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再生可能エネルギー:技術と世界市場

Renewable Energy: Technologies and Global Markets

発行 BCC Research 商品コード 339728
出版日 ページ情報 英文 307 Pages
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再生可能エネルギー:技術と世界市場 Renewable Energy: Technologies and Global Markets
出版日: 2019年06月28日 ページ情報: 英文 307 Pages
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概要

世界の再生可能エネルギー市場(バイオ燃料を除く)は、2018年の6,361億米ドルから2023年までに8,552億米ドルに達すると予測され、この間のCAGR (年間複合成長率) は6.1%となることが見込まれています。

当レポートでは、世界の再生可能エネルギー市場について調査分析を行い、市場概要、市場動向、今後の予測、市場に影響を及ぼす因子、各種再生可能エネルギーの概要、主要企業などについてまとめています。

第1章 イントロダクション

第2章 サマリー・ハイライト

第3章 世界の再生可能エネルギー市場概要

  • 概要
  • 再生可能エネルギー市場の分析
  • 再生可能エネルギー市場の決定因子
  • 再生可能エネルギー市場のセグメンテーション
  • 再生可能エネルギー市場の歴史
  • 再生可能エネルギーの設備容量
  • 電力需要の増加
  • 世界の再生可能エネルギー発電ロードマップ
  • 発電政策支援
  • 新しい再生可能エネルギー支援メカニズム

第4章 太陽光発電市場

  • 概要
  • 市場ダイナミクス
  • 太陽光発電市場
  • 太陽電池 (PV) 市場
  • 太陽熱発電 (CSP) 市場

第5章 風力発電市場

  • 概要
  • 市場ダイナミクス
  • 風力発電市場
  • 収益・設備容量:地域別
  • 設備容量クラスタリング
  • 風力発電の法的枠組み
  • 風力発電市場における競合
  • 風力発電市場における展開のロードマップ

第6章 地熱発電市場

  • 概要
  • 市場ダイナミクス
  • 世界の地熱エネルギー市場
  • 収益・設備容量:地域別
  • 地熱発電のライセンシング期間・法的枠組み
  • 地熱エネルギー市場における競合
  • 地熱への投資動向
  • 地熱エネルギー市場における展開のロードマップ

第7章 水力発電市場

  • 概要
  • 市場ダイナミクス
  • 水力発電市場
  • 水力発電の法的枠組み
  • 近年の全体的な世界の水力発電動向

第8章 海洋エネルギー市場

  • 概要
  • 海洋エネルギー技術の種類
  • 市場ダイナミクス
  • 海洋エネルギー市場
  • 収益・設備容量市場:地域別

第9章 輸送用液体バイオ燃料部門

  • 概要
  • バイオ燃料の原料
  • バイオ燃料の種類
  • バイオ燃料の最終製品
  • 市場ダイナミクス
  • バイオディーゼル市場
  • 収益・生産:地域別
  • バイオ燃料の法的枠組み
  • バイオ燃料市場における競合
  • バイオ燃料市場発展のロードマップ

第10章 再生可能エネルギーの需要に影響を及ぼす要因

  • 人口動態の変化
  • 政府助成金
  • 太陽エネルギーへの影響要因
  • PV設置のエコノミクス・コスト

第11章 政府規制

  • 環境政策への政府の関与
  • 再生可能エネルギー管理機関
  • 欧州委員会
  • 米国の州、地方および外国政府機関
  • 地域政府イニシアチブ
  • 地方政府イニシアチブ

第12章 再生可能エネルギー導入の課題

  • 太陽光発電
  • バイオ燃料
  • 波エネルギーと環境

第13章 特許レビュー/新たな開発

  • 技術
  • バイオテクノロジー
  • ナノテクノロジー
  • 再生可能エネルギー特許

第14章 企業プロファイル

  • 大手マルチセクターオペレーター
  • 再生可能エネルギー産業のサプライヤー
  • 水力発電
  • 風力エネルギー
  • 太陽エネルギー
  • 輸送向け液体バイオ燃料
  • 地熱エネルギー
  • 海洋エネルギー

第15章 再生可能エネルギー省

第16章 付録:用語

図表

List of Tables

  • Summary Table: Global Renewable Energy (Excluding Biofuels) Market, by Technology, Through 2023
    • Table 1: Global Renewable Electricity Installed Capacity Market, by Resource, Through 2022
    • Table 2: Number of Countries with Renewable Energy (Power Generation), by Type of Support Mechanism, 2014-2016
    • Table 3: Pounds of CO2 Emitted per Million BTU of Energy for Fuels
    • Table 4: Global Solar Power Market, by Installed Capacity and Revenue, Through 2023
    • Table 5: Global Solar Power Installed Capacity Market, by Technology, Through 2023
    • Table 6: Global Solar Power Market, by Technology, Through 2023
    • Table 7: Global Solar Power Installed Capacity Market, by Region, Through 2023
    • Table 8: Global Solar Power Market, by Region, Through 2023
    • Table 9: Global Solar PV Market, by Installed Capacity and Revenue, Through 2023
    • Table 10: Global Solar PV Installed Capacity Market, by Region, Through 2023
    • Table 11: Global Solar PV Market, by Region, Through 2023
    • Table 12: Global Solar PV Installed Capacity Market, by Technology, Through 2023
    • Table 13: Global Solar PV Market, by Technology, Through 2023
    • Table 14: North American Solar PV Installed Capacity Market, by Technology, Through 2023
    • Table 15: North American Solar PV Market, by Technology, Through 2023
    • Table 16: North American Solar PV Installed Capacity Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 17: North American Solar PV Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 18: European Solar PV Installed Capacity Market, by Technology, Through 2023
    • Table 19: European Solar PV Market, by Technology, Through 2023
    • Table 20: European Solar PV Installed Capacity Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 21: European Solar PV Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 22: Asia-Pacific Solar PV Installed Capacity Market, by Technology, Through 2023
    • Table 23: Asia-Pacific Solar PV Market, by Technology, Through 2023
    • Table 24: Asia-Pacific Solar PV Installed Capacity Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 25: Asia-Pacific Solar PV Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 26: RoW Solar PV Installed Capacity Market, by Technology, Through 2023
    • Table 27: RoW Solar PV Market, by Technology, Through 2023
    • Table 28: RoW Solar PV Installed Capacity Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 29: RoW Solar PV Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 30: Global Concentrated Solar Power Market, by Installed Capacity and Revenue, Through 2023
    • Table 31: Global CSP Installed Capacity Market, by Region, Through 2023
    • Table 32: Global CSP Market, by Region, Through 2023
    • Table 33: Global CSP Installed Capacity Market, by Technology, Through 2023
    • Table 34: Global CSP Market, by Technology, Through 2023
    • Table 35: North American CSP Installed Capacity Market, by Technology, Through 2023
    • Table 36: North American CSP Market, by Technology, Through 2023
    • Table 37: European CSP Installed Capacity Market, by Technology, Through 2023
    • Table 38: European CSP Market, by Technology, Through 2023
    • Table 39: Asia-Pacific CSP Installed Capacity Market, by Technology, Through 2023
    • Table 40: Asia-Pacific CSP Market, by Technology, Through 2023
    • Table 41: RoW CSP Installed Capacity Market, by Technology, Through 2023
    • Table 42: RoW CSP Market, by Technology, Through 2023
    • Table 43: Average Levelized Electricity Costs in the U.S., by Power Plant Type, 2013
    • Table 44: Global Wind Power Market, by Installed Capacity and Revenue, Through 2023
    • Table 45: Global Wind Power Installed Capacity Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 46: Global Wind Power Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 47: Global Wind Power Installed Capacity Market, by Region, Through 2023
    • Table 48: Global Wind Power Market, by Region, Through 2023
    • Table 49: North American Wind Power Installed Capacity Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 50: North American Wind Power Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 51: European Wind Power Installed Capacity Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 52: European Wind Power Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 53: Asia-Pacific Wind Power Installed Capacity Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 54: Asia-Pacific Wind Power Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 55: RoW Wind Power Installed Capacity Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 56: RoW Wind Power Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 57: Wind Power Clusters in North Sea and Baltic Sea Regions
    • Table 58: Comparative Analysis of Harmful Gases Emitted During Coal-Fired Versus Geothermal Power Generation
    • Table 59: Capacity Factor Range for Selected Renewable Technologies
    • Table 60: Global Geothermal Energy Market, by Installed Capacity and Revenue, Through 2023
    • Table 61: Global Geothermal Energy Installed Capacity Market, by Technology, Through 2023
    • Table 62: Global Geothermal Energy Market, by Technology, Through 2023
    • Table 63: Global Geothermal Energy Installed Capacity Market, by Region, Through 2023
    • Table 64: Global Geothermal Energy Market, by Region, Through 2023
    • Table 65: North American Geothermal Energy Installed Capacity Market, by Technology, Through 2023
    • Table 66: North American Geothermal Energy Market, by Technology, Through 2023
    • Table 67: European Geothermal Energy Installed Capacity Market, by Technology, Through 2023
    • Table 68: European Geothermal Energy Market, by Technology, Through 2023
    • Table 69: Asia-Pacific Geothermal Energy Installed Capacity Market, by Technology, Through 2023
    • Table 70: Asia-Pacific Geothermal Energy Market, by Technology, Through 2023
    • Table 71: RoW Geothermal Energy Installed Capacity Market, by Technology, Through 2023
    • Table 72: RoW Geothermal Energy Market, by Technology, Through 2023
    • Table 73: Legislative Framework for Geothermal Energy in Australia
    • Table 74: Hydroelectric Power Classification based on Output
    • Table 75: Global Average Renewable LEC, by Power Plant Type, 2010 and 2017
    • Table 76: Top 20 Countries, by Unutilized Hydropower Potential
    • Table 77: Global Hydroelectric Power Market, by Installed Capacity and Revenue, Through 2023
    • Table 78: Global Hydroelectric Power Installed Capacity Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 79: Global Hydroelectric Power Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 80: Global Hydroelectric Power Installed Capacity Market, by Region, Through 2023
    • Table 81: Global Hydroelectric Power Market, by Region, Through 2023
    • Table 82: North American Hydroelectric Power Installed Capacity Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 83: North American Hydroelectric Power Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 84: European Hydroelectric Power Installed Capacity Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 85: European Hydroelectric Power Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 86: Asia-Pacific Hydroelectric Power Installed Capacity Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 87: Asia-Pacific Hydroelectric Power Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 88: RoW Hydroelectric Power Installed Capacity Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 89: RoW Hydroelectric Power Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 90: Wave Energy Conversion Technologies, by Company
    • Table 91: Tidal Energy Conversion Technologies, by Company
    • Table 92: Major Tidal Energy Projects, by Country
    • Table 93: Global Ocean Power Market, by Installed Capacity and Revenue, Through 2023
    • Table 94: Global Ocean Power Installed Capacity Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 95: Global Ocean Power Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 96: Global Ocean Power Installed Capacity Market, by Region, Through 2023
    • Table 97: Global Ocean Power Market, by Region, Through 2023
    • Table 98: North American Ocean Power Installed Capacity Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 99: North American Ocean Power Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 100: European Ocean Power Installed Capacity Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 101: European Ocean Power Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 102: Asia-Pacific Ocean Power Installed Capacity Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 103: Asia-Pacific Ocean Power Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 104: RoW Ocean Power Installed Capacity Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 105: RoW Ocean Power Market Revenue, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 106: Substitutability of Biofuels
    • Table 107: Liquid Biofuel Production
    • Table 108: Global Biodiesel Market, by Production and Revenue, Through 2023
    • Table 109: Global Biodiesel Production, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 110: Global Biodiesel Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 111: Global Biodiesel Production, by Region, Through 2023
    • Table 112: Global Biodiesel Market, by Region, Through 2023
    • Table 113: North American Biodiesel Production, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 114: North American Biodiesel Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 115: European Biodiesel Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 116: European Biodiesel Production, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 117: Asia-Pacific Biodiesel Production, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 118: Asia-Pacific Biodiesel Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 119: RoW Biodiesel Production, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 120: RoW Biodiesel Market, by Application, Through 2023
    • Table 121: Roadmap of Biofuel Market Development
    • Table 122: Demographic Population Projections, by Region, Through 2050
    • Table 123: Global Population, by Age Groups, 2000, 2014 and 2016
    • Table 124: Total Cost of Tax Expenditures in the U.S., by Type of Production and Year, 2010- 2019
    • Table 125: Total Cost of Tax Expenditures, by Type of Power Plants and Year, 2010-2019
    • Table 126: China's Solar Energy Deployment Strategy and Targeted Costs Reduction
    • Table 127: India's Regional Technology Targets
    • Table 128: Environmental Commitments of Selected Countries and Regions
    • Table 129: U.S. Renewable Energy Technology Patent Application History, 2013-2016
    • Table 130: U.S. Renewable Energy Patents, 2015-2017
    • Table 131: European Renewable Energy Patents, 2015-2017

List of Figures

  • Summary Figure: Global Renewable Energy (Excluding Biofuels) Market, by Technology, 2017-2023
    • Figure 1: Global Carbon Dioxide Emission Levels, 2008-2017
    • Figure 2: Renewable Energy Market Segmentation
    • Figure 3: Global Renewable Electricity Installed Capacity Market Share, by Resource, 2016 and 2022
    • Figure 4: Global Leading PV Manufacturers' Market Share, by Shipments, 2017
    • Figure 5: Shares of Major Sources of Hazardous Air Pollutant Emissions in the U.S., 2012
    • Figure 6: Global Wind Turbine Installed Capacity Shares, by Company, 2016-2017
    • Figure 7: Geothermal Development Patterns: Vertical Integration Vs. In-Country Public-Private Financing
    • Figure 8: Global Geothermal Turbine Energy Market Shares, by Company, 2016-2017
    • Figure 9: Global Ocean Energy Market Share Analysis, by Company, 2013
    • Figure 10: Comparative Analysis: Production Pathways in Fossil Fuels and Biofuels
目次
Product Code: EGY049D

Report Highlights:

The global market for renewable energy (excluding biofuels) should grow from $636.1 billion in 2018 to reach $855.2 billion by 2023 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 6.1% for the period of 2018-2023.

Hydroelectric as a segment of renewable energy (excluding biofuels) market should grow from $392.2 billion in 2018 to reach $432.6 billion by 2023 at a CAGR of 2.0% for the period of 2018-2023.

Solar power as a segment of renewable energy (excluding biofuels) market should grow from $143.3 billion in 2018 to reach $286.3 billion by 2023 at a CAGR of 14.9% for the period of 2018-2023.

Report Scope:

This report covers the major sources of renewable energy as primary fuels: hydroelectric, wind, solar, geothermal and oceanic sources (wave, tidal and thermal). This study will be useful for both renewable technology and material suppliers along with power generation companies which produce power through renewable resources. It will be helpful for companies making decisions such as estimating market demand for technologies and materials, making expansion and upgrade plans for existing facilities, deciding on investments in renewable energy sectors, etc.

This report intensively deals with power generation through renewable resources and therefore does not focus on other applications of renewable resources. However, it provides basic data on applications such as heating and lighting.

The scope of this report is intentionally wide. We cover the major sources of renewable energy as primary fuels-hydroelectric, wind, solar, geothermal and oceanic sources (wave, tidal and thermal) and liquid biofuels for transportation. There is no shortage in the marketplace of reports on each of these sources. However, what existing reports lack and what this report is intended to provide is a global perspective that places each source in a relevant context for decision makers in both the public and private sectors.

In particular, this report includes:

  • An overview of the global market for renewable energy and technologies.
  • Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2017 and 2018 and projections through 2023.
  • Coverage of the major sources of renewable energy as primary fuels including: hydroelectric, wind, solar, geothermal and oceanic sources (wave, tidal and thermal).
  • Examination of the impact on the renewable energy market brought about by surging global demand for energy, the impact of climate change on alternative fuels, improvements in technology and the availability of new materials.
  • Comprehensive profiles of major players in the field and technology patents.

Report Includes:

  • 132 data tables
  • An overview of the global market for renewable energy and related applications and technologies
  • Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2017 to 2018, and projections of CAGRs through 2023
  • Coverage of the major sources of renewable energy as primary fuels, including hydroelectric, wind, solar, liquid biofuels for transportation, geothermal, and oceanic sources (wave, tidal and thermal)
  • Examination of the impact on the renewable energy market brought about by the surging global demand for energy, the impact of climate change on alternative fuels, improvements in technology, and the availability of new materials
  • Information on how each source of renewable energy may employ differing technologies, have differing constraints, and offer different possibilities to different classes of users
  • Comprehensive profiles of major players in the field, including Alstom Power, Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd., General Electric, Hitachi and Toshiba Corp.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction

  • Study Goals and Objectives
  • Reasons for Doing This Study
  • Scope of Report
  • Intended Audience
  • Methodology and Information Sources
  • Geographic Breakdown
    • Recent Developments
  • Analyst's Credentials
  • BCC Custom Research
  • Related BCC Research Reports

Chapter 2: Summary and Highlights

Chapter 3: Global Renewable Energy Market Overview

  • Overview
  • Renewable Energy Market Analysis
  • Renewable Energy Market Determinants
    • Growth of Carbon Dioxide Emission Levels
    • Institutions and Programs of Importance for the Renewable Energy Sector
    • Green-e Marketplace
    • LEED Certification Program
    • EPA's Green Power Partnership
    • EPA's Center for Corporate Climate Leadership
    • The Paris Agreement
  • Renewable Energy Market Segmentation
  • History of the Renewable Energy Market
  • Renewable Energy Installed Capacity
  • Growth in Electricity Demand
  • Global Roadmaps for Renewable Energy Generation
  • Power Generation Policy Support
  • New Renewable Energy Support Mechanisms
  • Feed-in Tariff/Feed-in Premium
  • Other Measures

Chapter 4: Solar Power Market

  • Overview
  • Market Dynamics
    • Market Drivers
    • Market Restraints
    • Market Opportunities
  • Solar Power Market
  • Solar PV Market
    • North American Solar PV Market
    • European Solar PV Market
    • Asia-Pacific Solar PV Market
    • RoW Solar PV Market
  • Concentrated Solar Power Market
    • North American CSP Market
    • European CSP Market
    • Asia-Pacific CSP Market
    • RoW CSP Market
  • Industry Structure of Licensed Capacity
    • Licensing Periods
    • Legislative Framework for Solar Power
    • Competition in the Solar PV Manufacturing Market

Chapter 5: Wind Power Market

  • Overview
  • Market Dynamics
    • Market Drivers
    • Market Restraints
    • Market Opportunities
  • Wind Power Market
  • Revenue and Installed Capacity by Region
    • North America
    • Europe
    • Asia-Pacific
    • RoW
  • Installed Capacity Clustering
  • Legislative Framework for Wind Power
    • Denmark
    • The European Union
    • India
    • Poland
    • United States
    • Australia
    • China
  • Competition in the Wind Power Market
  • Roadmap for Wind Power Market Development

Chapter 6: Geothermal Power Market

  • Overview
  • Market Dynamics
    • Market Drivers
    • Market Restraints
    • Market Opportunities
  • Global Geothermal Energy Market
  • Revenue and Installed Capacity by Region
    • North America
    • Europe
    • Asia-Pacific
    • RoW
  • Geothermal Power Licensing Periods and Legislative Frameworks
    • Iceland
    • France
    • Italy
    • Germany
    • United States
    • Australia
    • RoW
  • Competition in the Geothermal Energy Market
  • Geothermal Investment Trends
  • Roadmap of Geothermal Energy Market Development
    • North America
    • Europe
    • Asia-Pacific
    • ROW
    • Middle East and Africa

Chapter 7: Hydroelectric Power Market

  • Overview
    • Run-of-River Hydropower Plant
    • Pumped Storage
    • Storage Hydropower
  • Market Dynamics
    • Market Drivers
    • Market Restraints
    • Market Opportunities
  • Hydroelectric Power Market
  • Revenue and Installed Capacity by Region
    • North America
    • Europe
    • Asia-Pacific
    • RoW
  • Legislative Framework for Hydroelectric Power
    • China
    • United States
    • India
  • Recent General Global Hydropower Trends

Chapter 8: Ocean Energy Market

  • Overview
  • Types of Ocean Energy Technology
    • Wave Energy
    • Marine Current Energy
    • Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion
  • Market Dynamics
    • Market Drivers
    • Unstable Oil Prices
    • Global Warming
    • Declining Demand for Nuclear Power
    • Use of Coal
  • Ocean Power Market
  • Revenue and Installed Capacity Markets by Region
    • North America
    • Europe
    • Asia-Pacific
    • RoW
  • Licensing Period and Industry Structure for Licensed Capacity
  • Legislative Framework for Ocean Power
  • Competition in the Ocean Power Market
  • Recent News and Developments in the Global Ocean Power Market by Country
    • Belgium
    • Canada
    • China
    • Denmark
    • European Commission
    • France
    • Germany
    • India
    • Ireland
    • Italy
    • Republic of Korea
    • Mexico
    • The Netherlands
    • New Zealand
    • Norway
    • Portugal
    • Singapore
    • Spain
    • Sweden
    • United Kingdom
    • The United States

Chapter 9: Liquid Biofuels for the Transportation Sector

  • Overview
  • Biofuel Feedstocks
    • Crop Feedstock
    • Cellulosic Feedstock
    • Algae Feedstock
    • Carbon Dioxide Feedstock
  • Types of Biofuels
    • Conventional Biofuels
    • Advanced Biofuels
  • End-Products of Biofuels
    • Cellulosic Ethanol
    • Biodiesel
    • Biogas
    • Syngas
  • Market Dynamics
    • Market Drivers
    • Market Restraints
    • Market Opportunities
  • Biodiesel Market
  • Revenue and Production by Region
    • North America
    • Europe
    • Asia-Pacific
    • RoW
  • Legislative Framework for Biofuels
    • E.U. legislation for Biofuels and Biomass for Energy Purposes
    • U.S. Legislation for Biofuels and Biomass for Energy Purposes
    • U.S. National Renewable Fuel Standard
    • California Low Carbon Fuel Standard
  • Competition in the Biofuel Market
  • Roadmap of Biofuel Market Development

Chapter 10: Factors Influencing Demand for Renewable Energy

  • Demographic Population Changes
    • Age
    • Household Composition
    • Increasing Income
  • Government Subsidies
    • European Union
    • United States
  • Factors influencing Solar Energy
    • International Support for Photovoltaics
    • European Activities
    • Implementing the Vision in Europe
    • Germany's National Program
    • European Photovoltaic Industry Association
    • Japanese PV Efforts
    • Chinese Central Planning
    • National Energy Administration of China
    • 13th Renewable Energy Development Five-Year Plan (2016-2020)
    • India
    • India 175 GW Renewable Energy Target for 2022
    • Other International Support for Solar Energy
    • Standards and Conformity Assessment Organizations
  • Economics and Costs of PV Installations
    • Solar Rebates and Incentives
    • U.S. PV Incentive Programs
    • State PV Incentives
    • Property Tax Exemptions
    • Sales Tax Exemptions
    • Federal PV Incentives
    • Emissions Trading Programs
    • Emissions Trading Systems
    • Chinese Pilot Trading Schemes

Chapter 11: Government Regulations

  • Government Commitments to Environmental Measures
    • Feed-In Tariffs
    • Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS)
    • Power Purchase Agreements
    • Production Tax Credits
  • Renewable Energy Governing Bodies
    • United Nations Environment Programme
    • Division of Early Warning and Assessment
    • Division of Environmental Policy Division of Technology, Industry and Economics
    • Division of Policy Development and Law
    • Division of Environmental Policy Implementation
    • Division of Regional Cooperation
    • Division of Environmental Conventions
    • Global Environment Facility
    • UNEP Governing Bodies
    • UNEP Partnerships
    • UNEP Scientific Advisory Groups
    • The Ecosystem Conservation Group
    • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
    • The Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection
    • UNEP Energy Branch
    • Renewable Energy
    • Energy Efficiency
    • Sustainable Transport
    • Alternative Fuels
    • Roundtable of Sustainable Biofuels
    • International Resource Panel
    • Promoting Vehicle Energy Efficiency
    • Bioenergy Program
    • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
  • European Commission
    • European Energy Commission
  • U.S. State, Local and Foreign Government Agencies
    • U.S. DOE
    • Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
    • Biomass
    • Geothermal Power
    • Solar Power
    • Hydropower
    • Vehicles
    • Federal Energy Management Program
    • Weatherization Intergovernmental Program
    • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
    • EPA Energy
    • EPA Energy Star
  • Regional Government Initiatives
  • Local Government Initiatives

Chapter 12: Challenges to Renewable Energy Adoption

  • Solar Power
    • Capital Costs
    • PV Standards and Safety
    • International Standards
    • The Global Approval Program
    • Other Organizations
    • Hazardous Substances
  • Biofuels
  • Wave Energy and the Environment
    • Fish, Marine Life and Endangered Species
    • Visual Appearance and Noise
    • Sedimentary Flow Patterns
    • Device Fluid Leaks
    • Conflicts with Recreational Activities
    • U.S. Permit Process
    • FERC Process

Chapter 13: Patent Review/ New Developments

  • Technologies
  • Biotechnology
  • Nanotechnology
  • Renewable Energy Patents

Chapter 14: Company Profiles

  • Large Multi-Sector Operators
  • ACCIONA
  • BP
  • RWE
  • RWE NPOWER PLC
  • Renewable Energy Industry Suppliers
  • ABB LTD.
  • ALSTOM POWER
  • ANDRITZ AG
  • BHARAT HEAVY ELECTRICALS LTD.
  • DONGFANG ELECTRIC CORP. LTD.
  • FUJI ELECTRIC GROUP
  • GENERAL ELECTRIC
  • HARBIN ELECTRIC CO. LTD.
  • HITACHI
  • MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES
  • MITSUBISHI POWER SYSTEMS AMERICA
  • SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT
  • SIEMENS AG (HYDROPOWER)
  • TOSHIBA CORP.
  • Hydropower
  • AGDER ENERGI
  • BC HYDRO AND POWER AUTHORITY
  • CENTRAIS ELETRICAS BRASILEIRAS S.A. (ELETROBRAS)
  • CHINA HUADIAN
  • CHINA YANGTZE POWER CO. LTD.
  • DUKE ENERGY CORP.
  • GEORGIA POWER CO.
  • HYDRO GREEN ENERGY
  • HYDRO-QUEBEC
  • ONTARIO POWER GENERATION
  • RUSHYDRO
  • SHAOYANG HENGYUAN ZIJIANG HYDROELECTRIC EQUIPMENT CO., LTD.
  • SINOHYDRO
  • STAT KRAFT AS
  • VOITH AG
  • Wind Energy
  • ACCIONA
  • ENERCON GMBH
  • NORDEX SE
  • SIEMENSGAMESA
  • (XINJIANG) GOLDWIND SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • Solar Energy
  • CANADIAN SOLAR INC.
  • FIRST SOLAR INC.
  • HANWHA QCELLS
  • HYUNDAI HEAVY INDUSTRIES CO. LTD.
  • JA SOLAR PV TECHNOLOGY CO. LTD.
  • JINKOSOLAR HOLDING CO. LTD.
  • KYOCERA
  • MOTECH INDUSTRIES
  • SCHOTT SOLAR CSP
  • SHANGHAI JA SOLAR PV TECHNOLOGY CO. LTD.
  • SHARP CORP.
  • SOLAR FRONTIER LTD.
  • SUNPOWER CORP.
  • SUNTECH
  • TRINA SOLAR LTD.
  • YINGLI SOLAR
  • Liquid Biofuels for Transportation
  • AMYRIS BIOTECHNOLOGIES INC.
  • ARCHERS DANIELS MIDLAND
  • BIOJET CORP.
  • BLUEFIRE RENEWABLES
  • COSAN
  • COSKATA
  • GREEN PLAINS RENEWABLE ENERGY INC.
  • GREENSHIFT CORP.
  • GUSHAN ENVIRONMENTAL ENERGY
  • POET LLC
  • RENTECH INC.
  • SAPPHIRE ENERGY INC.
  • SOLAZYME INC.
  • SUSTAINABLE OILS
  • THORNEY TECHNOLOGIES LTD
  • VALERO ENERGY CORP.
  • VERENIUM BIOFUELS CORP.
  • Geothermal Energy
  • ALTAROCK ENERGY INC.
  • CALPINE CORP.
  • CHEVRON CORP.
  • COMISION FEDERAL DE ELECTRICIDAD
  • ENEL S.P.A.
  • ENERGY DEVELOPMENT CORP.
  • MERCURY NZ LTD (MIGHTY RIVER POWER)
  • ORMAT TECHNOLOGIES INC.
  • REYKJAVIK ENERGY (ORKUVEITA REYKJAVIKUR)
  • TOSHIBA POWER SYSTEMS
  • Ocean Power
  • ANDRITZ HYDRO HAMMERFES
  • AQUAMARINE POWER
  • AW-ENERGY
  • AWS OCEAN ENERGY LTD.
  • BIOPOWER SYSTEMS PTY LTD.
  • CARNEGIE WAVE ENERGY
  • OCEAN POWER TECHNOLOGIES
  • OPENHYDRO
  • ORECON
  • PELAMIS WAVE POWER
  • RENEWABLE ENERGY HOLDINGS
  • SDE
  • SEABASED AB
  • SIMEC ATLANTIS ENERGY (MARINE CURRENT TURBINES)
  • SYNCWAVE ENERGY INC.
  • TRIDENT ENERGY LTD.
  • VOITH HYDRO WAVEGEN LTD.
  • WAVE DRAGON
  • WAVE ENERGY
  • WAVE STAR ENERGY

Chapter 15: Renewable Energy Ministries

  • Ministry of Environmental Protection, People's Republic of China
    • Mandates
    • Departments
    • National Action Plan on Climate Change
    • Responsibilities
    • Current Environmental Situation
    • Key Areas and Main Tasks
  • Ministry of Environment and Forests of India
  • U.K. Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
    • Sustainable Development
    • SDIG Targets
    • Biodiversity
    • Sustainable Communities
    • Governance and Delivery
  • Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety of Germany

Chapter 16: Appendix: Glossary

  • Biodiesel
  • Biofuels
    • Biomass
    • Fee-for-Service Model
    • Feed-in tariff (FIT)
    • Hydropower
    • Levelized Cost of Energy (LCOE)
    • Mandate/Obligation
    • Regulatory Policy
    • Watt/Kilowatt/Megawatt/Gigawatt/Terawatt-Hour
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