Phosphate is crucial to human beings because of its feature of being
non-renewable and the great importance of phosphate fertilizer in agricultural
production. Thus, phosphorus resources are attracting more and more attention
in the world. In order to protect phosphorus resources, some countries in the
world have restricted the production and export of yellow phosphorus. Still,
some countries are encouraging the production and export of the product, some
even inviting foreigners to explore their domestic phosphorus resources.
Though the production of yellow phosphorus faces overcapacity in the world at
present, it's still uneasy for end users to obtain it. It's more interesting
that it's difficult for some countries to get yellow phosphorus while some
other are involved in anti-dumping cased for the product. Then how is the
global yellow phosphorus industry currently going on earth?
The global consumption of yellow phosphorus is distributed in the major
production countries and major importers. Thermal phosphoric acid still takes
the largest share in the global total consumption of yellow phosphorus, while
phosphorus trichloride is playing a more and more important role. What have
happened in the past few years?
This report answers more than this. What are the differences between major
players in the world? How will the future scenario be in the world and in
different countries? What is the situation of major yellow phosphorus
exporters in the world, such as China, Kazakhstan, Vietnam and the US? How
about the major importers, such as Germany, Japan, Poland, Brazil, India,
Italy and France?
To answer all these questions, CCM has carried out research on the global
yellow phosphorus market, which mainly covers the following aspects:
- Global supply of phosphorus ore in 2013 and how it influences the
production of yellow phosphorus
- Production situation of yellow phosphorus in major countries in 2013 and
forecast on the development in 2014-2018; and related policies and regulations.
- General consumption of yellow phosphorus in the world by major country and
application field in 2013
- Global trade flow of yellow phosphorus and phosphorus ores in 2013
- Global demand for yellow phosphorus in 2014-2018
The global yellow phosphorus production is highly concentrated and
resource-dependent, largely subject to the distribution of phosphorus ore and
electricity. Thus, those producers who don't have their own phosphorus
resources will be less competitive, and that's why production of yellow
phosphorus has been largely transferred to the countries holding phosphorus
resources in the past few years.
In 2013, about XXX% of phosphorus ore was used to produce phosphate fertilizer
and only around XXX% was used to produce yellow phosphorus globally. As a high
energy-consumption industry, the price of yellow phosphorus is influenced by
electricity price. Among various factors influencing the price of yellow
phosphorus, the impact from electricity price accounts for as high as 50%-60%,
while the price of phosphorus ore has little effect.
- Production and supply
In 2013, global yellow phosphorus capacity was concentrated in four countries,
namely, China, the US, Kazakhstan and Vietnam. Each of them has different
characteristics in their yellow phosphorus industry. Production technology for
yellow phosphorus is generally the same in the world-the electric furnace
process. In recent years, wet-process phosphorus acid has drawn more and more
attention because of its low cost, which requires higher-grade phosphorus ore
and advanced purification technique. With the continuous development of
wet-process phosphoric acid, it is estimated that the output of yellow
phosphorus, not needed for producing wet-process phosphoric acid, will drop
slightly in the coming several years.
With sufficient supply of phosphorus ore resources and electric power, China
is superior in producing yellow phosphorus. The total capacity of yellow
phosphorus in China reached XXX t/a in 2013 and its output has been over XXX
tonnes since 2009. Most of the output is retained for domestic use, especially
the downstream industries which have developed so fast in recent years.
Besides, in order to optimize its domestic phosphorus chemical industries, the
Chinese government has gradually restricted the export of yellow phosphorus by
raising the export tariff.
The US is the third largest producer of yellow phosphorus worldwide in 2013,
with a capacity of XXX t/a, and its exported a small quantity of its output to
Brazil in which the US-based Monsanto's subsidiary is located. The US
government has also restricted the domestic production and export of yellow
phosphorus. Now, Monsanto is the only active producer in the country.
As the second largest producer and the largest exporter of yellow phosphorus
worldwide in 2013, Kazakhstan's yellow phosphorus industry develops rapidly.
With self-supplied phosphorus ore and electric power, Kazphosphate LLC is
monopolizing the production of yellow phosphorus and its derivatives in the
Vietnam has largely developed its yellow phosphorus industry and increased its
export in the past few years, but its capacity is still not large enough to
impact the global supply structure.
The global demand for yellow phosphorus comes from five main downstream
products: phosphoric acid, phosphorus trichloride, phosphorus pentoxide,
phosphorus pentasulfide and sodium hypophosphite; about XXX of the total
consumption of yellow phosphorus in 2013 was used for producing phosphoric
In 2013, thermal phosphoric acid and phosphorus trichloride were the top two
consumption fields of yellow phosphorus, accounting for XXX and XXX of its
global total consumption, respectively.
China, the US, Kazakhstan and Poland are the major consumption countries, with
consumption share of about XXX, XXX, XXX and XXX in 2013, respectively.
- Analysis of competitiveness among four major production countries
Based on the Michael Porter diamond model, CCM made a brief analysis of major
suppliers of yellow phosphorus in the world. The conclusions are as follows.
Kazakhstan and Vietnam seem to be more competitive than the other two
countries in yellow phosphorus production. Both of them will play an
increasingly important role, even surpassing China and the US, in global
supply in the future.
A large quantity of the US' phosphorus ore is used to produce high-analysis
fertilizers and feed additives, and the US doesn't pay much attention to its
yellow phosphorus industry.
With the Chinese government's goal to reduce power consumption in production
of yellow phosphorus and increase the product's added value, China's yellow
phosphorus industry is witnessing a focus shift from merely production of
yellow phosphorus to post-processing of the product in the future.
XXX Commercial in Confidence.
Table of Contents
- 1. Overview of phosphorus ore
- 1-1. Reserves and exploitation
- 1-2. Global trade
- 1-3. Policies and regulations
2. Production and supply of yellow phosphorus
- 2-2. China
- 2-2-1. Introduction
- 2-2-2. Production situation
- 2-3. The US
- 2-3-1. Introduction
- 2-3-2. Production situation
- 2-4. Kazakhstan
- 2-4-1. Introduction
- 2-4-2. Production situation
- 2-5. Others
- 2-6. Forecast
3. Demand from end-use market
- 3-1. Overview
- 3-2. Phosphoric acid
- 3-3. Phosphorus trichloride
- 3-4. Phosphorus pentoxide
- 3-5. Phosphorus pentasulfide
- 3-6. Sodium hypophosphite
- 3-7. Others
4. Global trade and flow of yellow phosphorus
- 4-1. Overview
- 4-2. Export analysis
- 4-3. Import analysis
- 4-4. Global flow of yellow phosphorus
- 4-5. Trade policies in main exporters
- 4-6. Future trend
5. Conclusion and commercial opportunities
6. Profiles of major producers and end users
- 6-1. Major producers
- 6-1-1. Yunnan Yuntianhua Co., Ltd.
- 6-1-2. Jiangsu Chengxing Phosph-Chemicals Co., Ltd.
- 6-1-3. Sichuan Province Chuantou Chemical Industry Group Co., Ltd.
- 6-1-4. Hubei Xingfa Chemicals Group Co., Ltd.
- 6-1-5. Yunnan Phosphorus Group Co., Ltd.
- 6-1-6. Monsanto Company
- 6-1-7. Kazphosphate LLC
- 6-2. Major end users
- 6-2-1. United Phosphorus Limited
- 6-2-2. FOSFA
- 6-2-3. CIECH S.A.
- 6-2-4. Clariant Corporation
- 6-2-5. Rhodia S.A.
- 6-2-6. Rin Kagaku Kogyo Co., Ltd.
- 6-2-7. Nippon Chemical Industrial Co., Ltd.
- 6-2-8. Guangxi Mingli Group Co., Ltd.
- 6-2-9. Zhejiang Wynca Chemical Group Co., Ltd.
- 6-2-10. Jiangsu Xuzhou Jianping Chemical Co., Ltd.
- 6-2-11. Nantong Jiangshan Agrochemical & Chemical Co., Ltd.
- 6-2-12. Hubei Sanonda Co., Ltd.
- 6-2-13. Shandong Hengtong Chemical Co., Ltd.
List of Tables:
- Table 1.1-1: Characteristics of phosphorus ore produced in top reserves
- Table 1.1-2: Typical analysis of commercial phosphorus ore in major
reserves countries worldwide
- Table 1.2-1: International trade of phosphorus ore, 2008-2012
- Table 1.3-1: Policies on phosphorus ore of main supplying countries in the
- Table 1.3-2: Export quota for phosphorus ore in China, as of 2013
- Table 2.1-1: Major suppliers' output and export volume of yellow
phosphorus in the world, 2013
- Table 2.1-2: Competitiveness analysis of yellow phosphorus industry in
China, the US, Kazakhastan and Vietnam, 2013
- Table 2.2.1-1: Extra electricity prices set for high energy-consuming
industries in China since 2006, USD/kWh
- Table 2.2.1-2: Requirements for existing yellow phosphorus enterprises in
- Table 2.2.1-3: Economic technological indicators set for yellow phosphorus
equipment in China
- Table 2.2.2-1: Top five producers of yellow phosphorus in China, 2013
- Table 2.3.1-1: Average retail price of electricity for industrial use in
the US, 2001-2012
- Table 2.4.1-1: Electricity supply & demand balance in Kazakhstan,
2009-2013, million kWh
- Table 2.4.1-2: Forecast on electricity supply and demand in Kazakhstan of
2015, 2020 and 2025
- Table 2.4.1-3: Major problems haunting Kazakhstan's yellow phosphorus
- Table 3.1-1: Global apparent consumption of yellow phosphorus by country,
- Table 3.1-2: Global apparent consumption of yellow phosphorus by
application field, 2013
- Table 3.2-1: Comparison of different phosphoric acids in the world
- Table 3.2-2: Main producers of thermal phosphoric acid in the world, 2013
- Table 3.3-1: Main producers of phosphorus trichloride in the world, 2013
- Table 3.4-1: Main producers of phosphorus pentoxide in the world, 2012
- Table 3.5-1: Main producers of phosphorus pentasulfide in the world, 2012
- Table 4.1-1: Export volume of yellow phosphorus from major export
- Table 4.1-2: Major import countries' import volume of yellow phosphorus,
- Table 4.2-1: China's export volume of yellow phosphorus by manufacturer,
- Table 4.2-2: China's export volume of yellow phosphorus by manufacturer,
- Table 4.5-1: Export tariff and export rebate for yellow phosphorus in
China, Jan. 2002-June 2014
- Table 6.1.1-1: Basic information of Yuntianhua, 2013
- Table 6.1.2-1: Basic information of Jiangsu Chengxing, 2013
- Table 6.1.3-1: Basic information of Chuantou Chemical, 2013
- Table 6.1.4-1: Basic information of Hubei Xingfa, 2013
- Table 6.1.5-1: Basic information of Yunnan Yunphos, 2013
- Table 6.1.6-1: Basic information of Monsanto Company, 2013
- Table 6.1.7-1: Basic information of Kazphosphate LLC, 2013
- Table 6.2.1-1: Basic information of UPL, 2013
- Table 6.2.2-1: Basic information of FOSFA, 2013
- Table 6.2.3-1: Basic information of CIECH S.A., 2013
- Table 6.2.4-1: Basic information of Clariant Corporation, 2013
- Table 6.2.5-1: Basic information of Rhodia S.A., 2013
- Table 6.2.6-1: Basic information of Rin Kagaku Kogyo, 2013
- Table 6.2.7-1: Basic information of NCI, 2012
- Table 6.2.8-1: Basic information of Guangxi Mingli, 2013
- Table 6.2.9-1: Basic information of Zhejiang Wynca, 2013
- Table 6.2.10-1: Basic information of Xuzhou Jianping, 2013
- Table 6.2.11-1: Basic information of Nantong Jiangshan, 2013
- Table 6.2.12-1: Basic information of Hubei Sanonda, 2013
- Table 6.2.13-1: Basic information of Shandong Hengtong, 2013
List of Figures:
- Figure 1.1-1: Global output of phosphorus ore, 2008-2013e, million tonne
- Figure 1.1-2: Global consumption of phosphorus ore in tonnage by
downstream products, 2013
- Figure 1.2-1: Global eport volume of phosphorus ore by region, 2012
- Figure 1.2-2: Global import volume of phosphorus ore by region, 2012
- Figure 2.1-1: Capacity distribution of major yellow phosphorus producers
in the world, 2013
- Figure 2.2.1-1: China's export volume of phosphorus ore, 2008-2013
- Figure 2.2.2-1: Capacity and output of yellow phosphorus in China,
- Figure 2.2.2-2: Distribution of major capacity of yellow phosphorus in
China by province, 2013
- Figure 2.2.2-3: Annual ex-works price of yellow phosphorus in China,
- Figure 2.2.2-4: Monthly ex-works price of yellow phosphorus in China,
- Figure 2.3.2-1: Share of the US' capacity if yellow phosphorus in the
world, 2001 Vs 2013
- Figure 2.4.1-1: Phosphorus ore basins and deposits in Kazakhstan
- Figure 2.4.2-1: Kazakhstan's capacity and output of yellow phosphorus,
- Figure 2.4.2-2: Export price of yellow phosphorus from Kazahkstan, the US
and China, 2012-2013
- Figure 2.6-1: Forecast on global output of yellow phosphorus, 2014-2018
- Figure 3.1-1: Global consumption pattern of yellow phosphorus in tonnage
by application field, 2013
- Figure 3.1-2: Proportion of yellow phosphorus' consumption in phosphoric
acid and other phosphates worldwide, 2010 VS 2013
- Figure 3.2-1: Global consumption of yellow phosphorus in phosphoric acid
by country, 2013
- Figure 3.3-1: Global consumption of yellow phosphorus in phosphorus
trichloride by country, 2013
- Figure 3.4-1: Global consumption of yellow phosphorus in phosphorus
pentoxide by country, 2013
- Figure 3.5-1: Global consumption of yellow phosphorus in phosphorus
pentasulfide by country, 2013
- Figure 3.6-1: Global consumption of yellow phosphorus in sodium
hypophosphite by country, 2013
- Figure 4.2-1: China's export volume of yellow phosphorus, 2008-2013
- Figure 4.2-2: China's export of yellow phosphorus in tonnage by
- Figure 4.2-3: Kazakhstan's export volume of yellow phosphorus, 2008-2013
- Figure 4.2-4: Kazakhstan's export of yellow phosphorus in tonnage by
- Figure 4.2-5: Vietnam's export volume of yellow phosphorus, 2008-2013
- Figure 4.2-6: Vietnam's export of yellow phosphorus in tonnage by
- Figure 4.2-7: The US' export volume of yellow phosphorus, 2008-2013
- Figure 4.2-8: The US' export of yellow phosphorus in tonnage by
- Figure 4.3-1: Poland's import volume of yellow phosphorus, 2008-2013
- Figure 4.3-2: Poland's import of yellow phosphorus in tonnage by origin,
- Figure 4.3-3: Japan's import volume of yellow phosphorus, 2008-2013
- Figure 4.3-4: Japan's import of yellow phosphorus in tonnage by origin,
- Figure 4.3-5: Germany's import volume of yellow phosphorus, 2008-2013
- Figure 4.3-6: Germany's import of yellow phosphorus in tonnage by origin,
- Figure 4.3-7: India's import volume of yellow phosphorus, 2008-2013
- Figure 4.3-8: India's import of yellow phosphorus in tonnage by origin,
- Figure 4.3-9: The Czech Republic's import volume of yellow phosphorus,
- Figure 4.4-1: Global trade flow of yellow phosphorus, 2013