株式会社グローバルインフォメーション
TEL: 044-952-0102
表紙
市場調査レポート

グリッドスケール電力貯蔵技術:世界市場

Grid-Scale Electricity Storage Technologies: Global Markets

発行 BCC Research 商品コード 347850
出版日 ページ情報 英文 320 Pages
即納可能
価格
本日の銀行送金レート: 1USD=114.58円で換算しております。
Back to Top
グリッドスケール電力貯蔵技術:世界市場 Grid-Scale Electricity Storage Technologies: Global Markets
出版日: 2016年01月01日 ページ情報: 英文 320 Pages
担当者のコメント
BCC Research社のレポートは、Reuter、Wall Street Journal、Fortuneなどで引用されることも多く、それぞれの業界の識者の意見として重きを置かれています。同社レポートを複数冊ご購入の場合年間パッケージのご契約がお得です。詳細は右の担当者のおすすめ商品よりご覧下さい。
概要

2014年に世界のグリッドスケール電力貯蔵技術市場は6億3,700万米ドルの規模となりました。同市場は2015年には7億1,600万米ドルの規模に達し、その後CAGR (複合年間成長率) 18.7%で拡大して2025年には40億米ドル近い市場に成長するものとみられています。

当レポートでは、世界のグリッドスケール電力貯蔵技術市場について調査分析し、技術の概要およびその利点と課題、マイクログリッド環境における先進的バッテリーの応用状況、ならびに規制支援およびインセンティブ状況を概括し、主要技術別・地域別に市場および価格動向を分析するとともに、主要な企業のプロファイルをまとめています。

第1章 イントロダクション

  • 調査の目標と目的
  • 調査実施理由
  • 対象読者
  • 調査範囲・調査手法
  • 世界市場
  • 調査手法
  • 情報源
  • アナリストの略歴
  • 関連レポート
  • BCC RESEARCH ウェブサイト
  • 免責事項

第2章 サマリー

第3章 概要

  • グリッドスケール電力貯蔵技術とは?
  • バッテリー技術の略史
  • EES産業の全般的課題
  • 大規模EES導入の課題
  • コストと経済的な実行可能性
  • グリッドスケールバッテリー貯蔵技術の利点
  • グリッドスケールバッテリー貯蔵技術の全般的利点
  • グリッドスケールバッテリー貯蔵技術の欠点
  • グリッドスケールバッテリー貯蔵の全般的課題
  • グリッドスケールバッテリー貯蔵技術およびシステムコンポーネントの説明
    • グリッドスケールバッテリー貯蔵
    • 従来型バッテリー
    • 高温バッテリー
    • フローバッテリー
    • ニッケルカドミウム (NiCD) および他のニッケル電極バッテリー
    • その他のバッテリーデザイン
    • 多様なバッテリー技術の比較
  • 揚水水理貯蔵
  • 圧縮空気エネルギー貯蔵
  • その他の新興グリッドスケールエネルギー貯蔵技術

第4章 マイクログリッド環境における先進的バッテリーの応用

  • 顧客所有
  • ユーティリティー所有
  • 軍用
  • アイランドシステム
  • 総括

第5章 グリッドスケールバッテリー貯蔵技術に対する規制支援およびインセンティブ

  • 規制支援およびインセンティブ
  • 米国における規制支援およびインセンティブ
    • 連邦
    • 主要な州における標準およびインセンティブ
  • 国際的規制支援およびインセンティブ:欧州
  • 国際的規制支援およびインセンティブ:アジア太平洋、ラテンアメリカ、中東、アフリカ

第6章 産業構造

  • 産業団体
  • グリッドスケールバッテリーエネルギー貯蔵システムの計画
  • MW-GSBSの計画
  • 世界の産業構造
    • 北米
    • 欧州
    • アジア太平洋
    • その他地域
    • UES産業団体

第7章 主要技術市場と価格および性能の動向

  • 鉛酸蓄電池
  • リチウムイオン電池
  • ナトリウムベースの電池
  • フローバッテリー
  • その他のバッテリーデザイン

第8章 主要な地域市場と価格および性能の動向

  • 地域市場と技術の特徴
  • GSBS (グリッドスケールバッテリー貯蔵) 市場の必須条件
  • 世界市場の中心地
    • 北米のグリッドスケールバッテリー貯蔵市場
    • 欧州のグリッドスケールバッテリー貯蔵市場
    • アジア太平洋のグリッドスケールバッテリー貯蔵市場
    • その他地域のグリッドスケールバッテリー貯蔵市場
    • 世界のGSBS市場および地域比較の概要

第9章 企業プロファイル

  • グリッドスケールバッテリー貯蔵の主要5社
    • GE ENERGY STORAGE
    • BYD CO. LTD.
    • 日本ガイシ
    • SAMSUNG SDI CO. LTD.
    • 住友電気工業
  • グリッドスケールバッテリー産業におけるその他の主要なメーカーおよび供給企業

第10章 付録I

  • 通貨コード
  • 測量単位の略
  • 頭字語

第11章 付録II

  • 参考文献

図表

目次
Product Code: EGY142A

REPORT HIGHLIGHTS

The global market for grid-scale battery storage technologies reached $637 million in 2014. This market is projected to reach nearly $4.0 billion in 2025 from $716 million in 2015 at a compound annual growth rate of 18.7% for the period 2015-2025.

This report provides:

  • An overview of the global markets for grid-scale electricity storage technologies.
  • Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2014, 2015, estimnates for 2020 and projections of CAGRs through 2025.
  • A look at factors influencing growth of the market including a growing share of power generation coming from intermittent renewable energy sources, rising commodity prices, and escalating energy peak demand and price in many economies.
  • Applications for Grid Scale Battery Storage including:
    • Power Generation Support - Load Levelling & Grid Stabilisation
    • Renewable Energy Integration/ accommodation of Renewables
    • Transmission & Distribution Support
    • Distributed Power Generation and End-User Support
  • Coverage of typical components including lead-acid batteries, Lithium-ion batteries, Sodium-based batteries, flow batteries, and others.
  • Evaluation of overall benefits and challenges for using grid scale battery storage.
  • Profiles of major players in the industry.

SCOPE OF REPORT AND METHODOLOGY

The scope of this investigation includes the major viable GSBS technologies that are currently being implemented in the power generation industry. These technologies are implemented to temporarily store electricity during periods of available generation capacity, for subsequent use during periods of increased demand in support of load leveling, grid balancing, and renewable energy integration and intermittent generation balancing. The grid-scale battery storage technologies discussed in this report are increasingly deployed in support of intermittent renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind energy, which frequently generate power outside of peak demand periods. In these cases, GSBS technologies can facilitate delivery of renewable power to end users during periods of high and peak use, in support of utility-level regulations and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction strategies, which are increasingly common in the global electricity market.

The market analysis provided in this report is based on a variety of data sources. These include the most recent government, industry and academic data regarding the projected level of demand for utility-scale electricity storage technologies that could potentially translate into grid-scale battery storage (GSBS) projects. These data were supplemented with an evaluation of major utility electricity storage (UES) and renewable (solar and wind) projects that have been announced or that are currently being proposed. Therefore, this report provides a comprehensive review of available data to provide a realistic, robust and accurate assessment of this quickly changing market.

BCC Research analyzes each major viable grid-scale battery storage technologies, determines their current market status, examines their impact on future markets and presents forecasts of growth over the next ten years. Technological issues, including the latest trends, are assessed and discussed, as are the current and likely regulatory environments in support of this industry.

BCC Research analyzes the industry on a worldwide basis in terms of its manufacturing and the deployment of its technologies or products. BCC Research examines government roles in support of grid-scale battery storage (GSBS) technologies worldwide, including regulatory support, government requirements and promotional incentives for various GSBS technologies as relevant and available. BCC Research provides a review of the most relevant GSBS technologies, discusses recent trends in capacity installation and unit sales, and provides industry overviews and market assessments for each GSBS technology.

ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS

Christopher Maara holds a master's degree in finance and development from University of London's School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS),and has been a country risk and energy markets analyst with London-based Business Monitor International (BMI) and Visiongain Limited. He also worked on several small-scale, mini-hydro projects in Kenya and has been involved in the design and installation of pico and mini-hydro turbines.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION

  • STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
  • REASONS FOR COMPLETING THIS STUDY
  • INTENDED AUDIENCE
  • SCOPE OF REPORT AND METHODOLOGY
  • WORLDWIDE MARKETS
  • METHODOLOGY
  • INFORMATION SOURCES
  • ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
  • RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
  • BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
  • DISCLAIMER

CHAPTER 2 - SUMMARY

  • SUMMARY TABLE: GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2025 ($ MILLIONS)
  • SUMMARY FIGURE: GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)

CHAPTER 3 - OVERVIEW

  • TABLE 1 LIST OF GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES (MW)
  • WHAT ARE UTILITY-SCALE ELECTRICITY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES?
  • BRIEF HISTORY OF BATTERY TECHNOLOGY
  • OVERALL CHALLENGES FOR THE EES INDUSTRY
  • CHALLENGES FOR IMPLEMENTING LARGE-SCALE EES
  • COSTS AND ECONOMIC VIABILITY
    • GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE
  • BENEFITS OF GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES
  • OVERALL BENEFITS OF GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE
    • RISING ENERGY PRICES INDIRECTLY INCENTIVIZE GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE
      • FIGURE 1 U.S. RESIDENTIAL RETAIL ELECTRICITY PRICE, 1960-2010 (CENTS PER KILOWATT)
    • INVESTMENTS IN RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS
    • IMPORTANCE OF RENEWABLE ENERGY INTEGRATION
    • SMART GRIDS AND DISTRIBUTED POWER GENERATION SYSTEMS
    • HOW EXPANDING ELECTRICITY DEMAND CAN DRIVE DEMAND OF GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE
    • THE DEVELOPING ELECTRIC VEHICLE MARKET AS A GROWTH FACTOR
    • THE ROLE OF CHANGING NATIONAL POLICIES TOWARD ENERGY STORAGE
    • THE POTENTIAL OF DEREGULATING THE ELECTRIC UTILITY MARKETS
    • GRID BENEFITS
      • Load Leveling
        • FIGURE 2 STYLIZED REPRESENTATION OF A DAILY LOAD CURVE
      • Capacity Factor/Dispatch for Intermittent Renewables
      • Peaking Power Support
    • OFFSET OF NEEDED PEAKING POWER GENERATION CAPACITY
    • OFFSET OF NEEDED RENEWABLE GENERATION CAPACITY
    • ECONOMIC BENEFITS
      • Energy Arbitrage
    • Investment Deferral
    • RENEWABLE ENERGY DISPATCH AND TIMING BENEFITS (ABILITY TO MEET RENEWABLE ENERGY TARGETS, ETC.)
      • FIGURE 3 EXAMPLE OF OFFSET RENEWABLE GENERATION: WIND GENERATION PROFILE FOR CALIFORNIA (MW)
  • DRAWBACKS OF GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES
  • OVERALL CHALLENGES FOR GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE
    • THE LONG-STANDING CONSTRAINT OF HIGH CAPITAL COSTS OF GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE
    • THE POLICY AND REGULATORY CHALLENGES AHEAD
    • HOW CONSERVATISM IN THE UTILITY INDUSTRY MAY HINDER GROWTH
    • THE NEED FOR LARGE-SCALE DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS
    • COMPETITION FROM OTHER ENERGY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES IN THE MARKET
    • ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS
    • ENERGY LOSS DURING STORAGE
    • ECONOMIC RISK
  • DESCRIPTION OF GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES AND SYSTEM COMPONENTS
    • FIGURE 4 OVERVIEW OF BATTERY ELECTROCHEMISTRIES
    • GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE
    • CONVENTIONAL BATTERIES
      • Lead-Acid Batteries
        • FIGURE 5 LEAD-ACID BATTERY FUNCTION AND COMPONENTS
        • Lead-Acid Battery Composition
        • Lead-Acid Battery Categories
        • Flooded Lead-Acid Batteries
        • Valve-Regulated Lead-Acid Batteries
        • Maintenance Requirements for Lead-Acid Batteries
        • Advanced Lead-Acid Batteries
        • Operating Costs of Lead-Acid
          • TABLE 2 LEAD-ACID BATTERY COSTS BY APPLICATION*,2003 ($)
          • TABLE 3 LEAD-ACID AND ADVANCED LEAD-ACID BATTERY COSTS BY APPLICATION, 2020 ($)
        • Advantages of Lead-Acid Batteries
        • Disadvantages of Lead-Acid Batteries
      • Lithium-Ion Batteries
        • Lithium-Ion Battery Composition
          • FIGURE 6 LITHIUM-ION BATTERY FUNCTION AND COMPONENTS
        • Technical Characteristics of Lithium-Ion Batteries
          • FIGURE 7 MAP OF PLANNED AND EXISTING LITHIUM-ION DEMONSTRATIONS, 2009
        • Advantages of Lithium-Ion Batteries
        • Disadvantages of Lithium-Ion Batteries
          • TABLE 4 LITHIUM-ION BATTERY FEATURES
          • TABLE 5 LITHIUM-ION BATTERY COSTS BY BENEFIT, 2010 ($)
    • HIGH TEMPERATURE BATTERIES
      • Sodium-Based Batteries
        • FIGURE 8 SODIUM-SULFUR CELL CONSTRUCTION
        • Sodium-Sulfur Battery Composition
        • Sodium-Sulfur Battery Commercialization
        • Sodium-Sulfur Battery Output Ranges
        • Operating Costs of Sodium-Sulfur
      • Sodium Nickel Chloride (ZEBRA) Batteries
        • Sodium Nickel Chloride Technical Characteristics
          • TABLE 6 SODIUM-SULFUR BATTERY COSTS BY APPLICATION ($)
          • TABLE 7 SODIUM-SULFUR BATTERY COSTS BY BENEFIT ($)
        • Advantages of Sodium-Based Batteries
          • FIGURE 9 MAJOR ADVANTAGES OF NAS OVER OTHER BATTERY TECHNOLOGIES
        • Disadvantages of Sodium-Based Batteries
    • FLOW BATTERIES
      • FIGURE 10 FLOW BATTERY SYSTEM
      • Flow Battery Categories
        • FIGURE 11 FLOW BATTERY CELL CONSTRUCTION
      • Hybrid Flow Batteries versus Redox Flow Batteries
      • Redox Flow Batteries
      • Vanadium Redox
        • Vanadium Redox Flow Battery Composition
        • Vanadium Redox Response Time
          • TABLE 8 TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF VRB SYSTEMS BY APPLICATION
        • Vanadium Redox Batteries Energy and Power Characteristics
        • Vanadium Redox Batteries Installations
        • Operating Costs of Vanadium Redox Batteries
          • FIGURE 12 COMPONENT COSTS OF A VRB AS A PERCENTAGE OF TOTAL CAPITAL COST ($)
          • FIGURE 13 PRESENT CAPITAL COSTS ESTIMATES OF VRB SYSTEMS
          • TABLE 9 VRB CAPITAL AND OPERATING COSTS ($)
          • TABLE 10 VRB COSTS BY BENEFIT ($)
      • Hybrid Flow Batteries
        • Zinc Redox
        • Zinc-Bromine Flow Battery
          • FIGURE 14 ZINC-BROMINE BATTERY COMPOSITION
        • Operating Range of Zinc-Bromide
        • Zinc-Bromine Flow Battery Installations
        • Operating Costs of Zinc-Bromine Flow Batteries
          • TABLE 11 ZINC-BROMINE BATTERY COSTS BY APPLICATION, 2003 ($)
          • TABLE 12 ZINC-BROMINE BATTERY COST BY SIZE AND APPLICATION, 2010 ($)
      • Advantages of Flow Batteries
      • Disadvantages of Flow Batteries
    • NICKEL-CADMIUM (NICD) AND OTHER NICKEL ELECTRODE BATTERIES
      • FIGURE 15 NICKEL-CADMIUM CELL COMPOSITION
      • Operating Ranges of Nickel-Cadmium Batteries
      • Nickel-Based Battery Categories
        • TABLE 13 NICKEL-CADMIUM BATTERY COSTS BY APPLICATION, 2003 ($)
        • TABLE 14 NICKEL-CADMIUM BATTERY FEATURES
      • Advantages of Nickel-Based Batteries
      • Disadvantages of Nickel-Based Batteries
    • OTHER BATTERY DESIGNS
      • Metal Air Batteries
        • FIGURE 16 METAL AIR BATTERY COMPOSITION
      • Molten/Liquid Metal Batteries
        • FIGURE 17 GENERAL MOLTEN AIR BATTERY COMPOSITION
        • FIGURE 18 LIQUID METAL BATTERY COMPOSITION
      • Advantages of Metal Air and Metal Liquid batteries
      • Disadvantages of Metal Air and Metal Liquid Batteries
    • A COMPARISON OF THE DIFFERENT BATTERY TECHNOLOGIES
      • TABLE 15 COMPARISON OF SELECT BATTERY TECHNOLOGIES. (MW, $/KWH, MWH)
      • Traditional Electrochemicals
      • New Electrochemical Approach
        • FIGURE 19 POWER RATING AND DISCHARGE DURATION AT RATED POWER
        • FIGURE 20 A COMPARISON OF TECHNOLOGY MATURITY AND ANTICIPATED R &D EXPENDITURE
      • Cost Comparison
        • TABLE 16 SUMMARY OF THE MAIN MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS.(MW, $/KWH, MWH)
        • FIGURE 21 PER UNIT ENERGY AND POWER CAPITAL COSTS BY TECHNOLOGY
        • TABLE 17 PRESENT WORTH COST OF 10-YEAR OPERATION IN YEAR 1, BY TECHNOLOGY/USE, 2011 ($/KW)
        • FIGURE 22 SERVICES PROVIDED BY ENERGY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES
        • TABLE 18 UTILITY APPLICATIONS OF GRID STORAGE BATTERY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES
    • REVIEW OF OTHER RELEVANT UTILITY-SCALE STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES
      • FIGURE 23 COMPARISON OF PHS, CAES, AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES, SYSTEM RATINGS
      • FIGURE 24 COMPARISON OF PHS, CAES, AND OTHER EMERGING GRID-SCALE STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES COSTS
  • PUMPED HYDROLOGIC STORAGE
  • COMPRESSED AIR ENERGY STORAGE
    • CAES Heat Storage and Advanced Adiabatic CAES
  • OTHER EMERGING GRID-SCALE ENERGY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES
    • FIGURE 25 MATURITY STAGE OF ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS
    • Ultracapacitors
    • Flywheels

CHAPTER 4 - APPLICATIONS FOR ADVANCED BATTERIES IN MICROGRID ENVIRONMENT

  • CUSTOMER OWNED
    • LOAD DEFECTION VERSUS GRID DEFECTION
    • NET METERING EFFECT ON CUSTOMER-OWNED BATTERY STORAGE
    • TESLA INNOVATION COULD HELP SOLAR CUSTOMERS GO OFF THE GRID
  • UTILITY OWNED
    • PROS OF UTILITY-OWNED STORAGE
    • CONS OF UTILITY-OWNED STORAGE
    • EXAMPLE OF UTILITY OWNERSHIP OF DISTRIBUTED STORAGE
    • RECOMMENDATIONS FOR POLICYMAKERS
  • MILITARY
  • ISLAND SYSTEMS
    • FIGURE 26 ISLAND RENEWABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION, IMPACT OF BATTERY STORAGE
  • CONCLUDING REMARKS

CHAPTER 5 - REGULATORY SUPPORT AND INCENTIVES FOR GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES

  • REGULATORY SUPPORT AND INCENTIVES
  • UNITED STATES REGULATORY SUPPORT AND INCENTIVES
    • FEDERAL
      • U.S. Internal Revenue Service (IRS)
        • Renewable Electricity Production Tax Credit
          • TABLE 19 RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION TAX CREDIT: IN-SERVICE DEADLINE, 2014 (‘/KWH)
          • FIGURE 27 IMPACT OF PRODUCTION TAX CREDIT EXPIRATION AND EXTENSION ON U.S. ANNUAL INSTALLED WIND CAPACITY
        • Qualifying Advanced Energy Manufacturing Investment Tax Credit
          • Phase III
        • Clean Renewable Energy Bonds
        • Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds
      • U.S. Department of the Treasury
        • Renewable Energy Grants
      • U.S. Department of Energy
        • Green Power Purchasing Goal
        • Loan Guarantee Program
          • Innovative Technology Loan Guarantee Program
          • Temporary Loan Guarantee Program
        • Smart Grid Investment Grant Program
        • Initiative to Expand Hydropower
        • Renewable Electricity Production Incentive
      • U.S. Department of Agriculture
        • USDA Rural Energy for America Program-Grants and Loan Guarantees
        • Rural Energy for America Program (REAP)
  • SELECT STATE-LEVEL STANDARDS AND INCENTIVES
    • Alaska
      • Renewable Energy Grant Recommendation Program
      • Alternative Energy Conservation Loan Fund
    • Arizona
      • Renewable Energy Business Tax Incentive
      • Property Tax Assessment for Renewable Energy Property
      • Property Tax Assessment for Renewable Energy Equipment
      • Renewable Energy Production Tax Credit (Corporate)
        • TABLE 20 TAX CREDIT FOR PHOTOVOLTAICS (PV) AND SOLAR THERMAL ELECTRIC SYSTEMS VARIATION OVER 10 YEAR PERIOD (‘/KWH)
      • Renewable Energy Tax Credit for Manufacturers (Corporate)
      • Renewable Energy Standard
        • TABLE 21 ARIZONA RENEWABLE ENERGY AND DISTRIBUTED RENEWABLE QUOTAS, 2006-2025 (RETAIL ELECTRICAL LOAD % (% OF RENEWABLE ENERGY QUOTA))
    • California
      • Renewable Portfolio Standard
      • Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP)--Feed-in Tariff (FiT) Program
        • TABLE 22 BASE PRICE OF ENERGY AND TIME OF DELIVERY MULTIPLIERS ($/KW)
    • Colorado
      • Renewable Energy Property Tax Assessment
        • TABLE 23 COLORADO RENEWABLE ENERGY PROPERTY TAX ASSESSMENT COST THRESHOLD VALUES, 2009 ($/KW)
      • New Energy Economic Development Grant Program
      • Renewable Energy Standard
        • Requirement for Investor-Owned Utilities
          • TABLE 24 COLORADO RENEWABLE PORTFOLIO STANDARD QUOTAS FOR INVESTOR-OWNED UTILITIES, 2007-2020
        • Distributed Generation Carve-Out (Investor-Owned Utilities Only)
          • TABLE 25 COLORADO RENEWABLE PORTFOLIO STANDARD QUOTAS FOR WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTED GENERATION OR RETAIL DG CARVE-OUT, 2011-2020 (%)
        • Requirement for Cooperatives and Municipal Utilities
          • TABLE 26 COLORADO RENEWABLE PORTFOLIO STANDARD QUOTAS FOR ELECTRIC COOPERATIVES AND MUNICIPAL UTILITIES, 2008-2020 (%)
        • Credit Multipliers
      • Renewable Energy Property Tax Assessment
    • Hawaii
      • Farm and Aquaculture Alternative Energy Loan
      • High Technology Business Investment Tax Credit
      • Renewable Energy Project Bond Program
    • Iowa
      • Alternative Energy Law (AEL)
      • Energy Replacement Generation Tax Exemption
      • Solar Energy Systems Tax Credit (Corporate)
      • Renewable Energy Production Tax Credits (Corporate)
    • Maine
      • Renewable Portfolio Standard
        • TABLE 27 MAINE RENEWABLES PORTFOLIO STANDARD CLASS I STANDARD SCHEDULE, 2008-2017 (%)
    • Maine Wind Energy Goals
      • Maryland
      • Renewable Energy Portfolio Standard
        • TABLE 28 MARYLAND RENEWABLE ENERGY PORTFOLIO STANDARD COMPLIANCE REQUIREMENTS, 2006-2022 (%)
    • Michigan
      • Renewable Energy Standard
        • TABLE 29 MICHIGAN RENEWABLE ENERGY STANDARD, ANNUAL BENCHMARKS, 2012-2015 (%)
    • New Mexico
      • Interconnection Standards
      • Renewable Energy Production Tax Credit (Corporate)
        • TABLE 30 NEW MEXICO RENEWABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION TAX INCENTIVE ($/KWH)
    • New York
      • Renewable, Clean Energy and Energy Efficient Product Manufacturing Incentive Program
    • Oklahoma
      • Zero-Emission Facilities Production Tax Credit
    • Oregon
      • Business Energy Tax Credit
    • Pennsylvania
      • Department of Community and Economic Development (DCED) Alternative Clean Energy Program
        • Loans
        • Grants
        • Loan Guarantees
    • South Carolina
      • Distributed Energy Resource Program
    • Texas
      • Austin-Renewables Portfolio Standard
      • Renewable Generation Requirement
        • TABLE 31 TEXAS RENEWABLE GENERATION REQUIREMENT COMPLIANCE SCHEDULE, 2007-2015 (MW)
      • Department of Rural Affairs-Renewable Energy Demonstration Pilot Program
  • INTERNATIONAL REGULATORY SUPPORT AND INCENTIVES: EUROPE
    • European Union
      • EU Climate and Energy Package: Renewable Energy Targets
      • An Energy Policy for Europe
      • European Council Action Plan (2007-2009) Energy Policy for Europe
      • Seventh Framework Program for Research and Technological Development
        • TABLE 32 ENERGY RESEARCH UNDER FP7
      • Strategic Energy Technology Plan: Toward a Low Carbon Future
      • Directive on the Taxation of Energy Products and Electricity
    • Austria
      • Klima:Aktiv Program
      • Targets for Renewables: 2007-2010 Government Program
      • Okostromverordnung (Feed-In Tariffs) 2010-OSVO 2010
    • Belgium
      • Offshore Domanial Concessions for Wind and Ocean Energy Production
      • Federal Green Certificate Scheme
      • Flanders: Green Certificate Scheme
        • Wallonia: Green Certificate Scheme:
        • National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP)
    • Denmark
      • Energy Research Programme
      • Electricity Supply Act
      • Subsidies for Renewable Electricity Generation
      • Replacement Scheme for Wind Turbines on Land
      • Danish Energy Agreement for 2012-2020
      • Energy-Efficiency Measures
      • Renewable Energy in Industry
      • Promotion of Renewable Energy Act
      • Feed-In Premium Tariffs for Renewable Power
    • France
      • Wind Energy Program
      • Electricity Law 2000
      • Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership
      • Renewable Energy Feed-In Tariff: Solar PV
      • Energy Bill 2015
    • Germany
      • Green Power
      • Renewable Energy Sources Act (Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetz, EEG) 2004
      • 2009 Amendment of the Renewable Energy Sources Act
      • 2014 Amendment of the Renewable Energy Sources Act-EEG
      • KfW Renewable Energies Program (KfW-Programme Erneuerbare Energien)
    • Greece
      • Development Incentives for Renewable Energy Sources
      • Generation of Electricity Using Renewable Energy Sources
    • Italy
      • RES Promotion-Decrees Implementing Directive 2001/77/EC
      • RES Promotion-Decree Implementing Directive 2009/28/EC
    • Portugal
      • Wave Energy Pilot Zone
      • Renewable Feed-In Tariffs
      • Microgeneration Law (Application Decree Law 118-A/2010)
    • Spain
      • Offshore Wind Power Regulations
      • Feed-In Tariffs for Electricity from Renewable Energy Sources
      • New Regulatory Framework for Administrative Procedures for Renewable Energy Facilities
      • Cabinet of Ministers Ruling for Wind and Solar Thermal Electric Energy Quotas
      • Sustainable Economy Law
    • United Kingdom
      • Renewable Energy Strategy 2009
      • Offshore Wind Capitol Grants Scheme
  • INTERNATIONAL REGULATORY SUPPORT AND INCENTIVES: ASIA-PACIFIC, LATIN AMERICAN, MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA
    • Australia
      • Renewable Energy Target
      • Clean Energy Program
      • Renewable Energy Demonstration Program
      • Improving Grid Accessibility
    • Brazil
      • Brazil Inova Energia Program
      • Brazil Net Metering for Distributed Generation
    • Chile
      • Net Metering (Regulation on Distributed Generation) 2014
      • Support for Nonconventional Renewable Energy Development Program
    • China
      • Preferential Tax Policies for Renewable Energy
      • Medium- and Long-Term Development Plan for Renewable Energy
      • Wind Power Concession Program
    • India
      • Renewable Energy Certificates System
    • Indonesia
      • National Energy Blueprint
      • National Energy Policy (Government Regulation No. 79/2014)
    • Japan
      • Strategic Energy Plan (2014)
      • Basic Energy Plan (2014)
    • New Zealand
      • Marine Energy Deployment Fund
    • Thailand
      • Strategic Plan for Renewable Energy Development

CHAPTER 6 - INDUSTRY STRUCTURE

  • INDUSTRY ORGANIZATION
    • FIGURE 28 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE FOR PROCUREMENT/INSTALLATION OF GSBS TECHNOLOGIES
    • UTILITY-SCALE ELECTRICITY STORAGE DEVELOPERS
    • ENGINEERING AND PROJECT MANAGEMENT CONTRACTORS
    • COMPONENT MANUFACTURERS AND FABRICATORS
    • CONSTRUCTION AND PROCUREMENT CONTRACTORS
    • RAW MATERIALS PRODUCERS
      • FIGURE 29 BATTERY MARKET SUPPLY CHAIN
  • PLANNING OF GRID-SCALE BATTERY ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS
    • GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE APPLICATIONS
      • Frequency-Response Reserve
      • Frequency Replacement Reserve
      • Wholesale Arbitrage
        • FIGURE 30 EXAMPLE OF A SIMPLE ARBITRAGE TRADING STRATEGY FOR THE GERMAN SPOT MARKET
  • PLANNING OF MW-GSBS
    • DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS
      • FIGURE 31 GSBS COSTS FOR DIFFERENT CAPACITIES
    • SYSTEM INTEGRATION
    • SAFETY
    • SCADA
  • GLOBAL INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
    • NORTH AMERICA
      • Industry Trends
        • FIGURE 32 U.S. UES STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES IN USE BY MARKET SHARE (GW)
        • TABLE 33 EXISTING AND PLANNED (PROPOSED, UNDER CONSTRUCTION, CONTRACTED, ANNOUNCED) U.S. ENERGY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES, SPLIT BY CAPACITY, 2015 (MW/%)
        • TABLE 34 EXISTING AND PLANNED (PROPOSED, UNDER CONSTRUCTION, CONTRACTED, ANNOUNCED) U.S. ENERGY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES, SPLIT BY NUMBER OF PROJECTS, 2015 (MW/%)
        • TABLE 35 ENERGY STORAGE APPLICATIONS BY CAPACITY (MW)
        • FIGURE 33 ANNUAL SOLAR PV INSTALLATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES, BY TYPE 2010-2014 (MW)
      • Major Industry Players
        • TABLE 36 MAJOR NORTH AMERICAN GSBS COMPONENT MANUFACTURERS AND ENGINEERS
      • Major North American GSBS Industry Facets
    • EUROPE
      • Industry Trends
      • Major Industry Players
        • TABLE 37 MAJOR EUROPEAN GSBS COMPONENT MANUFACTURERS AND ENGINEERS
      • Major European UES Industry Facets
    • ASIA-PACIFIC
      • Industry Trends
      • Major Industry Players
        • TABLE 38 MAJOR ASIAN UES COMPONENT MANUFACTURERS AND ENGINEERS
      • Major Asian UES Industry Facets
    • REST OF THE WORLD
      • Industry Trends
      • Major Industry Players
      • Major RoW GSBS Industry Facets
    • UES INDUSTRY ORGANIZATIONS
      • TABLE 39 MAJOR UES INDUSTRY GROUPS AND ORGANIZATIONS

CHAPTER 7 - MAJOR TECHNOLOGY MARKETS AND TRENDS IN PRICE AND PERFORMANCE

  • LEAD-ACID BATTERIES
    • TABLE 40 PROJECTED LEAD-ACID BATTERIES NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZES, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 34 PROJECTED LEAD-ACID BATTERIES MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
  • LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES
    • TABLE 41 PROJECTED LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZES, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 35 PROJECTED LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
  • SODIUM-BASED BATTERIES
    • TABLE 42 PROJECTED SODIUM-BASED BATTERIES NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZES, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 36 PROJECTED SODIUM-BASED BATTERIES MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
  • FLOW BATTERIES
    • TABLE 43 PROJECTED FLOW BATTERIES NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZES, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 37 PROJECTED FLOW BATTERIES MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
  • OTHER BATTERY DESIGNS
    • TABLE 44 PROJECTED OTHER ELECTROCHEMISTRY BATTERY NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZES, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 38 PROJECTED OTHER ELECTROCHEMISTRY BATTERY MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)

CHAPTER 8 - MAJOR REGIONAL MARKETS AND TRENDS IN PRICE AND PERFORMANCE

  • REGIONAL MARKETS AND TECHNOLOGY CHARACTERISTICS
  • GSBS MARKET PREREQUISITES
    • TABLE 45 PREREQUISITES FOR GSBS TRACTION IN REGIONAL MARKETS
    • DEMAND FOR GSBS TECHNOLOGIES
    • INFRASTRUCTURE SUFFICIENCY
  • GLOBAL MARKET CENTERS
    • NORTH AMERICA GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET
      • North America Market Projected Trends
        • TABLE 46 PROJECTED NORTH AMERICAN GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE, NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZES, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
        • FIGURE 39 PROJECTED NORTH AMERICAN GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
      • United States Market Projected Trends
        • FIGURE 40 U.S. BEHIND-THE-METER ENERGY STORAGE DEPLOYMENTS (MW)
        • TABLE 47 MAJOR HISTORIC GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE PROJECTS IN NORTH AMERICA (KW)
        • TABLE 48 U.S. PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE, NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZES, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
        • FIGURE 41 PROJECTED U.S. GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
      • Canada Market Projected Trends
        • TABLE 49 CANADA PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE, NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZES, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
        • FIGURE 42 CANADA PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
      • Key Drivers for the North American Market
      • Growth Potential for the North American Market
    • EUROPE GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET
      • European Market Projected Trends
        • TABLE 50 PROJECTED EUROPEAN GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE, NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZES, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
        • FIGURE 43 PROJECTED EUROPEAN GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
      • German Market Projected Trends
        • TABLE 51 GERMAN PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE, NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZES, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
        • FIGURE 44 GERMAN PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
      • Italian Market Projected Trends
        • TABLE 52 ITALIAN PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE, NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZES, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
        • FIGURE 45 ITALIAN PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET SIZES, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
      • Spanish Market Projected Trends
        • TABLE 53 SPANISH PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE, NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZES, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
        • FIGURE 46 SPANISH PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
      • United Kingdom Grid-Scale Battery Storage Market
        • TABLE 54 UNITED KINGDOM PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE, NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZE, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
        • FIGURE 47 UNITED KINGDOM PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
      • France Grid-scale Battery Storage Market
        • TABLE 55 FRENCH PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE, NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZE, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
        • FIGURE 48 FRENCH PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
      • Key Drivers for the European Market
      • Growth Potential for the European Market
    • ASIA-PACIFIC GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET
      • TABLE 56 MAJOR HISTORIC GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE PROJECTS IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION (MW)
      • Asian-Pacific Market Projected Trends
        • TABLE 57 PROJECTED ASIA-PACIFIC GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE, NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZE, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
        • FIGURE 49 PROJECTED ASIA-PACIFIC GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
      • China Grid-Scale Battery Storage Market
        • TABLE 58 CHINESE PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE, NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZE, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
        • FIGURE 50 CHINESE PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
      • Japan Grid-Scale Battery Storage Market
        • TABLE 59 JAPANESE PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE, NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZE, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
        • FIGURE 51 JAPANESE PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
      • South Korea Grid-Scale Battery Storage Market
        • TABLE 60 SOUTH KOREAN PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE, NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZE, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
        • FIGURE 52 SOUTH KOREAN PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
      • Australia Grid-Scale Battery Storage Market
        • TABLE 61 SELECTED AUSTRALIAN ENERGY STORAGE FACILITIES
        • TABLE 62 AUSTRALIAN PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE, NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZE, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
        • FIGURE 53 AUSTRALIAN PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
      • Key Drivers for the Asian-Pacific Market
      • Growth Potential for the Asian-Pacific Market
    • REST OF THE WORLD GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET
      • TABLE 63 MAJOR HISTORIC GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE PROJECTS IN THE REST OF THE WORLD REGION (MW)
      • RoW Market Projected Trends
        • TABLE 64 PROJECTED REST OF THE WORLD GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE, NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZE, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
        • FIGURE 54 PROJECTED REST OF THE WORLD GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
      • Key Drivers for the RoW Market
    • OVERVIEW OF THE GLOBAL GSBS TECHNOLOGY MARKET AND REGIONAL COMPARISON
      • TABLE 65 GLOBAL GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2025 ($ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 55 GLOBAL GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET BY REGION, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
      • TABLE 66 PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE TECHNOLOGY NEW CAPACITY, THROUGH 2025 (MW)
      • FIGURE 56 PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE TECHNOLOGY NEW CAPACITY, 2015-2025 (MW)

CHAPTER 9 - COMPANY PROFILES

  • LEADING FIVE GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE COMPANIES
    • GE ENERGY STORAGE
    • BYD CO. LTD.
    • NGK INSULATORS LTD.
    • SAMSUNG SDI CO. LTD.
    • SUMITOMO ELECTRIC INDUSTRIES LTD.
  • OTHER LEADING MANUFACTURERS AND SUPPLY COMPANIES IN THE GRID-SCALE BATTERY INDUSTRY
    • A123 SYSTEMS LLC
    • ABB LTD.
    • AES ENERGY STORAGE LLC
    • ALEVO GROUP
      • Alevo US
    • AMBRI INC.
      • Ambri Inc.-Manufacturing
    • AMERICAN VANADIUM
    • AMPRIUS
    • AQUION ENERGY
    • AUTOMOTIVE ENERGY SUPPLY CORPORATION
    • AXION POWER INTERNATIONAL INC.
    • BOSCH GROUP
    • BOSTON-POWER
    • BRIGHTSOURCE ENERGY
    • CODA ENERGY
    • DUKE ENERGY
    • DYNAPOWER ENERGY MANAGEMENT
    • ECOULT
    • ELECTROVAYA
    • ENERVAULT CORP
    • ENSYNC, INC.
    • ENVIA SYSTEMS
    • EOS ENERGY STORAGE
    • FURUKAWA BATTERY
    • GREEN CHARGE NETWORKS
    • GREENSMITH ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
    • HOKKAIDO ELECTRIC POWER CO., INC.
    • HUDSON CLEAN ENERGY PARTNERS
    • IMERGY POWER SYSTEMS
    • JLM ENERGY INC.
    • JOHNSON CONTROLS
    • LG CHEM
    • MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES (MHI)
    • NEC ENERGY SOLUTIONS INC.
    • OUTBACK POWER
    • PANASONIC CORP.
    • PELLION TECHNOLOGIES
    • PRIMUS POWER
    • PRUDENT ENERGY
      • Beijing Offices
    • QUANTUMSCAPE CORPORATION
    • RES AMERICAS INC.
    • S&C ELECTRIC COMPANY
    • SAFT GROUPE S.A.
    • SAKTI3 INC.
    • SEEO INC.
    • SHARP
    • SIEMENS ENERGY
    • SK CONTINENTAL E-MOTION
    • SOLAR GRID STORAGE
    • SOLARCITY
    • SPIDER9 INC.
    • STEM INC.
    • SUNVERGE ENERGY
    • TESLA MOTORS INC.
    • TESVOLT GMBH
    • TOSHIBA POWER GENERATION DIVISION
    • VIZN ENERGY
    • XCEL ENERGY INC.
    • XTREME POWER
    • YOUNICOS INC.

CHAPTER 10 - APPENDIX I

  • CURRENCY CODES
  • ABBREVIATIONS OF UNITS OF MEASUREMENT
  • ACRONYMS

CHAPTER 11 - APPENDIX II

  • REFERENCES

LIST OF TABLES

  • SUMMARY TABLE: GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2025 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 1: LIST OF GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES (MW)
    • TABLE 2: LEAD-ACID BATTERY COSTS BY APPLICATION*,2003 ($)
    • TABLE 3: LEAD-ACID AND ADVANCED LEAD-ACID BATTERY COSTS BY APPLICATION, 2020 ($)
    • TABLE 4: LITHIUM-ION BATTERY FEATURES
    • TABLE 5: LITHIUM-ION BATTERY COSTS BY BENEFIT, 2010 ($)
    • TABLE 6: SODIUM-SULFUR BATTERY COSTS BY APPLICATION ($)
    • TABLE 7: SODIUM-SULFUR BATTERY COSTS BY BENEFIT ($)
    • TABLE 8: TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF VRB SYSTEMS BY APPLICATION
    • TABLE 9: VRB CAPITAL AND OPERATING COSTS ($)
    • TABLE 10: VRB COSTS BY BENEFIT ($)
    • TABLE 11: ZINC-BROMINE BATTERY COSTS BY APPLICATION, 2003 ($)
    • TABLE 12: ZINC-BROMINE BATTERY COST BY SIZE AND APPLICATION, 2010 ($)
    • TABLE 13: NICKEL-CADMIUM BATTERY COSTS BY APPLICATION, 2003 ($)
    • TABLE 14: NICKEL-CADMIUM BATTERY FEATURES
    • TABLE 15: COMPARISON OF SELECT BATTERY TECHNOLOGIES. (MW, $/KWH, MWH)
    • TABLE 16: SUMMARY OF THE MAIN MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS.(MW, $/KWH, MWH)
    • TABLE 17: PRESENT WORTH COST OF 10-YEAR OPERATION IN YEAR 1, BY TECHNOLOGY/USE, 2011 ($/KW)
    • TABLE 18: UTILITY APPLICATIONS OF GRID STORAGE BATTERY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 19: RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION TAX CREDIT: IN-SERVICE DEADLINE, 2014 (‘/KWH)
    • TABLE 20: TAX CREDIT FOR PHOTOVOLTAICS (PV) AND SOLAR THERMAL ELECTRIC SYSTEMS VARIATION OVER 10 YEAR PERIOD (‘/KWH)
    • TABLE 21: ARIZONA RENEWABLE ENERGY AND DISTRIBUTED RENEWABLE QUOTAS, 2006-2025 (RETAIL ELECTRICAL LOAD % (% OF RENEWABLE ENERGY QUOTA))
    • TABLE 22: BASE PRICE OF ENERGY AND TIME OF DELIVERY MULTIPLIERS ($/KW)
    • TABLE 23: COLORADO RENEWABLE ENERGY PROPERTY TAX ASSESSMENT COST THRESHOLD VALUES, 2009 ($/KW)
    • TABLE 24: COLORADO RENEWABLE PORTFOLIO STANDARD QUOTAS FOR INVESTOR-OWNED UTILITIES, 2007-2020
    • TABLE 25: COLORADO RENEWABLE PORTFOLIO STANDARD QUOTAS FOR WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTED GENERATION OR RETAIL DG CARVE-OUT, 2011-2020 (%)
    • TABLE 26: COLORADO RENEWABLE PORTFOLIO STANDARD QUOTAS FOR ELECTRIC COOPERATIVES AND MUNICIPAL UTILITIES, 2008-2020 (%)
    • TABLE 27: MAINE RENEWABLES PORTFOLIO STANDARD CLASS I STANDARD SCHEDULE, 2008-2017 (%)
    • TABLE 28: MARYLAND RENEWABLE ENERGY PORTFOLIO STANDARD COMPLIANCE REQUIREMENTS, 2006-2022 (%)
    • TABLE 29: MICHIGAN RENEWABLE ENERGY STANDARD, ANNUAL BENCHMARKS, 2012-2015 (%)
    • TABLE 30: NEW MEXICO RENEWABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION TAX INCENTIVE ($/KWH)
    • TABLE 31: TEXAS RENEWABLE GENERATION REQUIREMENT COMPLIANCE SCHEDULE, 2007-2015 (MW)
    • TABLE 32: ENERGY RESEARCH UNDER FP7
    • TABLE 33: EXISTING AND PLANNED (PROPOSED, UNDER CONSTRUCTION, CONTRACTED, ANNOUNCED) U.S. ENERGY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES, SPLIT BY CAPACITY, 2015 (MW/%)
    • TABLE 34: EXISTING AND PLANNED (PROPOSED, UNDER CONSTRUCTION, CONTRACTED, ANNOUNCED) U.S. ENERGY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES, SPLIT BY NUMBER OF PROJECTS, 2015 (MW/%)
    • TABLE 35: ENERGY STORAGE APPLICATIONS BY CAPACITY (MW)
    • TABLE 36: MAJOR NORTH AMERICAN GSBS COMPONENT MANUFACTURERS AND ENGINEERS
    • TABLE 37: MAJOR EUROPEAN GSBS COMPONENT MANUFACTURERS AND ENGINEERS
    • TABLE 38: MAJOR ASIAN UES COMPONENT MANUFACTURERS AND ENGINEERS
    • TABLE 39: MAJOR UES INDUSTRY GROUPS AND ORGANIZATIONS
    • TABLE 40: PROJECTED LEAD-ACID BATTERIES NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZES, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 41: PROJECTED LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZES, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 42: PROJECTED SODIUM-BASED BATTERIES NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZES, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 43: PROJECTED FLOW BATTERIES NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZES, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 44: PROJECTED OTHER ELECTROCHEMISTRY BATTERY NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZES, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 45: PREREQUISITES FOR GSBS TRACTION IN REGIONAL MARKETS
    • TABLE 46: PROJECTED NORTH AMERICAN GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE, NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZES, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 47: MAJOR HISTORIC GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE PROJECTS IN NORTH AMERICA (KW)
    • TABLE 48: U.S. PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE, NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZES, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 49: CANADA PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE, NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZES, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 50: PROJECTED EUROPEAN GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE, NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZES, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 51: GERMAN PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE, NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZES, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 52: ITALIAN PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE, NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZES, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 53: SPANISH PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE, NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZES, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 54: UNITED KINGDOM PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE, NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZE, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 55: FRENCH PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE, NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZE, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 56: MAJOR HISTORIC GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE PROJECTS IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION (MW)
    • TABLE 57: PROJECTED ASIA-PACIFIC GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE, NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZE, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 58: CHINESE PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE, NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZE, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 59: JAPANESE PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE, NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZE, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 60: SOUTH KOREAN PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE, NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZE, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 61: SELECTED AUSTRALIAN ENERGY STORAGE FACILITIES
    • TABLE 62: AUSTRALIAN PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE, NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZE, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 63: MAJOR HISTORIC GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE PROJECTS IN THE REST OF THE WORLD REGION (MW)
    • TABLE 64: PROJECTED REST OF THE WORLD GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE, NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZE, THROUGH 2025 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 65: GLOBAL GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2025 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 66: PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE TECHNOLOGY NEW CAPACITY, THROUGH 2025 (MW)

LIST OF FIGURES

  • SUMMARY FIGURE: GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 1: U.S. RESIDENTIAL RETAIL ELECTRICITY PRICE, 1960-2010 (CENTS PER KILOWATT)
    • FIGURE 2: STYLIZED REPRESENTATION OF A DAILY LOAD CURVE
    • FIGURE 3: EXAMPLE OF OFFSET RENEWABLE GENERATION: WIND GENERATION PROFILE FOR CALIFORNIA (MW)
    • FIGURE 4: OVERVIEW OF BATTERY ELECTROCHEMISTRIES
    • FIGURE 5: LEAD-ACID BATTERY FUNCTION AND COMPONENTS
    • FIGURE 6: LITHIUM-ION BATTERY FUNCTION AND COMPONENTS
    • FIGURE 7: MAP OF PLANNED AND EXISTING LITHIUM-ION DEMONSTRATIONS, 2009
    • FIGURE 8: SODIUM-SULFUR CELL CONSTRUCTION
    • FIGURE 9: MAJOR ADVANTAGES OF NAS OVER OTHER BATTERY TECHNOLOGIES
    • FIGURE 10: FLOW BATTERY SYSTEM
    • FIGURE 11: FLOW BATTERY CELL CONSTRUCTION
    • FIGURE 12: COMPONENT COSTS OF A VRB AS A PERCENTAGE OF TOTAL CAPITAL COST ($)
    • FIGURE 13: PRESENT CAPITAL COSTS ESTIMATES OF VRB SYSTEMS
    • FIGURE 14: ZINC-BROMINE BATTERY COMPOSITION
    • FIGURE 15: NICKEL-CADMIUM CELL COMPOSITION
    • FIGURE 16: METAL AIR BATTERY COMPOSITION
    • FIGURE 17: GENERAL MOLTEN AIR BATTERY COMPOSITION
    • FIGURE 18: LIQUID METAL BATTERY COMPOSITION
    • FIGURE 19: POWER RATING AND DISCHARGE DURATION AT RATED POWER
    • FIGURE 20: A COMPARISON OF TECHNOLOGY MATURITY AND ANTICIPATED R &D EXPENDITURE
    • FIGURE 21: PER UNIT ENERGY AND POWER CAPITAL COSTS BY TECHNOLOGY
    • FIGURE 22: SERVICES PROVIDED BY ENERGY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES
    • FIGURE 23: COMPARISON OF PHS, CAES, AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES, SYSTEM RATINGS
    • FIGURE 24: COMPARISON OF PHS, CAES, AND OTHER EMERGING GRID-SCALE STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES COSTS
    • FIGURE 25: MATURITY STAGE OF ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS
    • FIGURE 26: ISLAND RENEWABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION, IMPACT OF BATTERY STORAGE
    • FIGURE 27: IMPACT OF PRODUCTION TAX CREDIT EXPIRATION AND EXTENSION ON U.S. ANNUAL INSTALLED WIND CAPACITY
    • FIGURE 28: INDUSTRY STRUCTURE FOR PROCUREMENT/INSTALLATION OF GSBS TECHNOLOGIES
    • FIGURE 29: BATTERY MARKET SUPPLY CHAIN
    • FIGURE 30: EXAMPLE OF A SIMPLE ARBITRAGE TRADING STRATEGY FOR THE GERMAN SPOT MARKET
    • FIGURE 31: GSBS COSTS FOR DIFFERENT CAPACITIES
    • FIGURE 32: U.S. UES STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES IN USE BY MARKET SHARE (GW)
    • FIGURE 33: ANNUAL SOLAR PV INSTALLATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES, BY TYPE 2010-2014 (MW)
    • FIGURE 34: PROJECTED LEAD-ACID BATTERIES MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 35: PROJECTED LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 36: PROJECTED SODIUM-BASED BATTERIES MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 37: PROJECTED FLOW BATTERIES MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 38: PROJECTED OTHER ELECTROCHEMISTRY BATTERY MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 39: PROJECTED NORTH AMERICAN GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 40: U.S. BEHIND-THE-METER ENERGY STORAGE DEPLOYMENTS (MW)
    • FIGURE 41: PROJECTED U.S. GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 42: CANADA PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 43: PROJECTED EUROPEAN GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 44: GERMAN PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 45: ITALIAN PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET SIZES, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 46: SPANISH PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 47: UNITED KINGDOM PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 48: FRENCH PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 49: PROJECTED ASIA-PACIFIC GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 50: CHINESE PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 51: JAPANESE PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 52: SOUTH KOREAN PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 53: AUSTRALIAN PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 54: PROJECTED REST OF THE WORLD GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET SIZE, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 55: GLOBAL GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE MARKET BY REGION, 2014-2025 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 56: PROJECTED GRID-SCALE BATTERY STORAGE TECHNOLOGY NEW CAPACITY, 2015-2025 (MW)
Back to Top