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市場調査レポート

化学製品・エネルギー生産のためのGTL加工

Gas-to-Liquids Processes for Chemicals and Energy Production

発行 BCC Research 商品コード 237070
出版日 ページ情報 英文 236 Pages
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化学製品・エネルギー生産のためのGTL加工 Gas-to-Liquids Processes for Chemicals and Energy Production
出版日: 2015年03月18日 ページ情報: 英文 236 Pages
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BCC Research社のレポートは、Reuter、Wall Street Journal、Fortuneなどで引用されることも多く、それぞれの業界の識者の意見として重きを置かれています。同社レポートを複数冊ご購入の場合年間パッケージのご契約がお得です。詳細は右の担当者のおすすめ商品よりご覧下さい。
概要

GTL(gas-to-liquids)、CTL(coal-to-liquids)およびBTL(biomass-to-liquids)技術を利用して生産された製品の世界における総額は、2014年に84億米ドル、2015年には86億米ドルとなる見込みです。今後、2015年から2020年の5年間はCAGR6.5%で拡大し、2020年までに118億米ドルへ増加すると予測されています。GTLプロセスによって生産された製品の市場額は、2014年に54億米ドルとなりました。2015年から2020年間はCAGR6.6%で拡大し、2020年には77億米ドルに達すると見られています。

当レポートでは、世界のGTL技術・製品市場について調査し、市場の概要、産業構造、競合情勢、製品タイプ・用途・生産技術別の需要予測、および規制環境の分析をお届けいたします。

第1章 イントロダクション

第2章 サマリー

第3章 概要

  • 輸送部門における天然ガスとGTL
  • ストランデッドガスの規模・場所
  • 投資状況
  • 炭素規制とGTL市場の展望
  • GTLプロセスの導入促進因子
  • 最近の活動の概要
  • 中東のストランデッドガス
  • プロジェクトリスト
  • GTL産業の歴史
  • LNG市場
  • CTL
  • GTL技術
  • 水素の変換とメタン生成

第4章 産業構造・競合的発展

  • 第1層:大手開発業者・特許権者
  • 第2層:部品および技術サービスサプライヤー
  • 第3層:開発段階企業
  • 科学・政府・教育機関

第5章 GTL製品の需要予測

  • 製品概要
  • 非在来型燃料の総市場
  • FT GTL燃料の需要:製品タイプ別
  • FT GTL化学製品の需要:製品タイプ別
  • GTL化学製品の加工
  • メタノール市場
  • GTL製品:ワックス
  • GTL製品:潤滑油
  • GTLと競合する見込みの燃料
  • 増加する世界のLNG需要
  • 資源開発政策:GTLプラント向け供給の影響
  • CTL
  • BTLの開発
  • 欧州におけるBTLプロジェクト
  • バイオ燃料および再生可能バイオ燃料
  • その他の合成原油

第6章 規制促進因子:マクロ環境

  • 初期の合成燃料法
  • 2007年〜2014年の発展・減税政策
  • 二酸化炭素排出量が法・規制の優先事項に
  • 燃料の二酸化炭素排出量に関連する州のイニシアチブ
  • 燃料規格はGTLの導入を促進
  • 初期のイニシアチブ
  • GTLの研究・開発のための政府資金
  • 液体水素燃料イニシアチブによる合成ガスの研究資金

第7章 新技術および特許活動

  • 新技術
  • 特許の概要
  • 注目の特許

図表

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目次
Product Code: EGY021D

The value of products produced by gas-to-liquid (GTL), coal-to-liquid (CTL) and biomass to liquid processes was worth $8.4 billion in 2014. This is expected to grow from $8.6 billion in 2015 to $11.8 billion in 2020, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 6.5% from 2015 to 2020.

This report provides:

  • An overview of the market for GTL processes for chemicals and energy production.
  • Analyses of market trends, with data from 2014, estimates for 2015, and projections of CAGRs through 2020.
  • Discussion on the use of GTL processes to produce ultraclean diesel fuels and high-quality chemical products such as waxes.
  • An assessment of the role of GTL as an enabling technology for the production of clean transportation fuels.
  • Quantification of the demand for GTL by type of output, application, and production technology.
  • Analysis of the competition GTL-derived fuels face including low-grade and synthetic petroleum, compressed natural gas (CNG), CTL, biofuels, electric vehicles (EVs), and hydrogen.

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REPORT SCOPE

SCOPE OF REPORT

An overall study of the GTL market was undertaken during the preparation of this report. All areas of the GTL market are addressed, including identification of current and future technologies, product types, market segments, and end markets. Legislation and government and regulatory agency involvement are analyzed. The producing companies are discussed in light of technological strengths and weaknesses, market shares, marketing strengths and innovative marketing practices.

This report, which is divided into seven sections, assesses and evaluates the demand and costs of GTL in the chemical and energy production markets. It begins with an overview that describes the importance of the GTL industry in relation to the overall U.S. economy, including a brief history and important indications for the GTL industry. Major products and applications are reviewed, and key findings from the study are presented.

Environmental and energy regulations as they apply to GTL are discussed. The structure of the GTL industry and competitive aspects are analyzed, including the driving forces of the industry. Key strategies for staying competitive and important shifts in the industry are assessed. GTL industry trade practices and the impact of GTL on the oil industry are covered.

GTL markets by product type are evaluated, including synfuels and chemicals. These are quantified with forecasts through 2020. Competing markets for gas are discussed, including liquefied natural gas (LNG) and natural gas liquid (NGL). GTL technology is presented by covering patents and markets and investments by technology type. These technology types include Shell Middle Distillate Synthesis (SMDS), Sasol Slurry Phase Distillate (SSPD), Exxon Mobil's Advanced Gas Conversion for the 21st Century (AGC-21) and Syntroleum process (SP). International GTL aspects also are considered, and major overseas companies involved in GTL processes and their activities are assessed.

ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS

Research analyst Kevin Gainer is the former managing editor of the BCC Research quarterly publication Energy Magazine. He holds both a Bachelor's degree and a Master's degree in quantitative economic analysis, and has 28 years of economics and market research experience, including nine years as an energy analyst at American Electric Power Corp. He is the author of five published books, as well as dozens of technical papers, analyses and studies published in conference proceedings and many unpublished within corporations. He has worked as research editor at BCC Research and has authored many BCC Research technology market research reports.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

  • STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
  • REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
  • INTENDED AUDIENCE
  • SCOPE OF REPORT
  • INFORMATION SOURCES
  • ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
  • RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
  • BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
  • DISCLAIMER

CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY

  • MAJOR FINDINGS
  • KEY FINDINGS OF THIS STUDY
  • SUMMARY TABLE MARKET FOR GAS-TO-LIQUID, COAL-TO-LIQUID AND BIOMASS TO LIQUID PRODUCTS, THROUGH 2020 ($ BILLIONS)
  • SUMMARY FIGURE MARKET FOR GAS-TO-LIQUID, COAL-TO-LIQUID AND BIOMASS TO LIQUID PRODUCTS, 2014-2020 ($ BILLIONS)

CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW

  • NATURAL GAS VERSUS GAS TO LIQUIDS IN THE TRANSPORTATION SECTOR
  • MAGNITUDE AND LOCATION OF STRANDED GAS
  • TABLE 1 GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF STRANDED NATURAL GAS RESOURCES BY REGION, 2014 (%)
  • TABLE 2 FLARED GAS VOLUMES FROM SATELLITE DATA, 2005-2011 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • INVESTMENT SITUATION
  • CARBON REGULATIONS AND GAS-TO-LIQUID MARKET PROSPECTS
  • FACTORS DRIVING ADOPTION OF GAS-TO-LIQUID PROCESSES
  • RECENT ACTIVITY OVERVIE
  • TABLE 3 KEY GAS-TO-LIQUID DEMONSTRATION PLANTS (BARRELS PER DAY)
    • VELOCYS COMMERCIAL GAS-TO-LIQUID PLANT IN OKLAHOMA
    • SASOL
    • RENTECH (SUNSHINE KAIDI NEW ENERGY GROUP CO. LTD.)
    • SYNTROLEUM CORP. (RENEWABLE ENERGY GROUP)
    • MITSUI OCEAN DEVELOPMENT AND ENGINEERING CO. LTD.
    • WORLD GTL
    • EXXON MOBIL
    • SHELL
  • STRANDED GAS IN THE MIDDLE EAST
    • QATAR
    • EGYPT
    • IRAN: GAS-TO-LIQUID IN THE CONTEXT OF SANCTIONS
  • PROJECT LIST
  • TABLE 4 GLOBAL PRINCIPAL GAS-TO-LIQUID PLANTS
  • TABLE 5 GLOBAL LARGE GASIFICATION PLANTS BY OUTPUT
  • GAS-TO-LIQUID INDUSTRY HISTORY
  • FIGURE 1 GAS-TO-LIQUID PRODUCTION OPTIONS, TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND CHEMICALS
  • TABLE 6 GLOBAL COMMERCIAL SYNFUEL CAPACITY (BARRELS PER DAY)
  • TABLE 7 COMPARATIVE FISCHER-TROPSCH MERITS AND DRAWBACKS
    • SHELL MIDDLE DISTILLATE SYNTHESIS
    • SASOL GAS-TO-LIQUID PROCESSES 3
    • SASOL COAL-TO-LIQUID PLANTS
    • STATOIL AND PETROSA
    • EXXON MOBIL'S ADVANCED GAS CONVERSION
    • SYNTROLEUM CORP.
    • BRITISH PETROLEUM PILOT PLANT IN ALASKA
    • CHOREN INDUSTRIES
    • SYNFUELS INTERNATIONAL
    • CANMET ENERGY TECHNOLOGY CENTER
    • COMPACTGTL
  • LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS MARKETS
  • COAL TO LIQUIDS
    • GASIFICATION
    • SRI INTERNATIONAL ALTERNATIVE TO FISCHER-TROPSCH
    • NATIONAL ENERGY TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY STUDY
    • AEROJET ROCKETDYNE INC.
    • ALSTOM POWER INC.
    • SOUTHERN RESEARCH INSTITUTE SMALL-SCALE COAL BIOMASS LIQUID PRODUCTION
    • BAARD ENERGY CTL PLANT
  • TABLE 8 OPERATING AND PLANNED LARGE COAL GASIFICATION AND COAL-TO-LIQUID PLANT STATUS, 2014
  • TABLE 9 GLOBAL PLANNED GASIFICATION UNITS, NOVEMBER 2014
  • GAS-TO-LIQUID TECHNOLOGIES
    • INTRODUCTION
    • TECHNOLOGIES AND PRODUCTION COSTS
    • GAS-TO-LIQUID PLANT SCALES
    • GAS-TO-LIQUID OUTPUTS
    • REFORMING
      • Adiabatic Prereforming
      • Tubular Reforming
      • Advanced Reforming
      • Sulfur-Passivated Reforming
      • Catalytic Partial Oxidation
      • Two-Step Reforming
      • Heat-Exchange Reforming
      • Catalyst Developments
  • HYDROGEN SHIFT CONVERSION AND METHANATION
    • SHIFT CONVERSION
    • METHANATION

CHAPTER 4 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND COMPETITIVE DEVELOPMENTS

  • TIER 1-LARGE DEVELOPERS AND PATENT HOLDERS
    • BP
    • CHEVRON CORP.
    • CONOCOPHILLIPS CO.
    • EXXON MOBIL CORP.
    • GTL.F1 AG
    • IFP ENERGIES NOUVELLES
    • LINC ENERGY LTD.
    • MARATHON OIL CORP.
    • METHANEX CORP.
    • PETROSA
    • REPSOL
    • ROYAL DUTCH SHELL PLC
    • SASOL CHEVRON
    • SASOL SYNFUELS INTERNATIONAL
    • STATOIL
    • TOTAL
  • TIER 2: COMPONENT AND ENGINEERING SERVICE SUPPLIERS
    • ABB, LTD
    • AIR LIQUIDE GROUP
    • AIR PRODUCTS AND CHEMICALS INC.
    • AMEC FOSTER WHEELER
    • AXENS
    • BASF CORP.
    • BLACK & VEATCH HOLDING CO.
    • CHICAGO BRIDGE & IRON COMPANY N.V.
    • CRYOMECH INC.
    • DESCON ENGINEERING CO. INC.
    • DOW CHEMICAL CO.
    • ELTRON RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT INC.
    • EPIC SYSTEMS INC.
    • FLUOR CORP.
    • FMC TECHNOLOGIES
    • FOSTER WHEELER CORP.
    • HALDOR TOPSOE A/S
    • HATCH
    • JACOBS ENGINEERING
    • JAPAN OIL, GAS, AND METALS NATIONAL CORP.
    • JOHNSON MATTHEY CATALYSTS
    • KAWASAKI HEAVY INDUSTRIES
    • KINETICS TECHNOLOGY INTERNATIONAL CORP. INC.
    • LINDE GROUP
    • LURGI AG
    • MITSUI OCEAN DEVELOPMENT & ENGINEERING CO. LTD.
    • NIPPON STEEL CORP.
    • PALL CORP.
    • PRAXAIR INC.
    • SIEMENS AG
    • STORK
    • SUMITOMO CORP.
    • SYNFUELS INTERNATIONAL INC.
    • TECHNIP
    • UOP LLC
    • VELOCYS
    • ZETON INC.
  • TIER 3: DEVELOPMENT-STAGE COMPANIES
    • ACCELERGY CORP.
    • ALEPH SCIENCES GROUP
    • ANELLOTECH INC.
    • BIOFUELS POWER CORP.
    • BLUEFIRE RENEWABLES INC.
    • CALYSTA ENERGY
    • CARBON SCIENCES INC.
    • COMPACTGTL PLC
    • EMBERCLEAR
    • GAS2 LTD.
    • G2X ENERGY INC.
    • GAS TECHNOLOGIES LLC
    • GREYROCK ENERGY INC.
    • GTL PARTNERS
    • HYDROGENICS CORP.
    • INFRA TECHNOLOGY LLC
    • INTREXON CORP.
    • JUNIPER GTL LLC
    • MARCELLUS GTL LLC
    • MAVERICK SYNFUELS
    • NESTE OIL OYJ
    • OBERON FUELS
    • PRIMUS GREEN ENERGY
    • REACTION 35 LLC.
    • RENEWABLE ENERGY GROUP INC.
    • SILURIA TECHNOLOGIES INC.
    • SUNDROP FUELS INC.
    • SYNTHESIS ENERGY SYSTEMS INC.
    • THERMOCHEM RECOVERY INTERNATIONAL
    • TRANSGAS DEVELOPMENT SYSTEMS LLC
    • VENTECH ENGINEERS INTERNATIONAL LLC
    • VIRENT
    • WORLD GTL 30
    • WYOMING GTL LLC
    • SCIENTIFIC, GOVERNMENT AND EDUCATION ORGANIZATIONS
    • ADVANCED MANUFACTURING OFFICE
    • ALASKA NATURAL RESOURCES TO LIQUIDS LLC
    • ALLIANCE FOR SYNTHETIC FUELS IN EUROPE
    • ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY
    • CANMETENERGY TECHNOLOGY CENTER
    • IDAHO NATIONAL LABORATORY
    • INSTITUT FRANCAIS DU PETROLE
    • JAPAN-GTL CONSORTIUM
    • LEHIGH UNIVERSITY
    • NATIONAL ENERGY TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
    • NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY
    • OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY
    • OFFICE OF FOSSIL ENERGY
    • UNIVERSITY OF HOUSTON
    • UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY

CHAPTER 5 GAS-TO-LIQUID PRODUCT DEMAND FORECASTS

  • PRODUCT OVERVIEW
  • TABLE 10 MARKET FOR PRODUCTS PRODUCED BY GAS-TO-LIQUID, COAL-TO-LIQUID AND BIOMASS-TO-LIQUID METHODS, THROUGH 2020 ($ BILLIONS)
  • TOTAL UNCONVENTIONAL FUEL MARKET
  • TABLE 11 GLOBAL UNCONVENTIONAL LIQUID FUEL MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION BARRELS PER DAY)
  • FISCHER-TROPSCH GAS-TO-LIQUID FUEL DEMAND BY PRODUCT TYPE
    • DIESEL
    • GASOLINE
    • OTHER GAS-TO-LIQUID PRODUCTS
    • TABLE 12 FISCHER-TROPSCH GAS-TO-LIQUID TRANSPORTATION FUELS MARKET BY PRODUCT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ BILLIONS)
  • FISCHER-TROPSCH GAS-TO-LIQUID CHEMICAL DEMAND BY PRODUCT TYPE
  • TABLE 13 FISCHER-TROPSCH GAS-TO-LIQUID CHEMICAL MARKET BY PRODUCT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ BILLIONS)
  • GAS-TO-LIQUID CHEMICAL PROCESSING
  • METHANOL MARKET
    • METHANOL-TO-GASOLINE PROCESS
      • Natgasoline Methanol-to-Gasoline Plant
      • DKRW Advanced Fuels LLC Methanol-to-Gasoline Plant
      • Other Methanol-to-Gasoline Projects
  • GAS-TO-LIQUID PRODUCTS: WAXES
  • GAS-TO-LIQUID PRODUCTS: LUBRICANTS
  • FUELS THAT WILL COMPETE WITH GAS TO LIQUIDS
  • GROWING GLOBAL LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS DEMAND
    • CHANGING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS PROJECT ECONOMICS
    • GLOBAL DEMAND FOR NATURAL GAS
  • RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT POLICIES: EFFECT ON SUPPLY FOR GAS-TO-LIQUID PLANTS
  • COAL-TO-LIQUIDS
  • FIGURE 2 TWO APPROACHES TO PRODUCING LIQUID FUELS FROM COALS
  • COAL-TO-LIQUID PROJECT ECONOMICS
  • BIOMASS-TO-LIQUID DEVELOPMENTS
    • OVERVIEW
    • TABLE 14 COMMERCIAL BIOMASS-BASED GASIFICATION PLANTS, 2014
  • BIOMASS-TO-LIQUID PROJECTS IN EUROPE
    • BRITISH AIRWAYS GREENSKY PROJECT
    • BIOTFUEL BIOMASS-TO-LIQUID DEMONSTRATION PROJECT
    • BIOLIQ PILOT PLANT AT KARLSRHUE
    • CEA/AIR LIQUIDE SYNDIESE-BTS PROJECT, BURE-SAUDRON
    • FULCRUM BIOENERGY SIERRA BIOFUELS MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE TO JET FUEL AND DIESEL FACILITY
    • COOL PLANET REFORMATE COMMERCIAL FACILITY IN LOUISIANA
    • PETROCHEMICALS FROM BIOMASS
    • BIOMASS-TO-LIQUID GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY
  • BIOFUELS AND RENEWABLE BIOFUELS
    • ETHANOL
    • BIODIESEL
  • OTHER SYNTHETIC CRUDE OILS
    • OIL SANDS
    • EXTRA-HEAVY OIL
    • SHALE OIL

CHAPTER 6 REGULATORY DRIVERS: THE MACRO ENVIRONMENT

  • EARLY SYNTHETIC FUEL LEGISLATION
  • DEVELOPMENTS AND TAX INCENTIVES, 2007 TO 2014
  • CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS TO BECOME A PRIORITY IN LAW AND REGULATION
  • STATE INITIATIVES RELATIVE TO FUEL CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS
  • FUEL STANDARDS ARE DRIVING THE ADOPTION OF GAS TO LIQUID
  • EARLIER INITIATIVES
  • GOVERNMENT FUNDING FOR GAS-TO-LIQUID RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
  • SNYGAS RESEARCH FUNDING VIA THE HYDROGEN FUEL INITIATIVE

CHAPTER 7 NEW TECHNOLOGY AND PATENT ACTIVITY

  • NEW TECHNOLOGY
    • FAST-HYDROPYROLYSIS-HYDRODEOXYGENATION TO GENERATE BIOMASS-TO-LIQUID FUEL
    • NEW METHANE CONVERSION TECHNOLOGY
    • ENZYME ENGINEERING FOR FUEL CONVERSION
  • PATENT OVERVIEW
  • TABLE 15 COMPANIES ASSIGNED MULTIPLE U.S. PATENTS RELATING TO GAS-TO-LIQUID PRODUCTION, 2008-2014
  • NOTEWORTHY PATENTS
    • MAGNETIC SEPARATION COMBINED WITH DYNAMIC SETTLING FOR FISCHER-TROPSCH PROCESSES
    • MONETIZING REMOTE GAS USING HIGH-ENERGY MATERIALS
    • SECOND-STAGE FISCHER-TROPSCH REACTION SYSTEM TO ENHANCE THE CONVERSION OF SYNTHETIC GAS
    • NATURAL GAS TO LIQUID FUELS
    • SLURRY BED FISCHER-TROPSCH CATALYSTS WITH SILICA/ALUMINA STRUCTURAL PROMOTERS
    • PROCESS OF CONVERTING GASEOUS HYDROCARBONS TO A LIQUID HYDROCARBON COMPOSITION
    • PROCESS FOR MAKING BASESTOCKS FROM RENEWABLE FEEDSTOCKS
    • MICRO-CHANNEL REACTOR FOR PRODUCING SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS
    • PROCESS AND APPARATUS EMPLOYING MICROCHANNEL PROCESS TECHNOLOGY
    • SABATIER PROCESS AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING EXOTHERMIC REACTION
    • METHOD FOR IMPROVING THE CORROSION INHIBITING PROPERTIES OF LUBRICANT COMPOSITIONS
    • SINGLE-LOOP MULTISTAGE FUEL PRODUCTION
    • SYNGAS PRODUCTION THROUGH THE USE OF MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGIES
    • SOOT CONTROL FOR DIESEL ENGINE LUBRICANTS
    • OIL-IN-OIL COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS OF MAKING
    • FISCHER-TROSPCH AND OXYGENATE SYNTHESIS CATALYST ACTIVATION/REGENERATION IN A MICRO-SCALE PROCESS
    • HYDROGENATING PRE-REFORMER IN SYNTHESIS GAS PRODUCTION PROCESSES
    • MICROCHANNEL COMPRESSION REACTOR
    • METHOD FOR HAZE MITIGATION AND FILTERABILITY IMPROVEMENT FOR BASE STOCKS
    • PRODUCTION METHOD OF LIQUID HYDROCARBONS FROM NATURAL GAS
    • METHOD FOR EFFICIENT USE OF HEAT FROM TUBULAR REFORMER
    • OPERATION METHOD OF SYNTHESIS GAS REFORMER IN GTL PLANT
    • TRACKING FEEDSTOCK PRODUCTION WITH MICRO-SCALE GAS-TO-LIQUID UNITS
    • PRODUCTION METHOD OF LIQUID HYDROCARBONS FROM NATURAL GAS
    • ENHANCEMENT OF LOW-TEMPRATURE PERFORMANCE OF GROUP III BASE STOCKS BY BLENDING WITH HVI-PAO
    • ISOLATION AND SUBSEQUENT UTILIZATION OF SATURATED FATTY ACIDS AND ALPHA-OLEFINS IN THE PRODUCTION OF ESTER-BASED BIOLUBRICANTS
    • PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF HYBRID CATALYSTS FOR FISCHER-TROPSCH SYNTHESIS AND HYBRID CATALYST PRODUCED ACCORDING TO SAID PROCESS
    • SYSTEMS, METHODS AND COMPOSITIONS FOR PRODUCTION OF SYNTHETIC HYDROCARBON COMPOUNDS
    • CATALYSTS FOR FISCHER-TROPSCH SYNTHESIS ON COBALT/PHOSPHORUS-ALUMINUM OXIDE AND PREPARATION METHODS THEREOF
    • COBALT-BASED CATALYST FOR FISCHER-TROPSCH SYNTHESIS
    • BUBBLE COLUMN-TYPE FISCHER-TROPSCH SYNTHESIS SLURRY BED REACTION SYSTEM
    • FISCHER-TROPSCH CATALYST
    • LOW-PRESSURE FISCHER-TROPSCH PROCESS
    • ACID TREATMENT OF A FISCHER-TROPSCH DERIVED HYDROCARBON STREAM
    • PROCESS FOR CONVERTING GASEOUS ALKANES TO OLEFINS AND LIQUID HYDROCARBONS
    • PROCESS FOR THE PURIFICATION OF AN AQUEOUS STREAM COMING FROM THE FISCHER-TROPSCH REACTION
    • PROCESS FOR STABILIZING THE PERFORMANCES OF A CATALYST FOR FISCHER TROPSCH REACTION
    • METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR REGENERATING AN IRON-BASED FISCHER-TROPSCH CATALYST
    • FISCHER-TROPSCH WAX COMPOSITION AND METHOD OF TRANSPORT
    • PRODUCTION OF LOW-SULFUR, MODERATELY AROMATIC DISTILLATE FUELS BY HYDROCRACKING OF COMBINED FISCHER-TROPSCH AND PETROLEUM STREAMS
    • ZEOLITE SUPPORTED COBALT HYBRID FISCHER-TROPSCH CATALYST
    • MICRO SCALE FISCHER-TROPSCH AND OXYGENATE SYNTHESIS PROCESS STARTUP UNIT
    • DEVICE FOR PRODUCING LIQUID HYDROCARBONS BY FISCHER-TROPSCH SYNTHESIS IN A THREE-PHASE BED REACTOR
    • ELECTROMECHANICAL FILTER FOR FISCHER-TROPSCH SYNTHESIS
    • PROCESS FOR IMPROVING THE LUBRICATING PROPERTIES OF BASE OILS USING A FISCHER-TROPSCH DERIVED BOTTOMS
    • APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF AMMONIA AND FISCHER-TROPSCH LIQUIDS
    • METHOD TO TRANSFORM BULK MATERIAL
    • FINISHED LUBRICANT WITH IMPROVED RUST INHIBITION MADE USING FISCHER-TROPSCH BASE OIL
    • FISCHER-TROPSCH CATALYST
    • PROCESS FOR MAKING FISCHER-TROPSCH OLEFINIC NAPHTHA AND HYDROGENATED DISTILLATES
    • PRODUCTION OF HYDROCARBONS FROM NATURAL GAS
    • FISCHER-TROPSCH PROCESS AND REACTOR ASSEMBLY
    • PROCESS TO BLEND A MINERAL- AND A FISCHER-TROPSCH-DERIVED PRODUCT ONBOARD A MARINE VESSEL
    • APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF AMMONIA AND FISCHER-TROPSCH LIQUIDS
    • MULTI STAGE FISCHER-TROPSCH PROCESS
    • PROCESS TO PREPARE A FISCHER-TROPSCH SYNTHESIS PRODUCT
    • FISCHER-TROPSCH-DERIVED TURBINE FUEL AND PROCESS FOR MAKING SAME
    • FISCHER-TROPSCH SYNTHESIS PROCESS WITH IMPROVED REGULATION
    • INTERNAL EXCHANGER FOR GAS-LIQUID-SOLID REACTOR FOR FISCHER-TROPSCH SYNTHESIS
    • PROCESS TO PREPARE A FISCHER-TROPSCH PRODUCT
    • FISCHER-TROPSCH CATALYSTS INCORPORATING PROMOTER FOR INCREASING YIELDS OF C5 HYDROCARBONS AND METHODS FOR MAKING AND USING SAME
    • DUAL CATALYST SYSTEM FOR HYDROISOMERIZATION OF FISCHER-TROPSCH WAX AND WAXY RAFFINATE
    • METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION OF MIDDLE DISTILLATES BY HYDROISOMERISATION AND HYDROCRACKING OF CHARGES ARISING FROM THE FISCHER-TROPSCH METHOD
    • CATALYST STRUCTURE AND METHOD OF FISCHER-TROPSCH SYNTHESIS
    • METHOD FOR ACTIVATING AN IRON-BASED FISCHER-TROPSCH CATALYST
    • PROCESS OF FISCHER-TROPSCH SYNTHESIS BY CONTROL OF THE PARTIAL PRESSURE OF WATER IN THE REACTION ZONE
    • PROCESS FOR PRODUCING MIDDLE DISTILLATES BY HYDROISOMERIZING AND HYDROCRACKING FEEDS FROM THE FISCHER-TROPSCH PROCESS USING A MULTIFUNCTIONAL GUARD BED
    • PROCESS FOR PRODUCING MIDDLE DISTILLATES BY HYDROISOMERIZING AND HYDROCRACKING FEEDS FROM THE FISCHER-TROPSCH PROCESS USING A DOPED CATALYST BASED ON MESOPOROUS ALUMINA-SILICA WITH A CONTROLLED MACROPORE CONTENT
    • PROCESS FOR THE PREPARATION OF PROPYLENE AND ETHYLENE FROM A FISCHER-TROPSCH SYNTHESIS PRODUCT
    • METHOD FOR PROVIDING AUXILIARY POWER TO AN ELECTRIC POWER PLANT USING FISCHER-TROPSCH TECHNOLOGY
    • EXPANDED BED REACTOR SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR HYDROPROCESSING WAX PRODUCED BY FISCHER-TROPSCH REACTION AND CONTAMINATED WITH SOLIDS
    • CONVERSION PROCESS
    • HIGH SURFACE AREA, SMALL CRYSTALLITE SIZE CATALYST FOR FISCHER-TROPSCH SYNTHESIS
    • PRODUCTION OF ALCOHOLS FROM SYNTHESIS GAS
    • AMMONIA PLANT CONFIGURATION AND METHODS
    • METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING PRODUCTS FROM NATURAL GAS INCLUDING HELIUM AND LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS
    • METHOD OF GENERATING HYDROCARBON REAGENTS FROM DIESEL, NATURAL GAS AND OTHER LOGISTICAL FUELS
    • PROCESS FOR SYNTHESIZING HYDROCARBONS
    • HIGH-PURITY OLEFINIC NAPHTHAS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF ETHYLENE AND PROPYLENE
    • PROCESS FOR IMPROVING PREREFORMING AND REFORMING OF NATURAL GAS CONTAINING HIGHER HYDROCARBONS ALONG WITH METHANE
    • SYNTHESIS GAS AND CARBON DIOXIDE GENERATION METHOD
    • PROCESS FOR THE PREPARATION OF A SUPPORTED CATALYST
    • PROCESS AND SYSTEM FOR PRODUCING SYNTHETIC LIQUID HYDROCARBON FUELS
    • PREPARATION OF TITANIA AND COBALT ALUMINATE CATALYST SUPPORTS AND THEIR USE IN FISCHER-TROPSCH SYNTHESIS
    • PROCESS FOR REMOVING ALUMINUM CONTAMINANTS FROM FISCHER-TROPSCH FEED STREAMS USING DICARBOXYLIC ACID
    • HYDROGEN RECOVERY FROM HYDROCARBON SYNTHESIS PROCESSES
    • PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF MIDDLE DISTILLATES BY HYDROISOMERISATION AND HYDROCRACKING FEEDS FROM THE FISCHER-TROPSCH PROCESS
    • STABILIZED TRANSITION ALUMINA CATALYST SUPPORT FROM BOEHMITE AND CATALYSTS MADE THEREFROM
    • RECOVERY OF ALCOHOLS FROM FISCHER-TROPSCH NAPHTHA AND DISTILLATE FUELS CONTAINING THE SAME
    • PRODUCTION OF SYNTHETIC TRANSPORTATION FUELS FROM CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL USING SELF-SUSTAINED HYDRO-GASIFICATION
    • PROCESS FOR PRODUCING SYNTHESIS GAS FOR THE FISCHER-TROPSCH SYNTHESIS AND PRODUCING APPARATUS THEREOF
    • LOW-SULPHUR DIESEL FUEL AND AVIATION TURBINE FUEL
    • PROCESSES FOR MAKING LUBRICANT BLENDS WITH LOW BROOKFIELD VISCOSITIES
    • PROCESS AND APPARATUS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF USEFUL PRODUCTS FROM CARBONACEOUS FEEDSTOCK
    • PRODUCTION OF LOW-SULFUR, MODERATELY AROMATIC DISTILLATE FUELS BY HYDROCRACKING OF COMBINED FISCHER-TROPSCH AND PETROLEUM STREAMS
    • CATALYSTS
    • FISCHER-TROPSCH COMPOSITION AND PROCESS
    • SUPPORTED CATALYST
    • FISCHER-TROPSCH CATALYST PRODUCTION
    • PROCESS TO PREPARE A HEAVY AND A LIGHT LUBRICATING BASE OIL
    • HYDROPROCESSING METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR USE IN THE PREPARATION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBONS
    • SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF IMPROVING DIESEL FUEL PERFORMANCE IN COLD CLIMATES
    • METHOD FOR PRODUCING LONG-CHAIN HYDROCARBONS FROM NATURAL GAS
    • FISCHER-TROPSCH CATALYST, PREPARATION, AND USE THEREOF
    • HOMOGENEOUS MODIFIED-ALUMINA FISCHER-TROPSCH CATALYST SUPPORTS
    • BLENDING FOR DENSITY SPECIFICATIONS USING FISCHER-TROPSCH DIESEL FUEL
    • OXYGENATE TREATMENT OF DEWAXING CATALYST FOR GREATER YIELD OF DEWAXED PRODUCT
    • PROCESS FOR REMOVING CONTAMINANTS FROM FISCHER-TROPSCH FEED STREAMS
    • PROCESS TO PREPARE A WAXY RAFFINATE
    • PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF MIDDLE DISTILLATES BY HYDROISOMERISATION AND HYDROCRACKING FEEDS FROM THE FISCHER-TROPSCH PROCESS
    • RECEPTION, PROCESSING, HANDLING, AND DISTRIBUTION OF HYDROCARBONS AND OTHER FLUIDS
    • PRODUCTION OF HYDROCARBONS
    • METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR REGENERATING AN IRON-BASED FISCHER-TROPSCH CATALYST
    • PROCESS FOR CONVERTING GASEOUS ALKANES TO LIQUID HYDROCARBONS
    • INTEGRATED PROCESSING OF NATURAL GAS INTO LIQUID PRODUCTS
    • GAS-TO-LIQUIDS FACILITY FOR FIXED OFFSHORE HYDROCARBON PRODUCTION PLATFORMS
    • MODIFICATION OF A METHANOL PLANT FOR CONVERTING NATURAL GAS TO LIQUID HYDROCARBONS
    • PROCESS FOR THE RECOVERY OF OIL FROM A NATURAL OIL RESERVOIR
    • APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING HIGH MOLECULAR WEIGHT LIQUID HYDROCARBONS FROM METHANE AND/OR NATURAL GAS
    • MANAGING HYDROGEN IN A GAS TO LIQUID PLANT
    • METHOD FOR CONVERTING NATURAL GAS TO LIQUID HYDROCARBONS

LIST OF TABLES

  • SUMMARY TABLE MARKET FOR GAS-TO-LIQUID, COAL-TO-LIQUID AND BIOMASS TO LIQUID PRODUCTS, THROUGH 2020 ($ BILLIONS)
  • TABLE 1 GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF STRANDED NATURAL GAS RESOURCES BY REGION, 2014 (%)
  • TABLE 2 FLARED GAS VOLUMES FROM SATELLITE DATA, 2005-2011 (BILLION CUBIC METERS)
  • TABLE 3 KEY GAS-TO-LIQUID DEMONSTRATION PLANTS (BARRELS PER DAY)
  • TABLE 4 GLOBAL PRINCIPAL GAS-TO-LIQUID PLANTS
  • TABLE 5 GLOBAL LARGE GASIFICATION PLANTS BY OUTPUT
  • TABLE 6 GLOBAL COMMERCIAL SYNFUEL CAPACITY (BARRELS PER DAY)
  • TABLE 7 COMPARATIVE FISCHER-TROPSCH MERITS AND DRAWBACKS
  • TABLE 8 OPERATING AND PLANNED LARGE COAL GASIFICATION AND COAL-TO-LIQUID PLANT STATUS, 2014
  • TABLE 9 GLOBAL PLANNED GASIFICATION UNITS, NOVEMBER 2014
  • TABLE 10 MARKET FOR PRODUCTS PRODUCED BY GAS-TO-LIQUID, COAL-TO-LIQUID AND BIOMASS-TO-LIQUID METHODS, THROUGH 2020 ($ BILLIONS)
  • TABLE 11 GLOBAL UNCONVENTIONAL LIQUID FUEL MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION BARRELS PER DAY)
  • TABLE 12 FISCHER-TROPSCH GAS-TO-LIQUID TRANSPORTATION FUELS MARKET BY PRODUCT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ BILLIONS)
  • TABLE 13 FISCHER-TROPSCH GAS-TO-LIQUID CHEMICAL MARKET BY PRODUCT TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ BILLIONS)
  • TABLE 14 COMMERCIAL BIOMASS-BASED GASIFICATION PLANTS, 2014
  • TABLE 15 COMPANIES ASSIGNED MULTIPLE U.S. PATENTS RELATING TO GAS-TO-LIQUID PRODUCTION, 2008-2014

LIST OF FIGURES

  • SUMMARY FIGURE MARKET FOR GAS-TO-LIQUID, COAL-TO-LIQUID AND BIOMASS TO LIQUID PRODUCTS, 2014-2020 ($ BILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 1 GAS-TO-LIQUID PRODUCTION OPTIONS, TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND CHEMICALS
  • FIGURE 2 TWO APPROACHES TO PRODUCING LIQUID FUELS FROM COALS
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