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市場調査レポート

補償光学:技術と世界市場

Adaptive Optics: Technologies and Global Markets

発行 BCC Research 商品コード 305654
出版日 ページ情報 英文 229 Pages
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補償光学:技術と世界市場 Adaptive Optics: Technologies and Global Markets
出版日: 2014年06月13日 ページ情報: 英文 229 Pages
概要

人の眼はディスプレイの品質に敏感であり、補償光学(AO)はディスプレイの鮮明さを大幅に向上することができます。人の眼はそれぞれに異なる収差プロファイルを有していますが、AOはこれを個別に補うことができ、このことが消費者市場における同技術の発展を促進する要因となります。世界の補償光学(AO)システム市場は2013年には1億3,900万米ドルの規模に達し、2014年には1億5,700万米ドルに拡大することが見込まれています。2013年以降、市場はCAGR(複合年間成長率)87.9%で拡大し、2022年には約407億米ドルの市場規模となることが予測されています。

当レポートでは、世界の補償光学(AO)システム市場について分析し、市場概要、AO技術の概要、世界市場の実績・予測、天文学・バイオ医療・軍事/セキュリティー・消費者・通信・製造の部門別市場分析、ならびに主要企業のプロファイルをまとめています。

第1章 イントロダクション:はじめに

  • 調査の目標と目的
  • 調査実施理由
  • 調査範囲
  • 調査がもたらす恩恵と対象読者
  • 調査手法
  • 情報源
  • アナリストの略歴
  • 関連レポート
  • BCCオンラインサービス
  • 免責

第2章 サマリー

第3章 補償光学の概要

第4章 規制上の課題

  • FDA
    • モバイル医療アプリケーションとは?
    • FDAはモバイル医療アプリケーションをどのように規制するか?
    • FDAが施行の自由裁量(ENFORCEMENT DISCRETION)を適用しようとしているモバイル医療アプリケーション
    • FDAはモバイル機器およびモバイルアプリケーションストアを規制するのか?
    • このガイダンスは電子カルテに適用されるのか?
  • 欧州連合
  • 新興市場
  • レーザーの規制

第5章 AOシステム技術と新たな発展

  • 波面センサー
    • 概要
  • レーザーガイド星の作成
    • 天文学
    • 医療
    • 軍用
    • 産業
    • 消費者
  • 波面モジュレーター(変調器)
    • ゼルニケ多項式
    • 代替物
  • 可変鏡

第6章 補償光学の主な成長の軌跡

  • 概要
  • 応用科学研究
    • 企業研究天文学
    • 研究顕微鏡
    • 原子間力顕微鏡
  • 軍用
    • 主要な研究活動
    • 軍用予測に影響を及ぼす要素
  • 医療
  • 産業
  • 消費者

第7章 世界の動向と地域別AO売上高

  • 応用科学研究
  • 軍事用途
  • 医療用途

第8章 AO市場、産業別・用途別

  • 科学研究
  • 天文学
  • 軍用
    • LIDAR/LADAR
    • 通信
    • 戦場
    • 物流
    • セキュリティー
  • 医療
    • 研究
    • 応用
  • 産業
    • 3Dプリンティング
    • マシンビジョン
    • 自動車
    • 消費者
    • ヘッドマウントディスプレイ
    • スマート通信
      • VRD
      • マイクロディスプレイ
    • アマチュア天文学

第9章 国際的な懸念事項

  • 年齢層
  • 世界経済指標
    • AO市場
      • 医療
      • 産業
      • 消費者
  • 世界経済活動

第10章 結論

  • 技術的目標
  • 規制上の懸念事項
  • 商業的な懸念事項
    • 知的財産権
    • コスト削減
    • 規制上の課題
    • 市場要因

第11章 企業プロファイル

  • 天文学
    • 専門
    • アマチュア
    • 軍用
  • 医療
    • 眼科
    • 3Dデジタル視覚化
    • その他
    • バイオプリンティング
  • 産業
    • 3Dプリンティング
    • 自動車
    • リソグラフィー
  • 消費者
    • HMD/VRD
    • スマート通信オペレーティングシステム
    • その他のディスプレイシステム

第12章 付録I:人の眼の概要

第13章 付録II:ハイエンドおよびローエンド消費者市場におけるAOのコスト構造

第14章 付録III:最近のAOに関連した特許活動

第15章 付録IV:FDAのモバイル医療に関する勧告

第16章 付録V:頭字語

図表

目次
Product Code: PHO008A

REPORT HIGHLIGHTS

The global market for adaptive optics (AO) systems reached $139 million in 2013. This market is expected to grow to $157 million in 2014 and about $40.7 billion in 2022, a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 87.9% over the nine-year period from 2013 to 2022.

This report provides:

  • An overview of the global market for adaptive optics
  • Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2013, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2022.
  • A breakdown of the market into segments including astronomy, biomedical, military/security, consumer, communications and sensing, and manufacturing
  • Details on major suppliers, including their market shares, their technology strengths and weaknesses, and their market strategies
  • Comprehensive profiles of leading companies in the industry.

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

This report will take a 10-year look at the global market growth potential for adaptive optics (AO) systems. The report will also present findings on the technology and commercial drivers for the deployment of AO systems in applied scientific research, military, medical, industrial and consumer markets. It provides forecasts of the growth of AO revenues through 2022 for the scientific research, military, medical, industrial and consumer industries.

AO has emerged from the shadows of astronomy research because of its stunning success in allowing large ground-based telescopes to outperform highly publicized space-based systems such as Hubble. It does this by removing aberrations from starlight caused by the Earth's atmosphere. AO can be used to improve the quality of any image, whether presented to the human retina or for further processing in other image capture systems such as machine vision (MV) or additive manufacturing (AM) systems.

AO is a fast developing optical system technology that will affect a broad range of industries. Although the concept is simple, it is currently a complex system technology. However, the potential for system simplification and cost reduction has far-reaching implications and creates real commercial opportunities. This report will try to balance just enough technical information with commercial factors. It will provide a broad understanding of how AO can be integrated into many different products and industries.

It is important to note that, for the purposes of this report, the definition of an AO system is “a system technology that achieves the desired goal of adding or removing aberrations to or from light wavefronts to improve image clarity and resolution for delivery to a vision system, biological or machine.” Thus, the current complexity can be simplified with dramatic system cost reductions.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY

The human eye is sensitive to display quality and AO provides a significant improvement in display clarity. Each individual's eyes have different aberration profiles and AO can compensate for this on an individual basis. This is a major driver for the consumer market. Technologies are being developed that will reduce AO system costs to a level appropriate for consumer markets and applications. The markets for these applications are, or will become, very competitive. This report looks into the nature of the competition and the major competitive issues facing vendors in these markets.

Although the integration of AO systems into consumer products was practically nonexistent in 2013, this will change quite rapidly as system costs decrease dramatically. Current markets for AO systems are primarily the scientific research, military and medical industries. Academia, government and industry are keen to see AO component costs driven down to consumer levels (see Appendix II). It is important that vendors understand the market dynamics and potential for AO, as consumer growth will be explosive. The development of new products and technologies that benefit from AO makes this more complicated for decision makers. Vendors need to understand the market forces and technology integration possibilities of AO in order to take advantage of consumer products integration.

SCOPE OF REPORT

The primary scope of this report is to investigate market revenue growth prospects for AO systems. These include near eye displays, mobile displays, machine vision, adaptive driver assistance systems (ADAS) for automobiles, medical systems and emerging markets such as 3D printing. The report forecasts growth of existing AO markets, including scientific research applications, medical and military applications. It also includes estimates of the system cost reductions resulting from technology developments and the economies of manufacturing consumer quantities of components.

Various factors were taken into account in making the market forecast, including new technologies, and the rate of technology and market adoption with realistic assessments of the role of AO as a disruptive as well as a sustaining technology.

The report will look at how the development of new technologies affects price and performance. In some cases, the need for the highest quality AO system will mean system prices remain high. However, the introduction of new materials and technologies will enable AO systems to be integrated into high-volume consumer products.

Recent advances in materials technology, including graphene, electrically sensitive polymers and other materials, can dramatically reduce the cost of components. Advances in the interrogation and modulation of an aberrated wavefront offer reduced cost and increased speed. These and other advantages provide large cost reductions for applications in the medical, military, industrial and consumer segments.

The report also recognizes major global social and economic trends and their impact on market growth as drivers of technology development in all market segments.

ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS

John Bourgein has several decades experience in high technology with global corporations as well as start-ups. This includes the semiconductor, digital security, sensor and pharmaceutical manufacturing industries, and consumer product-related assignments as a consultant. He has both public accounting qualifications and a marketing MBA from Columbia University.

Recent research and product development projects include emissions control using Fabry-Perot extrinsic optical sensors and a revolutionary head mounted display technology which, unfortunately, cannot be mentioned in this report.

He has worked with law firms as a consultant in identifying breaches of IP as well as defensive research on prior art. He also found a buyer for a small photonics company's portfolio of patents, relating to a single technology, which sold in the seven-figure range.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION

  • STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
  • REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
  • SCOPE OF REPORT
  • CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE STUDY AND INTENDED AUDIENCE
  • METHODOLOGY
  • INFORMATION SOURCES
  • ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
  • RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
  • BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
  • DISCLAIMER

CHAPTER 2 - SUMMARY

  • SUMMARY TABLE: GLOBAL REVENUE GROWTH OF AO MARKET, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
  • SUMMARY FIGURE: GLOBAL REVENUE GROWTH OF AO MARKET, 2013-2022 ($ MILLIONS)

CHAPTER 3 - OVERVIEW OF ADAPTIVE OPTICS

  • TABLE 1: MAIN CHARACTERISTICS OF ADAPTIVE OPTICS SYSTEMS
  • TABLE 2: CURRENT USES OF ADAPTIVE OPTICS SYSTEMS
  • TABLE 3: FUTURE USES OF AO SYSTEMS
  • TABLE 4: ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF ADAPTIVE OPTICS SYSTEMS
  • TABLE 5: APPLICATIONS OF ADAPTIVE OPTICS SYSTEMS
  • TABLE 6: HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENTS IN ADAPTIVE OPTICS SYSTEMS

CHAPTER 4 - REGULATORY ISSUES

  • FDA
    • WHAT ARE MOBILE MEDICAL APPS?
    • HOW WILL THE FDA REGULATE MOBILE MEDICAL APPS?
    • MOBILE MEDICAL APPS THAT THE FDA WILL REGULATE
    • MOBILE APPS FOR WHICH THE FDA INTENDS TO EXERCISE ENFORCEMENT DISCRETION
    • DOES THE FDA REGULATE MOBILE DEVICES AND MOBILE APP STORES?
    • DOES THE GUIDANCE APPLY TO ELECTRONIC HEALTH RECORDS?
  • EUROPEAN UNION
  • EMERGING MARKETS
  • REGULATION OF LASERS
    • TABLE 7: LASER STANDARDS AND SAFETY CLASSES

CHAPTER 5 - AO SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY AND NEW DEVELOPMENTS

  • WAVEFRONT SENSOR
    • GENERAL
      • Shack-Hartmann Wavefront Sensor
        • Pyramid Wavefront Sensor
        • Interferometric Techniques
        • Polarized Shearing Interferometer (PSI)
      • Ray Tracing Aberrometry
      • Wavelet Transform Profilometry
      • Numerical Holograms
      • Wavefront Sensorless Adaptive Optics
        • Fourier Domain Optical Coherence Tomography
        • Walsh Functions
  • LASER GUIDE STAR CREATION
    • ASTRONOMY
    • MEDICAL
      • Alternatives
    • MILITARY
    • INDUSTRIAL
    • CONSUMER
  • WAVEFRONT MODULATOR
    • ZERNIKE POLYNOMIALS
    • ALTERNATIVES
  • DEFORMABLE MIRRORS
    • TABLE 8: TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT FOR LOW-COST AO WAVEFRONT CORRECTION ALTERNATIVE TO DEFORMABLE MIRRORS
    • TABLE 9: LIST OF DEFORMABLE MIRROR MANUFACTURERS

CHAPTER 6 - MAJOR GROWTH TRAJECTORY FOR ADAPTIVE OPTICS

  • OVERVIEW
  • APPLIED SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH
    • INSTITUTIONAL RESEARCH ASTRONOMY
      • TABLE 10: NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION 2013 PRO-RATA FUNDING OF PROJECTS WITH AO COMPONENTS ($)
      • TABLE 11: NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION 2013 PRO-RATA ASTRONOMY DIVISION FUNDING OF AO-RELATED PROJECTS BY UNIVERSITY ($ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 1: NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION 2013 PRO-RATA ASTRONOMY DIVISION FUNDING OF AO-RELATED PROJECTS BY UNIVERSITY ($ MILLIONS)
    • RESEARCH MICROSCOPY
      • TABLE 12: TYPES OF MICROSCOPY
    • ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPES
      • TABLE 13: AFM MANUFACTURERS BY REGION
      • FIGURE 2: AFM MANUFACTURERS BY REGION
  • MILITARY
    • MAJOR RESEARCH ACTIVITY
      • LIDAR/LADAR
      • High Energy Laser (HEL)
      • Battlefield
    • FACTORS AFFECTING MILITARY FORECAST
      • Political Uncertainty on Budgets
      • Expectation that AO System Costs will Drop as Forecast
      • Special Operations Forces Will Integrate AO Despite Budget Issues
      • Space-Based Defense Technology Spending will be Maintained at 2013 Levels.
  • MEDICAL
    • TABLE 14: LIST OF INNOVATIVE MEDICAL RESEARCH PROJECTS BY ACADEMIA AND MANUFACTURERS
  • INDUSTRIAL
    • TABLE 15: 3D PRINTING TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 16: LIST OF 3D PRINTER MANUFACTURERS
    • FIGURE 3: 3D PRINTER MANUFACTURERS BY REGION
  • CONSUMER
    • TABLE 17: CONSUMER MARKET UNIT SHIPMENTS FOR OTHER DISPLAY SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2022 (THOUSANDS OF UNITS)
    • FIGURE 4: CONSUMER MARKET UNIT SHIPMENTS FOR OTHER DISPLAY SYSTEMS, 2015 AND 2022 (THOUSANDS OF UNITS)
    • TABLE 18: CONSUMER MARKET REVENUES FROM OTHER DISPLAY SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2022 ($ BILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 5: CONSUMER MARKET REVENUES FROM OTHER DISPLAY SYSTEMS, 2015 AND 2022 ($ BILLIONS)

CHAPTER 7 - GLOBAL TRENDS AND REGIONAL AO REVENUES

  • APPLIED SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH
    • TABLE 19: REVENUE GROWTH FOR APPLIED SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH APPLICATIONS BY REGION, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 6: REVENUE GROWTH FOR APPLIED SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH APPLICATIONS BY REGION, 2013-2022 ($ MILLIONS)
  • MILITARY APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 20: REVENUE GROWTH FOR MILITARY APPLICATIONS BY REGION, 2013-2022 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 7: REVENUE GROWTH FOR MILITARY APPLICATIONS BY REGION 2013-2022 ($ MILLIONS)
  • MEDICAL APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 21: REVENUE GROWTH FOR MEDICAL APPLICATIONS BY REGION, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 8: REVENUE GROWTH FOR MEDICAL APPLICATIONS BY REGION, 2013-2022 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 22: REVENUE GROWTH FOR INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS BY REGION, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 9: REVENUE GROWTH FOR INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS BY REGION, 2013-2022 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 23: REVENUE GROWTH FOR CONSUMER APPLICATIONS BY REGION, 2013-2022 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 10: REVENUE GROWTH FOR CONSUMER APPLICATIONS BY REGION, 2013-2022 ($ MILLIONS)

CHAPTER 8 - AO MARKETS BY INDUSTRY AND APPLICATION

  • SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH
    • TABLE 24: REVENUE GROWTH BY APPLICATION SEGMENT FOR SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 11: REVENUE GROWTH BY APPLICATION SEGMENT FOR SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH, 2013-2022 ($ MILLIONS)
  • ASTRONOMY
    • TABLE 25: GLOBAL LARGE TELESCOPE DEVELOPMENT AND INSTALLATION LOCATIONS WITH AO
  • MILITARY
    • LIDAR/LADAR
    • COMMUNICATIONS
    • BATTLEFIELD
    • LOGISTICS
    • SECURITY
      • TABLE 26: ADAPTIVE OPTICS CENTER OF EXCELLENCE FOR NATIONAL SECURITY LABORATORIES
      • TABLE 27: REVENUE GROWTH BY APPLICATION SEGMENT FOR MILITARY, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 12: REVENUE GROWTH BY APPLICATION SEGMENT FOR MILITARY, 2013-2022 ($ MILLIONS)
  • MEDICAL
    • RESEARCH
      • Optical Tweezers
      • Autologous Cell Therapy (ACT)
        • Cell Processing Professionals
        • Cell Biologists
        • Bioprocess Engineers
      • Bioprinting
    • APPLICATIONS
      • TABLE 28: REVENUE GROWTH BY MEDICAL APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 13: REVENUE GROWTH BY MEDICAL APPLICATION SEGMENT, 2013-2022 ($ MILLIONS)
  • INDUSTRIAL
    • 3D PRINTING
      • Industrial
      • Consumer
        • Target Age Groups
          • Ages 8-18
          • Ages 19-50
          • Age 51+
    • MACHINE VISION
      • Semiconductor Fabrication and Design
      • Nanomanufacturing
        • TABLE 29: LIST OF NANOMANUFACTURING RESEARCH CENTERS AND THEIR RESEARCH OBJECTIVES
    • AUTOMOBILE
      • TABLE 30: AUTOMOBILE ELECTRONIC SYSTEM MANUFACTURERS
      • TABLE 31: REVENUE GROWTH FOR INDUSTRIAL BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 14: REVENUE GROWTH FOR INDUSTRIAL BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, 2013-2022 ($ MILLIONS)
    • CONSUMER
      • OVERVIEW
        • TABLE 32: REVENUE GROWTH FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
        • FIGURE 15 REVENUE GROWTH FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, 2013-2022 ($ MILLIONS)
    • HEAD MOUNTED DISPLAYS
      • TABLE 33: A BRIEF HISTORY OF HMD TECHNOLOGY
      • TABLE 34: HMD SYSTEM VENDORS
      • TABLE 35: MICRODISPLAY SILICON FOUNDRIES FOR HMD DISPLAY SILICON
      • TABLE 36: LCOS VENDORS FOR HMD DISPLAYS
      • TABLE 37: NON-LCOS VENDORS FOR HMD DISPLAYS
      • TABLE 38: HMD MICRODISPLAY RESEARCH CENTERS
    • SMART COMMUNICATIONS
      • VRD
      • Microdisplays
        • TABLE 39: TOTAL SMART COMMUNICATION DEVICE UNIT SHIPMENTS BY REGION, THROUGH 2022 (MILLIONS)
        • FIGURE 16: TOTAL SMART COMMUNICATION DEVICE UNIT SHIPMENTS BY REGION, 2013 AND 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
        • TABLE 40: VRD SMART COMMUNICATION DEVICES UNIT SHIPMENTS BY REGION, THROUGH 2022 (MILLION UNITS)
        • FIGURE 17: VRD SMART COMMUNICATION DEVICES UNIT SHIPMENTS BY REGION, 2013 AND 2022 (MILLION UNITS)
        • TABLE 41: SCREEN DISPLAY SMART COMMUNICATION DEVICES UNIT SHIPMENTS BY REGION, THROUGH 2022 (MILLIONS)
        • FIGURE 18: SCREEN DISPLAY SMART COMMUNICATION DEVICES UNIT SHIPMENTS BY REGION, 2013 AND 2022 (MILLION UNITS)
    • AMATEUR ASTRONOMY
      • TABLE 42: AMATEUR ASTRONOMY MANUFACTURERS

CHAPTER 9 - INTERNATIONAL CONSIDERATIONS

  • AGE DEMOGRAPHICS
    • TABLE 43: GLOBAL INCREASE IN OLDER AGE GROUPS, 2010-2030 (%)
    • FIGURE 19: GLOBAL INCREASE IN OLDER AGE GROUPS, 2010-2030 (%)
    • TABLE 44: GLOBAL INCREASE IN ALL AGE GROUPS, 2010 AND 2022 (BILLION)
    • FIGURE 20: GLOBAL INCREASE FOR ALL AGE GROUPS, 2010 AND 2022 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 45: AGE GROUP SIZE BY REGION, 2010 (BILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 21: AGE GROUP SIZE BY REGION, 2010 ($ BILLIONS)
  • GLOBAL ECONOMIC INDICATORS
    • AO MARKETS
      • Medical
      • Industrial
      • Consumer
  • GLOBAL ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
    • TABLE 46: WORLD GDP GROWTH, 2013-2016 (%)
    • FIGURE 22: WORLD GDP GROWTH, 2013-2016 (%)
    • TABLE 47: GLOBAL DEPENDENCY RATIOS FOR THE PERIOD OF 2010-2030 (% RATIO)
    • FIGURE 23: GLOBAL DEPENDENCY RATIOS FOR THE PERIOD OF 2010-2030 (% RATIO)

CHAPTER 10 - CONCLUSIONS

  • TECHNOLOGY GOALS
  • REGULATORY CONCERNS
  • COMMERCIAL CONCERNS
    • INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
    • COST REDUCTION
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
    • MARKET FACTORS

CHAPTER 11 - COMPANY PROFILES

  • ASTRONOMY
    • PROFESSIONAL
      • 3S Photonics S.A.S.
        • Avensys Inc. (North America)
      • ALPAO SAS
      • Boston Micromachines Corp.
      • CILAS
      • Imagine Optic
      • Iris AO Inc.
    • AMATEUR
      • Astro-Physics Inc.
      • Celestron LLC
      • Edmund Optics Inc.
      • Obsession Telescopes
      • Orion Telescopes & Binoculars
      • Santa Barbara Instrument Group (SBIG)
    • MILITARY
      • AAI Corp.
      • Aeryon Labs Inc.
      • Aoptix
      • Insitu Inc.
      • Lockheed Martin Corp.
      • Northrop Grumman Corp.
        • Northrop Grumman AOA Xinetics Division
      • Raytheon Co.
  • MEDICAL
    • OPHTHALMIC
      • Abbott Laboratories
      • Bioptigen Inc.
      • Canon Inc.
      • Carl Zeiss Meditec
    • 3D DIGITAL VISUALIZATION
      • Heidelberg Engineering
      • NIDEK Inc.
      • Optovue Inc.
    • OTHER
      • Agfa HealthCare Corp.
      • Boston Scientific Corp.
      • Conmed Co.
      • Cook Medical Inc.
      • HOYA Corp. USA
      • Karl Storz Endoscopy-America Inc.
      • Olympus
      • Richard Wolf GmbH
      • Stryker
        • Stryker Endoscopy
      • Topcon Medical Systems Inc.
    • BIOPRINTING
      • Regenovo Biotechnology Co.
      • Organovo Holdings Inc.
      • Printerinks
      • University of Wollongong-BioPen
  • INDUSTRIAL
    • 3D PRINTING
      • 3D Systems
      • 3Geometry Manufacturing Systems
      • Arcam
      • Asiga Global
      • Aspect Inc.
      • BeAM Machines
      • CMET Inc.
      • Concept Laser GmbH
      • CRP Technology SRL (Windform)
      • EnvisionTEC GmbH
      • EOS-Electro Optical Systems GmbH
      • ExOne
      • Netfabb GmbH
      • Lithoz GmbH
      • LUXeXceL
      • Mcor Technologies Ltd.
      • MicroFab Technologies Inc.
      • Microfabrica Inc.
      • Optomec
      • Renishaw PLC
      • RepRap.org
      • Sciaky Inc.
      • Sigma Labs Inc.
      • SLM Solutions GmbH
      • Stratasys Ltd.
        • Stratasys Ltd. (USA)
      • Trump Precision Machinery Co. Ltd.
      • Voxeljet GmbH
      • Zecotek Photonics Inc.
    • MACHINE VISION
      • Adimec
      • Advanced Vision Technology Ltd. (AVT)
      • Allied Vision Technologies GmbH
      • Automated Vision LLC
      • Basler AG
      • Cognex Corp.
      • Teledyne Dalsa Inc.
      • Teledyne DALSA Imaging
      • Edmund Optics
      • Fairchild Imaging
      • Integral Vision Inc.
      • ISRA Vision AG
      • Keyence Corp.
      • Navitar Inc.
      • Phoenix Imaging
      • Stemmer Imaging GmbH
      • Vision & Control GmbH
      • Vision Components GmbH
      • Wintriss Engineering
    • AUTOMOBILE
      • ADASENS Automotive GmbH
      • Apple Inc.
      • Airbiquity Inc.
      • Aisin-Seiki Co. Ltd.
      • Autoliv Inc.
      • Banner Engineering Corporate
      • Car Connectivity Consortium (CCC)
      • Continental Aktiengesellschaft
      • Delphi Automotive LLP
      • Denso Corp.
      • Fujitsu Ten Ltd.
      • Gentex Corp.
      • Google Inc.
      • Harman International
      • Mobileye N.V.
      • Robert Bosch GmbH
      • Valeo Vision Tech Center
    • LITHOGRAPHY
      • aBeam Technologies Inc.
      • Applied Materials
      • Aselta Nanographics
      • ASML
        • ASML U.S.
      • Attocube Systems AG
        • Attocube Systems Inc. (U.S.)
      • Berliner Glas
        • Berliner Glas US Office for Photonics
      • Brewer Science
      • Brion Technologies Inc.
      • Cadence Design Systems Inc.
      • Carl Zeiss SMS GmbH
      • Coventor Inc.
      • Cedrat Technologies SA
      • Corning Inc.
      • Cymer
      • Entegris
      • Eulitha AG
      • Micro Resist Technology GmbH
      • Lightspeed Technologies Inc.
      • TSMC
  • CONSUMER
    • HMD/VRD
      • Atheer Labs Inc.
      • BAE Systems PLC
      • Canon U.S.A. Inc.
      • Carl Zeiss
      • Elbit Systems Ltd.
      • eMagin Corp.
      • Seiko Epson Corp.
      • Forth Dimension Displays Ltd.
      • GlassUp
      • Google Inc.
      • Himax Display Inc.
      • Innovega Inc.
      • Kopin Corp.
      • Lumus Ltd.
      • MicroVision Inc.
      • NVIDIA
      • Oculon Optoelectronics Inc.
      • Oculus VR Inc.
      • Olympus Corp.
      • Optinvent SA
      • Penny
      • Rockwell Collins
      • SBG Labs Inc.
      • Sensics Inc.
      • Sony Computer Entertainment America LLC
      • The Technology Partnership PLC
      • Vuzix Corp.
    • SMART COMMUNICATION OPERATING SYSTEMS
      • Apple Inc.
      • Microsoft Corp.
      • Google Inc.
    • OTHER DISPLAY SYSTEMS
      • 3M
      • Acer
      • ASUSTeK Computer Inc.
      • AU Optronics Corp. America
      • Compaq
      • Dell Inc.
      • Eizo Corp.
      • LG Electronics Inc.
      • NEC Display Solutions
      • Royal Philips
      • Samsung Display
      • Sceptre Inc.
      • Sharp Electronics Corp.
      • Viewsonic International

CHAPTER 12 - APPENDIX I: AN OVERVIEW OF THE HUMAN EYE

  • FIGURE 24: THE HUMAN EYE

CHAPTER 13 - APPENDIX II: COST STRUCTURE OF AO FOR HIGH-END AND LOW-END CONSUMER MARKETS

  • TABLE 48: FORECAST AO SYSTEM COST FOR ASTRONOMY APPLICATIONS, 2013-2015 ($)
  • FIGURE 25: FORECAST AO SYSTEM COST FOR ASTRONOMY APPLICATIONS, 2013-2015 ($)
  • TABLE 49: FORECAST AO SYSTEM COST FOR LOW-COST SYSTEMS BASED ON CURRENTLY AVAILABLE TECHNOLOGY, 2013-2015 ($)
  • FIGURE 26: FORECAST AO SYSTEM COST FOR LOW-COST SYSTEMS BASED ON CURRENTLY AVAILABLE TECHNOLOGY, 2013-2015 ($)
  • TABLE 50: FORECAST AO SYSTEM COST FOR CONSUMER APPLICATIONS BASED ON SUSTAINING TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT, 2015-2022 ($)
  • FIGURE 27: FORECAST AO SYSTEM COST FOR CONSUMER APPLICATIONS BASED ON SUSTAINING TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT, 2015-2022 ($)
  • TABLE 51: FORECAST AO SYSTEM COST FOR CONSUMER APPLICATIONS BASED ON DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT, 2015-2022 ($)
  • FIGURE 28: FORECAST AO SYSTEM COST FOR CONSUMER APPLICATIONS BASED ON DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT, 2015-2022 ($)

CHAPTER 14 - APPENDIX III: RECENT AO-RELATED PATENT ACTIVITY

  • TABLE 52: MOST RECENT 48 USPTO AND WIPO PATENTS FILED OR ISSUED WITH AO MENTIONED IN PATENT ABSTRACT, MARCH 5, 2013 TO MARCH 4, 2014
  • TABLE 53: MOST RECENT 48 USPTO AND WIPO PATENTS FILED OR ISSUED WITH THE PHRASE "ADAPTIVE OPTICS" IN THE PATENT ABSTRACT BY COUNTRY, MARCH 5, 2013 TO MARCH 4, 2014 (NO. OF PATENTS)
  • FIGURE 29: MOST RECENT 48 USPTO AND WIPO PATENTS FILED OR ISSUED WITH THE PHRASE “ADAPTIVE OPTICS” IN THE PATENT ABSTRACT BY COUNTRY, MARCH 5, 2013 TO MARCH 4, 2014 (NO. OF PATENTS)
  • TABLE 54: MOST RECENT 48 PATENTS FILED OR ISSUED WITH THE PHRASE ""ADAPTIVE OPTICS" IN THE PATENT ABSTRACT BY FILER OR ASSIGNEE TYPE, MARCH 5, 2013 TO MARCH 4, 2014 (NO. OF PATENTS)
  • FIGURE 30: MOST RECENT 48 PATENTS FILED OR ISSUED WITH THE PHRASE “ADAPTIVE OPTICS” IN THE PATENT ABSTRACT BY FILER OR ASSIGNEE TYPE, MARCH 5, 2013 TO MARCH 4, 2014 (NO. OF PATENTS)
  • TABLE 55: MOST RECENT 48 PATENTS FILED OR ISSUED WITH THE PHRASE (NO. OF PATENTS/%)
  • FIGURE 31: MOST RECENT 48 PATENTS FILED OR ISSUED WITH THE PHRASE “ADAPTIVE OPTICS” IN THE PATENT ABSTRACT BY REPORT SEGMENT, MARCH 5, 2013 TO MARCH 4, 2014 (%)

CHAPTER 15 - APPENDIX IV: : FDA MOBILE MEDICAL ADVISORY

  • EXAMPLES OF MOBILE APPS THAT ARE NOT MEDICAL DEVICES
  • EXAMPLES OF MOBILE APPS FOR WHICH FDA INTENDS TO EXERCISE ENFORCEMENT DISCRETION
  • EXAMPLES OF MOBILE APPS THAT ARE THE FOCUS OF FDA'S REGULATORY OVERSIGHT (MOBILE MEDICAL APPS)
  • MOBILE APPS THAT TRANSFORM A MOBILE PLATFORM INTO A REGULATED MEDICAL DEVICE AND THEREFORE ARE MOBILE MEDICAL APPS
  • MOBILE APPS THAT CONNECT TO AN EXISTING DEVICE TYPE FOR PURPOSES OF CONTROLLING ITS OPERATION, FUNCTION OR ENERGY SOURCE AND THEREFORE ARE MOBILE MEDICAL APPS
  • MOBILE APPS THAT DISPLAY, TRANSFER, STORE, OR CONVERT PATIENT-SPECIFIC MEDICAL DEVICE DATA FROM A CONNECTED DEVICE AND THEREFORE ARE MOBILE MEDICAL APPS

CHAPTER 16 - APPENDIX V: : ACRONYMS

LIST OF TABLES

  • SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL REVENUE GROWTH OF AO MARKET, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 1: MAIN CHARACTERISTICS OF ADAPTIVE OPTICS SYSTEMS
    • TABLE 2: CURRENT USES OF ADAPTIVE OPTICS SYSTEMS
    • TABLE 3: FUTURE USES OF AO SYSTEMS
    • TABLE 4: ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF ADAPTIVE OPTICS SYSTEMS
    • TABLE 5: APPLICATIONS OF ADAPTIVE OPTICS SYSTEMS
    • TABLE 6: HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENTS IN ADAPTIVE OPTICS SYSTEMS
    • TABLE 7: LASER STANDARDS AND SAFETY CLASSES
    • TABLE 8: TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT FOR LOW-COST AO WAVEFRONT CORRECTION ALTERNATIVE TO DEFORMABLE MIRRORS
    • TABLE 9: LIST OF DEFORMABLE MIRROR MANUFACTURERS
    • TABLE 10: NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION 2013 PRO-RATA FUNDING OF PROJECTS WITH AO COMPONENTS ($)
    • TABLE 11: NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION 2013 PRO-RATA ASTRONOMY DIVISION FUNDING OF AO-RELATED PROJECTS BY UNIVERSITY ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 12: TYPES OF MICROSCOPY
    • TABLE 13: AFM MANUFACTURERS BY REGION
    • TABLE 14: LIST OF INNOVATIVE MEDICAL RESEARCH PROJECTS BY ACADEMIA AND MANUFACTURERS
    • TABLE 15: 3D PRINTING TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 16: LIST OF 3D PRINTER MANUFACTURERS
    • TABLE 17: CONSUMER MARKET UNIT SHIPMENTS FOR OTHER DISPLAY SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2022 (THOUSANDS OF UNITS)
    • TABLE 18: CONSUMER MARKET REVENUES FROM OTHER DISPLAY SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2022 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 19: REVENUE GROWTH FOR APPLIED SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH APPLICATIONS BY REGION, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 20: REVENUE GROWTH FOR MILITARY APPLICATIONS BY REGION, 2013-2022 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 21: REVENUE GROWTH FOR MEDICAL APPLICATIONS BY REGION, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 22: REVENUE GROWTH FOR INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS BY REGION, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 23: REVENUE GROWTH FOR CONSUMER APPLICATIONS BY REGION, 2013-2022 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 24: REVENUE GROWTH BY APPLICATION SEGMENT FOR SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 25: GLOBAL LARGE TELESCOPE DEVELOPMENT AND INSTALLATION LOCATIONS WITH AO
    • TABLE 26: ADAPTIVE OPTICS CENTER OF EXCELLENCE FOR NATIONAL SECURITY LABORATORIES
    • TABLE 27: REVENUE GROWTH BY APPLICATION SEGMENT FOR MILITARY, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 28: REVENUE GROWTH BY MEDICAL APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 29: LIST OF NANOMANUFACTURING RESEARCH CENTERS AND THEIR RESEARCH OBJECTIVES
    • TABLE 30: AUTOMOBILE ELECTRONIC SYSTEM MANUFACTURERS
    • TABLE 31: REVENUE GROWTH FOR INDUSTRIAL BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 32: REVENUE GROWTH FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 33: A BRIEF HISTORY OF HMD TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 34: HMD SYSTEM VENDORS
    • TABLE 35: MICRODISPLAY SILICON FOUNDRIES FOR HMD DISPLAY SILICON
    • TABLE 36: LCOS VENDORS FOR HMD DISPLAYS
    • TABLE 37: NON-LCOS VENDORS FOR HMD DISPLAYS
    • TABLE 38: HMD MICRODISPLAY RESEARCH CENTERS
    • TABLE 39: TOTAL SMART COMMUNICATION DEVICE UNIT SHIPMENTS BY REGION, THROUGH 2022 (MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 40: VRD SMART COMMUNICATION DEVICES UNIT SHIPMENTS BY REGION, THROUGH 2022 (MILLION UNITS)
    • TABLE 41: SCREEN DISPLAY SMART COMMUNICATION DEVICES UNIT SHIPMENTS BY REGION, THROUGH 2022 (MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 42: AMATEUR ASTRONOMY MANUFACTURERS
    • TABLE 43: GLOBAL INCREASE IN OLDER AGE GROUPS, 2010-2030 (%)
    • TABLE 44: GLOBAL INCREASE IN ALL AGE GROUPS, 2010 AND 2022 (BILLION)
    • TABLE 45: AGE GROUP SIZE BY REGION, 2010 (BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 46: WORLD GDP GROWTH, 2013-2016 (%)
    • TABLE 47: GLOBAL DEPENDENCY RATIOS FOR THE PERIOD OF 2010-2030 (% RATIO)
    • TABLE 48: FORECAST AO SYSTEM COST FOR ASTRONOMY APPLICATIONS, 2013-2015 ($)
    • TABLE 49: FORECAST AO SYSTEM COST FOR LOW-COST SYSTEMS BASED ON CURRENTLY AVAILABLE TECHNOLOGY, 2013-2015 ($)
    • TABLE 50: FORECAST AO SYSTEM COST FOR CONSUMER APPLICATIONS BASED ON SUSTAINING TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT, 2015-2022 ($)
    • TABLE 51: FORECAST AO SYSTEM COST FOR CONSUMER APPLICATIONS BASED ON DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT, 2015-2022 ($)
    • TABLE 52: MOST RECENT 48 USPTO AND WIPO PATENTS FILED OR ISSUED WITH AO MENTIONED IN PATENT ABSTRACT, MARCH 5, 2013 TO MARCH 4, 2014
    • TABLE 53: MOST RECENT 48 USPTO AND WIPO PATENTS FILED OR ISSUED WITH THE PHRASE "ADAPTIVE OPTICS" IN THE PATENT ABSTRACT BY COUNTRY, MARCH 5, 2013 TO MARCH 4, 2014 (NO. OF PATENTS)
    • TABLE 54: MOST RECENT 48 PATENTS FILED OR ISSUED WITH THE PHRASE ""ADAPTIVE OPTICS" IN THE PATENT ABSTRACT BY FILER OR ASSIGNEE TYPE, MARCH 5, 2013 TO MARCH 4, 2014 (NO. OF PATENTS)
    • TABLE 55: MOST RECENT 48 PATENTS FILED OR ISSUED WITH THE PHRASE (NO. OF PATENTS/%)

LIST OF FIGURES

  • SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL REVENUE GROWTH OF AO MARKET, 2013-2022 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 1: NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION 2013 PRO-RATA ASTRONOMY DIVISION FUNDING OF AO-RELATED PROJECTS BY UNIVERSITY ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 2: AFM MANUFACTURERS BY REGION
    • FIGURE 3: 3D PRINTER MANUFACTURERS BY REGION
    • FIGURE 4: CONSUMER MARKET UNIT SHIPMENTS FOR OTHER DISPLAY SYSTEMS, 2015 AND 2022 (THOUSANDS OF UNITS)
    • FIGURE 5: CONSUMER MARKET REVENUES FROM OTHER DISPLAY SYSTEMS, 2015 AND 2022 ($ BILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 6: REVENUE GROWTH FOR APPLIED SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH APPLICATIONS BY REGION, 2013-2022 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 7: REVENUE GROWTH FOR MILITARY APPLICATIONS BY REGION 2013-2022 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 8: REVENUE GROWTH FOR MEDICAL APPLICATIONS BY REGION, 2013-2022 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 9: REVENUE GROWTH FOR INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS BY REGION, 2013--2022 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 10: REVENUE GROWTH FOR CONSUMER APPLICATIONS BY REGION, 2013--2022 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 11: REVENUE GROWTH BY APPLICATION SEGMENT FOR SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH, 2013-2022 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 12: REVENUE GROWTH BY APPLICATION SEGMENT FOR MILITARY, 2013-2022 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 13: REVENUE GROWTH BY MEDICAL APPLICATION SEGMENT, 2013--2022 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 14: REVENUE GROWTH FOR INDUSTRIAL BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, 2013--2022 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 15: REVENUE GROWTH FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, 2013--2022 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 16: TOTAL SMART COMMUNICATION DEVICE UNIT SHIPMENTS BY REGION, 2013 AND 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 17: VRD SMART COMMUNICATION DEVICES UNIT SHIPMENTS BY REGION, 2013 AND 2022 (MILLION UNITS)
    • FIGURE 18: SCREEN DISPLAY SMART COMMUNICATION DEVICES UNIT SHIPMENTS BY REGION, 2013 AND 2022 (MILLION UNITS)
    • FIGURE 19: GLOBAL INCREASE IN OLDER AGE GROUPS, 2010--2030 (%)
    • FIGURE 20: GLOBAL INCREASE FOR ALL AGE GROUPS, 2010 AND 2022 ($ BILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 21: AGE GROUP SIZE BY REGION, 2010 ($ BILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 22: WORLD GDP GROWTH, 2013-2016 (%)
    • FIGURE 23: GLOBAL DEPENDENCY RATIOS FOR THE PERIOD OF 2010-2030 (% RATIO)
    • FIGURE 24: THE HUMAN EYE
    • FIGURE 25: FORECAST AO SYSTEM COST FOR ASTRONOMY APPLICATIONS, 2013--2015 ($)
    • FIGURE 26: FORECAST AO SYSTEM COST FOR LOW-COST SYSTEMS BASED ON CURRENTLY AVAILABLE TECHNOLOGY, 2013-2015 ($)
    • FIGURE 27: FORECAST AO SYSTEM COST FOR CONSUMER APPLICATIONS BASED ON SUSTAINING TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT, 2015-2022 ($)
    • FIGURE 28: FORECAST AO SYSTEM COST FOR CONSUMER APPLICATIONS BASED ON DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT, 2015-2022 ($)
    • FIGURE 29: MOST RECENT 48 USPTO AND WIPO PATENTS FILED OR ISSUED WITH THE PHRASE "ADAPTIVE OPTICS" IN THE PATENT ABSTRACT BY COUNTRY, MARCH 5, 2013 TO MARCH 4, 2014 (NO. OF PATENTS)
    • FIGURE 30: MOST RECENT 48 PATENTS FILED OR ISSUED WITH THE PHRASE "ADAPTIVE OPTICS" IN THE PATENT ABSTRACT BY FILER OR ASSIGNEE TYPE, MARCH 5, 2013 TO MARCH 4, 2014 (NO. OF PATENTS)
    • FIGURE 31: MOST RECENT 48 PATENTS FILED OR ISSUED WITH THE PHRASE "ADAPTIVE OPTICS" IN THE PATENT ABSTRACT BY REPORT SEGMENT, MARCH 5, 2013 TO MARCH 4, 2014 (%)
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