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市場調査レポート

世界の天然ガス貯蔵の市場と技術

Global Markets and Technologies for Natural Gas Storage

発行 BCC Research 商品コード 277162
出版日 ページ情報 英文 280 Pages
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世界の天然ガス貯蔵の市場と技術 Global Markets and Technologies for Natural Gas Storage
出版日: 2016年01月01日 ページ情報: 英文 280 Pages
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概要

世界の天然ガス貯蔵の市場規模は、2015年には5622億米ドルから、2020年には7964億米ドルにまで拡大する見通しです。また、その間の年平均成長率 (CAGR) は7.2%と推計されています。

当レポートでは、全世界の天然ガス貯蔵の関連市場について分析し、現在の市場構造・規模や、今後5年間の市場成長率、主要技術の現状と今後の方向性、一次エネルギー源としてのガス貯蔵の利用見通し、現在・将来の環境規制の影響度、天然ガスの価格動向とその影響、現在運用中・建設中のLNG/地下ガス貯蔵プロジェクトの概要、世界各国の主要企業の概要と事業戦略などを調査しております。

第1章 イントロダクション

第2章 サマリー

第3章 産業概要

  • なぜ天然ガスを貯蔵するのか?
  • 天然ガスのバリューチェーンにおける貯蔵の価値と重要性
  • 天然ガス貯蔵施設の種類
  • 輸送能力
  • 天然ガス貯蔵産業の沿革
  • 天然ガス貯蔵の経済性
  • 天然ガス貯蔵インフラの将来性
  • 世界の天然ガス貯蔵需要の概要

第4章 天然ガス地下貯蔵の需要

  • 枯渇油田・ガス田貯蔵の世界需要
  • 枯渇帯水層貯蔵の世界需要:種類別
  • 空洞貯蔵の世界需要:種類別

第5章 天然ガス地上貯蔵の需要

  • LNG貯蔵の世界需要
  • LNGタンカー貯蔵の世界需要
    • 北米
    • 欧州
    • CIS諸国
    • アジア太平洋地域
    • 他の国々 (RoW:南米、中東など)
  • 液化プラントでのLNG貯蔵の需要:地域別
  • 受入ターミナルでのLNG貯蔵の需要:地域別
  • 商業用・小規模LNG貯蔵の需要:地域別
  • CNG (圧縮天然ガス) 貯蔵の需要
    • タイプI
    • タイプII
    • タイプIII/IV
    • タイプVのCNG貯蔵タンク

第6章 天然ガス貯蔵の需要:用途別

  • 天然ガス地下貯蔵の需要:用途別・地域別
  • 季節調整向け
  • システム最適化・供給安定化向け
  • 裁定取引・輸送バックアップ・直接利用向け
  • LNG貿易
  • 輸送機械向けCNG需要

第7章 技術

  • 地下貯蔵の需要:多孔質地層の場合
    • 非多孔性地層での地下貯蔵技術
    • 貯蔵層での格納技術:(枯渇した) 液体の種類別
  • LNG格納技術の需要
    • メンブレン式 (膜式)
    • モス (MOSS) 式
    • タンク式
  • CNG貯蔵タンクの需要:格納技術別
    • 金属製タンク
    • 金属複合体タンク
    • 非金属製タンク
  • 格納技術の比較
  • 主要企業の市場シェア
    • ガス地下貯蔵 (UGS) 運営企業
    • LNGタンカーの容量ベースでの企業シェア
    • CNG圧力容器メーカーの市場シェア

第8章 世界経済の概況

  • 総人口
  • GDP総額および1人当たりGDP
  • エネルギー消費量:原料別
  • 天然ガスの確認埋蔵量:地域別
  • 石油・ガスの探査・生産活動への投資
  • 天然ガスの生産量:地域別
  • 天然ガスの生産量:種類別 (在来型/非在来型)
  • 天然ガスの消費量:地域別
  • 為替レート
  • 天然ガス・原油価格
  • 金属市場

第9章 産業構造

  • 更なる開発・展開への障壁
  • 地下貯蔵施設の集中度:地域別・種類別
  • 地上貯蔵施設の集中度:地域別・種類別
  • 地層状態別の集中度
    • 非地層式の貯蔵形態
    • 地層式の貯蔵形態
      • 多孔性貯蔵層方式
      • 空洞方式
  • LNGタンカー貿易の集中度
    • LNG受入/再ガス化ターミナルでのLNG貯蔵
  • 地下貯蔵
  • 圧力式天然ガス貯蔵
  • 収益の流れ
    • CNG方式の市場規模
    • LNGタンカー貿易の規模
    • 天然ガス地下貯蔵の市場規模
    • 受入/再ガス化ターミナル貯蔵の市場規模
    • 商用LNG貯蔵の市場規模
  • 市場集中度:地域別
  • 天然ガス貯蔵の傾向
    • LNGの輸出国・輸入国の数
    • 地下貯蔵施設の件数
      • 枯渇油田・ガス田方式
      • 岩塩空洞方式
      • 帯水層方式
      • その他
    • CNG自動車の台数

第10章 政府の規制・法令

  • 米国におけるLNG関連の政府機関の活動
  • 天然ガス地下貯蔵に関する国際規制の側面
  • 米国以外の政府機関の活動

第11章 企業プロファイル

  • 天然ガス貯蔵インフラの監督官庁 (全5件)
  • LNG受入ターミナルの運営企業 (全11社)
  • 天然ガス地下貯蔵の企業 (全21社)
  • LNG貯蔵タンク・格納システム (全7社)
  • オフショアLNGターミナル (全5社)
  • シリンダー式CNG貯蔵 (全10社)
  • 圧縮機械 (全2社)
  • 接着剤 (全3社)
  • 代替燃料自動車向け技術 (1社)
  • ボイルオフガス取扱技術 (全2社)
  • 保冷ボックス (1社)
  • 燃焼装置 (1社)
  • 結合システム (1社)
  • 極低温システム部品 (1社)
  • 電気制御ユニット (1社)
  • エクスパンダー (1社)
  • フランジ・配管 (1社)
  • フレキシブルホース/ホース (1社)
  • FSO/FPSOユニット (1社)
  • ガス/石油/水分分離ユニット (1社)
  • ガス処理システムおよび同部品 (1社)
  • 熱交換器/熱伝送技術 (1社)
  • 断熱装置 (極低温用) (1社)
  • LNGタンカー用バースおよびローディングアーム (全3社)
  • LNGピークシェービングおよびサテライトシステム (全8社)
  • パイプ支持装置 (1社)
  • 圧力容器 (極低温用) (1社)
  • 極低温ポンプ (1社)
  • タービン (1社)
  • 流量メーター・流量コンピューター・流量表示器 (全7社)
  • 解析装置・検知器・センサー・制御装置・計測装置 (全4社)
  • LNGバリューチェーン上の企業 (全10社)
  • 天然ガス探査・生産企業 (全2社)
  • サービス用消耗品企業 (全4社)
  • 土木建設企業 (全7社)
  • 投資顧問企業 (1社)
  • LNG船建造および推進システム (全8社)
  • LNGタンカーのオペレーター (1社)
  • LNG処理技術のライセンサー (全3社)
  • 法律顧問企業 (1社)
  • 防火システム・素材 (全2社)
  • 燃焼システム・装置 (全2社)
  • 油圧式・電気機械式装置 (1社)
  • 水路・地質 (全2社)
  • 巻き上げ機・クレーン・ウィンチ (全3社)
  • 照明装置 (1社)
  • ライニング・シール・ガスケット (1社)
  • パイプライン・配管用装置 (全5社)
  • 発電・推進用機械 (1社)
  • 処理・分離装置 (全5社)
  • プロジェクト管理・コンサルティング・認証 (全4社)
  • ポンプ (非極低温用) (1社)
  • 人事 (1社)
  • 岩石除去 (1社)
  • 地震監視 (全3社)
  • 鉄鋼・特殊金属・溶接 (全2社)
  • 支援船・供給船・コンテナ船 (1社)
  • 余剰・中古装置 (全2社)
  • 人命保護・救出用装置 (全3社)
  • 油井・ガス井用装置 (1社)

第12章 付録・換算表

図表一覧

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目次
Product Code: EGY045C

REPORT HIGHLIGHTS

The global natural gas storage market will reach $796.4 billion in 2020, up from $562.2 billion in 2015, registering a CAGR of 7.2% for the preiod of 2015-2020.

This report provides:

  • An assessment and quantification of the current global natural gas storage market
  • Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2014, estimates for 2015, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2020
  • Evaluation of the future global use of storage as a means of primary energy production
  • Discussion of important current and potential environmental regulations that may affect the growth of this market
  • Examination of pricing trends for key North American and European wholesale gas markets
  • Assessment of the impacts of new and proposed infrastructure projects
  • A detailed patent analysis
  • Profiles of the top players in the field

SCOPE AND FORMAT

BCC Research expects a consistent increase in global natural gas usage with more than 250 years of global supply now well established, and emerging exploration potential, especially in shale gas. BCC Research analysis expects global natural gas demand to increase by 65% from 2015 to 2030, reaching 27% of the primary energy mix globally and within that, strong growth in LNG. BCC Research expects LNG demand to double again to reach 550 million tons by 2030. Meeting this demand growth will require substantial investment in developing storage infrastructure - potentially more than $1.3 trillion. Natural gas storages will ensure continued innovation and enhance interdependency between supplier and consumer centers.

This report is divided into eleven chapters.

Chapter One presents the introduction. The study goal and objectives are identified and the reasons for doing the study advanced. It also provides the contribution of the study and for whom, the scope and format, methodology and intended audience. The credentials of the analyst are presented and the related BCC Research reports listed.

Chapter Two presents a summary of the report, including a summary table and figure which presents some key findings from the study

Chapter Three presents an overview of the natural gas storage industry. The overview describes the importance of the natural gas storage infrastructure in relation to the overall global energy economy, including a brief history and important indications for the industry. Key findings from the study are presented.

Chapter Four quantifies the demand for underground natural gas storage by type including aquifers, cavern, and depleted oil and gas fields. These products are each quantified with global and regional forecasts made up to 2020.

Chapter Five quantifies the demand for above ground natural gas storage by type including LNG tanker, merchant LNG and compressed natural gas. These products are each quantified with global and regional forecasts made up to 2020.

Chapter Six presents the demand for natural gas storage by application such as international LNG trade, seasonal balancing, system optimization and security of supply, arbitrage, transit backup and direct end-users and merchant LNG (now increasingly being used in heavy-duty vehicle transportation) and peak shaving. These are quantified with global and regional forecasts made to 2020.

Chapter Seven presents the demand for natural gas storage infrastructure by technology covering a detailed analysis of the containment systems. It assesses and evaluates the containment technology by type with global and regional breakdown and forecasts to 2020. An evaluation of the demand for natural gas storage intensity by type of storage technology is presented. The natural gas storage industry giants are identified and their market shares presented. The technology developments by industry giants are assessed, including company expertise and know-how, and leaders in research and development are also profiled.

Chapter Eight analyzes the international scene and quantifies global energy demand, population growth, natural gas reserves, production and consumption. It quantifies the growth of unconventional gas production, the price of natural gas and crude oil and looks at the shifts in major metals prices.

Chapter Nine analyzes the structure of the storage industry, including the driving forces of the industry. Important strategies for staying competitive and important shifts in the industry are assessed. Trade practices of the industry and business and the impact of storage on the petroleum and power industries are discussed. Concentration factors, valorization, and company market shares are presented. Other aspects covered in this section include competition and market segmentation/fragmentation.

Chapter Ten discusses the government environmental/energy regulation scene as it applies to natural gas storage infrastructure and business. The report also describes the environmental regulatory changes and agencies involved, including industry compliance and quantification of economic effects.

Chapter Eleven presents company profiles of more than 100 companies involved in the natural gas storage infrastructure, and business are profiled with highlights of their major activities in the storage business including the company name, telephone number, fax number, and contact name and number.

ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS

Edward Gobina is a Full U.K. Professor of Chemical and Processing Engineering with 32 years of research and teaching experience in environmental engineering, petrochemical reaction engineering, and catalysis and membrane technology. His scientific achievements are archived in more than 300 articles and spread in more than 25 granted patents, more than 30 patent applications, and more than 100 invited and guest speaker presentations, as well as contributed presentations and prestigious refereed scientific journals, newsletters, proceedings and reviews. He has been a project analyst for BCC Research since 1998 and has authored more than 25 BCC Research reports. His reports have provided the critical links in the entire chemical and energy infrastructure chain, from hydrogen to advanced oil and gas exploitation, sensors and monitoring, and LNG infrastructure. Professor Gobina is a member of the European Membrane Society (EMS), the North American Membrane Society (NAMS) and the New York Academy of Sciences (NYAS). He is the current director of the Centre for Process Integration and Membrane Technology (CPIMT) within the School of Engineering at the Robert Gordon University in the U.K.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION

  • STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
  • REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
  • CONTRIBUTION OF THE STUDY AND INTENDED AUDIENCE
  • SCOPE AND FORMAT
  • METHODOLOGY
  • INFORMATION SOURCES
  • ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
  • RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
  • BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
  • DISCLAIMER

CHAPTER 2 - SUMMARY

  • COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS MARKET VALUE
  • LNG TANKER TRADE VALUE
  • UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE MARKET VALUE
  • RECEIVING/LIQUEFACTION TERMINAL STORAGE MARKET VALUE
  • MERCHANT LNG MARKET VALUE
  • SUMMARY TABLE: VALORIZATION OF GAS STORAGE BY SECTOR, THROUGH 2020 ($ BILLIONS)
  • SUMMARY FIGURE: VALORIZATION OF GAS STORAGE BY SECTOR, 2012-2020 ($ BILLIONS)

CHAPTER 3 - INDUSTRY OVERVIEW

  • WHY STORE NATURAL GAS?
    • TABLE 1 THE REASONS AND NEED FOR NATURAL GAS STORAGE
  • THE VALUE AND IMPORTANCE OF STORAGE IN THE NATURAL GAS VALUE CHAIN
    • TABLE 2 THE USE OF STORAGE FOR SECURITY OF SUPPLY: RISKS COVERED DEPENDING ON CONTROL OF STORAGE CAPACITY
    • TABLE 3 THE "VALUE" OF STORAGE IN THE NATURAL GAS VALUE CHAIN
  • IMPORTANCE OF STORAGE
    • TABLE 4 THE IMPORTANCE OF STORAGE IN THE NATURAL GAS VALUE CHAIN
  • TYPES OF NATURAL GAS STORAGE FACILITIES
    • TABLE 5 WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY LOCATION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 6 ABOVE GROUND VERSUS UNDERGROUND NATURAL GAS STORAGE
    • TABLE 7 GLOBAL SHARE OF NATURAL GAS STORAGE FACILITIES BY TYPE, 2015 (%)
  • UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE (UGS)
    • TABLE 8 CHARACTERISTICS OF UGS CONTAINMENT SYSTEMS, 2013
    • TABLE 9 WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR UNDERGROUND NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY TYPE OF TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 (%)*
  • COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS STORAGE (CNG)
    • TABLE 10 DEMAND FOR COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY TYPE OF TANK TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 (%)*
  • LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG) STORAGE
    • TABLE 11 DEMAND FOR LNG TANKER, RECEIVING AND LIQUEFACTION TERMINAL STORAGE BY CAPACITY RANGE, THROUGH 2020 (%)
  • DELIVERABILITY
    • TABLE 12 THE DELIVERABILITY OF DIFFERENT NATURAL GAS STORAGES
  • WHERE LNG AND NATURAL GAS STORAGE INFRASTRUCTURE FITS IN THE GLOBAL ECONOMY
    • TABLE 13 GLOBAL NATURAL GAS STORAGE AS A PERCENTAGE OF GLOBAL PRODUCTION, THROUGH 2020 (%/BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • HISTORY OF THE NATURAL GAS STORAGE INDUSTRY
    • UNDERGROUND NATURAL GAS STORAGE TECHNOLOGY EVOLUTION
    • LNG STORAGE TECHNOLOGY EVOLUTION
    • COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS STORAGE (CNG)
      • TABLE 14 EVOLUTION OF NATURAL GAS STORAGE INFRASTRUCTURE IN NUMBERS, 1900-2010
  • ECONOMICS OF NATURAL GAS STORAGE
    • LNG TANKERS
      • TABLE 15 COST BREAKDOWN OF A MODERN LNG VESSEL (%)
    • LNG STORAGE AT IMPORT AND REGASIFICATION TERMINALS
      • TABLE 16 COST BREAKDOWN OF A MODERN BASE-LOAD LNG REGASIFICATION PLANT (%)
    • UNDERGROUND NATURAL GAS STORAGE
      • TABLE 17 COST COMPONENTS OF UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE (%)
    • MERCHANT LNG (LNG PEAK SHAVING AND SATELLITE STORAGE)
      • TABLE 18 COST BREAKDOWN OF A MODERN PEAK-SHAVING AND SATELLITE LNG PLANT (%)
    • COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS STORAGE
      • TABLE 19 COST BREAKDOWN OF COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS PROJECT (%)
      • TABLE 20 COST BREAKDOWN OF COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS STORAGE TANKS (%)
    • FUTURE OF NATURAL GAS STORAGE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • TABLE 21 NATURAL GAS SUBSTITUTION IN GLOBAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION
    • OVERVIEW OF GLOBAL DEMAND FOR NATURAL GAS STORAGE
      • TABLE 22 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY SEGMENT/SECTOR, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)

CHAPTER 4 - DEMAND FOR UNDERGROUND NATURAL GAS STORAGE

  • TABLE 23 DEMAND FOR GLOBAL UNDERGROUND NATURAL GAS STORAGE AS A PERCENTAGE OF GLOBAL NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION, THROUGH 2020 (%/BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • GLOBAL DEMAND FOR DEPLETED OIL & GAS FIELD STORAGE
    • TABLE 24 DEMAND FOR GLOBAL DEPLETED OIL & GAS FIELD STORAGE AS A PERCENTAGE OF GLOBAL NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION, THROUGH 2020 (%/BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 25 GLOBAL WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR DEPLETED OIL/GAS FIELD NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • NORTH AMERICA
    • TABLE 26 NORTH AMERICA DEMAND FOR DEPLETED OIL/GAS FIELD NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY TYPE, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • United States
      • Depleted Gas Fields
      • Depleted Oil Fields
        • TABLE 27 UNITED STATES WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR OIL/GAS DEPLETED FIELD NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY TYPE, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • Canada
      • Depleted Gas Fields
      • Depleted Oil Fields
        • TABLE 28 CANADA WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR DEPLETED OIL/GAS FIELD NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY TYPE, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • EUROPE
    • TABLE 29 EUROPE WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR DEPLETED OIL/GAS FIELD NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY TYPE, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • Austria
    • Bulgaria
    • Croatia
    • Czech Republic
    • France
    • Germany
    • Hungary
    • Ireland
    • Italy
    • Netherlands
    • Poland
    • Romania
    • Slovak Republic
    • Spain
    • Turkey
    • United Kingdom
      • TABLE 30 EUROPE WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR DEPLETED OIL/GAS FIELD NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • CIS
    • Russia
    • Ukraine
    • Uzbekistan
    • Kazakhstan
    • Azerbaijan
      • TABLE 31 CIS WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR DEPLETED OIL/GAS FIELD NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • ASIA-PACIFIC
    • Australia
    • New Zealand
    • China
      • TABLE 32 ASIA-PACIFIC WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR DEPLETED OIL/GAS FIELD NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • ROW
    • Latin America
    • Middle East
      • TABLE 33 ROW WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR DEPLETED OIL/GAS FIELD NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • GLOBAL DEMAND FOR DEPLETED AQUIFER FIELD STORAGE BY TYPE
    • TABLE 34 GLOBAL WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR DEPLETED AQUIFER FIELD NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • NORTH AMERICA
    • TABLE 35 NORTH AMERICA DEMAND FOR DEPLETED AQUIFER FIELD NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • United States
      • East
      • West
      • Producing Region
      • Alaska
        • TABLE 36 UNITED STATES WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR DEPLETED AQUIFER FIELD STORAGE BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • EUROPE AND CIS
    • TABLE 37 EUROPE AND CIS WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR DEPLETED AQUIFER FIELD STORAGE BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • Europe
      • Czech Republic
      • Denmark
      • France
      • Germany
      • Latvia
      • Spain
      • Other
        • TABLE 38 EUROPE WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR DEPLETED AQUIFER FIELD STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
      • Russia
      • Other
        • TABLE 39 CIS WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR DEPLETED AQUIFER FIELD STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • GLOBAL DEMAND FOR CAVERN STORAGE BY TYPE
    • TABLE 40 WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR GLOBAL CAVERN NATURAL GAS STORAGE AS A PERCENTAGE OF GLOBAL NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION, THROUGH 2020 (%/BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 41 WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR CAVERN NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • NORTH AMERICA
    • TABLE 42 DEMAND FOR NORTH AMERICA NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY TYPE OF CAVERN, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • United States
      • TABLE 43 DEMAND FOR UNITED STATES SALT CAVERN NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY U.S. REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • Canada
      • Salt Cavern
      • Rock Cavern
        • TABLE 44 DEMAND FOR CANADA CAVERN NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY TYPE, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • EUROPE
    • TABLE 45 DEMAND FOR EUROPE CAVERN NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY TYPE, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • Denmark
    • France
    • Germany
    • The Netherlands
    • Poland
    • Portugal
    • United Kingdom
      • TABLE 46 EUROPE'S DEMAND FOR CAVERN NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • Sweden
    • Czech Republic
    • Other
      • TABLE 47 EUROPE'S DEMAND FOR ROCK CAVERN STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • COMMONWEALTH OF INDEPENDENT STATES (CIS)
    • Russia
    • Other
      • TABLE 48 DEMAND BY CIS FOR SALT CAVERN NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)

CHAPTER 5 - DEMAND FOR ABOVE GROUND STORAGE

  • TABLE 49 DEMAND FOR GLOBAL ABOVE GROUND NATURAL GAS STORAGE AS A PERCENTAGE OF GLOBAL NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION, THROUGH 2020 (%/BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • GLOBAL DEMAND FOR LNG STORAGE
    • TABLE 50 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR LNG STORAGE AS A PERCENTAGE OF GLOBAL NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION, THROUGH 2020 (%/BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • GLOBAL DEMAND FOR LNG TANKER STORAGE
    • TABLE 51 GLOBAL WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR LNG TANKER TRADE STORAGE BY EXPORTING REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • NORTH AMERICA
    • United States of America
    • Canada
      • TABLE 52 WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR NORTH AMERICA LNG TANKER STORAGE BY EXPORTING COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
      • TABLE 53 MAJOR LIQUEFACTION PROJECTS IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, THROUGH 2020 *(BILLION CUBIC METERS PER YEAR/%)
  • EUROPE
    • TABLE 54 WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR EUROPE LNG TANKER STORAGE CAPACITY BY EXPORTING COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • CIS
    • TABLE 55 WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR CIS LNG TANKER STORAGE BY EXPORTING COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • ASIA-PACIFIC
    • Indonesia
    • Malaysia
    • Australia
    • Other Asia-Pacific
      • TABLE 56 WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR ASIA-PACIFIC LNG TANKER STORAGE BY EXPORTING COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • ROW
    • TABLE 57 WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR ROW LNG TANKER STORAGE BY TYPE OF EXPORTING REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • Central and South America
      • Trinidad and Tobago
      • Other
        • TABLE 58 WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICA LNG TANKER STORAGE BY EXPORTING COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • Africa
      • Nigeria
      • Algeria
      • Equatorial Guinea
      • Angola
      • Other Africa
        • TABLE 59 WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR AFRICA LNG TANKER STORAGE BY EXPORTING COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • Middle East
      • Qatar
      • Oman
      • Yemen
      • Brunei
      • UAE
        • TABLE 60 WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR MIDDLE EAST TANKER STORAGE BY EXPORTING COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • GLOBAL DEMAND FOR LIQUEFACTION PLANT LNG STORAGE BY REGION
    • TABLE 61 GLOBAL WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR LIQUEFACTION PLANT LNG STORAGE BY COUNTRY. 2015
    • TABLE 62 GLOBAL WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR LIQUEFACTION PLANT STORAGE CAPACITY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • NORTH AMERICA
    • United States
    • Canada
      • TABLE 63 NORTH AMERICA WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR LIQUEFACTION PLANT STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • EUROPE AND CIS
    • Europe
    • CIS
      • TABLE 64 EUROPE AND CIS WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR LIQUEFACTION PLANT STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • ASIA-PACIFIC
    • Indonesia
    • Australia
    • Other
      • TABLE 65 ASIA-PACIFIC WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR LIQUEFACTION PLANT STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • ROW
    • TABLE 66 ROW WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR LIQUEFACTION PLANT STORAGE CAPACITY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • Latin American
      • Trinidad and Tobago
      • Peru
        • TABLE 67 LATIN AMERICA'S WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR LIQUEFACTION PLANT STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • Middle East
      • Qatar
      • Yemen
      • Brunei
      • UAE
        • TABLE 68 MIDDLE EAST'S WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR LIQUEFACTION PLANT STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • Africa
      • Algeria
      • Nigeria
      • Egypt
      • Angola
      • Eq. Guinea
      • Other
        • TABLE 69 AFRICA WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR LIQUEFACTION PLANT STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • GLOBAL DEMAND FOR RECEIVING TERMINAL LNG STORAGE BY REGION
    • TABLE 70 GLOBAL WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR RECEIVING TERMINAL LNG STORAGE BY REGION THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • NORTH AMERICA
    • United States of America
      • Canada
      • Mexico
        • TABLE 71 NORTH AMERICA'S WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR RECEIVING TERMINAL LNG STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
        • TABLE 72 WORKING GAS CAPACITY OF U.S. FOR REGASIFICATION AND STORAGE, 2015 (MILLION CUBIC METERS)
        • TABLE 73 CANADA'S WORKING GAS CAPACITY REGASIFICATION AND STORAGE, 2015
        • TABLE 74 MEXICO'S WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR REGASIFICATION AND STORAGE, 2015
  • EUROPE
    • TABLE 75 EUROPE WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR RECEIVING TERMINAL LNG STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • Spain
      • TABLE 76 EUROPE WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR REGASIFICATION AND STORAGE BY COUNTRY, 2015
  • ASIA-PACIFIC
    • TABLE 77 ASIA-PACIFIC WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR RECEIVING TERMINAL LNG STORAGE CAPACITY BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • Japan
    • China
    • South Korea
    • India
      • TABLE 78 ASIA-PACIFIC WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR REGASIFICATION AND STORAGE BY COUNTRY, 2015
  • ROW
    • TABLE 79 ROW'S WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR RECEIVING TERMINAL LNG STORAGE CAPACITY BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 80 ROW WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR REGASIFICATION AND STORAGE BY COUNTRY, 2015
  • GLOBAL DEMAND FOR MERCHANT AND SMALL-SCALE LNG STORAGE BY REGION
    • TABLE 81 GLOBAL WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR MERCHANT AND SMALL-SCALE LNG STORAGE BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • NORTH AMERICA
    • United States
    • Canada
    • Mexico
      • TABLE 82 NORTH AMERICA'S WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR MERCHANT OR SMALL-SCALE LNG STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • EUROPE AND CIS
    • Netherlands
    • Spain
    • Norway
    • CIS
      • TABLE 83 EUROPE WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR MERCHANT OR SMALL-SCALE LNG STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • ASIA-PACIFIC
    • China
    • Japan
    • Thailand
    • Korea
    • Other
      • TABLE 84 ASIA-PACIFIC WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR MERCHANT OR SMALL-SCALE LNG STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • ROW
    • Latin America
    • Middle East
    • Africa
      • TABLE 85 ROW WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR MERCHANT OR SMALL-SCALE LNG STORAGE BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • DEMAND FOR COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS (CNG) STORAGE
    • TABLE 86 GLOBAL WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR CNG STORAGE AS A PERCENTAGE OF GLOBAL NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION, THROUGH 2020 (%/BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 87 GLOBAL WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR CNG STORAGE TANK BY TYPE, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • TYPE I TANKS
    • North America
    • Europe
    • Asia-Pacific
    • ROW
      • TABLE 88 GLOBAL WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR CNG TYPE I STORAGE TANKS BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • TYPE II TANKS
    • North America
    • Europe
    • Asia-Pacific
    • ROW
      • TABLE 89 GLOBAL WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR CNG TYPE II STORAGE TANKS BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • TYPE III/IV TANKS
    • North America
    • Europe
    • Asia-Pacific
    • ROW
      • TABLE 90 GLOBAL WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR CNG TYPE III/IV STORAGE TANKS BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • TYPE V CNG STORAGE TANKS
    • North America
    • Europe
    • Asia-Pacific
    • ROW
      • TABLE 91 GLOBAL WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR TYPE V CNG STORAGE TANKS BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)

CHAPTER 6 - DEMAND FOR NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY APPLICATION

  • TABLE 92 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • DEMAND FOR UNDERGROUND NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY APPLICATION AND REGION
    • TABLE 93 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR UNDERGROUND NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • SEASONAL BALANCING
    • NORTH AMERICA
    • EUROPE
    • CIS
    • ASIA-PACIFIC
    • ROW
      • TABLE 94 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR NATURAL GAS STORAGE FOR SEASONAL BALANCING BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • SYSTEM OPTIMIZATION AND SECURITY OF SUPPLY
    • NORTH AMERICA
    • EUROPE
    • CIS
    • ASIA-PACIFIC
    • ROW
      • TABLE 95 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR NATURAL GAS STORAGE FOR SYSTEM OPTIMIZATION AND SECURITY OF SUPPLY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • ARBITRAGE, TRANSIT BACK-UP AND DIRECT END-USE
    • NORTH AMERICA
    • EUROPE
    • CIS
    • ASIA-PACIFIC
    • ROW
      • TABLE 96 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ARBITRAGE, TRANSIT BACK-UP AND DIRECT END-USE BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • LNG TRADE
    • TABLE 97 DEMAND FOR LNG STORAGE IN INTERNATIONAL AND MERCHANT TRADE, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • DEMAND FOR LNG STORAGE IN INTERNATIONAL TRADE
    • United States of America
    • Qatar
    • Australia
      • TABLE 98 DEMAND FOR LNG STORAGE IN INTERNATIONAL TRADE BY EXPORTING COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • DEMAND FOR LNG STORAGE IN LIQUEFACTION AND RECEIVING TERMINALS
    • TABLE 99 DEMAND FOR LNG STORAGE IN LIQUEFACTION AND RECEIVING TERMINALS, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • DEMAND FOR LNG STORAGE IN MERCHANT AND SMALL-SCALE TRADE
    • TABLE 100 DEMAND FOR LNG STORAGE IN MERCHANT AND SMALL-SCALE TRADE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • NORTH AMERICA
    • Peak Shaving
    • Remote and Stranded Supply
    • LNG as Transport Fuel
  • EUROPE AND CIS
    • Peak Shaving
    • Remote and Stranded Supply
    • LNG as Transport Fuel
  • ASIA-PACIFIC
    • Peak Shaving
    • Remote and Stranded Supply
    • LNG as Transport Fuel
  • ROW
    • Latin America
      • Peak Shaving
      • Remote and Stranded Supply
      • LNG as Transport Fuel
    • Middle East
      • Peak Shaving
      • Remote and Stranded Supply
      • LNG as Transport Fuel
    • Africa
      • Peak Shaving
      • Remote and Stranded Supply
      • LNG as Transport Fuel
        • TABLE 101 GLOBAL WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR MERCHANT AND SMALL-SCALE LNG STORAGE BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • DEMAND FOR COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS IN TRANSPORT
    • TABLE 102 DEMAND FOR CNG TANK STORAGE IN TRANSPORT BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • NORTH AMERICA
  • EUROPE
  • CIS
  • ASIA-PACIFIC
  • ROW
    • Middle East
    • Latin America
    • Africa
      • TABLE 103 ROW DEMAND FOR GAS STORAGE IN TRANSPORT BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)

CHAPTER 7 - TECHNOLOGY

  • TABLE 104 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY CONTAINMENT TECHNOLOGY TYPE, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • DEMAND FOR UNDERGROUND CONTAINMENT BY POROSITY
    • TABLE 105 DEMAND FOR UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE CONTAINMENT BY POROSITY TECHNOLOGY (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • NONPOROUS UNDERGROUND CONTAINMENT TECHNOLOGY
    • Leached Salt
    • Other
      • TABLE 106 DEMAND FOR CAVERN STORAGE BY CONTAINMENT TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • RESERVOIR CONTAINMENT TECHNOLOGY BY TYPE OF FLUID DEPLETION
    • Oil Depleted Reservoir Containment Technology
    • Gas Depleted Reservoir Containment Technology
    • Water Depleted Reservoir (Aquifer) Containment Technology
      • TABLE 107 DEMAND FOR WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR FLUID DEPLETED RESERVOIRS CONTAINMENT BY TYPE, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • DEMAND FOR LNG CONTAINMENT TECHNOLOGY
    • MEMBRANE CONTAINMENT TECHNOLOGY
    • MOSS CONTAINMENT TECHNOLOGY
      • TABLE 108 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR MEMBRANE GAS STORAGE TECHNOLOGY BY MATERIAL TYPE, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • DEMAND FOR LNG STORAGE TANK CONTAINMENT TECHNOLOGY
      • Single Containment LNG Storage Tank Technology
      • Double Containment LNG Storage Tank Technology
      • Full Containment LNG Storage Tank Technology
        • TABLE 109 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR LNG TANK STORAGE BY CONTAINMENT TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • DEMAND FOR CNG STORAGE TANK BY CONTAINMENT TECHNOLOGY
      • TABLE 110 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR CNG STORAGE TANK BY CONTAINMENT MATERIALS, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • METALLIC
      • CrMoSteel
      • Modified CrMoSteel
        • TABLE 111 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR CNG STORAGE METALLIC TANKS BY CONTAINMENT TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • METALLIC COMPOSITE
      • Steel and Glass Fiber
      • Steel and Carbon Fiber
      • Aluminum and Carbon Fiber
        • TABLE 112 DEMAND FOR CNG STORAGE METALLIC COMPOSITE TANKS BY CONTAINMENT TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • NONMETALLIC COMPOSITE
      • Polymer and Glass/Carbon Hybrid
      • Polymer and Carbon Fiber
      • Collapsible or Sacrificial Mandrel and Carbon Fiber
      • Collapsible or Sacrificial Mandrel / Glass Fiber
        • TABLE 113 DEMAND FOR CNG STORAGE NONMETALLIC TANKS BY CONTAINMENT TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • CONTAINMENT TECHNOLOGY COMPARISON
    • UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE
      • TABLE 114 TECHNOLOGY COMPARISON OF UGS CONTAINMENT SYSTEMS
    • LNG CARGO CONTAINMENT TECHNOLOGIES
      • TABLE 115 TECHNOLOGY COMPARISON OF LNG CARGO CONTAINMENT SYSTEMS
    • SMALL-SCALE LNG CARGO CONTAINMENT TECHNOLOGIES
      • TABLE 116 TECHNOLOGY COMPARISON OF SMALL-SCALE LNG STORAGE (SSLNGS) TANK CONTAINMENT SYSTEMS
    • COMPRESSED GAS CONTAINMENT TECHNOLOGY
      • TABLE 117 TECHNOLOGY COMPARISON OF UGS CONTAINMENT SYSTEMS
    • DEMAND FOR CONTAINMENT TECHNOLOGY INTENSITY
      • TABLE 118 DEMAND FOR CONTAINMENT TECHNOLOGY INTENSITY, THROUGH 2020 (CUBIC METERS/MILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • DEMAND FOR MERCHANT LNG STORAGE TECHNOLOGY INTENSITY
      • TABLE 119 DEMAND FOR MERCHANT LNG STORAGE TECHNOLOGY INTENSITY, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • DEMAND FOR UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE TECHNOLOGY INTENSITY
      • TABLE 120 DEMAND FOR UGS TECHNOLOGY INTENSITY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS/MILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • DEMAND FOR COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS STORAGE TECHNOLOGY INTENSITY
      • TABLE 121 DEMAND FOR CNG STORAGE TECHNOLOGY INTENSITY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS/MILLIONS/CUBIC METERS PER VEHICLE)
    • DEMAND FOR LNG STORAGE TANK TECHNOLOGY INTENSITY
      • TABLE 122 DEMAND FOR LNG STORAGE TANK TECHNOLOGY INTENSITY, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • DEMAND FOR LNG STORAGE CARRIER TECHNOLOGY INTENSITY
      • TABLE 123 DEMAND FOR LNG STORAGE CARRIER TECHNOLOGY INTENSITY, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • NATURAL GAS STORAGE INFRASTRUCTURE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT
      • TABLE 124 NATURAL GAS STORAGE INFRASTRUCTURE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT
    • NATURAL GAS STORAGE INFRASTRUCTURE PRODUCT DEVELOPMENTS
      • TABLE 125 NATURAL GAS STORAGE INFRASTRUCTURE PRODUCT DEVELOPMENTS/IMPORTANT APPROACHES
    • NATURAL GAS STORAGE INFRASTRUCTURE PROCESS APPLICATION
      • TABLE 126 NATURAL GAS STORAGE INFRASTRUCTURE PROCESS/APPLICATION
  • COMPANY MARKET SHARES
    • UGS OPERATING COMPANIES
      • Gazprom
      • Storengy
      • Ukrtransgaz SC
      • STOGIT
        • TABLE 127 COMPANY SHARES FOR UGS OPERATING COMPANIES (WORKING GAS CAPACITY)
    • COMPANY SHARES FOR LNG TANKER CAPACITY
      • Hyundai
      • Samsung
      • Daewoo
        • TABLE 128 LNG TANKERS UNDER CONSTRUCTION BY PROJECTED DELIVERY AND CAPACITY, 2015-2020 (CUBIC METERS)
    • COMPANY SHARES FOR CNG PRESSURE VESSEL MANUFACTURERS
      • Faber Industrie
      • Luxfer
      • Inflex Argentoil S.A.
      • Hexagon Lincoln
        • TABLE 129 COMPANY SHARES FOR PRESSURE VESSEL MANUFACTURERS

CHAPTER 8 - INTERNATIONAL OVERVIEW

  • POPULATION
    • TABLE 130 GLOBAL POPULATION GROWTH, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION)
  • UNITED STATES AND CANADA
  • ASIA-PACIFIC
  • SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
  • OTHERS
    • TABLE 131 GLOBAL POPULATION GROWTH BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLIONS)
  • GLOBAL GDP AND GDP PER CAPITA
    • GLOBAL GDP
      • TABLE 132 GLOBAL GDP AND GDP PER CAPITA, THROUGH 2020 (2005 $ BILLIONS)
  • GLOBAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY FEEDSTOCK
    • PETROLEUM
    • NATURAL GAS
    • COAL
    • NUCLEAR
    • HYDROELECTRIC
    • RENEWABLES
      • TABLE 133 GLOBAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY FEEDSTOCK, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION TONS OF OIL EQUIVALENT)
  • GLOBAL NATURAL GAS PROVEN RESERVES BY REGION
    • TABLE 134 GLOBAL NATURAL GAS RESERVES, THROUGH 2020 (TRILLION CUBIC FEET)
    • NORTH AMERICA
    • EUROPE
    • ASIA-PACIFIC
    • ROW
      • TABLE 135 GLOBAL NATURAL GAS RESERVES BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (TRILLION CUBIC FEET)
      • South America
      • Africa
      • Middle East
        • TABLE 136 ROW'S NATURAL GAS RESERVES BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (TRILLION CUBIC FEET)
  • GLOBAL OIL AND GAS EXPLORATION AND PRODUCTION INVESTMENTS
    • TABLE 137 GLOBAL OIL AND GAS EXPLORATION & PRODUCTION INVESTMENTS, THROUGH 2020 ($ BILLIONS)
  • NORTH AMERICA
  • EUROPE
  • ASIA-PACIFIC
  • ROW
    • TABLE 138 GLOBAL OIL AND GAS EXPLORATION AND PRODUCTION INVESTMENTS BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ BILLIONS)
    • Central and South America
    • Africa
    • Middle East
      • TABLE 139 ROW'S OIL AND GAS EXPLORATION AND PRODUCTION INVESTMENTS BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ BILLIONS)
  • GLOBAL NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION BY REGION
    • TABLE 140 GLOBAL NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION,THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • NORTH AMERICA
  • EUROPE
  • ASIA-PACIFIC
  • ROW
    • TABLE 141 GLOBAL NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION BY REGION,THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • South America
    • Middle East
    • Africa
      • TABLE 142 ROW NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • GLOBAL NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION BY TYPE
    • CONVENTIONAL NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION
      • TABLE 143 GLOBAL NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION BY TYPE,THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • UNCONVENTIONAL NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION
      • TABLE 144 GLOBAL UNCONVENTIONAL NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
      • North America
        • United States
        • Canada
        • Mexico
      • Europe
      • Asia-Pacific
        • Australia
        • China
        • Middle East, Latin America and Africa
          • TABLE 145 GLOBAL UNCONVENTIONAL NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION BY COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • GLOBAL NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION BY REGION
    • TABLE 146 GLOBAL NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 147 GLOBAL NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • NORTH AMERICA
  • EUROPE
  • ASIA-PACIFIC
  • ROW
  • INTERNATIONAL CURRENCY EXCHANGE RATES
    • EURO/DOLLAR
    • YEN/DOLLAR
    • RMB/DOLLAR
      • TABLE 148 YEARLY AVERAGE EXCHANGE RATES FOR CONVERTING FOREIGN CURRENCIES INTO U.S. DOLLARS* (2012-2020)
  • NATURAL GAS AND OIL PRICES
    • CRUDE OIL
    • NATURAL GAS
      • TABLE 149 NATURAL GAS PRICES, THROUGH 2020 (U.S. $ PER MILLION BTU)
  • THE METAL MARKET
    • STEEL
    • IRON ORE
    • NICKEL
    • ALUMINUM
    • COPPER
    • COBALT
    • ZINC
    • TIN
    • CHROMIUM
    • MOLYBDENUM
    • LEAD
    • SILVER
      • TABLE 150 GLOBAL MARKET FOR METALS USED FOR NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY TYPE,THROUGH 2020 ($/TONNE)

CHAPTER 9 - INDUSTRY STRUCTURE

  • TABLE 151 STORAGE ALONG THE NATURAL GAS CHAIN
  • BARRIERS TO FURTHER DEVELOPMENT AND DEPLOYMENT
    • TABLE 152 CHALLENGES FOR STORAGE
  • CONCENTRATION OF UNDERGROUND STORAGE BY GEOGRAPHY AND TYPE
    • TABLE 153 WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR UNDERGROUND NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY REGION AND STORAGE TYPE, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • CONCENTRATION OF ABOVE GROUND STORAGE BY REGION AND TYPE
    • TABLE 154 WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR ABOVE GROUND NATURAL GAS STORAGE CONTAINMENT BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • CONCENTRATION BY GEOLOGY
    • TABLE 155 GLOBAL NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY GEOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • NONGEOLOGIC STORAGE
    • TABLE 156 CONCENTRATION OF GLOBAL NONGEOLOGIC NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY SECTOR, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • Other Nongeologic Natural Gas Storage
      • TABLE 157 DEMAND FOR NONGEOLOGIC GLOBAL NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY OTHER SECTORS, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • GEOLOGIC
    • Porous Reservoirs
    • Cavern
      • TABLE 158 DEMAND FOR GEOLOGICAL GLOBAL NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY TYPE, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS
  • CONCENTRATION IN INTERCONTINENTAL LNG STORAGE TANKER TRADE
    • TABLE 159 CONCENTRATED GLOBAL LNG TRADE BY TYPE OF EXPORTING COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS/%)
  • RECEIVING/REGASIFICATION TERMINAL LNG STORAGE
    • TABLE 160 CONCENTRATED GLOBAL LNG TRADE BY TYPE OF IMPORTING COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (%/BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • UNDERGROUND STORAGE
    • TABLE 161 WORKING GAS CAPACITY OF UNDERGROUND NATURAL GAS STORAGE, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS STORAGE
    • TABLE 162 CONCENTRATION OF NATURAL GAS VEHICLE, STORAGE TANK TECHNOLOGIES AND REFUELING STATIONS
  • REVENUE STREAMS
    • COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS MARKET VALUE
    • LNG TANKER TRADE VALUE
    • UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE MARKET VALUE
    • RECEIVING/LIQUEFACTION TERMINAL STORAGE MARKET VALUE
    • MERCHANT LNG MARKET VALUE
      • TABLE 163 VALUE OF NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY SEGMENT/SECTOR, THROUGH 2020 ($ BILLIONS)
  • MARKET CONCENTRATION BY REGION
    • NORTH AMERICA
    • EUROPE AND CIS
    • ASIA-PACIFIC
    • ROW
      • TABLE 164 CONCENTRATION OF NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ BILLIONS)
  • NATURAL GAS STORAGE TRENDS
    • TABLE 165 TREND IN NATURAL GAS STORAGE SITES BY NUMBERS, THROUGH 2020
  • NUMBER OF LNG IMPORTING AND EXPORTING COUNTRIES
    • LNG Exporting Countries
    • LNG Importing Countries
      • TABLE 166 NUMBER OF LNG IMPORTING AND EXPORTING COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020
  • NUMBER OF UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE SITES
    • North America
    • Europe
    • Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
    • Asia-Pacific
    • Rest of the World (ROW)
      • TABLE 167 NUMBER OF UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE SITES BY REGION, THROUGH 2020
    • Depleted Oil and Gas Reservoirs
    • Salt Caverns
    • Aquifers
    • Other
      • TABLE 168 NUMBER OF UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE SITES BY STORAGE TYPES, THROUGH 2020
  • NUMBER OF COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS VEHICLES
    • Passenger Cars and Light-Duty Vehicles
    • Medium-Duty Vehicles/Heavy-Duty Vehicles
    • Other
      • TABLE 169 TRENDS IN THE NUMBER OF COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS VEHICLES, THROUGH 2020 (MILLIONS)

CHAPTER 10 - GOVERNMENT REGULATIONS AND LEGISLATION

  • ACTIVITIES OF U.S. LNG REGULATORY AGENCIES
    • TABLE 170 ACTIVITIES OF US LNG REGULATORY AGENCIES
  • INTERNATIONAL REGULATORY ASPECTS ON UNDERGROUND NATURAL GAS STORAGE
    • UNITED STATES
      • TABLE 171 KEY REGULATIONS AFFECTING NATURAL GAS STORAGE INFRASTRUCTURE
  • ACTIVITIES OF REGULATORY AGENCIES OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES
    • TABLE 172 KEY REGULATIONS AFFECTING NATURAL GAS STORAGE INFRASTRUCTURE OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES

CHAPTER 11 - COMPANY PROFILES

  • NATURAL GAS STORAGE INFRASTRUCTURE REGULATORY AGENCIES
    • THE UNITED STATES COAST GUARD
    • THE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
    • THE UNITED STATES FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION
    • THE UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
    • THE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY
  • LNG RECEIVING TERMINAL OPERATORS
    • AES CORP.
    • AMERICAN ELECTRIC POWER CO.
    • DOMINION TRANSMISSION INC.
    • ELECTRABEL
    • ENEL SPA
    • FPL GROUP
    • IBERDROLA SA
    • KANSAI ELECTRIC POWER CO. INC.
    • KOREA ELECTRIC POWER CORP.
    • TOKYO ELECTRIC POWER CO. INC.
    • TOKYO GAS
  • UNDERGROUND NATURAL GAS STORAGE COMPANIES
    • ABS
    • ATMOS ENERGY CORP.
    • CONSTELLATION ENERGY GROUP INC.
    • ENCANA CORP.
    • ENCANA GAS STORAGE INC.
    • ENERGEN CORP.
    • EXELON CORP.
    • GAZPROM
    • NATIONAL FUEL GAS CO.
    • NISOURCE INC.
    • NORTHEAST UTILITIES
    • PUGET ENERGY INC.
    • SCANA CORP.
    • STORENGY
    • TECO ENERGY INC.
    • TRANSCANADA CORP.
    • UGI CORP.
    • UKRTRANSGAZ
    • WGL HOLDINGS, INC.
    • WILLIAMS COMPANIES INC.
    • WISCONSIN ENERGY CORP.
  • LNG STORAGE TANKS AND LNG CONTAINMENT SYSTEMS
    • BRAEMAR LNG BV,
    • CHICAGO BRIDGE & IRON CO. (CB&I)
    • ISHIKAWAJIMA-HARIMA HEAVY INDUSTRIES CO. LTD.
    • KAWASAKI KISEN KAISHA LTD.
    • KOGAS GAS TECHNOLOGY CORP.
    • MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES LTD.
    • OSAKA GAS CO. LTD.
  • OFFSHORE LNG TERMINALS
    • BLUEWATER OFFSHORE PRODUCTION SYSTEMS USA INC.
    • EL PASO GLOBAL LNG
    • EXCELERATE ENERGY
    • HEXAGON LINCOLN INC.
    • MARINTEK (USA) INC.
  • COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS CYLINDER STORAGE
    • 3B
    • CENERGY SOLUTIONS
    • FABER INDUCTRIE SPA
    • INFLEX ARGENTOIL S.A.
    • LUXFER GAS CYLINDERS
    • MITSUBISHI RAYON FIBER AND COMPOSITES INC.
    • NAT G CNG
    • PSI TECHNOLOGIES
    • QUANTUM FUEL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGIES WORLDWIDE INC.
    • TORAY INDUSTRIES
  • COMPRESSION MACHINERY
    • GE POWER SYSTEMS
    • SIEMENS AG
  • ADHESIVES
    • HUNTSMAN ADVANCED MATERIALS AMERICAS INC.
    • AIR SEPARATION UNITS
    • CRYOSTAR USA EAST
  • ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLES TECHNOLOGIES
    • NEXTGEN FUELING
  • BOIL-OFF GAS HANDLING TECHNOLOGIES
    • HAMWORTHY PLC
    • HYUNDAI HEAVY INDUSTRIES CO. LTD.
  • COLD BOXES
    • AIR PRODUCTS AND CHEMICALS INC.
  • COMBUSTION SYSTEMS
    • T-THERMAL COMPANY
  • COUPLING SYSTEMS
    • PARKER HANNIFIN
  • CRYOGENIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS
    • CHART INDUSTRIES
  • ELECTRONIC CONTROL UNITS
    • ENERGY CONVERSIONS INC.
  • EXPANDERS
    • EBARA INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION
  • FLANGES AND PIPING
    • INTERNATIONAL STEEL SUPPLIES INC.
  • FLEXIBLE HOSES/HOSES
    • MARINTEK
  • FSO/FPSO UNITS
    • BLUEWATER ENERGY SERVICES B.V.
  • GAS/OIL/WATER SEPARATION UNITS
    • ACS INDUSTRIES INC.
  • GAS PROCESSING SYSTEMS AND COMPONENTS
    • MARLBORO ENTERPRISES INC.
  • HEAT EXCHANGERS/HEAT TRANSFER TECHNOLOGY
    • ALFA LAVAL INC.
  • INSULATION (CRYOGENIC) SYSTEMS
    • INSULATIONS INC.
  • LNG TANKER BERTH AND LNG LOADING ARMS
    • ADVANCED PRODUCTION AND LOADING AS
    • FMC CORPORATION
    • FMC TECHNOLOGIES
  • LNG PEAK-SHAVING AND SATELLITE SYSTEMS
    • CH IV CRYOGENICS CORPORATION
    • CLEAN ENERGY FUELS CORP.
    • CROYOGENIC INDUSTRIES
    • GAS TECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE (GTI)
    • MARLIN GAS TRANSPORT INC.
    • UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (U.S. DOE)
    • PIPE SECTIONS
    • CHIYODA CORPORATION
  • PIPE SUPPORTS
    • NAVARRO CHEMICALS PTY. LTD.
  • PRESSURE VESSELS (CRYOGENIC)
    • CROMPTON TECHNOLOGY GROUP LTD.
  • CRYOGENIC PUMPS
    • CRYOSTAR SAS
  • TURBINES
    • SIEMENS CORPORATION
  • FLOW METERS, FLOW COMPUTERS & FLOW INDICATORS
    • ALICAT SCIENTIFIC
    • EMERSON PROCESS MANAGEMENT
    • IMPCO TECHNOLOGIES INC.
    • INVENSYS
    • SAGE METERING INC.
    • SIEMENS ENERGY & AUTOMATION INC.
    • YOKOGAWA CORPORATION OF AMERICA
  • ANALYZERS, DETECTORS, SENSORS, CONTROLS & INSTRUMENTATION
    • DAVIDSON INSTRUMENTS
    • EXTECH INSTRUMENTS, INC.
    • OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH DYNAMICS
    • PARKER INSTRUMENTATION
  • LNG VALUE CHAIN COMPANIES
    • BG GROUP PLC
    • BP PLC
    • CHEVRONTEXACO CORP.
    • CONOCOPHILLIPS
    • ENI SPA
    • EXXONMOBIL CORP.
    • REPSOL-YPF SA
    • ROYAL DUTCH/SHELL PETROLEUM COMPANY
    • SEMPRA ENERGY LNG CORP
    • TOTALFINAELF SA
  • NATURAL GAS EXPLORATION AND PRODUCTION COMPANIES
    • E.ON AG
    • MARATHON OIL COMPANY
  • SERVICE SUPPLY COMPANIES
    • AMEC PROCESS AND ENERGY LTD.
    • DEN NORSKE STATS OLJESELSKAP AS (STATOIL)
    • HALLIBURTON CO.
    • SCHLUMBERGER LTD
  • ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION COMPANIES
    • ABB LUMMUS GLOBAL GMBH
    • ABS
    • BAKER HUGHES INC.
    • BLACK AND VEATCH PRITCHARD INC.
    • CHICAGO BRIDGE & IRON COMPANY
    • FLUOR DANIEL
    • PITT-DES MOINES INC.
  • INVESTMENT ADVISORY COMPANY
    • THE MITCHELL GROUP INC.
  • LNG SHIP CONSTRUCTION AND PROPULSION SYSTEMS
    • CHANTIERS DE L'ATLANTIQUE
    • DAEWOO SHIPBUILDING & MARINE ENGINEERING CO.
    • HYUNDAI HEAVY INDUSTRIES
    • ISHIKAWAJIMA-HARIMA HEAVY INDUSTRIES
    • IZAR CONSTRUCCIONES NAVALES S.A.
    • MCDERMOTT INTERNATIONAL INC.
    • MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES (MHI)
    • MITSUI ENGINEERING AND SHIPBUILDING CO.
  • LNG TANKER OPERATORS
    • MITSUI OSK LINES
  • LNG PROCESS TECHNOLOGY LICENSORS
    • AIR PRODUCTS AND CHEMICALS INC.
    • LINDE
    • TECHNIP
  • LEGAL ADVISORY SERVICE
    • WHITE & CASE LLP
  • FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS AND MATERIALS
    • MARIOFF CORPORATION OY
    • PPG INDUSTRIES, INC.
  • FLARE SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT
    • ABB GAS TECHNOLOGY AS
    • ALMAC GROUP
  • HYDRAULICS AND ELECTROCHEMICAL EQUIPMENT
    • BHP PETROLEUM (BHPP) PTY LTD
  • HYDROGRAPHIC AND METEOROLOGY
    • ASAMS LTD.
    • PIC ENERGY GROUP
  • LIFTING EQUIPMENT, CRANES AND WINCHES
    • HYDRALIFT ASA
    • INGERSOLL-RAND
    • MOLDECRANE
  • LIGHTING
    • CHINA LIGHT & POWER HOLDINGS
  • LININGS, SEALS, AND GASKETS
    • BAL SEAL ENGINEERING COMPANY INC.
  • PIPELINES AND PIPING COMPONENTS
    • 3M
    • CECO PIPELINE SERVICES CO. INC.
    • NKT FLEXIBLES
    • TIMET (TITANIUM METALS CORP.
    • WELD-TECH MANUFACTURING LTD.
  • POWER GENERATION AND PROPULSION MACHINERY
    • ORMAT
  • PROCESSING AND SEPARATION SYSTEMS
    • CHICAGO BRIDGE & IRON COMPANY
    • FOSTER WHEELER CORP.
    • KVAERNER ASA
    • MINOX TECHNOLOGY AS
    • PETRECO INTERNATIONAL
  • PROJECT MANAGEMENT, CONSULTANCY AND CERTIFICATION
    • ABS MARINE SERVICES
    • MULTIPHASE SOLUTIONS INC.
    • SCHLUMBERGER OILFIELD SERVICES
    • VIKING ENERGY ROYALTY TRUST
  • PUMPS (NON-CRYOGENIC)
    • CAT PUMPS
  • RECRUITMENT AND PERSONNEL
    • OMEGA SELECTION SERVICES LTD
  • ROCK DUMPING
    • VAN OORD ACZ BV
  • SEISMIC MONITORING
    • OMNI ENERGY SERVICES
    • PETROPHYSICS INC.
    • TIDELANDS GEOPHYSICAL CO.
  • STEEL, SPECIAL METALS AND WELDING
    • KRUPP THYSSEN NIROSTA (KTN)
    • WEIR MATERIALS & FOUNDRIES
  • SUPPORT VESSELS, SUPPLY AND CONTAINERS
    • SETEC CONTRACTING AS
  • SURPLUS AND USED EQUIPMENT
    • ACM ENGINEERING LTD.
    • ZEUS SALES & SERVICES LTD
  • SURVIVAL, SAFETY AND PROTECTION
    • BRADY CORPORATION
    • GEXCON
    • SANDIA NATIONAL LABORATORIES
  • WELL EQUIPMENT
    • WELLTEC

CHAPTER 12 - APPENDIX CONVERSIONTABLES

  • TABLE A FREQUENTLY USED CONVERSIONS
  • TABLE B TYPICAL VAPOR-LIQUID CONVERSIONS*
  • TABLE C CONVERSION FACTORS

LIST OF TABLES

  • SUMMARY TABLE: VALORIZATION OF GAS STORAGE BY SECTOR, THROUGH 2020 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 1: THE REASONS AND NEED FOR NATURAL GAS STORAGE
    • TABLE 2: THE USE OF STORAGE FOR SECURITY OF SUPPLY: RISKS COVERED DEPENDING ON CONTROL OF STORAGE CAPACITY
    • TABLE 3: THE "VALUE" OF STORAGE IN THE NATURAL GAS VALUE CHAIN
    • TABLE 4: THE IMPORTANCE OF STORAGE IN THE NATURAL GAS VALUE CHAIN
    • TABLE 5: WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY LOCATION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 6: ABOVE GROUND VERSUS UNDERGROUND NATURAL GAS STORAGE
    • TABLE 7: GLOBAL SHARE OF NATURAL GAS STORAGE FACILITIES BY TYPE, 2015 (%)
    • TABLE 8: CHARACTERISTICS OF UGS CONTAINMENT SYSTEMS, 2013
    • TABLE 9: WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR UNDERGROUND NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY TYPE OF TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 (%)*
    • TABLE 10: DEMAND FOR COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY TYPE OF TANK TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 (%)*
    • TABLE 11: DEMAND FOR LNG TANKER, RECEIVING AND LIQUEFACTION TERMINAL STORAGE BY CAPACITY RANGE, THROUGH 2020 (%)
    • TABLE 12: THE DELIVERABILITY OF DIFFERENT NATURAL GAS STORAGES
    • TABLE 13: GLOBAL NATURAL GAS STORAGE AS A PERCENTAGE OF GLOBAL PRODUCTION, THROUGH 2020 (%/BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 14: EVOLUTION OF NATURAL GAS STORAGE INFRASTRUCTURE IN NUMBERS, 1900-2010
    • TABLE 15: COST BREAKDOWN OF A MODERN LNG VESSEL (%)
    • TABLE 16: COST BREAKDOWN OF A MODERN BASE-LOAD LNG REGASIFICATION PLANT (%)
    • TABLE 17: COST COMPONENTS OF UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE (%)
    • TABLE 18: COST BREAKDOWN OF A MODERN PEAK-SHAVING AND SATELLITE LNG PLANT (%)
    • TABLE 19: COST BREAKDOWN OF COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS PROJECT (%)
    • TABLE 20: COST BREAKDOWN OF COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS STORAGE TANKS (%)
    • TABLE 21: NATURAL GAS SUBSTITUTION IN GLOBAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION
    • TABLE 22: GLOBAL DEMAND FOR NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY SEGMENT/SECTOR, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 23: DEMAND FOR GLOBAL UNDERGROUND NATURAL GAS STORAGE AS A PERCENTAGE OF GLOBAL NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION, THROUGH 2020 (%/BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 24: DEMAND FOR GLOBAL DEPLETED OIL & GAS FIELD STORAGE AS A PERCENTAGE OF GLOBAL NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION, THROUGH 2020 (%/BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 25: GLOBAL WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR DEPLETED OIL/GAS FIELD NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 26: NORTH AMERICA DEMAND FOR DEPLETED OIL/GAS FIELD NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY TYPE, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 27: UNITED STATES WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR OIL/GAS DEPLETED FIELD NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY TYPE, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 28: CANADA WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR DEPLETED OIL/GAS FIELD NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY TYPE, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 29: EUROPE WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR DEPLETED OIL/GAS FIELD NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY TYPE, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 30: EUROPE WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR DEPLETED OIL/GAS FIELD NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 31: CIS WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR DEPLETED OIL/GAS FIELD NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 32: ASIA-PACIFIC WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR DEPLETED OIL/GAS FIELD NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 33: ROW WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR DEPLETED OIL/GAS FIELD NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 34: GLOBAL WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR DEPLETED AQUIFER FIELD NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 35: NORTH AMERICA DEMAND FOR DEPLETED AQUIFER FIELD NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 36: UNITED STATES WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR DEPLETED AQUIFER FIELD STORAGE BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 37: EUROPE AND CIS WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR DEPLETED AQUIFER FIELD STORAGE BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 38: EUROPE WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR DEPLETED AQUIFER FIELD STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 39: CIS WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR DEPLETED AQUIFER FIELD STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 40: WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR GLOBAL CAVERN NATURAL GAS STORAGE AS A PERCENTAGE OF GLOBAL NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION, THROUGH 2020 (%/BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 41: WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR CAVERN NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 42: DEMAND FOR NORTH AMERICA NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY TYPE OF CAVERN, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 43: DEMAND FOR UNITED STATES SALT CAVERN NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY U.S. REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 44: DEMAND FOR CANADA CAVERN NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY TYPE, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 45: DEMAND FOR EUROPE CAVERN NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY TYPE, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 46: EUROPE'S DEMAND FOR CAVERN NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 47: EUROPE'S DEMAND FOR ROCK CAVERN STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 48: DEMAND BY CIS FOR SALT CAVERN NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 49: DEMAND FOR GLOBAL ABOVE GROUND NATURAL GAS STORAGE AS A PERCENTAGE OF GLOBAL NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION, THROUGH 2020 (%/BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 50: GLOBAL DEMAND FOR LNG STORAGE AS A PERCENTAGE OF GLOBAL NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION, THROUGH 2020 (%/BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 51: GLOBAL WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR LNG TANKER TRADE STORAGE BY EXPORTING REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 52: WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR NORTH AMERICA LNG TANKER STORAGE BY EXPORTING COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 53: MAJOR LIQUEFACTION PROJECTS IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, THROUGH 2020 *(BILLION CUBIC METERS PER YEAR/%)
    • TABLE 54: WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR EUROPE LNG TANKER STORAGE CAPACITY BY EXPORTING COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 55: WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR CIS LNG TANKER STORAGE BY EXPORTING COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 56: WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR ASIA-PACIFIC LNG TANKER STORAGE BY EXPORTING COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 57: WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR ROW LNG TANKER STORAGE BY TYPE OF EXPORTING REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 58: WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICA LNG TANKER STORAGE BY EXPORTING COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 59: WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR AFRICA LNG TANKER STORAGE BY EXPORTING COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 60: WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR MIDDLE EAST TANKER STORAGE BY EXPORTING COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 61: GLOBAL WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR LIQUEFACTION PLANT LNG STORAGE BY COUNTRY. 2015
    • TABLE 62: GLOBAL WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR LIQUEFACTION PLANT STORAGE CAPACITY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 63: NORTH AMERICA WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR LIQUEFACTION PLANT STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 64: EUROPE AND CIS WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR LIQUEFACTION PLANT STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 65: ASIA-PACIFIC WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR LIQUEFACTION PLANT STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 66: ROW WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR LIQUEFACTION PLANT STORAGE CAPACITY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 67: LATIN AMERICA'S WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR LIQUEFACTION PLANT STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 68: MIDDLE EAST'S WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR LIQUEFACTION PLANT STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 69: AFRICA WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR LIQUEFACTION PLANT STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 70: GLOBAL WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR RECEIVING TERMINAL LNG STORAGE BY REGION THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 71: NORTH AMERICA'S WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR RECEIVING TERMINAL LNG STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 72: WORKING GAS CAPACITY OF U.S. FOR REGASIFICATION AND STORAGE, 2015 (MILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 73: CANADA'S WORKING GAS CAPACITY REGASIFICATION AND STORAGE, 2015
    • TABLE 74: MEXICO'S WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR REGASIFICATION AND STORAGE, 2015
    • TABLE 75: EUROPE WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR RECEIVING TERMINAL LNG STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 76: EUROPE WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR REGASIFICATION AND STORAGE BY COUNTRY, 2015
    • TABLE 77: ASIA-PACIFIC WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR RECEIVING TERMINAL LNG STORAGE CAPACITY BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 78: ASIA-PACIFIC WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR REGASIFICATION AND STORAGE BY COUNTRY, 2015
    • TABLE 79: ROW'S WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR RECEIVING TERMINAL LNG STORAGE CAPACITY BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 80: ROW WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR REGASIFICATION AND STORAGE BY COUNTRY, 2015
    • TABLE 81: GLOBAL WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR MERCHANT AND SMALL-SCALE LNG STORAGE BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 82: NORTH AMERICA'S WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR MERCHANT OR SMALL-SCALE LNG STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 83: EUROPE WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR MERCHANT OR SMALL-SCALE LNG STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 84: ASIA-PACIFIC WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR MERCHANT OR SMALL-SCALE LNG STORAGE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 85: ROW WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR MERCHANT OR SMALL-SCALE LNG STORAGE BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 86: GLOBAL WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR CNG STORAGE AS A PERCENTAGE OF GLOBAL NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION, THROUGH 2020 (%/BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 87: GLOBAL WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR CNG STORAGE TANK BY TYPE, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 88: GLOBAL WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR CNG TYPE I STORAGE TANKS BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 89: GLOBAL WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR CNG TYPE II STORAGE TANKS BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 90: GLOBAL WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR CNG TYPE III/IV STORAGE TANKS BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 91: GLOBAL WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR TYPE V CNG STORAGE TANKS BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 92: GLOBAL DEMAND FOR NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 93: GLOBAL DEMAND FOR UNDERGROUND NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 94: GLOBAL DEMAND FOR NATURAL GAS STORAGE FOR SEASONAL BALANCING BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 95: GLOBAL DEMAND FOR NATURAL GAS STORAGE FOR SYSTEM OPTIMIZATION AND SECURITY OF SUPPLY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 96: GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ARBITRAGE, TRANSIT BACK-UP AND DIRECT END-USE BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 97: DEMAND FOR LNG STORAGE IN INTERNATIONAL AND MERCHANT TRADE, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 98: DEMAND FOR LNG STORAGE IN INTERNATIONAL TRADE BY EXPORTING COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 99: DEMAND FOR LNG STORAGE IN LIQUEFACTION AND RECEIVING TERMINALS, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 100: DEMAND FOR LNG STORAGE IN MERCHANT AND SMALL-SCALE TRADE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 101: GLOBAL WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR MERCHANT AND SMALL-SCALE LNG STORAGE BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 102: DEMAND FOR CNG TANK STORAGE IN TRANSPORT BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 103: ROW DEMAND FOR GAS STORAGE IN TRANSPORT BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 104: GLOBAL DEMAND FOR NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY CONTAINMENT TECHNOLOGY TYPE, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 105: DEMAND FOR UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE CONTAINMENT BY POROSITY TECHNOLOGY (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 106: DEMAND FOR CAVERN STORAGE BY CONTAINMENT TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 107: DEMAND FOR WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR FLUID DEPLETED RESERVOIRS CONTAINMENT BY TYPE, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 108: GLOBAL DEMAND FOR MEMBRANE GAS STORAGE TECHNOLOGY BY MATERIAL TYPE, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 109: GLOBAL DEMAND FOR LNG TANK STORAGE BY CONTAINMENT TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 110: GLOBAL DEMAND FOR CNG STORAGE TANK BY CONTAINMENT MATERIALS, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 111: GLOBAL DEMAND FOR CNG STORAGE METALLIC TANKS BY CONTAINMENT TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 112: DEMAND FOR CNG STORAGE METALLIC COMPOSITE TANKS BY CONTAINMENT TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 113: DEMAND FOR CNG STORAGE NONMETALLIC TANKS BY CONTAINMENT TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 114: TECHNOLOGY COMPARISON OF UGS CONTAINMENT SYSTEMS
    • TABLE 115: TECHNOLOGY COMPARISON OF LNG CARGO CONTAINMENT SYSTEMS
    • TABLE 116: TECHNOLOGY COMPARISON OF SMALL-SCALE LNG STORAGE (SSLNGS) TANK CONTAINMENT SYSTEMS
    • TABLE 117: TECHNOLOGY COMPARISON OF UGS CONTAINMENT SYSTEMS
    • TABLE 118: DEMAND FOR CONTAINMENT TECHNOLOGY INTENSITY, THROUGH 2020 (CUBIC METERS/MILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 119: DEMAND FOR MERCHANT LNG STORAGE TECHNOLOGY INTENSITY, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 120: DEMAND FOR UGS TECHNOLOGY INTENSITY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS/MILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 121: DEMAND FOR CNG STORAGE TECHNOLOGY INTENSITY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS/MILLIONS/CUBIC METERS PER VEHICLE)
    • TABLE 122: DEMAND FOR LNG STORAGE TANK TECHNOLOGY INTENSITY, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 123: DEMAND FOR LNG STORAGE CARRIER TECHNOLOGY INTENSITY, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 124: NATURAL GAS STORAGE INFRASTRUCTURE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT
    • TABLE 125: NATURAL GAS STORAGE INFRASTRUCTURE PRODUCT DEVELOPMENTS/IMPORTANT APPROACHES
    • TABLE 126: NATURAL GAS STORAGE INFRASTRUCTURE PROCESS/APPLICATION
    • TABLE 127: COMPANY SHARES FOR UGS OPERATING COMPANIES (WORKING GAS CAPACITY)
    • TABLE 128: LNG TANKERS UNDER CONSTRUCTION BY PROJECTED DELIVERY AND CAPACITY, 2015-2020 (CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 129: COMPANY SHARES FOR PRESSURE VESSEL MANUFACTURERS
    • TABLE 130: GLOBAL POPULATION GROWTH, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION)
    • TABLE 131: GLOBAL POPULATION GROWTH BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 132: GLOBAL GDP AND GDP PER CAPITA, THROUGH 2020 (2005 $ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 133: GLOBAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY FEEDSTOCK, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION TONS OF OIL EQUIVALENT)
    • TABLE 134: GLOBAL NATURAL GAS RESERVES, THROUGH 2020 (TRILLION CUBIC FEET)
    • TABLE 135: GLOBAL NATURAL GAS RESERVES BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (TRILLION CUBIC FEET)
    • TABLE 136: ROW'S NATURAL GAS RESERVES BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (TRILLION CUBIC FEET)
    • TABLE 137: GLOBAL OIL AND GAS EXPLORATION & PRODUCTION INVESTMENTS, THROUGH 2020 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 138: GLOBAL OIL AND GAS EXPLORATION AND PRODUCTION INVESTMENTS BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 139: ROW'S OIL AND GAS EXPLORATION AND PRODUCTION INVESTMENTS BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 140: GLOBAL NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION,THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 141: GLOBAL NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION BY REGION,THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 142: ROW NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 143: GLOBAL NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION BY TYPE,THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 144: GLOBAL UNCONVENTIONAL NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 145: GLOBAL UNCONVENTIONAL NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION BY COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 146: GLOBAL NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 147: GLOBAL NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 148: YEARLY AVERAGE EXCHANGE RATES FOR CONVERTING FOREIGN CURRENCIES INTO U.S. DOLLARS* (2012-2020)
    • TABLE 149: NATURAL GAS PRICES, THROUGH 2020 (U.S. $ PER MILLION BTU)
    • TABLE 150: GLOBAL MARKET FOR METALS USED FOR NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY TYPE,THROUGH 2020 ($/TONNE)
    • TABLE 151: STORAGE ALONG THE NATURAL GAS CHAIN
    • TABLE 152: CHALLENGES FOR STORAGE
    • TABLE 153: WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR UNDERGROUND NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY REGION AND STORAGE TYPE, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 154: WORKING GAS CAPACITY FOR ABOVE GROUND NATURAL GAS STORAGE CONTAINMENT BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 155: GLOBAL NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY GEOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 156: CONCENTRATION OF GLOBAL NONGEOLOGIC NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY SECTOR, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 157: DEMAND FOR NONGEOLOGIC GLOBAL NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY OTHER SECTORS, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 158: DEMAND FOR GEOLOGICAL GLOBAL NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY TYPE, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS
    • TABLE 159: CONCENTRATED GLOBAL LNG TRADE BY TYPE OF EXPORTING COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS/%)
    • TABLE 160: CONCENTRATED GLOBAL LNG TRADE BY TYPE OF IMPORTING COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (%/BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 161: WORKING GAS CAPACITY OF UNDERGROUND NATURAL GAS STORAGE, THROUGH 2020 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
    • TABLE 162: CONCENTRATION OF NATURAL GAS VEHICLE, STORAGE TANK TECHNOLOGIES AND REFUELING STATIONS
    • TABLE 163: VALUE OF NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY SEGMENT/SECTOR, THROUGH 2020 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 164: CONCENTRATION OF NATURAL GAS STORAGE BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 165: TREND IN NATURAL GAS STORAGE SITES BY NUMBERS, THROUGH 2020
    • TABLE 166: NUMBER OF LNG IMPORTING AND EXPORTING COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2020
    • TABLE 167: NUMBER OF UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE SITES BY REGION, THROUGH 2020
    • TABLE 168: NUMBER OF UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE SITES BY STORAGE TYPES, THROUGH 2020
    • TABLE 169: TRENDS IN THE NUMBER OF COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS VEHICLES, THROUGH 2020 (MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 170: ACTIVITIES OF US LNG REGULATORY AGENCIES
    • TABLE 171: KEY REGULATIONS AFFECTING NATURAL GAS STORAGE INFRASTRUCTURE
    • TABLE 172: KEY REGULATIONS AFFECTING NATURAL GAS STORAGE INFRASTRUCTURE OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES
    • TABLE A: FREQUENTLY USED CONVERSIONS
    • TABLE B: TYPICAL VAPOR-LIQUID CONVERSIONS*
    • TABLE C: CONVERSION FACTORS

LIST OF FIGURES

  • SUMMARY FIGURE: VALORIZATION OF GAS STORAGE BY SECTOR, 2012-2020 ($ BILLIONS) 12
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