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バイオ精製アプリケーション:世界市場

Biorefinery Applications: Global Markets

発行 BCC Research 商品コード 297347
出版日 ページ情報 英文 326 Pages
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バイオ精製アプリケーション:世界市場 Biorefinery Applications: Global Markets
出版日: 2014年03月12日 ページ情報: 英文 326 Pages
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概要

世界のバイオ精製アプリケーション市場は、2012年に3,428億米ドルに達しました。同市場はその後、複合年間成長率(CAGR)12.6%で拡大し、2013年に3,870億米ドル、2018年に7,007億米ドルに達すると予測されています。

当レポートでは、世界のバイオ精製アプリケーション市場を取り上げ、世界市場の動向、アプリケーション別の需要分析、バイオマス変換プロセスおよびバイオマスから燃料・電力・化学製品を生産する装置の予測、各種「プラットフォーム」に建設されたバイオ精製所の展望の評価、および主要企業のプロファイルを提供するなど、概略下記の構成でお届けします。

第1章 イントロダクション

第2章 サマリー

第3章 概要

  • バイオ燃料市場
  • バイオ由来化学製品市場
  • 医薬品・医療市場
  • バイオマテリアル市場
  • バイオエネルギー市場
  • バイオ精製原料の概要
  • 農業原料によるバイオ由来製品の概要
  • バイオ精製エンドユーズアプリケーション部門
  • 全体的な経済・環境開発のメリット
  • バイオ精製所vs.石油精製所の概要
  • リグノセルロース系バイオマスによる燃料精製用触媒の比較
  • バイオ製品への経路
  • バイオ由来アプリケーションの主なメリットの概要
  • バイオ・その他の再生可能電力の消費者の概要
  • バイオベース製品の概要、ほか

第4章 バイオ精製アプリケーションの温室効果ガス削減エコノミクス

  • ライフサイクル温室効果ガス削減における削減の要件
  • さまざまなバイオベース付加価値製品の経済的価値
  • バイオベース原料を用いたCO2排出削減の計算
  • 二酸化炭素排出・排出削減vs.化石燃料
  • バイオ製品の変化は非従来型原油に適用できる
  • 潜在的な温室効果ガス削減
  • バイオガス
  • カーボンデット(炭素の借金)およびバイオ製品カーボンデットの返済期間

第5章 アプリケーション:製品別

  • バイオマテリアルアプリケーション市場
  • バイオプラスチック/バイオポリマー市場アプリケーション
  • バイオコンポジット市場アプリケーション
  • 生物学的製剤およびハーブ/植物市場のアプリケーション
  • ハーブ/植物市場のアプリケーション
  • 生物学的製剤市場のアプリケーション
  • バイオ燃料アプリケーション
  • 液体輸送燃料
  • 暖房
  • バイオ電力アプリケーション
  • バイオベース化学製品アプリケーション
  • バイオガスアプリケーション、ほか

第6章 技術

  • 熱化学的変換技術
  • 物理化学的技術
  • 工業用バイオテクノロジー変換技術

第7章 技術発展

第8章 産業構造・競合率

  • バイオ由来製品
  • バイオ由来製品のライフサイクル
  • プロセス強化
  • バイオ由来製品の実践
  • リスク・発展の障壁
  • 主な動向
  • 酵素の性能・製造コスト
  • 先進バイオ燃料、バイオ化学製品/バイオマテリアル:バリューチェーン部門別
  • 再生可能化学製品・材料企業における注目企業30社
  • 自動車コンポーネントにおけるバイオベース材料
  • バイオ複合材料
  • ハーブ/植物の活性成分・治療指標
  • バイオベースジェット燃料飛行機のテストアプリケーション
  • バイオ製品開発におけるパルプ紙企業
  • 次世代の微細藻類培養
  • 船舶向けバイオベース燃料の開発、ほか

第9章 世界のバイオ精製製品市場:国別

  • バイオ精製アプリケーション市場のグローバル化
  • 世界の資源の多様化
  • 世界の人口、GDP、人口1人あたりのGDP成長
  • 世界のR&D資金:研究タイプ別
  • 世界のバイオ燃料原料の多様化・製品開発
  • 再生可能バイオ燃料の調達の平均シェア:国別

第10章 企業シェア

  • バイオマテリアル・バイオ複合材
  • 化学製品/マテリアル
  • 製薬企業のシェア
  • バイオマス発電企業のシェア
  • 石油精製購入負担のシェア
  • 企業が削減する温室効果ガス
  • バイオベース製品の政府の調達
  • 世界の人口は料理/暖房用に従来型のバイオマスに依存

第11章 企業プロファイル

図表

目次
Product Code: EGY118A

The global market for biorefinery applications reached $342.8 billion in 2012. This market is expected to reach $387 billion in 2013 and $700.7 billion in 2018 with a compound annual growth rate(CAGR) of 12.6%.

This report provides:

  • A complete techno-economic and environmental analysis of industrial biorefinery applications
  • Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2011, estimates for 2012, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2017
  • Breakdowns of demand by applications, including industrial, safe food supply, transportation, healthcare industry, recreation, residential/housing, communication, and environment
  • Coverage of all biomass fractionation and conversion technologies
  • Forecasts for biomass conversion processes and equipment to produce fuels, power, and chemicals from biomass
  • Identification of feedstocks, chemical products, and transportation fuels
  • Evaluations of the prospects for biorefineries built on different "platforms," such as the "sugar platform," based on fermentation of sugars extracted from biomass feedstocks, versus the "syngas platform," based on thermochemical conversion processes
  • Detailed patent analysis and a research-and-development update
  • Comprehensive company profiles of major players in the industry.

STUDY GOAL AND OBJECTIVES

BCC Research has completed a study on the demand for biorefinery applications. In industry, biorefineries employ the techniques of modern molecular biology to reduce the environmental impact of manufacturing.

This BCC Research report investigates the key factors and issues that will influence the global demand for biorefinery applications over the next five years to 2018. It assesses the critical factors influencing demand such as public policy initiatives, compatibility and the interface with conventional refinery products. In addition to current and proposed production capacity, it presents a forecast of biorefinery applications in the global chemicals and energy markets for 2013 through 2018.

The objectives of this BCC Reserch report are, therefore:

  • Understanding the various biorefinery products and applications.
  • Understanding the importance of the biorefinery industry and where it fits in the economy.
  • Appreciating biomass resource availability.
  • Understanding the various types of technologies involved in biomass transformation.
  • Understanding the basic concepts, principles of operation and equipment used for biorefineries.
  • Understanding the basic structure of the biorefinery industry and its interaction with the hydrocarbon-based industry.
  • Understanding the typical operations and requirements for the establishment of the biorefinery platform.
  • Evaluating the results of regional diversification in biorefinery feedstocks and conversion technologies.
  • Quantifying the market and end use of biorefinery products.

Providing a critical evaluation of the current status of commercial biorefinery markets and how recent environmental legislation and breakthroughs in technology will make the use of biobased products competitive with established hydrocarbon-based platforms.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY

The use of biomass as raw material for bioproducts such as materials, chemicals, pharmaceuticals and energy has received significant worldwide attention during the last decade. Thus, 183 countries worldwide have signed and ratified the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, which establishes a legal binding commitment for the reduction of four greenhouse gases: carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide and sulphur hexafluoride. Conventional resources, mainly fossil fuels, are becoming limited because of the rapid increase in energy demand and population growth. This imbalance in energy demand and supply along with increased greenhouse gas emissions has placed immense pressure not only on consumer prices but also on the environment, prompting mankind to look for more sustainable energy and material resources. Biomass is one such environmentally friendly renewable resource from which various useful products can be generated for application in chemicals, materials, energy, medicine and fuels. A new system similar to a petroleum refinery is required to convert biomass into these value-added products. This system is known as a biorefinery.

SCOPE OF THE REPORT

This BCC Research report identifies promising product application lines that form the basis of the biorefinery industry. Ultimately, the decision as to whether to accelerate investment in the research and development of cost-competitive, biobased industrial products will be made by policymakers. The report is divided into eight main sections.

The report starts with an overview, which identifies and quantifies the biorefinery products applications and reports on market trends. It also indicates the importance of the industry and where it fits in the global economy. The other major trends that are analyzed include the market domination, transitory issues and major shifts.

The next section discusses greenhouse gas reduction economics, including the products' application life cycle, which includes mining, extraction of oil, plants and natural gas, and other activities.

The next section analyzes demand by type of biorefinery product application and also analyzes biorefining demand in chemicals, biofuels used in transportation, energy generation and biomaterials produced using biobased feedstocks. These are quantified by type with regional breakdown.

The technology section presents the demand for application of the various technologies for the conversion of biomass to materials, transportation fuels, heat and power generation, and chemicals. These include combustion, gasification, carbonization, densified fuels manufacture, physico-chemical and biochemical conversion. Examples are given of current development and implementation of these technologies.

The industry structure then follows and identifies the various segments in the biorefinery industry and shows how the market segments will grow over the next five years to 2018. It considers a number of influencing factors, including “macro” factors that affect the global economy and the agricultural economy in particular, and industry-specific factors such as new product development and the public acceptance of biorefinery products. Consideration has also been given to the development of the industry over the period since 2010 and the forces that have led to the ongoing restructuring. It also assesses the rise of biobased companies, outsourcing, adding value through improved formulations and additives, and the streamlining of product portfolios.

The next section presents the global activity in biorefinery applications including global domination by country, market globalization, top resources holders and renewable market procurement.

The section that follows provides the company shares.

Major companies involved in the biorefinery industry are then profiled; details of their activities, main contact name, address and location are provided.

ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS

Edward Gobina is a Full U.K. Professor of Chemical and Processing Engineering with 32 years of research and teaching experience in environmental engineering, petrochemical reaction engineering, and catalysis and membrane technology. His scientific achievements are archived in more than 150 articles and spread in more than 20 granted patents, more than 30 patent applications, and more than 100 invited and guest speaker presentations, as well as contributed presentations and prestigious refereed scientific journals, newsletters, proceedings and reviews. He has been a project analyst for BCC Research since 1998 and has authored more than 22 BCC Research reports. His reports have provided the critical links in the entire chemical and energy infrastructure chain, from hydrogen to advanced oil and gas exploitation, sensors and monitoring, and LNG infrastructure. Professor Gobina is a member of the European Membrane Society (EMS), the North American Membrane Society (NAMS) and the New York Academy of Sciences (NYAS). He is the current director of the Centre for Process Integration and Membrane Technology (CPIMT) within the School of Engineering at the Robert Gordon University in the U.K.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION

  • STUDY GOAL AND OBJECTIVES
  • REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
  • CONTRIBUTION OF THE STUDY AND FOR WHOM
  • ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
  • RELATED BCC RESEARCH STUDIES
  • METHODOLOGY
  • SCOPE OF THE REPORT
  • BCC RESEARCH ONLINE SERVICES
  • DISCLAIMER

CHAPTER 2 - SUMMARY

  • SUMMARY TABLEFIGURE DEMAND FOR BIOREFINERY APPLICATION AND MARKET PENETRATION, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS/%)
  • SUMMARY FIGURE: DEMAND FOR BIOREFINERY APPLICATION AND MARKET PENETRATION, 2010-2018 ($ BILLIONS)

CHAPTER 3 - OVERVIEW

  • FIGURE 1: RAW MATERIALS AND APPLICATIONS
  • BIOFUELS MARKET
  • BIODERIVED CHEMICALS MARKET
  • MEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE MARKET
  • BIOMATERIALS MARKET
  • BIOENERGY MARKET
    • TABLE 1: BIOREFINERY APPLICATION BY MARKET SEGMENT, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
  • BIOREFINING FEEDSTOCK OVERVIEW
    • FIGURE 2: CROPS USED COMMERCIALLY FOR INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS
  • OVERVIEW OF BIODERIVED PRODUCTS FROM AGRICULTURAL FEEDSTOCK
    • TABLE 2: OVERVIEW OF BIODERIVED PRODUCTS FROM AGRICULTURAL FEEDSTOCK
  • BIOREFINING END-USE APPLICATION SECTORS
    • TABLE 3: BIOREFINING END-USE APPLICATION SECTORS
  • GENERAL ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL DEVELOPMENT BENEFITS
    • TABLE 4: BIOMASS RESOURCES, TECHNOLOGY PLATFORMS, APPLICATIONS AND GENERAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT BENEFITS UNDERLYING A BIOBASED ECONOMY
  • OVERVIEW OF BIOREFINERIES VERSUS PETRO-REFINERIES
    • TABLE 5: COMPARISON OF BIOREFINERIES TO PETRO-REFINERIES
  • COMPARISON OF CATALYSTS FOR MAKING FUELS FROM LIGNOCELLULOSIC BIOMASS
    • TABLE 6: COMPARISON OF BIOLOGICAL AND CHEMICAL CATALYSTS FOR MAKING FUELS FROM LIGNOCELLULOSIC BIOMASS
  • PATHWAYS TO BIOPRODUCTS
    • TABLE 7: MAJOR TECHNOLOGY PLATFORMS AND ACTIVITY FOR BIOPRODUCTS
    • TABLE 8: ANNUALLY RENEWABLE BIOMASS FEEDSTOCK/PRODUCT EXAMPLES AND APPLICATIONS
  • MAIN ADVANTAGES OF BIOBASED APPLICATIONS OVERVIEW
    • TABLE 9: MAIN ADVANTAGES OF BIOBASED APPLICATIONS
  • CONSUMERS OF BIO AND OTHER RENEWABLE POWER OVERVIEW
    • TABLE 10: TOP 10 CONSUMERS OF BIO AND OTHER RENEWABLE POWER, 2012
  • OVERVIEW OF BIOBASED PRODUCTS WHOLE-OF-LIFE VALUE CHAIN
    • TABLE 11: VALUE CHAINS AND CAPITAL INVESTMENTS NEEDED, BY BIOREFINERY TYPE
    • STAGE 1
    • STAGE 2
    • STAGE 3
      • TABLE 12: BIOBASED PRODUCTS WHOLE-OF-LIFE VALUE CHAIN
  • OVERVIEW OF USES OF RENEWABLE RAW MATERIALS BY INDUSTRY
    • TABLE 13: OVERVIEW OF USES OF RENEWABLE RAW MATERIALS BY INDUSTRY
  • OVERVIEW OF THE BIOPRODUCT SUPPLY CHAIN
    • TABLE 14: OVERVIEW OF THE BIOPRODUCT SUPPLY CHAIN
  • VALUE ADDITION OF BIODERIVED PRODUCTS
    • TABLE 15: ADDED VALUE OF BIODERIVED PRODUCTS THROUGH PROCESSING AND STANDARDIZATION
  • PRODUCTS COMMODITIZATION
    • TABLE 16: VALUE-ADDITION IN BIOPRODUCTS APPLICATION
  • PRODUCTS PRICE AND VOLUME RELATIONSHIP
    • TABLE 17: BIOMASS-DERIVED PRODUCTS, PRICE VERSUS MARKET VOLUME
  • FIRST-WAVE APPLICATIONS
  • SECOND-WAVE APPLICATION
  • THIRD-WAVE BIOPRODUCTS
    • FIGURE 3: BIOREFINERY APPLICATIONS AND THE GLOBAL BIOBASED ECONOMY
  • ECONOMIC VALUE OF VARIOUS BIOMASS BUILDING BLOCKS/FEEDSTOCKS
    • TABLE 18: ECONOMIC VALUE OF VARIOUS BIOMASS BUILDING BLOCKS
    • TABLE 19: SOME COMMON PETROCHEMICAL PRODUCTS (CURRENT VOLUMES, VALUE AND APPLICATIONS) THAT COULD BE MADE FROM AMINO ACIDS
  • BIOREFINERY USER TYPES/APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 20: BIOREFINERY USER TYPES/APPLICATIONS
  • OVERVIEW OF BIOREFINERY CLASSIFICATIONS
    • TABLE 21: TYPES OF BIOREFINERIES BY NUMBER OF PROCESSES, FEEDSTOCKS AND PRODUCTS
  • BIOREFINERIES CLASSIFIED BY FEEDSTOCKS AND CONVERSION ROUTES
    • TABLE 22: CLASSIFICATION OF BIOREFINERIES BASED ON THEIR FEEDSTOCKS
    • TABLE 23: CLASSIFICATION OF BIOREFINERIES BASED ON THEIR CONVERSION ROUTES
  • BIOREFINERIES CLASSIFIED BY PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES
  • 1GBRS
  • 2GBRS
  • 3GBRS
  • 4GBRS
    • TABLE 24: CLASSIFICATION OF BIOREFINERIES BASED ON THEIR GENERATION TECHNOLOGIES
  • BIOREFINERY APPLICATIONS BASED ON THEIR TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM
    • TABLE 25: DEMAND FOR BIOREFINERY APPLICATION BY TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 4: TRANSITIONAL CHALLENGES IN BIOREFINERY DEVELOPMENT
  • POTENTIAL EMPLOYMENT IMPACTS FROM BIOREFINERY ENTERPRISES
    • TABLE 26: POTENTIAL EMPLOYMENT IMPACTS FROM BIOREFINERY ENTERPRISES
  • HISTORY OF BIOREFINERY APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 27: COMMERCIALIZATION STAGE OF ADVANCED BIOREFINERIES
  • CURRENT CONDITIONS AND IMPORTANT INDICATIONS FOR THE FUTURE
    • TABLE 28: GLOBAL CUMULATIVE CAPITAL INVESTMENT AND DIRECT ECONOMIC OUTPUT FROM BIOREFINERY, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
  • FINANCING PATH FOR BIOREFINERIES
    • TABLE 29: THE TOP FINANCING PATH FOR BIOREFINERY
  • STRATEGIC INVESTORS
  • ROLLING OUT OWN BALANCE SHEET
  • SWITCHING FEEDSTOCKS
  • CREATIVE DEBT OFFERINGS
  • THE MORE TRADITIONAL PURE-PLAY VENTURE CAPITAL (VC) ROUTE
  • ALTERNATIVE EXCHANGES
  • PRIVATE INVESTMENT IN PUBLIC EQUITIES (PIPES)
  • JOINT VENTURE
  • IPO
  • MERGER COMBINED WITH RECAPITALIZATION
    • TABLE 30: EXAMPLES OF STRATEGIC INVESTMENTS IN BIORENEWABLES
    • TABLE 31: GLOBAL FINANCINGS OF BIOTECH COMPANIES, 2012
  • DRIVERS FOR BIOREFINERY DEVELOPMENT
    • TABLE 32: GEOPOLITICAL, ECONOMIC, TECHNICAL AND SOCIAL DRIVERS FOR BIOREFINERY DEVELOPMENT
  • CUSTOMER AWARENESS OF THE BIOPRODUCTS APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 33: SURVEY RESULTS OF BIODERIVED PRODUCTS INCORPORATION
    • TABLE 34: SURVEY RESULTS OF CUSTOMERS WHO HAVE REQUESTED OR INQUIRED ABOUT PRODUCTS MADE WITH BIOBASED MATERIALS
    • TABLE 35: VIEWPOINTS ON USING BIOBASED MATERIALS IN MANUFACTURING OPERATIONS
    • TABLE 36: VIEWPOINTS ON CONSIDERATION FOR END USE/APPLICATIONS OF BIOBASED MATERIALS
  • RF2 PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS
    • RFS2
      • Renewable Fuels Category
      • Advanced Biofuel Category
      • Biomass-Based Diesel Category
      • Cellulosic Biofuel Category
        • TABLE 37: “RFS2” PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS BY CATEGORY, THROUGH 2022 (BILLION GALLONS PER YEAR)
  • RENEWABLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (RIN)
    • TABLE 38: RF2 IMPACT ON REFINING ECONOMICS
  • BIODIESEL SELLING PRICE AND PRODUCERS' PROFIT
    • TABLE 39: BIODIESEL SELLING PRICE AND PRODUCERS' PROFIT
  • BIOFUEL MINIMUM SELLING PRICES AND GASOLINE PRICES
    • TABLE 40: COMPARISON OF CELLULOSIC BIOFUEL MINIMUM SELLING PRICES AND GASOLINE PRICES
  • BIOREFINERY PROFITABILITY
    • TABLE 41: FIXED AND VARIABLE OPERATING AND MAINTENANCE COSTS FOR BIOREFINERY APPLICATION
  • FEEDSTOCK PRICE SHIFTS AND VOLATILITY
    • TABLE 42: FEEDSTOCK PRICE SHIFTS AND VOLATILITY
  • ECONOMIC VALUE OF VARIOUS BIOMASS FEEDSTOCKS FOR
  • SECOND/THIRD-GENERATION BIOREFINERIES
    • TABLE 43: ECONOMIC VALUE OF VARIOUS BIOMASS FEEDSTOCKS FOR SECOND/-THIRD-GENERATION BIOREFINERIES
  • IMPORTANT INDICATIONS FOR THE BIOBASED INDUSTRY
    • TABLE 44: IMPORTANT INDICATIONS FOR THE BIOBASED INDUSTRY

CHAPTER 4 - BIOREFINERY APPLICATION GREENHOUSE GAS REDUCTION ECONOMICS

  • FIGURE 5: PRODUCTS' LIFE CYCLE
  • TABLE 45: USE OF RENEWABLES FOR “GREENER” PROCESSES/PRODUCTS
  • REQUIRED REDUCTION IN LIFE CYCLE GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS
    • TABLE 46: EISA-MANDATED REDUCTIONS IN LIFE CYCLE GHG EMISSIONS BY BIOFUEL CATEGORY (% REDUCTION FROM 2005 BASELINE FOR GASOLINE OR DIESEL FUEL)
  • ECONOMIC VALUE OF VARIOUS BIOBASED ADDED-VALUE PRODUCTS
    • TABLE 47: BIOBASED MATERIALS AND PRICES
    • TABLE 48: BIOMASS-BASED ENERGY AND PRICES
  • CALCULATING CO2 EMISSIONS SAVINGS USING BIOBASED FEEDSTOCK
    • CO2 CAPTURED FROM ATMOSPHERE BY PHOTOSYNTHESIS
    • CO2 EMITTED TO THE ATMOSPHERE DURING WHEAT PRODUCTION
    • CO2 IMPACT OF THE ENERGY USED IN CONVERTING STARCH TO BIOPLASTICS
      • TABLE 49: THE GREENHOUSE GAS SAVINGS OF MAKING A SIMPLE POLYMER PLASTIC FROM WHEAT
  • CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS AND EMISSIONS SAVING VS FOSSIL FUELS
    • FIRST-GENERATION FEEDSTOCKS
      • TABLE 50: FIRST-GENERATION BIOPRODUCTS CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS AND EMISSIONS SAVING VS FOSSIL FUELS
    • SECOND-GENERATION FEEDSTOCKS
      • TABLE 51: SECOND-GENERATION CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS AND EMISSIONS SAVING VS FOSSIL FUELS
  • BIOPRODUCTS SHIFT COULD APPLY TO UNCONVENTIONAL CRUDE
    • TAR SAND CRUDE OIL
    • PROPOSED AMENDMENTS TO ILUC REPORTING
      • TABLE 52: EUROPEAN COMMISSION'S ESTIMATE OF THE CO2 EMISSIONS OF UNCONVENTIONAL CRUDE COMPARED WITH CONVENTIONAL CRUDE
  • POTENTIAL GREENHOUSE GAS SAVINGS
    • BIOPOLYMER/BIOPLASTICS
      • TABLE 53: THE CRADLE-TO-GRAVE GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS OF BIOBASED AND PETROCHEMICAL BULK POLYMERS
    • COMMODITY CHEMICALS
      • TABLE 54: ANNUAL GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS SAVINGS
  • BIOGAS
    • Case 1
      • TABLE 55: BIOGAS REPLACES WOOD - CASE 1, 2004
    • Case 2
      • TABLE 56: BIOGAS REPLACES GRID ELECTRICITY - CASE 2, 2004
  • CARBON DEBT AND REPAYMENT PERIOD OF BIOPRODUCTS CARBON DEBT
    • LAND-USE EFFECTS
      • TABLE 57: CARBON DEBT AND TIME TO REPAY BIOFUEL CARBON DEBT FOR NINE SCENARIOS OF BIOFUEL PRODUCTION

CHAPTER 5 - APPLICATION BY PRODUCT

  • TABLE 58: BIOREFINERY APPLICATION BY MARKET/PRODUCT SEGMENT, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
  • BIOMATERIALS APPLICATIONS MARKET
    • TABLE 59: GLOBAL BIOMATERIALS MARKET PENETRATION, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
  • BIOPLASTICS/BIOPOLYMER MARKET APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 60: GLOBAL BIOPLASTICS/BIOPOLYMER MARKET PENETRATION BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 61: BIOPOLYMER TYPES, MANUFACTURERS, BRANDS AND THEIR APPLICATIONS
    • Automotive and Marine
    • The Built Environment
    • Catering and Packaging
    • Agriculture and Horticulture
    • Medicine
    • Electrical and Electronics
    • Others
      • TABLE 62: GLOBAL BIOPLASTICS/BIOPOLYMER DEMAND BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
  • BIOCOMPOSITE MARKET APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 63: GLOBAL BIOCOMPOSITE MARKET PENETRATION, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
    • Automotive
    • Construction
    • Electrical and Electronics Components
    • Consumer Products
    • Appliances
    • Marine
      • TABLE 64: GLOBAL DEMAND FOR BIOCOMPOSITES BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
  • BIODRUGS AND HERBALS/BOTANICALS MARKET APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 65: GLOBAL BIODRUGS AND HERBALS/BOTANICALS MARKET PENETRATION, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
  • HERBALS/BOTANICALS MARKET APPLICATIONS
    • Treatment of Diabetes
    • Treatment of Cancer
    • Cold, Cough and Respiratory Diseases
    • Cardiovascular Health
    • Digestive Health
    • Cosmeceutical
    • Osteoporosis
    • Hypertension
    • Anti-arthritic
    • Painkillers
    • Lipid Control
    • Sleeping Disorders
    • Blood Sugar Control
      • TABLE 66: GLOBAL HERBALS/BOTANICALS APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
  • BIODRUGS MARKET APPLICATIONS
    • Breast Cancer
    • Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
    • Rheumatoid Arthritis
    • Colon Cancer
    • Colorectal Cancer
    • RSV in Infants
      • TABLE 67: GLOBAL BIODRUGS DEMAND BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
  • BIOFUELS APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 68: GLOBAL BIOFUELS MARKET PENETRATION, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
  • LIQUID TRANSPORTATION FUEL
  • SPACE HEATING
    • TABLE 69: GLOBAL BIOFUELS MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
  • BIOPOWER APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 70: GLOBAL BIOPOWER MARKET PENETRATION, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 71: BIOPOWER TECHNOLOGY DEMAND BY ENERGY RECOVERY SYSTEM TYPE, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
  • BIOBASED CHEMICALS APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 72: GLOBAL BIOBASED CHEMICALS MARKET PENETRATION, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
  • COATINGS
  • MEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
  • ELECTRONICS MANUFACTURE
  • FOOD ADDITIVES
  • COSMETICS AND PERSONAL CARE
  • LUBRICATION
  • INSTITUTIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL CLEANING
  • OIL AND GAS EXTRACTION
  • PAPER MANUFACTURE
  • PLASTIC PROCESSING
  • PLASTIC COMPOUNDING
  • RUBBER PROCESSING
  • WATER AND WASTEWATER TREATMENT
  • OTHER SPECIALTIES
    • Bioprinting Inks
    • Bioremediation
      • TABLE 73: GLOBAL BIOBASED CHEMICALS DEMAND BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
  • BIOGAS APPLICATIONS
    • BIOGAS CONVERSION OPTIONS
    • TREATMENT OF BIOGAS
      • TABLE 74: GLOBAL BIOGAS MARKET PENETRATION, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
      • Heating and Cooling
      • Cooking/Lighting
      • Vehicle Transport Fuel
      • Combined Heat and Power (CHP)
      • Biomethane (Purified Biogas for Feeding into Natural Gas Grid)
      • Direct Combustion
      • Internal Combustion Systems
      • TABLE 75: GLOBAL BIOGAS MARKET APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)

CHAPTER 6 - TECHNOLOGY

  • TABLE 76: DEMAND FOR BIOREFINERY APPLICATIONS BY TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
  • THERMOCHEMICAL CONVERSION TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 77: THERMOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM DEMAND BY TYPE, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
  • PHYSICO-CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 78: DEMAND FOR PHYSICO-CHEMICAL BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
  • INDUSTRIAL BIOTECHNOLOGY CONVERSION TECHNOLOGY
    • FERMENTATIVE TECHNOLOGY
    • BIOTRANSFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
      • TABLE 79: DEMAND FOR INDUSTRIAL BIOTECHNOLOGY BY TYPE, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)

CHAPTER 7 - TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT

  • TABLE 80: BIOREFINERY APPLICATION DEVELOPMENT, 2010-2013

CHAPTER 8 - INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND COMPETITIVE RATES

  • TABLE 81: MATERIAL APPLICATIONS OF BIOPRODUCTS
  • TABLE 82: MAJOR PRODUCTS SEGMENTS
  • TABLE 83: BIOREFINERY APPLICATION ACTIVITY BY SELECT COUNTRY
  • BIODERIVED PRODUCTS FROM THE CRADLE TO THE GRAVE
    • TABLE 84: BIODERIVED PRODUCTS FROM THE “CRADLE TO THE GRAVE”
    • TABLE 85: OVERVIEW OF INDUSTRIES AND MATERIAL USES OF BIOPRODUCTS
  • BIODERIVED PRODUCTS' LIFE CYCLE
    • TABLE 86: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES THROUGH THE BIODERIVED PRODUCTS' LIFE CYCLE
    • TABLE 87: COMPARISON OF “TRADITIONAL'' AND BIODERIVED PRODUCTS' LIFE CYCLE
  • PROCESS INTENSIFICATION
    • TABLE 88: PROCESS INTENSIFICATION
  • BIODERIVED PRODUCTS IN PRACTICE
    • TABLE 89: EXAMPLES OF BIODERIVED PRODUCTS IN PRACTICE
  • RISKS AND DEVELOPMENT HURDLES
    • TABLE 90: BIODERIVED PRODUCTS RISKS AND DEVELOPMENT HURDLES
  • MAJOR TRENDS
    • GEOGRAPHICAL TRENDS IN BIOBASED PRODUCTS
      • TABLE 91: GEOGRAPHICAL TRENDS IN BIOBASED PRODUCTS
    • BIOBASED COMPANIES IN ANNUAL "CLEANTECH 100" LISTING
      • TABLE 92: BIOBASED COMPANIES IN ANNUAL “CLEANTECH 100'' ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF 100 GREAT, PRIVATE COMPANIES, 2010, 2011 AND 2012
  • ENZYME PERFORMANCE AND MANUFACTURING COST
    • Enzyme Costs
    • Running Costs
    • Initial Outlay/Installed Liter
      • TABLE 93: SIGNIFICANT IMPROVEMENTS IN ENZYME PERFORMANCE AND MANUFACTURING COSTS, THROUGH 2018 (RELATIVE UNITS)
  • ADVANCED BIOFUEL, BIOCHEMICALS/BIOMATERIALS AND BIOPOWER LANDSCAPE
    • TABLE 94: ADVANCED BIOBASED PRODUCTS BY VALUE CHAIN SECTOR
  • "30 HOTTEST" COMPANIES IN RENEWABLE CHEMICALS AND MATERIALS
    • TABLE 95: ANNUAL HOT 30 BIOBASED CHEMICAL AND MATERIALS COMPANIES
  • BIOBASED MATERIALS IN AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
    • TABLE 96: SELECTED BIOBASED MATERIALS IN AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
  • BIOCOMPOSITES
    • TABLE 97: VARIOUS APPLICATIONS OF BIOCOMPOSITES IN MEDICAL/HEALTHCARE
    • TABLE 98: VARIOUS APPLICATIONS OF DIFFERENT POLYMER COMPOSITE BIOMATERIALS
    • TABLE 99: NATURAL FIBER MAJOR END MARKETS AND BY-PRODUCTS FOR VALUE ADDITION
  • ACTIVE HERBAL/BOTANICAL INGREDIENTS AND THERAPEUTIC INDICATIONS
    • TABLE 100: HERBALS/BOTANICALS USED AS PHARMACEUTICAL ADDITIVES/INGREDIENTS
    • TABLE 101: SUBSTANCES DERIVED FROM PLANTS FOR DRUGS AND MEDICINES
    • TABLE 102: LIST OF CRUDE PLANT DRUGS USED FOR COSMETIC PURPOSES
  • BIOBASED JET FUEL AIRCRAFT TESTING APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 103: OVERVIEW OF BIODERIVED ALCOHOL-DERIVED (AD) OR ALCOHOL-TO-JET (ATJ) PRODUCTION PROCESSES
    • TABLE 104: BIOBASED JET FUEL PRODUCERS
    • TABLE 105: BIOBASED JET FUEL TEST FLIGHTS
  • PULP PAPER COMPANIES IN BIOPRODUCTS DEVELOPMENT
    • TABLE 106: BIOPRODUCTS ACTIONS OF SOME OF THE WORLD'S LARGEST PULP AND PAPER COMPANIES
  • NEXT-GENERATION MICROALGAE CULTIVATION
    • TABLE 107: TRENDS IN NEXT-GENERATION MICROALGAL BIOFUEL PRODUCTION
  • DEVELOPMENT OF BIOBASED FUELS FOR SHIPPING
    • TABLE 108: BIOBASED FUEL TESTS ON SHIPS
  • DEVELOPMENT OF BIOSURFACTANTS AND CLEANING PRODUCTS
    • TABLE 109: BIOSURFACTANTS, PRODUCING ORGANISMS AND THEIR APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 110: RANGE OF "BIOGREEN" HOUSEHOLD CLEANING PRODUCTS
  • SELECTED POSSIBLE BIOFUELS/BIOCHEMICAL IPOS IN THE PIPELINE
    • TABLE 111: SELECTED POSSIBLE BIOFUELS/BIOCHEMICAL IPOS IN THE PIPELINE
  • INDUSTRIAL BIOTECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 112: MAIN FORCES FOR ADOPTION OF A BIOTECHNOLOGY PROCESS BY THREE FIRMS
  • BIOTECH CROPS
    • TABLE 113: GLOBAL AREA OF BIOTECH CROPS BY COUNTRY, 2012 (MILLION HECTARES) **
  • GENETIC MODIFICATION
    • TABLE 114: LIST OF COMMERCIAL ENZYMES FROM GENETICALLY MODIFIED MICROORGANISMS USED IN THE FOOD INDUSTRY
  • PRIMARY FACTORS DETERMINING THE COST OF BIODERIVED PRODUCTS
    • TABLE 115: PRIMARY FACTORS DETERMINING THE COST OF BIODERIVED PRODUCTS
  • AVERAGE SHARE OF BIORENEWABLE PROCUREMENT BY SECTOR
    • TABLE 116: AVERAGE SHARE OF BIORENEWABLE PROCUREMENT BY SECTOR, 2010-2018 (%)

CHAPTER 9 - THE NEXT TABLE PRESENTS THE GLOBAL BIOREFINERY PRODUCTS MARKET BY COUNTRY IN 2007.

  • TABLE 117: GLOBAL BIOREFINERY PRODUCTS MARKET BY COUNTRY, 2007
  • TABLE 118: ESTIMATED JOBS IN BIO-DERIVED PRODUCTS INDUSTRY BY GEOGRAPHY, THROUGH 2018 (THOUSANDS)
  • BIOREFINERY APPLICATIONS MARKET GLOBALIZATION
    • TABLE 119: GLOBALIZATION OF BIOREFINERY APLICATIONS
  • GLOBAL RESOURCES DIVERSIFICATION
    • U.S.
    • CHINA
    • ASIA
      • TABLE 120: TOP 1O MOST RESOURCE-RICH COUNTRIES BY RANK, 2012
      • TABLE 121: THE WORLD'S TOP 10 MOST RESOUCES-RICH COUNTRIES BY RESOURCE TYPE VALUE, 2012
  • GLOBAL POPULATION, GDP AND PER CAPITA GDP GROWTH
    • TABLE 122: GLOBAL POPULATION BY GEOGRAPHY, THROUGH 2018 (MILLIONS OF PEOPLE)
  • GLOBAL R&D FUNDING BY TYPE OF RESEARCH
    • TABLE 123: GLOBAL R&D FUNDING BY GEOGRAPHY AND TYPE (%)
  • GLOBAL BIOFUELS FEEDSTOCK DIVERSIFICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT
    • TABLE 124: GLOBAL BIOFUELS FEEDSTOCK DIVERSIFICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT
  • AVERAGE SHARE OF BIORENEWABLE PROCUREMENT BY COUNTRY
    • TABLE 125: AVERAGE SHARE OF BIORENEWABLE PROCUREMENT BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2018 (%)

CHAPTER 10 - COMPANY SHARES

  • TABLE 126: COMPANY BIOMASS/BIOFUEL PROCUREMENT
  • BIOMATERIALS AND BIOCOMPOSITES
    • CHRYSLER
    • FORD
    • BMW
    • OTHER
      • TABLE 127: AUTOMOTIVE BIOMATERIALS COMPANY SHARES, THROUGH 2018 (%)
    • ENZYMES
      • TABLE 128: ENZYMES COMPANY SHARES, 2012 (%)
  • CHEMICALS/MATERIALS
    • DSM
    • BASF-THE CHEMICAL COMPANY
    • BRASKEM
    • DOW CHEMICAL
    • MITSUBISHI CHEMICAL
    • BAYER MATERIALSCIENCE
    • DUPONT SORONA POLYMER
    • SOLVAY
    • MITSUI
    • LANXESS
      • TABLE 129: CHEMICALS/MATERIAL COMPANY SHARES BASED ON CHEMICALS/MATERIALS SALES REVENUE, 2012 ($ BILLIONS)
  • PHARMACEUTICAL COMPANY SHARES
    • SOLIX PHARMACEUTICALS
    • MEDIGENE AG
    • JOHNSON & JOHNSON
    • NOVARTIS
    • PROCTOR & GAMBLE PHARMACEUTICALS
    • OTHER
      • TABLE 130: PHARMACEUTICAL COMPANY SHARES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
  • BIOMASS POWER COMPANY SHARES
    • VATTENFALL
    • E.ON
    • DRAX
    • RWE
    • DONG ENERGY
    • ELECTRABEL (GDF)
    • GOTEBORG HEATING
      • TABLE 131: BIOMASS POWER SHARES, 2012 (%)
  • PETROLEUM REFINERS PURCHASE OBLIGATIONS SHARES
    • TABLE 32: GEOPOLITICAL, ECONOMIC, TECHNICAL AND SOCIAL DRIVERS FOR BIOREFINERY DEVELOPMENT
  • COMPANIES REDUCING GREENHOUSE GASES
    • TABLE 133: COMPANIES REDUCING GREENHOUSE GASES
  • GOVERNMENT PROCUREMENT OF BIOBASED PRODUCTS
    • U.S.
      • Bio Preferred Program and New Voluntary Label
      • USDA Certified BioBased Product Label
        • TABLE 134: BIOPRODUCTS APPLICATIONS-OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE (%)
        • TABLE 135: BIOPRODUCTS APPLICATIONS-BUILDING/CONSTRUCTION (%)
        • TABLE 136: BIOPRODUCTS APPLICATIONS-FLEET (%)
        • TABLE 137: BIOPRODUCTS APPLICATIONS-FOOD SERVICE (%)
        • TABLE 138: BIOPRODUCTS APPLICATIONS-CLEANING (%)
    • EUROPE
      • The EU Eco-Label Scheme
  • GLOBAL POPULATION RELYING ON TRADITIONAL BIOMASS FOR COOKING/HEATING
    • TABLE 139: POPULATION RELYING ON TRADITIONAL BIOMASS FOR COOKING/HEATING, 2013 AND 2018

CHAPTER 11 - COMPANY PROFILES

  • PETROLEUM PRODUCERS, REFINERS AND MARKETERS
    • TABLE 140: PETROLEUM REFINERS AND MARKETERS COMPANY PROFILES
  • CONSUMER GOODS COMPANIES
    • TABLE 141: CONSUMER GOODS COMPANY PROFILES
  • BANKING, TRUSTS, INVESTMENT AND INSURANCES
    • TABLE 142: INVESTMENT BANKING, TRUSTS AND INSURANCE COMPANY PROFILES
  • CONSULTING, RISK MANAGEMENT, LEGAL AND CERTIFICATION
    • TABLE 143: CONSULTING, RISK MANAGEMENT, LEGAL AND CERTIFICATION COMPANY PROFILES
  • AUDIT, TAX, RESEARCH AND ADVISORY
    • TABLE 144: AUDIT, TAX, RESEARCH AND ADVISORY COMPANY PROFILES
  • MANUFACTURING COMPANIES
    • TABLE 145: MANUFACTURING COMPANY PROFILES
  • AUTOMAKERS
    • TABLE 146: AUTOMAKER COMPANY PROFILES
  • AIRLINE/AERO-ENGINE COMPANIES
    • TABLE 147: AIRLINE/AERO-ENGINE COMPANY PROFILES
  • MEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE COMPANIES
    • TABLE 148: MEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE COMPANY PROFILES
  • AGRICULTURE/FORESTRY
    • TABLE 149: AGRICULTURE/FORESTRY COMPANY PROFILES
  • UTILITIES
    • TABLE 150: UTILITIES COMPANY PROFILES
  • BIOREMEDIATION COMPANIES
    • TABLE 151: BIOREMEDIATION COMPANY PROFILES
  • NEWS AND DATA SERVICES COMPANIES
    • TABLE 152: NEWS AND DATA SERVICES COMPANY PROFILES
  • TRADE ASSOCIATIONS
    • TABLE 153: TRADE ASSOCIATIONS PROFILES
  • INTERGOVERNMENTAL AGENCIES
    • TABLE 154: INTERGOVERNMENTAL AGENCIES PROFILES
  • GOVERNMENT AGENCIES
    • TABLE 155: GOVERNMENT AGENCY PROFILES
  • NONGOVERNMENTAL AGENCIES, TRADE ASSOCIATIONS
    • TABLE 156: NONGOVERNMENTAL AGENCY PROFILES

LIST OF TABLES

  • SUMMARY TABLE: DEMAND FOR BIOREFINERY APPLICATION AND MARKET PENETRATION, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS/%)
    • TABLE 1: BIOREFINERY APPLICATION BY MARKET SEGMENT, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 2: OVERVIEW OF BIODERIVED PRODUCTS FROM AGRICULTURAL FEEDSTOCK
    • TABLE 3: BIOREFINING END-USE APPLICATION SECTORS
    • TABLE 4: BIOMASS RESOURCES, TECHNOLOGY PLATFORMS, APPLICATIONS AND GENERAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT BENEFITS UNDERLYING A BIOBASED ECONOMY
    • TABLE 5: COMPARISON OF BIOREFINERIES TO PETRO-REFINERIES
    • TABLE 6: COMPARISON OF BIOLOGICAL AND CHEMICAL CATALYSTS FOR MAKING FUELS FROM LIGNOCELLULOSIC BIOMASS
    • TABLE 7: MAJOR TECHNOLOGY PLATFORMS AND ACTIVITY FOR BIOPRODUCTS
    • TABLE 8: ANNUALLY RENEWABLE BIOMASS FEEDSTOCK/PRODUCT EXAMPLES AND APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 9: MAIN ADVANTAGES OF BIOBASED APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 10: TOP 10 CONSUMERS OF BIO AND OTHER RENEWABLE POWER, 2012
    • TABLE 11: VALUE CHAINS AND CAPITAL INVESTMENTS NEEDED, BY BIOREFINERY TYPE
    • TABLE 12: BIOBASED PRODUCTS WHOLE-OF-LIFE VALUE CHAIN
    • TABLE 13: OVERVIEW OF USES OF RENEWABLE RAW MATERIALS BY INDUSTRY
    • TABLE 14: OVERVIEW OF THE BIOPRODUCT SUPPLY CHAIN
    • TABLE 15: ADDED VALUE OF BIODERIVED PRODUCTS THROUGH PROCESSING AND STANDARDIZATION
    • TABLE 16: VALUE-ADDITION IN BIOPRODUCTS APPLICATION
    • TABLE 17: BIOMASS-DERIVED PRODUCTS, PRICE VERSUS MARKET VOLUME
    • TABLE 18: ECONOMIC VALUE OF VARIOUS BIOMASS BUILDING BLOCKS
    • TABLE 19: SOME COMMON PETROCHEMICAL PRODUCTS (CURRENT VOLUMES, VALUE AND APPLICATIONS) THAT COULD BE MADE FROM AMINO ACIDS
    • TABLE 20: BIOREFINERY USER TYPES/APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 21: TYPES OF BIOREFINERIES BY NUMBER OF PROCESSES, FEEDSTOCKS AND PRODUCTS
    • TABLE 22: CLASSIFICATION OF BIOREFINERIES BASED ON THEIR FEEDSTOCKS
    • TABLE 23: CLASSIFICATION OF BIOREFINERIES BASED ON THEIR CONVERSION ROUTES
    • TABLE 24: CLASSIFICATION OF BIOREFINERIES BASED ON THEIR GENERATION TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 25: DEMAND FOR BIOREFINERY APPLICATION BY TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 26: POTENTIAL EMPLOYMENT IMPACTS FROM BIOREFINERY ENTERPRISES
    • TABLE 27: COMMERCIALIZATION STAGE OF ADVANCED BIOREFINERIES
    • TABLE 28: GLOBAL CUMULATIVE CAPITAL INVESTMENT AND DIRECT ECONOMIC OUTPUT FROM BIOREFINERY, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 29: THE TOP FINANCING PATH FOR BIOREFINERY
    • TABLE 30: EXAMPLES OF STRATEGIC INVESTMENTS IN BIORENEWABLES
    • TABLE 31: GLOBAL FINANCINGS OF BIOTECH COMPANIES, 2012
    • TABLE 32: GEOPOLITICAL, ECONOMIC, TECHNICAL AND SOCIAL DRIVERS FOR BIOREFINERY DEVELOPMENT
    • TABLE 33: SURVEY RESULTS OF BIODERIVED PRODUCTS INCORPORATION
    • TABLE 34: SURVEY RESULTS OF CUSTOMERS WHO HAVE REQUESTED OR INQUIRED ABOUT PRODUCTS MADE WITH BIOBASED MATERIALS
    • TABLE 35: VIEWPOINTS ON USING BIOBASED MATERIALS IN MANUFACTURING OPERATIONS
    • TABLE 36: VIEWPOINTS ON CONSIDERATION FOR END USE/APPLICATIONS OF BIOBASED MATERIALS
    • TABLE 37: “RFS2” PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS BY CATEGORY, THROUGH 2022 (BILLION GALLONS PER YEAR)
    • TABLE 38: RF2 IMPACT ON REFINING ECONOMICS
    • TABLE 39: BIODIESEL SELLING PRICE AND PRODUCERS' PROFIT
    • TABLE 40: COMPARISON OF CELLULOSIC BIOFUEL MINIMUM SELLING PRICES AND GASOLINE PRICES
    • TABLE 41: FIXED AND VARIABLE OPERATING AND MAINTENANCE COSTS FOR BIOREFINERY APPLICATION
    • TABLE 42: FEEDSTOCK PRICE SHIFTS AND VOLATILITY
    • TABLE 43: ECONOMIC VALUE OF VARIOUS BIOMASS FEEDSTOCKS FOR SECOND/-THIRD-GENERATION BIOREFINERIES
    • TABLE 44: IMPORTANT INDICATIONS FOR THE BIOBASED INDUSTRY
    • TABLE 45: USE OF RENEWABLES FOR “GREENER” PROCESSES/PRODUCTS
    • TABLE 46: EISA-MANDATED REDUCTIONS IN LIFE CYCLE GHG EMISSIONS BY BIOFUEL CATEGORY (% REDUCTION FROM 2005 BASELINE FOR GASOLINE OR DIESEL FUEL)
    • TABLE 47: BIOBASED MATERIALS AND PRICES
    • TABLE 48: BIOMASS-BASED ENERGY AND PRICES
    • TABLE 49: THE GREENHOUSE GAS SAVINGS OF MAKING A SIMPLE POLYMER PLASTIC FROM WHEAT
    • TABLE 50: FIRST-GENERATION BIOPRODUCTS CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS AND EMISSIONS SAVING VS FOSSIL FUELS
    • TABLE 51: SECOND-GENERATION CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS AND EMISSIONS SAVING VS FOSSIL FUELS
    • TABLE 52: EUROPEAN COMMISSION'S ESTIMATE OF THE CO2 EMISSIONS OF UNCONVENTIONAL CRUDE COMPARED WITH CONVENTIONAL CRUDE
    • TABLE 53: THE CRADLE-TO-GRAVE GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS OF BIOBASED AND PETROCHEMICAL BULK POLYMERS
    • TABLE 54: ANNUAL GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS SAVINGS
    • TABLE 55: BIOGAS REPLACES WOOD - CASE 1, 2004
    • TABLE 56: BIOGAS REPLACES GRID ELECTRICITY - CASE 2, 2004
    • TABLE 57: CARBON DEBT AND TIME TO REPAY BIOFUEL CARBON DEBT FOR NINE SCENARIOS OF BIOFUEL PRODUCTION
    • TABLE 58: BIOREFINERY APPLICATION BY MARKET/PRODUCT SEGMENT, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 59: GLOBAL BIOMATERIALS MARKET PENETRATION, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 60: GLOBAL BIOPLASTICS/BIOPOLYMER MARKET PENETRATION BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 61: BIOPOLYMER TYPES, MANUFACTURERS, BRANDS AND THEIR APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 62: GLOBAL BIOPLASTICS/BIOPOLYMER DEMAND BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 63: GLOBAL BIOCOMPOSITE MARKET PENETRATION, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 64: GLOBAL DEMAND FOR BIOCOMPOSITES BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 65: GLOBAL BIODRUGS AND HERBALS/BOTANICALS MARKET PENETRATION, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 66: GLOBAL HERBALS/BOTANICALS APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 67: GLOBAL BIODRUGS DEMAND BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 68: GLOBAL BIOFUELS MARKET PENETRATION, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 69: GLOBAL BIOFUELS MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 70: GLOBAL BIOPOWER MARKET PENETRATION, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 71: BIOPOWER TECHNOLOGY DEMAND BY ENERGY RECOVERY SYSTEM TYPE, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 72: GLOBAL BIOBASED CHEMICALS MARKET PENETRATION, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 73: GLOBAL BIOBASED CHEMICALS DEMAND BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 74: GLOBAL BIOGAS MARKET PENETRATION, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 75: GLOBAL BIOGAS MARKET APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 76: DEMAND FOR BIOREFINERY APPLICATIONS BY TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 77: THERMOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM DEMAND BY TYPE, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 78: DEMAND FOR PHYSICO-CHEMICAL BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 79: DEMAND FOR INDUSTRIAL BIOTECHNOLOGY BY TYPE, THROUGH 2018 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 80: BIOREFINERY APPLICATION DEVELOPMENT, 2010-2013
    • TABLE 81: MATERIAL APPLICATIONS OF BIOPRODUCTS
    • TABLE 82: MAJOR PRODUCTS SEGMENTS
    • TABLE 83: BIOREFINERY APPLICATION ACTIVITY BY SELECT COUNTRY
    • TABLE 84: BIODERIVED PRODUCTS FROM THE “CRADLE TO THE GRAVE”
    • TABLE 85: OVERVIEW OF INDUSTRIES AND MATERIAL USES OF BIOPRODUCTS
    • TABLE 86: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES THROUGH THE BIODERIVED PRODUCTS' LIFE CYCLE
    • TABLE 87: COMPARISON OF “TRADITIONAL'' AND BIODERIVED PRODUCTS' LIFE CYCLE
    • TABLE 88: PROCESS INTENSIFICATION
    • TABLE 89: EXAMPLES OF BIODERIVED PRODUCTS IN PRACTICE
    • TABLE 90: BIODERIVED PRODUCTS RISKS AND DEVELOPMENT HURDLES
    • TABLE 91: GEOGRAPHICAL TRENDS IN BIOBASED PRODUCTS
    • TABLE 92: BIOBASED COMPANIES IN ANNUAL “CLEANTECH 100'' ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF 100 GREAT, PRIVATE COMPANIES, 2010, 2011 AND 2012
    • TABLE 93: SIGNIFICANT IMPROVEMENTS IN ENZYME PERFORMANCE AND MANUFACTURING COSTS, THROUGH 2018 (RELATIVE UNITS)
    • TABLE 94: ADVANCED BIOBASED PRODUCTS BY VALUE CHAIN SECTOR
    • TABLE 95: ANNUAL HOT 30 BIOBASED CHEMICAL AND MATERIALS COMPANIES
    • TABLE 96: SELECTED BIOBASED MATERIALS IN AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
    • TABLE 97: VARIOUS APPLICATIONS OF BIOCOMPOSITES IN MEDICAL/HEALTHCARE
    • TABLE 98: VARIOUS APPLICATIONS OF DIFFERENT POLYMER COMPOSITE BIOMATERIALS
    • TABLE 99: NATURAL FIBER MAJOR END MARKETS AND BY-PRODUCTS FOR VALUE ADDITION
    • TABLE 100: HERBALS/BOTANICALS USED AS PHARMACEUTICAL ADDITIVES/INGREDIENTS
    • TABLE 101: SUBSTANCES DERIVED FROM PLANTS FOR DRUGS AND MEDICINES
    • TABLE 102: LIST OF CRUDE PLANT DRUGS USED FOR COSMETIC PURPOSES
    • TABLE 103: OVERVIEW OF BIODERIVED ALCOHOL-DERIVED (AD) OR ALCOHOL-TO-JET (ATJ) PRODUCTION PROCESSES
    • TABLE 104: BIOBASED JET FUEL PRODUCERS
    • TABLE 105: BIOBASED JET FUEL TEST FLIGHTS 185
    • TABLE 106: BIOPRODUCTS ACTIONS OF SOME OF THE WORLD'S LARGEST PULP AND PAPER COMPANIES
    • TABLE 107: TRENDS IN NEXT-GENERATION MICROALGAL BIOFUEL PRODUCTION
    • TABLE 108: BIOBASED FUEL TESTS ON SHIPS
    • TABLE 109: BIOSURFACTANTS, PRODUCING ORGANISMS AND THEIR APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 110: RANGE OF "BIOGREEN" HOUSEHOLD CLEANING PRODUCTS
    • TABLE 111: SELECTED POSSIBLE BIOFUELS/BIOCHEMICAL IPOS IN THE PIPELINE
    • TABLE 112: MAIN FORCES FOR ADOPTION OF A BIOTECHNOLOGY PROCESS BY THREE FIRMS
    • TABLE 113: GLOBAL AREA OF BIOTECH CROPS BY COUNTRY, 2012 (MILLION HECTARES) **
    • TABLE 114: LIST OF COMMERCIAL ENZYMES FROM GENETICALLY MODIFIED MICROORGANISMS USED IN THE FOOD INDUSTRY
    • TABLE 115: PRIMARY FACTORS DETERMINING THE COST OF BIODERIVED PRODUCTS
    • TABLE 116: AVERAGE SHARE OF BIORENEWABLE PROCUREMENT BY SECTOR, 2010-2018 (%)
    • TABLE 117: GLOBAL BIOREFINERY PRODUCTS MARKET BY COUNTRY, 2007
    • TABLE 118: ESTIMATED JOBS IN BIO-DERIVED PRODUCTS INDUSTRY BY GEOGRAPHY, THROUGH 2018 (THOUSANDS)
    • TABLE 119: GLOBALIZATION OF BIOREFINERY APLICATIONS
    • TABLE 120: TOP 1O MOST RESOURCE-RICH COUNTRIES BY RANK, 2012
    • TABLE 121: THE WORLD'S TOP 10 MOST RESOUCES-RICH COUNTRIES BY RESOURCE TYPE VALUE, 2012
    • TABLE 122: GLOBAL POPULATION BY GEOGRAPHY, THROUGH 2018 (MILLIONS OF PEOPLE)
    • TABLE 123: GLOBAL R&D FUNDING BY GEOGRAPHY AND TYPE (%)
    • TABLE 124: GLOBAL BIOFUELS FEEDSTOCK DIVERSIFICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT
    • TABLE 125: AVERAGE SHARE OF BIORENEWABLE PROCUREMENT BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2018 (%)
    • TABLE 126: COMPANY BIOMASS/BIOFUEL PROCUREMENT
    • TABLE 127: AUTOMOTIVE BIOMATERIALS COMPANY SHARES, THROUGH 2018 (%)
    • TABLE 128: ENZYMES COMPANY SHARES, 2012 (%)
    • TABLE 129: CHEMICALS/MATERIAL COMPANY SHARES BASED ON CHEMICALS/MATERIALS SALES REVENUE, 2012 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 130: PHARMACEUTICAL COMPANY SHARES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 131: BIOMASS POWER SHARES, 2012 (%)
    • TABLE 32 : EOPOLITICAL, ECONOMIC, TECHNICAL AND SOCIAL DRIVERS FOR BIOREFINERY DEVELOPMENT
    • TABLE 133: COMPANIES REDUCING GREENHOUSE GASES
    • TABLE 134: BIOPRODUCTS APPLICATIONS-OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE (%)
    • TABLE 135: BIOPRODUCTS APPLICATIONS-BUILDING/CONSTRUCTION (%)
    • TABLE 136: BIOPRODUCTS APPLICATIONS-FLEET (%)
    • TABLE 137: BIOPRODUCTS APPLICATIONS-FOOD SERVICE (%)
    • TABLE 138: BIOPRODUCTS APPLICATIONS-CLEANING (%)
    • TABLE 139: POPULATION RELYING ON TRADITIONAL BIOMASS FOR COOKING/HEATING, 2013 AND 2018
    • TABLE 140: PETROLEUM REFINERS AND MARKETERS COMPANY PROFILES
    • TABLE 141: CONSUMER GOODS COMPANY PROFILES
    • TABLE 142: INVESTMENT BANKING, TRUSTS AND INSURANCE COMPANY PROFILES
    • TABLE 143: CONSULTING, RISK MANAGEMENT, LEGAL AND CERTIFICATION COMPANY PROFILES
    • TABLE 144: AUDIT, TAX, RESEARCH AND ADVISORY COMPANY PROFILES
    • TABLE 145: MANUFACTURING COMPANY PROFILES
    • TABLE 146: AUTOMAKER COMPANY PROFILES
    • TABLE 147: AIRLINE/AERO-ENGINE COMPANY PROFILES
    • TABLE 148: MEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE COMPANY PROFILES
    • TABLE 149: AGRICULTURE/FORESTRY COMPANY PROFILES
    • TABLE 150: UTILITIES COMPANY PROFILES
    • TABLE 151: BIOREMEDIATION COMPANY PROFILES
    • TABLE 152: NEWS AND DATA SERVICES COMPANY PROFILES
    • TABLE 153: TRADE ASSOCIATIONS PROFILES
    • TABLE 154: INTERGOVERNMENTAL AGENCIES PROFILES
    • TABLE 155: GOVERNMENT AGENCY PROFILES
    • TABLE 156: NONGOVERNMENTAL AGENCY PROFILES

LIST OF FIGURES

  • SUMMARY FIGURE: DEMAND FOR BIOREFINERY APPLICATION AND MARKET PENETRATION, 2010-2018 ($ BILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 1: RAW MATERIALS AND APPLICATIONS
    • FIGURE 2: CROPS USED COMMERCIALLY FOR INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS
    • FIGURE 3: BIOREFINERY APPLICATIONS AND THE GLOBAL BIOBASED ECONOMY
    • FIGURE 4: TRANSITIONAL CHALLENGES IN BIOREFINERY DEVELOPMENT
    • FIGURE 5: PRODUCTS' LIFE CYCLE
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