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欧州における電力市場、電力価格およびデータセンター

Power Market, Power Pricing and Data Centres in Europe

発行 BroadGroup 商品コード 246688
出版日 ページ情報 英文 91 Pages; 56 Figures
納期: 即日から翌営業日
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欧州における電力市場、電力価格およびデータセンター Power Market, Power Pricing and Data Centres in Europe
出版日: 2012年06月30日 ページ情報: 英文 91 Pages; 56 Figures

当商品の販売は、2016年04月21日を持ちまして終了しました。

概要

データセンターの品質と可用性は、データセンターへの電力供給の品質と可用性に左右されます。2008年から2011年にかけて、欧州各国における電力価格は平均5.1%上昇しました。欧州はパワーグリッドおよび発電所インフラの老朽化によって、地域にわたるスマートグリッドのアップグレードが急務となっていますが、炭素ガス排出量削減とEUの「20-20-20」政策の圧力にもさらされています。

当レポートでは、欧州における電力市場、電力価格およびデータセンターの関連性について調査分析し、電力およびデータセンター市場の促進因子、データセンター向けエネルギーサプライチェーンモデル、利用エネルギー源、価格および規制に関する28カ国の国別分析、2015年までのEU諸国におけるデータセンターのエネルギー消費量予測などを提供しており、概略以下の構成でお届けいたします。

エグゼクティブサマリー

第1章 イントロダクション

  • エネルギーおよび電力の需要増加
  • データセンターおよび電力サプライチェーン

第2章 電力価格の概要

  • 欧州における電力価格のベンチマーク
  • 欧州の電力価格
  • 欧州28ヶ国のレビュー

第3章 電力:供給側面

  • 欧州の電力市場
  • 炭素ガス、原子力および再生可能エネルギー
  • 欧州の炭素ガス規制
  • 現在の電力インフラ開発

第4章 電力:データセンターの需要側面

  • データセンターのエネルギー需要・利用
  • 炭素ガスおよびデータセンター
  • 現在のデータセンター開発

第5章 電力:供給、需要および脆弱性

第6章 結論

付録

図表

目次

Abstract

Report Synopsis

image1

The quality and availability of the datacentre stands or falls with the quality and availability of the power supply to the datacentre.

Summarizing the dilemma for datacentres, this new report, the first to assess the relationship between the power markets and pricing with datacentres in Europe finds a market with no equal distribution of price and where electricity prices have increased by an average of 5.1% during the period 2008 - 2011.

In 2011, Malta, Cyprus and Italy where the most expensive countries for industrial user electricity prices. Bulgaria, Estonia and Finland were among the cheapest. Among the four countries with Tier 1 markets in Europe, France had the cheapest price despite increases over the previous four years.

The report describes the complex relationship between market drivers, the pressure to reduce carbon emissions and the EU 20-20-20 policy framework, within the context of an ageing power grid and power plant infrastructure. Weather also plays a role in influencing the availability of power. The need is urgent to upgrade to smart power grids across the region. Inevitably the investment requirement will put further pressure on prices.

A detailed explanation of the energy supply chain model for datacentres is provided and the difference between energy technologies and their impact on datacentres. Not all electricity-generating technologies have the same flexibility when it comes to balancing demand fluctuations or providing back-up capacity for variable renewables.

Importantly the report provides 28 individual country analyses of carbon and non-carbon sources of energy used, pricing and regulatory regime. Austria for example is dominated by hydro power and by 2015 utilities will be banned from purchasing electricity with nuclear certificates.

The report uses empirical data to project energy consumption by datacentres in EU countries by 2015.

EU Datacentres in 2012 find themselves in an uncomfortable position. Datacentres are critical to the competitive cloud economy that the EU 20-20-20 vision very much desires. Carbon emissions remain a top challenge. Innovation must therefore come from the use of new technologies to reduce energy consumption continuously within and between the datacentre. As the report points out, making servers, storage and the network in datacentres energy-proportional will help to achieve this objective.

At the same time, power grids in Europe are ageing, and 19 of the 28 EU countries covered in the report have more than a 50% dependency on carbon based fuels. The investment required to upgrade and replace European grid infrastructure is estimated at 1900bill euros. In Europe's current economic climate policymakers will need to decide on the strategic imperative for a competitive cloud economy and how it will foot the massive bill to power it.

Table of Contents

LIST OF FIGURES

LIST OF TABLES

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1 INTRODUCTION

  • The growing demand for Energy and Electricity
  • Data Centers and the Electricity Supply Chain

2 ELECTRICITY PRICE OVERVIEW

  • European Benchmark of Electricity Prices
  • European Electricity Prices
  • State of the Union - review of 28 countries

3 ELECTRICITY: THE SUPPLY SIDE

  • The European Electricity Market
  • Carbon, Nuclear and Renewable Energy
  • Carbon Regulation in the EU
  • Current Developments in Electricity Infrastructure

4 ELECTRICITY: THE DATA CENTER DEMAND SIDE

  • Data Center Energy Demand and Usage
  • Carbon and Data Centers
  • Current Data Center Developments

5 ELECTRICITY: SUPPLY, DEMAND AND VULNERABILITIES

6 CONCLUSIONS

APPENDIX

Table of Figures

  • Figure 1. Primary energy supply mix 1973, 2009. Source IEA
  • Figure 2. Electricity generation mix 1973, 2009. Source IEA
  • Figure 3. EU total energy consumption (TWh) 2000-2010, source Eurostat
  • Figure 4. EU Electricity production and consumption (TWh) 2000 - 2010, source Eurostat
  • Figure 5. The data center as an energy conversion machine
  • Figure 6. The electricity supply chain and the data center
  • Figure 7. Components electricity retail price
  • Figure 8. EU electricity price benchmark 2011, VAT excluded source Eurostat
  • Figure 9. Share of taxes (%) in total electricity price 2008-2011, source Eurostat
  • Figure 10. Change of taxes share (%) in total electricity price 2008-2011, source Eurostat
  • Figure 11. Share of network costs (%) in total electricity price for 2008 and 2009, source Eurostat
  • Figure 12. Change of share of network costs (%) during 2008 and 2009, source Eurostat
  • Figure 13. Electricity prices for industrial consumers (€ /kWh), 2011, source Eurostat
  • Figure 14. Price development electricity (%), 2008 - 2011, source Eurostat
  • Figure 15. EU Electricity prices for industrial consumers (€ /kWh), 2008 - 2011, source Eurostat
  • Figure 16. Long term development gross electricity generation (TWh), source Eurostat
  • Figure 17. Gross electricity generation (TWh), 2007 - 2010, source Eurostat
  • Figure 18. Final electricity consumption (TWh), 2007 - 2010, source Eurostat
  • Figure 19. EU shifting power capacity mix, source EWEA
  • Figure 20. EU Electricity production mix shares 2010, source Eurostat
  • Figure 21. Electricity production mix (Gwh) of the top producers in the EU 2010, source Eurostat
  • Figure 22. Electricity production mix (Gwh) of the smaller producers in the EU 2010, source Eurostat
  • Figure 23. EU renewable energy targets 2020 and the 2010 status, source Eurostat, EuroObserver
  • Figure 24. Number of nuclear power plants EOL with a forty-year life expectation scenario, source IAEA
  • Figure 25. Diminishing nuclear power (Mw) with a forty-year life expectation scenario, source IAEA
  • Figure 26. Carbon price trend EEX market, source EEX
  • Figure 27. Legislative framework of EU energy policy
  • Figure 28. Merit order shift
  • Figure 29. Smart Grid deployment priorities
  • Figure 30. Yearly Carbon costs scenarios for a 5 MW data center
  • Figure 31. Electricity price driver
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