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バイオガスのエネルギー変換技術:技術と世界市場

Biogas Upgrading: Technologies and Global Markets

発行 BCC Research 商品コード 223031
出版日 ページ情報 英文 331 Pages
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バイオガスのエネルギー変換技術:技術と世界市場 Biogas Upgrading: Technologies and Global Markets
出版日: 2014年02月24日 ページ情報: 英文 331 Pages
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BCC Research社のレポートは、Reuter、Wall Street Journal、Fortuneなどで引用されることも多く、それぞれの業界の識者の意見として重きを置かれています。同社レポートを複数冊ご購入の場合年間パッケージのご契約がお得です。詳細は右の担当者のおすすめ商品よりご覧下さい。
概要

バイオガスのエネルギー変換設備の世界市場は、2011年に1億2540万米ドルに達しました。この市場は、2013年には1億9870万米ドル、2018年には4億4240万米ドルにまで成長する見通しです。

当レポートでは、世界におけるバイオガスのエネルギー変換技術の概要、市場動向、廃材からの粗バイオガスへの変換やエネルギー作物を再生可能エネルギー源にするための装置の分析、バイオメタン製造に使用される原材料のレビュー、主要企業のプロファイル等を提供しており、概略以下の構成でお届けします。

第1章 イントロダクション

第2章 エグゼクティブサマリー

第3章 技術概要

  • バイオガスエネルギーのメリット
  • バイオガスの他の再生可能エネルギーに勝るメリット
  • 大規模バイオガスプラントの設置における障壁
  • 小規模バイオガスの設置のメリット
  • 小規模バイオガスの設置における障壁
  • 世界のバイオガス製造の可能性
  • バイオガス産業への影響因子
  • バイオガスの歴史
  • 嫌気性消化
  • エネルギー変換技術
  • 資金的要件とコスト

第4章 バイオガスのエネルギー変換技術

  • 硫化水素
  • バイオガスのエネルギー変換技術
  • 新たなエネルギー変換技術
  • バイオガスのエネルギー変換装置の市場規模・成長率(技術タイプ別)

第5章 バイオガスの供給源

  • 都市廃水
  • 生物系廃棄物
  • 農業廃棄物・エネルギー作物
  • ランドフィルガス
  • バイオガスのエネルギー変換装置の市場規模・成長率(供給源別)

第6章 バイオメタンのエンドユーズ

  • ガスグリッドへの投入
  • 輸送設備用燃料
  • ガスグリッド投入・車両燃料の基準
  • バイオガスのエネルギー変換装置の市場規模・成長率(エンドユーズ別)

第7章 世界におけるバイオガスエネルギー変換技術の発展

  • バイオガスのエネルギー変換装置の市場規模・成長率(地域別)
    • 北米
    • 欧州
    • アジア太平洋地域
    • その他の地域

第8章 産業構造

  • 市場シェア
  • 企業プロファイル

このページに掲載されている内容は最新版と異なる場合があります。詳細はお問い合わせください。

目次
Product Code: EGY086B

The global market for biogas upgrading equipment reached $125.4 million in 2011. This market is expected to grow to $198.7 million in 2013 and $442.4 million in 2018, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 17.4%.

This report provides:

  • An overview of the global market for biogas upgrading technologies
  • Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2012, estimates for 2013, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2018.
  • Analysis of the equipment used to transform crude biogas from waste materials and energy crops into sustainable energy
  • A review of feed sources used for biomethane production
  • Comprehensive profiles of leading in the industry

REPORT SCOPE

INTRODUCTION

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

Renewable, sustainable energy generation will be the fastest-growing energy sector over the next two decades. Price volatility, supply concerns and the environmental aspects of fossil fuels are expected to accelerate the pace of all non-fossil fuel development.

As of this writing, the price of oil has hit highs of more than $100 per barrel on the world market, while U.S. drivers are paying nearly $4 per gallon of gasoline. Renewable domestic energy supplies are seen as a means of overcoming these problems. Biogas, a clean fuel derived primarily from waste materials, is an important alternative to conventional fossil energy.

This BCC Research report provides an in-depth analysis of the world market for the biogas upgrading equipment used to transform crude biogas from waste materials and energy crops into sustainable energy. Six types of upgrading systems are reviewed: water scrubbers, pressure swing adsorption systems, physical absorption and chemical absorption units, membrane systems and units based on cryogenic technology.

Four primary categories of materials are evaluated as feed sources for biomethane production: municipal wastewater (sewage sludge), agricultural wastes and energy crops (manure, agricultural residuals and purpose-grown crops), biowaste (industrial organic wastes and the organic fraction of municipal solid waste) and landfill gas. Two different end uses for the gas are also examined: injection to the natural gas grid and transportation fuel.

The biogas production and biogas upgrading market is far better developed in Europe than in North America, so it is the main focus of this study. Germany has, by far, the largest number of upgrading plants, most of which feed into the grid. Sweden ranks second, with the bulk of its facilities purifying biogas for use as vehicle fuel.

So far, North America's upgrading capacity is primarily based at landfills; little new capacity has been built over the past decade. Although Asia has the largest number of biogas generating systems, the vast majority of these are small-scale plants that serve single dwellings or small communities. In the rest of the world, biogas production is at different stages of development; however, gas upgrading is only just emerging.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY

The need to responsibly dispose of mounting volumes of waste and the requirement to procure sustainable, secure energy supplies are two of the most important issues facing governments and industries around the globe. The production of energy from a number of waste streams (i.e., municipal and domestic sewage, industrial wastewater, landfills, livestock manure and agricultural residues) is a process that addresses both of these challenges.

In the current waste-to-energy market, anaerobic digestion offers a sustainable conversion process. With the addition of a biogas refining step, the waste-derived gas can be used in all applications where conventional natural gas is used. In this context, it is important to have an overview of the market and the drivers that support adoption of the best strategies by governments responsible for sustainable waste handling and energy supply solutions. It is also important for industry players and technology developers to understand current as well as future trends in order to strategize their investments.

INTENDED AUDIENCE

This study is intended to be useful to a broad audience. Because they stand to see the greatest profit from expansion of the biogas industry, manufacturers and suppliers of biogas upgrading equipment and providers of upgrading technology would likely benefit the most from the data contained in this study. Companies with plant components, ancillary equipment and related products also might profit from the information collected here.

These include manufacturers and suppliers of anaerobic digesters and digester technology, biogas distributors, water and power engineering firms, suppliers of power plants and electricity generating equipment, environmental management firms, companies specializing in anaerobic digestion equipment and other water and wastewater treatment equipment, companies developing additives (chemicals, enzymes, etc.) to enhance gas production yields and process efficiencies.

Other beneficiaries of biogas upgrading that might find this study of value are farmers, participants in the food industry, waste processors, transportation sector players, and project developers and investors.

SCOPE AND FORMAT

The scope of this report is the global market for biogas upgrading equipment. Market value and growth is evaluated for six different types of upgrading systems: water scrubbing, pressure swing adsorption, physical absorption, chemical absorption, membrane separation and cryogenic technology.

The market is broken down by four different feed sources: municipal and domestic sewage, industrial wastewater, landfill gas, and agricultural wastes, a category that includes animal manures and crop residues. Additionally, the market is examined according to end use, injection into the gas grid and transportation fuel.

A discussion of the market by world region includes overviews of North America, Europe, Asia and the rest of the world, with individual profiles for countries most active in each region. Present market status, biogas upgrading plant installations, and policies and incentives that support the industry are given for each country. All market valuations and projections cover the years from 2000 to 2018. Market figures are based on the revenues derived from equipment sales and are projected in 2013 constant dollars (i.e., inflation is not computed into the projection figures). The revenue figures are derived from estimated revenues of the key players in a particular year.

A technology overview, a discussion on the structure of the industry, and brief profiles for major participating companies are included. The machinery used to transform the gas to electricity (reciprocating and other types of gas engines, turbine and microturbines, and fuel cells) is not included in the analysis.

METHODOLOGY

Both primary and secondary research methodologies were used in preparing this study. A comprehensive literature, patent and Internet search was undertaken and key industry players were queried. Research methodology was both quantitative and qualitative. Growth rates were calculated based on existing and proposed equipment sales during the forecast period. Key data in the report present an overview of average capital costs for upgrading equipment according to technology and application. These figures then were multiplied by anticipated biogas recovery capacity additions during the survey period to calculate market size.

Because the actual number of plants varies widely from year to year, the average number of plants per year over each five-year span (2000 to 2005, 2005 to 2010, etc.) was used to calculate market values.

INFORMATION SOURCES

Information in this report was gleaned from many different sources. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) filings; annual reports; patent literature; business, scientific and industry journals; government reports; census information; conference literature; patent documents; online resources; and industry participants have all been researched.

ANALYST CREDENTIALS

During the past 18 years, Susan Hanft has authored more than 40 market research reports for BCC Research in the fields of alternative energy, membrane technology, water and wastewater treatment, and separations used in food and beverage manufacture, medicine and biotechnology.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2

  • STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 2
  • REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY 2
  • INTENDED AUDIENCE 3
  • SCOPE AND FORMAT 3
  • METHODOLOGY 4
  • INFORMATION SOURCES 4
  • ANALYST CREDENTIALS 4
  • RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS 4
  • BCC RESEARCH ONLINE SERVICES 5
  • DISCLAIMER 5

CHAPTER 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 7

  • SUMMARY TABLE MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT BY WORLD REGION, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 8
  • SUMMARY FIGURE MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT BY WORLD REGION, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 8

CHAPTER 3 TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW 10

  • TABLE 1 GLOBAL PRIMARY ENERGY PRODUCTION BY SOURCE, 2010 (QUADRILLION BTUS, %) 10
  • FIGURE 1 GLOBAL PRIMARY ENERGY PRODUCTION BY SOURCE, 2010 (%) 10
  • TABLE 2 USE OF RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES BY WORLD REGION (MTOE, PRIMARY ENERGY) 11
  • BENEFITS OF BIOGAS ENERGY 12
  • TABLE 3 GLOBAL GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS BY EMISSION TYPE (%) 12
  • FIGURE 2 GLOBAL GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS BY EMISSION TYPE (%) 12
  • ADVANTAGES OF BIOGAS COMPARED TO OTHER FORMS OF RENEWABLE ENERGY 14
  • BARRIERS TO LARGE-SCALE BIOGAS PLANT DEPLOYMENT 14
  • BENEFITS OF SMALL-SCALE BIOGAS INSTALLATIONS 15
  • BARRIERS TO SMALL-SCALE BIOGAS INSTALLATIONS 16
  • GLOBAL BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL 16
  • TABLE 4 GLOBAL BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL BY FEED SOURCE (TOE/YR) 16
  • FIGURE 3 GLOBAL BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL BY FEED SOURCE (TOE/YR) 16
  • FACTORS INFLUENCING THE BIOGAS INDUSTRY 17
    • POLICY 17
    • INCENTIVES 17
  • A HISTORY OF BIOGAS 18
  • ANAEROBIC DIGESTION 19
  • TABLE 5 SUITABLE FEEDSTOCKS FOR ANAEROBIC DIGESTION 19
    • PROCESS STEPS 20
    • BIOGAS YIELDS 20
    • FEEDSTOCKS 21
    • END PRODUCTS 21
      • Biogas 21
      • TABLE 6 TYPICAL COMPOSITION OF BIOGAS (%) 21
      • FIGURE 4 TYPICAL COMPOSITION OF BIOGAS (%) 22
      • Acidogenic Anaerobic Digestate 22
      • Methanogenic Digestate 23
    • Water 23
    • FIGURE 5 THE BIOGAS VALUE CHAIN 23
  • UPGRADING 24
  • FINANCIAL REQUIREMENTS AND COST 25
  • TABLE 7 COMPARISON OF COST, YIELD AND PURITY FOR DIFFERENT UPGRADING TECHNOLOGIES (250 NM3/H PLANT) 26
    • CHEMICAL ABSORPTION 26
    • TABLE 8 CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR CHEMICAL ABSORPTION BIOGAS UPGRADING (CO2 REMOVAL, $) 27
    • FIGURE 6 CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR CHEMICAL ABSORPTION BIOGAS UPGRADING (CO2 REMOVAL, %) 28
    • TABLE 9 OPERATING COSTS FOR CHEMICAL ABSORPTION BIOGAS UPGRADING (CO2 REMOVAL, $) 28
    • FIGURE 7 OPERATING COSTS FOR CHEMICAL ABSORPTION BIOGAS UPGRADING (CO2 REMOVAL, %) 28
    • TABLE 10 CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR CHEMICAL ABSORPTION BIOGAS UPGRADING (H2S REMOVAL, $) 29
    • FIGURE 8 CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR CHEMICAL ABSORPTION BIOGAS UPGRADING (H2S REMOVAL, %) 30
    • TABLE 11 OPERATING COSTS FOR CHEMICAL ABSORPTION BIOGAS UPGRADING (H2S REMOVAL, $) 31
    • FIGURE 9 OPERATING COSTS FOR CHEMICAL ABSORPTION BIOGAS UPGRADING (H2S REMOVAL, %) 31
    • WATER SCRUBBING 32
    • TABLE 12 CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR WATER SCRUBBING BIOGAS UPGRADING ($) 32
    • FIGURE 10 CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR WATER SCRUBBING BIOGAS UPGRADING (%) 32
    • TABLE 13 OPERATING COSTS FOR WATER SCRUBBING BIOGAS UPGRADING ($) 33
    • FIGURE 11 OPERATING COSTS FOR WATER SCRUBBING BIOGAS UPGRADING (%) 33
    • PSA 34
    • TABLE 14 CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR PSA BIOGAS UPGRADING ($) 34
    • FIGURE 12 CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR PSA BIOGAS UPGRADING (%) 34
    • TABLE 15 OPERATING COSTS FOR PSA BIOGAS UPGRADING ($) 35
    • FIGURE 13 OPERATING COSTS FOR PSA BIOGAS UPGRADING (%) 35
    • CRYOGENIC SEPARATION 36
    • TABLE 16 CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR CRYOGENIC BIOGAS UPGRADING ($) 36
    • FIGURE 14 CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR CRYOGENIC BIOGAS UPGRADING (%) 36
    • TABLE 17 OPERATING COSTS FOR CRYOGENIC BIOGAS UPGRADING ($) 37
    • FIGURE 15 OPERATING COSTS CRYOGENIC FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING (%) 38
    • MEMBRANE SEPARATION 38
    • TABLE 18 CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR MEMBRANE-BASED BIOGAS UPGRADING ($) 39
    • FIGURE 16 CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR MEMBRANE-BASED BIOGAS UPGRADING (%) 39
    • TABLE 19 OPERATING COSTS FOR MEMBRANE-BASED BIOGAS UPGRADING ($) 40
    • FIGURE 17 OPERATING COSTS FOR MEMBRANE-BASED BIOGAS UPGRADING (%) 40
    • ECONOMIES OF SCALE 41

CHAPTER 4 UPGRADING TECHNOLOGIES 43

  • H2S 43
  • TABLE 20 MAXIMUM H2S CONCENTRATION IN BIOGAS FOR VARIOUS APPLICATIONS (PPM) 43
  • TABLE 21 MAXIMUM SULFUR CONCENTRATION IN BIOMETHANE FOR GRID INJECTION 43
  • TABLE 22 A COMPARISON OF H2S REMOVAL TECHNOLOGIES 44
    • WATER VAPOR 44
    • TABLE 23 MAXIMUM MOISTURE CONTENT IN BIOMETHANE FOR GRID INJECTION 45
    • AMMONIA 45
    • PARTICLES 45
    • SILOXANES 45
    • HALOGENATED HYDROCARBONS 46
    • OXYGEN 46
    • TABLE 24 MAXIMUM OXYGEN CONCENTRATION IN BIOMETHANE FOR GRID INJECTION (%) 46
    • NITROGEN 46
  • BIOGAS UPGRADING 47
  • TABLE 25 MAXIMUM CO2 CONCENTRATION IN BIOMETHANE FOR GRID INJECTION (%) 47
  • FIGURE 18 BIOGAS UPGRADING TECHNOLOGIES 47
    • PRESSURE SWING ADSORPTION 48
      • Advantages and Disadvantages 49
      • TABLE 26 MAJOR MANUFACTURERS OF PSA TECHNOLOGY FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING 49
    • WATER SCRUBBING 49
      • Advantages and Disadvantages 50
      • TABLE 27 MAJOR MANUFACTURERS OF WATER SCRUBBING TECHNOLOGY FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING 51
    • PHYSICAL ABSORPTION-CHEMICAL SCRUBBING WITH POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 51
      • Advantages and Disadvantages 51
      • TABLE 28 MAJOR MANUFACTURERS OF PHYSICAL ABSORPTION TECHNOLOGY FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING 52
    • CHEMICAL ABSORPTION-CHEMICAL SCRUBBING WITH ORGANIC (AMINE) SOLVENTS 52
      • Advantages and Disadvantages 52
      • TABLE 29 MAJOR MANUFACTURERS OF CHEMICAL ABSORPTION TECHNOLOGY FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING 53
    • MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGY 53
      • Advantages and Drawbacks 54
      • TABLE 30 MAJOR MANUFACTURERS OF MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGY FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING 54
    • CRYOGENIC UPGRADING 54
      • Advantages and Disadvantages 55
      • TABLE 31 MAJOR MANUFACTURERS OF CRYOGENIC TECHNOLOGY FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING 55
      • TABLE 32 A COMPARISON OF MAJOR BIOGAS UPGRADING TECHNOLOGIES 56
    • ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS OF GAS CLEANUP TECHNOLOGIES 56
  • EMERGING UPGRADING TECHNOLOGIES 56
    • IN SITU METHANE ENRICHMENT 57
    • IONIC LIQUIDS 57
    • ECOLOGICAL LUNG 58
  • MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE 58
  • TABLE 33 GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS CONSTRUCTED ANNUALLY BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 1981-NOVEMBER 2013 (NO.) 59
  • FIGURE 19 GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS CONSTRUCTED ANNUALLY BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 2000-NOVEMBER 2013 (NO.) 59
  • TABLE 34 CAPACITY OF GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS CONSTRUCTED ANNUALLY BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 1981-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3/H) 60
  • FIGURE 20 CAPACITY OF GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS CONSTRUCTED ANNUALLY BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 2000-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3/H) 61
    • PSA 61
    • WATER SCRUBBING 62
    • CHEMICAL ABSORPTION 62
    • PHYSICAL ABSORPTION 63
    • MEMBRANE SEPARATION 63
    • CRYOGENIC 64
    • TABLE 35 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 64
    • FIGURE 21 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 64

CHAPTER 5 BIOGAS FEED SOURCES 67

  • MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER 67
  • BIOWASTE 67
  • AGRICULTURAL WASTES AND ENERGY CROPS 68
  • LANDFILL GAS 68
    • ANAEROBIC DIGESTION IN A LANDFILL 69
  • MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT BY FEED SOURCE 69
  • TABLE 36 GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS CONSTRUCTED ANNUALLY BY FEED SOURCE, 1981-NOVEMBER 2013 (NO.) 70
  • FIGURE 22 GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS BY FEED SOURCE AND YEAR, 2000-NOVEMBER 2013 (NO.) 70
  • TABLE 37 GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS BY FEED SOURCE AND YEAR, 1981-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3/H) 71
  • FIGURE 23 GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS BY FEED SOURCE AND YEAR, 2000-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3/H) 72
    • AGRICULTURAL WASTES, ENERGY CROPS 72
    • MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER 73
    • BIOWASTE 74
    • LANDFILL GAS 75
    • TABLE 38 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH OF BIOGAS UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY BY FEED SOURCE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 76
    • FIGURE 24 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH OF BIOGAS UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY BY FEED SOURCE, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 76

CHAPTER 6 END USES FOR BIOMETHANE 79

  • GRID INJECTION 79
    • GRID ACCESS 79
      • Incentives for Grid Injection 80
  • TRANSPORTATION FUEL 80
    • BENEFITS OF USING NATURAL GAS AS TRANSPORTATION FUEL 81
    • BENEFITS OF USING BIOMETHANE AS A TRANSPORTATION FUEL 81
    • GLOBAL GROWTH OF NGVS 82
    • TABLE 39 GLOBAL GROWTH OF NGVS, 2000-2012 (MILLIONS) 82
    • FIGURE 25 GLOBAL GROWTH OF NGVS, 2000-2012 ($ MILLIONS) 82
    • TABLE 40 MARKET PENETRATION OF TOTAL VEHICLE FLEET IN COUNTRIES WITH A 1% OR GREATER NGV MARKET SHARE, 2012 (%) 83
    • FIGURE 26 MARKET PENETRATION OF TOTAL VEHICLE FLEET IN COUNTRIES WITH A 1% OR GREATER NGV MARKET SHARE, 2012 (%) 83
    • POLICIES AND INCENTIVES FOR THE USE OF BIOMETHANE AS TRANSPORTATION FUEL 84
  • STANDARDS FOR GRID INJECTION AND VEHICLE FUEL 85
  • TABLE 41 SELECTED STANDARD BIOMETHANE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRID INJECTION OR FOR UTILIZATION AS VEHICLE FUEL 85
  • MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT BY END USE 86
  • TABLE 42 GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS CONSTRUCTED ANNUALLY BY END USE, 1981-NOVEMBER 2013 (NO.) 86
  • FIGURE 27 GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS CONSTRUCTED ANNUALLY BY END USE, 2000-NOVEMBER 2013 (NO.) 87
  • TABLE 43 GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS CONSTRUCTED ANNUALLY BY END USE, 1981-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3/H) 87
  • FIGURE 28 GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS CONSTRUCTED ANNUALLY BY END USE, 2000-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3/H) 88
    • GAS GRID 89
    • TRANSPORTATION FUEL 90
    • TABLE 44 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY BY END USE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 91
    • FIGURE 29 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY BY END USE, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 91

CHAPTER 7 BIOGAS UPGRADING DEVELOPMENT BY WORLD REGION 94

  • MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT BY WORLD REGION 94
  • TABLE 45 GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS BY REGION, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 94
  • FIGURE 30 GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS BY REGION, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 95
  • TABLE 46 GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY BY REGION, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 96
  • FIGURE 31 GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY BY REGION, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 96
  • TABLE 47 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH OF BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT BY WORLD REGION, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 97
  • FIGURE 32 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH OF BIOGAS UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY BY WORLD REGION, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 97
    • NORTH AMERICA 97
    • TABLE 48 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN NORTH AMERICA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 99
    • FIGURE 33 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN NORTH AMERICA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 99
    • TABLE 49 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN NORTH AMERICA BY END USE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 100
    • FIGURE 34 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN NORTH AMERICA BY END USE, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 100
    • TABLE 50 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN NORTH AMERICA BY FEED SOURCE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 100
    • FIGURE 35 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN NORTH AMERICA BY FEED SOURCE, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 101
      • U.S. 102
        • Barriers to Biogas Upgrading in the U.S. 102
      • Canada 103
    • PRODUCTION OF BIOMETHANE IN NORTH AMERICA 103
    • TABLE 51 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORTH AMERICA BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 103
    • FIGURE 36 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORTH AMERICA BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 103
    • TABLE 52 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 104
    • FIGURE 37 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 104
    • TABLE 53 UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN NORTH AMERICA BY FEED SOURCE, THROUGH NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3 CUMULATIVE) 105
    • FIGURE 38 UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN NORTH AMERICA BY FEED SOURCE, 2000-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3 CUMULATIVE) 105
    • TABLE 54 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORTH AMERICA BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 106
    • FIGURE 39 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORTH AMERICA BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 106
    • TABLE 55 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3/H) 107
    • FIGURE 40 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 107
    • TABLE 56 UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN NORTH AMERICA BY END USE, 2000-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, CUMULATIVE) 108
    • FIGURE 41 UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN NORTH AMERICA BY END USE, 2000-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, CUMULATIVE) 108
    • TABLE 57 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORTH AMERICA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 109
    • FIGURE 42 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORTH AMERICA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 109
    • TABLE 58 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3/H) 110
    • FIGURE 43 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 110
    • TABLE 59 UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN NORTH AMERICA BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 2000-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, CUMULATIVE) 111
    • FIGURE 44 UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN NORTH AMERICA BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 2000-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, CUMULATIVE) 111
    • TABLE 60 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA BY FACILITY SIZE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 112
    • FIGURE 45 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA BY FACILITY SIZE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 112
    • TABLE 61 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORTH AMERICA BY COUNTRY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 113
    • FIGURE 46 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORTH AMERICA BY COUNTRY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 113
    • TABLE 62 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA BY COUNTRY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3/H) 114
    • FIGURE 47 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA BY COUNTRY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 114
      • U.S. 115
      • TABLE 63 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE U.S., NOVEMBER 2013 115
      • TABLE 64 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE U.S. BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 116
      • FIGURE 48 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE U.S. BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 116
      • TABLE 65 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE U.S. BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3/H) 117
      • FIGURE 49 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE U.S. BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 117
      • TABLE 66 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE U.S. BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 118
      • FIGURE 50 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE U.S. BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 118
      • TABLE 67 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE U.S. BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 119
      • FIGURE 51 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE U.S. BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 119
      • TABLE 68 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE U.S. BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 120
      • FIGURE 52 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE U.S. BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 120
      • TABLE 69 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE U.S. BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 121
      • FIGURE 53 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE U.S. BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 121
        • Incentives, Barriers to Market Development 122
        • Net Metering 123
      • Canada 123
      • TABLE 70 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN CANADA, NOVEMBER 2013 123
      • TABLE 71 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN CANADA BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 124
      • FIGURE 54 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN CANADA BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 124
      • TABLE 72 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN CANADA BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 125
      • FIGURE 55 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN CANADA BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 125
      • TABLE 73 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN CANADA BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 126
      • TABLE 74 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN CANADA BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 126
      • TABLE 75 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN CANADA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 126
      • FIGURE 56 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN CANADA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 127
      • TABLE 76 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN CANADA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 127
      • FIGURE 57 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN CANADA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 127
        • Policies and Incentives 128
        • TABLE 77 FEED-IN TARIFFS FOR BIOGAS IN ONTARIO (CENTS/KWH) 129
        • TABLE 78 FIT BONUSES IN ONTARIO (CENTS/KWH) 129
      • Mexico 130
        • Policies and Incentives 130
    • THE EUROPEAN MARKET 130
    • TABLE 79 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN EUROPE BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 132
    • FIGURE 58 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN EUROPE BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 132
    • TABLE 80 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN EUROPE BY END USE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 133
    • FIGURE 59 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN EUROPE BY END USE, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 133
    • TABLE 81 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN EUROPE BY FEED SOURCE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 134
    • FIGURE 60 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN EUROPE BY FEED SOURCE, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 134
      • EU-Wide Policies That Support Biogas 135
      • Production of Biogas in Europe 137
      • TABLE 82 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN THE EU BY 2020 (KTOE) 137
      • FIGURE 61 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN THE EU BY 2020 (KTOE) 138
      • TABLE 83 EXISTING AND FORECAST BIOGAS ELECTRICITY GENERATING CAPACITY IN THE EU, 2010-2020 (NO. OF PLANTS, MW) 138
      • FIGURE 62 EXISTING AND FORECAST BIOGAS ELECTRICITY GENERATING CAPACITY IN THE EU, 2010-2020 (NO. OF PLANTS, MW) 138
      • Biogas Upgrading Plants in Europe 139
      • TABLE 84 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN EUROPE BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 139
      • FIGURE 63 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN EUROPE BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 140
      • TABLE 85 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN EUROPE BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 140
      • FIGURE 64 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN EUROPE BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 141
      • TABLE 86 UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN EUROPE BY FEED SOURCE, 2000-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, CUMULATIVE) 141
      • FIGURE 65 UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN EUROPE BY FEED SOURCE, 2000-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, CUMULATIVE) 142
      • TABLE 87 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN EUROPE BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 143
      • FIGURE 66 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN EUROPE BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 143
      • TABLE 88 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN EUROPE BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 143
      • FIGURE 67 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN EUROPE BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 144
      • TABLE 89 BIOGAS UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN EUROPE BY END USE, 2000-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, CUMULATIVE) 144
      • FIGURE 68 BIOGAS UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN EUROPE BY END USE, 2000-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, CUMULATIVE) 144
      • TABLE 90 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN EUROPE BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 145
      • FIGURE 69 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN EUROPE BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 145
      • TABLE 91 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN EUROPE BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 146
      • FIGURE 70 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN EUROPE BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 146
      • TABLE 92 BIOGAS UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN EUROPE BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, 2000-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, CUMULATIVE) 147
      • FIGURE 71 BIOGAS UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN EUROPE BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, 2000-2013 (NM3, CUMULATIVE) 147
      • TABLE 93 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN EUROPE BY FACILITY SIZE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 149
      • FIGURE 72 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN EUROPE BY FACILITY SIZE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 149
      • TABLE 94 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN EUROPE BY COUNTRY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 150
      • FIGURE 73 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN EUROPE BY COUNTRY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 150
      • TABLE 95 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN EUROPE BY COUNTRY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 150
      • FIGURE 74 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN EUROPE BY COUNTRY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 151
      • Austria 152
      • TABLE 96 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN AUSTRIA 152
      • TABLE 97 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN AUSTRIA BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NUMBER, %) 152
      • FIGURE 75 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN AUSTRIA BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NUMBER, %) 153
      • TABLE 98 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN AUSTRIA BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 153
      • FIGURE 76 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN AUSTRIA BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 154
      • TABLE 99 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN AUSTRIA BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NUMBER, %) 154
      • FIGURE 77 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN AUSTRIA BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NUMBER, %) 155
      • TABLE 100 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN AUSTRIA BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 155
      • FIGURE 78 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN AUSTRIA BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 155
      • TABLE 101 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN AUSTRIA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NUMBER, %) 156
      • FIGURE 79 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN AUSTRIA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NUMBER, %) 156
      • TABLE 102 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN AUSTRIA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 157
      • FIGURE 80 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN AUSTRIA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 157
        • Policies and Incentives 158
        • TABLE 103 AUSTRIAN FITS FOR ELECTRICITY FROM BIOGAS (KWH/EUROS) 159
      • Czech Republic 159
        • Policies and Incentives 159
      • Denmark 160
      • TABLE 104 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN DENMARK, NOVEMBER 2013 160
        • Policies and Incentives 160
      • Estonia 161
      • TABLE 105 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN ESTONIA, NOVEMBER 2013 162
        • Policies and Incentives 162
      • Finland 162
      • TABLE 106 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN FINLAND, NOVEMBER 2013 163
      • TABLE 107 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN FINLAND BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 163
      • FIGURE 81 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN FINLAND BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 163
      • TABLE 108 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN FINLAND BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 164
      • FIGURE 82 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN FINLAND BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 164
      • TABLE 109 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN FINLAND BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 165
      • FIGURE 83 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN FINLAND BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 165
      • TABLE 110 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN FINLAND BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 166
      • FIGURE 84 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN FINLAND BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 166
      • TABLE 111 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN FINLAND BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 167
      • TABLE 112 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN FINLAND BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 168
        • Policies and Incentives 168
      • France 168
      • TABLE 113 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN FRANCE, NOVEMBER 2013 169
      • TABLE 114 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN FRANCE BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 169
      • FIGURE 85 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN FRANCE BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 169
      • TABLE 115 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN FRANCE BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 170
      • FIGURE 86 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN FRANCE BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 170
      • TABLE 116 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN FRANCE BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 171
      • FIGURE 87 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN FRANCE BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 171
      • TABLE 117 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN FRANCE BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 172
      • FIGURE 88 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN FRANCE BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 172
      • TABLE 118 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN FRANCE BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 173
      • FIGURE 89 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN FRANCE BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 173
      • TABLE 119 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN FRANCE BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 174
      • FIGURE 90 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN FRANCE BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 174
        • Policies and Incentives 175
      • Germany 176
      • TABLE 120 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN GERMANY, NOVEMBER 2013 176
      • TABLE 121 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN GERMANY BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 184
      • FIGURE 91 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN GERMANY BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 184
      • TABLE 122 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN GERMANY BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 185
      • FIGURE 92 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN GERMANY BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 185
      • TABLE 123 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN GERMANY BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 186
      • FIGURE 93 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN GERMANY BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 186
      • TABLE 124 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN GERMANY BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 186
      • FIGURE 94 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN GERMANY BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 187
      • TABLE 125 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN GERMANY BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 187
      • FIGURE 95 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN GERMANY BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 188
      • TABLE 126 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN GERMANY BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 188
      • FIGURE 96 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN GERMANY BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 188
        • Policies and Incentives 189
        • TABLE 127 GERMAN FEED-IN TARIFFS FOR BIOGAS ENERGY UNDER EEG 2012 (EUROCENTS/KWH) 189
        • TABLE 128 FIT FEEDSTOCK BONUS CLASSES UNDER EEG 2012 (EUROCENTS/KWH) 190
        • TABLE 129 BIOMETHANE PRODUCTION BONUS UNDER EEG 2012 (EUROCENTS/KWH) 190
        • TABLE 130 BIOWASTE DIGESTION BONUS UNDER EEG 2012 (EUROCENTS/KWH) 191
      • Hungary 191
      • TABLE 131 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN HUNGARY, NOVEMBER 2013 192
        • Policies and Incentives 192
      • Iceland 192
      • TABLE 132 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN ICELAND, NOVEMBER 2013 193
        • Policies and Incentives 193
      • Ireland 193
        • Policies and Incentives 193
        • TABLE 133 FEED-IN TARIFFS FOR BIOGAS SUPPORT IRELAND (EUROCENTS/KWH) 194
      • Italy 194
        • Policies and Incentives 194
        • TABLE 134 ITALIAN FEED-IN TARIFFS FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION (EUROCENTS/KWH) 195
      • Latvia 195
        • Policies and Incentives 196
      • Lithuania 196
        • Policies and Incentives 197
        • TABLE 135 FITS FOR BIOGAS IN LITHUANIA (EUROCENTS/KWH) 197
      • Luxembourg 197
      • TABLE 136 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN LUXEMBOURG, NOVEMBER 2013 198
      • TABLE 137 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN LUXEMBOURG BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 198
      • FIGURE 97 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN LUXEMBOURG BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 198
      • TABLE 138 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN LUXEMBOURG BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 199
      • FIGURE 98 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN LUXEMBOURG BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 199
      • TABLE 139 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN LUXEMBOURG BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 200
      • FIGURE 99 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN LUXEMBOURG BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 200
      • TABLE 140 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN LUXEMBOURG BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 201
      • FIGURE 100 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN LUXEMBOURG BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 201
      • TABLE 141 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN LUXEMBOURG BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 202
      • FIGURE 101 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN LUXEMBOURG BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 202
      • TABLE 142 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN LUXEMBOURG BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 203
      • FIGURE 102 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN LUXEMBOURG BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 203
        • Policies and Incentives 204
      • The Netherlands 204
      • TABLE 143 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE NETHERLANDS BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 205
      • TABLE 144 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE NETHERLANDS BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 206
      • FIGURE 103 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE NETHERLANDS BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 206
      • TABLE 145 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE NETHERLANDS BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 207
      • FIGURE 104 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE NETHERLANDS BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 207
      • TABLE 146 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE NETHERLANDS BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 208
      • FIGURE 105 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE NETHERLANDS BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 208
      • TABLE 147 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE NETHERLANDS BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 209
      • FIGURE 106 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE NETHERLANDS BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 209
      • TABLE 148 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE NETHERLANDS BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 210
      • FIGURE 107 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE NETHERLANDS BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 210
      • TABLE 149 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE NETHERLANDS BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 211
      • FIGURE 108 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE NETHERLANDS BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 211
        • Policies and Incentives 211
      • TABLE 150 FEED-IN TARIFFS IN THE NETHERLANDS, 2013 212
      • Norway 212
      • TABLE 151 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORWAY, NOVEMBER 2013 213
      • TABLE 152 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORWAY BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 213
      • FIGURE 109 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORWAY BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 213
      • TABLE 153 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORWAY BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 214
      • FIGURE 110 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORWAY BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 214
      • TABLE 154 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORWAY BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 215
      • FIGURE 111 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORWAY BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 215
      • TABLE 155 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORWAY BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 216
      • FIGURE 112 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORWAY BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 216
      • TABLE 156 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORWAY BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 217
      • FIGURE 113 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORWAY BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 217
      • TABLE 157 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORWAY BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 218
      • FIGURE 114 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORWAY BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 218
        • Policies and Incentives 219
      • Poland 220
        • Policies and Incentives 220
      • Portugal 220
        • Policies and Incentives 221
      • Slovakia 221
        • Policies and Incentives 221
        • TABLE 158 FEED-IN TARIFFS FOR BIOGAS IN SLOVAKIA, 2012 222
      • Slovenia 222
        • Policies and Incentives 222
        • TABLE 159 FEED-IN TARIFFS FOR BIOGAS IN SLOVENIA 223
      • Spain 223
      • TABLE 160 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SPAIN, NOVEMBER 2013 223
      • TABLE 161 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SPAIN BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 224
      • FIGURE 115 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SPAIN BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 224
      • TABLE 162 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SPAIN BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 225
      • FIGURE 116 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SPAIN BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 225
      • TABLE 163 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SPAIN BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 226
      • FIGURE 117 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SPAIN BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 226
      • TABLE 164 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SPAIN BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 226
      • FIGURE 118 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SPAIN BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 227
      • TABLE 165 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SPAIN BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 227
      • FIGURE 119 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SPAIN BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 227
      • TABLE 166 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SPAIN BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 228
      • FIGURE 120 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SPAIN BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 228
        • Policies and Incentives 229
      • Sweden 230
      • TABLE 167 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SWEDEN, NOVEMBER 2013 230
      • TABLE 168 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SWEDEN BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 234
      • FIGURE 121 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SWEDEN BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 234
      • TABLE 169 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SWEDEN BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 235
      • FIGURE 122 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SWEDEN BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 235
      • TABLE 170 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SWEDEN BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 236
      • FIGURE 123 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SWEDEN BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 236
      • TABLE 171 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SWEDEN BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 236
      • FIGURE 124 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SWEDEN BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 237
      • TABLE 172 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SWEDEN BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 237
      • FIGURE 125 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SWEDEN BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 237
      • TABLE 173 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SWEDEN BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 238
      • FIGURE 126 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SWEDEN BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 238
      • TABLE 174 NATURAL GAS FILLING STATIONS IN SWEDEN, 1995-2012 (NO.) 239
      • FIGURE 127 NATURAL GAS FILLING STATIONS IN SWEDEN, 1995-2012 (NO.) 240
      • TABLE 175 AMOUNT OF VEHICLE GAS SOLD IN SWEDEN, 1995-2013 (1,000 M3) 241
      • FIGURE 128 AMOUNT OF VEHICLE GAS SOLD IN SWEDEN, 1995-2013 (1,000 M3) 241
        • Policies and Incentives 242
      • Switzerland 242
      • TABLE 176 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SWITZERLAND, NOVEMBER 2013 243
      • TABLE 177 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SWITZERLAND BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 244
      • FIGURE 129 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SWITZERLAND BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 244
      • TABLE 178 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SWITZERLAND BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 244
      • FIGURE 130 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SWITZERLAND BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 245
      • TABLE 179 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SWITZERLAND BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 246
      • FIGURE 131 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SWITZERLAND BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 246
      • TABLE 180 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SWITZERLAND BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 246
      • FIGURE 132 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SWITZERLAND BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 247
      • TABLE 181 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SWITZERLAND BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 247
      • FIGURE 133 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SWITZERLAND BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 247
      • TABLE 182 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SWITZERLAND BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 248
      • FIGURE 134 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SWITZERLAND BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 248
        • Policies and Incentives 249
      • U.K. 249
      • TABLE 183 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE U.K., NOVEMBER 2013 250
      • TABLE 184 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN U.K. BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 250
      • FIGURE 135 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN U.K. BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 251
      • TABLE 185 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN U.K. BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 251
      • FIGURE 136 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN U.K. BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 251
      • TABLE 186 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN U.K. BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 252
      • FIGURE 137 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN U.K. BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 252
      • TABLE 187 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN U.K. BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 253
      • FIGURE 138 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN U.K. BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 253
      • TABLE 188 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN U.K. BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 254
      • FIGURE 139 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN U.K. BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 254
      • TABLE 189 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN U.K. BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 255
      • FIGURE 140 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN U.K. BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 255
        • Policies and Incentives 256 TABLE 190 FEED-IN TARIFFS IN THE U.K. (EUROCENTS/KWH) 257
    • ASIA-PACIFIC 257
      • Japan 258
      • China 258
      • India 259
    • OTHER COUNTRIES 259
    • TABLE 191 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2018 ($
    • MILLIONS) 260
    • FIGURE 141 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, 2005-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 260
    • TABLE 192 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY END USE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 261
    • FIGURE 142 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY END USE, 2010-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 262
    • TABLE 193 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY FEED SOURCE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 263
    • FIGURE 143 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY FEED SOURCE, 2010-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 263
    • PRODUCTION OF BIOGAS IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION 263
    • TABLE 194 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 264
    • FIGURE 144 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 264
    • TABLE 195 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 265
    • FIGURE 145 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 265
    • TABLE 196 BIOGAS UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY FEED SOURCE, 2000-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, CUMULATIVE) 266
    • FIGURE 146 BIOGAS UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY FEED SOURCE, 2010-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, CUMULATIVE) 266
    • TABLE 197 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 267
    • FIGURE 147 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 267
    • TABLE 198 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 268
    • FIGURE 148 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 268
    • TABLE 199 UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY END USE, THROUGH NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, CUMULATIVE) 269
    • FIGURE 149 UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY END USE, 2005-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, CUMULATIVE) 269
    • TABLE 200 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 270
    • FIGURE 150 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 270
    • TABLE 201 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 271
    • FIGURE 151 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 271
    • TABLE 202 UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, THROUGH 2013 (NM3, CUMULATIVE) 272
    • FIGURE 152 UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 2005-2013 (NM3, CUMULATIVE) 272
    • TABLE 203 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY COUNTRY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 273
    • FIGURE 153 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY COUNTRY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 273
    • TABLE 204 UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY COUNTRY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 274
    • FIGURE 154 UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY COUNTRY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 274
      • China 274
      • TABLE 205 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN CHINA, NOVEMBER 2013 275
        • Policies and Incentives 276
      • India 276
      • TABLE 206 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN INDIA, NOVEMBER 2013 277
      • TABLE 207 MNRE-APPROVED BIOMETHANE BOTTLING PROJECTS 278
        • Policies and Incentives 278
      • Japan 279
      • TABLE 208 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN JAPAN, NOVEMBER 2013 (NUMBER, %) 280
      • TABLE 209 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN JAPAN BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 280
      • FIGURE 155 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN JAPAN BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 280
      • TABLE 210 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN JAPAN BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 281
      • FIGURE 156 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN JAPAN BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 281
      • TABLE 211 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN JAPAN BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 282
      • FIGURE 157 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN JAPAN BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 282
      • TABLE 212 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN JAPAN BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 283
      • FIGURE 158 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN JAPAN BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 283
      • TABLE 213 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN JAPAN BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 284
      • FIGURE 159 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN JAPAN BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 284
      • TABLE 214 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN JAPAN BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 285
      • FIGURE 160 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN JAPAN BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 285
        • Policies and Incentives 286
      • South Korea 286
      • TABLE 215 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN KOREA, NOVEMBER 2013 287
      • TABLE 216 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN KOREA BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 287
      • FIGURE 161 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN KOREA BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 287
      • TABLE 217 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN KOREA BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 288
      • FIGURE 162 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN KOREA BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 288
      • TABLE 218 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN KOREA BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 289
      • FIGURE 163 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN KOREA BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 289
      • TABLE 219 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN KOREA BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 290
      • FIGURE 164 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN KOREA BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 290
      • TABLE 220 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN KOREA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 291
      • FIGURE 165 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN KOREA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 291
      • TABLE 221 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN KOREA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 292
      • FIGURE 166 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN KOREA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 292
        • Policies and Incentives 293
      • Australia 294
        • Policies and Incentives 294
      • New Zealand 295
      • TABLE 222 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NEW ZEALAND, NOVEMBER 2013 295
        • Policies and Incentives 295
      • Pakistan 296
        • Policies and Incentives 296
      • Thailand 296
        • Policies and Incentives 296
    • REST OF WORLD 298
    • TABLE 223 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN THE REST OF THE WORLD BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 298
    • FIGURE 167 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN THE REST OF THE WORLD BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, 2011-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 298
    • TABLE 224 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN THE REST OF THE WORLD BY END USE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 299
    • FIGURE 168 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN THE REST OF THE WORLD BY END USE, 2011-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 299
    • TABLE 225 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN THE REST OF THE WORLD BY FEED SOURCE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 300
    • FIGURE 169 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN THE REST OF THE WORLD BY FEED SOURCE, 2011-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 300
      • Brazil 301
      • TABLE 226 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN BRAZIL, NOVEMBER 2013 302
        • Policies and Incentives 302

CHAPTER 8 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE 305

  • MARKET SHARE 306
  • TABLE 227 ESTIMATED MARKET SHARE FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT SUPPLIERS, NOVEMBER 2013 (BASED ON TOTAL INSTALLED CAPACITY) 306
  • FIGURE 170 ESTIMATED MARKET SHARE FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT SUPPLIERS, BASED ON TOTAL INSTALLED CAPACITY (%) 306
  • COMPANY PROFILES 307
    • ACRION TECHNOLOGIES 307
    • ACRONA SYSTEMS 308
    • TABLE 228 ACRONA UPGRADING PLANTS 308
    • AIR LIQUIDE 309
    • BEBRA BIOGAS HOLDING 309
    • BIOGAST 310
    • BIOSLING 310
    • BILFINGER EMS GMBH 310
    • CARBOTECH 311
    • TABLE 229 CARBOTECH BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS 311
    • CIRMAC 312
    • CRYOSTAR 312
    • DGE GMBH 313
    • DMT ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY 313
    • ECONET WATER & ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING 314
    • EISENMANN 314
    • ENVITEC BIOGAS 315
    • ETW ENERGIETECHNIK 315
    • FIRMGREEN, INC. 316
    • GREENLANE BIOGAS 316
    • TABLE 231 GREENLANE UPGRADING PLANTS 317
    • GASREC 320
    • GASTECHNIK HIMMEL (GTH) 320
    • GASTREATMENT SERVICES BV (GTS) 321
    • GUILD ASSOCIATES 322
    • TABLE 232 GUILD ASSOCIATES BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS 322
    • HAASE ENERGIETECHNIK 323
    • TABLE 233 HAASE BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS 323
    • HAMWORTHY 324
    • HERA CLEANTECH 324
    • KO¨HLER & ZIEGLER 325
    • MAHLER 325
    • MAINSITE TECHNOLOGIES 325
    • MALMBERG WATER 326
    • TABLE 234 MALMBERG UPGRADING PLANTS 327
    • MEMFOACT AS 329
    • MT-ENERGIE 330
    • TABLE 235 MT-ENERGIE UPGRADING PLANTS 330
    • PENTAIR HAFFMANS 331
    • PROMETHEUS ENERGY 332
    • PURAC PUREGAS 333
    • TABLE 236 PURAC PUREGAS UPGRADING PLANTS 333
    • ROS ROCA ENVIROTEC 334
    • TABLE 237 ROS ROCA BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS 335
    • SCHWELM ANLAGENTECHNIK (SAT) 335
    • STRABAG UMWELTANLAGEN 336
    • SYSADVANCE 336
    • VAN DER WIEL STORTGAS 337
    • XEBEC ADSORPTION 337
    • TABLE 238 XEBEC REFERENCE PLANTS 338
    • DREYER & BOSSE KRAFTWERKE GMBH 339

LIST OF TABLES

  • SUMMARY TABLE MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT BY WORLD REGION, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 8
  • TABLE 1 GLOBAL PRIMARY ENERGY PRODUCTION BY SOURCE, 2010 (QUADRILLION BTUS, %) 10
  • TABLE 2 USE OF RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES BY WORLD REGION (MTOE, PRIMARY ENERGY) 11
  • TABLE 3 GLOBAL GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS BY EMISSION TYPE (%) 12
  • TABLE 4 GLOBAL BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL BY FEED SOURCE (TOE/YR) 16
  • TABLE 5 SUITABLE FEEDSTOCKS FOR ANAEROBIC DIGESTION 19
  • TABLE 6 TYPICAL COMPOSITION OF BIOGAS (%) 21
  • TABLE 7 COMPARISON OF COST, YIELD AND PURITY FOR DIFFERENT UPGRADING TECHNOLOGIES (250 NM3/H PLANT) 26
  • TABLE 8 CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR CHEMICAL ABSORPTION BIOGAS UPGRADING (CO2 REMOVAL, $) 27
  • TABLE 9 OPERATING COSTS FOR CHEMICAL ABSORPTION BIOGAS UPGRADING (CO2 REMOVAL, $) 28
  • TABLE 10 CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR CHEMICAL ABSORPTION BIOGAS UPGRADING (H2S REMOVAL, $) 29
  • TABLE 11 OPERATING COSTS FOR CHEMICAL ABSORPTION BIOGAS UPGRADING (H2S REMOVAL, $) 31
  • TABLE 12 CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR WATER SCRUBBING BIOGAS UPGRADING ($) 32
  • TABLE 13 OPERATING COSTS FOR WATER SCRUBBING BIOGAS UPGRADING ($) 33
  • TABLE 14 CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR PSA BIOGAS UPGRADING ($) 34
  • TABLE 15 OPERATING COSTS FOR PSA BIOGAS UPGRADING ($) 35
  • TABLE 16 CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR CRYOGENIC BIOGAS UPGRADING ($) 36
  • TABLE 17 OPERATING COSTS FOR CRYOGENIC BIOGAS UPGRADING ($) 37
  • TABLE 18 CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR MEMBRANE-BASED BIOGAS UPGRADING ($) 39
  • TABLE 19 OPERATING COSTS FOR MEMBRANE-BASED BIOGAS UPGRADING ($) 40
  • TABLE 20 MAXIMUM H2S CONCENTRATION IN BIOGAS FOR VARIOUS APPLICATIONS (PPM) 43
  • TABLE 21 MAXIMUM SULFUR CONCENTRATION IN BIOMETHANE FOR GRID INJECTION 43
  • TABLE 22 A COMPARISON OF H2S REMOVAL TECHNOLOGIES 44
  • TABLE 23 MAXIMUM MOISTURE CONTENT IN BIOMETHANE FOR GRID INJECTION 45
  • TABLE 24 MAXIMUM OXYGEN CONCENTRATION IN BIOMETHANE FOR GRID INJECTION (%) 46
  • TABLE 25 MAXIMUM CO2 CONCENTRATION IN BIOMETHANE FOR GRID INJECTION (%) 47
  • TABLE 26 MAJOR MANUFACTURERS OF PSA TECHNOLOGY FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING 49
  • TABLE 27 MAJOR MANUFACTURERS OF WATER SCRUBBING TECHNOLOGY FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING 51
  • TABLE 28 MAJOR MANUFACTURERS OF PHYSICAL ABSORPTION TECHNOLOGY FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING 52
  • TABLE 29 MAJOR MANUFACTURERS OF CHEMICAL ABSORPTION TECHNOLOGY FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING 53
  • TABLE 30 MAJOR MANUFACTURERS OF MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGY FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING 54
  • TABLE 31 MAJOR MANUFACTURERS OF CRYOGENIC TECHNOLOGY FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING 55
  • TABLE 32 A COMPARISON OF MAJOR BIOGAS UPGRADING TECHNOLOGIES 56
  • TABLE 33 GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS CONSTRUCTED ANNUALLY BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 1981-NOVEMBER 2013 (NO.) 59
  • TABLE 34 CAPACITY OF GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS CONSTRUCTED ANNUALLY BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 1981-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3/H) 60
  • TABLE 35 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 64
  • TABLE 36 GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS CONSTRUCTED ANNUALLY BY FEED SOURCE, 1981-NOVEMBER 2013 (NO.) 70
  • TABLE 37 GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS BY FEED SOURCE AND YEAR, 1981-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3/H) 71
  • TABLE 38 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH OF BIOGAS UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY BY FEED SOURCE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 76
  • TABLE 39 GLOBAL GROWTH OF NGVS, 2000-2012 (MILLIONS) 82
  • TABLE 40 MARKET PENETRATION OF TOTAL VEHICLE FLEET IN COUNTRIES WITH A 1% OR GREATER NGV MARKET SHARE, 2012 (%) 83
  • TABLE 41 SELECTED STANDARD BIOMETHANE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRID INJECTION OR FOR UTILIZATION AS VEHICLE FUEL 85
  • TABLE 42 GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS CONSTRUCTED ANNUALLY BY END USE, 1981-NOVEMBER 2013 (NO.) 86
  • TABLE 43 GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS CONSTRUCTED ANNUALLY BY END USE, 1981-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3/H) 87
  • TABLE 44 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY BY END USE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 91
  • TABLE 45 GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS BY REGION, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 94
  • TABLE 46 GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY BY REGION, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 96
  • TABLE 47 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH OF BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT BY WORLD REGION, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 97
  • TABLE 48 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN NORTH AMERICA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 99
  • TABLE 49 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN NORTH AMERICA BY END USE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 100
  • TABLE 50 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN NORTH AMERICA BY FEED SOURCE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 100
  • TABLE 51 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORTH AMERICA BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 103
  • TABLE 52 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 104
  • TABLE 53 UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN NORTH AMERICA BY FEED SOURCE, THROUGH NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3 CUMULATIVE) 105
  • TABLE 54 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORTH AMERICA BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 106
  • TABLE 55 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3/H) 107
  • TABLE 56 UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN NORTH AMERICA BY END USE, 2000-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, CUMULATIVE) 108
  • TABLE 57 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORTH AMERICA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 109
  • TABLE 58 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3/H) 110
  • TABLE 59 UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN NORTH AMERICA BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 2000-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, CUMULATIVE) 111
  • TABLE 60 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA BY FACILITY SIZE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 112
  • TABLE 61 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORTH AMERICA BY COUNTRY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 113
  • TABLE 62 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA BY COUNTRY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3/H) 114
  • TABLE 63 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE U.S., NOVEMBER 2013 115
  • TABLE 64 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE U.S. BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 116
  • TABLE 65 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE U.S. BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3/H) 117
  • TABLE 66 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE U.S. BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 118
  • TABLE 67 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE U.S. BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 119
  • TABLE 68 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE U.S. BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 120
  • TABLE 69 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE U.S. BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 121
  • TABLE 70 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN CANADA, NOVEMBER 2013 123
  • TABLE 71 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN CANADA BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 124
  • TABLE 72 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN CANADA BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 125
  • TABLE 73 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN CANADA BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 126
  • TABLE 74 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN CANADA BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 126
  • TABLE 75 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN CANADA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 126
  • TABLE 76 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN CANADA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 127
  • TABLE 77 FEED-IN TARIFFS FOR BIOGAS IN ONTARIO (CENTS/KWH) 129
  • TABLE 78 FIT BONUSES IN ONTARIO (CENTS/KWH) 129
  • TABLE 79 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN EUROPE BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 132
  • TABLE 80 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN EUROPE BY END USE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 133
  • TABLE 81 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN EUROPE BY FEED SOURCE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 134
  • TABLE 82 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN THE EU BY 2020 (KTOE) 137
  • TABLE 83 EXISTING AND FORECAST BIOGAS ELECTRICITY GENERATING CAPACITY IN THE EU, 2010-2020 (NO. OF PLANTS, MW) 138
  • TABLE 84 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN EUROPE BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 139
  • TABLE 85 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN EUROPE BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 140
  • TABLE 86 UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN EUROPE BY FEED SOURCE, 2000-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, CUMULATIVE) 141
  • TABLE 87 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN EUROPE BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 143
  • TABLE 88 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN EUROPE BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 143
  • TABLE 89 BIOGAS UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN EUROPE BY END USE, 2000-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, CUMULATIVE) 144
  • TABLE 90 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN EUROPE BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 145
  • TABLE 91 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN EUROPE BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 146
  • TABLE 92 BIOGAS UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN EUROPE BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, 2000-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, CUMULATIVE) 147
  • TABLE 93 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN EUROPE BY FACILITY SIZE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 149
  • TABLE 94 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN EUROPE BY COUNTRY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 150
  • TABLE 95 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN EUROPE BY COUNTRY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 150
  • TABLE 96 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN AUSTRIA 152
  • TABLE 97 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN AUSTRIA BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NUMBER, %) 152
  • TABLE 98 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN AUSTRIA BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 153
  • TABLE 99 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN AUSTRIA BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NUMBER, %) 154
  • TABLE 100 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN AUSTRIA BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 155
  • TABLE 101 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN AUSTRIA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NUMBER, %) 156
  • TABLE 102 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN AUSTRIA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 157
  • TABLE 103 AUSTRIAN FITS FOR ELECTRICITY FROM BIOGAS (KWH/EUROS) 159
  • TABLE 104 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN DENMARK, NOVEMBER 2013 160
  • TABLE 105 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN ESTONIA, NOVEMBER 2013 162
  • TABLE 106 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN FINLAND, NOVEMBER 2013 163
  • TABLE 107 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN FINLAND BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 163
  • TABLE 108 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN FINLAND BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 164
  • TABLE 109 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN FINLAND BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 165
  • TABLE 110 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN FINLAND BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 166
  • TABLE 111 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN FINLAND BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 167
  • TABLE 112 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN FINLAND BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 168
  • TABLE 113 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN FRANCE, NOVEMBER 2013 169
  • TABLE 114 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN FRANCE BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 169
  • TABLE 115 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN FRANCE BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 170
  • TABLE 116 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN FRANCE BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 171
  • TABLE 117 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN FRANCE BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 172
  • TABLE 118 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN FRANCE BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 173
  • TABLE 119 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN FRANCE BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 174
  • TABLE 120 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN GERMANY, NOVEMBER 2013 176
  • TABLE 121 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN GERMANY BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 184
  • TABLE 122 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN GERMANY BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 185
  • TABLE 123 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN GERMANY BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 186
  • TABLE 124 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN GERMANY BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 186
  • TABLE 125 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN GERMANY BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 187
  • TABLE 126 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN GERMANY BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 188
  • TABLE 127 GERMAN FEED-IN TARIFFS FOR BIOGAS ENERGY UNDER EEG 2012 (EUROCENTS/KWH) 189
  • TABLE 128 FIT FEEDSTOCK BONUS CLASSES UNDER EEG 2012 (EUROCENTS/KWH) 190
  • TABLE 129 BIOMETHANE PRODUCTION BONUS UNDER EEG 2012 (EUROCENTS/KWH) 190
  • TABLE 130 BIOWASTE DIGESTION BONUS UNDER EEG 2012 (EUROCENTS/KWH) 191
  • TABLE 131 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN HUNGARY, NOVEMBER 2013 192
  • TABLE 132 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN ICELAND, NOVEMBER 2013 193
  • TABLE 133 FEED-IN TARIFFS FOR BIOGAS SUPPORT IRELAND (EUROCENTS/KWH) 194
  • TABLE 134 ITALIAN FEED-IN TARIFFS FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION (EUROCENTS/KWH) 195
  • TABLE 135 FITS FOR BIOGAS IN LITHUANIA (EUROCENTS/KWH) 197
  • TABLE 136 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN LUXEMBOURG, NOVEMBER 2013 198
  • TABLE 137 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN LUXEMBOURG BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 198
  • TABLE 138 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN LUXEMBOURG BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 199
  • TABLE 139 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN LUXEMBOURG BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 200
  • TABLE 140 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN LUXEMBOURG BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 201
  • TABLE 141 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN LUXEMBOURG BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 202
  • TABLE 142 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN LUXEMBOURG BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 203
  • TABLE 143 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE NETHERLANDS BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 205
  • TABLE 144 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE NETHERLANDS BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 206
  • TABLE 145 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE NETHERLANDS BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 207
  • TABLE 146 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE NETHERLANDS BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 208
  • TABLE 147 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE NETHERLANDS BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 209
  • TABLE 148 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE NETHERLANDS BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 210
  • TABLE 149 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE NETHERLANDS BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 211
  • TABLE 150 FEED-IN TARIFFS IN THE NETHERLANDS, 2013 212
  • TABLE 151 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORWAY, NOVEMBER 2013 213
  • TABLE 152 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORWAY BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 213
  • TABLE 153 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORWAY BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 214
  • TABLE 154 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORWAY BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 215
  • TABLE 155 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORWAY BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 216
  • TABLE 156 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORWAY BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 217
  • TABLE 157 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORWAY BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 218
  • TABLE 158 FEED-IN TARIFFS FOR BIOGAS IN SLOVAKIA, 2012 222
  • TABLE 159 FEED-IN TARIFFS FOR BIOGAS IN SLOVENIA 223
  • TABLE 160 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SPAIN, NOVEMBER 2013 223
  • TABLE 161 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SPAIN BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 224
  • TABLE 162 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SPAIN BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 225
  • TABLE 163 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SPAIN BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 226
  • TABLE 164 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SPAIN BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 226
  • TABLE 165 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SPAIN BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 227
  • TABLE 166 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SPAIN BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 228
  • TABLE 167 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SWEDEN, NOVEMBER 2013 230
  • TABLE 168 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SWEDEN BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 234
  • TABLE 169 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SWEDEN BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 235
  • TABLE 170 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SWEDEN BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 236
  • TABLE 171 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SWEDEN BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 236
  • TABLE 172 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SWEDEN BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 237
  • TABLE 173 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SWEDEN BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 238
  • TABLE 174 NATURAL GAS FILLING STATIONS IN SWEDEN, 1995-2012 (NO.) 239
  • TABLE 175 AMOUNT OF VEHICLE GAS SOLD IN SWEDEN, 1995-2013 (1,000 M3) 241
  • TABLE 176 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SWITZERLAND, NOVEMBER 2013 243
  • TABLE 177 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SWITZERLAND BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 244
  • TABLE 178 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SWITZERLAND BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 244
  • TABLE 179 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SWITZERLAND BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 246
  • TABLE 180 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SWITZERLAND BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 246
  • TABLE 181 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SWITZERLAND BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 247
  • TABLE 182 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SWITZERLAND BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 248
  • TABLE 183 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE U.K., NOVEMBER 2013 250
  • TABLE 184 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN U.K. BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013
  • (NO., %) 250
  • TABLE 185 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN U.K. BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 251
  • TABLE 186 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN U.K. BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 252
  • TABLE 187 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN U.K. BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 253
  • TABLE 188 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN U.K. BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 254
  • TABLE 189 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN U.K. BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 255
  • TABLE 190 FEED-IN TARIFFS IN THE U.K. (EUROCENTS/KWH) 257
  • TABLE 191 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2018 ($
  • MILLIONS) 260
  • TABLE 192 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY END USE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 261
  • TABLE 193 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY FEED SOURCE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 263
  • TABLE 194 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 264
  • TABLE 195 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 265
  • TABLE 196 BIOGAS UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY FEED SOURCE, 2000-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, CUMULATIVE) 266
  • TABLE 197 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 267
  • TABLE 198 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 268
  • TABLE 199 UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY END USE, THROUGH NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, CUMULATIVE) 269
  • TABLE 200 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 270
  • TABLE 201 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 271
  • TABLE 202 UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, THROUGH 2013 (NM3, CUMULATIVE) 272
  • TABLE 203 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY COUNTRY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 273
  • TABLE 204 UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY COUNTRY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 274
  • TABLE 205 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN CHINA, NOVEMBER 2013 275
  • TABLE 206 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN INDIA, NOVEMBER 2013 277
  • TABLE 207 MNRE-APPROVED BIOMETHANE BOTTLING PROJECTS 278
  • TABLE 208 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN JAPAN, NOVEMBER 2013 (NUMBER, %) 280
  • TABLE 209 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN JAPAN BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 280
  • TABLE 210 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN JAPAN BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 281
  • TABLE 211 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN JAPAN BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 282
  • TABLE 212 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN JAPAN BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 283
  • TABLE 213 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN JAPAN BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 284
  • TABLE 214 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN JAPAN BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 285
  • TABLE 215 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN KOREA, NOVEMBER 2013 287
  • TABLE 216 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN KOREA BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 287
  • TABLE 217 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN KOREA BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 288
  • TABLE 218 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN KOREA BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 289
  • TABLE 219 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN KOREA BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 290
  • TABLE 220 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN KOREA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 291
  • TABLE 221 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN KOREA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 292
  • TABLE 222 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NEW ZEALAND, NOVEMBER 2013 295
  • TABLE 223 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN THE REST OF THE WORLD BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 298
  • TABLE 224 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN THE REST OF THE WORLD BY END USE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 299
  • TABLE 225 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN THE REST OF THE WORLD BY FEED SOURCE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 300
  • TABLE 226 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN BRAZIL, NOVEMBER 2013 302
  • TABLE 227 ESTIMATED MARKET SHARE FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT SUPPLIERS, NOVEMBER 2013 (BASED ON TOTAL INSTALLED CAPACITY) 306
  • TABLE 228 ACRONA UPGRADING PLANTS 308
  • TABLE 229 CARBOTECH BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS 311
  • TABLE 231 GREENLANE UPGRADING PLANTS 317
  • TABLE 232 GUILD ASSOCIATES BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS 322
  • TABLE 233 HAASE BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS 323
  • TABLE 234 MALMBERG UPGRADING PLANTS 327
  • TABLE 235 MT-ENERGIE UPGRADING PLANTS 330
  • TABLE 236 PURAC PUREGAS UPGRADING PLANTS 333
  • TABLE 237 ROS ROCA BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS 335
  • TABLE 238 XEBEC REFERENCE PLANTS 338

LIST OF FIGURES

  • SUMMARY FIGURE MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT BY WORLD REGION, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 8
  • FIGURE 1 GLOBAL PRIMARY ENERGY PRODUCTION BY SOURCE, 2010 (%) 10
  • FIGURE 2 GLOBAL GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS BY EMISSION TYPE (%) 12
  • FIGURE 3 GLOBAL BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL BY FEED SOURCE (TOE/YR) 16
  • FIGURE 4 TYPICAL COMPOSITION OF BIOGAS (%) 22
  • FIGURE 5 THE BIOGAS VALUE CHAIN 23
  • FIGURE 6 CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR CHEMICAL ABSORPTION BIOGAS UPGRADING (CO2 REMOVAL, %) 28
  • FIGURE 7 OPERATING COSTS FOR CHEMICAL ABSORPTION BIOGAS UPGRADING (CO2 REMOVAL, %) 28
  • FIGURE 8 CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR CHEMICAL ABSORPTION BIOGAS UPGRADING (H2S REMOVAL, %) 30
  • FIGURE 9 OPERATING COSTS FOR CHEMICAL ABSORPTION BIOGAS UPGRADING (H2S REMOVAL, %) 31
  • FIGURE 10 CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR WATER SCRUBBING BIOGAS UPGRADING (%) 32
  • FIGURE 11 OPERATING COSTS FOR WATER SCRUBBING BIOGAS UPGRADING (%) 33
  • FIGURE 12 CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR PSA BIOGAS UPGRADING (%) 34
  • FIGURE 13 OPERATING COSTS FOR PSA BIOGAS UPGRADING (%) 35
  • FIGURE 14 CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR CRYOGENIC BIOGAS UPGRADING (%) 36
  • FIGURE 15 OPERATING COSTS CRYOGENIC FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING (%) 38
  • FIGURE 16 CAPITAL EQUIPMENT COSTS FOR MEMBRANE-BASED BIOGAS UPGRADING (%) 39
  • FIGURE 17 OPERATING COSTS FOR MEMBRANE-BASED BIOGAS UPGRADING (%) 40
  • FIGURE 18 BIOGAS UPGRADING TECHNOLOGIES 47
  • FIGURE 19 GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS CONSTRUCTED ANNUALLY BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 2000-NOVEMBER 2013 (NO.) 59
  • FIGURE 20 CAPACITY OF GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS CONSTRUCTED ANNUALLY BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 2000-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3/H) 61
  • FIGURE 21 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 64
  • FIGURE 22 GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS BY FEED SOURCE AND YEAR, 2000-NOVEMBER 2013 (NO.) 70
  • FIGURE 23 GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS BY FEED SOURCE AND YEAR, 2000-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3/H) 72
  • FIGURE 24 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH OF BIOGAS UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY BY FEED SOURCE, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 76
  • FIGURE 25 GLOBAL GROWTH OF NGVS, 2000-2012 ($ MILLIONS) 82
  • FIGURE 26 MARKET PENETRATION OF TOTAL VEHICLE FLEET IN COUNTRIES WITH A 1% OR GREATER NGV MARKET SHARE, 2012 (%) 83
  • FIGURE 27 GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS CONSTRUCTED ANNUALLY BY END USE, 2000-NOVEMBER 2013 (NO.) 87
  • FIGURE 28 GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS CONSTRUCTED ANNUALLY BY END USE, 2000-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3/H) 88
  • FIGURE 29 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY BY END USE, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 91
  • FIGURE 30 GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS BY REGION, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 95
  • FIGURE 31 GLOBAL BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY BY REGION, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 96
  • FIGURE 32 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH OF BIOGAS UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY BY WORLD REGION, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 97
  • FIGURE 33 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN NORTH AMERICA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 99
  • FIGURE 34 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN NORTH AMERICA BY END USE, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 100
  • FIGURE 35 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN NORTH AMERICA BY FEED SOURCE, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 101
  • FIGURE 36 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORTH AMERICA BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 103
  • FIGURE 37 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 104
  • FIGURE 38 UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN NORTH AMERICA BY FEED SOURCE, 2000-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3 CUMULATIVE) 105
  • FIGURE 39 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORTH AMERICA BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 106
  • FIGURE 40 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 107
  • FIGURE 41 UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN NORTH AMERICA BY END USE, 2000-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, CUMULATIVE) 108
  • FIGURE 42 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORTH AMERICA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 109
  • FIGURE 43 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 110
  • FIGURE 44 UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN NORTH AMERICA BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 2000-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, CUMULATIVE) 111
  • FIGURE 45 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA BY FACILITY SIZE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 112
  • FIGURE 46 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORTH AMERICA BY COUNTRY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 113
  • FIGURE 47 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA BY COUNTRY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 114
  • FIGURE 48 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE U.S. BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 116
  • FIGURE 49 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE U.S. BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 117
  • FIGURE 50 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE U.S. BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 118
  • FIGURE 51 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE U.S. BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 119
  • FIGURE 52 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE U.S. BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 120
  • FIGURE 53 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE U.S. BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 121
  • FIGURE 54 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN CANADA BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 124
  • FIGURE 55 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN CANADA BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 125
  • FIGURE 56 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN CANADA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 127
  • FIGURE 57 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN CANADA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 127
  • FIGURE 58 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN EUROPE BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 132
  • FIGURE 59 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN EUROPE BY END USE, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 133
  • FIGURE 60 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN EUROPE BY FEED SOURCE, 2000-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 134
  • FIGURE 61 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN THE EU BY 2020 (KTOE) 138
  • FIGURE 62 EXISTING AND FORECAST BIOGAS ELECTRICITY GENERATING CAPACITY IN THE EU, 2010-2020 (NO. OF PLANTS, MW) 138
  • FIGURE 63 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN EUROPE BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 140
  • FIGURE 64 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN EUROPE BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 141
  • FIGURE 65 UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN EUROPE BY FEED SOURCE, 2000-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, CUMULATIVE) 142
  • FIGURE 66 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN EUROPE BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 143
  • FIGURE 67 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN EUROPE BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 144
  • FIGURE 68 BIOGAS UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN EUROPE BY END USE, 2000-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, CUMULATIVE) 144
  • FIGURE 69 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN EUROPE BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 145
  • FIGURE 70 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN EUROPE BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 146
  • FIGURE 71 BIOGAS UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN EUROPE BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, 2000-2013 (NM3, CUMULATIVE) 147
  • FIGURE 72 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN EUROPE BY FACILITY SIZE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 149
  • FIGURE 73 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN EUROPE BY COUNTRY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 150
  • FIGURE 74 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN EUROPE BY COUNTRY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 151
  • FIGURE 75 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN AUSTRIA BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NUMBER, %) 153
  • FIGURE 76 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN AUSTRIA BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 154
  • FIGURE 77 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN AUSTRIA BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NUMBER, %) 155
  • FIGURE 78 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN AUSTRIA BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 155
  • FIGURE 79 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN AUSTRIA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NUMBER, %) 156
  • FIGURE 80 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN AUSTRIA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 157
  • FIGURE 81 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN FINLAND BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 163
  • FIGURE 82 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN FINLAND BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 164
  • FIGURE 83 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN FINLAND BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 165
  • FIGURE 84 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN FINLAND BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 166
  • FIGURE 85 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN FRANCE BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 169
  • FIGURE 86 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN FRANCE BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 170
  • FIGURE 87 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN FRANCE BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 171
  • FIGURE 88 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN FRANCE BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 172
  • FIGURE 89 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN FRANCE BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 173
  • FIGURE 90 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN FRANCE BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 174
  • FIGURE 91 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN GERMANY BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 184
  • FIGURE 92 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN GERMANY BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 185
  • FIGURE 93 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN GERMANY BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 186
  • FIGURE 94 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN GERMANY BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 187
  • FIGURE 95 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN GERMANY BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 188
  • FIGURE 96 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN GERMANY BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 188
  • FIGURE 97 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN LUXEMBOURG BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 198
  • FIGURE 98 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN LUXEMBOURG BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 199
  • FIGURE 99 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN LUXEMBOURG BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 200
  • FIGURE 100 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN LUXEMBOURG BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 201
  • FIGURE 101 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN LUXEMBOURG BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 202
  • FIGURE 102 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN LUXEMBOURG BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 203
  • FIGURE 103 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE NETHERLANDS BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 206
  • FIGURE 104 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE NETHERLANDS BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 207
  • FIGURE 105 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE NETHERLANDS BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 208
  • FIGURE 106 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE NETHERLANDS BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 209
  • FIGURE 107 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE NETHERLANDS BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 210
  • FIGURE 108 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE NETHERLANDS BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 211
  • FIGURE 109 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORWAY BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 213
  • FIGURE 110 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORWAY BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 214
  • FIGURE 111 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORWAY BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 215
  • FIGURE 112 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORWAY BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 216
  • FIGURE 113 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN NORWAY BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 217
  • FIGURE 114 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN NORWAY BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 218
  • FIGURE 115 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SPAIN BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 224
  • FIGURE 116 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SPAIN BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 225
  • FIGURE 117 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SPAIN BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 226
  • FIGURE 118 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SPAIN BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 227
  • FIGURE 119 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SPAIN BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 227
  • FIGURE 120 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SPAIN BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 228
  • FIGURE 121 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SWEDEN BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 234
  • FIGURE 122 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SWEDEN BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 235
  • FIGURE 123 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SWEDEN BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 236
  • FIGURE 124 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SWEDEN BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 237
  • FIGURE 125 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SWEDEN BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 237
  • FIGURE 126 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SWEDEN BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 238
  • FIGURE 127 NATURAL GAS FILLING STATIONS IN SWEDEN, 1995-2012 (NO.) 240
  • FIGURE 128 AMOUNT OF VEHICLE GAS SOLD IN SWEDEN, 1995-2013 (1,000 M3) 241
  • FIGURE 129 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SWITZERLAND BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 244
  • FIGURE 130 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SWITZERLAND BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 245
  • FIGURE 131 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SWITZERLAND BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 246
  • FIGURE 132 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SWITZERLAND BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 247
  • FIGURE 133 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN SWITZERLAND BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 247
  • FIGURE 134 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN SWITZERLAND BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 248
  • FIGURE 135 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN U.K. BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 251
  • FIGURE 136 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN U.K. BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 251
  • FIGURE 137 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN U.K. BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 252
  • FIGURE 138 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN U.K. BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 253
  • FIGURE 139 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN U.K. BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 254
  • FIGURE 140 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN U.K. BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 255
  • FIGURE 141 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, 2005-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 260
  • FIGURE 142 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY END USE, 2010-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 262
  • FIGURE 143 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY FEED SOURCE, 2010-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 263
  • FIGURE 144 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 264
  • FIGURE 145 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 265
  • FIGURE 146 BIOGAS UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY FEED SOURCE, 2010-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, CUMULATIVE) 266
  • FIGURE 147 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 267
  • FIGURE 148 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 268
  • FIGURE 149 UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY END USE, 2005-NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, CUMULATIVE) 269
  • FIGURE 150 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 270
  • FIGURE 151 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 271
  • FIGURE 152 UPGRADING CAPACITY GROWTH IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 2005-2013 (NM3, CUMULATIVE) 272
  • FIGURE 153 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY COUNTRY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 273
  • FIGURE 154 UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY COUNTRY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 274
  • FIGURE 155 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN JAPAN BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 280
  • FIGURE 156 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN JAPAN BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 281
  • FIGURE 157 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN JAPAN BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 282
  • FIGURE 158 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN JAPAN BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 283
  • FIGURE 159 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN JAPAN BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 284
  • FIGURE 160 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN JAPAN BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 285
  • FIGURE 161 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN KOREA BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 287
  • FIGURE 162 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN KOREA BY FEED SOURCE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 288
  • FIGURE 163 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN KOREA BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 289
  • FIGURE 164 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN KOREA BY END USE, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 290
  • FIGURE 165 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANTS IN KOREA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NO., %) 291
  • FIGURE 166 BIOGAS UPGRADING PLANT CAPACITY IN KOREA BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, NOVEMBER 2013 (NM3, %) 292
  • FIGURE 167 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN THE REST OF THE WORLD BY UPGRADING TECHNOLOGY, 2011-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 298
  • FIGURE 168 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN THE REST OF THE WORLD BY END USE, 2011-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 299
  • FIGURE 169 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT IN THE REST OF THE WORLD BY FEED SOURCE, 2011-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 300
  • FIGURE 170 ESTIMATED MARKET SHARE FOR BIOGAS UPGRADING EQUIPMENT SUPPLIERS, BASED ON TOTAL INSTALLED CAPACITY (%) 306
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