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北米以外の地域の油汚濁水処理装置市場

Markets for Produced Water Treatment Equipment Outside North America

発行 BCC Research 商品コード 253341
出版日 ページ情報 英文 245 Pages
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北米以外の地域の油汚濁水処理装置市場 Markets for Produced Water Treatment Equipment Outside North America
出版日: 2012年10月30日 ページ情報: 英文 245 Pages
概要

現在、世界の石油開発活動によって、毎年1,150億バレル以上の油汚濁水が生産されています。米国では、1バレルの石油生産で、平均8バレルの汚水が生産されています。今後15年間で水と石油の割合(WOR)は8:1から12:1へ増加すると予測されています。最悪の場合、WORは50:1に達するでしょう。エネルギー企業は、油汚濁水の処分に1バレルあたり3米ドルから12米ドル程度を支払っています。

当レポートでは、北米以外の油汚濁水処理装置市場について調査し、市場動向の分析、市場の実績・予測データ、CAGRの予測、処理技術のレビューと比較、規制情勢と市場促進因子の分析、および主要企業のプロファイルなどを提供しており、概略以下の内容でお届けします。

第1章 イントロダクション

第2章 サマリー

第3章 概要

  • 上流石油・ガス用地における上下水道
  • 油汚濁水とは?
  • 油汚濁水の生産量は?

第4章 処理技術

  • 現在実施されている技術
  • 油汚濁水の処理段階
  • 脱油
  • 脱塩

第5章 世界の石油・ガス産業概要

  • 市場促進因子
  • 世界の輸液燃料の生産
  • 世界の確定石油埋蔵量
  • 世界の天然ガス埋蔵量
  • 世界における油汚濁水処理装置の市場規模・成長率

第6章 中南米

  • イントロダクション
  • 中南米の油汚濁水処理装置市場

第7章 欧州

  • 欧州のOECD加盟国
  • 欧州のOECD加盟国以外・ユーラシア諸国
  • 欧州の油汚濁水処理装置市場

第8章 アジア太平洋地域

  • アジア太平洋地域のOECD加盟国
  • アジア太平洋地域のOECD加盟国以外
  • アジア太平洋地域の油汚濁水処理装置市場

第9章 中東・アフリカ

  • 中東・アフリカのOECD加盟国
  • 中東・アフリカのOECD加盟国以外
  • 中東・アフリカの油汚濁水処理装置市場

第10章 産業構造

  • 資本設備支出
  • 油汚濁水処理装置ベンダーの検討事項
  • 企業プロファイル

図表リスト

目次
Product Code: ENV015A

Abstract

REPORT HIGHLIGHTS

This report provides:

  • An overview of markets outside North America for produced water treatment equipment
  • Analyses of market trends, with data from 2011, estimates for 2012, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2017
  • Review and comparison of treatment technologies for removing salts and other inorganic compounds, including membrane processes, ion exchange, and thermal distillation; and removing oil, grease, and other organic compounds, including mechanical separation, flotation, and adsorption
  • Discussion of regulatory and other market drivers in oil- and gas-producing regions
  • Examination of produced water contaminants and waste types most in need of treatment
  • Company profiles of leading produced water treatment equipment manufacturers.

REPORT SCOPE

INTRODUCTION

Until renewable, sustainable sources are fully developed, the demand for fossil fuels will continue to grow. According to the International Energy Agency's (IEA) most recent World Energy Outlook, the production of conventional crude oil, the largest single component of the global oil supply, will remain at current levels before declining slightly, to 68 million barrels per day, by 2035. To offset declining production at existing fields, 47 million barrels per day of additional gross capacity are required. This volume is twice the current total oil production of all Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) in the Middle East. A growing share of this output (10 million barrels per day) will come from unconventional sources.

The IEA forecasts a bright future, even a golden age, for natural gas, especially for so-called unconventional gas such as shale gas and coal bed methane. Unconventional gas now accounts for 50% of the estimated natural gas resource base. By 2035, unconventional gas is predicted to rise to 20% of total gas production, although the pace of development will vary considerably by region. The growth in output also will depend on the gas industry dealing successfully with the environmental challenges. "A golden age of gas," says the IEA, "will require golden standards for production."

The demand for carbon-based energy is a major market driver for products and services used to treat the water produced during oil and gas exploration and production (E&P). Produced water, the effluent that rises to the surface during E&P, includes naturally occurring water in energy deposits and water injected into formations during drilling processes.

Produced water comprises approximately 98% of the total waste volume generated by the industry. Current global E&P activities generate more than 115 billion barrels per year of produced water. For every barrel of oil, an average of three barrels of water is produced. In the U.S., the water-to-oil ratio (WOR) averages eight barrels of water to one of oil. On average, for every barrel of oil currently recovered, eight barrels of wastewater are also generated. During the next 15 years, the water to oil ratio is forecast to increase from 8:1 to 12:1. In the worst cases, the WOR reaches 50:1. To dispose of produced water, energy companies pay from $3 per barrel to as much as $12 per barrel. With the need to manage such large water volumes, the oil and gas production industry has become as much about water as it is about energy.

In addition to large water volumes and high disposal costs, energy developers using traditional produced water practices are facing increased opposition from environmental activists, local and state governments, and the public. These groups are concerned that the water is leaking from traditional containment pits and entering groundwater and surface water bodies. Historically, produced water has been contained temporarily in pits, and then either transported to treatment plants or evaporated.

During a producing oil well's lifecycle, it initially produces oil along with a small amount of water; but, over time, the percentage of water increases. Throughout the well's service life, the produced water must be separated from the oil it contains. Following treatment, the water may be handled via one of three methods: safely discharged (used mainly in offshore applications), re-injected into the hydrocarbon formation (used in onshore, coastal, or environmentally-sensitive areas) or reused (either to maintain reservoir pressure and enhance heavy oil production or in other beneficial applications). In most world regions and for all of the end uses/disposal options, treated water quality must meet certain standards including low toxicity, high biodegradability, and low potential for bioaccumulation in the food chain.

A number of water treatment technologies and equipment types are commercially available for use at the oil or gas production site. These processes can reduce the cost, inefficiency, and risk associated with treatment pits and the transport of toxic water. The treatment technologies include methods for de-oiling, de-sanding, desalinating, and disinfecting produced water. Numerous systems types are on the market. Among the choices are separators; hydrocyclones; distillation-, ion exchange-, adsorbent- and membrane-based units; as well as proprietary equipment and combinations of equipment.

Some of these products and technologies enable the treatment of produced water to a quality suitable for beneficial reuse. Presently, most of the water reused is employed for reinjection in enhanced oil recovery operations. However, there is also future potential for recycling the water in agriculture or a new source of municipal or industrial water supply, especially where water scarcity is an issue.

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

This report is intended to provide an in-depth analysis of the market for produced water treatment equipment. The study examines market value by world region, by equipment type, and by offshore versus onshore use. The world regions discussed are: the Americas, North America (the U.S., Canada, and Mexico), and Central and South America; Europe, the Asia-Pacific region; and the Middle East and Africa.

The market evaluation by equipment type looks at produced water treatment systems within three broad categories: primary and secondary treatment oil separation equipment (minimizes oil in water content to 25 parts per million [ppm] to 30 ppm), tertiary treatment equipment (further reduces oil in water to less than 10 ppm), and advanced treatment (processes for desalinating produced water and enabling zero liquid discharge).

In the market analysis by hydrocarbon resource, value and growth are evaluated for equipment used in treating produced water from conventional oil and gas production and the development of unconventional resources, such as tight oil, oil sands bitumen, shale gas, and coal bed methane. (For the purposes of this report, tight gas, natural gas that is difficult to access because of the nature of the rock and sand surrounding the deposit, is included in conventional resources.)

Because regulations governing offshore versus onshore produced water discharge differ, the equipment market also is evaluated by that parameter. In addition, the two markets are growing at different rates and are propelled by somewhat different drivers.

Technical and market drivers are considered in evaluating the current value of the technologies and in forecasting growth and trends over the next five years. The conclusions are illustrated with a wealth of statistical information on markets, applications, industry structure, and dynamics along with technological developments.

Because of the diverse and somewhat fragmented nature of the produced water treatment industry, it is difficult to find studies that gather such extensive data from such far-flung resources into one comprehensive document. This report contains a unique collection of information, analyses, forecasts and conclusions that are very hard or impossible to find elsewhere.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY

Global population growth and economic expansion are driving energy demand, while simultaneously driving significant increases in the demand for water. The challenge of meeting these demands is intensified by the nexus between water and energy. Large volumes of water are consumed to produce and generate energy, while vast amounts of energy are used to treat and distribute clean water. Furthermore, there is growing competition for water from the municipal, agricultural, and industrial sectors, which exacerbates the mounting problem of global water scarcity. These issues pose a significant business risk to oil and gas companies seeking to achieve sustainable growth.

Major water-related challenges facing the oil and gas sector are mature oilfields that increasingly require water-based enhanced oil recovery methods and produce more water over time; growing exploration and production complexity due to emerging unconventional hydrocarbon resources, with their large water needs; and greater environmental and regulatory pressures related to water management and scarcity.

For these reasons, oil and gas companies must view reevaluate water as a strategic element in their value chain. Water no longer is solely an environmental issue, but is increasingly tied to production growth and cost. As a result, it must be handled through a strategy that recognizes its status as a critical component to ongoing viability in the oil and gas sector.

INTENDED AUDIENCE

This report is designed to be of value to a wide array of readers. Those expected to have the greatest interest are players already active in oil and gas production and/or produced water treatment. The study will be of value to startup companies with novel water treatment technology, especially for the hydraulic fracturing sector, since that market is still emerging and has no dominant players. Oilfield services businesses should find the report useful for its overview of treatment technologies, which include performance data, as well as capital and operating cost information.

It should be of interest to venture investors, entrepreneurs, and entrepreneurial companies interested in entering or expanding into the produced water treatment sector. Other public and private sector interest groups, market analysts, and general readers wishing to gain broader knowledge of the dynamics of the produced water treatment equipment market also are expected to find the report worthwhile.

SCOPE OF REPORT

The scope of this report is focused on global produced water treatment equipment for the oil and gas industry. The market is broken down by several different parameters, including world region, equipment type, and produced water source; and offshore/onshore application.

There are a number of expenses related to produced water management, including expenditures for services and equipment for downhole water minimization, for lifting water to the surface, for treatment, for reinjection, and for hauling and offsite disposal. This report will evaluate only oil and gas sector purchases for treatment equipment.

The study covers the industry on a worldwide basis in terms of the manufacture and deployment of treatment systems. BCC examines government roles in support of global markets, including regulatory support, government requirements, and promotional incentives for various technologies as relevant and available.

METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES

Both primary and secondary research methodologies were used in preparing this report. Research for this technical/marketing report began with an analysis of available technical and business literature related to sludge treatment. Conversations with industry experts and company representatives provide the backbone for the analysis.

Capital equipment expenditure estimates are based on anticipated future treatment capacity, existing and expected regulatory standards, and alterna-tives for disposing of oil and gas field wastewater.

Both primary and secondary research methods were used in this research study. Internet, literature and patent searches were undertaken, and key industry participants were queried. Growth rates for each market were calculated based on expected revenues from sales of process equipment during the forecast period. Values and forecasts are given in current U.S. dollars. Construction, engineering and design costs are excluded from market size calculations.

ANALYST CREDENTIALS

During the past 16 years, Susan Hanft has authored more than 35 market research reports for BCC Research in the fields of membrane technology, water and wastewater treatment, and separations used in food and beverage manufacture, medicine, and biotechnology.

Table of Contents

Chapter- 1: INTRODUCTION - Complimentary

  • STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
  • REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
  • INTENDED AUDIENCE
  • SCOPE OF REPORT
  • METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES
  • ANALYST CREDENTIALS
  • RELATED BCC PUBLICATIONS
  • BCC ONLINE SERVICES
  • DISCLAIMER

Chapter- 2: SUMMARY

  • Table Summary : THE GLOBAL MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT, BY OIL OR GAS APPLICATION, THROUGH 2017
  • Figure Summary : THE GLOBAL MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT, BY OIL OR GAS APPLICATION, 2007-2017

Chapter- 3: OVERVIEW

  • WATER AND WASTEWATER AT UPSTREAM OIL AND GAS SITES
  • WHAT IS PRODUCED WATER?
  • HOW MUCH PRODUCED WATER IS GENERATED?

Chapter- 4: TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES

  • CURRENT PRACTICES
  • PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT STAGES
  • DE-OILING
  • DESALINATION

Chapter- 5: WORLD OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY OVERVIEW

  • MARKET DRIVERS
  • GLOBAL OIL-LIQUID FUELS PRODUCTION
  • PROVEN GLOBAL OIL RESERVES
  • GLOBAL NATURAL GAS RESERVES
  • GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT
  • Table 20 : OIL AND GAS WELLS DRILLED BY WORLD REGION, 2011 AND 2012,
  • Figure 9 : OIL AND GAS WELLS DRILLED BY WORLD REGION, 2011 AND 2012

Chapter- 6: CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICA

  • INTRODUCTION
  • CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT

Chapter- 7: EUROPE

  • OECD EUROPE
  • NON-OECD EUROPE AND EURASIA
  • EUROPEAN MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT
  • Table 52 : OIL AND GAS WELLS DRILLED IN EUROPE, 2011 AND 2012
  • Figure 34 : OIL AND GAS WELLS DRILLED IN EUROPE, 2011 AND 2012
  • Table 53 : OFFSHORE OIL AND GAS WELLS DRILLED IN EUROPE, 2011 AND 2012
  • Figure 35 : OFFSHORE OIL AND GAS WELLS DRILLED IN EUROPE, 2011 AND 2012

Chapter- 8: ASIA-PACIFIC

  • OECD ASIA-PACIFIC
  • NON-OECD ASIA
  • THE ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT

Chapter- 9: MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA

  • NON-OECD MIDDLE EAST
  • NON-OECD AFRICA
  • MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT

Chapter- 10: INDUSTRY STRUCTURE

  • CAPITAL EQUIPMENT SPENDING
  • CONSIDERATIONS FOR VENDORS SUPPLYING WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT
  • COMPANY PROFILES

List of Tables

  • Summary Table : THE GLOBAL MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT, BY OIL OR GAS APPLICATION, THROUGH 2017
  • Table 1 : TYPICAL COMPOSITION OF PRODUCED WATER
  • Table 2 : CBM PRODUCED WATER CHARACTERISTICS
  • Table 3 : GLOBAL ONSHORE AND OFFSHORE PRODUCED WATER VOLUMES, THROUGH 2017
  • Table 4 : FATE OF PRODUCED WATER, BY END USE/DISPOSAL ROUTE 2012 VS. 2017
  • Table 5 : TYPICAL COST BREAKDOWN FOR PRODUCED WATER MANAGEMENT BY PROCESS STEP
  • Table 6 : PRODUCED WATER DISPOSAL COSTS FOR OFFSITE COMMERCIAL FACILITIES, BY OPTION
  • Table 7 : PERCENTAGE OF PRODUCED WATER REINJECTED OFFSHORE, BY REGION, 2008-2010
  • Table 8 : PERCENTAGE OF PRODUCED WATER REINJECTED ONSHORE, BY REGION, 2008-2010
  • Table 9 : EQUIPMENT SELECTION BASED ON SIZE OF PARTICLES REMOVED
  • Table 10 : TYPICAL WATER TREATMENT PROCESSES IN THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY
  • Table 11 : PRODUCED WATER CONTAMINANT REMOVAL REQUIREMENTS AND SUITABLE TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES
  • Table 12 : DE-OILING TECHNOLOGIES FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT
  • Table 13 : OIL CONTENT OF PRODUCED WATER DISCHARGES, ONSHORE AND OFFSHORE, 2004-2010
  • Table 14 : OIL CONTENT OF PRODUCED WATER DISCHARGED OFFSHORE, BY REGION, 2008-2010
  • Table 15 : OIL CONTENT OF PRODUCED WATER DISCHARGED ONSHORE, BY REGION, 2008-2010
  • Table 16 : DESALINATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT
  • Table 17 : PRESSURE DRIVEN MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGIES FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT
  • Table 18 : VSEP INSTALLATIONS FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT
  • Table 19 : DISINFECTION TECHNOLOGIES FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT
  • Table 20 : OIL AND GAS WELLS DRILLED BY WORLD REGION, 2011 AND 2012,
  • Table 21 : OIL-IN-WATER LIMITS BY COUNTRY
  • Table 22 : PEAK OIL PRODUCTION AT WORLD'S LARGEST OILFIELDS
  • Table 23 : GLOBAL EOR-BASED OIL PRODUCTION, BY REGION/COUNTRY, 2010
  • Table 24 : GLOBAL EOR-BASED OIL PRODUCTION, BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 2010
  • Table 25 : EOR-BASED OIL PRODUCTION BY REGION AND TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 2010
  • Table 26 : CBM RESERVES BY COUNTRY
  • Table 27 : WORLD PROVED OIL RESERVES BY COUNTRY AS OF JANUARY 2011
  • Table 28 : WORLD PROVEN OIL RESERVES BY REGION, AS OF JANUARY 2011
  • Table 29 : GLOBAL OIL PRODUCTION BY COUNTRY
  • Table 30 : GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF OIL WELLS, 2008
  • Table 31 : NON-OPEC OIL PRODUCTION IN THE NEW POLICIES SCENARIO, 2010-2035
  • Table 32 : OPEC OIL PRODUCTION IN THE NEW POLICIES SCENARIO, 2010-2035
  • Table 33 : WORLD NATURAL GAS RESERVES BY REGION AS OF JANUARY 1, 2011
  • Table 34 : WORLD NATURAL GAS RESERVES BY COUNTRY AS OF JANUARY 1, 2011
  • Table 35 : GLOBAL NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION BY COUNTRY
  • Table 36 : PRIMARY NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION IN THE NEW POLICIES SCENARIO, 2009-2035
  • Table 37 : WORLD NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION BY REGION/COUNTRY, CONVENTIONAL VERSUS UNCONVENTIONAL, THROUGH 2035
  • Table 38 : GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT, BY EQUIPMENT TYPE, THROUGH 2017
  • Table 39 : DISTRIBUTION OF ONSHORE OIL AND GAS WELLS DRILLED IN 2012, BY WORLD REGION
  • Table 40 : OFFSHORE OIL AND GAS WELLS DRILLED IN 2012, BY WORLD REGION
  • Table 41 : GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT, ONSHORE VS. OFFSHORE, THROUGH 2017
  • Table 42 : GLOBAL HYDRAULIC FRACTURING TREATMENTS, BREAKDOWN BY WELL TYPE
  • Table 43 : GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT, BY HYDROCARBON RESOURCE, 2007-2017
  • Table 44 : GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT, BY REGION, 2007-2017
  • Table 45 : WORLD BANK ESTIMATES FOR REAL GDP GROWTH, 2012-2014
  • Table 46 : OIL AND GAS WELLS DRILLED IN CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICA, 2011 AND 2012
  • Table 47 : CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT, BY EQUIPMENT TYPE, THROUGH 2017
  • Table 48 : OIL AND GAS WELLS DRILLED IN CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICA, ONSHORE VERSUS OFFSHORE, 2011 AND 2012
  • Table 49 : CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT, ONSHORE VS. OFFSHORE, THROUGH 2017
  • Table 50 : NON-OPEC CRUDE OIL AND LIQUID FUELS SUPPLY, 2010-2013
  • Table 51 : CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT, BY HYDROCARBON RESOURCE, THROUGH 2017
  • Table 52 : OIL AND GAS WELLS DRILLED IN EUROPE, 2011 AND 2012
  • Table 53 : OFFSHORE OIL AND GAS WELLS DRILLED IN EUROPE, 2011 AND 2012
  • Table 54 : EUROPEAN MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT, BY TYPE, THROUGH 2017
  • Table 55 : OIL AND GAS WELLS DRILLED IN EUROPE, ONSHORE VERSUS OFFSHORE, 2011 AND 2012
  • Table 56 : EUROPEAN MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT, ONSHORE VS. OFFSHORE, THROUGH 2017
  • Table 57 : EUROPEAN MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT, BY HYDROCARBON RESOURCE, THROUGH 2017
  • Table 58 : OIL AND GAS WELLS DRILLED IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION, 2011 AND 2012
  • Table 59 : OFFSHORE OIL AND GAS WELLS DRILLED IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION, 2011 AND 2012
  • Table 60 : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT, BY TYPE, IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION, THROUGH 2017
  • Table 61 : OIL AND GAS WELLS DRILLED IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION, ONSHORE VERSUS OFFSHORE, 2011 AND 2012
  • Table 62 : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT, ONSHORE VS. OFFSHORE, IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION, THROUGH 2017
  • Table 63 : ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT, BY HYDROCARBON RESOURCE, THROUGH 2017
  • Table 64 : OIL AND GAS WELLS DRILLED IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA, 2011 AND 2012
  • Table 65 : OFFSHORE OIL AND GAS WELLS DRILLED IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA, 2011 AND 2012
  • Table 66 : MENA SHARE OF GLOBAL OIL PRODUCTION, 2010
  • Table 67 : NON-OECD MIDDLE EAST OIL PRODUCERS AND OUTPUT, 2010
  • Table 68 : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT, BY TYPE, IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA, THROUGH 2017
  • Table 69 : OIL AND GAS WELLS DRILLED IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA, ONSHORE VERSUS OFFSHORE, 2011 AND 2012
  • Table 70 : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT, ONSHORE VS. OFFSHORE, IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA, THROUGH 2017
  • Table 71 : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT, BY HYDROCARBON RESOURCE, IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA, THROUGH 2017
  • Table 72 : GLOBAL CAPITAL SPENDING IN THE UPSTREAM OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY, 2000-2012
  • Table 73 : CAPITAL SPENDING BY THE UPSTREAM OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY, BY REGION, 2011 AND 2012
  • Table 74 : PERCENTAGE BREAKDOWN OF CAPITAL SPENDING BY THE UPSTREAM OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY, BY REGION, 2012
  • Table 75 : OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY INVESTMENT, BY COMPANY, 2010 AND 2011

List of Figures

  • Figure SAMPLE FIGURE : THE GLOBAL MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT, BY OIL OR GAS APPLICATION, 2007-2017
  • Summary Figure : THE GLOBAL MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT, BY OIL OR GAS APPLICATION, 2007-2017
  • Figure 1 : GLOBAL ONSHORE AND OFFSHORE PRODUCED WATER VOLUMES, 2000-2017
  • Figure 2 : FATE OF PRODUCED WATER, 2012 VS. 2017
  • Figure 3 : TYPICAL COST BREAKDOWN FOR PRODUCED WATER MANAGEMENT BY PROCESS STEP
  • Figure 4 : PERCENTAGE OF PRODUCED WATER REINJECTED OFFSHORE, BY REGION, 2008-2010
  • Figure 5 : PERCENTAGE OF PRODUCED WATER REINJECTED ONSHORE, BY REGION, 2008-2010
  • Figure 6 : OIL CONTENT OF PRODUCED WATER DISCHARGES, ONSHORE AND OFFSHORE, 2004-2010
  • Figure 7 : OIL CONTENT OF PRODUCED WATER DISCHARGED OFFSHORE, BY REGION, 2008-2010
  • Figure 8 : OIL CONTENT OF PRODUCED WATER DISCHARGED ONSHORE, BY REGION, 2008-2010
  • Figure 9 : OIL AND GAS WELLS DRILLED BY WORLD REGION, 2011 AND 2012
  • Figure 10 : TOTAL GLOBAL EOR-BASED OIL PRODUCTION, BY REGION/COUNTRY, 2010
  • Figure 11 : GLOBAL EOR-BASED OIL PRODUCTION, BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 2010
  • Figure 12 : EOR-BASED OIL PRODUCTION BY REGION AND TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 2010
  • Figure 13 : WORLD LIQUIDS SUPPLY BY TYPE IN THE NEW POLICY SCENARIO, 1990-2035
  • Figure 14 : GLOBAL SHALE GAS RESERVES
  • Figure 15 : GLOBAL CBM RESERVES
  • Figure 16 : CBM RESERVES BY COUNTRY
  • Figure 17 : WORLD PROVEN OIL RESERVES BY REGION, AS OF JANUARY 2011
  • Figure 18 : GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF OIL WELLS, 2008
  • Figure 19 : WORLD NATURAL GAS RESERVES BY REGION, AS OF JANUARY 1, 2011
  • Figure 20 : WORLD NATURAL GAS RESERVES BY COUNTRY AS OF JANUARY 1, 2011
  • Figure 21 : GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT, BY EQUIPMENT TYPE, 2007-2017
  • Figure 22 : DISTRIBUTION OF ONSHORE OIL AND GAS WELLS DRILLED IN 2012, BY WORLD REGION
  • Figure 23 : OFFSHORE OIL AND GAS WELLS DRILLED IN 2012, BY WORLD REGION
  • Figure 24 : GLOBAL MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT, ONSHORE VS. OFFSHORE, 2007-2017
  • Figure 25 : GLOBAL HYDRAULIC FRACTURING TREATMENTS, BREAKDOWN BY WELL TYPE
  • Figure 26 : GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT, BY HYDROCARBON RESOURCE, 2007-2017
  • Figure 27 : GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT, BY REGION, 2007-2017
  • Figure 28 : OIL AND GAS WELLS DRILLED IN CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICA, 2011 AND 2012
  • Figure 29 : CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT, BY EQUIPMENT TYPE, 2007-2017
  • Figure 30 : OIL AND GAS WELLS DRILLED IN CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICA, ONSHORE VERSUS OFFSHORE, 2011 AND 2012
  • Figure 31 : CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT, ONSHORE VS. OFFSHORE, 2007-2017
  • Figure 32 : NON-OPEC CRUDE OIL AND LIQUID FUELS SUPPLY, 2010-2013
  • Figure 33 : CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICAN MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT, BY HYDROCARBON RESOURCE, 2007-2017
  • Figure 34 : OIL AND GAS WELLS DRILLED IN EUROPE, 2011 AND 2012
  • Figure 35 : OFFSHORE OIL AND GAS WELLS DRILLED IN EUROPE, 2011 AND 2012
  • Figure 36 : OECD EUROPE NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION, 1990-2035
  • Figure 37 : NON-OECD EUROPE AND EURASIA NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION, 1992-2035
  • Figure 38 : EUROPEAN MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT, BY TYPE, 2007-2017
  • Figure 39 : OIL AND GAS WELLS DRILLED IN EUROPE, ONSHORE VERSUS OFFSHORE, 2011 AND 2012
  • Figure 40 : EUROPEAN MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT, ONSHORE VS. OFFSHORE, 2007-2017
  • Figure 41 : EUROPEAN MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT, BY HYDROCARBON RESOURCE, 2007-2017
  • Figure 42 : OIL AND GAS WELLS DRILLED IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION, 2011 AND 2012
  • Figure 43 : OFFSHORE OIL AND GAS WELLS DRILLED IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION, 2011 AND 2012
  • Figure 44 : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT, BY TYPE, IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION, 2007-2017
  • Figure 45 : OIL AND GAS WELLS DRILLED IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION, ONSHORE VERSUS OFFSHORE, 2011 AND 2012
  • Figure 46 : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT, ONSHORE VS. OFFSHORE, IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION, 2007-2017
  • Figure 47 : ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT, BY HYDROCARBON RESOURCE, 2007-2017
  • Figure 48 : OIL AND GAS WELLS DRILLED IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA, 2011 AND 2012
  • Figure 49 : MENA SHARE OF GLOBAL OIL PRODUCTION, 2010
  • Figure 50 : NON-OECD MIDDLE EAST OIL PRODUCERS AND OUTPUT, 2010
  • Figure 51 : MIDDLE EAST NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION, 1990-2035
  • Figure 52 : AFRICA NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION, 1990-2035
  • Figure 53 : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT, BY TYPE, IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA, 2007-2017
  • Figure 54 : OIL AND GAS WELLS DRILLED IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA, ONSHORE VERSUS OFFSHORE, 2011 AND 2012
  • Figure 55 : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT, ONSHORE VS. OFFSHORE, IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA, 2007-2017
  • Figure 56 : MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT, BY HYDROCARBON RESOURCE, IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA, 2007-2017
  • Figure 57 : GLOBAL CAPITAL SPENDING IN THE UPSTREAM OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY, 2000-2012
  • Figure 58 : CAPITAL SPENDING BY THE UPSTREAM OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY, BY REGION, 2011 AND 2012
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