Genetically Modified Crops in China
|出版日||ページ情報||英文 24 pages
China, with a plenty of field and great demand for crops, has the great potential in GM crops. Stimulated by the approval of safety certificates of GM rice and GM corn, two key grain crops in Asia, GM technology and GM crops have attracted unprecedented attention in the world.
By interviewing researchers, governmental officers and citizens, CCM tries to study and introduce the situation of five main GM crops (GM rice, GM cotton, GM corn, GM wheat and GM soybean) in China, finding out whether GM crops will come into commercial production in the near future and what the future for Chinese GM crops industry is.
To figure out the future trend of GM crops in China, especially for GM rice, CCM will carry out a deep investigation in this research in order to:
Genetically modified crop (GM crop) is the focus of the world's agricultural biotechnology research. There are XX countries and regions with commercial cultivation of GM crops. The main varieties of those GM crops include rice, cotton, corn, wheat and soybeans.
At present, China has approved to issue genetically modified organisms (GMO) safety certificates for seven kinds of GM crops such as GM cotton, GM tomato, GM poplar, GM morning glory, etc. In addition, the Ministry of Agriculture has issued imported safety certificates of GM cotton, GM soybean, GM corn and GM cole, in which only GM cotton are popularized in large scale. GM soybean and GM corn are in the trial and environmental release testing stages, which have not yet started the commercial planting. But in recent years, among China's imports of corn and soybeans, genetically modified varieties of these two products account for a large share.
Stimulated by governmental support, China's GM crops develop quickly and gain a lot of achievements these years, especially in GM cotton and GM rice. But there are still many problems existed.
Government and researchers are the main bodies to support GM crops' commercial production in China. In addition, grain supply risk and environmental protection are also driving GM crops' commercial production. On the contrary, some citizens' and international public opinions oppose GM crops' commercial production. However, their power is weak.
It is predicted that China will first commercially produce GM rice in XX~XX years. GM corn may also realize the commercial production in China in a few years due to the more mature technology and the large demand now, compared with the immature technology of GM soybean and GM wheat.
Undoubtedly, the future development of GM crops will encounter many uncertain risks, while there will be plenty of opportunities. On the whole the opportunities outweigh risks in GM crops industry in China.