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市場調査レポート

北米の油汚濁水処理装置市場

The North American Market for Produced Water Treatment Equipment

発行 BCC Research 商品コード 252399
出版日 ページ情報 英文 214 Pages
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北米の油汚濁水処理装置市場 The North American Market for Produced Water Treatment Equipment
出版日: 2015年08月31日 ページ情報: 英文 214 Pages
概要

北米の油汚濁水処理装置市場は2014年に10億米ドルの規模に達しました。同市場は2015年には11億米ドルに拡大することが見込まれ、2020年にはCAGR(複合年間成長率)8.2%の伸びで16億米ドルの規模に達する見込みとなっています。

当レポートでは、世界および北米地域の油汚濁水処理装置市場の現状と見通しについて調査分析し、油汚濁水処理技術の概要、市場規模の推移と予測(装置区分・オンショア/オフショア・石油/ガス別)、市場影響因子の分析、主要企業のプロファイルなどをまとめています。

第1章 イントロダクション:はじめに

  • 調査の目標と目的
  • 調査実施理由
  • 対象読者
  • 調査範囲
  • 情報源
  • アナリストの略歴
  • 関連レポート
  • BCC調査ウェブサイト
  • 免責事項

第2章 サマリー

第3章 産業概要

  • 世界の石油・ガス産業
  • 生産における石油・ガス処理段階
  • 石油・ガス資源の種類
    • 在来型石油
    • オイルサンド(油砂)
    • シェール油またはタイトオイル
    • 在来型ガス
    • シェールガス
    • 炭層メタン
  • 世界の石油・ガス埋蔵量
  • 世界の石油・ガス生産
  • 油汚濁水
  • 油汚濁水量
  • 油汚濁水の成分
    • 塩分濃度
    • 懸濁物
    • 油・潤滑油、ならびにその他の自然有機物
  • 油溶性ガスと揮発性化合物
    • 微量金属
    • 放射性核種
    • 添加物・化学物質
    • 鉄・マンガン
    • バリウム・ストロンチウム
    • ホウ素・臭化物
  • 油汚濁水の品質
  • 油汚濁水の用途
  • 再注入
  • 再注入のための油汚濁水処理
  • 水圧破砕における再利用のための処理
  • 削減、リサイクル、再利用、そして処分
    • 油汚濁水の削減
    • 水のリサイクルと再利用
    • 処分

第4章 技術概要

  • 油汚濁水処理の諸段階
  • 油汚濁水処理装置の選択
  • 油汚濁水処理技術
    • 膜処理
    • 精密ろ過・限外ろ過
    • ナノろ過・逆浸透
    • 正浸透
    • 膜蒸留
    • 電気透析・逆電気透析
    • ハイブリッドFO(正浸透)/RO(逆浸透)
    • 熱処理
    • 蒸発
    • 結晶化
    • 合体
    • 浮遊
    • 複合物理的・抽出技術
    • 電気凝固法
    • バイオリアクター
    • 用途とそれらの処理技術

第5章 市場規模の要素と成長

  • 人口増加が水質保全の必要性を動機付ける
  • 水と農業
  • 水とエネルギー
  • 貴重になってきている水
  • 水不足と水分ストレス
  • 増加している世界の水消費
  • 気候変動と干ばつがPWTE(油汚濁水処理装置)市場を主導
  • 米国規制の一端
  • PWTEへの支援
  • 監視下にある水圧破砕
  • 水圧破砕と地震の懸念
  • シェールガスのブーム
  • 削減、リサイクル、再利用メカニズムに対する大きな後押し
  • PWTEに関連した環境懸念の手引き
  • PWTE産業にとって良い兆候となっているプロジェクトの成功

第6章 北米市場の規模と成長

  • 用途別市場
    • 油田
    • ガス田
  • 処理段階別市場
    • 一次・二次処理
    • 三次処理
    • 高度処理
  • 区域別市場
    • オンショア(陸上)区域
    • オフショア(海洋)区域
  • 炭化水素資源別市場
    • 在来型石油
    • オイルサンド
    • 在来型ガス
    • 炭層メタン
    • タイトオイル
    • シェールガス

第7章 企業プロファイル

  • 212 RESOURCES LLC
  • ADVANCED WATER TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES SERVICES INC.
  • AKER SOLUTIONS ASA
  • ALDERLEY PLC
  • ALTELA INC.
  • AMCOL INTERNATIONAL CORP.
  • AQUA EWP LLC
  • AQUA-PURE VENTURES INC.
  • AQUATECH INTERNATIONAL CORP.
  • AVANTECH INC.
  • CAMERON INTERNATIONAL CORP.
  • DPS GLOBAL
  • DRAKE WATER TECHNOLOGIES INC.
  • ECOSPHERE TECHNOLOGIES INC.
  • ECO-TEC INC.
  • ENVIRO-TECH SYSTEMS LLC
  • ENVIROCHEMIE GMBH
  • EPROCESS TECHNOLOGIES PTY. LTD.
  • EXTERRAN HOLDINGS INC.
  • FILTERBOXX WATER AND ENVIRONMENTAL CORP.
  • FLSMIDTH & CO. A/S
  • FMC TECHNOLOGIES INC.
  • GE WATER & PROCESS TECHNOLOGIES
  • GENESIS WATER TECHNOLOGIES INC.
  • GEO-PROCESSORS PTY. LTD.
  • GEOPURE HYDROTECHNOLOGIES LLC
  • GLOBAL PROCESS SYSTEMS LLC
  • GRADEK ENERGY INC.
  • HALLIBURTON CO.
  • HAMWORTHY PLC.
  • HYDRATION TECHNOLOGY INNOVATIONS LLC
  • LAYNE CHRISTENSEN
  • MYCELX TECHNOLOGIES CORP.
  • NATURE GROUP PLC.
  • NEW LOGIC RESEARCH INC.
  • NATIONAL OILWELL VARCO
  • NUGLOBAL WATER SOLUTIONS LLC
  • OVIVO INC.
  • PETRO TECHNA INTERNATIONAL LTD.
  • PROCESS GROUP INTERNATIONAL LTD.
  • PROSEP INC.
  • PURESTREAM TECHNOLOGY LLC
  • SAIPEM SPA
  • SEVERN TRENT SERVICES
  • SIEMENS WATER SOLUTIONS
  • SOUTHWATER LLC
  • SWACO, M-I
  • TRANSVAC SYSTEMS LTD
  • VEOLIA WATER SOLUTIONS & TECHNOLOGIES
  • VME PROCESS INC.
  • WASTEWATER RESOURCES INC.
  • WATER & POWER TECHNOLOGIES INC.
  • WATER STANDARD CO.
  • WATERTECTONICS INC.

図表

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目次
Product Code: ENV014B

REPORT HIGHLIGHTS

The North American market for produced water treatment equipment reached $1.0 billion in 2014. This market is expected to reach $1.1 billion in 2015 and $1.6 billion in 2020, increasing at a compound annual growth (CAGR) of 8.2% over the next five years.

This report provides:

  • An in-depth analysis of the market for produced water treatment equipment.
  • Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2014, estimates for 2015, and projections of CAGRs through 2020.
  • Examination of market values by world region, equipment type, and offshore versus onshore use.
  • A wealth of statistical information on markets, applications, industry structure and dynamics along with technological developments.
  • A look at government roles in support of global markets, including regulatory support, government.
  • Requirements and promotional incentives for various technologies.
  • Analysis of the market's dynamics, specifically growth drivers, inhibitors, and opportunities.

SCOPE OF REPORT

This report analyzes the market for PWTE. The global market is discussed when relevant, although the report focuses on North America. Produced water, for purposes of this report, is the water produced from oil and gas production, including water that is present naturally in the reservoir (also called formation water or connate water), water previously injected into the reservoir (floodwater), and condensed water from gas production.

North American PWTE market data is provided in dollar value for 2014 and 2015, with projections given through 2020. Numbers are broken down by application (oil fields, gas fields), treatment stages (primary/secondary, tertiary, enhanced), location (onshore, offshore) and hydrocarbon resource (conventional oil, oil sands, conventional gas, coal-bed methane, tight oil and shale gas).

This report does not include equipment used to produce or process hydrocarbons or to process water generated from oil and gas processing operations. It also does not include any water produced outside of the oil and gas industries.

ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS

BCC Research analyst Nana Lapham wrote her first technology report in 2001 and since then has reported on a wide variety of topics, such as nuclear technology, microgrids, energy efficiency, enhanced oil recovery, desalination, and water recycling and reuse. Lapham has conducted and analyzed environmental research in the Pacific Northwest, where she currently resides. Her clients have included research and consulting companies and other individual associations, such as Oregon Websites and Watersheds Project Inc., an eco-consultancy; and the Pacific Northwest Research Station, an arm of the U.S. Forest Service. Her hands-on experience with environmental science gives her a unique, well-rounded perspective on industry and a deep understanding for the value of non-biased, complete information.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION

  • STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
  • REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
  • INTENDED AUDIENCE
  • SCOPE OF REPORT
  • INFORMATION SOURCES
  • ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
  • RESEARCH REPORTS
  • BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
  • DISCLAIMER

CHAPTER 2 - SUMMARY

  • SUMMARY TABLE A: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • SUMMARY FIGURE: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT BY APPLICATION, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • SHALE GAS PRODUCTION IN THE U.S.
  • SUMMARY TABLE B: SUMMARY TABLE B SHALE GAS PRODUCTION IN THE U.S., 2008-2013 (BILLION CUBIC FEET)
    • HYDRAULIC FRACTURING IN PWTE MARKET
    • REDUCE, RECYCLE, REUSE MECHANISMS
  • SUMMARY TABLE C: SUMMARY TABLE C APPLICATIONS FOR RECYCLING AND REUSE OF PRODUCED WATER

CHAPTER 3 - INDUSTRY OVERVIEW

  • WORLD OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY
  • OIL AND GAS TREATMENT STAGES OF PRODUCTION
    • PRIMARY
    • SECONDARY
    • TERTIARY
      • Thermal Recovery
      • Miscible Injection
      • Chemical Flooding
  • TYPES OF OIL AND GAS RESOURCES
    • CONVENTIONAL OIL
    • OIL SANDS
      • Open-Pit Mining
      • In-situ Recovery
    • SHALE OIL OR TIGHT OIL
    • CONVENTIONAL GAS
    • SHALE GAS
      • TABLE 1: TDS CONTENT OF PRODUCED WATER FROM MARCELLUS SHALE WELLS OVER A PERIOD OF 90 DAYS (MILLIGRAMS PER LITER/%)
    • COAL-BED METHANE
  • OIL AND GAS RESERVES AROUND THE WORLD
    • TABLE 2: GLOBAL PETROLEUM RESERVES BY REGION, 2014 (BILLION BARRELS)
    • TABLE 3: GLOBAL NATURAL GAS RESERVES BY REGION, 2014 (TRILLION CUBIC FEET)
  • OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION AROUND THE WORLD
    • TABLE 4: GLOBAL OIL PRODUCTION FOR TOP 100 OIL PRODUCING COUNTRIES, 2009-2013 (THOUSAND BARRELS PER DAY)
    • TABLE 5: GLOBAL NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION FOR TOP 100 GROSS NATURAL GAS PRODUCING COUNTRIES, 2009-2012 (BILLION CUBIC FEET)
  • PRODUCED WATER
  • PRODUCED WATER VOLUME
    • TABLE 6: U.S. PRODUCED WATER VOLUME BY STATE, 2007 AND 2012 (THOUSAND BARRELS PER YEAR/%)
  • PRODUCED WATER INGREDIENTS
    • SALINITY
    • SUSPENDED SOLIDS
    • OIL AND GREASE, AND OTHER NATURAL ORGANIC MATTER
      • TABLE 7: OIL CONTENT OF GLOBAL DISCHARGED PRODUCED WATER IN ONSHORE APPLICATIONS BY REGION, 2013 (MILLIGRAMS PER LITER OF PRODUCED WATER)
  • DISSOLVED GASES AND VOLATILE COMPOUNDS
  • TRACE METALS
  • RADIONUCLIDES
    • TABLE 8: TENORM RADIATION LEVELS BY WASTE TYPE (PICOCURIE PER GRAM)
  • ADDITIVES AND CHEMICALS
  • IRON AND MANGANESE
  • BARIUM AND STRONTIUM
  • BORON AND BROMIDE
    • TABLE 9: COMMON ELEMENTS FOUND IN PRODUCED WATER
  • PRODUCED WATER QUALITY
    • TABLE 10: PRODUCED WATER QUALITY BASED ON TDS BY WATER TYPE (MILLIGRAMS PER LITER)
    • TABLE 11: PRODUCED WATER VOLUME AND QUALITY REQUIREMENTS BY PRODUCTION TYPE
  • USES FOR PRODUCED WATER
    • TABLE 12: USES FOR PRODUCED WATER
  • RE-INJECTION
    • TABLE 13: PERCENTAGE OF GLOBAL PRODUCED WATER RE-INJECTED ONSHORE BY REGION, 2013 (%)
    • TABLE 14: PERCENTAGE OF GLOBAL PRODUCED WATER RE-INJECTED OFFSHORE BY REGION, 2013 (%)
  • PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT FOR REINJECTION
  • TREATMENT FOR REUSE IN HYDRAULIC FRACTURING
  • REDUCE, RECYCLE, REUSE AND THEN DISPOSE
    • REDUCING PRODUCED WATER
      • TABLE 15: SUITABLE TECHNOLOGIES FOR REDUCING PRODUCED WATER VOLUMES
    • WATER RECYCLING AND REUSE
      • TABLE 16: APPLICATIONS FOR RECYCLING AND REUSE OF PRODUCED WATER
    • DISPOSAL
      • TABLE 17: SUITABLE DISPOSAL METHODS FOR PRODUCED WATER

CHAPTER 4 - TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW

  • PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT STAGES
    • TABLE 18: TYPICAL WATER TREATMENT STAGES OF PRODUCED WATER IN THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY
  • CHOOSING PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT
    • TABLE 19: EQUIPMENT SELECTION BASED ON SIZE OF PARTICLES REMOVED (MICRONS)
  • PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 20: TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES FOR PRODUCED WATER
  • MEMBRANE PROCESSES
    • TABLE 21: BENEFITS AND DRAWBACKS OF MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGIES
  • MICROFILTRATION AND ULTRAFILTRATION
    • Microfiltration
    • Ultrafiltration
    • Ceramic Microfiltration and Ultrafiltration
    • Polymeric Microfiltration and Ultrafiltration
  • NANOFILTRATION AND REVERSE OSMOSIS
    • Nanofiltration
    • Reverse Osmosis
    • High Efficiency RO (HERO)
    • Slurry Precipitation and Recycling RO (SPARRO)
    • Double Pass Preferential Precipitation RO
    • Dual-pass RO with Chemical Precipitation
  • FORWARD OSMOSIS
  • MEMBRANE DISTILLATION
    • Vibratory Shear Enhanced Processing (VSEP)
      • Optimized Pretreatment and Separation Technology (OPUS)
      • GeoPure AdvancedHydro Treatment
      • CDM Smith Produced Water Technology
  • ELECTRODIALYSIS AND ELECTRODIALYSIS REVERSAL
    • High Efficiency Electrodialysis
  • HYBRID FO/RO
  • THERMAL TREATMENT
    • TABLE 22: BENEFITS AND DRAWBACKS OF THERMAL TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES
  • EVAPORATION
    • Vapor Compression
    • Multi-stage Flash
    • Multi-effect Distillation
    • Hybrid MED-VC
    • Freeze-Thaw Evaporation
    • Dewvaporation
    • Enhanced Distillation/Evaporation
      • GE MVC
      • Aquatech MVC
      • Aqua-Pure MVR
      • 212 Resources' MVR
      • Evaporative Reduction and Solidification
      • AGV Wiped Film Rotating Disk (WFRD)
  • CRYSTALLIZATION
    • ION EXCHANGE
      • TABLE 23: BENEFITS AND DRAWBACKS OF ION EXCHANGE TECHNOLOGY
    • EMIT HIGGINS LOOP
    • DRAKE CONTINUOUS SELECTIVE IX
    • RECOFLO COMPRESSED-BED IX
    • CATALYX/RGBL IX
    • CAPACITIVE DEIONIZATION
    • PHYSICAL SEPARATION
      • TABLE 24: BENEFITS AND DRAWBACKS OF PHYSICAL SEPARATION TECHNOLOGIES
    • SETTLING PONDS
    • GRAVITY SEPARATORS
      • API Separators
      • Inclined Plate Separator/Plate Settler
      • Flat Corrugated Plate Separators
    • HYDROCYCLONES
    • CENTRIFUGES
      • Voraxial Separators
    • MEDIA FILTRATION
      • Cartridge Filters
      • Granular Media Filters
    • BIOLOGICAL AERATED FILTRATION
  • COALESCENCE
    • TABLE 25: BENEFITS AND DRAWBACKS OF COALESCENCE TECHNOLOGY
  • FLOTATION
    • TABLE 26: BENEFITS AND DRAWBACKS OF FLOTATION TECHNOLOGIES
  • DISSOLVED GAS FLOTATION AND INDUCED GAS FLOTATION
  • ELECTROCOAGULATION AND ELECTROFLOTATION
  • SOLVENT EXTRACTION
  • ADSORPTION
    • TABLE 27: BENEFITS AND DRAWBACKS OF ADSORPTION TECHNOLOGIES
  • ORGANOCLAY
  • ACTIVATED CARBON
  • ZEOLITES
    • MyCelx
  • COMBINED PHYSICAL AND EXTRACTION TECHNOLOGY
  • ELECTROCOAGULATION
  • BIOREACTORS
  • USES AND THEIR TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES
    • REMOVAL OF DISSOLVED ORGANICS
      • TABLE 28: TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES USED FOR THE REMOVAL OF DISSOLVED ORGANICS
    • REMOVAL OF METALS
      • TABLE 29: TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES USED FOR THE REMOVAL OF METALS
    • REMOVAL OF SUSPENDED SOLIDS
      • TABLE 30: TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES USED FOR THE REMOVAL OF SUSPENDED SOLIDS
    • REMOVAL OF OIL AND GREASE
      • TABLE 31: DE-OILING TECHNOLOGIES FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT
    • DESALINATION
      • TABLE 32: DESALINATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT
    • DISINFECTION
      • TABLE 33: DISINFECTION TECHNOLOGIES FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT
    • Ozonation
      • Ozonix
    • Ultraviolet Light Disinfection
    • Brine Concentrate

CHAPTER 5 - FACTORS IN MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH

  • POPULATION GROWTH INSPIRES NEED FOR WATER CONSERVATION
    • TABLE 34: HISTORICAL GLOBAL POPULATION AND POPULATION GROWTH, 1950-2014
    • TABLE 35: PROJECTED GLOBAL POPULATION AND POPULATION GROWTH RATE, 2014 TO 2100
  • WATER AND AGRICULTURE
    • TABLE 36: WATER FOOTPRINT OF SELECTED FOOD PRODUCTS, 2015 (LITERS)
  • WATER AND ENERGY
    • TABLE 37: GLOBAL PRIMARY ENERGY CONSUMPTION, 1980-2015 (QUADRILLION BTU)
  • WATER BECOMING MORE PRECIOUS
    • FRESHWATER RESOURCES DIMINISHING
    • WATER POLLUTION
  • WATER SCARCITY AND WATER STRESS
    • WATER SCARCITY
    • WATER STRESS
      • TABLE 38: TOP TWENTY COUNTRIES UNDER MOST STRESS (% OF LAND AREA)
    • WATER RESOURCES VARY DRAMATICALLY AROUND THE WORLD
      • TABLE 39: GLOBAL RENEWABLE WATER RESOURCES PER CAPITA BY COUNTRY, 1992-2017 (CUBIC METERS/INHABITANT/YEAR)
  • GLOBAL WATER CONSUMPTION INCREASING
    • PERCENT OF FRESHWATER WITHDRAWALS VARIES CONSIDERABLY
      • TABLE 40: 100 COUNTRIES THAT WITHDRAW THE HIGHEST PERCENTAGE OF THEIR RENEWABLE FRESHWATER RESOURCES (%)
    • OIL AND GAS PRODUCERS NOT ALWAYS WATER RICH
      • TABLE 41: TOP 25 GLOBAL OIL PRODUCERS AND THEIR WATER RESOURCES, 2013 AND 2014 (M3/INHABITANTS/YEAR AND BILLION FT3 & %)
      • TABLE 42: TOP 25 GLOBAL GAS PRODUCERS AND THEIR WATER RESOURCES, 2012 AND 2014 (M3/INHABITANTS/YEAR AND BILLION FT3)
    • TYPE OF WATER USAGE DIRECTS WATER NEEDS
      • TABLE 43: TOP 25 OIL PRODUCING COUNTRIES AND THEIR WATER WITHDRAWAL USAGE, 2013 (109 M3/YR. AND '000 B/D)
      • TABLE 44: TOP 25 GAS PRODUCING COUNTRIES AND THEIR WATER WITHDRAWAL USAGE, 2012 (109 M3/YR. AND BILLION FT3)
    • PRODUCED WATER VOLUMES COMPARED TO OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION
      • TABLE 45: U.S. OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION AND WATER PRODUCED BY STATE, 2007 ('000 BL/YR. AND BILLION FT3/YR.)
      • TABLE 46: U.S. OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION AND PRODUCED WATER BY STATE, 2012 ('000 BL/YR. AND BILLION FT3/YR.)
      • TABLE 47: U.S. PRODUCED WATER BY STATE, 2007 AND 2012 ('000 BL PER YR. AND %)
      • TABLE 48: INCREASE OR DECREASE IN U.S. PRODUCED WATER COMPARED WITH OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION BY STATE, 2007 AND 2012 (%)
  • CLIMATE CHANGE AND DROUGHT GUIDE PWTE MARKET
    • INDIVIDUALS INVESTED IN PRODUCED WATER MANAGEMENT
      • TABLE 49: INDIVIDUALS INVESTED IN PRODUCED WATER MANAGEMENT
    • MORE STRINGENT REGULATIONS SPUR GROWTH IN PWTE MARKET
      • TABLE 50: CONSEQUENCES FOR FAILING TO MEET REGULATIONS
  • U.S. REGULATORY GLIMPSE
    • Federal Regulation for the Underground Injection Control (UIC) Program
      • Enhanced Recovery Wells
      • Disposal Wells
      • Hydrocarbon Storage Wells
  • WATER VOLUME INCREASES AS WELLS AGE
  • SUPPORT FOR PWTE
  • LIABILITIES ASSOCIATED WITH PWTE INSTILL FEAR
  • FRACKING UNDER SCRUTINY
    • TABLE 51: CHEMICALS USED IN HYDRAULIC FRACTURING
  • FRACKING AND SEISMIC CONCERNS
    • U.S.
      • Oklahoma
      • Texas
      • Colorado and New Mexico
      • Arkansas
      • Ohio
      • California
        • TABLE 52: NUMBER OF ACTIVE AND NEW WASTEWATER INJECTION WELLS IN CALIFORNIA OVER THE LAST 200 YEARS
  • SHALE GAS BOOM
    • TABLE 53: RECOVERABLE SHALE OIL RESOURCES FOR TOP 10 COUNTRIES, 2013 (BILLION BARRELS)
    • TABLE 54: RECOVERABLE SHALE GAS RESOURCES FOR TOP 10 COUNTRIES, 2013 (TRILLION CUBIC FEET)
    • FIGURE 1 BASINS WITH SHALE OIL AND SHALE GAS FORMATIONS, 2013
  • SHALE GAS IN THE U.S.
    • TABLE 55: SHALE GAS RESERVES IN THE U.S. BY STATE, 2013 (BILLION CUBIC FEET PER DAY/%)
    • TABLE 56: SHALE GAS PRODUCTION IN THE U.S., 2008-2013 (BILLION CUBIC FEET)
  • SHALE GAS RESOURCES IN CANADA
    • SHALE GAS PRODUCED WATER TREATMENTS
      • TABLE 57: SHALE GAS PRODUCED WATER TREATMENTS
  • BIG PUSH FOR REDUCE, RECYCLE, REUSE MECHANISMS
  • ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS GUIDE RELATED TO PWTE
    • ILLEGAL AND LEGAL DISCHARGES
    • CONCERNS OVER PRODUCED WATER SPILLS
    • LEAK DETECTION TACTICS
  • INJECTION METHODS FAVORED
    • U.S.
      • TABLE 58: NUMBER OF CLASS II UNDERGROUND INJECTION WELLS IN U.S. BY STATE, 2011
      • TABLE 59: NUMBER OF CLASS II UNDERGROUND INJECTION WELLS IN U.S. BY TRIBE AND STATE, 2011
  • WATER MEASUREMENT TOOLS FOR THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY
    • COSTS ASSOCIATED WITH PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT
      • TABLE 60: COST CONSIDERATIONS ASSOCIATED WITH PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT
  • WATER TRANSPORTATION COSTLY, INSPIRING ON-SITE TREATMENT
  • SUCCESSFUL PROJECTS BODE WELL FOR PWTE INDUSTRY

CHAPTER 6 - NORTH AMERICAN MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH

  • FIGURE 2: TYPES OF APPLICATIONS OF NORTH AMERICAN PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT MARKET
  • FIGURE 3: TYPES OF TREATMENT STAGES OF NORTH AMERICAN PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT MARKET
  • FIGURE 4: TYPES OF LOCATIONS OF NORTH AMERICAN PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT MARKET
  • FIGURE 5: TYPES OF HYDROCARBON RESOURCES OF NORTH AMERICAN PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT MARKET
  • MARKET BY APPLICATION
    • TABLE 61: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 6: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT BY APPLICATION, 2014 AND 2020 (%)
  • OIL FIELDS
    • TABLE 62: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR OIL FIELDS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS/%)
    • FIGURE 7: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR OIL FIELDS, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • GAS FIELDS
    • TABLE 63: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR GAS FIELDS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS/%)
    • FIGURE 8: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR GAS FIELDS, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • MARKET BY TREATMENT STAGES
    • TABLE 64: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT BY TREATMENT STAGES, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 9: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT BY TREATMENT STAGES, 2014 AND 2020 (%)
  • PRIMARY AND SECONDARY TREATMENT
    • TABLE 65: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR PRIMARY AND SECONDARY TREATMENT, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS/%)
    • FIGURE 10: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR PRIMARY AND SECONDARY TREATMENT, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • TERTIARY TREATMENT
    • TABLE 66: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR TERTIARY TREATMENT, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS/%)
    • FIGURE 11: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR TERTIARY TREATMENT, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • ENHANCED TREATMENT
    • TABLE 67: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR ENHANCED TREATMENT, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS/%)
    • FIGURE 12: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR ENHANCED TREATMENT, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • MARKET BY LOCATION
    • TABLE 68: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT BY TYPE OF LOCATION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 13: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT BY TYPE OF LOCATION, 2014 AND 2020 (%)
  • ONSHORE LOCATIONS
    • TABLE 69: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR ONSHORE LOCATIONS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS/%)
    • FIGURE 14: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR ONSHORE LOCATIONS, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • OFFSHORE LOCATIONS
    • TABLE 70: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR OFFSHORE LOCATIONS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS/%)
    • FIGURE 15: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR OFFSHORE LOCATIONS, 2014 TO 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • MARKET BY HYDROCARBON RESOURCE
    • TABLE 71: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT BY TYPE OF HYDROCARBON RESOURCE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 16: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT BY TYPE OF HYDROCARBON RESOURCE, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • CONVENTIONAL OIL
    • TABLE 72: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR CONVENTIONAL OIL, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS/%)
    • FIGURE 17: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR CONVENTIONAL OIL, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • OIL SANDS
    • TABLE 73: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR OIL SANDS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS/%)
    • FIGURE 18: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR OIL SANDS, 2014 TO 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • CONVENTIONAL GAS
    • TABLE 74: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR CONVENTIONAL GAS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS/%)
    • FIGURE 19: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR CONVENTIONAL GAS, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • COAL-BED METHANE
    • TABLE 75: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR COAL-BED METHANE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 20: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR COAL-BED METHANE, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • TIGHT OIL
    • TABLE 76: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR TIGHT OIL, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS/%)
    • FIGURE 21: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR TIGHT OIL, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • SHALE GAS
    • TABLE 77: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR SHALE GAS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS/%)
    • FIGURE 22: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR SHALE GAS, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)

CHAPTER 7 - COMPANY PROFILES

  • 212 RESOURCES LLC
  • ADVANCED WATER TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES SERVICES INC.
  • AKER SOLUTIONS ASA
  • ALDERLEY PLC
  • ALTELA INC.
  • AMCOL INTERNATIONAL CORP.
  • AQUA EWP LLC
  • AQUA-PURE VENTURES INC.
  • AQUATECH INTERNATIONAL CORP.
  • AVANTECH INC.
  • CAMERON INTERNATIONAL CORP.
  • DPS GLOBAL
  • DRAKE WATER TECHNOLOGIES INC.
  • ECOSPHERE TECHNOLOGIES INC.
  • ECO-TEC INC.
  • ENVIRO-TECH SYSTEMS LLC
  • ENVIROCHEMIE GMBH
  • EPROCESS TECHNOLOGIES PTY. LTD.
  • EXTERRAN HOLDINGS INC.
  • FILTERBOXX WATER AND ENVIRONMENTAL CORP.
  • FLSMIDTH & CO. A/S
  • FMC TECHNOLOGIES INC.
  • GE WATER & PROCESS TECHNOLOGIES
  • GENESIS WATER TECHNOLOGIES INC.
  • GEO-PROCESSORS PTY. LTD.
  • GEOPURE HYDROTECHNOLOGIES LLC
  • GLOBAL PROCESS SYSTEMS LLC
  • GRADEK ENERGY INC.
  • HALLIBURTON CO.
  • HAMWORTHY PLC.
  • HYDRATION TECHNOLOGY INNOVATIONS LLC
  • LAYNE CHRISTENSEN
  • MYCELX TECHNOLOGIES CORP.
  • NATURE GROUP PLC.
  • NEW LOGIC RESEARCH INC.
  • NATIONAL OILWELL VARCO
  • NUGLOBAL WATER SOLUTIONS LLC
  • OVIVO INC.
  • PETRO TECHNA INTERNATIONAL LTD.
  • PROCESS GROUP INTERNATIONAL LTD.
  • PROSEP INC.
  • PURESTREAM TECHNOLOGY LLC
  • SAIPEM SPA
  • SEVERN TRENT SERVICES
  • SIEMENS WATER SOLUTIONS
  • SOUTHWATER LLC
  • SWACO, M-I
  • TRANSVAC SYSTEMS LTD
  • VEOLIA WATER SOLUTIONS & TECHNOLOGIES
  • VME PROCESS INC.
  • WASTEWATER RESOURCES INC.
  • WATER & POWER TECHNOLOGIES INC.
  • WATER STANDARD CO.
  • WATERTECTONICS INC.

LIST OF TABLES

  • SUMMARY TABLE A: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • SUMMARY TABLE B: SUMMARY TABLE B SHALE GAS PRODUCTION IN THE U.S., 2008-2013 (BILLION CUBIC FEET)
  • SUMMARY TABLE C: SUMMARY TABLE C APPLICATIONS FOR RECYCLING AND REUSE OF PRODUCED WATER
  • TABLE 1: TDS CONTENT OF PRODUCED WATER FROM MARCELLUS SHALE WELLS OVER A PERIOD OF 90 DAYS (MILLIGRAMS PER LITER/%)
  • TABLE 2: GLOBAL PETROLEUM RESERVES BY REGION, 2014 (BILLION BARRELS)
  • TABLE 3: GLOBAL NATURAL GAS RESERVES BY REGION, 2014 (TRILLION CUBIC FEET)
  • TABLE 4: GLOBAL OIL PRODUCTION FOR TOP 100 OIL PRODUCING COUNTRIES, 2009-2013 (THOUSAND BARRELS PER DAY)
  • TABLE 5: GLOBAL NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION FOR TOP 100 GROSS NATURAL GAS PRODUCING COUNTRIES, 2009-2012 (BILLION CUBIC FEET)
  • TABLE 6: U.S. PRODUCED WATER VOLUME BY STATE, 2007 AND 2012 (THOUSAND BARRELS PER YEAR/%)
  • TABLE 7: OIL CONTENT OF GLOBAL DISCHARGED PRODUCED WATER IN ONSHORE APPLICATIONS BY REGION, 2013 (MILLIGRAMS PER LITER OF PRODUCED WATER)
  • TABLE 8: TENORM RADIATION LEVELS BY WASTE TYPE (PICOCURIE PER GRAM)
  • TABLE 9: COMMON ELEMENTS FOUND IN PRODUCED WATER
  • TABLE 10: PRODUCED WATER QUALITY BASED ON TDS BY WATER TYPE (MILLIGRAMS PER LITER)
  • TABLE 11: PRODUCED WATER VOLUME AND QUALITY REQUIREMENTS BY PRODUCTION TYPE
  • TABLE 12: USES FOR PRODUCED WATER
  • TABLE 13: PERCENTAGE OF GLOBAL PRODUCED WATER RE-INJECTED ONSHORE BY REGION, 2013 (%)
  • TABLE 14: PERCENTAGE OF GLOBAL PRODUCED WATER RE-INJECTED OFFSHORE BY REGION, 2013 (%)
  • TABLE 15: SUITABLE TECHNOLOGIES FOR REDUCING PRODUCED WATER VOLUMES
  • TABLE 16: APPLICATIONS FOR RECYCLING AND REUSE OF PRODUCED WATER
  • TABLE 17: SUITABLE DISPOSAL METHODS FOR PRODUCED WATER
  • TABLE 18: TYPICAL WATER TREATMENT STAGES OF PRODUCED WATER IN THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY
  • TABLE 19: EQUIPMENT SELECTION BASED ON SIZE OF PARTICLES REMOVED (MICRONS)
  • TABLE 20: TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES FOR PRODUCED WATER
  • TABLE 21: BENEFITS AND DRAWBACKS OF MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGIES
  • TABLE 22: BENEFITS AND DRAWBACKS OF THERMAL TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES
  • TABLE 23: BENEFITS AND DRAWBACKS OF ION EXCHANGE TECHNOLOGY
  • TABLE 24: BENEFITS AND DRAWBACKS OF PHYSICAL SEPARATION TECHNOLOGIES
  • TABLE 25: BENEFITS AND DRAWBACKS OF COALESCENCE TECHNOLOGY
  • TABLE 26: BENEFITS AND DRAWBACKS OF FLOTATION TECHNOLOGIES
  • TABLE 27: BENEFITS AND DRAWBACKS OF ADSORPTION TECHNOLOGIES
  • TABLE 28: TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES USED FOR THE REMOVAL OF DISSOLVED ORGANICS
  • TABLE 29: TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES USED FOR THE REMOVAL OF METALS
  • TABLE 30: TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES USED FOR THE REMOVAL OF SUSPENDED SOLIDS
  • TABLE 31: DE-OILING TECHNOLOGIES FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT
  • TABLE 32: DESALINATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT
  • TABLE 33: DISINFECTION TECHNOLOGIES FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT
  • TABLE 34: HISTORICAL GLOBAL POPULATION AND POPULATION GROWTH, 1950-2014
  • TABLE 35: PROJECTED GLOBAL POPULATION AND POPULATION GROWTH RATE, 2014 TO 2100
  • TABLE 36: WATER FOOTPRINT OF SELECTED FOOD PRODUCTS, 2015 (LITERS)
  • TABLE 37: GLOBAL PRIMARY ENERGY CONSUMPTION, 1980-2015 (QUADRILLION BTU)
  • TABLE 38: TOP TWENTY COUNTRIES UNDER MOST STRESS (% OF LAND AREA)
  • TABLE 39: GLOBAL RENEWABLE WATER RESOURCES PER CAPITA BY COUNTRY, 1992-2017 (CUBIC METERS/INHABITANT/YEAR)
  • TABLE 40: 100 COUNTRIES THAT WITHDRAW THE HIGHEST PERCENTAGE OF THEIR RENEWABLE FRESHWATER RESOURCES (%)
  • TABLE 41: TOP 25 GLOBAL OIL PRODUCERS AND THEIR WATER RESOURCES, 2013 AND 2014 (M3/INHABITANTS/YEAR AND BILLION FT3 & %)
  • TABLE 42: TOP 25 GLOBAL GAS PRODUCERS AND THEIR WATER RESOURCES, 2012 AND 2014 (M3/INHABITANTS/YEAR AND BILLION FT3)
  • TABLE 43: TOP 25 OIL PRODUCING COUNTRIES AND THEIR WATER WITHDRAWAL USAGE, 2013 (109 M3/YR. AND '000 B/D)
  • TABLE 44: TOP 25 GAS PRODUCING COUNTRIES AND THEIR WATER WITHDRAWAL USAGE, 2012 (109 M3/YR. AND BILLION FT3)
  • TABLE 45: U.S. OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION AND WATER PRODUCED BY STATE, 2007 ('000 BL/YR. AND BILLION FT3/YR.)
  • TABLE 46: U.S. OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION AND PRODUCED WATER BY STATE, 2012 ('000 BL/YR. AND BILLION FT3/YR.)
  • TABLE 47: U.S. PRODUCED WATER BY STATE, 2007 AND 2012 ('000 BL PER YR. AND %)
  • TABLE 48: INCREASE OR DECREASE IN U.S. PRODUCED WATER COMPARED WITH OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION BY STATE, 2007 AND 2012 (%)
  • TABLE 49: INDIVIDUALS INVESTED IN PRODUCED WATER MANAGEMENT
  • TABLE 50: CONSEQUENCES FOR FAILING TO MEET REGULATIONS
  • TABLE 51: CHEMICALS USED IN HYDRAULIC FRACTURING
  • TABLE 52: NUMBER OF ACTIVE AND NEW WASTEWATER INJECTION WELLS IN CALIFORNIA OVER THE LAST 200 YEARS
  • TABLE 53: RECOVERABLE SHALE OIL RESOURCES FOR TOP 10 COUNTRIES, 2013 (BILLION BARRELS)
  • TABLE 54: RECOVERABLE SHALE GAS RESOURCES FOR TOP 10 COUNTRIES, 2013 (TRILLION CUBIC FEET)
  • TABLE 55: SHALE GAS RESERVES IN THE U.S. BY STATE, 2013 (BILLION CUBIC FEET PER DAY/%)
  • TABLE 56: SHALE GAS PRODUCTION IN THE U.S., 2008-2013 (BILLION CUBIC FEET)
  • TABLE 57: SHALE GAS PRODUCED WATER TREATMENTS
  • TABLE 58: NUMBER OF CLASS II UNDERGROUND INJECTION WELLS IN U.S. BY STATE, 2011
  • TABLE 59: NUMBER OF CLASS II UNDERGROUND INJECTION WELLS IN U.S. BY TRIBE AND STATE, 2011
  • TABLE 60: COST CONSIDERATIONS ASSOCIATED WITH PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT
  • TABLE 61: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 62: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR OIL FIELDS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS/%)
  • TABLE 63: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR GAS FIELDS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS/%)
  • TABLE 64: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT BY TREATMENT STAGES, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 65: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR PRIMARY AND SECONDARY TREATMENT, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS/%)
  • TABLE 66: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR TERTIARY TREATMENT, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS/%)
  • TABLE 67: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR ENHANCED TREATMENT, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS/%)
  • TABLE 68: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT BY TYPE OF LOCATION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 69: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR ONSHORE LOCATIONS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS/%)
  • TABLE 70: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR OFFSHORE LOCATIONS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS/%)
  • TABLE 71: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT BY TYPE OF HYDROCARBON RESOURCE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 72: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR CONVENTIONAL OIL, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS/%)
  • TABLE 73: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR OIL SANDS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS/%)
  • TABLE 74: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR CONVENTIONAL GAS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS/%)
  • TABLE 75: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR COAL-BED METHANE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 76: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR TIGHT OIL, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS/%)
  • TABLE 77: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR SHALE GAS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS/%)

LIST OF FIGURES

  • SUMMARY FIGURE: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT BY APPLICATION, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 1: BASINS WITH SHALE OIL AND SHALE GAS FORMATIONS, 2013
    • FIGURE 2: TYPES OF APPLICATIONS OF NORTH AMERICAN PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT MARKET
    • FIGURE 3: TYPES OF TREATMENT STAGES OF NORTH AMERICAN PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT MARKET
    • FIGURE 4: TYPES OF LOCATIONS OF NORTH AMERICAN PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT MARKET
    • FIGURE 5: TYPES OF HYDROCARBON RESOURCES OF NORTH AMERICAN PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT MARKET
    • FIGURE 6: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT BY APPLICATION, 2014 AND 2020 (%)
    • FIGURE 7: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR OIL FIELDS, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 8: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR GAS FIELDS, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 9: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT BY TREATMENT STAGES, 2014 AND 2020 (%)
    • FIGURE 10: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR PRIMARY AND SECONDARY TREATMENT, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 11: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR TERTIARY TREATMENT, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 12: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR ENHANCED TREATMENT, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 13: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT BY TYPE OF LOCATION, 2014 AND 2020 (%)
    • FIGURE 14: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR ONSHORE LOCATIONS, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 15: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR OFFSHORE LOCATIONS, 2014 TO 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 16: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT BY TYPE OF HYDROCARBON RESOURCE, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 17: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR CONVENTIONAL OIL, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 18: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR OIL SANDS, 2014 TO 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 19: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR CONVENTIONAL GAS, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 20: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR COAL-BED METHANE, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 21: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR TIGHT OIL, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 22: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FOR SHALE GAS, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
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