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市場調査レポート

世界の触媒市場:触媒再生を中心に

Global Markets for Catalysts: Focus on Catalyst Regeneration

発行 BCC Research 商品コード 233318
出版日 ページ情報 英文 414 Pages
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世界の触媒市場:触媒再生を中心に Global Markets for Catalysts: Focus on Catalyst Regeneration
出版日: 2015年06月30日 ページ情報: 英文 414 Pages
概要

世界の触媒・触媒再生市場は2013年に約232億米ドル、2014年に約246億米ドルに達しました。同市場は今後4.0%のCAGRで拡大し、2019年までに299億米ドルに達すると予測されています。

当レポートでは、触媒再生の観点から世界の触媒市場について調査し、市場概要、市場動向の分析、再生触媒ビジネスの概要、精製所、化学用途および燃料/廃棄物処理システムなど主な再生市場に関する情報、原材料価格の上昇が市場に及ぼす影響、および主要企業のプロファイルをまとめ、お届けいたします。

第1章 イントロダクション

第2章 エグゼクティブサマリー

第3章 触媒・触媒市場

  • 触媒の種類
  • 固体触媒
  • 触媒のアプリケーション市場
  • 環境触媒市場
  • 精製:触媒市場
  • ポリマー触媒市場
  • 化学触媒市場の動向
  • 世界の触媒市場動向
  • 原料
  • 産業組織

第4章 触媒再生の技術

  • 触媒再生の技術
  • 軽質芳香族炭化水素のアルキル化
  • カプロラクタムの生産
  • 循環アルドール縮合
  • 脱水素化
  • フィッシャートロプシュ法
  • FCC ALLIANCE
  • 触媒の非活性化
  • 再生法
  • 燃料電池の反応 (PEM)
  • グリコール生産
  • イリジウム触媒の炭化水素変換
  • 異性化およびメタセシス触媒の混合による炭化水素分解
  • コッホ法
  • メタノール生産
  • 自動車排ガスの浄化
  • オレフィンエポキシ化
  • SPA触媒を用いた低級オレフィンのオリゴマー化
  • ゼオライト触媒を用いた低級オレフィンのオリゴマー化
  • 酸素除去

第5章 触媒再生法

  • 触媒再生:理由と方法
  • 触媒におけるコークス沈着の特質と化学

第6章 触媒再生市場

  • 触媒市場
  • 触媒再生市場
  • オフサイト・オンサイト再生
  • 触媒市場区分
  • 地域市場
  • 精製市場:地域別
  • 触媒再生企業
  • 世界の触媒再生能力

第7章 規制

  • イントロダクション
  • 情報ソース
  • 大気温泉制御の米国連邦法
  • 欧州の規制
  • 中国の規制
  • 2輪車規制:国別
  • 廃棄物の越境移動

第8章 特許分析

  • 特許分析
  • 年度別
  • 触媒再生技術の重要特許
  • 企業別
  • 技術別
  • 技術の独占企業
  • 技術分析・未開発分野

第9章 企業プロファイル

図表

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目次
Product Code: CHM046C

REPORT HIGHLIGHTS

The global market for catalyst and catalyst regeneration reached nearly $23.2 billion and nearly $24.6 billion in 2013 and 2014, respectively. This market is forecasted to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 4.0% to reach $29.9 billion in 2019.

This report provides:

  • An overview of the global markets for catalysts with a focus on catalyst regeneration.
  • Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2011 to 2014, and projections of CAGRs through 2019.
  • An understanding of how the regenerated catalyst business contributes to meeting the energy needs of the world's economies while at the same time helping to reduce the costs associated with preventing environmental degradation and remediation of adverse environmental impacts as they occur.
  • Information on the main regeneration markets of refineries, chemical applications and flue/waste treatment systems.
  • Assessment of market impact due to rising raw material prices and tight supply and demand curves.
  • Evaluation of the role of catalyst regeneration as a key input for the production of high-quality, clean transportation fuels, and environmental cleanup of dangerous pollutants.

SCOPE AND FORMAT

Meeting rising energy requirements and protecting the environment are among the most important applications of catalyst technology. Broadly speaking, a catalyst is a substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction by reducing the required activation energy, but is left unchanged by the reaction.

As was the case in the previous review on this topic, the refinery industry remains the largest single user of regenerated catalysts, especially in hydroprocessing to produce refined products such as gasoline and low-sulfur diesel fuel.

Regenerated catalysts find use in many types of environmental remediation, from power plant emissions control systems to industrial effluent and municipal waste treatment. Regenerated catalysts lower costs, since they can be significantly cheaper than fresh catalysts and nearly as active.

This report provides an understanding of how the regenerated catalyst business contributes to meeting the energy needs of the world economies, while at the same time helping reduce the costs associated with preventing environmental degradation and remediation of adverse environmental impacts as they occur.

While the core focus of the report is catalyst regeneration, we also review the global catalyst market and provide forecasts for various segments, as the catalyst market trends strongly drive the regeneration market trends.

The study is divided into a number of sections and covers the following aspects, each covered in separate chapters:

  • Catalysts, the catalyst market scenario and projections.
  • Catalyst regeneration technology by application.
  • Elements involved in the processes in catalyst regeneration.
  • Regulatory aspects affecting the catalyst regeneration marketplace.
  • Catalyst regeneration market scenarios and projections.
  • Analysis of patents in catalyst regeneration.
  • Company profiles for market participants.

ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS

Vijay Subramanian has a Ph.D. in Materials Science and has extensive experience in the field of materials, including an in-depth understanding of chemicals and their applications. He worked for more than a decade in the automotive industry in the U.S. and later in India, and owns multiple U.S. patents in the fields of materials.

Vijay has authored reports for BCC Research since 2012.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION

  • STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
  • REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
  • INTENDED AUDIENCE
  • SCOPE AND FORMAT
  • METHODOLOGIES AND INFORMATION SOURCES
  • ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
  • RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
  • BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
  • DISCLAIMER

CHAPTER 2 - EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
    • SUMMARY TABLE: GLOBAL CATALYST AND CATALYST REGENERATION MARKETS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • SUMMARY FIGURE: GLOBAL CATALYST AND CATALYST REGENERATION MARKETS, 2011-2019 ($ MILLIONS)

CHAPTER 3 - CATALYSTS AND CATALYST MARKETS

  • TABLE 1: IMPORTANT CATALYTIC PROCESSES DEVELOPED SINCE 1940
  • TYPES OF CATALYSTS
    • FIGURE 1: GLOBAL CATALYST MARKET SHARES BY TECHNOLOGY, 2014 (%)
  • SOLID CATALYSTS
    • TABLE 2: EXAMPLES OF SOLID CATALYSTS BY TYPE
    • TABLE 3: IMPORTANT PROPERTIES FOR SUPPORTS
    • TABLE 4: SPECIFIC SURFACE AREA FOR VARIOUS SUPPORTS
    • FIGURE 2: VARIOUS CATALYST SHAPES
    • TABLE 5: CATALYST MANUFACTURING PROCESSES
  • CATALYST APPLICATION MARKETS
    • FIGURE 3: GLOBAL CATALYST MARKET SHARES BY SEGMENT, 2014 (%)
    • FIGURE 4: GLOBAL CATALYST MARKET GROWTH PROJECTION BY SEGMENTS, 2011-2017 ($ BILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 5: GLOBAL CATALYST MARKET: ATTRACTIVENESS BY SEGMENT
    • TABLE 6: CATALYST MATERIAL AND APPLICATION MARKETS SUMMARY
  • ENVIRONMENTAL CATALYSTS MARKET
    • Automotive Emission Catalysts: Platinum, Palladium, Rhodium
      • FIGURE 6: LIGHT VEHICLE PRODUCTION TRENDS, 2013-2020 (MILLION UNITS)
      • FIGURE 7: HEAVY-DUTY VEHICLE PRODUCTION TRENDS, 2013-2020 (THOUSAND UNITS)
      • FIGURE 8: FUEL EMISSIONS REGULATORY TRENDS BY COUNTRY, 2010-2020
      • FIGURE 9: GASOLINE ENGINE, REGULATORY CONTROLS, TRENDS
      • FIGURE 10: DIESEL ENGINE, REGULATORY CONTROLS AND TRENDS
    • Platinum Group Metals Market and Its Influence
      • TABLE 7: PLATINUM GROUP METALS: CATALYST APPLICATIONS
      • TABLE 8: GLOBAL PGM DEMAND FOR AUTOMOTIVE CATALYSTS, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSAND OZ)
      • TABLE 9: GLOBAL PLATINUM DEMAND WITHIN THE AUTOCATALYTIC MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (DATA IN THOUSAND OZ)
      • FIGURE 11: DISTRIBUTION OF PLATINUM DEMAND WITHIN THE AUTOMOTIVE CATALYST MARKET BY REGION, 2013 (%)
    • Palladium Market for Autocatalysts
      • TABLE 10: GLOBAL PALLADIUM DEMAND WITHIN THE AUTOCATALYTIC MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (DATA IN THOUSAND OZ.)
      • FIGURE 12: DISTRIBUTION OF PALLADIUM DEMAND WITHIN THE AUTOMOTIVE CATALYST MARKET BY REGION, 2013 (%)
      • FIGURE 13: FLEET AVERAGE WEIGHT AND CO2 EMISSIONS BY CAR MAKER AND EU TARGETS FOR 2020
      • TABLE 11: LIST OF COMPANIES IN THE EMISSION CONTROL MARKET FOR AUTOMOBILES
    • NOx Reduction Catalysts
      • FIGURE 14: NOX REDUCTION CATALYSTS FOR MOBILE AND FIXED SOURCES
    • Fuels: Sulfur Content Control
      • FIGURE 15: SULFUR CONTENT IN CRUDE FROM VARIOUS GLOBAL LOCATIONS
      • FIGURE 16: SULFUR STANDARDS WORLDWIDE BY REGION, 2015 (PPM)
      • TABLE 12: REGIONAL GASOLINE SULFUR CONTENT REQUIREMENTS, 2012-2020
      • FIGURE 17: GLOBAL SULFUR STANDARDS FOR FUELS, 2012-2025 (PPM)
      • FIGURE 18: DESULFURIZATION CAPACITY ADDITIONS AND PROJECTIONS, 2012-2035 (MILLION BARRELS/DAY)
    • Bunker Fuel
      • FIGURE 19: WORLD FUEL OIL MARKETS: INLAND AND BUNKER, 2000-2020
      • FIGURE 20: IMO TIMELINE FOR SULFUR CONTENT REDUCTIONS, 2008-2025
    • Not All Sulfur is the Same
      • TABLE 13: SULFUR CONTENT IN VARIOUS FUELS AND THEIR CHEMISTRY
    • Options for Desulfurization
    • Odor Removal Technologies
      • FIGURE 21: DEODORIZATION BY HONEYCOMB CATALYSTS
  • REFINING: THE CATALYST MARKET
    • FIGURE 22: PROVEN OIL RESERVES BY COUNTRY, 2014 (MILLION BARRELS)
    • FIGURE 23: OIL PRODUCTION BY COUNTRY, 2013 ('000 BARRELS OF OIL PER DAY)
    • FIGURE 24: TOP PETROLEUM COMPANIES BY CRUDE OIL PRODUCTION,2012 (‘000 BARRELS PER DAY)
    • FIGURE 25: PROVEN NATURAL GAS RESERVES BY COUNTRY, 2014 (TRILLION CUBIC FEET)
    • FIGURE 26: NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION BY COUNTRY, 2013 (BILLION CUBIC FEET)
    • FIGURE 27: TOP COMPANIES FOR NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION, 2012 (MILLION CUBIC FEET/DAY)
    • FIGURE 28: TOP PETROLEUM COMPANIES BY REVENUE, 2012 ($ BILLIONS)
    • Catalysts in the Refining Industry
      • FIGURE 29: SCHEMATIC OF A TYPICAL REFINERY OPERATIONS
      • FIGURE 30: GLOBAL REFINERY CATALYST MARKET SHARES BY SUBSEGMENT, 2013 (%)
      • FIGURE 31: REFINERY CATALYST MARKET GROWTH PROJECTION BY SUBSEGMENT, 2013 AND 2019 ($ BILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 32: GLOBAL REFINERY CATALYST MARKET SHARES BY REGION, 2012 (%)
    • Competitive Landscape for Hydroprocessing Catalysts
      • FIGURE 33: GLOBAL HYDROPROCESSING CATALYST MARKET STRUCTURE CHANGE, 1985 VS. 2012 (%)
    • Shale Gas: How the Boom Affects the Catalyst Industry
      • FIGURE 34: GLOBAL SHALE GAS PRODUCTION BY REGION, 1990-2035 (BCF/D, %)
      • FIGURE 35: UNITED STATES NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION BY SOURCE, 1990-2040 (TRILLION CUBIC FEET/%)
  • POLYMER CATALYSTS MARKET
    • FIGURE 36: GLOBAL POLYMER CATALYST MARKET SHARES BY SUBSEGMENT, 2013 (%)
    • FIGURE 37: POLYMER CATALYST MARKET GROWTH PROJECTION BY SUBSEGMENT, 2013 AND 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 14: MULTIPLE GENERATIONS OF PP ZN CATALYSTS
    • FIGURE 38: POLYPROPYLENE ZIEGLER-NATTA CATALYST MARKET SHARES BY COMPANY, 2013 (%)
    • FIGURE 39: LINEAR POLYETHYLENE CATALYSTS MARKET SHARES BY COMPANY, 2013 (%)
  • CHEMICAL CATALYSTS MARKET
    • TABLE 15: GLOBAL CHEMICAL CATALYST MARKET, 2011 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 16: SKILL SETS REQUIRED FOR CATALYST TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT
  • GLOBAL CATALYSIS MARKET TRENDS
    • TREND 1: TOWARD HIGHER ACTIVITY AND SELECTIVITY OF CATALYSTS
      • FIGURE 40: TRENDS IN CATALYST DEVELOPMENT IN HYDROCRACKING
      • TABLE 17: CHANGE IN HYDROCRACKING OVER THE LAST 50 YEARS
    • TREND 2: CHANGES IN FEEDSTOCK AND MORE EFFICIENT USE OF
  • FEEDSTOCK
    • Heavy Crudes Market
    • Technological Challenges
      • TABLE 18: GASIFICATION POTENTIAL FOR VARIOUS FUELS (%)
    • TREND 3: LOWER OPERATING TEMPERATURES
    • TREND 4: ENERGY EFFICIENCY
    • TREND 5: CREATING PROCESSES AROUND CATALYST TECHNOLOGIES
    • TREND 6: COAL IN CHINA
      • FIGURE 41: MARKET DRIVERS FOR COAL-BASED PROCESSES IN CHINA
    • TREND 7: GTL AS EMERGING TECHNOLOGY
      • FIGURE 42: CHEMICALS AND INDUSTRIES SUPPORTED BY NATURAL GAS
      • FIGURE 43: COST CURVE FOR NEW GTL PLANT INSTALLATIONS
    • TREND 8: OLEFINS MARKET GROWTH
      • TABLE 19: LARGEST ETHYLENE STEAM CRACKING PRODUCTION PLANTS
    • WORLDWIDE AS OF JAN. 1, 2013
      • FIGURE 44: PROPYLENE DEMAND AND SUPPLY, 2001-2021
      • FIGURE 45: PROPYLENE YIELDS FROM VARIOUS PRODUCTION PROCESSES
      • FIGURE 46: PROPYLENE END-USE MARKETS: HISTORIC CHANGES, 1970 VS. 2004 (%)
      • FIGURE 47: POLYOLEFINS PRODUCTION CAPACITIES OF TOP PLAYERS, 2013
      • FIGURE 48: GLOBAL POLYOLEFIN MARKET BY REGION, 2005-2020 (MILLION MT/YR.)
  • INDUSTRY ORGANIZATIONS
    • CATALYST INDUSTRY IN NORTH AMERICA
      • FIGURE 49: U.S. CATALYST IMPORTS BY TYPE, 2010-2013 ($ MILLIONS)
      • TABLE 20: U.S. CATALYST IMPORTS BY TYPE AND COUNTRY, 2013 ($ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 50: U.S. CATALYST EXPORTS BY TYPE, 2010-2013 ($ MILLIONS)
      • TABLE 21: U.S. CATALYST EXPORTS BY TYPE AND STATE OF ORIGIN, 2013 ($ MILLIONS)
      • TABLE 22: U.S. CATALYST EXPORTS BY TYPE AND COUNTRY, 2013 ($ MILLIONS)
    • CATALYST INDUSTRY IN EUROPE
      • TABLE 23: MEMBER COMPANIES OF EUROPEAN CATALYST MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION
      • FIGURE 51: EUROPEAN CATALYST IMPORTS BY TYPE, 2010-2013 (MILLION EUROS)
      • TABLE 24: EUROPEAN CATALYST IMPORTS BY TYPE, 2010-2013 (MILLION EUROS AND THOUSAND MTS)
      • FIGURE 52: EUROPEAN CATALYST EXPORTS BY TYPE, 2010-2013 (MILLION EUROS)
      • TABLE 25: EUROPEAN CATALYST EXPORTS BY TYPE, 2010-2013 (MILLION EUROS AND THOUSAND MTS)
      • TABLE 26: AVERAGE PRICES FOR CATALYSTS BY TYPE IN EUROPE, 2010-2013 ($/KG)
      • FIGURE 53: AVERAGE PRICES FOR CATALYSTS BY TYPE IN EUROPE, 2010-2013 ($/KG)
      • FIGURE 54: NON-PGM CATALYST MARKET SHARES IN EUROPE BY METAL TYPE, 2012 (%)
    • CATALYST INDUSTRY IN JAPAN
      • TABLE 27: MEMBER COMPANIES OF CATALYST ASSOCIATION IN JAPAN
      • TABLE 28: AVERAGE PRICES FOR CATALYSTS BY SEGMENT, 2010-2013 ($/KG)
      • FIGURE 55: AVERAGE PRICES FOR CATALYSTS BY SEGMENT, 2010-2013 ($/KG)
      • FIGURE 56: JAPANESE CATALYST PRODUCTION BY MARKET SEGMENT, 2010-2013 (MT)
      • FIGURE 57: JAPANESE CATALYST MARKET BY SEGMENT, 2010-2013 (MILLION YEN)
      • FIGURE 58: JAPANESE CATALYST MARKET SHARES BY SEGMENT, 2013 (%)
    • GLOBAL CATALYST MARKET
      • TABLE 29: GLOBAL CATALYST TRADE EXPORTS BY COUNTRY, 2010-2012 ($ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 59: MARKET SHARES OF CATALYST EXPORTS BY COUNTRY, 2012 (%)
      • TABLE 30: GLOBAL CATALYST TRADE IMPORTS BY COUNTRY, 2010-2012 ($ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 60: MARKET SHARES OF CATALYST IMPORTS BY COUNTRY, 2012 (%)

CHAPTER 4 - TECHNOLOGIES IN CATALYST REGENERATION

  • TECHNOLOGIES IN CATALYST REGENERATION
  • ALKYLATION OF LIGHT AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS
    • CATALYST USED
    • CATALYST ACTIVITY, PARTICLE SIZE AND PROCESS CHOICE
      • FIGURE 61: CATALYST ACTIVITY WITH PARTICLE SIZE AND PROCESS
    • DEACTIVATION OF THE CATALYST
    • REGENERATION METHODS
      • FIGURE 62: ESTIMATED GLOBAL LINEAR ALKYL BENZENE (LAB) DEMAND BY REGION/COUNTRY, 2015 (%)
    • ALKYLATION OF PARAFFINS AND OLEFINS
      • TABLE 31: LIST OF ALKYLATION REACTIONS
    • CATALYST USED
      • TABLE 32: LIST OF SULFURIC ACID REGENERATION FACILITIES
      • FIGURE 63: COMPARISON OF EFFICIENCIES OF SOLID-STATE CATALYSTS USED IN ALKYLATION REACTIONS
    • DEACTIVATION OF THE CATALYST
    • REGENERATION METHODS
      • Chlorided Alumina
      • Hydrogen Fluoride
      • Sulfone + Hydrogen Halide + Water
  • CAPROLACTAM PRODUCTION
    • CATALYST USED
    • DEACTIVATION OF THE CATALYST
    • REGENERATION METHODS
  • CYCLIC ALDOL CONDENSATION
    • CATALYST USED
    • DEACTIVATION OF THE CATALYST
    • REGENERATION METHODS
  • DEHYDROGENATION
    • TABLE 33: DEHYDROGENATION PROCESSES IN COMMERCIAL OPERATION
  • CATALYST USED
    • DEACTIVATION OF THE CATALYST
    • REGENERATION METHODS
      • TABLE 34: COMPARISON OF ISOBUTANE DEHYDROGENATION PROCESSES
      • FIGURE 64: COMPARISON OF ISOBUTANE DEHYDROGENATION PROCESSES
    • DENITRIFICATION (EXHAUST GAS PURIFICATION)
      • TABLE 35: EMISSIONS FROM VARIOUS FOSSIL FUELS (G/KWH)
      • TABLE 36: PROPERTIES OF ORIMULSION COMPARED WITH ORINOCO OIL AND FUEL OIL C
  • CATALYST USED
    • DEACTIVATION OF THE CATALYST
      • FIGURE 65: PROCESS CONDITIONS FOR AMMONIUM SULFATE AND HYDROSULFATE FORMATION AND DEPOSITION ON SCR CATALYSTS
    • REGENERATION METHODS
      • FIGURE 66: GLOBAL GROWTH ESTIMATE FOR DIESEL EXHAUST FLUID, 2010-2020
  • FISCHER-TROPSCH PROCESS
    • FISCHER-TROPSCH PROCESS CONDITIONS
      • TABLE 37: FISCHER-TROPSCH PROCESS CONDITIONS, CATALYSTS AND REGENERATION TECHNIQUES
      • TABLE 38: COMPATIBILITY AND COMPARISON OF REFINING TECHNOLOGIES WITH FISCHER-TROPSCH PROCESS
  • CATALYSTS USED
    • DEACTIVATION OF THE CATALYST
    • REGENERATION METHODS
    • FLUID CATALYTIC CRACKING
      • FIGURE 67: FCC SCHEMATIC
  • CATALYST USED
    • DEACTIVATION OF THE CATALYST
    • REGENERATION METHODS
      • Full Conversion of CO to CO2
        • TABLE 39: GUIDE FOR THE AMOUNT OF MANGANESE AND ANTIMONY TO BE USED IN THE CATALYST FOR FCC REACTIONS
      • Removal of Nitrogen Oxides
      • Removal of Sulfur
  • FCC ALLIANCE
    • FLUORINATION
      • TABLE 40: LIST OF FLUORINATION REACTIONS
      • TABLE 41: UNIQUE PROPERTIES OF ORGANIC FLUORINE COMPOUNDS AND APPLICATION MARKETS
      • TABLE 42: FLUORINE CHEMICALS AND MARKET APPLICATIONS
  • CATALYST USED
    • DEACTIVATION OF THE CATALYST
    • REGENERATION METHODS
    • FRIEDEL-CRAFTS REACTION
  • CATALYST USED
    • TABLE 43: COMPARISON OF ANISOLE CONVERSION BY FRIEDEL-CRAFTS REACTION UNDER 12 DIFFERENT CATALYSIS CONDITIONS
    • TABLE 44: COMPARISON OF FRIEDEL-CRAFTS CONVERSION OF ANISOLE WITH CARBOXYLIC ACIDS WITH MULTIPLE CATALYSTS
    • Ionic Liquids
  • DEACTIVATION OF THE CATALYST
    • Ionic Liquids
  • REGENERATION METHODS
    • Ionic Liquids
      • TABLE 45: IONIC LIQUID CATALYST REUSABILITY FOR THE FRIEDEL-CRAFTS REACTION OF PHENOL
  • FUEL CELL REACTIONS (PEM)
    • CATALYST USED
    • DEACTIVATION OF THE CATALYST
    • REGENERATION METHODS
  • GLYCOL PRODUCTION
  • CATALYST USED
    • DEACTIVATION OF THE CATALYST
    • REGENERATION METHODS
  • HYDROCARBON CONVERSION WITH IRIDIUM CATALYST
    • CATALYST USED
    • DEACTIVATION OF THE CATALYST
    • REGENERATION METHODS
  • HYDROCARBON CRACKING WITH A MIX OF ISOMERIZATION AND METATHESIS CATALYSTS
    • CATALYST USED
    • METATHESIS CATALYSTS: NOBEL PRIZE-WINNING CHEMISTRY
    • DEACTIVATION OF THE CATALYST
    • REGENERATION METHODS
  • KOCH PROCESS
    • CATALYST USED
    • DEACTIVATION OF THE CATALYST
    • REGENERATION METHODS
  • METHANOL PRODUCTION
    • CATALYST USED
    • DEACTIVATION OF THE CATALYST
    • REGENERATION METHODS
  • MOTOR VEHICLE EXHAUST PURIFICATION
    • CATALYST USED
    • DEACTIVATION OF THE CATALYST
    • REGENERATION METHODS
  • OLEFIN EPOXIDATION
    • CATALYST USED
    • DEACTIVATION OF THE CATALYST
    • REGENERATION METHODS
      • TABLE 46: REACTIVITY OF CATALYST USED IN OLEFIN EPOXIDATION UNDER VARIOUS REGENERATION CONDITIONS
  • OLIGOMERIZATION OF LOWER OLEFINS WITH SPA CATALYST
    • CATALYST USED
    • DEACTIVATION OF THE CATALYST
    • REGENERATION METHODS
  • OLIGOMERIZATION OF LOWER OLEFINS WITH ZEOLITE CATALYST
    • CATALYST USED
    • DEACTIVATION OF THE CATALYST
    • REGENERATION METHODS
      • TABLE 47: ILLUSTRATIVE STEPS FOR A SEQUENTIAL REACTOR ROTATION TO OPTIMALLY USE ZEOLITE CATALYST IN OLEFIN OLIGOMERIZATION
  • OXYGEN REMOVAL
    • CATALYST USED
    • DEACTIVATION OF THE CATALYST
    • REGENERATION METHODS

CHAPTER 5 - CATALYST REGENERATION PROCESSES

  • CATALYST REGENERATION: WHY AND HOW
    • DEFINING END OF PROCESSING CYCLE
    • CONTAMINATIONS/POISONS
      • TABLE 48: PROCESSES, CATALYSTS AND POISONS
    • Case 1-Partial Batch Savings by Bin Analysis
      • FIGURE 68: ANALYSIS OF UNLOADED CATALYST FOR REGENERATION DECISION, CASE 1
    • Case 2-Partial Batch Savings by Bin Analysis
      • FIGURE 69: ANALYSIS OF UNLOADED CATALYST FOR REGENERATION DECISION, CASE 2
    • Case 3-Analysis Also Providing Carbon Profiling within the Reactor
      • FIGURE 70: ANALYSIS OF CATALYST FOR CARBON PROFILING OF THE REACTOR, CASE 3
    • Case 4-Catalyst Regeneration Not Recommended
      • FIGURE 71: ANALYSIS OF CATALYST CONFIRMING REGENERATION AS NOT POSSIBLE, CASE 4
  • NATURE AND CHEMISTRY OF COKE DEPOSITS ON THE CATALYST
    • TABLE 49: COKE DEPOSIT CONSTITUENTS
    • TESTS FOR CONFIRMING CATALYST REGENERATION AS SUCCESSFUL
      • TABLE 50: PROPERTY TARGETS FOR REGENERATED CATALYSTS
    • MONITORING OF CATALYST REGENERATION
      • FIGURE 72: CATALYST REGENERATION MONITORING BY MASS SPECTROSCOPY
    • HYDROTREATING CATALYST REGENERATION
      • TABLE 51: HYDROTREATING CATALYSTS AND MANUFACTURERS
      • TABLE 52: REGENERATION OF HYDROTREATING CATALYST
    • AUTOMOTIVE EMISSION CATALYSTS AND REGENERATION
      • TABLE 53: COMPONENTS OF EXHAUST FROM GASOLINE AND DIESEL ENGINES
      • FIGURE 73: OPERATIONAL WINDOW FOR A THREE-WAY CATALYST
      • FIGURE 74: OXYGEN SENSOR DATA FROM A THREE-WAY CATALYST IN OPERATION
      • FIGURE 75: REGENERATION MONITORING FOR A PT-BAO-AL2O3 CATALYST
      • Deactivation
      • Passive Regeneration
      • Active Regeneration
    • REGENERATION OF RH/PT CATALYST FOR E85 REFINING
      • FIGURE 76: CATALYST REGENERATION OF RHODIUM/PLATINUM CATALYST USED FOR E-85 REFORMING
    • INDUSTRIAL EMISSIONS AND CONTROL
      • TABLE 54: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES AND EMISSIONS
    • DENOX TECHNOLOGIES: SCR
      • FIGURE 77: SCHEMATIC OF A TYPICAL SCR REACTOR
    • SCR CATALYST REGENERATION: COST ANALYSIS
      • TABLE 55: FINANCIAL ANALYSIS FOR CATALYST REGENERATION: SCR UNIT
    • SCR CATALYST MANAGEMENT
      • FIGURE 78: CATALYST MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR AN SCR REACTOR
    • EFFECT OF CARRIERS ON REGENERATION
      • TABLE 56: ALUMINA SUPPORT PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS
      • TABLE 57: ZEOLITE CARRIERS USED IN CATALYSIS
    • USAGE OF REGENERATED CATALYST
      • TABLE 58: USES OF REGENERATED CATALYSTS BY APPLICATION
    • CATALYST RECOVERY
      • TABLE 59: COMPARISON OF METAL RECOVERY BY VARIOUS LEACHING AND ROASTING METHODS

CHAPTER 6 - CATALYST REGENERATION MARKET

  • FIGURE 79: BUSINESS MODEL OF CATALYST MANUFACTURERS: INTEGRATED PLAYERS
  • FIGURE 80: BUSINESS MODEL OF CATALYST MANUFACTURERS: INDEPENDENT PLAYERS
  • HISTORY OF THE CATALYST REGENERATION MARKETPLACE
  • CATALYST MARKET
    • TABLE 60: GLOBAL CATALYST MARKET, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 81: GLOBAL CATALYST MARKET, 2011-2019 ($ MILLIONS)
  • CATALYST REGENERATION MARKET
    • TABLE 61: GLOBAL CATALYST REGENERATION MARKET, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 82: GLOBAL CATALYST REGENERATION MARKET, 2011-2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 62: SHARES OF FRESH AND REGENERATED CATALYSTS IN THE GLOBAL CATALYST MARKET, 2011-2019 (%)
    • FIGURE 83: SHARES OF FRESH AND REGENERATED CATALYSTS IN THE GLOBAL CATALYST MARKET, 2011-2019 (%)
  • OFF-SITE AND ON-SITE REGENERATION
    • TABLE 63: ON-SITE AND OFF-SITE CATALYST REGENERATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 84: ON-SITE AND OFF-SITE CATALYST REGENERATIONS, 2011-2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 64: ON-SITE AND OFF-SITE CATALYST REGENERATION, 2011-2019 (%)
  • MARKET SEGMENTS
    • ENVIRONMENTAL MARKET
    • REFINERY MARKET
      • TABLE 65: LARGEST REFINERIES IN THE WORLD
    • POLYMER MARKET
    • CHEMICAL MARKET
      • TABLE 66: CATALYST REGENERATION MARKET SHARES BY SEGMENT, 2013 (%)
      • FIGURE 85: CATALYST REGENERATION MARKET SHARES BY SEGMENT, 2013 (%)
      • TABLE 67: CATALYST REGENERATION MARKET BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 86: CATALYST REGENERATION MARKET BY SEGMENT, 2011-2019 ($ MILLIONS)
      • TABLE 68: CATALYST REGENERATION MARKET SHARES BY SEGMENT, 2011-2019 (%)
  • REGIONAL MARKETS
    • ENVIRONMENTAL MARKET BY REGION
      • TABLE 69: COMPARISON OF EMISSIONS FROM COAL AND NATURAL GAS POWER PLANTS
    • Coal-Powered Utilities
      • TABLE 70: COAL POWER PLANTS WORLDWIDE BY COUNTRY, NUMBER OF PLANTS AND TOTAL CAPACITY, 2014
    • Oil-Powered Utilities
      • TABLE 71: OIL-POWERED PLANTS WORLDWIDE BY COUNTRY, NUMBER OF PLANTS AND TOTAL CAPACITY, 2014
    • Gas-Powered Utilities
      • TABLE 72: GAS-POWERED PLANTS WORLDWIDE BY COUNTRY, NUMBER OF PLANTS AND TOTAL CAPACITY, 2014
      • FIGURE 87: GLOBAL POTENTIAL SCR CATALYST MARKET SHARES BY REGION, 2014 (%)
  • REFINERY MARKET BY GEOGRAPHICAL REGION
    • FIGURE 88: GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF REFINING CAPACITY BY REGION, 2013 (%)
    • TABLE 73: GLOBAL REFINING CAPACITY BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION BARRELS/DAY)
    • FIGURE 89: GLOBAL CATALYST REGENERATION MARKET SHARES BY REGION, 2013 (%)
  • COMPANIES ACTIVE IN CATALYST REGENERATION
    • TABLE 74: COMPANIES ACTIVE IN CATALYST REGENERATION
  • GLOBAL CAPACITY FOR CATALYST REGENERATION
    • TABLE 75: GLOBAL CATALYST REGENERATION CAPACITY, THROUGH 2019 (MT)
    • FIGURE 90: GLOBAL CATALYST REGENERATION CAPACITY, 2011-2019 (MT)

CHAPTER 7 - REGULATIONS

  • INTRODUCTION
  • INFORMATION SOURCES
    • TABLE 76 INFORMATION SOURCES FOR REGULATIONS AND POLICIES AFFECTING THE CATALYST REGENERATION INDUSTRY
  • U.S. FEDERAL REGULATIONS FOR AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS
    • ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (EPA)
      • Catalyst Recycling and Regeneration and CDR Reporting
        • Scenario 1
          • Clarification Provided by EPA
        • Scenario 2
          • Clarification Provided by EPA
    • MERCURY EMISSION REGULATIONS
    • RICE-NESHAP REGULATIONS
      • Spark-Ignited Engines
      • Diesel Compression-Ignited Engines
  • REACH: REGULATIONS IN EUROPE
    • TABLE 77: HISTORY OF REGISTRATION REQUIREMENTS UNDER REACH
    • TABLE 78: CHEMICALS REGISTERED UNDER REACH BY EURECAT AND TRICAT
  • REGULATIONS IN CHINA
  • TWO-WHEELER REGULATIONS BY COUNTRY
    • TABLE 79: TWO-WHEELER EMISSION REGULATIONS BY COUNTRY
    • TABLE 80: COMPANIES ACTIVE IN ORGANIZATIONS RELATED TO EMISSION CONTROLS IN VARIOUS REGIONAL MARKETS
  • TRANSBOUNDARY MOVEMENT OF WASTE

CHAPTER 8 - PATENT ANALYSIS

  • PATENT ANALYSIS
    • FIGURE 91: NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS ISSUED ON CATALYST REGENERATION TECHNOLOGIES SINCE 1976*
  • PATENT ANALYSIS BY YEAR
    • FIGURE 92: NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS ISSUED ON CATALYST REGENERATION TECHNOLOGIES SINCE 1976 BY YEAR, FIRST METHOD*
    • FIGURE 93: NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS ISSUED ON CATALYST REGENERATION TECHNOLOGIES SINCE 1976 BY YEAR, SECOND METHOD*
  • CORE PATENTS IN CATALYST REGENERATION TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 81: U.S. PATENTS SPECIFIC TO CATALYST REGENERATION TECHNOLOGIES, 1976 TO APRIL 2015
  • PATENT ANALYSIS BY COMPANY
    • TABLE 82: NUMBER OF U.S. CATALYST REGENERATION PATENTS BY COMPANY
    • FIGURE 94: COMPANY MARKET SHARES OF U.S. PATENTS ISSUED ON CATALYST REGENERATION (%)
  • PATENT ANALYSIS BY TECHNOLOGY
    • PATENT ANALYSIS BY CATALYST USED
      • TABLE 83: NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS BY CATALYST TYPE AND ASSIGNEE COMPANIES FOR CATALYST REGENERATION TECHNOLOGIES
  • MONOPOLIES FOR TECHNOLOGIES
    • PATENT ANALYSIS BY CARRIERS USED
      • TABLE 84: CATALYSTS MENTIONED IN PATENTS BY CARRIER TYPE
  • TECHNOLOGICAL ANALYSIS AND UNEXPLORED AREAS
    • UNEXPLORED AREA 1
      • TABLE 85: LIST OF COUNTRIES WITH CATALYST IMPORTS EXCEEDING $50 MILLION, 2012 ($ MILLIONS)
  • UNEXPLORED AREA 2

CHAPTER 9 - COMPANY PROFILES

  • TABLE 86: MAJOR COMPANIES IN THE GLOBAL CATALYST MARKETPLACE
  • ACCELRYS INC.
  • ADVANCED CATALYST SYSTEMS LLC
    • PRODUCTS
    • LICENSES AND TECHNOLOGIES
    • REGENERATION AND RECYCLING
  • ADVANCED METALLURGIC GROUP NV
    • AMG VANADIUM
      • FIGURE 95: SPENT CATALYST RECYCLING CAPACITY AT AMG, 2000-2014 (MT)
    • AL BILAD CATALYST CO. LTD. (ABC)
      • TABLE 87: LIST OF AL BILAD CUSTOMERS WORLDWIDE BY COUNTRY
  • ALBEMARLE CORP.
    • CATALYST PRODUCTS
    • TOTAL CATALYST MANAGEMENT
    • REACT TECHNOLOGY
    • HYDROPROCESSING CATALYSTS
    • SULFICAT: TOTSUCAT STAX TECHNOLOGIES
    • FLUID CATALYTIC CRACKING CATALYSTS
    • ALKYCLEAN TECHNOLOGY
    • CUSTOMERS
    • COMPETITORS
    • LOCATIONS OF CATALYST REGENERATION
    • PARTNERSHIPS AND JOINT VENTURES
      • TABLE 88: ALBEMARLE: PARTNERSHIPS AND JOINT VENTURES SUMMARY
    • FINANCIALS
      • FIGURE 96: ALBEMARLE REVENUES FROM CATALYST SEGMENT, 2009-2013 ($ MILLIONS)
  • ARISTO INTELLIGENT CATALYST TECHNOLOGY
  • AXENS
    • TABLE 89: AXENS: LIST OF CATALYSTS BY INDUSTRY AND APPLICATION
  • BABCOCK HITACHI KK (NOW MITSUBISHI HITACHI POWER SYSTEMS LTD.)
    • AKITSU WORKS
    • CHINA CATALYST WORKS
    • SERVICES
  • BABCOCK POWER INC.
  • BASF
    • LOCATIONS
    • SEGMENTS, MARKET POSITION AND COMPETITORS
      • Mobile Emissions Catalysts
      • Process Catalysts and Technologies
      • Battery Materials
      • Precious and Base Metal Services
    • RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
      • Mobile Emissions Catalysts
      • Process Catalysts
      • Material Services
    • FINANCES
      • FIGURE 97: BASF REVENUES FROM CATALYST SUBSEGMENTS, 2009-2013 (MILLION EUROS)
      • FIGURE 98: DISTRIBUTION OF BASF CATALYST REVENUES BY REGION, 2013 (%)
      • FIGURE 99: BASF CATALYST REVENUE SHARES BY MARKET, 2013 (%)
  • BAYER TECHNOLOGY SERVICES GMBH
    • CASE STUDY: IN SITU CATALYST REGENERATION MONITORING
      • FIGURE 100: EXAMPLE OF IN SITU MONITORING OF CATALYST REGENERATION FOR PROCESS CONTROL
      • FIGURE 101: EXAMPLE OF HYDROGENATION MONITORING USING IR SPECTROSCOPY
    • GREEN MATTER: A DREAM REACTION
  • BERGARI SOLUTIONS LLC
  • CATALYTIC COMBUSTION CORP.
  • CDTI
    • MIXED-PHASE CATALYST (MPC) TECHNOLOGY
    • ZPGM: A DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGY
      • TABLE 90: HONDA VEHICLE PLATFORMS WITH CDTI TECHNOLOGIES
  • CELANESE
    • CATALYST REGENERATION
      • TABLE 91 U.S. PATENTS ASSIGNED TO CELANESE RELATED TO CATALYSTS AND REGENERATION
  • CHEMTRADE
    • SULFURIC ACID REGENERATION
    • CHEVRON LUMMUS GLOBAL
      • TABLE 92: TECHNOLOGY INNOVATIONS AT CHEVRON LUMMUS SINCE 1959
      • ISOCRACKING TECHNOLOGY
      • ISODEWAXING TECHNOLOGY
      • MERCAWAY TECHNOLOGY
      • ZEOLITEPLUS TECHNOLOGY
      • CUSTOMERS
        • TABLE 93: LIST OF CUSTOMER UNITS RUNNING LC-FINING TECHNOLOGY
      • RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
    • CHROMALOX
    • CLARIANT INTERNATIONAL
      • TABLE 94: CLARIANT COMPANY FINANCIALS, CATALYST SEGMENT AND SUBSIDIARIES (MILLIONS CHF*)
    • RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
    • PRODUCTS
    • PRODUCTS BY MARKET SEGMENTS
      • TABLE 95: CLARIANT CATALYST PORTFOLIO
    • REGENERATION
  • CLEAN HARBORS
  • COALOGIX (SCR-TECH LLC)
    • REGULATIONS: A DRIVER FOR COMPANY GROWTH
    • OPERATIONS
    • OWNERSHIP HISTORY
    • MARKET AND CUSTOMERS
  • CORMETECH INC.
    • LOCATIONS
    • TECHNOLOGY AND PRODUCTS
    • CUSTOMERS
      • FIGURE 102: DISTRIBUTION OF CORMETECH SCR SYSTEM INSTALLATIONS BY INDUSTRY SEGMENT (%)
    • NEW DEVELOPMENTS
  • CRI CATALYST COMPANY LTD. (CRITERION)
    • CRITERION CATALYSTS AND TECHNOLOGIES LP
    • TECHNOLOGY LICENSING
    • CATALYSTS
    • REGENERATION ACTIVITIES
  • DCL AMERICA INC.
  • DONGFANG ELECTRIC CORP. LTD.
  • DOW OIL AND GAS
    • CATALYSTS AND REGENERATION
  • DUPONT
    • ALKYLATION TECHNOLOGY (STRATCO)
    • SULFURIC ACID TECHNOLOGIES
    • ORGANIZATION
      • MECS Inc.
      • Belco Technologies
      • IsoTherming
  • EBINGER KATALYSATOR SERVICE GMBH & CO. KG
    • SONOCHEMICAL CLEANING: A PATENTED TECHNOLOGY
    • CUSTOMERS
      • TABLE 96: LIST OF CUSTOMERS AND CATALYSTS REGENERATED BY EBINGER
  • ECO-RIGEN S.R.L
    • REGENERATION PROCESS
    • TOTSUCAT: SULFIDING
  • ENVIRONEX INC.
    • CUSTOMERS
      • TABLE 97: LIST OF CUSTOMER OF ENVIRONEX
  • ENVIRONMENTAL SOLUTIONS WORLDWIDE INC. (ESW GROUP)
    • PRODUCTS
    • COMPETITORS
  • ENVIROTHERM GMBH (FORMER KWH)
    • COMPANY STRUCTURE
    • COLLABORATIONS AND LICENSES
    • PRODUCTS
    • SERVICES
    • CUSTOMER INDUSTRIES
      • TABLE 98: LIST OF CUSTOMERS OF ENVIROTHERM
  • ERAMET GROUP
    • EURECAT SA
    • ORGANIZATION
      • FIGURE 103: EURECAT COMPANY ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
      • Eurecat SA
      • Eurecat France
      • Eurecat U.S. Inc.
      • Eurecat U.S. Inc. (regeneration unit)
      • AlBilad Catalyst Co. Ltd.
      • Eco-Rigen S.r.l.
      • Petroval
      • Tricat GmbH
      • Eurecat India Catalyst Services Pvt. Ltd.
      • Eurecat Singapore
      • Nippon Eurecat
      • L.E. Ufaneftekhim Refinery
    • COMPANY HISTORY
    • RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
    • SERVICES AND TECHNOLOGIES
      • Regeneration of Catalysts
        • FIGURE 104: ROTO LOUVRE USED BY EURECAT FOR CATALYST REGENERATION
      • Presulfiding
        • FIGURE 105: COMPARISON OF OFF-SITE AND ON-SITE SULFIDATION PROCESSES
      • Preconditioning
      • Technology Licenses
      • Reclamation
  • EURO SUPPORT B.V.
    • ASM CATALYSTS LLC
  • EUROMET
    • CATALYST RECYCLING: CATEAM
  • EVONIK INDUSTRIES AG
    • TABLE 99: LIST OF CATALYSTS OFFERED BY EVONIK
    • BIOFUELS AS GROWTH AREA
    • ORGANOMETALLIC TIN CATALYSTS
  • FUEL TECH INC.
  • FULL YIELD INDUSTRY CO. LTD. (FYI)
    • LONDON CHEMICALS & RESOURCES LTD.
  • GENERAL CHEMICAL CORP. (GENCHEM)
  • GULF CHEMICAL & METALLURGICAL CORP. (GCMC)
  • HALDOR TOPSOE A/S
    • SEGMENTS AND ACTIVITIES
    • PRODUCTS AND SERVICES
    • TECHNOLOGIES AND LICENSES
  • HEADWATERS TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION (HTI)
    • COMPANY HISTORY
    • TECHNOLOGIES DEVELOPED
      • HCAT and DCL Technologies
  • HERAEUS PRECIOUS METALS
    • CATALYSTS
    • CATALYST REFINING AND RECYCLING
  • HITACHI ZOSEN CORP.
    • HITACHI ZOSEN CATALYST
  • HUNTSMAN CORP
    • AMINES
  • IDEMITSU KOSAN CO. LTD.
  • IFP ENERGIES NOUVELLES
    • TABLE 100: IFP: PORTFOLIO OF INDUSTRIAL INVESTMENTS
    • TABLE 101: LIST OF COMPANIES THAT COLLABORATE WITH IFP
  • CATALYST RESEARCH ACTIVITIES
  • AXENS
  • EURECAT
  • INTERTEK
    • INTERTEK AMERICAS
      • Services
      • Intertek Pilot Plant Services
  • JEANBLANC INTERNATIONAL
  • JGC CATALYSTS AND CHEMICALS LTD. (JGC & CC)
    • CASE STUDY: DTP PROCESS FOR PROPYLENE PRODUCTION
      • TABLE 102: COMPARISON OF PROPYLENE PRODUCTION PROCESSES
      • FIGURE 106 CATALYST ACTIVITY THROUGH REGENERATION CYCLES FOR PROPYLENE PRODUCTION BY DTP
  • JOHNSON MATTHEY
    • EMISSION CONTROL TECHNOLOGIES
    • PROCESS TECHNOLOGIES
      • TABLE 103: JOHNSON MATTHEY CATALYSTS AND PROCESSES SUPPORTED
    • PRECIOUS METAL PRODUCTS/REFINING
    • FINE CHEMICALS
    • NEW BUSINESS
    • REGENERATION TECHNOLOGIES
      • FIGURE 107: ACTIVE DPF REGENERATION TECHNOLOGY-PROCESS DETAILS
      • TABLE 104: DPF REGENERATION TECHNOLOGIES: A COMPARISON
    • PALLADIUM CATALYST SCAVENGING: THE SMOPEX FIBER FAMILY
    • RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
  • KAIDA CO.
    • PRODUCTS
      • TABLE 105: CATALYSTS FROM KAIDA SHOWING PGM LOADING LEVELS BY APPLICATION
    • PGM RECOVERY
  • KBR
  • KC COTTRELL
    • KC ENVIRO SERVICES
    • KC CATALYST SERVICES
  • LIQTECH INTERNATIONAL A/S
  • LYONDELLBASELL
    • LYONDELLBASELL U.S.
    • TRANS4M S TECHNOLOGY
    • VACIDO TECHNOLOGY
  • METCHEM (METALCHEMIC RECYCLING) BV
  • MIRATECH CORP.
  • MITSUBISHI CHEMICAL CORP.
  • MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES
  • MITSUBISHI HITACHI POWER SYSTEMS AMERICA
  • MITSUI CHEMICALS INC.
    • LICENSING DIVISION
    • NEW TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT
  • MOURIK INTERNATIONAL BV
  • MOXBA-METREX BV
    • SPENT CATALYST PROCESSING
  • N.E. CHEMCAT CORP.
  • NANO
  • NEW CHEMICAL SYNTHESES INSTITUTE
    • INORGANIC CHEMISTRY DIVISION (ICHN) GLIWICE
    • CATALYST PRODUCTS
    • CUSTOMERS
  • NIKKI-UNIVERSAL CO. LTD.
  • NIPPON KETJEN
  • NIPPON SHOKUBAI CO. LTD.
    • CATALYSTS
      • TABLE 106: NIPPON SHOBUKAI FINANCIALS FOR CATALYST SEGMENT,2011-2013 (MILLION YEN)
  • NOVA CHEMICALS
    • CATALYST TECHNOLOGIES
  • PEMEX
  • POROCEL
    • SERVICES AND TECHNOLOGIES
      • FIGURE 108: POROCEL'S MOVING BELT REGENERATION PROCESS:SCHEMATIC
    • CATALYST TESTING
    • LICENSES
    • RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
      • TABLE 107: POROCEL DISTRIBUTION OF CATALYST REGENERATION BY TYPE OF CATALYST, 2014 (%)
      • FIGURE 109: POROCEL DISTRIBUTION OF CATALYST REGENERATION BY TYPE OF CATALYST, 2014 (%)
  • PQ CORP.
  • RENEWABLE ENERGY GROUP (REG)
    • SYNTROLEUM CORP.
      • TABLE 108: COMPARISON OF IRON AND COBALT CATALYSTS FOR THE FISCHER-TROPSCH PROCESS
    • DYNAMIC FUELS
    • SYNTROLEUM TECHNOLOGIES
      • Syntroleum Process
      • CTL Process
      • Synfining
      • Bio-Synfining
    • CUSTOMERS
    • CATALYST REGENERATION TECHNOLOGY
      • TABLE 109: U.S. PATENTS GRANTED TO SYNTROLEUM ON CATALYST REGENERATION
    • REPSOL YPF
  • SAMSUNG ENGINEERING CO. LTD.
    • TABLE 110: SAMSUNG ENGINEERING PROJECTS RELATED TO CATALYST MARKETS
  • SASOL
    • FIGURE 110: COMPARISON OF LAB SCALE AND COMMERCIAL SCALE CATALYST REGENERATION TESTS AT SASOL
  • SHOWA SHELL SEKIYU KK
  • SINOPEC CATALYST CO. (SCC)
    • SINOPEC TECH
      • TABLE 111: TECHNOLOGIES LICENSED BY SINOPEC WITH CATALYST REGENERATION
      • TABLE 112: SINOPEC CATALYSTS THAT CAN BE REGENERATED
  • SOLVAY SA
    • RHODIA SA
  • STEAG ENERGY SERVICES LLC
  • TAIYO KOKO CO.
    • PRODUCTS
  • TANAKA HOLDINGS CO., LTD
    • TABLE 113: CATALYST PRODUCTS FROM TANAKA
  • TORFTECH GROUP
    • TORFTECH (CANADA) INC.
    • CATALYST APPLICATIONS
  • TREIBACHER INDUSTRIE AG
  • TRICAT
    • IN SITU AND EX SITU REGENERATIONS COMPARED
    • RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
    • SERVICES AND TECHNOLOGIES
    • LICENSES FOR TECHNOLOGY
  • UMICORE
    • RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
      • FIGURE 111: UMICORE REVENUES FROM CATALYSIS SUBSEGMENT, 2009-2013 (MILLION EUROS)
  • UNIVATION TECHNOLOGIES
    • FIGURE 112: POLYETHYLENE PRODUCTION CAPACITY AND TECHNOLOGIES PROVIDED BY UNIVATION,1968-2010
  • UOP
    • CATALYSTS
    • ALBEMARLE ALLIANCE: HYDROTREATING
    • REGENERATION
    • CONTINUOUS CATALYST REGENERATION
      • FIGURE 113: DISTRIBUTION OF UOP CCR PLATFORMING UNITS BY REGION (% TOTAL OPERATING UNITS = 224)
    • CATALYST REGENERATION CONTROL SYSTEM
    • FINANCIALS
      • FIGURE 114: UOP COMPANY REVENUES, 2009-2013 ($ MILLIONS)
  • VELOCYS INC.
    • TABLE 114: LIST OF VELOCYS REACTORS WORLDWIDE
    • FIGURE 115: DISTRIBUTION OF GAS FIELDS BY SIZE
    • FIGURE 116: VELOCYS MICROCHANNEL REACTOR DESIGN SCHEMATIC
    • TABLE 115: COMPARISON OF HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER BY MICROCHANNEL TECHNOLOGY AND CONVENTIONAL PROCESSES
    • FIGURE 117: VELOCYS IP PORTFOLIO SUMMARY
  • W.R. GRACE
    • CATALYST PRODUCTS
    • FINANCIALS
      • FIGURE 118: W.R. GRACE CATALYST SEGMENT FINANCIALS BY MARKETS, 2011-2013 ($ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 119: W.R. GRACE CATALYST SEGMENT FINANCIALS BY REGION, 2011-2013 ($ MILLIONS)
  • YARA INTERNATIONAL ASA
  • ZEOLYST INTERNATIONAL
  • ZIBO HENGJI CHEMICAL CO. LTD.
    • CATALYST REGENERATION

LIST OF TABLES

  • SUMMARY TABLE: GLOBAL CATALYST AND CATALYST REGENERATION MARKETS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 1: IMPORTANT CATALYTIC PROCESSES DEVELOPED SINCE 1940
    • TABLE 2: EXAMPLES OF SOLID CATALYSTS BY TYPE
    • TABLE 3: IMPORTANT PROPERTIES FOR SUPPORTS
    • TABLE 4: SPECIFIC SURFACE AREA FOR VARIOUS SUPPORTS
    • TABLE 5: CATALYST MANUFACTURING PROCESSES
    • TABLE 6: CATALYST MATERIAL AND APPLICATION MARKETS SUMMARY
    • TABLE 7: PLATINUM GROUP METALS: CATALYST APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 8: GLOBAL PGM DEMAND FOR AUTOMOTIVE CATALYSTS, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSAND OZ)
    • TABLE 9: GLOBAL PLATINUM DEMAND WITHIN THE AUTOCATALYTIC MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (DATA IN THOUSAND OZ)
    • TABLE 10: GLOBAL PALLADIUM DEMAND WITHIN THE AUTOCATALYTIC MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (DATA IN THOUSAND OZ.)
    • TABLE 11: LIST OF COMPANIES IN THE EMISSION CONTROL MARKET FOR AUTOMOBILES
    • TABLE 12: REGIONAL GASOLINE SULFUR CONTENT REQUIREMENTS, 2012-2020
    • TABLE 13: SULFUR CONTENT IN VARIOUS FUELS AND THEIR CHEMISTRY
    • TABLE 14: MULTIPLE GENERATIONS OF PP ZN CATALYSTS
    • TABLE 15: GLOBAL CHEMICAL CATALYST MARKET, 2011 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 16: SKILL SETS REQUIRED FOR CATALYST TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT
    • TABLE 17: CHANGE IN HYDROCRACKING OVER THE LAST 50 YEARS
    • TABLE 18: GASIFICATION POTENTIAL FOR VARIOUS FUELS (%)
    • TABLE 19: LARGEST ETHYLENE STEAM CRACKING PRODUCTION PLANTS WORLDWIDE AS OF JAN. 1, 2013
    • TABLE 20: U.S. CATALYST IMPORTS BY TYPE AND COUNTRY, 2013 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 21: U.S. CATALYST EXPORTS BY TYPE AND STATE OF ORIGIN, 2013 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 22: U.S. CATALYST EXPORTS BY TYPE AND COUNTRY, 2013 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 23: MEMBER COMPANIES OF EUROPEAN CATALYST MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION
    • TABLE 24: EUROPEAN CATALYST IMPORTS BY TYPE, 2010-2013 (MILLION EUROS AND THOUSAND MTS)
    • TABLE 25: EUROPEAN CATALYST EXPORTS BY TYPE, 2010-2013 (MILLION EUROS AND THOUSAND MTS)
    • TABLE 26: AVERAGE PRICES FOR CATALYSTS BY TYPE IN EUROPE, 2010-2013 ($/KG)
    • TABLE 27: MEMBER COMPANIES OF CATALYST ASSOCIATION IN JAPAN
    • TABLE 28: AVERAGE PRICES FOR CATALYSTS BY SEGMENT, 2010-2013 ($/KG)
    • TABLE 29: GLOBAL CATALYST TRADE EXPORTS BY COUNTRY, 2010-2012 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 30: GLOBAL CATALYST TRADE IMPORTS BY COUNTRY, 2010-2012 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 31: LIST OF ALKYLATION REACTIONS
    • TABLE 32: LIST OF SULFURIC ACID REGENERATION FACILITIES
    • TABLE 33: DEHYDROGENATION PROCESSES IN COMMERCIAL OPERATION
    • TABLE 34: COMPARISON OF ISOBUTANE DEHYDROGENATION PROCESSES
    • TABLE 35: EMISSIONS FROM VARIOUS FOSSIL FUELS (G/KWH)
    • TABLE 36: PROPERTIES OF ORIMULSION COMPARED WITH ORINOCO OIL AND FUEL OIL C
    • TABLE 37: FISCHER-TROPSCH PROCESS CONDITIONS, CATALYSTS AND REGENERATION TECHNIQUES
    • TABLE 38: COMPATIBILITY AND COMPARISON OF REFINING TECHNOLOGIES WITH FISCHER-TROPSCH PROCESS
    • TABLE 39: GUIDE FOR THE AMOUNT OF MANGANESE AND ANTIMONY TO BE USED IN THE CATALYST FOR FCC REACTIONS
    • TABLE 40: LIST OF FLUORINATION REACTIONS
    • TABLE 41: UNIQUE PROPERTIES OF ORGANIC FLUORINE COMPOUNDS AND APPLICATION MARKETS
    • TABLE 42: FLUORINE CHEMICALS AND MARKET APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 43: COMPARISON OF ANISOLE CONVERSION BY FRIEDEL-CRAFTS REACTION UNDER 12 DIFFERENT CATALYSIS CONDITIONS
    • TABLE 44: COMPARISON OF FRIEDEL-CRAFTS CONVERSION OF ANISOLE WITH CARBOXYLIC ACIDS WITH MULTIPLE CATALYSTS
    • TABLE 45: IONIC LIQUID CATALYST REUSABILITY FOR THE FRIEDEL-CRAFTS REACTION OF PHENOL
    • TABLE 46: REACTIVITY OF CATALYST USED IN OLEFIN EPOXIDATION UNDER VARIOUS REGENERATION CONDITIONS
    • TABLE 47: ILLUSTRATIVE STEPS FOR A SEQUENTIAL REACTOR ROTATION TO OPTIMALLY USE ZEOLITE CATALYST IN OLEFIN OLIGOMERIZATION
    • TABLE 48: PROCESSES, CATALYSTS AND POISONS
    • TABLE 49: COKE DEPOSIT CONSTITUENTS
    • TABLE 50: PROPERTY TARGETS FOR REGENERATED CATALYSTS
    • TABLE 51: HYDROTREATING CATALYSTS AND MANUFACTURERS
    • TABLE 52: REGENERATION OF HYDROTREATING CATALYST
    • TABLE 53: COMPONENTS OF EXHAUST FROM GASOLINE AND DIESEL ENGINES
    • TABLE 54: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES AND EMISSIONS
    • TABLE 55: FINANCIAL ANALYSIS FOR CATALYST REGENERATION: SCR UNIT
    • TABLE 56: ALUMINA SUPPORT PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS
    • TABLE 57: ZEOLITE CARRIERS USED IN CATALYSIS
    • TABLE 58: USES OF REGENERATED CATALYSTS BY APPLICATION
    • TABLE 59: COMPARISON OF METAL RECOVERY BY VARIOUS LEACHING AND ROASTING METHODS
    • TABLE 60: GLOBAL CATALYST MARKET, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 61: GLOBAL CATALYST REGENERATION MARKET, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 62: SHARES OF FRESH AND REGENERATED CATALYSTS IN THE GLOBAL CATALYST MARKET, 2011-2019 (%)
    • TABLE 63: ON-SITE AND OFF-SITE CATALYST REGENERATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 64: ON-SITE AND OFF-SITE CATALYST REGENERATION, 2011-2019 (%)
    • TABLE 65: LARGEST REFINERIES IN THE WORLD
    • TABLE 66: CATALYST REGENERATION MARKET SHARES BY SEGMENT, 2013 (%)
    • TABLE 67: CATALYST REGENERATION MARKET BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 68: CATALYST REGENERATION MARKET SHARES BY SEGMENT, 2011-2019 (%)
    • TABLE 69: COMPARISON OF EMISSIONS FROM COAL AND NATURAL GAS POWER PLANTS
    • TABLE 70: COAL POWER PLANTS WORLDWIDE BY COUNTRY, NUMBER OF PLANTS AND TOTAL CAPACITY, 2014
    • TABLE 71: OIL-POWERED PLANTS WORLDWIDE BY COUNTRY, NUMBER OF PLANTS AND TOTAL CAPACITY, 2014
    • TABLE 72: GAS-POWERED PLANTS WORLDWIDE BY COUNTRY, NUMBER OF PLANTS AND TOTAL CAPACITY, 2014
    • TABLE 73: GLOBAL REFINING CAPACITY BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION BARRELS/DAY)
    • TABLE 74: COMPANIES ACTIVE IN CATALYST REGENERATION
    • TABLE 75: GLOBAL CATALYST REGENERATION CAPACITY, THROUGH 2019 (MT)
    • TABLE 76: INFORMATION SOURCES FOR REGULATIONS AND POLICIES AFFECTING THE CATALYST REGENERATION INDUSTRY
    • TABLE 77: HISTORY OF REGISTRATION REQUIREMENTS UNDER REACH
    • TABLE 78: CHEMICALS REGISTERED UNDER REACH BY EURECAT AND TRICAT
    • TABLE 79: TWO-WHEELER EMISSION REGULATIONS BY COUNTRY
    • TABLE 80: COMPANIES ACTIVE IN ORGANIZATIONS RELATED TO EMISSION CONTROLS IN VARIOUS REGIONAL MARKETS
    • TABLE 81: U.S. PATENTS SPECIFIC TO CATALYST REGENERATION TECHNOLOGIES, 1976 TO APRIL 2015
    • TABLE 82: NUMBER OF U.S. CATALYST REGENERATION PATENTS BY COMPANY
    • TABLE 83: NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS BY CATALYST TYPE AND ASSIGNEE COMPANIES FOR CATALYST REGENERATION TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 84: CATALYSTS MENTIONED IN PATENTS BY CARRIER TYPE
    • TABLE 85: LIST OF COUNTRIES WITH CATALYST IMPORTS EXCEEDING $50 MILLION, 2012 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 86: MAJOR COMPANIES IN THE GLOBAL CATALYST MARKETPLACE
    • TABLE 87: LIST OF AL BILAD CUSTOMERS WORLDWIDE BY COUNTRY
    • TABLE 88: ALBEMARLE: PARTNERSHIPS AND JOINT VENTURES SUMMARY
    • TABLE 89: AXENS: LIST OF CATALYSTS BY INDUSTRY AND APPLICATION
    • TABLE 90: HONDA VEHICLE PLATFORMS WITH CDTI TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 91: U.S. PATENTS ASSIGNED TO CELANESE RELATED TO CATALYSTS AND REGENERATION
    • TABLE 92: TECHNOLOGY INNOVATIONS AT CHEVRON LUMMUS SINCE 1959
    • TABLE 93: LIST OF CUSTOMER UNITS RUNNING LC-FINING TECHNOLOGY
    • TABLE 94: CLARIANT COMPANY FINANCIALS, CATALYST SEGMENT AND SUBSIDIARIES (MILLIONS CHF*)
    • TABLE 95: CLARIANT CATALYST PORTFOLIO
    • TABLE 96: LIST OF CUSTOMERS AND CATALYSTS REGENERATED BY EBINGER
    • TABLE 97: LIST OF CUSTOMER OF ENVIRONEX
    • TABLE 98: LIST OF CUSTOMERS OF ENVIROTHERM
    • TABLE 99: LIST OF CATALYSTS OFFERED BY EVONIK
    • TABLE 100: IFP: PORTFOLIO OF INDUSTRIAL INVESTMENTS
    • TABLE 101: LIST OF COMPANIES THAT COLLABORATE WITH IFP
    • TABLE 102: COMPARISON OF PROPYLENE PRODUCTION PROCESSES
    • TABLE 103: JOHNSON MATTHEY CATALYSTS AND PROCESSES SUPPORTED
    • TABLE 104: DPF REGENERATION TECHNOLOGIES: A COMPARISON
    • TABLE 105: CATALYSTS FROM KAIDA SHOWING PGM LOADING LEVELS BY APPLICATION
    • TABLE 106: NIPPON SHOBUKAI FINANCIALS FOR CATALYST SEGMENT,2011-2013 (MILLION YEN)
    • TABLE 107: POROCEL DISTRIBUTION OF CATALYST REGENERATION BY TYPE OF CATALYST, 2014 (%)
    • TABLE 108: COMPARISON OF IRON AND COBALT CATALYSTS FOR THE FISCHER-TROPSCH PROCESS
    • TABLE 109: U.S. PATENTS GRANTED TO SYNTROLEUM ON CATALYST REGENERATION
    • TABLE 110: SAMSUNG ENGINEERING PROJECTS RELATED TO CATALYST MARKETS
    • TABLE 111: TECHNOLOGIES LICENSED BY SINOPEC WITH CATALYST REGENERATION
    • TABLE 112: SINOPEC CATALYSTS THAT CAN BE REGENERATED
    • TABLE 113: CATALYST PRODUCTS FROM TANAKA
    • TABLE 114: LIST OF VELOCYS REACTORS WORLDWIDE
    • TABLE 115: COMPARISON OF HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER BY MICROCHANNEL TECHNOLOGY AND CONVENTIONAL PROCESSES

LIST OF FIGURES

  • SUMMARY FIGURE: GLOBAL CATALYST AND CATALYST REGENERATION MARKETS, 2011-2019 ($ MILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 1: GLOBAL CATALYST MARKET SHARES BY TECHNOLOGY, 2014 (%)
    • FIGURE 2: VARIOUS CATALYST SHAPES
    • FIGURE 3: GLOBAL CATALYST MARKET SHARES BY SEGMENT, 2014 (%)
    • FIGURE 4: GLOBAL CATALYST MARKET GROWTH PROJECTION BY SEGMENTS, 2011-2017 ($ BILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 5: GLOBAL CATALYST MARKET: ATTRACTIVENESS BY SEGMENT
    • FIGURE 6: LIGHT VEHICLE PRODUCTION TRENDS, 2013-2020 (MILLION UNITS)
    • FIGURE 7: HEAVY-DUTY VEHICLE PRODUCTION TRENDS, 2013-2020 (THOUSAND UNITS)
    • FIGURE 8: FUEL EMISSIONS REGULATORY TRENDS BY COUNTRY, 2010-2020
    • FIGURE 9: GASOLINE ENGINE, REGULATORY CONTROLS, TRENDS
    • FIGURE 10: DIESEL ENGINE, REGULATORY CONTROLS AND TRENDS
    • FIGURE 11: DISTRIBUTION OF PLATINUM DEMAND WITHIN THE AUTOMOTIVE CATALYST MARKET BY REGION, 2013 (%)
    • FIGURE 12: DISTRIBUTION OF PALLADIUM DEMAND WITHIN THE AUTOMOTIVE CATALYST MARKET BY REGION, 2013 (%)
    • FIGURE 13: FLEET AVERAGE WEIGHT AND CO2 EMISSIONS BY CAR MAKER AND EU TARGETS FOR 2020
    • FIGURE 14: NOX REDUCTION CATALYSTS FOR MOBILE AND FIXED SOURCES
    • FIGURE 15: SULFUR CONTENT IN CRUDE FROM VARIOUS GLOBAL LOCATIONS
    • FIGURE 16: SULFUR STANDARDS WORLDWIDE BY REGION, 2015 (PPM)
    • FIGURE 17: GLOBAL SULFUR STANDARDS FOR FUELS, 2012-2025 (PPM)
    • FIGURE 18: DESULFURIZATION CAPACITY ADDITIONS AND PROJECTIONS, 2012-2035 (MILLION BARRELS/DAY)
    • FIGURE 19: WORLD FUEL OIL MARKETS: INLAND AND BUNKER, 2000-2020
    • FIGURE 20: IMO TIMELINE FOR SULFUR CONTENT REDUCTIONS, 2008-2025
    • FIGURE 21: DEODORIZATION BY HONEYCOMB CATALYSTS
    • FIGURE 22: PROVEN OIL RESERVES BY COUNTRY, 2014 (MILLION BARRELS)
    • FIGURE 23: OIL PRODUCTION BY COUNTRY, 2013 ('000 BARRELS OF OIL PER DAY)
    • FIGURE 24: TOP PETROLEUM COMPANIES BY CRUDE OIL PRODUCTION,2012 ('000 BARRELS PER DAY)
    • FIGURE 25: PROVEN NATURAL GAS RESERVES BY COUNTRY, 2014 (TRILLION CUBIC FEET)
    • FIGURE 26: NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION BY COUNTRY, 2013 (BILLION CUBIC FEET)
    • FIGURE 27: TOP COMPANIES FOR NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION, 2012 (MILLION CUBIC FEET/DAY)
    • FIGURE 28: TOP PETROLEUM COMPANIES BY REVENUE, 2012 ($ BILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 29: SCHEMATIC OF A TYPICAL REFINERY OPERATIONS
    • FIGURE 30: GLOBAL REFINERY CATALYST MARKET SHARES BY SUBSEGMENT, 2013 (%)
    • FIGURE 31: REFINERY CATALYST MARKET GROWTH PROJECTION BY SUBSEGMENT, 2013 AND 2019 ($ BILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 32: GLOBAL REFINERY CATALYST MARKET SHARES BY REGION, 2012 (%)
    • FIGURE 33: GLOBAL HYDROPROCESSING CATALYST MARKET STRUCTURE CHANGE, 1985 VS. 2012 (%)
    • FIGURE 34: GLOBAL SHALE GAS PRODUCTION BY REGION, 1990-2035 (BCF/D, %)
    • FIGURE 35: UNITED STATES NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION BY SOURCE, 1990-2040 (TRILLION CUBIC FEET/%)
    • FIGURE 36: GLOBAL POLYMER CATALYST MARKET SHARES BY SUBSEGMENT, 2013 (%)
    • FIGURE 37: POLYMER CATALYST MARKET GROWTH PROJECTION BY SUBSEGMENT, 2013 AND 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 38: POLYPROPYLENE ZIEGLER-NATTA CATALYST MARKET SHARES BY COMPANY, 2013 (%)
    • FIGURE 39: LINEAR POLYETHYLENE CATALYSTS MARKET SHARES BY COMPANY, 2013 (%)
    • FIGURE 40: TRENDS IN CATALYST DEVELOPMENT IN HYDROCRACKING
    • FIGURE 41: MARKET DRIVERS FOR COAL-BASED PROCESSES IN CHINA
    • FIGURE 42: CHEMICALS AND INDUSTRIES SUPPORTED BY NATURAL GAS
    • FIGURE 43: COST CURVE FOR NEW GTL PLANT INSTALLATIONS
    • FIGURE 44: PROPYLENE DEMAND AND SUPPLY, 2001-2021
    • FIGURE 45: PROPYLENE YIELDS FROM VARIOUS PRODUCTION PROCESSES
    • FIGURE 46: PROPYLENE END-USE MARKETS: HISTORIC CHANGES, 1970 VS. 2004 (%)
    • FIGURE 47: POLYOLEFINS PRODUCTION CAPACITIES OF TOP PLAYERS, 2013
    • FIGURE 48: GLOBAL POLYOLEFIN MARKET BY REGION, 2005-2020 (MILLION MT/YR.)
    • FIGURE 49: U.S. CATALYST IMPORTS BY TYPE, 2010-2013 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 50: U.S. CATALYST EXPORTS BY TYPE, 2010-2013 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 51: EUROPEAN CATALYST IMPORTS BY TYPE, 2010-2013 (MILLION EUROS)
    • FIGURE 52: EUROPEAN CATALYST EXPORTS BY TYPE, 2010-2013 (MILLION EUROS)
    • FIGURE 53: AVERAGE PRICES FOR CATALYSTS BY TYPE IN EUROPE, 2010-2013 ($/KG)
    • FIGURE 54: NON-PGM CATALYST MARKET SHARES IN EUROPE BY METAL TYPE, 2012 (%)
    • FIGURE 55: AVERAGE PRICES FOR CATALYSTS BY SEGMENT, 2010-2013 ($/KG)
    • FIGURE 56: JAPANESE CATALYST PRODUCTION BY MARKET SEGMENT, 2010-2013 (MT)
    • FIGURE 57: JAPANESE CATALYST MARKET BY SEGMENT, 2010-2013 (MILLION YEN)
    • FIGURE 58: JAPANESE CATALYST MARKET SHARES BY SEGMENT, 2013 (%)
    • FIGURE 59: MARKET SHARES OF CATALYST EXPORTS BY COUNTRY, 2012 (%)
    • FIGURE 60: MARKET SHARES OF CATALYST IMPORTS BY COUNTRY, 2012 (%)
    • FIGURE 61: CATALYST ACTIVITY WITH PARTICLE SIZE AND PROCESS
    • FIGURE 62: ESTIMATED GLOBAL LINEAR ALKYL BENZENE (LAB) DEMAND BY REGION/COUNTRY, 2015 (%)
    • FIGURE 63: COMPARISON OF EFFICIENCIES OF SOLID-STATE CATALYSTS USED IN ALKYLATION REACTIONS
    • FIGURE 64: COMPARISON OF ISOBUTANE DEHYDROGENATION PROCESSES
    • FIGURE 65: PROCESS CONDITIONS FOR AMMONIUM SULFATE AND HYDROSULFATE FORMATION AND DEPOSITION ON SCR CATALYSTS
    • FIGURE 66: GLOBAL GROWTH ESTIMATE FOR DIESEL EXHAUST FLUID, 2010-2020
    • FIGURE 67: FCC SCHEMATIC
    • FIGURE 68: ANALYSIS OF UNLOADED CATALYST FOR REGENERATION DECISION, CASE 1
    • FIGURE 69: ANALYSIS OF UNLOADED CATALYST FOR REGENERATION DECISION, CASE 2
    • FIGURE 70: ANALYSIS OF CATALYST FOR CARBON PROFILING OF THE REACTOR, CASE 3
    • FIGURE 71: ANALYSIS OF CATALYST CONFIRMING REGENERATION AS NOT POSSIBLE, CASE 4
    • FIGURE 72: CATALYST REGENERATION MONITORING BY MASS SPECTROSCOPY
    • FIGURE 73: OPERATIONAL WINDOW FOR A THREE-WAY CATALYST
    • FIGURE 74: OXYGEN SENSOR DATA FROM A THREE-WAY CATALYST IN OPERATION
    • FIGURE 75: REGENERATION MONITORING FOR A PT-BAO-AL2O3 CATALYST
    • FIGURE 76: CATALYST REGENERATION OF RHODIUM/PLATINUM CATALYST USED FOR E-85 REFORMING
    • FIGURE 77: SCHEMATIC OF A TYPICAL SCR REACTOR
    • FIGURE 78: CATALYST MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR AN SCR REACTOR
    • FIGURE 79: BUSINESS MODEL OF CATALYST MANUFACTURERS: INTEGRATED PLAYERS
    • FIGURE 80: BUSINESS MODEL OF CATALYST MANUFACTURERS: INDEPENDENT PLAYERS
    • FIGURE 81: GLOBAL CATALYST MARKET, 2011-2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 82: GLOBAL CATALYST REGENERATION MARKET, 2011-2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 83: SHARES OF FRESH AND REGENERATED CATALYSTS IN THE GLOBAL CATALYST MARKET, 2011-2019 (%)
    • FIGURE 84: ON-SITE AND OFF-SITE CATALYST REGENERATIONS, 2011-2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 85: CATALYST REGENERATION MARKET SHARES BY SEGMENT, 2013 (%)
    • FIGURE 86: CATALYST REGENERATION MARKET BY SEGMENT, 2011-2019 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 87: GLOBAL POTENTIAL SCR CATALYST MARKET SHARES BY REGION, 2014 (%)
    • FIGURE 88: GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF REFINING CAPACITY BY REGION, 2013 (%)
    • FIGURE 89: GLOBAL CATALYST REGENERATION MARKET SHARES BY REGION, 2013 (%)
    • FIGURE 90: GLOBAL CATALYST REGENERATION CAPACITY, 2011-2019 (MT)
    • FIGURE 91: NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS ISSUED ON CATALYST REGENERATION TECHNOLOGIES SINCE 1976*
    • FIGURE 92: NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS ISSUED ON CATALYST REGENERATION TECHNOLOGIES SINCE 1976 BY YEAR, FIRST METHOD*
    • FIGURE 93: NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS ISSUED ON CATALYST REGENERATION TECHNOLOGIES SINCE 1976 BY YEAR, SECOND METHOD*
    • FIGURE 94: COMPANY MARKET SHARES OF U.S. PATENTS ISSUED ON CATALYST REGENERATION (%)
    • FIGURE 95: SPENT CATALYST RECYCLING CAPACITY AT AMG, 2000-2014 (MT)
    • FIGURE 96: ALBEMARLE REVENUES FROM CATALYST SEGMENT, 2009-2013 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 97: BASF REVENUES FROM CATALYST SUBSEGMENTS, 2009-2013 (MILLION EUROS)
    • FIGURE 98: DISTRIBUTION OF BASF CATALYST REVENUES BY REGION, 2013 (%)
    • FIGURE 99: BASF CATALYST REVENUE SHARES BY MARKET, 2013 (%)
    • FIGURE 100: EXAMPLE OF IN SITU MONITORING OF CATALYST REGENERATION FOR PROCESS CONTROL
    • FIGURE 101: EXAMPLE OF HYDROGENATION MONITORING USING IR SPECTROSCOPY
    • FIGURE 102: DISTRIBUTION OF CORMETECH SCR SYSTEM INSTALLATIONS BY INDUSTRY SEGMENT (%)
    • FIGURE 103: EURECAT COMPANY ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
    • FIGURE 104: ROTO LOUVRE USED BY EURECAT FOR CATALYST REGENERATION
    • FIGURE 105: COMPARISON OF OFF-SITE AND ON-SITE SULFIDATION PROCESSES
    • FIGURE 106: CATALYST ACTIVITY THROUGH REGENERATION CYCLES FOR PROPYLENE PRODUCTION BY DTP
    • FIGURE 107: ACTIVE DPF REGENERATION TECHNOLOGY-PROCESS DETAILS
    • FIGURE 108: POROCEL'S MOVING BELT REGENERATION PROCESS:SCHEMATIC
    • FIGURE 109: POROCEL DISTRIBUTION OF CATALYST REGENERATION BY TYPE OF CATALYST, 2014 (%)
    • FIGURE 110: COMPARISON OF LAB SCALE AND COMMERCIAL SCALE CATALYST REGENERATION TESTS AT SASOL
    • FIGURE 111: UMICORE REVENUES FROM CATALYSIS SUBSEGMENT, 2009-2013 (MILLION EUROS)
    • FIGURE 112: POLYETHYLENE PRODUCTION CAPACITY AND TECHNOLOGIES PROVIDED BY UNIVATION,1968-2010
    • FIGURE 113: DISTRIBUTION OF UOP CCR PLATFORMING UNITS BY REGION (% TOTAL OPERATING UNITS = 224)
    • FIGURE 114: UOP COMPANY REVENUES, 2009-2013 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 115: DISTRIBUTION OF GAS FIELDS BY SIZE
    • FIGURE 116: VELOCYS MICROCHANNEL REACTOR DESIGN SCHEMATIC
    • FIGURE 117: VELOCYS IP PORTFOLIO SUMMARY
    • FIGURE 118: W.R. GRACE CATALYST SEGMENT FINANCIALS BY MARKETS, 2011-2013 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 119: W.R. GRACE CATALYST SEGMENT FINANCIALS BY REGION, 2011-2013 ($ MILLIONS)
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