表紙:郵便自動化システムの世界市場:コンポーネント別、テクノロジー別、アプリケーション別、地域別、市場規模調査と予測(2021年~2027年)
市場調査レポート
商品コード
1019187

郵便自動化システムの世界市場:コンポーネント別、テクノロジー別、アプリケーション別、地域別、市場規模調査と予測(2021年~2027年)

Global Postal Automation System Market by Component (Hardware, Software, & Services), Technology (Culler Facer Canceller, Letter Sorter, Flat Sorter, Parcel Sorter), Application (Government, & Courier, Express & Parcel), Regional Forecasts 2021-2027

出版日: | 発行: Bizwit Research & Consulting LLP | ページ情報: 英文 | 納期: 2-3営業日

価格
価格表記: USDを日本円(税抜)に換算
本日の銀行送金レート: 1USD=111.41円
郵便自動化システムの世界市場:コンポーネント別、テクノロジー別、アプリケーション別、地域別、市場規模調査と予測(2021年~2027年)
出版日: 2021年07月11日
発行: Bizwit Research & Consulting LLP
ページ情報: 英文
納期: 2-3営業日
  • 全表示
  • 概要
  • 図表
  • 目次
概要

世界の郵便自動化システムの市場規模は2020年に約8億7,000万米ドルとなり、2021年~2027年の予測期間中に7%を超える健全な成長率で成長すると予想されています。

郵便自動化システムは、住所をすばやく読み取り、処理することができるレター処理システムです。人的エラーを排除するために、郵便業界の仕分けと配達のプロセスを合理化します。これはより良い顧客サービスによってバックアップされる費用効果の高いソリューションを提供します。CFC(カラーフェーサーキャンセラー)、OCRレター区分機、バーコードスキャナー、およびその他のコンポーネントがシステムに含まれています。さまざまな方法で宅配便およびパッケージサービスを改善するために使用できます。

小包仕分けシステム、自動読み取りおよびコーディングシステム、郵便仕分けシステム、および郵便ソフトウェアはすべて、郵便自動化システムの一部です。市場の成長は、郵便業界での自動仕分けおよび配達プロセスの必要性の高まりと、eコマース業界での成長によって推進されています。eコマースの大幅な増加により、出荷とパッケージが大幅に増加しました。たとえば、Shopifyによると、2019年には19億2,000万の世界のデジタル顧客が存在し、eコマースの売上は世界の小売売上の13.7%を占めると予想されています。その結果、eコマースロジスティクス業界は、郵便業界における自動化ソリューションの必要性から恩恵を受けると予測されています。その結果、郵便事業の自動化は今後数年間で大幅に増加すると予測されています。ただし、高い初期投資とメンテナンスコストは、2021年から2027年の予測期間にわたって市場の成長を妨げる可能性があります。

当レポートでは郵便自動化システムの世界市場を調査し、市場の概要、市場の成長要因および阻害要因の分析、市場機会、コンポーネント・テクノロジー・アプリケーション・地域別の市場規模の推移と予測、競合情勢、主要企業のプロファイルなど、体系的な情報を提供しています。

目次

第1章 エグゼクティブサマリー

第2章 市場の定義と範囲

第3章 市場力学

  • 市場の影響分析(2019年~2027年)

第4章 業界分析

  • ポーターのファイブフォースモデル
  • PEST分析
  • 投資採用モデル
  • アナリストの推奨事項と結論

第5章 コンポーネント別

  • 市場のスナップショット
  • パフォーマンス:潜在的な分析
  • 市場規模予測:2018年~2027年(10億米ドル単位)
  • サブセグメント分析
    • ハードウェア
    • ソフトウェア
    • サービス

第6章 テクノロジー別

  • 市場のスナップショット
  • パフォーマンス:潜在的な分析
  • 市場規模予測:2018年~2027年(10億米ドル単位)
  • サブセグメント分析
    • CFC(カラーフェーサーキャンセラー)
    • レター区分機
    • フラット区分機
    • 小包区分機
    • 混合郵便区分機
    • その他

第7章 アプリケーション別

  • 市場のスナップショット
  • パフォーマンス:潜在的な分析
  • 市場規模予測:2018年~2027年(10億米ドル単位)
  • サブセグメント分析
    • 政府郵便
    • クーリエ、エクスプレス、および小包

第8章 地域分析

  • 地域市場のスナップショット
  • 北米
    • 米国
    • カナダ
  • 欧州のスナップショット
    • 英国
    • ドイツ
    • フランス
    • スペイン
    • イタリア
    • その他欧州
  • アジア太平洋地域のスナップショット
    • 中国
    • インド
    • 日本
    • オーストラリア
    • 韓国
    • その他アジア太平洋地域
  • ラテンアメリカのスナップショット
    • ブラジル
    • メキシコ
  • その他の地域

第9章 競合情報

  • トップ市場戦略
  • 企業プロファイル
    • Fluence Automation
    • National Presort(NPI)
    • GBI Intralogistics
    • Falcon Autotech
    • Planet Intelligent Systems
    • Bastian Solutions
    • Eurosort Systems
    • ID Mail Systems
    • Bowe Systec
    • Parascript

第10章 調査プロセス

図表

LIST OF TABLES

  • TABLE 1. Global Postal Automation System Market, report scope
  • TABLE 2. Global Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by region 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 3. Global Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by Component 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 4. Global Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by Technology 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 5. Global Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by Application 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 6. Global Postal Automation System Market by segment, estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 7. Global Postal Automation System Market by region, estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 8. Global Postal Automation System Market by segment, estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 9. Global Postal Automation System Market by region, estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 10. Global Postal Automation System Market by segment, estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 11. Global Postal Automation System Market by region, estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 12. Global Postal Automation System Market by segment, estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 13. Global Postal Automation System Market by region, estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 14. Global Postal Automation System Market by segment, estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 15. Global Postal Automation System Market by region, estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 16. Global Postal Automation System Market by segment, estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 17. Global Postal Automation System Market by region, estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 18. Global Postal Automation System Market by segment, estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 19. Global Postal Automation System Market by region, estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 20. Global Postal Automation System Market by segment, estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 21. Global Postal Automation System Market by region, estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 22. U.S. Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 23. U.S. Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 24. U.S. Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 25. Canada Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 26. Canada Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 27. Canada Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 28. UK Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 29. UK Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 30. UK Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 31. Germany Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 32. Germany Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 33. Germany Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 34. France Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 35. France Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 36. France Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 37. Spain Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 38. Spain Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 39. Spain Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 40. Italy Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 41. Italy Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 42. Italy Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 43. ROE Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 44. ROE Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 45. ROE Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 46. China Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 47. China Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 48. China Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 49. India Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 50. India Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 51. India Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 52. Japan Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 53. Japan Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 54. Japan Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 55. Australia Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 56. Australia Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 57. Australia Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 58. South Korea Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 59. South Korea Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 60. South KoreaPostal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 61. ROPAC Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 62. ROPAC Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 63. ROPAC Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 64. Brazil Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 65. Brazil Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 66. Brazil Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 67. Mexico Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 68. Mexico Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 69. Mexico Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 70. ROLA Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 71. ROLA Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 72. ROLA Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 73. ROW Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 74. ROW Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 75. ROW Postal Automation System Market estimates & forecasts by segment 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • TABLE 76. List of secondary sources used in the study of Global Postal Automation System Market.
  • TABLE 77. List of primary sources used in the study of Global Postal Automation System Market.
  • TABLE 78. Years considered for the study.
  • TABLE 79. Exchange rates considered.

LIST OF FIGURES

List of figures

  • FIG 1. Global Postal Automation System Market, research methodology
  • FIG 2. Global Postal Automation System Market, market estimation techniques
  • FIG 3. Global market size estimates & forecast methods
  • FIG 4. Global Postal Automation System Market, key trends 2020
  • FIG 5. Global Postal Automation System Market, growth prospects 2021-2027
  • FIG 6. Global Postal Automation System Market, porters 5 force model
  • FIG 7. Global Postal Automation System Market, pest analysis
  • FIG 8. Global Postal Automation System Market, value chain analysis
  • FIG 9. Global Postal Automation System Market by segment, 2018 & 2027 (USD Billion)
  • FIG 10. Global Postal Automation System Market by segment, 2018 & 2027 (USD Billion)
  • FIG 11. Global Postal Automation System Market by segment, 2018 & 2027 (USD Billion)
  • FIG 12. Global Postal Automation System Market by segment, 2018 & 2027 (USD Billion)
  • FIG 13. Global Postal Automation System Market by segment, 2018 & 2027 (USD Billion)
  • FIG 14. Global Postal Automation System Market by segment, 2018 & 2027 (USD Billion)
  • FIG 15. Global Postal Automation System Market by segment, 2018 & 2027 (USD Billion)
  • FIG 16. Global Postal Automation System Market by segment, 2018 & 2027 (USD Billion)
  • FIG 17. Global Postal Automation System Market, regional snapshot 2018 & 2027
  • FIG 18. North America Postal Automation System Market 2018 & 2027 (USD Billion)
  • FIG 19. Europe Postal Automation System Market 2018 & 2027 (USD Billion)
  • FIG 20. Asia-Pacific Postal Automation System Market 2018 & 2027 (USD Billion)
  • FIG 21. Latin America Postal Automation System Market 2018 & 2027 (USD Billion)
  • FIG 22. Global Postal Automation System Market, company market share analysis (2020)
目次

Global Postal Automation System Market is valued approximately at USD 0.87 billion in 2020 and is anticipated to grow with a healthy growth rate of more than 7% over the forecast period 2021-2027. The postal automation system is a letter-handling system which can read addresses quickly and process them fast. It streamlines the postal industry's sorting and delivery processes in order to eliminate human error. It provides cost-effective solutions that are backed up by better customer service. Culler facer canceller, OCR letter sorting machines, bar code scanners, and other components are included in the system. It may be used to improve courier and package services in a variety of ways. Parcel sorting systems, automatic reading and coding systems, mail sorting systems, and postal software are all part of the postal automation system. The market growth is driven by increasing need for automated sorting and delivery processes in the postal industry and growth in the e-commerce industry. The significant increase in e-commerce has resulted in a massive increase of shipments and packages. For example, according to Shopify, there will be 1.92 billion global digital customers in 2019, with e-commerce sales anticipated to account for 13.7 percent of global retail sales. As a result, the e-commerce logistics industry is projected to benefit from the need for automated solutions in the postal industry. As a result, automation in the postal business is projected to increase considerably during the upcoming years. However, high initial investments and maintenance costs may impede market growth over the forecast period of 2021-2027.

During the projected period, North America is expected to dominate the market share due to the presence of major postal and CEP businesses in the region is principally responsible for the region's market share dominance. Existing postal automation systems in North America have been renovated, resulting in the installation or capacity extension of these systems, contributing to the region's market development.

Major market player included in this report are:

Fluence Automation

National Presort (NPI)

GBI Intralogistics

Falcon Autotech

Planet Intelligent Systems

Bastian Solutions

Eurosort Systems

ID Mail Systems

Bowe Systec

Parascript

The objective of the study is to define market sizes of different segments & countries in recent years and to forecast the values to the coming eight years. The report is designed to incorporate both qualitative and quantitative aspects of the industry within each of the regions and countries involved in the study. Furthermore, the report also caters the detailed information about the crucial aspects such as driving factors & challenges which will define the future growth of the market. Additionally, the report shall also incorporate available opportunities in micro markets for stakeholders to invest along with the detailed analysis of competitive landscape and product offerings of key players. The detailed segments and sub-segment of the market are explained below:

By Component:

Hardware

Software

Services

By Technology:

Culler Facer Cancellers

Letter Sorters

Flat Sorters

Parcel Sorters

Mixed Mail Sorters

Others

By Application:

Government Postal

Courier, Express, & Parcel

By Region:

North America

U.S.

Canada

Europe

UK

Germany

France

Spain

Italy

ROE

Asia Pacific

China

India

Japan

Australia

South Korea

RoAPAC

Latin America

Brazil

Mexico

Rest of the World

Furthermore, years considered for the study are as follows:

Historical year - 2018, 2019

Base year - 2020

Forecast period - 2021 to 2027.

Target Audience of the Global Postal Automation system Market in Market Study:

Key Consulting Companies & Advisors

Large, medium-sized, and small enterprises

Venture capitalists

Value-Added Resellers (VARs)

Third-party knowledge providers

Investment bankers

Investors

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Executive Summary

  • 1.1. Market Snapshot
  • 1.2. Global & Segmental Market Estimates & Forecasts, 2019-2027 (USD Billion)
    • 1.2.1. Postal Automation System Market, by Region, 2019-2027 (USD Billion)
    • 1.2.2. Postal Automation System Market, by Component, 2019-2027 (USD Billion)
    • 1.2.3. Postal Automation System Market, by Technology, 2019-2027 (USD Billion)
    • 1.2.4. Postal Automation System Market, by Application, 2019-2027 (USD Billion)
  • 1.3. Key Trends
  • 1.4. Estimation Methodology
  • 1.5. Research Assumption

Chapter 2. Global Postal Automation System Market Definition and Scope

  • 2.1. Objective of the Study
  • 2.2. Market Definition & Scope
    • 2.2.1. Scope of the Study
    • 2.2.2. Industry Evolution
  • 2.3. Years Considered for the Study
  • 2.4. Currency Conversion Rates

Chapter 3. Global Postal Automation System Market Dynamics

  • 3.1. Postal Automation System Market Impact Analysis (2019-2027)
    • 3.1.1. Market Drivers
      • 3.1.1.1. Increasing need for automated sorting and delivery processes in the postal industry
      • 3.1.1.2. Growth in the e-commerce industry
    • 3.1.2. Market Restraint
      • 3.1.2.1. High initial investments and maintenance costs
      • 3.1.2.2. Declining volume of traditional letters
    • 3.1.3. Market Opportunities
      • 3.1.3.1. Evolution of internet of postal things (IoPT)

Chapter 4. Global Postal Automation System Market Industry Analysis

  • 4.1. Porter's 5 Force Model
    • 4.1.1. Bargaining Power of Suppliers
    • 4.1.2. Bargaining Power of Buyers
    • 4.1.3. Threat of New Entrants
    • 4.1.4. Threat of Substitutes
    • 4.1.5. Competitive Rivalry
    • 4.1.6. Futuristic Approach to Porter's 5 Force Model (2018-2027)
  • 4.2. PEST Analysis
    • 4.2.1. Political
    • 4.2.2. Economical
    • 4.2.3. Social
    • 4.2.4. Technological
  • 4.3. Investment Adoption Model
  • 4.4. Analyst Recommendation & Conclusion

Chapter 5. Global Postal Automation System Market, by Component

  • 5.1. Market Snapshot
  • 5.2. Global Postal Automation System Market by Component, Performance - Potential Analysis
  • 5.3. Global Postal Automation System Market Estimates & Forecasts by Component 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • 5.4. Postal Automation System Market , Sub Segment Analysis
    • 5.4.1. Hardware
    • 5.4.2. Software
    • 5.4.3. Services

Chapter 6. Global Postal Automation System Market, by technology

  • 6.1. Market Snapshot
  • 6.2. Global Postal Automation System Market by Technology, Performance - Potential Analysis
  • 6.3. Global Postal Automation System Market Estimates & Forecasts by technology 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • 6.4. Postal Automation System Market , Sub Segment Analysis
    • 6.4.1. Culler Facer Cancellers
    • 6.4.2. Letter Sorters
    • 6.4.3. Flat Sorters
    • 6.4.4. Parcel Sorters
    • 6.4.5. Mixed Mail Sorters
    • 6.4.6. Others

Chapter 7. Global Postal Automation System Market, by Application

  • 7.1. Market Snapshot
  • 7.2. Global Postal Automation System Market by Application, Performance - Potential Analysis
  • 7.3. Global Postal Automation System Market Estimates & Forecasts by Application 2018-2027 (USD Billion)
  • 7.4. Postal Automation System Market , Sub Segment Analysis
    • 7.4.1. Government Postal
    • 7.4.2. Courier, Express, & Parcel

Chapter 8. Global Postal Automation System Market, Regional Analysis

  • 8.1. Postal Automation System Market , Regional Market Snapshot
  • 8.2. North America Postal Automation System Market
    • 8.2.1. U.S. Postal Automation System Market
      • 8.2.1.1. Component breakdown estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027
      • 8.2.1.2. Technology breakdown estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027
      • 8.2.1.3. Application breakdown estimates & forecasts, 2018-2027
    • 8.2.2. Canada Postal Automation System Market
  • 8.3. Europe Postal Automation System Market Snapshot
    • 8.3.1. U.K. Postal Automation System Market
    • 8.3.2. Germany Postal Automation System Market
    • 8.3.3. France Postal Automation System Market
    • 8.3.4. Spain Postal Automation System Market
    • 8.3.5. Italy Postal Automation System Market
    • 8.3.6. Rest of Europe Postal Automation System Market
  • 8.4. Asia-Pacific Postal Automation System Market Snapshot
    • 8.4.1. China Postal Automation System Market
    • 8.4.2. India Postal Automation System Market
    • 8.4.3. Japan Postal Automation System Market
    • 8.4.4. Australia Postal Automation System Market
    • 8.4.5. South Korea Postal Automation System Market
    • 8.4.6. Rest of Asia Pacific Postal Automation System Market
  • 8.5. Latin America Postal Automation System Market Snapshot
    • 8.5.1. Brazil Postal Automation System Market
    • 8.5.2. Mexico Postal Automation System Market
  • 8.6. Rest of The World Postal Automation System Market

Chapter 9. Competitive Intelligence

  • 9.1. Top Market Strategies
  • 9.2. Company Profiles
    • 9.2.1. Fluence Automation
      • 9.2.1.1. Key Information
      • 9.2.1.2. Overview
      • 9.2.1.3. Financial (Subject to Data Availability)
      • 9.2.1.4. Product Summary
      • 9.2.1.5. Recent Developments
    • 9.2.2. National Presort (NPI)
    • 9.2.3. GBI Intralogistics
    • 9.2.4. Falcon Autotech
    • 9.2.5. Planet Intelligent Systems
    • 9.2.6. Bastian Solutions
    • 9.2.7. Eurosort Systems
    • 9.2.8. ID Mail Systems
    • 9.2.9. Bowe Systec
    • 9.2.10. Parascript

Chapter 10. Research Process

  • 10.1. Research Process
    • 10.1.1. Data Mining
    • 10.1.2. Analysis
    • 10.1.3. Market Estimation
    • 10.1.4. Validation
    • 10.1.5. Publishing
  • 10.2. Research Attributes
  • 10.3. Research Assumption