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市場調査レポート

木材プラスチック複合材 (WPC) の技術と世界市場

Wood-Plastic Composites: Technologies and Global Markets

発行 BCC Research 商品コード 203838
出版日 ページ情報 英文 170 Pages
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木材プラスチック複合材 (WPC) の技術と世界市場 Wood-Plastic Composites: Technologies and Global Markets
出版日: 2014年09月10日 ページ情報: 英文 170 Pages
概要

当レポートでは、木材プラスチック複合材/プラスチック木材/セルロース・プラスチック/天然繊維複合材の世界市場における歴史、現状、将来のシナリオを調査範囲として、主要アプリケーション、原料、技術、成形法、添加剤、主要企業プロファイル等の分析を盛り込んでお届けいたします。

第1章 イントロダクション

第2章 エグゼクティブサマリ

第3章 業界概要

  • 定義

第4章 歴史

  • 木材プラスチック複合材
  • セルロース系材料
  • 天然繊維複合材料
  • プラスチック木材

第5章 背景

  • 木材プラスチック複合材
    • 概要
    • 添加剤の使用
    • 発泡剤の使用
    • アプリケーションの概要
    • 新世代製品
    • マーケティング状況
    • 将来
  • セルロース・プラスチック
    • 背景
    • 化学
  • 天然繊維複合材料
    • 背景
    • 線維のタイプ
    • 展望
    • 技術
  • プラスチック木材
    • 背景
    • プラスチック木材システムの構成材

第6章 主要構成材

  • 木材プラスチック複合材
    • 背景
    • 特性
  • セルロース系材料
    • 特性
  • 天然繊維複合材
    • 背景
    • ガラス繊維との比較
  • プラスチック木材
    • 概要
    • WPCとプラスチック木材の消費者の比較

第7章 利点

  • 木材プラスチック複合材
    • 概要
    • 相対費用
    • リサイクルの局面
    • 着色剤
    • 一般的利点
  • 天然繊維複合材
    • 靭皮
    • ケナフ麻
    • 亜麻
    • サイザル麻
  • プラスチック木材

第8章 制限

  • 木材プラスチック複合材
  • セルロース系材料
  • 天然繊維複合材
  • プラスチック木材

第9章 世界市場の評価と将来予測

  • WPC市場
    • 概要
    • 北米
    • 欧州
    • アジア
  • セルロース・プラスチック
    • 概要
    • 北米
    • 欧州
    • アジア
  • 天然繊維複合材
    • 概要
    • 北米
    • 欧州
    • アジア
  • プラスチック木材
    • 北米
    • 欧州
    • アジア

第10章 樹脂

  • 概要
  • ポリエチレン
    • 背景
    • 高密度ポリエチレン (HDPE)
    • ポリエチレン生産者
  • ポリプロピレン
    • 背景
    • 代表的なアプリケーション
    • 特性
    • 生産者と生産量
  • ポリ塩化ビニル (PVC)
    • 背景
    • PVCの形状
    • 生産者と生産量
  • WPC/プラスチック木材/天然繊維複合材向け樹脂の概要
    • 背景
    • 樹脂の競合的シナリオ

第11章 充填剤と強化剤

  • 木粉
  • ガラス繊維
    • 概要
    • サイズ剤
    • ガラス繊維のタイプ
  • その他の充填剤
  • 天然繊維
    • 概要
    • 価格設定

第12章 生産

  • 背景
  • プラスチック木材
  • 天然繊維複合材
  • WPC
    • 概要
    • WPC用木材原料
    • プラスチック・バインダ材料
    • 木材乾燥
    • 配合剤

第13章 成形法

  • 背景
  • 成形法の選択肢
  • 装置のタイプ
  • 物理的特性のプロファイル
  • WPC成形への課題
  • 押出
  • 射出成形
  • 発泡製品
  • 木質繊維ペレットの使用
  • 圧縮成形
  • その他の製造工程

第14章 添加剤

  • 背景
  • 機能
  • 概要
  • 充填水準
  • 添加剤としての無機充填剤の使用
  • 着色剤
  • 潤滑剤
  • 結合剤
  • 酸化防止剤/紫外線安定剤
  • 難燃剤
  • 熱安定剤
  • 発泡剤
  • 抗菌剤
  • その他の添加剤
    • WPC添加剤のサプライヤ
  • 市場評価と将来予測

第15章 アプリケーション

  • 背景
  • 概要
  • 市場評価と将来予測
  • 建材
  • 自動車
  • インフラ
  • その他の工業/消費者向け製品
  • その他のアプリケーション

第16章 技術

  • 概要
  • 背景
  • 湿気問題
  • 結合剤の役割
  • プラスチック問題
  • プラスチック木材比率によって影響される物理的特性
  • 技術的課題
  • 新技術

第17章 標準と検査

  • 背景
  • ASTM基準
    • 木材プラスチック複合材
    • プラスチック木材

第18章 産業構造

  • 概要
  • 関連主要企業
  • 競合状況
  • 林産品企業の関与

第19章 マーケティング

  • 概要
  • 製品
  • 市場発展要因
    • 成長への障壁
    • 戦略
    • 流通

第20章 将来のトレンド

第21章 企業プロファイル

第22章 付録

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目次
Product Code: PLS034C

The global market for wood-plastic composites (WPCs), cellulosic plastics, plastic lumber and natural fiber composites was valued at 2.8 million metric tons in 2013. This market is expected to increase from nearly 3.1 million metric tons in 2014 to 5.6 million metric tons in 2019, at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 12.7% for the five-year period, 2014 to 2019.

This report provides:

  • An overview of the global market for wood-plastic composites.
  • Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2011 through 2013, estimates for 2014, and projections of CAGRs through 2019.
  • Coverage of the applications for these products including building products (decking, fencing, windows and doors, and others), automotive, infrastructure and other consumer and industrial products.
  • Analyses of technologies employed, production (e.g., compounding, injection molding, extrusion), use of additives (colorants, lubricants, coupling agents, and UV stabilizers), requisite properties required for each application, costs and pricing, marketing, distribution, product standards and testing, and competitive company strategies.

image1

REPORT SCOPE

SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This study covers the history, current status and forecast scenario for four major products: wood-plastic composites (WPCs), plastic lumber, cellulosic plastics and natural fiber composites. Their four major applications are: building products, automotive, infrastructure and other consumer/industrial products. The building products segment is further analyzed by its major components, as related to these products, namely decking; fencing/windows and doors; and other.

In addition, the study further segments these markets by key resins such as polyethylene, PVC and polypropylene within each application and whether these resins are being used as plastic lumber or WPCs.

Other critical issues included in detail are technologies, production (e.g., compounding, injection molding, extrusion), use of additives (colorants, lubricants, coupling agents and UV stabilizers), requisite properties required for each application, costs and pricing, marketing, competitive company strategies, distribution, product standards and testing, and the claims and counter-claims of companies producing these products.

AUTHOR'S CREDENTIALS

Jason Chen is the author of this report, which is an updated edition of report PLS034B written by Douglas A. Smock in 2011.

Jason Chen has been an analyst and consultant for the composite, fiber, textile and energy industries for a decade. He has been a regular writer or contributing editor addressing composites manufacturing for the American Composites Manufacturers Association (ACMA), International Fiber Journal, Filtration News, Platts Emission Daily, Vision Systems Design, Pesticide and Toxic Chemical News, China Chemical Fibers and MobileTex. He has authored three books: Asian Automotive Textiles: Opportunities and Challenges for Leading Producers; China Technical Textiles: Key Producers and Market Trends to 2015 and China's Chemical Fiber Producers. He is also the author of BCC Research market research reports AVM077B Tire Reinforcement Materials: Technologies and Global Markets and PLS052A Global Markets for Polyolefins Resins.

Douglas A. Smock was the chief editor of Plastics World Magazine from 1986 to 1994 at Cahners Publishing Co./Reed Business Information (RBI). He also served as a senior editor of Modern Plastics at McGraw-Hill Publishing Co., associate publisher and editorial director of Modern Mold & Tooling at the McGraw-Hill Publishing Co., and chief editor of Purchasing Magazine at Reed Business Information from 2000 to 2004. Smock has been a contributing editor at Design News since 2006 in addition to serving as a materials' analyst at BCC Research. At RBI-US, Smock also served as co-chairman of the corporate editorial board. He is the coauthor of Straight to the Bottom Line and On-Demand Supply Management, two leading books in the field of supply management. He is the former editor of BCC Research's newsletter, High Tech Ceramic News. Smock received a bachelor's degree in economics from Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

  • REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
  • SCOPE OF THE STUDY
  • METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES
  • AUTHOR'S CREDENTIALS
  • RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
  • BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
  • DISCLAIMER

CHAPTER 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS OF WPCS, CELLULOSICS, PLASTIC LUMBER AND NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITES, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC
  • TONS)

SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS OF WPCS, CELLULOSICS, PLASTIC LUMBER AND NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITES, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)

CHAPTER 3 INDUSTRY OVERVIEW

  • DEFINITIONS

CHAPTER 4 HISTORY

  • WOOD-PLASTIC COMPOSITES
    • OVERVIEW
    • INTERACTION OF TWO DIFFERENT INDUSTRIES
    • THE BEGINNING
    • ACTIVITIES IN THE 1990S
    • IMPACT OF USDA AND FOREST PRODUCT COMPANIES
    • ENCOURAGEMENT OF CHINESE GOVERNMENT
    • CONTRAST WITH PLASTIC LUMBER
  • CELLULOSICS
  • NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITES
    • BACKGROUND
    • TYPES OF FIBERS
    • OUTLOOK
    • TECHNIQUES
  • PLASTIC LUMBER

CHAPTER 5 BACKGROUND

  • WOOD-PLASTIC COMPOSITES
    • OVERVIEW
    • USE OF ADDITIVES
    • USE OF FOAMS
    • APPLICATIONS OVERVIEW
    • NEW GENERATION PRODUCTS
    • SOME MARKETING ASPECTS
    • FUTURE
  • CELLULOSIC PLASTICS
    • BACKGROUND
    • CHEMISTRY
  • NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITES
    • BACKGROUND
    • TYPES OF FIBERS
    • OUTLOOK
    • TECHNIQUES
  • PLASTIC LUMBER
    • BACKGROUND
    • COMPONENTS OF PLASTIC LUMBER SYSTEMS

CHAPTER 6 KEY COMPONENTS

  • WOOD-PLASTIC COMPOSITES
    • PROPERTIES
      • Background
      • Specific Properties
  • CELLUOSICS
    • PROPERTIES
  • NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITES
    • BACKGROUND
    • TABLE 1 SELECTED PROPERTIES OF GLASS AND NATURAL FIBERS
    • COMPARISON WITH GLASS FIBERS
  • PLASTIC LUMBER
    • OVERVIEW
    • WPC AND PLASTIC LUMBER CONSUMER COMPARISONS

CHAPTER 7 ADVANTAGES

  • WOOD-PLASTIC COMPOSITES
    • OVERVIEW
    • RELATIVE COSTS
    • RECYCLING ASPECTS
    • COLORING
    • STANDARD ADVANTAGES
  • NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITES
    • BAST FIBERS
    • KENAF
    • FLAX
    • HEMP
    • SISAL
  • PLASTIC LUMBER

CHAPTER 8 LIMITATIONS

  • WOOD-PLASTIC COMPOSITES
  • CELLULOSICS
  • NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITES
  • PLASTIC LUMBER

CHAPTER 9 GLOBAL MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECAST

  • WPC MARKET
    • OVERVIEW
    • TABLE 2 GLOBAL WPC MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
    • FIGURE 1 GLOBAL WPC MARKET, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
    • NORTH AMERICA
    • TABLE 3 UNITED STATES HOUSING STARTS, 2009-2014 (THOUSAND UNITS)
    • TABLE 4 TREX ANNUAL SALES DATA, 2009-2013 (THOUSAND DOLLARS)
    • EUROPE
    • ASIA
  • CELLULOSIC PLASTICS
    • OVERVIEW
    • TABLE 5 USE OF CELLULOSIC PLASTICS BY GLOBAL REGION, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
    • FIGURE 2 USE OF CELLULOSIC PLASTICS BY GLOBAL REGION, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
    • NORTH AMERICA
    • TABLE 6 GLOBAL PRODUCERS OF CELLULOSE PLASTIC
    • EUROPE
    • ASIA
  • NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITES
    • OVERVIEW
    • TABLE 7 GLOBAL NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITE COMPOUND MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
    • FIGURE 3 GLOBAL NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITE COMPOUND MARKET, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
    • NORTH AMERICA
    • EUROP
    • ASIA
  • PLASTIC LUMBER
  • TABLE 8 GLOBAL PLASTIC LUMBER MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • FIGURE 4 GLOBAL PLASTIC LUMBER MARKET, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
    • NORTH AMERICA
    • EUROPE
    • ASIA

CHAPTER 10 RESINS

  • OVERVIEW
  • TABLE 9 RESINS USED IN WOOD-PLASTIC COMPOSITES (%)
  • FIGURE 5 RESINS USED IN WOOD-PLASTIC COMPOSITES (%)
  • POLYETHYLENES
    • BACKGROUND
    • HIGH-DENSITY POLYETHYLENE (HDPE)
      • Background
    • POLYETHYLENE PRODUCERS
    • TABLE 10 SELECTED MAJOR HDPE PRODUCERS AND CAPACITIES, 2013 (MILLION METRIC TONS/YEAR)
  • POLYPROPYLENE
    • BACKGROUND
    • TYPICAL APPLICATIONS
    • PROPERTIES
    • PRODUCERS AND CAPACITIES
    • TABLE 11 KEY POLYPROPYLENE PRODUCERS AND CAPACITIES, 2013 (MILLION METRIC TONS/YEAR)
  • POLYVINYL CHLORIDE
    • BACKGROUND
    • FORMS OF PVC
    • PRODUCERS AND CAPACITIS
    • TABLE 12 KEY PVC PRODUCERS AND THEIR CAPACITIES, 2013 (MILLION METRIC TONS/YEAR)
  • OVERVIEW OF RESIN CHOICES FOR WPCS, PLASTIC LUMBER AND NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITES
    • BACKGROUND
    • TABLE 13 PRICES OF MATERIALS USED IN WOOD-PLASTIC COMPOSITES, JUNE 2014 (DOLLARS PER POUND)
    • RESIN COMPETITIVE SCENARIO
    • TABLE 14 DENSITIES OF MATERIALS USED IN WPCS (G/CM3)

CHAPTER 11 FILLERS AND REINFORCEMENTS

  • WOOD FLOUR
  • GLASS FIBERS
    • OVERVIEW
    • SIZING
    • GLASS FIBER TYPES
  • OTHER FILLERS
  • NATURAL FIBERS
    • OVERVIEW
    • PRICING

CHAPTER 12 PRODUCTION

  • BACKGROUND
  • PLASTIC LUMBER
  • NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITES
  • WPCS
    • OVERVIEW
    • WOOD FEEDSTOCKS FOR WPCS
      • Overview
      • Wood Feedstocks Suitable For WPCs
      • Quality Issues
  • PLASTIC BINDER MATERIALS
  • WOOD DRYING
  • COMPOUNDING

CHAPTER 13 FORMING PROCESSES

  • BACKGROUND
  • CHOICES TO BE MADE
  • TYPES OF EQUIPMENT
  • PHYSICAL PROPERTY PROFILE
  • CHALLENGES TO WPC PROCESSING
  • EXTRUSION
  • INJECTION MOLDING
    • BACKGROUND
    • HISTORY
    • TECHNOLOGY
    • OTHER APPLICATIONS
    • FOAMED PRODUCTS
    • BACKGROUND
  • FOAMING TECHNOLOGIES
    • PHYSICAL PROPERTY CONSIDERATIONS
  • WOOD FIBER PELLET USAGE
  • COMPRESSION MOLDING
  • OTHER FABRICATION PROCESSES

CHAPTER 14 ADDITIVES

  • BACKGROUND
  • FUNCTIONS
  • OVERVIEW
  • TABLE 15 OVERVIEW OF WPC/PLASTIC LUMBER/NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITE ADDITIVES
  • LOADING LEVELS
  • USE OF MINERAL FILLERS AS ADDITIVES
  • COLORANTS
    • OVERVIEW
    • COMPANY ACTIVITIES
      • Accel
      • Clariant
  • LUBRICANTS
    • BACKGROUND 7
    • INTERNAL LUBRICANTS
    • EXTERNAL LUBRICANTS
    • EXAMPLES OF LUBRICANTS USED
    • GENERAL CHEMISTRY OF WPC LUBRICANTS
    • COMPANY PRODUCTS
      • Struktol
      • Lonza
      • Clariant Masterbatches
  • COUPLING AGENTS
    • BACKGROUND
    • MAJOR CHARACTERISTICS
      • Functions
      • Impact
    • CHEMICAL TYPES OF COUPLING AGENTS
      • Acid Anhydrides
      • Organosilanes
      • Methylol Phenolic-Grafted Polyolefins
    • COMPANIES
      • Chemtura Corp.
      • Equistar Chemical
      • DuPont
      • Westlake
  • ANTIOXIDANTS/UV STABILIZERS
  • FLAME RETARDANTS 8
    • ORGANIC BROMINE COMPOUNDS
      • Antimony Oxide
      • Alumina Trihydrate
    • CHLORINATED COMPOUNDS
    • MOLYBDENUM AND MAGNESIUM COMPOUNDS
    • PHOSPHORUS COMPOUNDS
  • HEAT STABILIZERS
    • COMPANIES
  • FOAMING AGENTS
    • OVERVIEW 8
    • NATURE OF CFAS
    • COMPANY PRODUCTS
      • Reedy International
      • Clariant Masterbatches
      • Bergen International
  • ANTIMICROBIALS
    • OVERVIEW
    • COMPANY PRODUCTS
      • Lonza
      • BASF
  • OTHER ADDITIVES
  • WPC ADDITIVE SUPPLIERS
  • TABLE 16 SELECTED KEY WPC ADDITIVE SUPPLIERS
  • MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS
  • TABLE 17 NORTH AMERICAN PLASTIC LUMBER, WPC AND NATURAL FIBER OMPOSITE ADDITIVE MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION POUNDS)
  • FIGURE 6 NORTH AMERICAN PLASTIC LUMBER, WPC AND NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITE ADDITIVE MARKET, 2011-2019 (MILLION POUNDS)

CHAPTER 15 APPLICATIONS

  • BACKGROUND
  • OVERVIEW
  • BUILDING PRODUCTS
  • INFRASTRUCTURE
  • AUTOMOTIVE
  • OTHER INDUSTRIAL/CONSUMER PRODUCTS
  • OUTDOOR PRODUCTS ARE DOMINANT
  • OTHER APPLICATIONS
  • BROAD COMPETITIVE BACKGROUND OF WPCS AND PLASTIC LUMBER APPLICATIONS
  • TABLE 18 HOW WPCS AND PLASTIC LUMBER STACK UP
  • MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 97 TABLE 19 GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS OF WPCS, CELLULOSICS, PLASTIC LUMBER AND NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITES, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • FIGURE 7 GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS OF WPCS, CELLULOSICS, PLASTIC LUMBER AND NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITES, 2011- 2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • BUILDING PRODUCTS/CONSTRUCTION
    • OVERVIEW
    • MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS
    • TABLE 20 GLOBAL BUILDING PRODUCTS MARKET BY TYPE OF PRODUCT, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
    • FIGURE 8 GLOBAL BUILDING PRODUCTS MARKET BY TYPE OF PRODUCT, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
    • TABLE 21 NORTH AMERICAN WPC BUILDING PRODUCTS MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
    • TABLE 22 RECOVERED PLASTIC FILM IN THE U.S., 2008-2012 (POUNDS)
    • TABLE 23 U.S. MARKETS FOR RECOVERED PLASTIC FILM IN 2012 (%)
    • FIGURE 9 U.S. MARKETS FOR RECOVERED PLASTIC FILM IN 2012 (%)
    • TABLE 24 GLOBAL WPC BUILDING PRODUCTS MARKET, BY RESIN, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
    • FIGURE 10 GLOBAL WPC BUILDING PRODUCTS MARKET BY RESIN, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
    • TABLE 25 GLOBAL PLASTIC LUMBER BUILDING PRODUCTS MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
    • FIGURE 11 GLOBAL PLASTIC LUMBER BUILDING PRODUCTS MARKET BY RESIN, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
    • DECKING
      • Overview
      • Sources of Plastic Portion of Plastic Lumber and WPC Decking
      • Properties of Plastic Lumber and WPC Decking Materials
      • Relative Costs
      • Marketing Aspects
      • WPC/Plastic Lumber Decking Maintenance
      • Market Estimates and Forecasts
      • TABLE 26 NORTH AMERICAN WPC DECKING MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
      • FIGURE 12 NORTH AMERICAN WPC DECKING MARKET BY RESIN, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
      • TABLE 27 GLOBAL WPC DECKING MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
      • FIGURE 13 GLOBAL WPC DECKING MARKET BY RESIN, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
      • TABLE 28 GLOBAL PLASTIC LUMBER DECKING MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
      • FIGURE 14 GLOBAL PLASTIC LUMBER DECKING MARKET BY RESIN, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
    • WINDOWS/DOORS
      • Overview
      • Product Types
      • R&D Developments
      • Other Factors in the Market
      • Standards
      • Key Manufacturers
    • FENCES
      • Background
      • Technologies
      • Building Codes/Standards
      • New Developments
      • WPC Involvement
    • WINDOW/DOOR PROFILES
      • Overview
      • Types of Window Materials
        • Background
        • Aluminum
        • Plastics
        • Steel
        • Wood
      • Molding/Trim
    • RAILINGS
      • Overview
      • Code Requirements
    • ROOFING
    • SIDING
      • Overview
      • Technology
      • Rigid Cellular (Foamed) PVC
      • Fiber Cement Composites
        • Use of WPCs
    • MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS
    • TABLE 29 GLOBAL PLASTIC LUMBER AND WPC FENCING AND WINDOW/DOOR MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
    • FIGURE 15 GLOBAL PLASTIC LUMBER AND WPC FENCING AND WINDOW/DOOR MARKET, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
    • TABLE 30 GLOBAL PLASTIC LUMBER FENCING AND WINDOW/DOOR MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
    • FIGURE 16 GLOBAL PLASTIC LUMBER FENCING AND WINDOW/DOOR MARKET BY RESIN, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
    • TABLE 31 GLOBAL WPC FENCING AND WINDOW/DOOR MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
    • FIGURE 17 GLOBAL WPC FENCING AND WINDOW/DOOR MARKET BY RESIN, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
    • TABLE 32 GLOBAL PLASTIC LUMBER, WPC AND NATURAL FIBER MISCELLANEOUS BUILDING PRODUCTS MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
    • FIGURE 18 GLOBAL PLASTIC LUMBER, WPC AND NATURAL FIBER MISCELLANEOUS BUILDING PRODUCTS MARKET, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
    • TABLE 33 GLOBAL PLASTIC LUMBER MISCELLANEOUS BUILDING PRODUCTS MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
    • FIGURE 19 GLOBAL PLASTIC LUMBER MISCELLANEOUS BUILDING PRODUCTS MARKET BY RESIN, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
    • TABLE 34 GLOBAL WPC MISCELLANEOUS BUILDING PRODUCTS MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
    • FIGURE 20 GLOBAL WPC MISCELLANEOUS BUILDING PRODUCTS MARKET BY RESIN, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • AUTOMOTIVE
    • OVERVIEW
    • HISTORICAL USAGE
    • NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITES
      • Background
      • Objectives
      • Cost
      • Filler Competitive Scenario: Wood vs. Natural Fiber vs. Mineral Fillers
      • Limitations
      • Work with Thermosets
      • Other Developments
      • European Activities
    • MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS
    • TABLE 35 GLOBAL NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITE, WPC AND CELLULOSIC PLASTIC CONSUMPTION IN THE AUTOMOTIVE MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
    • FIGURE 21 GLOBAL NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITES, WPC AND CELLULOSIC PLASTIC CONSUMPTION IN THE AUTOMOTIVE MARKET, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
    • TABLE 36 GLOBAL WPC AND NATURAL FIBER CONSUMPTION IN THE AUTOMOTIVE MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
    • RELATED DEVELOPMENTS
  • INFRASTRUCTURE
    • OVERVIEW
    • MARINE
      • Overview
      • CCA Issues
      • Boardwalks
    • RAILROAD
      • Background
      • TABLE 37 WEIGHT COMPARISONS OF COMPETITIVE MATERIALS FOR RAILROAD TIES (POUNDS PER CUBIC FOOT)
      • Usage by Railroads
      • TABLE 38 GLOBAL PLASTIC RAILROAD TIE MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
      • Plastics Used
      • TABLE 39 GLOBAL PLASTIC RAILROAD TIE MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
      • Suppliers
    • BRIDGES
    • HIGHWAY GUARDRAIL BLOCKS AND SOUND BARRIERS
    • MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS
    • TABLE 40 GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS OF WPCS, AND PLASTIC LUMBER IN THE INFRASTRUCTURE MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • MISCELLANEOUS INDUSTRIAL/CONSUMER APPLICATIONS
    • OVERVIEW
    • PALLETS
      • Overview
      • Role of WPCs
      • Role of Plastic Lumber
      • New Developments
      • Negative Aspects
    • OUTDOOR FURNITURE
    • TABLE 41 EPA'S RECOMMENDED RECOVERED MATERIALS CONTENT LEVELS FOR PARK BENCHES AND PICNIC TABLES (%)
    • OTHER OUTDOOR PLASTIC LUMBER/WPC APPLICATIONS
    • INTERIOR APPLICATIONS
      • Overview
      • Furniture Products
    • ADDITIONAL MISCELLANEOUS PLASTIC LUMBER/WPC PRODUCTS
    • MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS
    • TABLE 42 GLOBAL WPC, PLASTIC LUMBER, NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITES AND CELLULOSICS IN THE MISCELLANEOUS CONSUMER/INDUSTRIAL MARKETS, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)

CHAPTER 16 TECHNOLOGY

  • OVERVIEW
  • BACKGROUND
  • MOISTURE ISSUES
  • ROLE OF COUPLING AGENTS
  • PLASTICS ISSUES
  • PHYSICAL PROPERTIES AFFECTED BY PLASTIC-WOOD RATIOS
    • WOOD FIBERS, FLOURS AND CHIPS
    • WOOD TYPES MAKE A DIFFERENCE
    • HANDLING THE WOOD
    • SORTING AND WORKING WITH WOOD
    • SPECIFIC RESINS USED
    • TABLE 43 COMPARISON OF PROPERTIES OF WPCS BY RESIN
    • TABLE 44 SELECTED WEIGHT COMPARISONS OF WOODS AND WPCS
    • REASONS FOR DELAYS IN COMMERCIALIZATION OF WPCS
    • MOISTURE IS STILL AN IMPORTANT TECHNICAL ISSUE
    • COOLING PROBLEMS
  • TECHNICAL CHALLENGES
    • BACKGROUND
    • MAINTAINING PRODUCT CONSISTENCY
    • INJECTION MOLDING ASPECTS
  • NEW TECHNOLOGIES
    • LONG FIBERS
    • NOVEL NONEXTRUSION PROCESS
    • USE OF POULTRY FEATHERS
    • RAYONIER AND USDA R&D EFFORTS

CHAPTER 17 STANDARDS AND TESTING

  • BACKGROUND
  • ASTM STANDARDS
    • WOOD-PLASTIC COMPOSITES
    • PLASTIC LUMBER
    • TABLE 45 ASTM STANDARDS FOR PLASTIC LUMBER

CHAPTER 18 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE

  • OVERVIEW
  • MAJOR COMPANIES INVOLVED
  • COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE
  • FOREST PRODUCT COMPANIES' INVOLVEMENT

CHAPTER 19 MARKETING

  • OVERVIEW
  • PRODUCTS
  • MARKET DRIVERS
    • BARRIERS TO GROWTH
    • STRATEGIES
    • DISTRIBUTION

CHAPTER 20 FUTURE TRENDS

CHAPTER 21 COMPANY PROFILES

  • ADVANCED ENVIRONMENTAL RECYCLING TECHNOLOGIES INC. (AERT)
  • AMERICAN WOOD FIBERS
  • ANDERSEN WINDOWS
  • ARTOWOOD CO.
  • A. SCHULMAN
  • AXION INTERNATIONAL
  • B+C EXTRUSION SYSTEMS (FOSHAN) LTD.
  • BATTENFELD-CINCINNATI
  • BATTENFELD-CINCINNATI USA
  • B&F PLASTICS
  • BEDFORD TECHNOLOGIES
  • BOISE CASCADE
  • BRAMBLES, LTD.
  • CERTAINTEED
  • CPG INTERNATIONAL INC.
  • AZEK BUILDING PRODUCTS INC.
  • CRANE PLASTICS MANUFACTURING
  • DEXX CORP.
  • FASALEX
  • FIBERON
  • FINDOCK
  • FKUR KUNSTSTOFF
  • GUANGZHOU KINDWOOD CO.
  • GREINER EXTRUSION
  • MAS MASCHINEN- UND ANLAGENBAU SCHULZ GMBH
  • NEWTECHWOOD LTD
  • NEWWOOD CORP.
  • RENOLIT AG
  • SOLVAY
  • STRANDEX CORP.
  • STRUCKTOL
  • TAMKO BUILDING PRODUCTS
  • TECH-WOOD NORTH AMERICA
  • TONG XIANG XING LONG FINE CHEMICAL LTD. (XL)
  • TREX CO.
  • UNIVERSAL FOREST PRODUCTS
  • WPC CORP. (WPCC)

CHAPTER 22 APPENDIX

  • ACRONYMS

LIST OF TABLES

  • SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS OF WPCS, CELLULOSICS, PLASTIC LUMBER AND NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITES, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • TABLE 1 SELECTED PROPERTIES OF GLASS AND NATURAL FIBERS
  • TABLE 2 GLOBAL WPC MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • TABLE 3 UNITED STATES HOUSING STARTS, 2009-2014 (THOUSAND UNITS)
  • TABLE 4 TREX ANNUAL SALES DATA, 2009-2013 (THOUSAND DOLLARS)
  • TABLE 5 USE OF CELLULOSIC PLASTICS BY GLOBAL REGION, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • TABLE 6 GLOBAL PRODUCERS OF CELLULOSE PLASTIC
  • TABLE 7 GLOBAL NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITE COMPOUND MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • TABLE 8 GLOBAL PLASTIC LUMBER MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • TABLE 9 RESINS USED IN WOOD-PLASTIC COMPOSITES (%)
  • TABLE 10 SELECTED MAJOR HDPE PRODUCERS AND CAPACITIES, 2013 (MILLION METRIC TONS/YEAR)
  • TABLE 11 KEY POLYPROPYLENE PRODUCERS AND CAPACITIES, 2013 (MILLION METRIC TONS/YEAR)
  • TABLE 12 KEY PVC PRODUCERS AND THEIR CAPACITIES, 2013 (MILLION METRIC TONS/YEAR)
  • TABLE 13 PRICES OF MATERIALS USED IN WOOD-PLASTIC COMPOSITES, JUNE 2014 (DOLLARS PER POUND)
  • TABLE 14 DENSITIES OF MATERIALS USED IN WPCS (G/CM3)
  • TABLE 15 OVERVIEW OF WPC/PLASTIC LUMBER/NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITE ADDITIVES
  • TABLE 16 SELECTED KEY WPC ADDITIVE SUPPLIERS
  • TABLE 17 NORTH AMERICAN PLASTIC LUMBER, WPC AND NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITE ADDITIVE MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION POUNDS) 9TABLE 18 HOW WPCS AND PLASTIC LUMBER STACK UP
  • TABLE 19 GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS OF WPCS, CELLULOSICS, PLASTIC LUMBER AND NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITES, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • TABLE 20 GLOBAL BUILDING PRODUCTS MARKET BY TYPE OF PRODUCT, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • TABLE 21 NORTH AMERICAN WPC BUILDING PRODUCTS MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • TABLE 22 RECOVERED PLASTIC FILM IN THE U.S., 2008-2012 (POUNDS)
  • TABLE 23 U.S. MARKETS FOR RECOVERED PLASTIC FILM IN 2012 (%)
  • TABLE 24 GLOBAL WPC BUILDING PRODUCTS MARKET, BY RESIN, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • TABLE 25 GLOBAL PLASTIC LUMBER BUILDING PRODUCTS MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • TABLE 26 NORTH AMERICAN WPC DECKING MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • TABLE 27 GLOBAL WPC DECKING MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • TABLE 28 GLOBAL PLASTIC LUMBER DECKING MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • TABLE 29 GLOBAL PLASTIC LUMBER AND WPC FENCING AND WINDOW/DOOR MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • TABLE 30 GLOBAL PLASTIC LUMBER FENCING AND WINDOW/DOOR MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • TABLE 31 GLOBAL WPC FENCING AND WINDOW/DOOR MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • TABLE 32 GLOBAL PLASTIC LUMBER, WPC AND NATURAL FIBER MISCELLANEOUS BUILDING PRODUCTS MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • TABLE 33 GLOBAL PLASTIC LUMBER MISCELLANEOUS BUILDING PRODUCTS MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • TABLE 34 GLOBAL WPC MISCELLANEOUS BUILDING PRODUCTS MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • TABLE 35 GLOBAL NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITE, WPC AND CELLULOSIC PLASTIC CONSUMPTION IN THE AUTOMOTIVE MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • TABLE 36 GLOBAL WPC AND NATURAL FIBER CONSUMPTION IN THE AUTOMOTIVE MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • TABLE 37 WEIGHT COMPARISONS OF COMPETITIVE MATERIALS FOR RAILROAD TIES (POUNDS PER CUBIC FOOT)
  • TABLE 38 GLOBAL PLASTIC RAILROAD TIE MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • TABLE 39 GLOBAL PLASTIC RAILROAD TIE MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • TABLE 40 GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS OF WPCS, AND PLASTIC LUMBER IN THE INFRASTRUCTURE MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • TABLE 41 EPA'S RECOMMENDED RECOVERED MATERIALS CONTENT LEVELS FOR PARK BENCHES AND PICNIC TABLES (%)
  • TABLE 42 GLOBAL WPC, PLASTIC LUMBER, NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITES AND CELLULOSICS IN THE MISCELLANEOUS CONSUMER/INDUSTRIAL MARKETS, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • TABLE 43 COMPARISON OF PROPERTIES OF WPCS BY RESIN
  • TABLE 44 SELECTED WEIGHT COMPARISONS OF WOODS AND WPCS
  • TABLE 45 ASTM STANDARDS FOR PLASTIC LUMBER

LIST OF FIGURES

  • SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS OF WPCS, CELLULOSICS, PLASTIC LUMBER AND NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITES, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • FIGURE 1 GLOBAL WPC MARKET, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • FIGURE 2 USE OF CELLULOSIC PLASTICS BY GLOBAL REGION, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • FIGURE 3 GLOBAL NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITE COMPOUND MARKET, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • FIGURE 4 GLOBAL PLASTIC LUMBER MARKET, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • FIGURE 5 RESINS USED IN WOOD-PLASTIC COMPOSITES (%)
  • FIGURE 6 NORTH AMERICAN PLASTIC LUMBER, WPC AND NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITE ADDITIVE MARKET, 2011-2019 (MILLION POUNDS)
  • FIGURE 7 GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS OF WPCS, CELLULOSICS, PLASTIC LUMBER AND NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITES, 2011- 2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • FIGURE 8 GLOBAL BUILDING PRODUCTS MARKET BY TYPE OF PRODUCT, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • FIGURE 9 U.S. MARKETS FOR RECOVERED PLASTIC FILM IN 2012 (%)
  • FIGURE 10 GLOBAL WPC BUILDING PRODUCTS MARKET BY RESIN, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • FIGURE 11 GLOBAL PLASTIC LUMBER BUILDING PRODUCTS MARKET BY RESIN, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • FIGURE 12 NORTH AMERICAN WPC DECKING MARKET BY RESIN, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • FIGURE 13 GLOBAL WPC DECKING MARKET BY RESIN, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • FIGURE 14 GLOBAL PLASTIC LUMBER DECKING MARKET BY RESIN, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • FIGURE 15 GLOBAL PLASTIC LUMBER AND WPC FENCING AND WINDOW/DOOR MARKET, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • FIGURE 16 GLOBAL PLASTIC LUMBER FENCING AND WINDOW/DOOR MARKET BY RESIN, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • FIGURE 17 GLOBAL WPC FENCING AND WINDOW/DOOR MARKET BY RESIN, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • FIGURE 18 GLOBAL PLASTIC LUMBER, WPC AND NATURAL FIBER MISCELLANEOUS BUILDING PRODUCTS MARKET, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • FIGURE 19 GLOBAL PLASTIC LUMBER MISCELLANEOUS BUILDING PRODUCTS MARKET BY RESIN, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • FIGURE 20 GLOBAL WPC MISCELLANEOUS BUILDING PRODUCTS MARKET BY RESIN, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
  • FIGURE 21 GLOBAL NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITES, WPC AND CELLULOSIC PLASTIC CONSUMPTION IN THE AUTOMOTIVE MARKET, 2011-2019 (METRIC TONS)
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