市場調査レポート

中国の遺伝子組み換え(GM)作物市場

Genetically Modified Crops in China

発行 CCM 商品コード 290174
出版日 ページ情報 英文 24 pages
納期: 即日から翌営業日
価格
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中国の遺伝子組み換え(GM)作物市場 Genetically Modified Crops in China
出版日: 2013年10月11日 ページ情報: 英文 24 pages
概要

広大な国土と莫大な穀物需要を抱える中国は、遺伝子組み換え(GM)作物にとって巨大な将来性のある市場となっています。GM米・GMトウモロコシの安全性認証を受けて、GM技術とGM作物に対する大きな関心が世界中から集まっています。

当レポートでは、中国国内における遺伝子組み換え(以下GM)作物産業について分析し、主要5品目(GM米・綿花・トウモロコシ・小麦・大豆)の現在の生産状況や、近い将来における商業生産の可能性、市場促進・阻害要因、全世界および中国のGM作物の産業動向と将来性・リスクなどを調査・考察して、その結果を概略以下の構成でお届けします。

エグゼクティブ・サマリー

イントロダクション・分析手法

第1章 中国の遺伝子組み換え(GM)作物の歴史

第2章 中国におけるGM作物の現状

  • 世界のGM作物市場における中国の立場
  • 中国におけるGM作物の状況
  • 主なGM作物の生産量
    • GM米(コメ)
    • GM綿花
    • GMトウモロコシ
    • GM小麦
    • GM大豆
  • 中国でのGM作物に関する問題点

第3章 将来展望

  • 影響要因
    • 政府の政策
    • 研究者とGM作物に対する一般的な考え方
    • 穀物供給リスク
  • 中国のGM作物の将来展望

第4章 リスクと機会

図表一覧

目次

China, with a plenty of field and great demand for crops, has the great potential in GM crops. Stimulated by the approval of safety certificates of GM rice and GM corn, two key grain crops in Asia, GM technology and GM crops have attracted unprecedented attention in the world.

By interviewing researchers, governmental officers and citizens, CCM tries to study and introduce the situation of five main GM crops (GM rice, GM cotton, GM corn, GM wheat and GM soybean) in China, finding out whether GM crops will come into commercial production in the near future and what the future for Chinese GM crops industry is.

To figure out the future trend of GM crops in China, especially for GM rice, CCM will carry out a deep investigation in this research in order to:

  • Help clients understand Chinese GM crops industry
  • Find out influencing factors for GM crops development
  • Analyze the competitive landscape of Chinese and multinational GM crops producers
  • Assess market risks and identify business opportunities
  • Find out GM crop prospect

Executive summary:

Genetically modified crop (GM crop) is the focus of the world's agricultural biotechnology research. There are XX countries and regions with commercial cultivation of GM crops. The main varieties of those GM crops include rice, cotton, corn, wheat and soybeans.

At present, China has approved to issue genetically modified organisms (GMO) safety certificates for seven kinds of GM crops such as GM cotton, GM tomato, GM poplar, GM morning glory, etc. In addition, the Ministry of Agriculture has issued imported safety certificates of GM cotton, GM soybean, GM corn and GM cole, in which only GM cotton are popularized in large scale. GM soybean and GM corn are in the trial and environmental release testing stages, which have not yet started the commercial planting. But in recent years, among China's imports of corn and soybeans, genetically modified varieties of these two products account for a large share.

Stimulated by governmental support, China's GM crops develop quickly and gain a lot of achievements these years, especially in GM cotton and GM rice. But there are still many problems existed.

  • Few useful functional genes with proprietary intellectual property rights
  • Immature multi-gene polymerize transfer technology system
  • Unreasonable distribution of limited resources
  • Small scale of domestic companies
  • Poor management on GM crops

Government and researchers are the main bodies to support GM crops' commercial production in China. In addition, grain supply risk and environmental protection are also driving GM crops' commercial production. On the contrary, some citizens' and international public opinions oppose GM crops' commercial production. However, their power is weak.

It is predicted that China will first commercially produce GM rice in XX~XX years. GM corn may also realize the commercial production in China in a few years due to the more mature technology and the large demand now, compared with the immature technology of GM soybean and GM wheat.

Undoubtedly, the future development of GM crops will encounter many uncertain risks, while there will be plenty of opportunities. On the whole the opportunities outweigh risks in GM crops industry in China.

Table of Contents

Executive summary

Introduction and methodology

1 History of GM crops in China

2 Current situation of GM crops in China

  • 2-1 China's status in global GM crops' market
  • 2-2 Situation of GM crops in China
  • 2-3 Main production of GM crops
    • 2-3-1 GM rice
    • 2-3-2 GM cotton
    • 2-3-3 GM corn
    • 2-3-4 GM wheat
    • 2-3-5 GM soybean
  • 2-4 Problems of GM crops in China

3 Future prospect

  • 3-1 Influencing factors
    • 3-1-1 Governmental policies
    • 3-1-2 Researchers and public attitudes towards GM crops
    • 3-1-3 Grain supply risk
  • 3-2 Future prospect of GM crops in China

4 Risk and opportunity

List of tables

  • Table 2.3.1-1 Development of GM rice in China, 2012
  • Table 2.3.2-1 Development of GM cotton in China, 2012
  • Table 2.3.2-2 Planting area of cotton in China, 2008-2012, ha.
  • Table 2.3.2-3 Output and import volume of cotton in China, 2008-2012
  • Table 2.3.2-4 GM cotton approved for import as processing materials, as of Aug. 2013
  • Table 2.3.3-1 Development of GM corn in China, 2012
  • Table 2.3.3-2 Import situation of corn in China, 2010-H1 2013, tonne
  • Table 2.3.3-3 GM corn approved for import as processing materials, as of Aug. 2013
  • Table 2.3.4-1 Development of GM wheat in China, 2012
  • Table 2.3.5-1 Development of GM soybean in China, 2012
  • Table 2.3.5-2 GM soybean approved for import as processing materials, as of Aug. 2013
  • Table 2.3.5-3 Import volume of soybeans in China, 2008-2012, tonne
  • Table 3.1.1-1 Key regulations on GM organism and GM technology
  • Table 3.1.1-2 Safety assessment requirements of GM crops in China
  • Table 3.1.1-3 Guidance for GMO in China
  • Table 3.1.3-1 Grain supply in China, 2008-2012

List of figures

  • Figure 2.1-1 Global planting area of GM crops, 2004-2012
  • Figure 2.1-2 Planting area of China's GM crops and its share in the global GM crops, 2004-2012
  • Figure 2.2-1 Procedures from experiment to commercial production of GM crops in China
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