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市場調査レポート

商用水素:工業用ガス・エネルギーの市場

Merchant Hydrogen: Industrial Gas and Energy Markets

発行 BCC Research 商品コード 228020
出版日 ページ情報 英文 127 Pages
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商用水素:工業用ガス・エネルギーの市場 Merchant Hydrogen: Industrial Gas and Energy Markets
出版日: 2015年09月30日 ページ情報: 英文 127 Pages
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概要

世界の商用水素の生産量は、2014年に680万トンに達しました。さらに2015年には710万トン、2020年には850万トン、また2015〜2020年の年平均成長率 (CAGR) は3.7%に達する、と推計されています。

当レポートでは、世界の商用水素市場を取り上げ、工業用/商用水素の特性や基本的な市場構造、世界市場の最新動向と将来展望、現在までの技術開発の成果 (バイオ水素の生成、地域レベルでの生産、ナノテクロノジーの活用など) と必要な開発費用、主な研究分野・最終用途市場・生産技術の詳細、特許・知的所有権 (IP) 活動の概況、主要企業のプロファイルといった情報を取りまとめてお届けいたします。

第1章 イントロダクション

第2章 サマリー

第3章 工業用水素の市場

  • 水素
  • 世界の水素生産量
  • 商用水素の大規模生産技術
  • 分散型水素生産方式
  • 輸送状況:液化・再ガス化
  • プラントの資本コスト
  • パイプラインの経済性
  • 商用水素のコストとエンドユーザー

第4章 世界の商用水素の市場

  • 市場概況
  • 欧州市場
  • 中国
  • 世界の商用水素の生産量

第5章 北米の商用水素の需要

  • 市場需要と最終用途市場
  • 商用/工業用水素の市場需要の促進要因
    • 石油精製
    • 食品産業/食用油
    • 化学産業
    • 製鉄業/冶金工業
    • 電子機械産業
    • ガラス加工産業
    • 電力業
    • 研究開発 (R&D) 需要
    • 米国の商用水素需要の予測
  • 水素エネルギー市場の促進要因
    • 燃料電池技術
  • 水素の環境上の特性
  • 水素の純度
  • 燃料電池と商用水素
  • 商用水素向け装置の市場
    • 一体型改質器
    • 投資リスク
    • 規制・法令・規格
    • 補助金・税制
    • 州レベルでの取り組み

第6章 北米での商用水素の生産

  • 現在の水素生産レベル
  • 水素精製施設の立地
  • 商用水素プラントの立地
  • 生産設備の拡張計画
  • 再生可能エネルギー源由来の水素
    • 再生可能エネルギーと商用水素との関係性

第7章 商用水素:技術開発

  • 概要
  • 新たな生産技術
  • 触媒

第8章 商用水素の輸送手段

  • パイプライン
  • シリンダー/トラック輸送
  • オンサイト (現地) 生産
  • 水素インフラ関連の課題
    • 政策上の背景事情
    • 技術的な背景以上
    • 水素エネルギーシステムの開発

第9章 水素貯蔵

  • 水素の貯蔵と水素燃料車
  • 水素燃料車の貯蔵オプション
  • 水素化物の固体貯蔵

第10章 産業構造と企業プロファイル

  • 市場集中度
  • 企業プロファイル
    • 概況
    • 工業用ガス供給業者 (計10社)
    • 製油所・石油精製業者 (計12社)
    • 燃料電池 (計6社)
    • 電気自動車 (計7社)
    • 電解槽・分散型改質器 (計6社)
    • 水素精製・センサー (計11社)
    • 貯蔵業者 (計14社)

第11章 特許分析

  • 水素の生産・貯蔵・利用
  • 燃料電池向け特殊特許
  • サンプル特許 (全35件)

第12章 水素用語および頭字語

図表一覧

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目次
Product Code: CHM042C

REPORT HIGHLIGHTS

The global production of merchant hydrogen was 6.8 million metric tons in 2014, and is expected to reach 7.1 million metric tons in 2015 and 8.5 million metric tons by 2020, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 3.7% from 2015 to 2020.

This report provides:

  • Investigation and assessment of the future use of merchant hydrogen and on-site distributed generation.
  • Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2014, estimates for 2015, and projections of CAGRs through 2020.
  • Definitions of individual markets and technical applications for hydrogen.
  • Coverage of cutting-edge developments, areas such as biological processing, localized production, and nanotechnology where considerable research dollars are being spent.
  • Detailed analyses of research focuses, end-use markets, and production technologies.
  • Information on patent and intellectual property (IP) activity.
  • An overview of the structure of the industry and extensive company profiles of the leading organizations in the field.

SCOPE OF STUDY

This BCC Research study focuses on key hydrogen technologies and applications. It provides data about the size and growth of both captive and merchant hydrogen markets, lists company profiles, and discusses patent trends and industry trends. Cutting-edge developments, research priorities, and potential business opportunities are a key focus.

The report includes the following:

  • Investigation and assessment of the future use of merchant hydrogen as an industrial gas and the roles likely played by the emerging hydrogen energy market.
  • Analysis of trends in the market, with data for 2014, estimates for 2015, and projected compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2020.
  • An overview of the structure of the industry and extensive company profiles of the leading organizations.
  • Detailed analyses of research focuses, end-use markets, and production technologies.
  • Analysis of patent and intellectual property (IP) activity.

ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS

The author of this report, Gerry Runte, holds B.S. and M.Eng. degrees in mathematics, chemistry, and nuclear engineering. He has more than 30 years of experience and has demonstrated expertise in leadership, strategy development, corporate planning, development of strategic alliances, product development, and new business start-up in the energy industry, with special emphasis in hydrogen energy systems. Currently, he heads Worthington Sawtelle LLC, a consulting and research firm that provides a full portfolio of business planning and strategy services to both new and existing participants in emerging markets; these services include market assessments; policy analysis and development; business strategy; go-to-market planning and launch; product commercialization strategies; feasibility studies; and due diligence on behalf of investors. He is also a contributing analyst to market research firms on smart grid, nuclear power, HVDC, and distributed-generation sectors.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION

  • OVERVIEW
  • COMMERCIAL PRODUCTION AND END-USE MARKETS
  • SCOPE OF STUDY
  • INTENDED AUDIENCE
  • METHODOLOGY
  • INFORMATION SOURCES
  • ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
  • RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
  • BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
  • DISCLAIMER

CHAPTER 2 - SUMMARY

  • INDUSTRIAL HYDROGEN AND ITS MARKET SEGMENTS
  • MERCHANT HYDROGEN
  • UNITS
  • MAJOR FINDINGS
  • SUMMARY TABLE: GLOBAL PRODUCTION OF MERCHANT HYDROGEN BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION METRIC TONS)
  • SUMMARY FIGURE: GLOBAL PRODUCTION OF MERCHANT HYDROGEN BY REGION, 2014-2020 (MILLION METRIC TONS)

CHAPTER 3 - INDUSTRIAL HYDROGEN MARKETS

  • HYDROGEN
    • TABLE 1: HYDROGEN PRODUCTION FEEDSTOCKS
  • GLOBAL PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN
    • INDUSTRIAL HYDROGEN MARKETS-NORTH AMERICA
      • FIGURE 1: HYDROGEN INDUSTRY TAXONOMY, 2013 (MILLION METRIC TONS)
      • TABLE 2: GLOBAL HYDROGEN PRODUCTION BY SEGMENT, 2013 (MILLION METRIC TONS)
      • TABLE 3: GLOBAL AND U.S. HYDROGEN PRODUCTION, 2009-2013 (MILLION METRIC TONS/YEAR)
    • MERCHANT HYDROGEN MARKET
      • TABLE 4: PRODUCTION AND VALUE OF THE U.S. MERCHANT HYDROGEN MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION METRIC TONS/$ BILLIONS)
      • TABLE 5: NORTH AMERICAN SHARE OF MERCHANT HYDROGEN CAPACITY BY INDUSTRY TYPE, 2014 (%)
      • TABLE 6: NORTH AMERICAN SHARE OF MERCHANT HYDROGEN CAPACITY BY COMPANY, 2014 (%)
      • FIGURE 2: PROBABLE RANGE OF VALUE OF MERCHANT HYDROGEN MARKET, 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • LARGE-SCALE MERCHANT HYDROGEN PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES
    • STEAM METHANE REFORMATION OF NATURAL GAS
    • COAL GASIFICATION
  • DISTRIBUTED HYDROGEN PRODUCTION
    • REFORMATION OF BIO-DERIVED LIQUIDS
    • COAL AND BIOMASS GASIFICATION
    • MERCHANT MARKET DELIVERY MODES
      • TABLE 7: MERCHANT MARKET DELIVERY MODES (%)
  • DELIVERY STATE: LIQUEFACTION AND GASIFICATION
    • ECONOMICS
      • FIGURE 3: THEORETICAL VOLATILITY IN PRICE OF HYDROGEN FROM NATURAL GAS, 2005-2014
  • PLANT CAPITAL COSTS
    • ROLE IN OIL REFINERY COST
      • TABLE 8: HYDROGEN'S SHARE OF OIL REFINERY FIXED AND VARIABLE OPERATING COSTS, 2014 (%)
    • AS AN ENERGY FUEL
      • TABLE 9: FUEL CELL VEHICLE COST PER MILE USING DISTRIBUTED, NATURAL GAS--SOURCED HYDROGEN FUEL
      • FIGURE 4: HYPOTHETICAL NET NON-DISCOUNTED CASH FLOW: FUEL CELLS VS. BATTERIES BY YEAR OF OPERATION ($ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 5: HYPOTHETICAL ANNUALIZED TOTAL COST OF OWNERSHIP, CLASS III FORKLIFT, 2014
  • PIPELINE ECONOMICS
    • U.S. DEMAND FOR MERCHANT HYDROGEN
      • TABLE 10: U.S. MERCHANT HYDROGEN PRODUCTION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION METRIC TONS)
  • MERCHANT HYDROGEN COSTS AND END USERS
    • HYDROGEN PRODUCTION CAPACITY AT REFINERIES
      • TABLE 11: GLOBAL PRODUCTION CAPACITY OF HYDROGEN AT PETROLEUM REFINERIES, 2008-2013 (MILLION STANDARD CUBIC FEET/DAY)

CHAPTER 4 - GLOBAL MERCHANT HYDROGEN MARKETS

  • GLOBAL MERCHANT HYDROGEN MARKET OVERVIEW
    • TABLE 12: REGIONAL END USES OF HYDROGEN PRODUCTION, 2013 (%)
  • EUROPEAN MARKETS
    • EUROPEAN PRODUCTION
      • TABLE 13: MERCHANT HYDROGEN PRODUCTION IN EUROPE, 2003-2013
      • TABLE 14: FORECAST FOR MERCHANT HYDROGEN PRODUCTION IN EUROPE, THROUGH 2020
      • TABLE 15: MERCHANT LIQUID AND COMPRESSED GAS HYDROGEN PRODUCTION CAPACITY IN EUROPE BY COMPANY AND LOCATION, 2014
    • EUROPEAN PIPELINES
      • TABLE 16: EUROPEAN HYDROGEN PIPELINE MILES BY COUNTRY, 2014
      • TABLE 17: EUROPEAN HYDROGEN PIPELINE MILES BY OWNER, 2014
  • CHINA
    • TABLE 18: CHINESE CONSUMPTION OF HYDROGEN BY END USE, 2014 (MILLION METRIC TONS)
  • GLOBAL MERCHANT HYDROGEN PRODUCTION
    • TABLE 19: GLOBAL PRODUCTION OF MERCHANT HYDROGEN BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION METRIC TONS)

CHAPTER 5 - NORTH AMERICAN MERCHANT HYDROGEN DEMAND

  • MARKET DEMAND AND END-USE MARKETS
  • MERCHANT INDUSTRIAL HYDROGEN MARKET DEMAND DRIVERS
    • OIL REFINING
    • FOOD INDUSTRY/EDIBLE OIL
    • CHEMICAL INDUSTRY
      • Hydrogen Peroxide
      • Methanol
      • Ammonia
      • Alcohols
      • Chemical Industry Growth
    • STEEL INDUSTRY/METALLURGY
      • Annealing
      • Neutral Hardening
      • Sintering
      • Metals Industry Growth
    • ELECTRONICS INDUSTRY
    • GLASS PROCESSING INDUSTRY
    • POWER INDUSTRY
    • RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT DEMAND
    • U.S. MERCHANT HYDROGEN DEMAND FORECAST
      • TABLE 20: U.S. MERCHANT HYDROGEN DEMAND FORECAST BY END USE, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION METRIC TONS)
  • HYDROGEN ENERGY MARKET DRIVERS
    • FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGY
      • TABLE 21: FY2014 AND FY2015 FEDERAL R&D BUDGET BY ACTIVITY ($ MILLIONS)
  • ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF HYDROGEN
  • HYDROGEN PURITY
  • FUEL CELLS AND MERCHANT HYDROGEN
    • Stationary Power
      • TABLE 22: PHOSPHORIC ACID FUEL CELL CAPACITY BY STATE, 2014 (MW)
      • TABLE 23: MOLTEN CARBONATE FUEL CELL CAPACITY BY STATE, 2014 (KW)
      • TABLE 24: BLOOM ENERGY SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL CAPACITY BY STATE, 2014 (KW)
    • Vehicles
      • TABLE 25 U.S. FUEL CELL BUS PROJECTS, 2014
    • Transportation Infrastructure
      • TABLE 26: U.S. HYDROGEN FUELING STATIONS, OPERATING OR PLANNED AS OF END OF 2014
    • Material Handling Equipment
    • Back-Up and Remote Power Generation
    • Utility-Scale Energy Storage
    • Distributed Hydrogen Production Systems
      • TABLE 27: MANUFACTURING R &D CHALLENGES FOR DISTRIBUTED HYDROGEN PRODUCTION
    • High-Purity Hydrogen Market and On-Site Demand
  • MERCHANT HYDROGEN EQUIPMENT MARKETS
    • INTEGRATED REFORMERS
      • TABLE 28: POWER PLANT CAPITAL AND OPERATING COSTS: FUEL CELLS VERSUS CONVENTIONAL OPTIONS, 2013
    • INVESTMENT RISK
    • REGULATIONS, CODES AND STANDARDS
    • SUBSIDIES AND TAXES
    • STATE-LEVEL INITIATIVES
      • California
      • Connecticut
      • Florida
      • New York
      • Ohio
      • Texas

CHAPTER 6 - NORTH AMERICAN MERCHANT PRODUCTION

  • CURRENT HYDROGEN PRODUCTION LEVELS
    • TABLE 29: HYDROGEN PRODUCTION LEVELS, 2010-2014 (MILLION METRIC TONS)
  • LOCATION OF THE HYDROGEN REFINERY CAPACITY
    • TABLE 30: TOP U.S. REFINERY HYDROGEN PRODUCERS, 2013
  • LOCATION OF THE MERCHANT PLANTS
    • TABLE 31: MERCHANT LIQUID AND COMPRESSED GAS HYDROGEN PRODUCTION CAPACITY IN THE U.S. AND CANADA BY COMPANY AND LOCATION, 2014
  • PLANNED EXPANSIONS FOR PRODUCTION
  • HYDROGEN FROM RENEWABLE RESOURCES
    • HOW RENEWABLE POWER RELATES TO MERCHANT HYDROGEN
      • TABLE 32: RENEWABLES-BASED HYDROGEN PRODUCTION PROJECTS, AS OF END 2014
      • TABLE 33: APPROACHES TO USING RENEWABLE POWER TO PRODUCE HYDROGEN BY PROJECT CATEGORY

CHAPTER 7 - MERCHANT HYDROGEN: TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT

  • OVERVIEW
  • EMERGING PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES
    • ELECTROLYSIS AND THERMOLYSIS
    • ADVANCED MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGY
    • HYDROGEN FROM NUCLEAR POWER
    • COAL TO HYDROGEN
    • BIOHYDROGEN PATHWAYS
      • Conversion of Biomass and Wastes
      • Direct-Fermentation Hydrogen Production
      • Biological Electrolysis
      • Bio-Catalyzed Electrolysis
      • Hydrogen from Microalgae and Cyanobacteria
    • PLASMA REFORMING
    • SOLAR THERMOCHEMICAL HYDROGEN PRODUCTION
    • HYDROGEN VIA WASTEWATER REMEDIATION
    • DIRECT SUNLIGHT-TO-HYDROGEN CONVERSION
  • CATALYSTS
    • OXYGEN AND HYDROGEN EVOLUTION REACTION CATALYSTS
    • ATOMICALLY DISPERSED PLATINUM CATALYST
    • MOLYBDENUM SULFIDE AS PLATINUM CATALYST REPLACEMENT
    • STANFORD NICKEL IRON CATALYST
    • NANOSTRUCTURED NICKEL HYDROXIDE

CHAPTER 8 - MERCHANT HYDROGEN DELIVERY MODES

  • TABLE 34: TYPICAL HYDROGEN SALE QUANTITIES (KG/SCF)
  • PIPELINES
    • TABLE 35: U.S. HYDROGEN PIPELINE MILES BY STATE, 2006-2014
    • TABLE 36: NORTH AMERICAN HYDROGEN PIPELINE MILES BY OWNER, 2014
    • MAJOR PIPELINE ADDITIONS
    • ECONOMICS OF PIPELINE TRANSPORT
  • CYLINDER AND TRUCK DELIVERY
  • ON-SITE PRODUCTION
  • HYDROGEN INFRASTRUCTURE ISSUES
    • POLICY CONTEXT (GENERAL)
    • POLICY CONTEXT (HYDROGEN-SPECIFIC)
    • TECHNOLOGY CONTEXT
    • DEVELOPMENT OF A HYDROGEN ENERGY SYSTEM

CHAPTER 9 - HYDROGEN STORAGE

  • STORAGE AND HYDROGEN-FUELED VEHICLES
  • HYDROGEN-FUELED VEHICLE STORAGE OPTIONS
    • TABLE 37: EXAMPLES OF VEHICLE COMPRESSED HYDROGEN STORAGE SYSTEMS
  • HYDRIDE SOLID-STATE STORAGE
    • TABLE 38: HYDROGEN SOLID-STATE STORAGE MATERIALS AND TRADE-OFFS
    • ALUMINUM HYDRIDE STORAGE MATERIAL
    • METAL HYDRIDE CLUSTERS
    • METAL-ORGANIC FRAMEWORK OPTIMIZED FOR HYDROGEN STORAGE

CHAPTER 10 - INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND COMPANY PROFILES

  • MARKET CONCENTRATION
    • TABLE 39: TOP U.S. REFINERY HYDROGEN PRODUCERS BASED ON CAPACITY, 2013 (MILLION STANDARD CUBIC FEET PER DAY/%)
    • TABLE 40: MERCHANT HYDROGEN PRODUCTION BY SUPPLIER, 2013 (MILLION METRIC TONS)
  • COMPANY PROFILES
    • OVERVIEW
    • INDUSTRIAL GAS PROVIDERS
      • Airgas Inc.
      • Air Liquide
      • Air Products and Chemicals
      • Equistar Chemicals LP
      • General Hydrogen
      • Iwatani International Corp.
      • Linde AG
      • Praxair Inc.
      • Sinopec Maoming Co.
      • United Hydrogen Group
    • REFINERS AND REFINERIES
      • Amec Foster Wheeler Ltd.
      • BP plc
      • Chevron
      • ConocoPhillips
      • Exxon Mobil Corp.
      • Flint Hills Resources
      • MarkWest Javelina
      • Motiva Enterprises LLC
      • Shell Deer Park Refining
      • Shell Oil
      • Tesoro Corp.
      • Valero Energy Corp.
    • FUEL CELLS
      • Ballard Power Systems
      • Bloom Energy Corp.
      • Ceramatec
      • FuelCell Energy Inc.
      • Hydrogenics Corp.
      • Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems Ltd.
    • VEHICLES
      • Asia Pacific Fuel Cell Technologies Ltd.
      • Bayerische Motor Werke
      • Eden Energy (formerly Hythane)
      • Hyundai Motors
      • Magna International Inc.
      • Toyota Motors
      • US Hybrid
    • ELECTROLYZERS AND DISTRIBUTED REFORMERS
      • Acta SpA
      • Hyster-Yale Materials Handling Inc.
      • Intelligent Energy
      • ITM Power Plc.
      • NEL Hydrogen AS
      • Proton OnSite Inc.
    • HYDROGEN PURIFICATION AND SENSORS
      • Chart Industries (formerly Engineered Gas Systems)
      • Element One
      • H2scan
      • Hy9 Corp.
      • Makel Engineering Inc.
      • Xebec Adsorption Inc.
      • CATALYSTS
      • E. I. Du Pont de Nemours and Co.
      • Haldor Topsoe A/S
      • Membrane Technology and Research Inc.
      • Nanomix Inc.
    • STORAGE
      • Quantum Technologies
      • Toshiba Corp.
      • START-UPS AND R&D
      • Advanced Materials Corp.
      • AlumiFuel Power Corporation
      • American Hydrogen Corp.
      • Batelle Memorial Institute
      • BC Hydro
      • Gas Technology Institute (GTI)
      • Hydrogen Union Equipment Ltd.
      • Jetstream Energy Technologies Inc.
      • Mo-Sci Corp.
      • National Center for Hydrogen Technology
      • Yangtze Energy Technologies Inc.

CHAPTER 11 - PATENT ANALYSIS

  • HYDROGEN PRODUCTION, STORAGE, AND UTILIZATION
    • TABLE 41: DISTRIBUTION OF HYDROGEN PATENTS BASED ON MAJOR FIELD OF APPLICATION, 2014 (NUMBER OF PATENTS/%)
  • FUEL CELL SPECIFIC PATENTS
  • SAMPLE PATENTS
    • GAS DETECTION SYSTEM, FUEL CELL SYSTEM, AND VEHICLE
    • INTEGRATED SYSTEM FOR HYDROGEN AND METHANE PRODUCTION FROM INDUSTRIAL ORGANIC WASTES AND BIOMASS
    • HYDROGEN STORAGE METHOD, HYDROGEN GENERATING METHOD, HYDROGEN STORAGE APPARATUS AND HYDROGEN GENERATING APPARATUS
    • PROCESS FOR THE PREPARATION OF HYDROGEN AND CARBON MONOXIDE CONTAINING GAS
    • INTEGRATED SYSTEM FOR HYDROGEN AND METHANE PRODUCTION FROM INDUSTRIAL ORGANIC WASTES AND BIOMASS
    • HYDROGEN COMBUSTION CATALYST AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THEREOF, AND METHOD FOR COMBUSTING HYDROGEN
    • HYDROGEN STORAGE MATERIALS AND HYDROGEN FUEL CELLS
    • CONTINUOUS HYDROGEN PRODUCTION DEVICE AND METHOD THEREOF
    • ELECTROLYSER MODULE
    • REFORMING SYSTEM, FUEL CELL SYSTEM, AND ITS OPERATION METHOD
    • SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MANAGING FUEL CELL OPERATING CONDITIONS IN A MOBILE COMMUNICATION DEVICE
    • METHOD TO COLD-START FUEL CELL SYSTEM AT SUB-ZERO TEMPERATURES
    • INTEGRATION OF AN ORGANIC RANKINE CYCLE WITH A FUEL CELL
    • CARBOHYDRATE ANODE FOR FUEL CELL AND BATTERY APPLICATIONS
    • AIR-COOLED FUEL CELL VEHICLE
    • HYDROGEN DETECTION SYSTEM
    • FUEL CELL POWER PRODUCTION SYSTEM WITH AN INTEGRATED HYDROGEN UTILIZATION DEVICE
    • HYBRID HYDROGEN STORAGE SYSTEM AND METHOD USING THE SAME
    • CATALYST FOR GENERATING HYDROGEN AND METHOD FOR GENERATING HYDROGEN
    • FUEL CELL UNIT AND FUEL CELL DEVICE COMPRISING A NUMBER OF SAID FUEL CELL UNITS
    • GAS SEPARATION PROCESS FOR PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN BY AUTOTHERMAL REFORMING OF NATURAL GAS, WITH CARBON DIOXIDE RECOVERY SYSTEM
    • HYDROGEN PRODUCING UNIT
    • PHOTOCATALYTIC HYDROGEN PRODUCTION IN CYANOBACTERIA.
    • CATALYTIC METHOD FOR OBTAINING HYDROGEN OR A HYDROGEN-RICH GAS STARTING FROM BIOETHANOL AND/OR ETHANOL
    • HYDROGEN STORAGE MATERIAL AND METHOD OF PRODUCING THE SAME
    • THERMALLY PRIMED HYDROGEN-PRODUCING FUEL CELL SYSTEM
    • HYDROGEN PRODUCTION SYSTEM AND REFORMING APPARATUS
    • HYDROGEN DETECTING SURFACE PLASMON RESONATOR, SURFACE PLASMON RESONANCE OPTICAL HYDROGEN DETECTOR AND METHOD FOR OPTICALLY DETECTING HYDROGEN USING SURFACE PLASMON RESONANCE
    • NANOENGINEERED MATERIAL FOR HYDROGEN STORAGE
    • HYDROGEN-PRODUCING FUEL CELL SYSTEMS WITH LOAD-RESPONSIVE FEEDSTOCK DELIVERY SYSTEMS
    • SENSORS FOR HYDROGEN, AMMONIA
    • HOLLOW POROUS-WALL GLASS MICROSPHERES FOR HYDROGEN STORAGE
    • COMPOSITE HYDROGEN STORAGE MATERIAL AND METHODS RELATED THERETO
    • MONITORABLE HYDROGEN SENSOR SYSTEM
    • HYDROGEN PRODUCTION DEVICE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING HYDROGEN

CHAPTER 12 - HYDROGEN GLOSSARY AND ACRONYMS

  • HYDROGEN GLOSSARY AND ACRONYMS

LIST OF TABLES

  • SUMMARY TABLE: GLOBAL PRODUCTION OF MERCHANT HYDROGEN BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION METRIC TONS)
    • TABLE 1: HYDROGEN PRODUCTION FEEDSTOCKS
    • TABLE 2: GLOBAL HYDROGEN PRODUCTION BY SEGMENT, 2013 (MILLION METRIC TONS)
    • TABLE 3: GLOBAL AND U.S. HYDROGEN PRODUCTION, 2009-2013 (MILLION METRIC TONS/YEAR)
    • TABLE 4: PRODUCTION AND VALUE OF THE U.S. MERCHANT HYDROGEN MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION METRIC TONS/$ BILLIONS)
    • TABLE 5: NORTH AMERICAN SHARE OF MERCHANT HYDROGEN CAPACITY BY INDUSTRY TYPE, 2014 (%)
    • TABLE 6: NORTH AMERICAN SHARE OF MERCHANT HYDROGEN CAPACITY BY COMPANY, 2014 (%)
    • TABLE 7: MERCHANT MARKET DELIVERY MODES (%)
    • TABLE 8: HYDROGEN'S SHARE OF OIL REFINERY FIXED AND VARIABLE OPERATING COSTS, 2014 (%)
    • TABLE 9: FUEL CELL VEHICLE COST PER MILE USING DISTRIBUTED, NATURAL GAS--SOURCED HYDROGEN FUEL
    • TABLE 10: U.S. MERCHANT HYDROGEN PRODUCTION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION METRIC TONS)
    • TABLE 11: GLOBAL PRODUCTION CAPACITY OF HYDROGEN AT PETROLEUM REFINERIES, 2008-2013 (MILLION STANDARD CUBIC FEET/DAY)
    • TABLE 12: REGIONAL END USES OF HYDROGEN PRODUCTION, 2013 (%)
    • TABLE 13: MERCHANT HYDROGEN PRODUCTION IN EUROPE, 2003-2013
    • TABLE 14: FORECAST FOR MERCHANT HYDROGEN PRODUCTION IN EUROPE, THROUGH 2020
    • TABLE 15: MERCHANT LIQUID AND COMPRESSED GAS HYDROGEN PRODUCTION CAPACITY IN EUROPE BY COMPANY AND LOCATION, 2014
    • TABLE 16: EUROPEAN HYDROGEN PIPELINE MILES BY COUNTRY, 2014
    • TABLE 17: EUROPEAN HYDROGEN PIPELINE MILES BY OWNER, 2014
    • TABLE 18: CHINESE CONSUMPTION OF HYDROGEN BY END USE, 2014 (MILLION METRIC TONS)
    • TABLE 19: GLOBAL PRODUCTION OF MERCHANT HYDROGEN BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION METRIC TONS)
    • TABLE 20: U.S. MERCHANT HYDROGEN DEMAND FORECAST BY END USE, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION METRIC TONS)
    • TABLE 21: FY2014 AND FY2015 FEDERAL R&D BUDGET BY ACTIVITY ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 22: PHOSPHORIC ACID FUEL CELL CAPACITY BY STATE, 2014 (MW)
    • TABLE 23: MOLTEN CARBONATE FUEL CELL CAPACITY BY STATE, 2014 (KW)
    • TABLE 24: BLOOM ENERGY SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL CAPACITY BY STATE, 2014 (KW)
    • TABLE 25: U.S. FUEL CELL BUS PROJECTS, 2014
    • TABLE 26: U.S. HYDROGEN FUELING STATIONS, OPERATING OR PLANNED AS OF END OF 2014
    • TABLE 27: MANUFACTURING R &D CHALLENGES FOR DISTRIBUTED HYDROGEN PRODUCTION
    • TABLE 28: POWER PLANT CAPITAL AND OPERATING COSTS: FUEL CELLS VERSUS CONVENTIONAL OPTIONS, 2013
    • TABLE 29: HYDROGEN PRODUCTION LEVELS, 2010-2014 (MILLION METRIC TONS)
    • TABLE 30: TOP U.S. REFINERY HYDROGEN PRODUCERS, 2013
    • TABLE 31: MERCHANT LIQUID AND COMPRESSED GAS HYDROGEN PRODUCTION CAPACITY IN THE U.S. AND CANADA BY COMPANY AND LOCATION, 2014
    • TABLE 32: RENEWABLES-BASED HYDROGEN PRODUCTION PROJECTS, AS OF END 2014
    • TABLE 33: APPROACHES TO USING RENEWABLE POWER TO PRODUCE HYDROGEN BY PROJECT CATEGORY
    • TABLE 34: TYPICAL HYDROGEN SALE QUANTITIES (KG/SCF)
    • TABLE 35: U.S. HYDROGEN PIPELINE MILES BY STATE, 2006-2014
    • TABLE 36: NORTH AMERICAN HYDROGEN PIPELINE MILES BY OWNER, 2014
    • TABLE 37: EXAMPLES OF VEHICLE COMPRESSED HYDROGEN STORAGE SYSTEMS
    • TABLE 38: HYDROGEN SOLID-STATE STORAGE MATERIALS AND TRADE-OFFS
    • TABLE 39: TOP U.S. REFINERY HYDROGEN PRODUCERS BASED ON CAPACITY, 2013 (MILLION STANDARD CUBIC FEET PER DAY/%)
    • TABLE 40: MERCHANT HYDROGEN PRODUCTION BY SUPPLIER, 2013 (MILLION METRIC TONS)
    • TABLE 41: DISTRIBUTION OF HYDROGEN PATENTS BASED ON MAJOR FIELD OF APPLICATION, 2014 (NUMBER OF PATENTS/%)

LIST OF FIGURES

  • SUMMARY FIGURE: GLOBAL PRODUCTION OF MERCHANT HYDROGEN BY REGION, 2014-2020 (MILLION METRIC TONS)
    • FIGURE 1: HYDROGEN INDUSTRY TAXONOMY, 2013 (MILLION METRIC TONS)
    • FIGURE 2: PROBABLE RANGE OF VALUE OF MERCHANT HYDROGEN MARKET, 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 3: THEORETICAL VOLATILITY IN PRICE OF HYDROGEN FROM NATURAL GAS, 2005-2014
    • FIGURE 4: HYPOTHETICAL NET NON-DISCOUNTED CASH FLOW: FUEL CELLS VS. BATTERIES BY YEAR OF OPERATION ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 5: HYPOTHETICAL ANNUALIZED TOTAL COST OF OWNERSHIP, CLASS III FORKLIFT, 2014
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