Global Gum Arabic Market - 2020-2027
発行: DataM Intelligence
ページ情報: 英文 180 Pages
Gum Arabic, also known as acacia gum, Senegal gum, and Indian gum is a natural emulsifier made from the hardened sap of two acacia species (Senegalia Senegal (Acacia) and Vachellia (Acacia) seyal). Acacia trees can be found on Africa's west coast and the Indian subcontinent. Food and beverage, pharmaceuticals, textiles, inks, paper, ceramics, and paints are some of the end use industries where gum arabic is used as an emulsifier. Local farmers mainly grow gum arabic in the Sub-Saharan coastal belt. Despite being discovered and named in Senegal, the trees are also farmed in Somalia and Sudan for the production of gum arabic. Sudan is the world's largest producer of gum arabic, which is usually exported to Europe for treatment, refining, and distribution to other parts of the world. Other gum arabic producing countries are Chad, Nigeria, Tanzania, Mali and Mauritania. The global Arabic gum consumption is estimated at nearly 60,000 tons in 2019. Sudan, Chad and Nigeria accounted for most of the global unprocessed Arabic gum, while France accounted for major share in export of processed Arabic gum
Increasing demand from various end-use industries
In the food and beverage industry, gum arabic is commonly used as an emulsifier. It is one of the key ingredients in soft drinks syrups like Coca-Cola and Pepsi. Gum arabic ensures even sugar distribution in the liquid and helps prevent crystal precipitation at the bottom. Gum arabic is also used in a variety of pharmaceutical formulations to keep the ingredients in the drug together. It has therapeutic properties and, since it is high in dietary fiber, can be eaten with water to treat stomach problems. It can be used as a laxative and can help patients lower their cholesterol levels. Gum arabic is also used in conventional lithography and printing techniques. It is used in newspaper printing because it gives the ink adhesion properties that help the print last longer. Because of its tacky properties, gum arabic is used in book binding, photo printing, and paints for textiles and art.
Political instability in Somalia and Sudan, has resulted in a loss of customers, as businesses hesitate to align themselves with such societies. Factors such as climatic changes caused by global warming and overexploitation of acacia tree plantations are expected to hamper the gum arabic market. Moreover, chemical companies have also produced a range of synthetic alternatives for emulsification applications. While they cannot equal gum arabic's superior emulsifying capabilities, these replacements can be produced safely as per market demand.
Acacia Senegal segment is expected to hold highest market share
The gum arabic market, based on type, is segmented into Acacia Senegal and Acacia Seyal. Acacia Senegal segment is expected to grow with a CAGR of XX% during the forecast period. Acacia Senegal is native to Sudan and cultivated over considerable for acacia gum. These trees are also grown in parts of Oman and India. Regardless of climatic conditions or soil texture, Acacia Senegal trees are known to grow in all seasons. They are drought-tolerant, making them suitable for cultivation in arid climates. When these trees are unhealthy, they produce the greatest amount of high-quality gum acacia. In some parts of the world, this form of gum is used for medicine and essential oils, as well as timber and fuelwood, as a soil improver, for intercropping, and as an ornamental tree.
Acacia Seyal is projected to grow with highest CAGR of XX% during the forecast period. The Nile region is home to this tree, which can be found in many parts of Africa. The variant can withstand salts, high pH, and floods, and its average molecular mass of gum is higher than that of acacia Senegal. The gum produced by these trees is much darker than that produced by the Senegal varieties, and it has poor functional properties. However, Acacia Seyal is fast gaining prominence as it is relatively cheaper.
Mentioned in Indian food and pharmacopeia, high consumption in India made Asia Pacific as the largest market
Asia Pacific region accounted for the largest share of the global gum arabic market, holding a share of XX% of the total sales revenue in 2019. India evolved as the largest consumer of acacia gum, with large-scale use in food and pharmaceutical industries. Gum arabic produced from Acacia Senegal is considered as the only safe food additive. Thus, the use of acacia gum is likely to grow in-line with the rapidly growing food industry in the region. It is finding application as emulsifiers in the production of wide range of food and beverages. Moreover, the well-established pharmaceutical sector is also boosting the market growth. It is finding application in numerous pharmaceutical formulations and as a result, demand is likely to spur over the coming years.
The market is highly consolidated with top 10 companies holding over 80% of the market share in terms of dollar sales in 2019. Nexira SAS, Alland & Robert, Kerry Group and Agrigum International Limited are some of the key manufacturers of acacia gum globally. Nexira evolved as the world's largest producer of acacia gum with an annual production of . Also, the company is holding a share of nearly 40% in the global Arabic gum market in 2019. The market is turning competitive with new growth venues in wide range of industries. Companies are focusing towards business expansion in to new geographies and also involved in merger and acquisitions to gain extensive distribution network. India market, in particular is witnessing significant activities owing to the largest For instance,
Other key market developments include
COVID-19 Impact: The rise of COVID-19 led to increased demand for acacia gum. The market witnessed supply chain disruptions
The demand for consumer goods had witnessed significant rise during the COVID-19 pandemic owing to the shutdown of food service industry. As acacia gum is widely used in these fast moving food and beverages, the demand has spurred considerably. The sales revenue increased at a faster pace during the pandemic. However, the supply chain disruptions caused due to restrictions on trade has had negatively impact on the market. As the global acacia gum market is largely dependent on imports, the availability of acacia gum as a raw material is severely impacted.