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市場調査レポート

金属空気電池:材料・技術・世界市場

Air-Electrode Batteries: Materials, Technologies and Global Markets

発行 BCC Research 商品コード 298138
出版日 ページ情報 英文 158 Pages
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金属空気電池:材料・技術・世界市場 Air-Electrode Batteries: Materials, Technologies and Global Markets
出版日: 2014年03月24日 ページ情報: 英文 158 Pages
概要

再生可能エネルギー貯蔵技術および電気自動車の利用は、化石燃料価格の上昇および環境懸念の拡大への対応として、現代社会の転換をもたらすことになります。電池はエネルギーを貯蔵するための最も一般的なデバイスであると認識されていますが、その効率の悪さと高いコストゆえにその市場は比較的制限されています。現在の市場においては、エネルギーは発電するよりも貯蔵する方が高くなります。金属空気電池は、少ない保守と長寿により、高いエネルギー密度のシステムに対するニーズに応えます。世界の金属空気電池市場は2013年に4億5,310万米ドルの規模に達しており、今後CAGR(複合年間成長率)31.0%の伸びで、2018年には4億8,900万米ドルに達する見込みとなっています。

当レポートでは、世界の金属空気電池市場について分析し、技術概要、電池の種類、および用途についてまとめ、市場発展促進および制約要素を分析するとともに、金属別・用途別・電池タイプ別に市場の現状と見通しを提示し、主要企業のプロファイル、特許状況をまとめるなど、概略下記の構成でお届けいたします。

第1章 イントロダクション

  • 調査の目標と目的
  • 調査実施理由
  • 調査範囲
  • 対象読者
  • 調査手法・情報源
  • アナリストの略歴
  • 関連レポート
  • BCCオンラインサービス
  • 免責

第2章 サマリー

第3章 金属空気電池の概要

  • 電池:定義
  • 歴史
  • 金属空気電池とその市場

第4章 世界の金属空気電池市場

  • 医療機器用金属空気電池
  • 電気自動車用金属空気電池
  • 電力網エネルギー貯蔵用金属空気電池
  • 電動自転車用電池
  • 軍事市場
  • 世界の金属空気電池市場、金属別
  • 世界の空気亜鉛電池市場、用途別
  • 世界の空気亜鉛電池市場、電池タイプ別
  • 世界の空気アルミニウム電池市場、用途別
  • 世界の金蔵空気電池市場、電池タイプ別
  • 世界の金蔵空気電池市場、セルタイプ別

第5章 電池のタイプと技術

  • 電池:定義
  • 働き
  • 電池のタイプ
  • 燃料電池

第6章 電池の用途

  • 輸送
  • TESLAスーパーチャージャー
  • エネルギー貯蔵
  • 軍用

第7章 金属資源

  • 亜鉛
  • 米国における亜鉛
  • リサイクリング
  • リチウム
  • アルミニウム
  • リサイクリング
  • マグネシウム
  • ナトリウム

第8章 市場発展促進・制約要素

  • エネルギー貯蔵
  • 競争
  • 電気自動車

第9章 プレスリリース

第10章 特許状況

第11章 企業プロファイル

第12章 用語集

図表

目次
Product Code: FCB038A

The global metal air batteries market reached $453.1 million in 2013. This market is expected to grow to $489 million in 2018, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 31.0%.

This report provides:

  • An overview of the global market for metal-air batteries.
  • Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2012, estimates for 2013, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2018.
  • Analysis of the market in terms of industry organization, key market drivers and limiters, marketing and business strategies, environmental considerations, and governmental involvement
  • Relevanat patent analysis
  • Comprehensive profiles of leading companies in the industry.

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVE

This study provides a comprehensive analysis of the global metal-air batteries market. Metal-air batteries represent a relatively new technology among all the different battery technologies. This study describes the technology in detail and analyzes a selection of metals employed in air-batteries with a focus on zinc, lithium, aluminum and magnesium.

The product life cycle is at the introduction stage and the market potential is enormous. Increase in fossil fuel price accompanied by new regulations and increase in the use of renewable energy sources will drive the market of electric vehicles and energy storage. The switch to battery for both grid energy storage and vehicles requires new standards and regulations, thus imposing new marketing tactics, strategic alliances, innovative business models and research and development (R&D) outsourcing paradigms.

This report addresses the drivers and limiters of this new model and offers an exhaustive analysis of the metal-air batteries market.

REASON FOR DOING THE STUDY

The use of renewable energy storage technologies and electric vehicles will result in the transformation of modern society in response to the increase in fossil fuel prices and to environmental concerns. Batteries are considered the most common device to store energy, but because of poor efficiency and high cost, their market is relatively limited. In the current market, energy is more expensive to store than to generate. Metal-air batteries respond to the need for high-energy density systems with low maintenance and long life. The report analyzes the market of metal-air batteries including historical sales in 2012 and 2013. Sales are forecast through 2018.

This study is an invaluable instrument for understanding the ways in which energy storage and the electric vehicles market are rapidly changing by forming new paradigms and marketing strategies. The market is characterized by the creation of partnerships, collaborations and mergers and acquisitions (M&A). Batteries for energy storage are great companions for the smart grid. Small- to medium-sized start-ups and academic institutions do the heavy lifting of research and development, but big companies are now taking an interest in this technology as well. Governments regulate the market.

Metal-air batteries still represent a niche market. However, thanks to the huge energy density of the cells and exceptionally low weight of the modules, they offer outstanding characteristics compared to any other technology known today.

SCOPE OF THE REPORT

The scope of this report is to describe and compare the numerous battery technologies available on the market, with a focus on the characteristics of metal-air cells. Each technology comes with tradeoffs and the report analyzes costs, benefits, drawbacks and applications of metal-air cells, compared to other technologies. Ample space is given to the state of the art of this technology. A discussion of the properties of different metals applied to metal-air cells (zinc, lithium, aluminum, magnesium, sodium and iron) is also provided. Since it is at its infancy, the metal-air batteries market is now mostly a small niche for medical devices. However, because of their unique characteristics (massive energy density and light weight), they have been developed for electric-vehicles and as energy storage devices for the electric grid. The global market will increase at a 31% compound annual growth rate through 2018.

Profiles of key market players and small startups are also included. Major products that generate revenues, as well as the most-valuable R&D products that will come on the market up to 2018 are provided.

In-depth competitive market analysis is discussed, with examples of how new products will enter the market or how existing products will survive or perish. The report also includes a very detailed description of current and future technologies for the fabrication of metal-air cells.

ANALYST CREDENTIALS

Alessandro Varotto holds a Master's degree in Industrial Chemistry and a PhD in Chemistry with a specialty in Nanotechnology and Materials Science. Dr. Varotto has worked as a research scientist in both academic and industry environments. He is the author of 15 peer-reviewed research articles, a patent, a book and dozens of technical papers in the field of materials for renewable energy technologies.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION

  • STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVE
  • REASON FOR DOING THE STUDY
  • SCOPE OF THE REPORT
  • INTENDED AUDIENCE
  • METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCE
  • ANALYST CREDENTIALS
  • RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
  • BCC RESEARCH ONLINE SERVICES
  • DISCLAIMER

CHAPTER 2 - SUMMARY

  • SUMMARY TABLE: GLOBAL METAL-AIR BATTERIES MARKET BY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
  • SUMMARY FIGURE: GLOBAL METAL-AIR BATTERIES MARKET, 2012-2018 ($ MILLIONS)

CHAPTER 3 - METAL-AIR BATTERIES OVERVIEW

  • BATTERIES - DEFINITION
  • HISTORY
    • TABLE 1: MAIN EVENTS IN THE HISTORY OF BATTERIES
  • METAL-AIR BATTERIES AND THE MARKET
    • TABLE 2: COMPANY AND MARKETED ZINC-AIR BATTERY BRANDS
    • FIGURE 1: EXAMPLE OF ENERGY DENSITIES (THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL) OF SEVERAL BATTERY TECHNOLOGIES
    • FIGURE 2: SCHEMATIC STRUCTURE OF A STANDARD BATTERY COMPARED TO A METAL-AIR BATTERY

CHAPTER 4 - METAL-AIR BATTERIES GLOBAL MARKET

  • METAL-AIR BATTERIES FOR MEDICAL DEVICES
    • TABLE 3: GLOBAL METAL-AIR BATTERIES FOR HEARING AID DEVICES MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
  • METAL-AIR BATTERIES FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES
    • TABLE 4: GLOBAL METAL-AIR BATTERY MARKET FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
  • METAL-AIR BATTERIES MARKET FOR GRID ENERGY STORAGE
    • TABLE 5: GLOBAL METAL-AIR BATTERIES FOR GRID ENERGY STORAGE MARKET, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
  • BATTERIES FOR ELECTRIC BIKES
    • TABLE 6: GLOBAL METAL-AIR BATTERIES FOR ELECTRIC BIKES MARKET, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
  • MILITARY MARKET
    • TABLE 7: GLOBAL METAL-AIR BATTERIES FOR THE MILITARY MARKET, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
  • GLOBAL METAL-AIR BATTERIES MARKET, BY METAL
    • TABLE 8: GLOBAL METAL-AIR BATTERIES MARKET BY METAL, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
  • GLOBAL ZINC-AIR BATTERIES MARKET, BY APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 9: GLOBAL ZINC-AIR BATTERIES MARKET BY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
  • GLOBAL ZINC-AIR BATTERIES MARKET, BY BATTERY TYPE
    • TABLE 10: GLOBAL ZINC-AIR BATTERIES MARKET BY BATTERY TYPE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
  • GLOBAL ALUMINUM-AIR BATTERIES MARKET, BY APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 11: GLOBAL ALUMINUM-AIR BATTERIES MARKET BY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
  • GLOBAL METAL-AIR BATTERIES MARKET, BY BATTERY TYPE
    • TABLE 12: GLOBAL METAL-AIR BATTERIES MARKET BY BATTERY TYPE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
  • GLOBAL METAL-AIR BATTERIES MARKET, BY CELL TYPE
    • TABLE 13: GLOBAL METAL-AIR BATTERIES MARKET BY BATTERY TYPE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)

CHAPTER 5 - TYPES OF BATTERIES AND TECHNOLOGIES

  • BATTERIES - DEFINITION
  • OPERATION
    • ELECTRIC CHARGE
    • CHEMICAL REACTIONS: CHANGE IN OXIDATION STATE
    • ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS
      • Battery Characteristics
  • TYPES OF BATTERIES
    • PRIMARY BATTERIES
      • Miniature Batteries
      • Batteries for Portable Equipment
      • SLI Batteries
      • Stationary Battery
      • Battery for Load Leveling
      • Battery for Grids and Smart Grids
    • SECONDARY BATTERIES
      • Lead-acid
        • Discharge
        • Charging
        • Ion Motion
        • Applications
      • Nickel-Metal Hydride
        • Self-discharge
        • Applications
          • Electric Vehicles
          • Telecommunications
      • Zebra
        • Vehicles
      • Lithium-Ion
        • Electrolytes
      • Nickel-hydrogen Cell
      • Sodium Sulfur Cell
      • Lithium Sulfur
        • Degradation
        • Safety
        • Research
  • FUEL CELLS
    • PEM FUEL CELL
    • ALKALINE FUEL CELL
    • PHOSPHORIC ACID FUEL CELL
      • Electrode Reactions
    • MOLTEN CARBONATE FUEL CELL
    • SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL
    • HYDROGEN AIR FUEL CELL
      • Fueling
      • Performance
      • Hydrogen Production
    • METAL-AIR BATTERIES
      • TABLE 14: METAL AIR BATTERIES: OPEN CIRCUIT VOLTAGE (OCV) AND SPECIFIC ENERGY AS A FACTOR OF THE METAL
      • Metal Air Secondary Cells
        • The Oxygen Electrode
      • Iron Electrodes and Iron-Air Cells
      • Li-Air Batteries
        • Configuration
          • TABLE 15: CHARACTERISTIC PARAMETERS OF LITHIUM-AIR CELLS IN DIFFERENT CONFIGURATIONS
          • TABLE 16: LITHIUM-AIR BATTERY CONFIGURATION AND PERFORMANCE
        • The Air Cathode
        • Pore Structure and Carbon Materials
        • Catalyst
          • TABLE 17: DIFFERENT CATALYSTS AND THEIR CHARACTERISTICS USED IN LITHIUM-AIR BATTERIES
        • Electrolytes
          • TABLE 18: DIFFERENT ELECTROLYTES AND THEIR CHARACTERISTICS USED IN LITHIUM-AIR BATTERIES
        • Current Collectors
        • Membranes
        • Li-Metal Anode: Architecture
        • Pore size
        • Thickness of the Electrode
        • Carbon Load
        • Partial Pressure
        • Electrolyte
        • Li-Metal Anode
          • Degradation
        • Surface Modification
          • TABLE 19: PATENTS ABOUT LITHIUM-AIR BATTERIES
      • Zinc-Air Batteries
        • Metal Zinc Anode
        • Dendrite Formation
        • Separator
        • Electrolyte
        • Cathode
        • Air Electrode Structure
        • Catalyst
          • TABLE 20: LIST OF COMPANIES DEVELOPING TECHNOLOGIES FOR ZINC-AIR BATTERIES (EXCLUDING HEARING-AID DEVICES)
          • TABLE 21: WORLD ZINC PRODUCERS, 2011
      • Magnesium Air Batteries
        • TABLE 22: EXAMPLES OF VARIOUS BATTERY TECHNOLOGIES COMPARED TO MAGNESIUM-AIR CELLS CHARACTERISTICS
        • Magnesium Anode
          • TABLE 23: MAGNESIUM-AIR ANODES AND CHARACTERISTICS
        • Air Cathode
        • Applications
          • TABLE 24: POTENTIAL OF MAGNESIUM IN MAGNESIUM-AIR CELLS AS A FUNCTION OF VARIOUS ELECTROLYTES
    • ALUMINUM-AIR BATTERIES
      • OTHER METALS
        • Iron
        • Sodium

CHAPTER 6 - BATTERY APPLICATIONS

  • TRANSPORTATION
    • HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE
    • PLUG-IN HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE
    • EXTENDED-RANGE ELECTRIC VEHICLE
    • BATTERY ELECTRIC VEHICLE (BEV)
    • THE BATTERY MARKET FOR EV
      • Opportunities and Challenges for Automakers, Battery Makers and Utilities Providers
        • Battery Makers
        • Utilities Providers
          • TABLE 25: ELECTRIC VEHICLES SOLD IN DIFFERENT COUNTRIES, 2012 AND 2013
          • TABLE 26: TOP 15 STATES RANKED BY CHARGING POINTS IN THE UNITED STATES
    • TESLA SUPERCHARGER
      • Coverage
        • North America
        • Europe
      • Optimal Charging
        • TABLE 27: LIST OF ELECTRIC CARS AVAILABLE ON THE 2012 MARKET
    • COLLABORATION BETWEEN U.S. AND CHINA
    • ELECTRIC BIKES
    • ELECTRIC MOTORCYCLES
    • MOBILITY SCOOTERS
      • Key Drivers
    • ENERGY STORAGE
      • TABLE 28: EXAMPLES OF LARGE SCALE BATTERY ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS
  • MILITARY
    • Types of Military Batteries
      • Non-rechargeable Batteries
      • Rechargeable Batteries
      • Lithium Sulfur Dioxide (LiSO2) Batteries
      • Lithium Thionyl Chloride (Li-SOCl2) Batteries
      • Lithium Manganese Dioxide (LiMnO2) Batteries
      • Nickel Cadmium (NiCd) Batteries
      • Lithium-ion (Li-ion) Batteries
      • Lithium-ion Polymer Batteries

CHAPTER 7 - METAL RESOURCES

  • ZINC
    • TABLE 29: ZINC PROPERTIES
  • ZINC IN THE UNITED STATES
    • TABLE 30: U.S. IMPORT SOURCES OF ZINC IN PERCENT BY COUNTRY, 2008-2011 (%)
  • Recycling
    • TABLE 31: WORLD MINE PRODUCTION AND RESERVES OF ZINC, 2011 AND 2012 (THOUSANDS OF METRIC TONNES)
  • LITHIUM
    • TABLE 32: LITHIUM PROPERTIES
    • TABLE 33: WORLD MINE PRODUCTION AND RESERVES OF LITHIUM, 2011 AND 2012 (THOUSANDS OF METRIC TONNES)
  • ALUMINUM
    • TABLE 34: ALUMINUM PROPERTIES
    • TABLE 35: WORLD MINE PRODUCTION AND RESERVES OF ALUMINUM, 2011 AND 2012 (THOUSANDS OF METRIC TONNES)
  • RECYCLING
  • MAGNESIUM
    • TABLE 36: MAGNESIUM PROPERTIES
    • TABLE 37: WORLD MINE PRODUCTION AND RESERVES OF MAGNESIUM, 2011 AND 2012 (THOUSANDS OF METRIC TONNES)
  • IRON
    • TABLE 38: IRON PROPERTIES
    • TABLE 39: WORLD MINE PRODUCTION OF PIG IRON, 2011 AND 2012 (MILLIONS OF METRIC TONNES)
  • SODIUM
    • TABLE 40: SODIUM PROPERTIES

CHAPTER 8 - DRIVERS AND LIMITERS

  • TABLE 41: DRIVERS OF THE GLOBAL METAL-AIR BATTERIES MARKET
  • TABLE 42: LIMITERS OF THE GLOBAL METAL-AIR BATTERIES MARKET
  • ENERGY STORAGE
  • COMPETITION
    • EOS ENERGY STORAGE
      • FIGURE 3: BILL OF MATERIALS FOR EOS' ZYNTH BATTERY (PERCENT $/KWH)
    • POWAIR ZINC-AIR FLOW BATTERY
    • FLUIDIC ENERGY
    • VIZN ENERGY SYSTEM
    • POWERZINC
    • IBM
    • AROTECH
    • POLYPLUS
  • ELECTRIC VEHICLES
    • RANGE
    • SAFETY
    • R&D
    • VEHICLE FINANCING
    • CHARGING STATIONS
      • TABLE 43: TOP 15 STATES AND NUMBER OF CHARGING STATIONS FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES
    • EVSE DEPLOYMENT
      • Zoning
      • Parking
      • Codes
      • Permitting
      • Partnership and Procurement
      • Total Cost of Ownership
        • TABLE 44: ELECTRIC CAR SHARING PROGRAMS AND LOCATION
    • MARKET
    • DIVERSITY
      • Signals
    • MULTI-UNIT DWELLING (MUD)
    • POLICY
    • PHYNERGY
    • ELECTRIC BIKES
    • ELECTRIC MOTORCYCLES
    • MOBILITY SCOOTERS
      • Key Drivers
    • LIMITERS

CHAPTER 9 - PRESS RELEASES

  • TABLE 45: PRESS RELEASES AFFECTING THE GLOBAL METAL-AIR BATTERIES MARKET

CHAPTER 10 - PATENT STATUS

  • TABLE 46: LIST OF PATENTS ABOUT METAL-AIR BATTERIES OWNED BY TESLA MOTORS
  • TABLE 47: LIST OF PATENTS ABOUT METAL-AIR BATTERIES OWNED BY TOYOTA JAPAN
  • TABLE 48: LIST OF PATENTS ABOUT METAL-AIR BATTERIES OWNED BY FORD MOTOR COMPANY
  • TABLE 49: LIST OF PATENTS ABOUT METAL-AIR BATTERIES OWNED BY GENERAL ELECTRIC

CHAPTER 11 - COMPANY PROFILES

  • ALTERNATIVE INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION [AIMA]
    • STRATEGY
  • AROTECH CORPORATION
  • ASTER CAPITAL
  • AUCMA GROUP
  • AUSTRALIAN ENERGY MARKET OPERATOR
  • BASF GLOBAL
  • BATTERIES PLUS
    • PRODUCTS
  • BATTLE ELECTRIC BICYCLE CO. LTD.
    • PRODUCTS
  • BEIQI FOTON MOTOR CO. LTD.
  • BIRDIE ELECTRIC VEHICLE CO. LTD.
  • BLUECAR
  • BMW AG
  • BODO ELECTRIC VEHICLE GROUP, INC.
  • BYD COMPANY LTD.
  • BYD AUTO
  • BYVIN
    • PRODUCTS
  • CAPRICORN VENTURE PARTNERS
  • CHANGAN AUTOMOBILE GROUP
  • CODA ENERGY
  • COMPACT POWER COMPANY
  • DAIMLER AG
  • DEMETER PARTNERS
  • DURACELL BATTERIES
    • PRODUCTS
  • EASTERN CONNECTION
  • ELECTRIC FUEL BATTERY CORPORATION
  • ELECTRIC FUEL LIMITED
  • ELECTROCHEM AUTOMATION, INC.
    • PRODUCTS
  • EMERALD TECHNOLOGY VENTURES
  • ENERGIZER HOLDINGS, INC.
    • BATTERY PRODUCTS
  • ENTSO-E
  • ENVIA SYSTEMS, INC.
    • TECHNOLOGY
  • EOS
    • TECHNOLOGY
    • PRODUCTS
    • STRATEGY
  • EPSILOR ELECTRONIC INDUSTRIES
  • ESPIRITO SANTO VENTURES
  • EXCELLATRON
    • TECHNOLOGY
    • APPLICATIONS
    • STRATEGY
  • FAW GROUP CORPORATION
  • FDK CORPORATION
    • PRODUCTS
  • FIAT
  • FISKER AUTOMOTIVE
    • PRODUCTS
  • FLUIDIC ENERGY
    • TECHNOLOGY
    • PRODUCTS
  • FLYING PIGEON BICYCLE CO. LTD.
  • FORD MOTOR COMPANY
  • FOSTER BICYCLE CO. LTD.
  • PRODUCTS
  • FROG CAPITAL LTD.
  • GAMMA BICYCLE CO. LTD.
  • GENERAL MOTORS COMPANY
  • GIANT MANUFACTURING CO. LTD.
    • PRODUCTS
  • GP BATTERIES
    • PRODUCTS
  • GREENCOAT CAPITAL
  • GREENTECH AUTOMOTIVE, INC.
    • TECHNOLOGY
    • PRODUCTS
  • HITACHI MAXELL LTD.
  • HONDA MOTOR CO. LTD.
  • HONGDU E-BICYCLE CO. LTD.
    • PRODUCTS
  • HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY
  • INCALCU ELECTRIC VEHICLE CO. LTD.
    • PRODUCTS
  • JAC MOTORS
  • KAIQI ELECTRIC BICYCLE COMPANY
    • PRODUCTS
  • KING LONG UNITED AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY CO. LTD.
  • LG CHEM CO. LTD.
  • LIMA ENERGY PROJECT
  • LIOX POWER INC
  • LITHIUM AIR INDUSTRIES, INC.
    • TECHNOLOGY
    • PRODUCTS
    • STRATEGY
  • LUYUAN ELECTRIC VEHICLE CO. LTD.
  • LVJU E-BIKE
  • LVNENG ELECTRICAL BICYCLE TECHNOLOGY CO. LTD.
    • PRODUCTS
  • MAZDA MOTOR CORPORATION
  • MINGJIA BICYCLE CO. LTD.
    • PRODUCTS
  • MITSUBISHI MOTORS CORPORATION
  • NATIONAL ALLIANCE FOR ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY BATTERIES
    • SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES
  • NEW PARTNERS
  • OPAI ELECTRIC VEHICLE CO.
    • PRODUCTS
  • PANASONIC ENERGY
    • PRODUCTS
    • STRATEGY
  • PHINERGY
    • TECHNOLOGY
    • PRODUCTS
    • STRATEGY
  • POLYPLUS BATTERY COMPANY
    • TECHNOLOGY
    • PRODUCTS
    • STRATEGY
  • POWAIR
    • TECHNOLOGY
    • PRODUCTS
    • STRATEGY
  • POWERZINC ELECTRIC, INC.
    • TECHNOLOGY
    • PRODUCTS
  • PSA PEUGEOT CITROEN
  • RAYOVAC
    • PRODUCTS
  • SAIC MOTOR CO. LTD.
    • PRODUCTS
  • SAMSUNG SDI CO. LTD.
    • PRODUCTS
  • SANYO ELECTRIC CO. LTD.
  • SEMBCORP INDUSTRIES LTD.
  • SIEPAC
  • SLANE ELECTRIC BICYCLE
  • SONY CORPORATION
  • SOUTHWEST CONNECTION, INC.
  • SPECTRUM BRANDS, INC.
  • SUPAQ BICYCLE CO. LTD.
  • SUPERSMART GRID
  • SYKEE
    • PRODUCTS
  • TAILG ELECTRIC BICYCLES
    • PRODUCTS
  • TALANG TECHNOLOGY CO. LTD.
    • PRODUCTS
  • TERRA MOTORS
    • PRODUCTS
  • TESLA MOTORS
  • TGMY CO. LTD.
  • TIANJIN QINGYUAN ELECTRIC VEHICLE CO. LTD
    • PRODUCTS
  • TODA RACING CO. LTD.
  • TOSHIBA AMERICA ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS, INC.
  • TOYOTA MOTOR CORPORATION
  • ULTRALIFE CORPORATION
    • UNIFIED NATIONAL SMART GRID
  • VALENCE TECHNOLOGY, INC.
    • PRODUCTS
  • VARTA CONSUMER BATTERIES GMBH & CO. KGAA
    • PRODUCTS
  • VIZN ENERGY
  • VOLKSWAGEN AG
  • WASON ELECTRIC BIKE MANUFACTURING CO. LTD.
    • PRODUCTS
  • XINGYUE ELECTRIC VEHICLE CO. LTD.
  • XINRI E-VEHICLE CO. LTD.
    • PRODUCTS
  • YADEA TECHNICAL DEVELOPMENT CO. LTD.
  • YARDNEY TECHNICAL PRODUCTS
    • PRODUCTS
  • YUTONG GROUP CO. LTD.
  • ZAF ENERGY SYSTEM
  • ZHONGTONG BUS HOLDING CO. LTD.

CHAPTER 12 - GLOSSARY

LIST OF TABLES

  • SUMMARY TABLE: GLOBAL METAL-AIR BATTERIES MARKET BY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 1: MAIN EVENTS IN THE HISTORY OF BATTERIES
    • TABLE 2: COMPANY AND MARKETED ZINC-AIR BATTERY BRANDS
    • TABLE 3: GLOBAL METAL-AIR BATTERIES FOR HEARING AID DEVICES MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 4: GLOBAL METAL-AIR BATTERY MARKET FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 5: GLOBAL METAL-AIR BATTERIES FOR GRID ENERGY STORAGE MARKET, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 6: GLOBAL METAL-AIR BATTERIES FOR ELECTRIC BIKES MARKET, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 7: GLOBAL METAL-AIR BATTERIES FOR THE MILITARY MARKET, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 8: GLOBAL METAL-AIR BATTERIES MARKET BY METAL, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 9: GLOBAL ZINC-AIR BATTERIES MARKET BY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 10: GLOBAL ZINC-AIR BATTERIES MARKET BY BATTERY TYPE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 11: GLOBAL ALUMINUM-AIR BATTERIES MARKET BY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 12: GLOBAL METAL-AIR BATTERIES MARKET BY BATTERY TYPE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 13: GLOBAL METAL-AIR BATTERIES MARKET BY BATTERY TYPE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 14: METAL AIR BATTERIES: OPEN CIRCUIT VOLTAGE (OCV) AND SPECIFIC ENERGY AS A FACTOR OF THE METAL
    • TABLE 15: CHARACTERISTIC PARAMETERS OF LITHIUM-AIR CELLS IN DIFFERENT CONFIGURATIONS
    • TABLE 16: LITHIUM-AIR BATTERY CONFIGURATION AND PERFORMANCE
    • TABLE 17: DIFFERENT CATALYSTS AND THEIR CHARACTERISTICS USED IN LITHIUM-AIR BATTERIES
    • TABLE 18: DIFFERENT ELECTROLYTES AND THEIR CHARACTERISTICS USED IN LITHIUM-AIR BATTERIES
    • TABLE 19: PATENTS ABOUT LITHIUM-AIR BATTERIES
    • TABLE 20: LIST OF COMPANIES DEVELOPING TECHNOLOGIES FOR ZINC-AIR BATTERIES (EXCLUDING HEARING-AID DEVICES)
    • TABLE 21: WORLD ZINC PRODUCERS, 2011
    • TABLE 22: EXAMPLES OF VARIOUS BATTERY TECHNOLOGIES COMPARED TO MAGNESIUM-AIR CELLS CHARACTERISTICS
    • TABLE 23: MAGNESIUM-AIR ANODES AND CHARACTERISTICS
    • TABLE 24: POTENTIAL OF MAGNESIUM IN MAGNESIUM-AIR CELLS AS A FUNCTION OF VARIOUS ELECTROLYTES
    • TABLE 25: ELECTRIC VEHICLES SOLD IN DIFFERENT COUNTRIES, 2012 AND 2013
    • TABLE 26: TOP 15 STATES RANKED BY CHARGING POINTS IN THE UNITED STATES
    • TABLE 27: LIST OF ELECTRIC CARS AVAILABLE ON THE 2012 MARKET
    • TABLE 28: EXAMPLES OF LARGE SCALE BATTERY ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS
    • TABLE 29: ZINC PROPERTIES
    • TABLE 30: U.S. IMPORT SOURCES OF ZINC IN PERCENT BY COUNTRY, 2008-2011 (%)
    • TABLE 31: WORLD MINE PRODUCTION AND RESERVES OF ZINC, 2011 AND 2012 (THOUSANDS OF METRIC TONNES)
    • TABLE 32: LITHIUM PROPERTIES
    • TABLE 33: WORLD MINE PRODUCTION AND RESERVES OF LITHIUM, 2011 AND 2012 (THOUSANDS OF METRIC TONNES)
    • TABLE 34: ALUMINUM PROPERTIES
    • TABLE 35: WORLD MINE PRODUCTION AND RESERVES OF ALUMINUM, 2011 AND 2012 (THOUSANDS OF METRIC TONNES)
    • TABLE 36: MAGNESIUM PROPERTIES
    • TABLE 37: WORLD MINE PRODUCTION AND RESERVES OF MAGNESIUM, 2011 AND 2012 (THOUSANDS OF METRIC TONNES)
    • TABLE 38: IRON PROPERTIES
    • TABLE 39: WORLD MINE PRODUCTION OF PIG IRON, 2011 AND 2012 (MILLIONS OF METRIC TONNES)
    • TABLE 40: SODIUM PROPERTIES
    • TABLE 41: DRIVERS OF THE GLOBAL METAL-AIR BATTERIES MARKET
    • TABLE 42: LIMITERS OF THE GLOBAL METAL-AIR BATTERIES MARKET
    • TABLE 43: TOP 15 STATES AND NUMBER OF CHARGING STATIONS FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES
    • TABLE 44: ELECTRIC CAR SHARING PROGRAMS AND LOCATION
    • TABLE 45: PRESS RELEASES AFFECTING THE GLOBAL METAL-AIR BATTERIES MARKET
    • TABLE 46: LIST OF PATENTS ABOUT METAL-AIR BATTERIES OWNED BY TESLA MOTORS
    • TABLE 47: LIST OF PATENTS ABOUT METAL-AIR BATTERIES OWNED BY TOYOTA JAPAN
    • TABLE 48: LIST OF PATENTS ABOUT METAL-AIR BATTERIES OWNED BY FORD MOTOR COMPANY
    • TABLE 49: LIST OF PATENTS ABOUT METAL-AIR BATTERIES OWNED BY GENERAL ELECTRIC

LIST OF FIGURES

  • SUMMARY FIGURE: GLOBAL METAL-AIR BATTERIES MARKET, 2012-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 7
    • FIGURE 1: EXAMPLE OF ENERGY DENSITIES (THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL) OF SEVERAL BATTERY TECHNOLOGIES
    • FIGURE 2: SCHEMATIC STRUCTURE OF A STANDARD BATTERY COMPARED TO A METAL-AIR BATTERY
    • FIGURE 3: BILL OF MATERIALS FOR EOS' ZYNTH BATTERY (PERCENT $/KWH)
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