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市場調査レポート
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928843

水性塗料の世界市場:樹脂別、用途別、地域別の市場規模と予測 (2019年~2026年)

Global Waterborne Coatings Market Size study, by Resin, by Application and Regional Forecasts 2019-2026

出版日: | 発行: Bizwit Research & Consulting LLP | ページ情報: 英文 | 納期: 2~3営業日

価格
価格表記: USDを日本円(税抜)に換算
本日の銀行送金レート: 1USD=129.43円
水性塗料の世界市場:樹脂別、用途別、地域別の市場規模と予測 (2019年~2026年)
出版日: 2020年02月04日
発行: Bizwit Research & Consulting LLP
ページ情報: 英文
納期: 2~3営業日
  • 全表示
  • 概要
  • 図表
  • 目次
概要

水性塗料は、樹脂を溶かすための溶剤として水を使用する環境負荷の低い基材であり、水とグリコールエーテルなどの溶剤が主な成分です。揮発性有機化合物の含有量が少なく、木材や樹脂などさまざまな材料に塗ることができるため、建設、自動車、消費財、電気/電子機器、繊維、工業など幅広い分野で使用されており、今後も着実に成長すると見られています。世界の市場規模は、2018年の時点で7,100万米ドルとなっており、2019年から2026年まで4.5%以上の成長率で拡大する見通しです。

当レポートは、世界の水性塗料市場を調査したもので、市場の概要や力学、樹脂別、用途別、地域別の分析、競合状況と主要企業のプロファイルなどの情報を提供しています。

目次

第1章 エグゼクティブサマリー

第2章 市場の定義と範囲

  • 調査の目的
  • 市場の定義と範囲
    • 調査範囲
    • 業界の進化
  • 調査対象年
  • 通貨換算レート

第3章 市場の力学

  • 市場への影響度の分析(2018年~2026年)
    • 成長促進要因
    • 市場の課題
    • 市場機会

第4章 世界市場の分析

  • ポーターのファイブフォース分析
    • サプライヤーの交渉力
    • バイヤーの交渉力
    • 新規参入勢力の脅威
    • 代替品の脅威
    • 企業間競争
    • ポーターのファイブフォース分析に対応する将来展望の手法(2016年~2026年)
  • PEST分析
    • 政治的要因
    • 経済的要因
    • 社会的要因
    • 技術的要因
  • 投資採用モデル
  • アナリストの提言と結論

第5章 市場分析:樹脂別

  • 市場の概況
  • 市場の実績と将来性の分析
  • 市場の見積もりと予測
  • サブセグメント分析
    • アクリル
    • ポリエステル
    • アルキド
    • エポキシ
    • ポリウレタン
    • ポリテトラフルオロエチレン(PTFE)
    • ポリフッ化ビニリデン(PVDF)
    • ポリ塩化ビニリデン(PVDC)
    • その他

第6章 市場分析:用途別

  • 市場の概況
  • 市場の実績と将来性の分析
  • 市場の見積もりと予測
  • サブセグメント分析
    • 建築
    • 自動車
    • 産業全般
    • 保護
    • 木材
    • 海事
    • パッケージ
    • コイル
    • その他

第7章 市場分析:地域別

  • 各地域市場の概況
  • 北米市場
    • 米国
    • カナダ
  • 欧州市場
    • 英国
    • ドイツ
    • その他
  • アジア太平洋市場
    • 中国
    • インド
    • 日本
    • その他
  • ラテンアメリカ市場
    • ブラジル
    • メキシコ
  • その他

第8章 競合情報

  • 主な市場戦略
  • 企業プロファイル
    • BASF SE (Germany)
    • AkzoNobel N.V. (Netherlands)
    • Axalta Coating System LLC (U.S.)
    • PPG Industries, Inc. (U.S.)
    • The Valspar Corporation (U.S.)
    • Sherwin-Williams Company (U.S.)
    • Nippon Paints Holdings Co. Ltd. (Japan)
    • Berger Paints India Limited (India)
    • Kansai Paint Company Limited (JAPAN)

第9章 調査方法

  • 調査方法
    • データマイニング
    • 分析
    • 市場の見積もり
    • 検証
    • 発行
  • 調査の特性
  • 調査の前提
図表

List of Tables

  • TABLE 1. LIST OF SECONDARY SOURCES, USED IN THE STUDY OF GLOBAL WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET
  • TABLE 2. LIST OF PRIMARY SOURCES, USED IN THE STUDY OF GLOBAL WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET
  • TABLE 3. GLOBAL WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET, REPORT SCOPE
  • TABLE 4. YEARS CONSIDERED FOR THE STUDY
  • TABLE 5. EXCHANGE RATES CONSIDERED
  • TABLE 6. GLOBAL WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS BY REGION 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 7. GLOBAL WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS BY RESIN 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 8. GLOBAL WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS BY APPLICATION 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 9. GLOBAL WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET BY SEGMENT, ESTIMATES & FORECASTS, 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 10. GLOBAL WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET BY REGION, ESTIMATES & FORECASTS, 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 11. GLOBAL WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET BY SEGMENT, ESTIMATES & FORECASTS, 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 12. GLOBAL WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET BY REGION, ESTIMATES & FORECASTS, 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 13. GLOBAL WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET BY SEGMENT, ESTIMATES & FORECASTS, 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 14. GLOBAL WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET BY REGION, ESTIMATES & FORECASTS, 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 15. GLOBAL WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET BY SEGMENT, ESTIMATES & FORECASTS, 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 16. GLOBAL WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET BY REGION, ESTIMATES & FORECASTS, 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 17. GLOBAL WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET BY SEGMENT, ESTIMATES & FORECASTS, 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 18. GLOBAL WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET BY REGION, ESTIMATES & FORECASTS, 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 19. U.S. WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS, 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 20. U.S. WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS BY SEGMENT 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 21. U.S. WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS BY SEGMENT 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 22. CANADA WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS, 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 23. CANADA WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS BY SEGMENT 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 24. CANADA WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS BY SEGMENT 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 25. UK WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS, 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 26. UK WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS BY SEGMENT 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 27. UK WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS BY SEGMENT 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 28. GERMANY WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS, 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 29. GERMANY WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS BY SEGMENT 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 30. GERMANY WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS BY SEGMENT 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 31. ROE WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS, 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 32. ROE WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS BY SEGMENT 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 33. ROE WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS BY SEGMENT 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 34. CHINA WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS, 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 35. CHINA WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS BY SEGMENT 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 36. CHINA WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS BY SEGMENT 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 37. INDIA WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS, 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 38. INDIA WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS BY SEGMENT 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 39. INDIA WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS BY SEGMENT 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 40. JAPAN WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS, 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 41. JAPAN WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS BY SEGMENT 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 42. JAPAN WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS BY SEGMENT 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 43. ROAPAC WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS, 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 44. ROAPAC WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS BY SEGMENT 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 45. ROAPAC WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS BY SEGMENT 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 46. BRAZIL WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS, 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 47. BRAZIL WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS BY SEGMENT 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 48. BRAZIL WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS BY SEGMENT 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 49. MEXICO WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS, 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 50. MEXICO WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS BY SEGMENT 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 51. MEXICO WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS BY SEGMENT 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 52. ROLA WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS, 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 53. ROLA WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS BY SEGMENT 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 54. ROLA WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS BY SEGMENT 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 55. ROW WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS, 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 56. ROW WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS BY SEGMENT 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)
  • TABLE 57. ROW WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET ESTIMATES & FORECASTS BY SEGMENT 2016-2026 (USD BILLION)

List of Figures

  • FIG 1. GLOBAL WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET, RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
  • FIG 2. GLOBAL WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET, MARKET ESTIMATION TECHNIQUES
  • FIG 3. GLOBAL MARKET SIZE ESTIMATES & FORECAST METHODS
  • FIG 4. GLOBAL WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET, KEY TRENDS 2018
  • FIG 5. GLOBAL WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET, GROWTH PROSPECTS 2019-2026
  • FIG 6. GLOBAL WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET, PORTERS 5 FORCE MODEL
  • FIG 7. GLOBAL WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET, PEST ANALYSIS
  • FIG 8. GLOBAL WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET, VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS
  • FIG 9. GLOBAL WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET BY SEGMENT, 2016 & 2026 (USD BILLION)
  • FIG 10. GLOBAL WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET BY SEGMENT, 2016 & 2026 (USD BILLION)
  • FIG 11. GLOBAL WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET BY SEGMENT, 2016 & 2026 (USD BILLION)
  • FIG 12. GLOBAL WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET BY SEGMENT, 2016 & 2026 (USD BILLION)
  • FIG 13. GLOBAL WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET BY SEGMENT, 2016 & 2026 (USD BILLION)
  • FIG 14. GLOBAL WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET, REGIONAL SNAPSHOT 2016 & 2026
  • FIG 15. NORTH AMERICA WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET 2016 & 2026 (USD BILLION)
  • FIG 16. EUROPE WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET 2016 & 2026 (USD BILLION)
  • FIG 17. ASIA PACIFIC WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET 2016 & 2026 (USD BILLION)
  • FIG 18. LATIN AMERICA WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET 2016 & 2026 (USD BILLION)
  • FIG 19. GLOBAL WATERBORNE COATINGS MARKET, COMPANY MARKET SHARE ANALYSIS (2018)
目次

Global Waterborne Coatings Market is valued approximately USD 71 million in 2018 and is anticipated to grow with a healthy growth rate of more than 4.5 % over the forecast period 2019-2026. Waterborne Coatings are green substrates which use water as a solvent to dissolve resin. This is the reason behind application of waterborne coatings that is environment friendly and easy to apply. The coatings consist of 80% water and other solvents like glycol ethers. It makes the coating or paint easy to apply and eco-friendly. Waterborne coatings are widely used for their low VOC (volatile organic compounds) content (less than 3.5 pounds per gallon of water). It can be applied on wood (e.g., furniture) and plastic substrates. Further, demand in coatings, construction, automotive, consumer goods, electrical/electronics, textile, and industrial coating has led the adoption of Waterborne Coatings across the forecast period. Also, increasing implementation of waterborne coatings over solvent-borne coatings and rapid economic growth in emerging countries with the increasing consumer spending and population is expected to fuel the demand for Waterborne Coatings. Moreover, Development of Bio-based products and increasing government support due to VOC emissions create a lucrative market opportunity for the waterborne coatings market.

The regional analysis of global Waterborne Coatings market is considered for the key regions such as Asia Pacific, North America, Europe, Latin America and Rest of the World. Asia-Pacific is the leading/significant region across the world in terms of market share owing to the rise in the consumers disposable income and strict regulations in paints & coatings industry. Whereas, Asia-Pacific is also anticipated to exhibit highest growth rate / CAGR over the forecast period 2019-2026. Factors such as significant investments from large scale companies like BASF SE, AkzoNobel and Valspar to expand in few countries of Asia-Pacific would create lucrative growth prospects for the Waterborne Coatings market across Asia-Pacific region.

Major market player included in this report are:

  • BASF SE (Germany)
  • AkzoNobel N.V. (Netherlands)
  • Axalta Coating System LLC (U.S.)
  • PPG Industries, Inc. (U.S.)
  • The Valspar Corporation (U.S.)
  • Sherwin-Williams Company (U.S.)
  • Nippon Paints Holdings Co. Ltd. (Japan)
  • Berger Paints India Limited (India)
  • Kansai Paint Company Limited (JAPAN)
  • Jotun Group (Norway)

The objective of the study is to define market sizes of different segments & countries in recent years and to forecast the values to the coming eight years. The report is designed to incorporate both qualitative and quantitative aspects of the industry within each of the regions and countries involved in the study. Furthermore, the report also caters the detailed information about the crucial aspects such as driving factors & challenges which will define the future growth of the market. Additionally, the report shall also incorporate available opportunities in micro markets for stakeholders to invest along with the detailed analysis of competitive landscape and product offerings of key players. The detailed segments and sub-segment of the market are explained below:

By Resin Type:

  • Acrylic
  • Polyester
  • Alkyd
  • Epoxy
  • Polyurethane
  • Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)
  • Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF)
  • Polyvinylidene dichloride (PVDC)
  • Others

By Application:

  • Architectural
  • Automotive
  • General Industrial
  • Protective
  • Wood
  • Marine
  • Packaging
  • Coil
  • Others

By Region:

  • North America
  • U.S.
  • Canada
  • Europe
  • UK
  • Germany
  • Asia Pacific
  • China
  • India
  • Japan
  • Latin America
  • Brazil
  • Mexico
  • Rest of the World

Furthermore, years considered for the study are as follows:

  • Historical year - 2016, 2017
  • Base year - 2018
  • Forecast period - 2019 to 2026

Target Audience of the Global Waterborne Coatings Market in Market Study:

  • Key Consulting Companies & Advisors
  • Large, medium-sized, and small enterprises
  • Venture capitalists
  • Value-Added Resellers (VARs)
  • Third-party knowledge providers
  • Investment bankers
  • Investor

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Chapter 1. Executive Summary

  • 1.1. Market Snapshot
  • 1.2. Global & Segmental Market Estimates & Forecasts, 2017-2026 (USD Billion)
    • 1.2.1. Waterborne Coatings Market, by Region, 2017-2026 (USD Billion)
    • 1.2.2. Waterborne Coatings Market, by Resin, 2017-2026 (USD Billion)
    • 1.2.3. Waterborne Coatings Market, by Application, 2017-2026 (USD Billion)
  • 1.3. Key Trends
  • 1.4. Estimation Methodology
  • 1.5. Research Assumption

Chapter 2. Global Waterborne Coatings Market Definition and Scope

  • 2.1. Objective of the Study
  • 2.2. Market Definition & Scope
    • 2.2.1. Scope of the Study
    • 2.2.2. Industry Evolution
  • 2.3. Years Considered for the Study
  • 2.4. Currency Conversion Rates

Chapter 3. Global Waterborne Coatings Market Dynamics

  • 3.1. Waterborne Coatings Market Impact Analysis (2018-2026)
    • 3.1.1. Market Drivers
    • 3.1.2. Market Challenges
    • 3.1.3. Market Opportunities

Chapter 4. Global Waterborne Coatings Market Industry Analysis

  • 4.1. Porter's 5 Force Model
    • 4.1.1. Bargaining Power of Suppliers
    • 4.1.2. Bargaining Power of Buyers
    • 4.1.3. Threat of New Entrants
    • 4.1.4. Threat of Substitutes
    • 4.1.5. Competitive Rivalry
    • 4.1.6. Futuristic Approach to Porter's 5 Force Model (2016-2026)
  • 4.2. PEST Analysis
    • 4.2.1. Political
    • 4.2.2. Economical
    • 4.2.3. Social
    • 4.2.4. Technological
  • 4.3. Investment Adoption Model
  • 4.4. Analyst Recommendation & Conclusion

Chapter 5. Global Waterborne Coatings Market, by Resin

  • 5.1. Market Snapshot
  • 5.2. Global Waterborne Coatings Market by Resin, Performance - Potential Analysis
  • 5.3. Global Waterborne Coatings Market Estimates & Forecasts by Resin 2016-2026 (USD Billion)
  • 5.4. Waterborne Coatings Market, Sub Segment Analysis
    • 5.4.1. Acrylic
    • 5.4.2. Polyester
    • 5.4.3. Alkyd
    • 5.4.4. Epoxy
    • 5.4.5. Polyurethane
    • 5.4.6. Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)
    • 5.4.7. Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF)
    • 5.4.8. Polyvinylidene dichloride (PVDC)
    • 5.4.9. Others

Chapter 6. Global Waterborne Coatings Market, by Application

  • 6.1. Market Snapshot
  • 6.2. Global Waterborne Coatings Market by Application, Performance - Potential Analysis
  • 6.3. Global Waterborne Coatings Market Estimates & Forecasts by Application 2016-2026 (USD Billion)
  • 6.4. Waterborne Coatings Market, Sub Segment Analysis
    • 6.4.1. Architectural
    • 6.4.2. Automotive
    • 6.4.3. General Industrial
    • 6.4.4. Protective
    • 6.4.5. Wood
    • 6.4.6. Marine
    • 6.4.7. Packaging
    • 6.4.8. Coil
    • 6.4.9. Others

Chapter 7. Global Waterborne Coatings Market, Regional Analysis

  • 7.1. Waterborne Coatings Market, Regional Market Snapshot
  • 7.2. North America Waterborne Coatings Market
    • 7.2.1. U.S. Waterborne Coatings Market
      • 7.2.1.1. Resin breakdown estimates & forecasts, 2016-2026
      • 7.2.1.2. Application breakdown estimates & forecasts, 2016-2026
    • 7.2.2. Canada Waterborne Coatings Market
  • 7.3. Europe Waterborne Coatings Market Snapshot
    • 7.3.1. U.K. Waterborne Coatings Market
    • 7.3.2. Germany Waterborne Coatings Market
    • 7.3.3. Rest of Europe Waterborne Coatings Market
  • 7.4. Asia-Pacific Waterborne Coatings Market Snapshot
    • 7.4.1. China Waterborne Coatings Market
    • 7.4.2. India Waterborne Coatings Market
    • 7.4.3. Japan Waterborne Coatings Market
    • 7.4.4. Rest of Asia Pacific Waterborne Coatings Market
  • 7.5. Latin America Waterborne Coatings Market Snapshot
    • 7.5.1. Brazil Waterborne Coatings Market
    • 7.5.2. Mexico Waterborne Coatings Market
  • 7.6. Rest of The World Waterborne Coatings Market

Chapter 8. Competitive Intelligence

  • 8.1. Top Market Strategies
  • 8.2. Company Profiles
    • 8.2.1. BASF SE (Germany)
      • 8.2.1.1. Key Information
      • 8.2.1.2. Overview
      • 8.2.1.3. Financial (Subject to Data Availability)
      • 8.2.1.4. Product Summary
      • 8.2.1.5. Recent Developments
    • 8.2.2. AkzoNobel N.V. (Netherlands)
    • 8.2.3. Axalta Coating System LLC (U.S.)
    • 8.2.4. PPG Industries, Inc. (U.S.)
    • 8.2.5. The Valspar Corporation (U.S.)
    • 8.2.6. Sherwin-Williams Company (U.S.)
    • 8.2.7. Nippon Paints Holdings Co. Ltd. (Japan)
    • 8.2.8. Berger Paints India Limited (India)
    • 8.2.9. Kansai Paint Company Limited (JAPAN)

Chapter 9. Jotun Group (Norway)Research Process

  • 9.1. Research Process
    • 9.1.1. Data Mining
    • 9.1.2. Analysis
    • 9.1.3. Market Estimation
    • 9.1.4. Validation
    • 9.1.5. Publishing
  • 9.2. Research Attributes
  • 9.3. Research Assumption