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市場調査レポート

バイオ精製技術:世界市場

Biorefinery Technologies: Global Markets

発行 BCC Research 商品コード 54279
出版日 ページ情報 英文 315 Pages
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バイオ精製技術:世界市場 Biorefinery Technologies: Global Markets
出版日: 2016年07月14日 ページ情報: 英文 315 Pages
概要

世界のバイオ精製技術市場は、2016年から2021年にかけて8.9%のCAGR (年間複合成長率) で推移し、2016年の4億6,660万米ドルから、2021年までに7億1,460万米ドルへ拡大すると予測されています。

当レポートでは、世界のバイオ精製技術市場における技術経済・環境分析を提供しており、世界市場の動向分析、バイオマス変換プロセス・装置の予測、各プラットフォームに基づいたバイオ精製の見通し、詳細な特許分析・研究開発のアップデート、および主要企業のプロファイルなど、体系的な情報を提供しています。

第1章 イントロダクション

第2章 サマリー

第3章 概要

  • イントロダクション
  • 産業の定義
  • バイオ精製アプリケーションの世界市場
  • エネルギー製品:産業アプリケーション別
  • 非エネルギー製品:産業アプリケーション別
  • 市場浸透
  • バイオ精製技術サプライチェーンの概要
  • バイオマスバリューチェーン転換プロセスの概要
  • バイオ精製技術の将来

第4章 物理化学プラットフォームの需要

  • イントロダクション
  • 物理化学技術プラットフォームの需要:製品区分別
  • 特殊/ファインケミカル製造:物理化学変換別
  • バイオポリマー・バイオプラスチック製造:物理化学技術別
  • バイオ複合材料の生産技術
  • 植物油燃料技術
  • バイオディーゼル技術
  • ハーブ/植物・植物化学物質
  • ハーブ/植物・植物化学物質技術:抽出法別

第5章 生物学的プラットフォームの需要

  • イントロダクション
  • 発酵技術の需要:製品区分別
  • バイオエタノール製造:技術別
  • 発酵性バイオガスの製造技術
  • 発酵由来製品 (バイオエタノール除く)
  • バイオ変換技術の需要:カテゴリー別
  • バイオ変換技術:化学タイプ別
  • バイオ変換技術:医薬品有効成分 (API) の種類別
  • バイオ変換技術:薬剤の種類別
  • バイオ変換技術:特殊/ファインケミカルの種類別
  • バイオ変換技術:ポリマーの種類別
  • バイオ燃料技術
  • バイオ燃料生産:微細藻類の培養池設計別
  • バイオ燃料生産技術:微細藻類のオペレーション形態の種類別
  • バイオ燃料生産技術:微細藻類の抽出技術種類別

第6章 熱化学技術プラットフォームの需要

  • イントロダクション
  • 熱化学技術プラットフォームの需要:変換の種類別
  • 産業用直接バイオマス燃焼反応技術
  • バイオマスガス化反応技術
  • 熱分解技術
  • 水熱液化技術
  • 熱化学技術プラットフォームの需要:エネルギー回収技術の種類別

第7章 ハイブリッドプラットフォームの需要

  • イントロダクション
  • ハイブリッドプラットフォームの需要:コンビネーション別

第8章 技術開発

  • イントロダクション
  • 先進バイオ精製技術
  • 先進バイオ精製プラントの規模
  • 先進バイオ精製技術が衣鉢
  • 世界経済のなかのバイオ精製技術
  • バイオ精製技術の開発と重要性
  • 生物学的プラットフォームの開発
  • セルロース技術の開発
  • 木材またはわらからのバイオエタノール:酵素加水分解
  • ・発行製造技術別
  • 最も有望な前処理技術
  • 熱化学プラットフォームの開発
  • 物理化学プラットフォームの開発
  • ハイブリッドプラットフォームの開発
  • 特許評価・分析

第9章 産業構造・競合環境

  • イントロダクション

第10章 国際的な検討事項

  • イントロダクション

第11章 規制・法律

  • イントロダクション

第12章 企業プロファイル

  • 生物学的技術プラットフォーム企業
  • 物理化学プラットフォーム技術企業
  • 熱化学プラットフォーム企業
  • ハイブリッド技術プラットフォーム企業
  • バイオ精製技術インテグレーター

このページに掲載されている内容は最新版と異なる場合があります。詳細はお問い合わせください。

目次
Product Code: EGY054C

REPORT HIGHLIGHTS

The global market for Biorefinery technologies will grow from $466.6 million in 2016 to $714.6 million by 2021, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 8.9% for the period of 2016-2021.

This report provides:

  • A complete techno-economic and environmental analysis of industrial biorefineries, which have been identified as the most promising route to the creation of a domestic bio-based industry
  • Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2014 to 2016, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2021.
  • Coverage of all biomass fractionation and conversion technologies
  • Forecasts for biomass conversion processes and equipment to produce fuels, power, and chemicals from biomass
  • Identification of feedstocks, chemical products, and transportation fuels
  • Evaluations of the prospects for biorefineries built on different "platforms," such as the "sugar platform," based on fermentation of sugars extracted from biomass feedstocks, versus the "syngas platform," based on thermochemical conversion processes
  • Detailed patent analysis and a research-and-development update
  • Company profiles of major players in the industry.

SCOPE OF THE REPORT

The report starts with an overview that provides the background of the industry and reports on market trends. It also indicates the importance of the industry and the ways in which biorefinery technologies fit into the global economy. It also quantifies staffing and salary, professions, carriers, occupations, new product development and market penetration. It then presents the relative percentage contribution of each of the identified platforms with forecasts to 2021.

Chapter Four quantifies the demand for the physicochemical technology platform, including processes (e.g., pressing, pretreatment, milling, separation, distillation) that do not change the chemical structure of the biomass components, but perform a size reduction or a separation of feedstock components and chemical processes (e.g., hydrolysis, transesterification, hydrogenation, oxidation, pulping) in which a chemical change in the substrate occurs.

Chapter Five quantifies the demand for the biological technology platform, including industrial microbiological processes such as anaerobic digestion, anaerobic fermentation, enzymatic conversion that occur under mild operating conditions (e.g., lower temperature and pressure) using microorganisms or enzymes.

Chapter Six quantifies the demand for the thermochemical technology platform, including pyrolysis; gasification, hydrothermal upgrading and combustion, including processes in which feedstock undergoes extreme conditions (e.g., high temperature and/or pressure, with or without a catalytic means).

Chapter Seven identifies and quantifies the demand for the hybrid technology platform including biological transformation (fermentation) of biomass gasification-derived syngas to alcohols, thermochemical catalytic transformation of biochemical platform-produced sugars (and perhaps other solubilized carbon species) to hydrocarbon biofuels and thermochemical catalytic transformation of biochemical platform produced alcohols such as ethanol or butanol into hydrocarbon biofuels

Chapter Eight presents the development of advanced biorefinery technologies and process developments and includes an evaluation of major patents and company shares.

Chapter Nine describes the biorefinery technology industry structure. It considers a number of influencing factors, including macro factors that affect the global economy and the agricultural economy in particular, and industry-specific factors such as the public acceptance of biorefinery products. Consideration has also been given to the development of the industry over the period since 2013 and the forces that have led to its ongoing restructuring. It also assesses the rise of bio-based companies; outsourcing; adding value through improved formulations, drop-ins and additives; and the streamlining of product portfolios

Chapter Ten discusses the macroeconomic aspects and energy perspective and geographical diversification of the major international trends.

Chapter Eleven analyzes the future of the regulation and legislation of the biorefinery industry.

The report concludes with a chapter that contains comprehensive profiles of the relevant companies involved in biorefinery technologies, including biorefinery technology integrators that currently have assets that can be deployed to transform biomass feedstocks.

ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS

Edward Gobina is a Full U.K. Professor of Chemical and Processing Engineering with 32 years of research and teaching experience in environmental engineering, petrochemical reaction engineering and catalytic membrane-reactor technology. His scientific achievements are archived in more than 300 scientific articles and are found in more than 25 granted patents, 30 patent applications and 100 invited and guest speaker presentations, as well as contributed presentations and prestigious refereed scientific journals, newsletters, proceedings and reviews. He has been a project analyst for BCC Research since 1998 and has authored more than 26 BCC Research reports. His reports have provided the critical links in the entire chemical and energy infrastructure chain occasioned from hydrogen to advanced oil and gas exploitation, sensors and monitoring, and LNG infrastructure. Professor Gobina is a member of the European Membrane Society (EMS), the North American Membrane Society (NAMS) and the New York Academy of Sciences (NYAS). He is the current director of the Centre for Process Integration and Membrane Technology (CPIMT) within the School of Engineering at the Robert Gordon University in the U.K.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION

  • STUDY GOAL AND OBJECTIVES
  • REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
  • INTENDED AUDIENCE
  • ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
  • RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
  • METHODOLOGY
  • SCOPE OF THE REPORT
  • BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
  • DISCLAIMER

CHAPTER 2 - SUMMARY

  • SUMMARY TABLE: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES BY TYPE OF PLATFORM, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
  • SUMMARY FIGURE: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES BY TYPE OF PLATFORM, 2013--2021 ($ BILLIONS)

CHAPTER 3 - OVERVIEW

  • INTRODUCTION
    • TABLE 1: GENERALIZED BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGY CONFIGURATIONS
  • INDUSTRY DEFINITION
    • TABLE 2: BIOREFINERY SYSTEM CLASSIFICATION USING CURRENT METHODS
    • TABLE 3: GENERALIZED BIOREFINERY OUTLINE USING CURRENT METHODS
  • GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOREFINERY APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 4: GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS OF BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES BY PRODUCT TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
  • ENERGY PRODUCTS BY INDUSTRY APPLICATION
    • Global Petroleum Demand
    • Global Natural Gas Demand
    • Global Power/Heat Demand
    • Global Coal Demand
      • TABLE 5: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES USED TO PROCESS ENERGY PRODUCTS BY INDUSTRY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
  • NON-ENERGY PRODUCTS BY INDUSTRY APPLICATION
    • Global Chemical Demand
    • Global Plastics/Polymers Demand
    • Global Composite Materials Demand
    • Global Pharmaceutical Demand
      • TABLE 6: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES USED TO PROCESS NON-ENERGY PRODUCTS BY INDUSTRY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
  • MARKET PENETRATION
    • TABLE 7: GLOBAL BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES MARKET PENETRATION, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 8: MAJOR BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM ACTIVITIES AND PRODUCTS
  • OVERVIEW OF THE BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGY SUPPLY CHAIN
    • TABLE 9: ENERGETIC AND NON-ENERGETIC FOREST BIOREFINERY SUPPLY CHAIN
  • OVERVIEW OF THE BIOMASS VALUE CHAIN CONVERSION PROCESS
    • TABLE 10: OVERVIEW OF THE BIOMASS VALUE CHAIN CONVERSION PROCESS
    • TABLE 11: LIGNOCELLULOSIC BIOMASS VALUE CHAIN CONVERSION PROCESS
    • TABLE 12: PROCESSES USED AND PRODUCTS EXTRACTED FROM PLANTS
  • LARGE-VOLUME OILS
    • SMALL-VOLUME OILS
      • FIGURE 1: VALUE CHAIN OF THE NATURAL INGREDIENT INDUSTRY
    • OVERVIEW OF INDUSTRY AND MATERIAL USES
      • TABLE 13: OVERVIEW OF INDUSTRIAL AND MATERIAL USE OF BIO-BASED RAW MATERIALS
    • OVERVIEW OF BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGY CONVERSION ROUTES
      • TABLE 14: BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGY CONVERSION ROUTES OF PLANT BIOMASS
    • BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGY MARKET FEATURES AND RELATIVE SUBGROUPS
      • TABLE 15: BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES APPROACHES: MARKET FEATURES AND RELATIVE SUBGROUPS
    • IMPORTANCE OF BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES
      • TABLE 16: PRIMARY BIOREFINERY CONVERSION TECHNOLOGIES TO CRUDE PRODUCTS
    • SECONDARY AND TERTIARY BIOREFINERY TRANSFORMATION TECHNOLOGY TO PRODUCT
      • TABLE 17: SECONDARY AND TERTIARY BIOREFINERY TRANSFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES TO PRODUCT
    • VALUE-ADDED BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGY OPPORTUNITIES
      • TABLE 18: EFFECTIVE H/C RATIO IN RELATION TO THE BIOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM AND ITS INTERMEDIATES
      • TABLE 19: HYDROGEN TO CARBON RATIO STAIRCASE FOR FOSSIL FUEL FEEDSTOCKS
    • SELECTED JOBS IN ADVANCED BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES
      • TABLE 20: SELECTED EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES AMONG ADVANCED BIOREFINERY COMPANIES
    • PROFESSIONS, OCCUPATIONS, CAREERS AND WAGES IN BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGY
      • TABLE 21: STAFFING AND SALARY PROJECTIONS FOR A PROTOTYPE 10-MILLION-GALLON-PER-YEAR RURAL BIOREFINERY, THROUGH 2020 ($ THOUSANDS)
    • Science Professions: Occupations, Careers and Wages
      • TABLE 22: SELECTED SCIENCE OCCUPATIONS AND MEDIAN ANNUAL WAGES, THROUGH 2021 ($ THOUSANDS)
    • Engineering and Mapping Professions: Occupations, Careers and Wages
      • TABLE 23: SELECTED ENGINEERING AND MAPPING OCCUPATIONS AND MEDIAN ANNUAL WAGES, THROUGH 2021 ($ THOUSANDS)
    • Construction and Material-Moving Professions: Occupations, Careers and Wages
      • TABLE 24: SELECTED CONSTRUCTION AND MATERIAL-MOVING OCCUPATIONS AND MEDIAN ANNUAL WAGES, THROUGH 2021 ($ THOUSANDS)
    • Industrial Microbiology Professions: Occupations, Careers and Wages
      • TABLE 25: SELECTED INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY OCCUPATIONS AND MEDIAN ANNUAL WAGES, THROUGH 2021 ($ THOUSANDS)
    • Agriculture Professions: Occupations, Careers and Wages
      • TABLE 26: SELECTED AGRICULTURE OCCUPATIONS AND MEDIAN ANNUAL WAGES, THROUGH 2021 ($ THOUSANDS)
    • Production Professions: Occupations, Careers and Wages
      • TABLE 27: SELECTED PRODUCTION OCCUPATIONS AND MEDIAN ANNUAL WAGES, THROUGH 2021 ($ THOUSANDS)
    • Sales Professions: Occupations, Careers and Wages
      • TABLE 28: SELECTED SALES OCCUPATIONS AND MEDIAN ANNUAL WAGES, THROUGH 2021 ($ THOUSANDS)
    • Management and Business Specialist Professions: Occupations, Careers and Wages
      • TABLE 29: SELECTED MANAGEMENT AND BUSINESS SPECIALIST OCCUPATIONS AND MEDIAN ANNUAL WAGES, THROUGH 2021 ($ THOUSANDS)
    • Mechanics and Maintenance Professions: Occupations, Careers and Wages
      • TABLE 30: SELECTED MECHANIC AND MAINTENANCE OCCUPATIONS AND MEDIAN ANNUAL WAGES, THROUGH 2021 ($ THOUSANDS)
    • HISTORY OF BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES AND MATURITY STATUS
      • TABLE 31: RFS2 DATA, CONVENTIONAL BIOFUEL AND ADVANCED BIOFUEL (BILLION GALLONS)
      • TABLE 32: BIOMASS CONVERSION TECHNOLOGY MATURITY STATUS
    • ANTICIPATED CHEMICAL AND MATERIAL DEVELOPMENT PATHWAY BY KEY FEEDSTOCK
      • TABLE 33: ANTICIPATED CHEMICAL AND MATERIAL DEVELOPMENT PATHWAY BY KEY FEEDSTOCK
    • U.S. GOVERNMENT SUPPORT FOR BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES
      • TABLE 34: U.S. FEDERAL FUNDING FOR ADVANCED BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES, 2007-2014 ($ MILLIONS)
      • TABLE 35: U.S. FEDERAL AND PUBLIC FUNDING FOR ADVANCED BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES 2015-2016 ($ MILLIONS)
    • OVERVIEW OF IMPORTANT DEVELOPMENTS IN BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES
      • TABLE 36: IMPORTANT DEVELOPMENTS IN BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES
  • FUTURE OF BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES
    • MACROECONOMIC OVERVIEW
      • TABLE 37: REAL GDP AND INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION GROWTH, THROUGH 2021 (% CHANGE ON PREVIOUS YEAR)
    • OVERVIEW OF GLOBAL DEMAND FOR BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES
      • TABLE 38: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES BY TYPE OF PLATFORM, THROUGH 2021 (%)

CHAPTER 4 - DEMAND FOR THE PHYSICOCHEMICAL PLATFORM

  • INTRODUCTION
    • TABLE 39: PHYSICOCHEMICAL CONVERSION OF BUILDING-BLOCK CHEMICALS, THEIR DERIVATIVES AND POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS
    • FIGURE 2: BASIC OLEOCHEMICAL, DOWNSTREAM OLEOCHEMICAL AND DERIVATIVE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY
    • FIGURE 3: TRANSESTERIFICATION AND EPOXIDATION, HYDROFORMYLATION AND METATHESIS REACTIONS
    • FIGURE 4: BASIC OLEOCHEMICAL AND DOWNSTREAM OLEOCHEMICAL PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY
  • DEMAND FOR THE PHYSICOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM BY PRODUCT SEGMENT
    • TABLE 40: GLOBAL MARKET FOR THE PHYSICOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM BY PRODUCT SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
  • SPECIALTY/FINE CHEMICALS PRODUCTION BY PHYSICOHEMICAL TRANSFORMATION
    • Biopesticides
    • Glycerol
    • Biosolvents
    • Biolubricants
    • Lignin and Specialty Cellulose
    • Antioxidants
    • Detergent Alcohols and Fatty Acids
      • TABLE 41: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIO-DERIVED FINE CHEMICALS PRODUCED BY PHYSICOCHEMICAL CONVERSION TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
  • BIOPOLYMERS AND BIOPLASTICS PRODUCTION BY PHYSICOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY
    • Caustic Oxidation Technology
    • Oleic Acid and Ozonolysis Technology
    • Oleic Acid and Dimerization Technology
    • Oxidation and Epoxidation Epoxy Ring Opening Technology
      • TABLE 42: GLOBAL MARKET FOR LIPID CONVERSION BIOPOLYMER/ BIOPLASTIC BUILDING-BLOCK TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
  • BIOCOMPOSITE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 43: BIOCOMPOSITE TECHNOLOGY VALUE ADDITION
    • Natural Fiber Process Techniques and Applications
      • TABLE 44: NATURAL FIBER PROCESS TECHNIQUES AND APPLICATIONS
    • Biocomposite Structure
      • TABLE 45: BIOCOMPOSITE PRODUCT STRUCTURE
    • Biocomposites by Processing Technology
      • TABLE 46: BIOCOMPOSITE PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY
    • Processing Techniques
      • Resin Transfer Molding and Vacuum Injection Technology
      • Sheet Molding Compound Technology
      • Vacuum Pressing Technology
      • Sandwich Technology
        • TABLE 47: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOCOMPOSITE TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
    • Biocomposites by Type of Production Technology
      • Thermoset
      • Thermoplastic
        • TABLE 48: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOCOMPOSITE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
  • VEGETABLE OIL FUEL TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 49: GLOBAL MARKET FOR VEGETABLE OIL FUEL TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
    • Straight Vegetable Oil Technology
      • Single-Tank System Technology
      • Two-Tank System Technology
        • TABLE 50: GLOBAL MARKET FOR STRAIGHT VEGETABLE OIL ENGINE TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
    • Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil Technology
      • TABLE 51: CURRENT GLOBAL ANNUAL PRODUCTION CAPACITY OF HVO DROP-IN BIOFUELS
    • Diesel Technology
      • Jet Technology
        • TABLE 52: GLOBAL MARKET FOR HYDROGENATED VEGETABLE OIL FUEL BY TYPE OF ENGINE TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
  • BIODIESEL TECHNOLOGY
    • FIGURE 5 CHEMICAL PROCESSES FOR METHYL OR ETHYL ESTER BIODIESEL PRODUCTION AND PRODUCT YIELDS
    • TABLE 53: BIODIESEL BY ESTERIFICATION OF VEGETABLE OIL PRODUCTION
    • Biodiesel Technology by Type of Feedstock
      • TABLE 54: FLOW CHART OF PHYSICOCHEMICAL PRODUCTION OF BIODIESEL
    • Alcohol and Catalyst Mixing Technology
    • Chemical Reaction Technology
    • Separation Technology
    • Alcohol Removal Technology
    • Glycerin Neutralization Technology
    • Methyl Ester Wash Technology
    • Product Quality Technology
      • TABLE 55: GLOBAL MARKET FOR VEGETABLE OIL IN BIODIESEL PRODUCTION BY TYPE OF FEEDSTOCK TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 (THOUSAND METRIC TONS)
    • Biodiesel Production by Type of Esterification Technology
      • TABLE 56: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIODIESEL BY TYPE OF ESTERIFICATION TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
    • Biodiesel Technology by Type of Catalyst
      • Base-Catalyzed Transesterification Technology
      • Acid-Catalyzed Transesterification Technology
      • Enzyme-Catalyzed Biodiesel Technology
    • Other Alternative Catalysts
      • Solid Heterogeneous Catalysts
      • Supercritical Methanol
        • TABLE 57: GLOBAL MARKET FOR PHYSICOCHEMICAL CATALYSIS OF BIODIESEL BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
  • HERBS/BOTANICALS AND PHYTOCHEMICALS
    • TABLE 58: GLOBAL MARKET FOR HERBAL/BOTANICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
    • Drugs Derived from Plant Root Technology
      • Aconite
      • Colchicum
      • Gentian
      • Goldenseal
      • Ginseng
      • Ipecac
      • Jalap
      • Licorice
      • Podophyllum
      • Rhubarb
      • Squills
      • Senega
      • Valerian
      • Lonchocarpus
      • Derris
      • Rotenone
        • TABLE 59: GLOBAL MARKET FOR HERBAL/BOTANICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF PLANT ROOT, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
    • Drugs Derived from the Bark of Plant Technology
      • Sangre de Grado
      • Cascara
      • Curare
      • Quinine
      • Slippery Elm
        • TABLE 60: GLOBAL MARKET FOR HERBAL/BOTANICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF PLANT BARK, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
    • Drugs Derived from Stem and Wood Technology
      • Ephedrine
      • Guiacum
      • Quassia
        • TABLE 61: GLOBAL MARKET FOR HERBAL/BOTANICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF STEM AND WOOD, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
    • Drugs Derived from Plant Leaf Technology
      • Aloe
      • Belladonna
      • Cocaine
      • Buchu
      • Digitalis
      • Eucalyptus
      • Hamamelis
      • Henbane
      • Hoarhound
      • Lobelia
      • Pennyroyal
      • Senna
      • Stramonium
      • Wormwood
        • TABLE 62: GLOBAL MARKET FOR HERBAL/BOTANICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF PLANT LEAF, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
    • Drugs Derived from Flower Technology
      • Pyrethrum
      • Chamomile
      • Hops
      • Santonin
      • Red Squill
        • TABLE 63: GLOBAL MARKET FOR HERBAL/BOTANICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF PLANT FLOWER, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
    • Drugs Derived from Fruit and Seed Technology
      • Chaulmoogra Oil
      • Colocynth
      • Cubebs
      • Croton Oil
      • Nux Vomica
      • Opium
      • Psyllium
      • Strophanthus
      • Wormseed
        • TABLE 64: GLOBAL MARKET FOR HERBAL/BOTANICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF PLANT FRUIT AND SEED, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
    • Drugs Derived from Rhizome Technology
      • Gingerroot
      • Galangal
        • Galangal Varieties
      • Turmeric
        • TABLE 65: GLOBAL MARKET FOR HERBAL/BOTANICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF PLANT RHIZOME, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
    • Drugs Derived from Lower Plant Technology
      • Antibiotics
      • Agar
      • Ergot
      • Kelp
      • Lycopodium
      • Male Fern
        • TABLE 66: GLOBAL MARKET FOR HERBAL/BOTANICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF LOWER PLANT, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
  • HERBAL/BOTANICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY BY EXTRACTION METHOD
    • Cold Pressing Technology
    • Water-Extraction Technology
      • Water Maceration
      • Water/Steam Distillation
    • Enfleurage Technology
    • Low-Boiling Solvent Extraction Technology
    • Drying
      • TABLE 67: GLOBAL MARKET FOR HERBAL/BOTANICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL COMPOUNDS BY EXTRACTION TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)

CHAPTER 5 - DEMAND FOR THE BIOLOGICAL PLATFORM

  • INTRODUCTION
    • TABLE 68: GLOBAL MARKET FOR THE BIOLOGICAL PLATFORM BY TYPE OF TRANSFORMATION, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 69: BIOTECHNOLOGY SEGMENTS
    • TABLE 70: BIOLOGICAL CONVERSION FOR CHEMICAL BUILDING BLOCKS, THEIR DERIVATIVES AND THEIR POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS
    • FIGURE 6: BIOTECHNICAL SYNTHESIS OF END PRODUCTS AND INTERMEDIATES FOR THE CHEMICAL, MATERIAL, FUEL, AND ENERGY INDUSTRIES
  • DEMAND FOR FERMENTATION TECHNOLOGY BY PRODUCT SEGMENT
    • TABLE 71: GLOBAL MARKET FOR FERMENTATIVE TECHNOLOGY BY PRODUCT SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
  • BIOETHANOL PRODUCTION BY TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 72: GLOBAL MARKET FOR FEEDSTOCK IN BIOETHANOL PRODUCTION, THROUGH 2021 (THOUSAND METRIC TONS)
  • Bioethanol Production by Type of Malting Technology
    • Wheat Malting Technology
    • Barley Malting Technology
      • TABLE 73: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOETHANOL PRODUCTION BY MALTING TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
  • Bioethanol Production by Type of Corn Milling Technology
    • Corn Wet Milling Technology
    • Corn Dry Milling Technology
      • TABLE 74: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOETHANOL PRODUCTION BY TYPE OF CORN MILLING TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
  • Bioethanol Production by Type of Sugar Feedstock Technology
    • Sugarcane
    • Sugar Beet
    • Sorghum
      • TABLE 75: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOETHANOL PRODUCTION BY TYPE OF SUGAR FEEDSTOCK TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
  • Bioethanol by Type of Cellulosic Feedstock Technology
    • Agricultural Residue Technology
    • Organic Landfill Waste Technology
    • Algae Technology
    • Grass Technology
    • Wood Technology
      • TABLE 76: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOETHANOL PRODUCTION BY TYPE OF CELLULOSIC FEEDSTOCK TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
  • Bioethanol Production by Type of Cellulosic Hydrolysis Technology
    • Biochemical Cellulosic Hydrolysis
    • Chemical Cellulosic Hydrolysis
      • TABLE 77: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOETHANOL PRODUCTION BY TYPE OF CELLULOSIC HYDROLYSIS TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
  • Bioethanol by Type of Dehydration Technology
    • Azeotropic Distillation Technology
    • Molecular Sieve Technology
    • Membrane Technology
      • TABLE 78: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOETHANOL BY TYPE OF DEHYDRATION TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
  • FERMENTATIVE BIOGAS PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 79: GLOBAL MARKET FOR FERMENTATIVE BIOGAS PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF ENVIRONMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 80: MICROBIAL GROUPS INVOLVED IN ENVIRONMENTAL REMEDIATION
  • Anaerobic Digestion Technology
    • TABLE 81: ANAEROBIC DIGESTION TECHNOLOGY
  • Manure Digestion Technology
    • Wastewater Treatment Technology
      • TABLE 82: GLOBAL MARKET FOR ANAEROBIC DIGESTION TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF ENVIRONMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
  • Landfill Technology
    • Anaerobic Technology
    • Aerobic Technology
      • TABLE 83: GLOBAL MARKET FOR LANDFILL BIOGAS BY TYPE OF ENVIRONMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
  • Biogas Recovery and Purification Technology
    • TABLE 84: SULFUR REMOVAL TECHNOLOGY
    • Amine Purification Technology
    • Adsorption Technology
    • Cryogenic Technology
    • Membrane Technology
    • Combined Process Technologies
      • TABLE 85: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOGAS BY TYPE OF RECOVERY AND PURIFICATION TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
  • FERMENTATION-DERIVED PRODUCTS (EXCLUDING BIOETHANOL)
    • Crude Antibiotic Technology
    • Amino Acid Technology
    • Biocatalytic Technology
    • Organic Acid Technology
      • TABLE 86: GLOBAL INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION OF ORGANIC ACID FROM BIOMASS FEEDSTOCKS
  • Xanthan Technology
    • Vitamin Technology
      • TABLE 87: GLOBAL MARKET FOR FERMENTATION-DERIVED SPECIALTY/FINE CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
  • DEMAND FOR BIOTRANSFORMATION TECHNOLOGY BY CATEGORY
    • TABLE 88: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOTRANSFORMATION TECHNOLOGY BY PRODUCT CATEGORY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)*
  • BIOTRANSFORMATION TECHNOLOGY BY CHEMICAL TYPE
    • TABLE 89: VALUE-ADDED BIOCHEMICALS POTENTIALLY DERIVED FROM CELLULOSE, HEMICELLULOSE AND LIGNIN (LIGNOCELLULOSIC BIOMASS)
  • Diacids
  • Levulinic Acid
  • 2, 5-Furan Dicarboxylic Acid (FDCA)
  • Glucaric Acid
    • Aspartic Acid
  • Muconic Acid
  • Others
    • TABLE 90: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOTRANSFORMATION TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF CHEMICAL, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
  • BIOTRANSFORMATION TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF ACTIVE PHARMACEUTICAL INGREDIENT
    • TABLE 91: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOTRANSFORMATION TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF ACTIVE PHARMACEUTICAL INGREDIENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
  • BIOTRANSFORMATION TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF DRUG
    • First-Generation Biodrug Technology
    • Second-Generation Biodrug Technology
      • TABLE 92: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOTRANSFORMATION TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF DRUG, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
  • BIOTRANSFORMATION TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF SPECIALTY/FINE CHEMICAL
    • Biosurfactants
    • Bioremediation
    • Biofertilizers
      • TABLE 93: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOTRANSFORMATION TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF SPECIALTY/FINE CHEMICAL, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
  • BIOTRANSFORMATION TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF POLYMER
    • TABLE 94: BIOTRANSFORMATION OF POLYMERS
    • Polylactic Acid Production from Biomass
      • FIGURE 7: POLYLACTIC ACID PRODUCTION FROM BIOMASS
    • Production of 1, 3-Propanediol
      • FIGURE 8: BIO-BASED ROUTES TO 1, 3-PROPANEDIOL
    • Polyhydroxyalkanoates
    • Plastics Directly from Plants
    • Vinyl Polymers
      • TABLE 95: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOTRANSFORMATION OF POLYMERS BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
    • Bio-based Polyethylene (PE)
    • Bio-based Polypropylene
    • Bio-based Polyvinyl Chloride
      • TABLE 96: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOTRANSFORMATION OF VINYL POLYMER BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
  • BIOFUEL TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 97: BIOFUEL PRODUCTION VIA BIOTRANSFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
    • Biodiesel Technology
    • Bioethanol Technology
    • Biogas Technology
    • Biobutanol Technology
      • TABLE 98: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOTRANSFORMATION TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF BIOFUEL, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
  • BIOFUEL PRODUCTION BY TYPE OF MICROALGAE POND DESIGN
    • Open Ponds
    • Enclosed Ponds
    • Plate Reactor
      • TABLE 99: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOFUEL PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF MICROALGAE POND DESIGN, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
  • BIOFUEL PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF MICROALGAE MODE OF OPERATION
    • Continuous Mode
    • Batch Mode
      • TABLE 100: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOTRANSFORMATION TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF MICROALGAE BY MODE OF OPERATION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
  • BIOFUEL PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF MICROALGAE EXTRACTION TECHNOLOGY
    • Solvent-Based Technology
    • Microwave-Assisted Extraction Technology
    • Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction Technology
    • Supercritical Extraction Technology
    • Autoclave Technology
    • Enzyme-Assisted Extraction Technology
    • Extraction-Assisted Mechanical Destruction Technology
      • TABLE 101: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOFUEL PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF MICROALGAE EXTRACTION TECHNOLOGY THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)

CHAPTER 6 - DEMAND FOR THE THERMOCHEMICAL PLATFORM

  • INTRODUCTION
    • TABLE 102: THERMOCHEMICAL CONVERSION FOR POWER, HEAT, CHEMICAL FEEDSTOCKS AND FUEL
  • DEMAND FOR THE THERMOCHEMICAL PLATFORM BY TYPE OF CONVERSION
    • TABLE 103: GLOBAL MARKET FOR THERMOCHEMICAL PLATFORM BY TYPE OF CONVERSION, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
  • INDUSTRIAL DIRECT BIOMASS COMBUSTION REACTOR TECHNOLOGY
    • Fixed-Bed Combustion Technology
    • Fluidized-Bed Combustion Technology
    • Pulverized Bed Combustion Technology
    • Incineration Technology
      • TABLE 104: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOMASS INDUSTRIAL DIRECT COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF REACTOR, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
  • BIOMASS GASIFICATION REACTOR TECHNOLOGY
    • Fixed-Bed Gasification Technology
    • Fluidized-Bed Gasification Technology
      • TABLE 105: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOMASS GASIFICATION BY TYPE OF REACTOR TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
  • PYROLYSIS TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 106: COMMERCIAL AND PRE-COMMERCIAL (?50 TONS PER DAY) BIO-OIL FACILITIES
    • Conventional Pyrolysis Technology
    • Fast Pyrolysis Technology
      • TABLE 107: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOMASS PYROLYSIS TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
  • HYDROTHERMAL LIQUEFACTION TECHNOLOGY
    • HTU Technology
    • High-Pressure (Hydrothermal) Liquefaction Technology
      • TABLE 108: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOMASS HYDROTHERMAL LIQUEFACTION TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
  • DEMAND FOR THERMOCHEMICAL PLATFORM BY TYPE OF ENERGY RECOVERY TECHNOLOGY
    • WASTE-TO-ENERGY
    • POWER GENERATION
      • TABLE 109: GLOBAL MARKET FOR THERMOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM BY TYPE OF ENERGY RECOVERY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)

CHAPTER 7 - DEMAND FOR THE HYBRID PLATFORM

  • INTRODUCTION
    • TABLE 110: HYBRID BIOREFINERY PLATFORMS
  • DEMAND FOR HYBRID TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM BY COMBINATION
    • SYNGAS FERMENTATION
    • ZEACHEM PROCESS
    • AQUEOUS PHASE REFORMING AND THE VIRENT PROCESS
    • ALCOHOL-TO-JET PROCESS
      • TABLE 111: GLOBAL MARKET FOR HYBRID TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM BY TYPE OF COMBINATION, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)

CHAPTER 8 - TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS

  • INTRODUCTION
    • TABLE 112: METHODS FOR CONVERTING DIFFERENT BIOMASS SOURCES INTO BIOPRODUCTS
    • TABLE 113: CONVERSION OF BIOMASS TO BIO-BASED PRODUCTS
  • ADVANCED BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 114: DESCRIPTION OF AN ADVANCED BIOREFINERY PLANT
  • SIZE RANGE OF ADVANCED BIOREFINERY PLANT
    • TABLE 115: ADVANCED BIOREFINERY PLANTS BY PLANT SIZE RANGE SORTED BY TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM (NUMBER OF PLANTS)
  • ADVANCED BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT
    • TABLE 116: ADVANCED BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT
  • BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGY WITHIN THE GLOBAL ECONOMY
    • TABLE 117: BIO-DERIVED PRODUCTS WITHIN THE ECONOMY
  • BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES DEVELOPMENT AND SIGNIFICANCE
    • TABLE 118: BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES DEVELOPMENT AND SIGNIFICANCE
  • BIOLOGICAL PLATFORM DEVELOPMENTS
    • TABLE 119: BIOLOGICAL PLATFORM DEVELOPMENTS (TONS PER YEAR)
  • CELLULOSIC TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT
    • TABLE 120: INTEGRATED CELLULOSIC ETHANOL BIOREFINERY
  • BIOETHANOL FROM WOOD OR STRAW BY ENZYMATIC HYDROLYSIS AND FERMENTATION PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 121: BIOETHANOL FROM WOOD STRAW BY ACID HYDROLYSIS AND FERMENTATION TECHNOLOGY
  • MOST PROMISING PRETREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES
    • Pretreatment
    • Hydrolysis
      • TABLE 122: MOST PROMISING PRETREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES BY METHOD OF PRETREATMENT
  • THERMOCHEMICAL PLATFORM DEVELOPMENTS
  • TABLE 123: THERMOCHEMICAL PLATFORM DEVELOPMENTS
  • PHYSICOCHEMICAL PLATFORM DEVELOPMENTS
    • TABLE 124: PHYSICOCHEMICAL PLATFORM DEVELOPMENTS (TONS PER YEAR)
  • HYBRID PLATFORM DEVELOPMENTS
    • TABLE 125: HYBRID PLATFORM DEVELOPMENTS
  • PATENT EVALUATION AND ANALYSIS

CHAPTER 9 - INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND COMPETITIVE ENVIRONMENT

  • INTRODUCTION
    • TABLE 126: MAJOR BIOMASS CONVERSION BY TECHNOLOGY
  • COMPARISON OF BIOREFINERIES TO PETRO-REFINERIES
    • TABLE 127: PETROREFINERY SUPPLY CHAIN
  • TECHNOLOGY VALUE CHAIN
    • TABLE 128: NECESSARY VALUE CHAINS AND CAPITAL INVESTMENTS BY TYPE OF BIOREFINERY
  • VALUE ADDITION OF BIO-DERIVED PRODUCTS
    • TABLE 129: ADDED VALUE OF BIO-DERIVED PRODUCTS THROUGH PROCESSING AND STANDARDIZATION
    • TABLE 130: VALUE ADDITION OF BIO-BASED PRODUCTS
  • COMMERCIALIZATION OF ADVANCED BIOREFINERIES
    • TABLE 131: GEOGRAPHICAL COMMERCIALIZATION OF ADVANCED BIOREFINERIES
  • EUROPEAN UNION HORIZON 2020 ENERGY EFFICIENCY CALL 2016-2017
    • TABLE 132: HORIZON 2020 ENERGY EFFICIENCY CALL 2015-2016 (? MILLIONS)
  • TITLE IX OF THE AGRICULTURE ACT OF 2014
    • TABLE 133: TITLE IX OF THE AGRICULTURE ACT OF 2014, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
  • COMMERCIALIZATION STAGES OF VARIOUS BIOPRODUCTS AND TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 134: COMMERCIALIZATION STAGE OF BIOPRODUCTS AND TECHNOLOGIES
  • PATH TO COMMERCIAL DEPLOYMENT OF BIOREFINERIES
    • TABLE 135: PATH TO COMMERCIAL DEPLOYMENT OF ADVANCED BIOREFINERIES BY COMPANY, 2003-2021
  • BIOREFINERY PLANT SCALE OF OPERATION
    • TABLE 136: TYPICAL SCALE OF OPERATION FOR VARIOUS SECOND-GENERATION BIOFUEL PLANTS USING ENERGY CROP-BASED LIGNOCELLULOSIC FEEDSTOCKS
    • TABLE 137: CAPITAL COSTS AND EFFICIENCIES OF PRINCIPAL BIOELECTRICITY AND COMPETITIVE CONVERSION TECHNOLOGIES
  • INTEGRATED BIOREFINERY DEMONSTRATION COFUNDED BY THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY
    • TABLE 138: U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY COFUNDED INTEGRATED BIOREFINERIES

CHAPTER 10 - INTERNATIONAL CONSIDERATIONS

  • INTRODUCTION
    • TABLE 139: GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF BIOREFINERY JOBS
  • GEOGRAPHIC TRENDS IN BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 140: GEOGRAPHIC TRENDS IN BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGY PRODUCTS BY COUNTRY
  • GLOBAL COMMODITY PRICES
  • CRUDE OIL
  • BIOFUELS FEEDSTOCK
  • NATURAL GAS
  • LNG
  • METALS AND MINERALS
    • TABLE 141: GLOBAL COMMODITY PRICES, THROUGH 2021 (NOMINAL $ U.S.)
  • GLOBAL POPULATION
    • UNITED STATES AND CANADA
    • SOUTH ASIA
    • SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
    • OTHER
      • TABLE 142: GLOBAL POPULATION BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION PEOPLE)
  • GLOBAL GDP AND R&D SPENDING
    • TABLE 143: GLOBAL TRENDS IN R&D SPENDING, 2014-2016 ($ BILLIONS)
  • GLOBAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY FEEDSTOCK
    • PETROLEUM
    • NATURAL GAS
    • COAL
    • NUCLEAR
    • HYDROELECTRIC
    • RENEWABLES
      • TABLE 144: GLOBAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY FEEDSTOCK, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION METRIC TONNES OF OIL EQUIVALENT)
  • INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN VEGETABLE OILS BY COUNTRY
    • PRODUCTION
    • DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION
    • IMPORTS
    • EXPORTS
      • TABLE 145: GLOBAL SUPPLY AND DISTRIBUTION OF MAJOR VEGETABLE OILS BY TYPE OF OIL, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION METRIC TONS PER YEAR)
  • INTERNATIONAL CURRENCY EXCHANGE RATES
    • TABLE 146: YEARLY AVERAGE EXCHANGE RATES FOR CONVERTING FOREIGN CURRENCIES INTO U.S. DOLLARS*

CHAPTER 11 - REGULATIONS AND LEGISLATION

  • INTRODUCTION
    • TABLE 147: IMPORTANT UPCOMING ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS BY ACTIVITY

CHAPTER 12 - COMPANY PROFILES

  • BIOLOGICAL TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM COMPANIES
    • ABENGOA
    • ALFA AESAR (PART OF JOHNSON MATTHEY GROUP)
    • ALEXION PHARMACEUTICALS
    • ALKERMES
    • ALKOL BIOTECH
    • ALPHA CHEMIKA
    • AMGEN
    • AMYLIN PHARMACEUTICALS
    • AMYRIS
    • AMYRIS INC.
    • ANQING HEXING CHEMICAL CO. LTD.
    • ARCADIA BIOSCIENCES INC.
    • ARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND
    • ARIAD PHARMACEUTICALS
    • AVANTIUM
    • BASF SA
    • BAXTER INTERNATIONAL
    • BETA RENEWABLES
    • BIOAMBER INC.
      • Bioamber Inc.
    • BIOGEN
    • BIOGEN IDEC
    • BIOGASOL
    • BIOMARIN PHARMACEUTICALS INC.
    • BP BIOFUELS
    • BRASKEM
    • BUTAMAX
    • CATHAY INDUSTRIAL BIOTECH LTD.
    • CARGILL
    • CELGENE
    • CERES INC.
    • BLADE SEEDS
    • CHEMTEX
    • CHENGDU JINKAI BIOLOGY ENGINEERING CO. LTD.
    • CHROMATIN INC.
      • Seed Operations
    • CELGENE
    • CLARIENT
    • CODEXIS INC.
    • COPERSUCAR SA
    • CSL BEHRING
    • DUPONT
    • EARTH ENERGY RENEWABLES
    • EVOLVA
    • FIBERIGHT
    • GENENTECH
    • GF BIOCHEMICALS
    • GILEAD SCIENCES
    • GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS
    • DIASSORIN
    • DR. REDDY'S LABORATORIES
    • GEVO
    • ELEVANCE
    • GADIV PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRIES ISRAEL
    • GENOME COMPILER CORP.
    • GILEAD SCIENCES
    • ITACONIX CORP.
    • JIANGSU HIGH HOPE INTERNATIONAL GROUP CORP.
      • Nanjing Huajin Biologicals Co. Ltd.
    • JINAN HUAMING BIOCHEMISTRY CO. LTD.
    • KAWASAKI KASEI CHEMICALS LTD.
    • KEMIN
    • LUCITE INTERNATIONAL GROUP LTD.
    • MENDOTA BIOENERGY LLC
    • MERCK KGAA
    • MITSUBISHI CHEMICAL JAPAN
    • MITSUBISHI RAYON
    • MITSUI & CO. LTD.
    • MODULAR GENETICS INC.
    • MYRIANT CORP.
    • NEXSTEPPE
    • NIPPON SHOKUBAI CO. LTD.
    • NOVO NORDISK
    • ODEBRECHT AGROINDUSTRIAL (ETH)
    • PACIFIC ETHANOL INC.
    • POET BIOREFINING
    • PURAC
    • QINGDAO ABEL TECHNOLOGY CO. LTD.
    • QINGDAO KEHAI BIOCHEMISTRY CO. LTD.
    • RAIZEN NORTH AMERICA INC.
    • REGENERON
    • RENEWABLE ENERGY GROUP
    • REVERDIA (DSM - ROQUETTE)
    • RENMATRIX INC.
    • ROQUETTE FRERES SA
    • ROYAL DSM
    • RONAS CHEMICALS IND. CO. LTD.
    • SEATTLE GENETICS
    • SEVENTH GENERATION
    • SHIRE PLC
    • SOLUTIONS4CO2
    • SOUTHEAST RENEWABLE FUELS LLC
    • STORA ENSO
    • SUCCINITY
    • SYNBIAS LTD.
    • TEVA PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRIES
    • TOKYO CHEMICAL INDUSTRY CO. LTD.
    • UNITED THERAPEUTICS
    • V & V PHARMA INDUSTRIES
    • VALERO RENEWABLE FUELS
    • VERDEZYME
    • VERTEX PHARMACEUTICALS
    • WACKER CHEMIE
    • ZOOSHARE BIOGAS CO-OPERATIVE INC.
    • ZERO WASTE ENERGY SYSTEMS LTD.
    • ZHEJIANG KEDAO CHEMICALS CO. LTD.
  • PHYSICOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM COMPANIES
    • ABENGOA BIOENERGIA
    • ALGAE DYNAMICS (FORMERLY CONVERTED CARBON TECHNOLOGIES)
    • BORREGAARD
    • CARBONA
    • CHEMREC
    • CONOCOPHILLIPS
    • DIAMOND GREEN DIESEL
    • DYNAMIC FUELS LLC
    • EMERALD BIOFUELS
    • HONEYWELL-UOP
    • NESTE OIL
    • POND BIOFUELS
    • SUN PINE
    • VIRENT
    • WILMAR INTERNATIONAL LTD.
  • THERMOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM COMPANIES
    • ALTRANEX
    • AMEC FOSTER WHEELER
    • CHEMREC
    • CHOREN
    • DYNAMOTIVE LTD.
    • ECN
    • ENERGY RESEARCH CENTER OF THE NETHERLANDS
    • ENSYN
    • EVERGENT
    • FORTUM
    • GAS TECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE
    • GOTEBORG ENERGI
    • GREASOLINE
    • GREEN FUEL NORDIC OY
    • LICELLA
    • RED ARROW
    • RENTECH
    • REPOTEC
    • SUNDROP FUELS
    • THYSSEN KRUP UHDE
    • UPM
    • VARMLANDSMETANOL AB
    • WOODLAND BIOFUELS
  • HYBRID TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM COMPANIES
    • ENERKEM
    • INEOS BIO
    • LANZATECH
    • VIRENT ENERGY SYSTEMS
    • ZEACHEM
  • BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATORS
    • AIR PRODUCTS & CHEMICALS
    • AKZO NOBEL INC.
    • ARKEMA
    • ASAHI KASEI
    • BASF
    • BAYER
    • BOREALIS
    • CHEVRON PHILLIPS CHEMICAL
    • DUPONT
    • EASTMAN CHEMICAL
    • ECOLAB
    • EVONIK INDUSTRIES
    • EXXONMOBIL
    • FORMOSA PLASTICS CORP.
    • HANWHA CHEMICAL
    • HUNTSMAN CORP.
    • INDORAMA
    • LANXESS
    • LOTTE CHEMICAL
    • LYONDELLBASELL INDUSTRIES
    • MITSUBISHI CHEMICAL
    • MITSUI CHEMICALS
    • MOSAIC
    • PPG INDUSTRIES
    • PRAXAIR
    • PTT GLOBAL CHEMICAL
    • RELIANCE INDUSTRIES
    • SASOL
    • SHELL
    • SHI-ETSU CHEMICAL
    • SIAM CEMENT
    • SK INNOVATION
    • SOLVAY
    • SUMITOMO CHEMICAL
    • SYNGENTA
    • TORAY INDUSTRIES
    • TOSOH
    • YARA

LIST OF TABLES

  • SUMMARY TABLE: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES BY TYPE OF PLATFORM, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 12
    • TABLE 1: GENERALIZED BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGY CONFIGURATIONS 15
    • TABLE 2: BIOREFINERY SYSTEM CLASSIFICATION USING CURRENT METHODS 16
    • TABLE 3: GENERALIZED BIOREFINERY OUTLINE USING CURRENT METHODS 17
    • TABLE 4: GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS OF BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES BY PRODUCT TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 17
    • TABLE 5: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES USED TO PROCESS ENERGY PRODUCTS BY INDUSTRY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 19
    • TABLE 6: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES USED TO PROCESS NON-ENERGY PRODUCTS BY INDUSTRY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 20
    • TABLE 7: GLOBAL BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES MARKET PENETRATION, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 21
    • TABLE 8: MAJOR BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM ACTIVITIES AND PRODUCTS 22
    • TABLE 9: ENERGETIC AND NON-ENERGETIC FOREST BIOREFINERY SUPPLY CHAIN 23
    • TABLE 10: OVERVIEW OF THE BIOMASS VALUE CHAIN CONVERSION PROCESS 25
    • TABLE 11: LIGNOCELLULOSIC BIOMASS VALUE CHAIN CONVERSION PROCESS 26
    • TABLE 12: PROCESSES USED AND PRODUCTS EXTRACTED FROM PLANTS 27
    • TABLE 13: OVERVIEW OF INDUSTRIAL AND MATERIAL USE OF BIO-BASED RAW MATERIALS 29
    • TABLE 14: BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGY CONVERSION ROUTES OF PLANT BIOMASS 32
    • TABLE 15: BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES APPROACHES: MARKET FEATURES AND RELATIVE SUBGROUPS 33
    • TABLE 16: PRIMARY BIOREFINERY CONVERSION TECHNOLOGIES TO CRUDE PRODUCTS 35
    • TABLE 17: SECONDARY AND TERTIARY BIOREFINERY TRANSFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES TO PRODUCT 36
    • TABLE 18: EFFECTIVE H/C RATIO IN RELATION TO THE BIOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM AND ITS INTERMEDIATES 38
    • TABLE 19: HYDROGEN TO CARBON RATIO STAIRCASE FOR FOSSIL FUEL FEEDSTOCKS 39
    • TABLE 20: SELECTED EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES AMONG ADVANCED BIOREFINERY COMPANIES 40
    • TABLE 21: STAFFING AND SALARY PROJECTIONS FOR A PROTOTYPE 10-MILLION-GALLON-PER-YEAR RURAL BIOREFINERY, THROUGH 2020 ($ THOUSANDS) 42
    • TABLE 22: SELECTED SCIENCE OCCUPATIONS AND MEDIAN ANNUAL WAGES, THROUGH 2021 ($ THOUSANDS) 43
    • TABLE 23: SELECTED ENGINEERING AND MAPPING OCCUPATIONS AND MEDIAN ANNUAL WAGES, THROUGH 2021 ($ THOUSANDS) 44
    • TABLE 24: SELECTED CONSTRUCTION AND MATERIAL-MOVING OCCUPATIONS AND MEDIAN ANNUAL WAGES, THROUGH 2021 ($ THOUSANDS) 45
    • TABLE 25: SELECTED INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY OCCUPATIONS AND MEDIAN ANNUAL WAGES, THROUGH 2021 ($ THOUSANDS) 47
    • TABLE 26: SELECTED AGRICULTURE OCCUPATIONS AND MEDIAN ANNUAL WAGES, THROUGH 2021 ($ THOUSANDS) 48
    • TABLE 27: SELECTED PRODUCTION OCCUPATIONS AND MEDIAN ANNUAL WAGES, THROUGH 2021 ($ THOUSANDS) 48
    • TABLE 28: SELECTED SALES OCCUPATIONS AND MEDIAN ANNUAL WAGES, THROUGH 2021 ($ THOUSANDS) 49
    • TABLE 29: SELECTED MANAGEMENT AND BUSINESS SPECIALIST OCCUPATIONS AND MEDIAN ANNUAL WAGES, THROUGH 2021 ($ THOUSANDS) 50
    • TABLE 30: SELECTED MECHANIC AND MAINTENANCE OCCUPATIONS AND MEDIAN ANNUAL WAGES, THROUGH 2021 ($ THOUSANDS) 50
    • TABLE 31: RFS2 DATA, CONVENTIONAL BIOFUEL AND ADVANCED BIOFUEL (BILLION GALLONS) 51
    • TABLE 32: BIOMASS CONVERSION TECHNOLOGY MATURITY STATUS 52
    • TABLE 33: ANTICIPATED CHEMICAL AND MATERIAL DEVELOPMENT PATHWAY BY KEY FEEDSTOCK 53
    • TABLE 34: U.S. FEDERAL FUNDING FOR ADVANCED BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES, 2007-2014 ($ MILLIONS) 54
    • TABLE 35: U.S. FEDERAL AND PUBLIC FUNDING FOR ADVANCED BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES 2015-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 54
    • TABLE 36: IMPORTANT DEVELOPMENTS IN BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES 55
    • TABLE 37: REAL GDP AND INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION GROWTH, THROUGH 2021 (% CHANGE ON PREVIOUS YEAR) 60
    • TABLE 38: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES BY TYPE OF PLATFORM, THROUGH 2021 (%) 61
    • TABLE 39: PHYSICOCHEMICAL CONVERSION OF BUILDING-BLOCK CHEMICALS, THEIR DERIVATIVES AND POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS 63
    • TABLE 40: GLOBAL MARKET FOR THE PHYSICOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM BY PRODUCT SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 67
    • TABLE 41: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIO-DERIVED FINE CHEMICALS PRODUCED BY PHYSICOCHEMICAL CONVERSION TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 70
    • TABLE 42: GLOBAL MARKET FOR LIPID CONVERSION BIOPOLYMER/ BIOPLASTIC BUILDING-BLOCK TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 71
    • TABLE 43: BIOCOMPOSITE TECHNOLOGY VALUE ADDITION 72
    • TABLE 44: NATURAL FIBER PROCESS TECHNIQUES AND APPLICATIONS 73
    • TABLE 45: BIOCOMPOSITE PRODUCT STRUCTURE 74
    • TABLE 46: BIOCOMPOSITE PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY 74
    • TABLE 47: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOCOMPOSITE TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 76
    • TABLE 48: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOCOMPOSITE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 77
    • TABLE 49: GLOBAL MARKET FOR VEGETABLE OIL: FUEL TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 77
    • TABLE 50: GLOBAL MARKET FOR STRAIGHT VEGETABLE OIL: ENGINE TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 78
    • TABLE 51: CURRENT GLOBAL ANNUAL PRODUCTION CAPACITY OF HVO DROP-IN BIOFUELS 79
    • TABLE 52: GLOBAL MARKET FOR HYDROGENATED VEGETABLE OIL: FUEL BY TYPE OF ENGINE TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 80
    • TABLE 53: BIODIESEL BY ESTERIFICATION OF VEGETABLE OIL: PRODUCTION 82
    • TABLE 54: FLOW CHART OF PHYSICOCHEMICAL PRODUCTION OF BIODIESEL 82
    • TABLE 55: GLOBAL MARKET FOR VEGETABLE OIL: IN BIODIESEL PRODUCTION BY TYPE OF FEEDSTOCK TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 (THOUSAND METRIC TONS) 84
    • TABLE 56: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIODIESEL BY TYPE OF ESTERIFICATION TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 85
    • TABLE 57: GLOBAL MARKET FOR PHYSICOCHEMICAL CATALYSIS OF BIODIESEL BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 87
    • TABLE 58: GLOBAL MARKET FOR HERBAL/BOTANICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 88
    • TABLE 59: GLOBAL MARKET FOR HERBAL/BOTANICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF PLANT ROOT, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 92
    • TABLE 60: GLOBAL MARKET FOR HERBAL/BOTANICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF PLANT BARK, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 95
    • TABLE 61: GLOBAL MARKET FOR HERBAL/BOTANICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF STEM AND WOOD, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 96
    • TABLE 62: GLOBAL MARKET FOR HERBAL/BOTANICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF PLANT LEAF, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 100
    • TABLE 63: GLOBAL MARKET FOR HERBAL/BOTANICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF PLANT FLOWER, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 102
    • TABLE 64: GLOBAL MARKET FOR HERBAL/BOTANICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF PLANT FRUIT AND SEED, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 105
    • TABLE 65: GLOBAL MARKET FOR HERBAL/BOTANICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF PLANT RHIZOME, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 107
    • TABLE 66: GLOBAL MARKET FOR HERBAL/BOTANICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF LOWER PLANT, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 109
    • TABLE 67: GLOBAL MARKET FOR HERBAL/BOTANICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL COMPOUNDS BY EXTRACTION TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 112
    • TABLE 68: GLOBAL MARKET FOR THE BIOLOGICAL PLATFORM BY TYPE OF TRANSFORMATION, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 114
    • TABLE 69: BIOTECHNOLOGY SEGMENTS 115
    • TABLE 70: BIOLOGICAL CONVERSION FOR CHEMICAL BUILDING BLOCKS, THEIR DERIVATIVES AND THEIR POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS 116
    • TABLE 71: GLOBAL MARKET FOR FERMENTATIVE TECHNOLOGY BY PRODUCT SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 119
    • TABLE 72: GLOBAL MARKET FOR FEEDSTOCK IN BIOETHANOL PRODUCTION, THROUGH 2021 (THOUSAND METRIC TONS) 120
    • TABLE 73: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOETHANOL PRODUCTION BY MALTING TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 121
    • TABLE 74: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOETHANOL PRODUCTION BY TYPE OF CORN MILLING TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 122
    • TABLE 75: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOETHANOL PRODUCTION BY TYPE OF SUGAR FEEDSTOCK TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 124
    • TABLE 76: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOETHANOL PRODUCTION BY TYPE OF CELLULOSIC FEEDSTOCK TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 125
    • TABLE 77: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOETHANOL PRODUCTION BY TYPE OF CELLULOSIC HYDROLYSIS TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 126
    • TABLE 78: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOETHANOL BY TYPE OF DEHYDRATION TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 128
    • TABLE 79: GLOBAL MARKET FOR FERMENTATIVE BIOGAS PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF ENVIRONMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 128
    • TABLE 80: MICROBIAL GROUPS INVOLVED IN ENVIRONMENTAL REMEDIATION 129
    • TABLE 81: ANAEROBIC DIGESTION TECHNOLOGY 132
    • TABLE 82: GLOBAL MARKET FOR ANAEROBIC DIGESTION TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF ENVIRONMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 134
    • TABLE 83: GLOBAL MARKET FOR LANDFILL BIOGAS BY TYPE OF ENVIRONMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 135
    • TABLE 84: SULFUR REMOVAL TECHNOLOGY 135
    • TABLE 85: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOGAS BY TYPE OF RECOVERY AND PURIFICATION TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 138
    • TABLE 86: GLOBAL INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION OF ORGANIC ACID FROM BIOMASS FEEDSTOCKS 140
    • TABLE 87: GLOBAL MARKET FOR FERMENTATION-DERIVED SPECIALTY/FINE CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 141
    • TABLE 88: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOTRANSFORMATION TECHNOLOGY BY PRODUCT CATEGORY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)* 142
    • TABLE 89: VALUE-ADDED BIOCHEMICALS POTENTIALLY DERIVED FROM CELLULOSE, HEMICELLULOSE AND LIGNIN (LIGNOCELLULOSIC BIOMASS) 143
    • TABLE 90: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOTRANSFORMATION TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF CHEMICAL, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 147
    • TABLE 91: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOTRANSFORMATION TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF ACTIVE PHARMACEUTICAL INGREDIENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 148
    • TABLE 92: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOTRANSFORMATION TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF DRUG, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 149
    • TABLE 93: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOTRANSFORMATION TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF SPECIALTY/FINE CHEMICAL, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 151
    • TABLE 94: BIOTRANSFORMATION OF POLYMERS 152
    • TABLE 95 : LOBAL MARKET FOR BIOTRANSFORMATION OF POLYMERS BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 155
    • TABLE 96 : LOBAL MARKET FOR BIOTRANSFORMATION OF VINYL POLYMER BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 157
    • TABLE 97 : IOFUEL PRODUCTION VIA BIOTRANSFORMATION TECHNOLOGY 158
    • TABLE 98 : LOBAL MARKET FOR BIOTRANSFORMATION TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF BIOFUEL, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 160
    • TABLE 99 : LOBAL MARKET FOR BIOFUEL PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF MICROALGAE POND DESIGN, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 162
    • TABLE 100: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOTRANSFORMATION TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF MICROALGAE BY MODE OF OPERATION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 163
    • TABLE 101: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOFUEL PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF MICROALGAE EXTRACTION TECHNOLOGY THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 165
    • TABLE 102: THERMOCHEMICAL CONVERSION FOR POWER, HEAT, CHEMICAL FEEDSTOCKS AND FUEL 168
    • TABLE 103: GLOBAL MARKET FOR THERMOCHEMICAL PLATFORM BY TYPE OF CONVERSION, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 169
    • TABLE 104: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOMASS INDUSTRIAL DIRECT COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF REACTOR, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 171
    • TABLE 105: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOMASS GASIFICATION BY TYPE OF REACTOR TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 172
    • TABLE 106: COMMERCIAL AND PRE-COMMERCIAL (?50 TONS PER DAY) BIO-OIL FACILITIES 172
    • TABLE 107: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOMASS PYROLYSIS TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 174
    • TABLE 108: GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOMASS HYDROTHERMAL LIQUEFACTION TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 175
    • TABLE 109: GLOBAL MARKET FOR THERMOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM BY TYPE OF ENERGY RECOVERY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 177
    • TABLE 110: HYBRID BIOREFINERY PLATFORMS 179
    • TABLE 111: GLOBAL MARKET FOR HYBRID TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM BY TYPE OF COMBINATION, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS) 181
    • TABLE 112: METHODS FOR CONVERTING DIFFERENT BIOMASS SOURCES INTO BIOPRODUCTS 183
    • TABLE 113: CONVERSION OF BIOMASS TO BIO-BASED PRODUCTS 184
    • TABLE 114: DESCRIPTION OF AN ADVANCED BIOREFINERY PLANT 185
    • TABLE 115: ADVANCED BIOREFINERY PLANTS BY PLANT SIZE RANGE SORTED BY TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM (NUMBER OF PLANTS) 186
    • TABLE 116: ADVANCED BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT 186
    • TABLE 117: BIO-DERIVED PRODUCTS WITHIN THE ECONOMY 188
    • TABLE 118: BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES DEVELOPMENT AND SIGNIFICANCE 189
    • TABLE 119: BIOLOGICAL PLATFORM DEVELOPMENTS (TONS PER YEAR) 203
    • TABLE 120: INTEGRATED CELLULOSIC ETHANOL BIOREFINERY 207
    • TABLE 121: BIOETHANOL FROM WOOD STRAW BY ACID HYDROLYSIS AND FERMENTATION TECHNOLOGY 208
    • TABLE 122: MOST PROMISING PRETREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES BY METHOD OF PRETREATMENT 209
    • TABLE 123: THERMOCHEMICAL PLATFORM DEVELOPMENTS 211
    • TABLE 124: PHYSICOCHEMICAL PLATFORM DEVELOPMENTS (TONS PER YEAR) 214
    • TABLE 125: HYBRID PLATFORM DEVELOPMENTS 215
    • TABLE 126: MAJOR BIOMASS CONVERSION BY TECHNOLOGY 218
    • TABLE 127: PETROREFINERY SUPPLY CHAIN 220
    • TABLE 128: NECESSARY VALUE CHAINS AND CAPITAL INVESTMENTS BY TYPE OF BIOREFINERY 221
    • TABLE 129: ADDED VALUE OF BIO-DERIVED PRODUCTS THROUGH PROCESSING AND STANDARDIZATION 222
    • TABLE 130: VALUE ADDITION OF BIO-BASED PRODUCTS 223
    • TABLE 131: GEOGRAPHICAL COMMERCIALIZATION OF ADVANCED BIOREFINERIES 224
    • TABLE 132: HORIZON 2020 ENERGY EFFICIENCY CALL 2015-2016 (? MILLIONS) 224
    • TABLE 133: TITLE IX OF THE AGRICULTURE ACT OF 2014, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 225
    • TABLE 134: COMMERCIALIZATION STAGE OF BIOPRODUCTS AND TECHNOLOGIES 226
    • TABLE 135: PATH TO COMMERCIAL DEPLOYMENT OF ADVANCED BIOREFINERIES BY COMPANY, 2003-2021 228
    • TABLE 136: TYPICAL SCALE OF OPERATION FOR VARIOUS SECOND-GENERATION BIOFUEL PLANTS USING ENERGY CROP-BASED LIGNOCELLULOSIC FEEDSTOCKS 237
    • TABLE 137: CAPITAL COSTS AND EFFICIENCIES OF PRINCIPAL BIOELECTRICITY AND COMPETITIVE CONVERSION TECHNOLOGIES 238
    • TABLE 138: U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY COFUNDED INTEGRATED BIOREFINERIES 239
    • TABLE 139: GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF BIOREFINERY JOBS 241
    • TABLE 140: GEOGRAPHIC TRENDS IN BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGY PRODUCTS BY COUNTRY 243
    • TABLE 141: GLOBAL COMMODITY PRICES, THROUGH 2021 (NOMINAL $ U.S.) 248
    • TABLE 142: GLOBAL POPULATION BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION PEOPLE) 250
    • TABLE 143: GLOBAL TRENDS IN R&D SPENDING, 2014-2016 ($ BILLIONS) 251
    • TABLE 144: GLOBAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY FEEDSTOCK, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION METRIC TONNES OF OIL EQUIVALENT) 253
    • TABLE 145: GLOBAL SUPPLY AND DISTRIBUTION OF MAJOR VEGETABLE OIL: BY TYPE OF OIL, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION METRIC TONS PER YEAR) 255
    • TABLE 146: YEARLY AVERAGE EXCHANGE RATES FOR CONVERTING FOREIGN CURRENCIES INTO U.S. DOLLARS* 257
    • TABLE 147: IMPORTANT UPCOMING ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS BY ACTIVITY 260

LIST OF FIGURES

  • SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES BY TYPE OF PLATFORM, 2013--2021 ($ BILLIONS) 12
    • FIGURE 1: VALUE CHAIN OF THE NATURAL INGREDIENT INDUSTRY 28
    • FIGURE 2: BASIC OLEOCHEMICAL, DOWNSTREAM OLEOCHEMICAL AND DERIVATIVE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY 65
    • FIGURE 3: TRANSESTERIFICATION AND EPOXIDATION, HYDROFORMYLATION AND METATHESIS REACTIONS 65
    • FIGURE 4: BASIC OLEOCHEMICAL AND DOWNSTREAM OLEOCHEMICAL PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY 66
    • FIGURE 5: CHEMICAL PROCESSES FOR METHYL OR ETHYL ESTER BIODIESEL PRODUCTION AND PRODUCT YIELDS 81
    • FIGURE 6: BIOTECHNICAL SYNTHESIS OF END PRODUCTS AND INTERMEDIATES FOR THE CHEMICAL, MATERIAL, FUEL, AND ENERGY INDUSTRIES 117
    • FIGURE 7v POLYLACTIC ACID PRODUCTION FROM BIOMASS 153
    • FIGURE 8: BIO-BASED ROUTES TO 1, 3-PROPANEDIOL 154
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