Indemnity (P&I)
    • Lay-up returns
    • Reinsurance and the pool
    • Excess loss reinsurance rates
    • Looking forward:
    • Freight Demurrage and Defence (FDD)
    • War risk
    • Strikes insurance
    • Other developments
  • 2.3. Repairs and maintenance
    • Overview
    • Demand factors
    • Supply factors
    • Shiprepair market cost influences
    • Steel and steelwork prices
    • Paints and coatings
    • Shipping market outlook
    • Price trends and prospects
  • 2.4. Stores and lubes
    • Cylinder oils and Emission Control Areas (ECAs)
    • Price trends and prospects
  • 2.5. Management and administration
    • Shipmanagement issues and developments
    • Financial crisis in Cyprus
    • Classification
    • Fuel efficiency
    • Regulatory developments

3. Cost by ship types

  • 3.1. Chemical tankers
  • 3.2. Containers
  • 3.3. Dry bulk carriers
  • 3.4. Gas carriers
  • 3.5. Oil tankers
  • 3.6. Other vessels

4. Components of operating costs

  • Introduction
  • 4.1. Manning
    • Manning considerations
    • Conditions of employment
    • Manning costs
    • Direct costs
    • Wage costs
    • Travel costs
    • Onboard victualling
    • Training Issue / Consideration
    • Union fees (if appropriate)
    • Indirect budget costs
    • Exchange rate fluctuations and inflation
    • Sample wage costs
    • IBF Model Agreement
    • ILO Maritime Labour Convention 2006
    • STCW revision
    • Tonnage tax
  • 4.2. Insurance
    • Issues and concerns
    • Hull and Machinery (H&M) insurance
    • Vessel values
    • Protection and Indemnity (P&I) cover
    • Freight Demurrage and Defence (FDD)
    • War risk insurance
    • Piracy
  • 4.3. Repairs & Maintenance
    • Repair work demand influences
    • Routine onboard maintenance
    • Casualties and accidents
    • Lay up - preparation and reactivation
    • Shiprepair market - demand influences
    • Fleet developments
    • Shiprepair market - supply influences
    • Shiprepair market - cost influences
    • Implications for steelwork pricing
    • Other factors
    • Tariffs and pricing
    • Diversion and opportunity cost
    • Currency influences
    • Accounting treatment
  • 4.4. Stores and Lubes
    • Marine purchasing and ship supply
    • The nature of the market
    • Process and procedures: purchasing or procurement?
    • Main budget items
    • Lubes
    • Lube market price drivers
    • Crude oil prices
    • Other factors
    • Paints, coatings and anti-foulings
  • 4.5. Management & administration
    • Management and strategy
    • Risk management
    • Related issues
    • Commercial shipmanagement
    • Pools and consortia
    • The forward markets
    • Chartering considerations
    • Technical ship management
    • Regulatory issues ... old and new
    • Self-protection
    • Ship registry
    • Administration

Appendices

  • Manning costs 2008-2013
  • Insurance costs 2008-2013
  • Stores costs 2008-2013
  • Spares costs 2008-2013
  • Lubes costs 2008-2013
  • Repairs & Maintenance costs 2008-2013
  • Dry Docking costs 2008-2013
  • Total costs 2008-2013
  • Total operating costs 2008-2018

Tables

  • Drewry operating costs - Definition of main cost heads and principal components
  • Drewry ship types and sizes
  • World cargo carrying fleet: November 2013
  • Total operating costs - 2012 & 2013
  • Total operating costs - 2008-2013
  • Daily operating cost 2013
  • Total operating costs
  • ITF uniform “TCC” collective agreements 2012 and 2013
  • Indicative dry cargo vessel wage rates for selected countries: 2013
  • Indicative tanker wage rates for selected countries: 2013
  • Indicative Officer wage rates
  • ITF Uniform "TCC" collective agreement budget: 2013
  • Main terms and conditions of service
  • Changes in on-board numbers
  • Local currencies per US$
  • Indicative Lloyd's Marine results
  • Amlin Marine hull renewal rating indices
  • Cefor - Changes in insured values and deductibles
  • IG clubs' standard surcharge performance
  • Supplementary call original projections vs actual
  • P&I release calls
  • IG clubs' performance and free reserves
  • Average expense ratios
  • Reported lay up returns policy
  • IG Pool incurred claims based upon historical thresholds
  • Claims on the International Group Pool, 20 Feb 2012-20 Jan 2013
  • Excess loss reinsurance rates
  • FDD general increases
  • JWC hull War, strikes, terrorism and related perils - listed areas
  • Non IG Market Development 2007-2012
  • Chemical tankers - total operating costs 2008-2013
  • Chemical tankers - operating costs by main expense head
  • Chemical tankers - indicative 2013 operating costs
  • Chemical tankers - indicative dry docking expenditure
  • Chemical tanker: 18-20,000 dwt manning budget 2013
  • Chemical tanker terms and conditions
  • Container vessels - total operating costs 2008-2013
  • Container vessels - operating costs by main expense head
  • Container vessels - indicative 2013 operating costs
  • Container vessels - indicative dry docking expenditure
  • Containership 8-9,000 teu manning budget 2013
  • Container ship terms and conditions
  • Dry bulk carriers - total operating costs 2008-2013
  • Dry bulk carriers - operating costs by main expense head
  • Dry bulk carriers - indicative 2013 operating costs
  • Dry bulk carriers - indicative dry docking expenditure
  • Panamax bulk carrier manning budget 2013
  • Panamax bulk carrier terms and conditions
  • Gas carriers - total operating costs 2008-2013
  • Gas carriers - operating costs by main expense head
  • LNG/LPG carriers - indicative 2013 operating costs
  • Gas carriers - indicative dry docking expenditure
  • LNG carrier manning budget 2013
  • LNG carrier terms and conditions
  • Oil tankers - total operating costs 2008-2013
  • Oil tanker - operating costs by main expense head
  • Oil tankers - indicative 2013 operating costs
  • Oil tankers - indicative dry docking expenditure
  • LR1 product tanker manning budget: 2013
  • Product tanker terms and conditions
  • VLCC tanker manning budget 2013
  • VLCC tanker terms and conditions
  • Other vessels - total operating costs 2008-2013
  • Other vessels - operating costs by main expense head
  • Other vessels - indicative 2013 operating costs
  • Other vessels - indicative dry docking expenditure
  • Reefer manning budget 2013
  • Reefer terms and conditions
  • Ro-Ro manning budget 2013
  • Ro-Ro tanker terms and conditions
  • ITF uniform TCC collective agreement: 2013
  • Selected risk areas in shipping

Figures

  • Total operating costs - % change 2012/2013
  • Main manning cost strands
  • Number of days worked
  • Typical onboard numbers by vessel type
  • Main insurance cost strands
  • Trend in secondhand tanker values
  • Trend in secondhand bulk carrier values
  • Tanker newbuilding prices
  • Bulk carrier newbuilding prices
  • Tanker values - annual average
  • Bulk carrier values - annual average
  • Clubs' combined ratios
  • International Group reinsurance programme for owned entries, 2013-2014
  • Main R&M cost strands
  • Chinese steel prices
  • Estimated representative price ranges for steelwork renewal
  • Main stores and supplies budget elements
  • Indicative crude oil price trends ($ per barrel)
  • Management and administration overview
  • Chemical tankers - average annual % change in operating costs
  • Chemical tanker operating costs, 2013
  • Chemical tanker one year time charter rates
  • Chemical tanker secondhand prices
  • Chemical tanker newbuilding prices
  • Chemical tanker fleet age profile: 1-5,000 dwt
  • Chemical tanker fleet age profile: 5-10,000 dwt
  • Chemical tanker fleet age profile: 10-20,000 dwt
  • Chemical tanker fleet age profile: 20-30,000 dwt
  • Chemical tanker fleet age profile: 30-40,000 dwt
  • Chemical tanker fleet age profile: 40,000+ dwt
  • Container vessels - average annual % change in operating costs
  • Container operating costs, 2013
  • Container time charter rates
  • Container secondhand prices
  • Container newbuilding prices
  • Container fleet age profile: Feeder
  • Container fleet age profile: Handysize
  • Container fleet age profile: Intermediate
  • Container fleet age profile: Panamax
  • Container fleet age profile: Post Panamax
  • Container fleet age profile: Large
  • Dry bulk carriers - average annual % change in operating costs
  • Dry bulk operating costs, 2013
  • Dry bulk one year time charter rates
  • Dry bulk secondhand prices
  • Dry bulk newbuilding prices
  • Dry bulk fleet age profile: Handysize
  • Dry bulk fleet age profile: Handymax
  • Dry bulk fleet age profile: Panamax
  • Dry bulk fleet age profile: Post Panamax
  • Dry bulk fleet age profile: Capesize
  • Dry bulk fleet age profile: VLOC
  • Gas carriers - average annual % change in operating costs
  • Gas operating costs, 2013
  • LPG carrier one year time charter rates
  • LPG carrier secondhand prices
  • LPG carrier newbuilding prices
  • LPG carrier fleet age profile: 1-5,000 cbm
  • LPG carrier fleet age profile: 5-12,000 cbm
  • LPG carrier fleet age profile: 12-25,000 cbm
  • LPG carrier fleet age profile: 25-50,000 cbm
  • LPG carrier fleet age profile: 50-70,000 cbm
  • LPG carrier fleet age profile: 70,000+ cbm
  • Oil tankers - average annual % change in operating costs
  • Oil tanker operating costs, 2013
  • Oil tanker one year time charter rates
  • Oil tanker secondhand prices
  • Oil tanker newbuilding prices
  • Tanker fleet age profile: MR1
  • Tanker fleet age profile: LR2
  • Tanker fleet age profile: Aframax
  • Tanker fleet age profile: Suezmax
  • Tanker fleet age profile: VLCC
  • Other vessels - average annual % change in operating costs
  • Other vessels operating costs, 2013
  • Multipurpose timecharter rates
  • Multipurpose fleet age profile: 5-10,000 dwt
  • Multipurpose fleet age profile: 15-25,000 dwt
  • Reefer fleet age profile: 5-10,000 dwt
  • Reefer fleet age profile: 10-15,000 dwt
  • Main manning cost strands
  • Main insurance cost strands
  • Main R&M cost strands
  • Main stores and supplies budget elements
  • Management and administration overview
  • Administrative functions and cost areas
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