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代替エネルギー源のための電力貯蔵技術

Electrical Power Storage Technologies for Alternative Energy Sources

発行 BCC Research 商品コード 196808
出版日 ページ情報 英文 413 Pages
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代替エネルギー源のための電力貯蔵技術 Electrical Power Storage Technologies for Alternative Energy Sources
出版日: 2011年05月31日 ページ情報: 英文 413 Pages
概要

世界の代替電力貯蔵市場は2011年に3億2,500万米ドルとなりました。同市場は2011〜2016年までCAGR5.4%で拡大し、2016年には4億2,300万米ドルになるとみられています。

当レポートでは、代替電力貯蔵技術市場の概要と代替エネルギー発電技術、電力貯蔵方法、参入企業のプロファイル、業界構造などについてまとめ、概略下記の構成でお届けいたします。

第1章 イントロダクション

第2章 サマリー

第3章 概要:従来の発電方法

  • 発電要素
  • 電力グリッド

第4章 概要:地域、国別の主な電力グリッド

  • 北米
  • 欧州
  • 日本
  • 中国
  • インド
  • その他

第5章 概要:代替エネルギー発電技術

  • 太陽
  • 風力
  • 潮力・波力
  • 地熱

第6章 電力貯蔵

  • バッテリー
  • 燃料電池
  • 容量性貯蔵
  • フライホイールエネルギー貯蔵

第7章 電力貯蔵企業

  • 代替エネルギー貯蔵企業の種類
  • 電力貯蔵企業プロファイル

第8章 業界構造

  • 市場促進因子

第9章 代替電力貯蔵市場

  • 代替電力貯蔵市場の背景
  • 市場促進因子とシナリオ
  • 技術別市場
  • 発電タイプ別市場
  • 市場へのシステムアプローチ
  • 地域別市場

第10章 電力貯蔵インテグレータ

  • 代替電力貯蔵システムインテグレータの種類
  • インテグレータプロファイル

第11章 付録

図表

目次
Product Code: EGY073A

Abstract

REPORT HIGHLIGHTS

  • The global alternative electrical power storage market in 2011 will be worth more than $325 million, including more than $236 million worth of electrochemical batteries. This market is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.4% between 2011 and 2016 under a consensus scenario resulting in a $423 million global market in 2016, including $322 million worth of electrochemical batteries.
  • BCC Research anticipates a $175 million wind power market and a $147 million solar power market in 2011 under a consensus scenario. An optimistic but still possible scenario could see a wind power market worth more than $240 million by 2016, reflecting a 7% compound annual growth rate (CAGR).
  • In 2011, BCC Research forecasts much larger fuel cell systems will be shipped. This sector is estimated at $25 million in 2011 and is expected to increase at a 12% compound annual growth rate (CAGR) to reach $44 million in 2016.

SUMMARY FIGURE
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY STORAGE MARKET BY POWER SOURCE, CONSENSUS SCENARIO, 2006-2016
($ MILLIONS)

Source: BCC Research

REPORT SCOPE

INTRODUCTION

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

Utility-scale power generation has moved beyond the tried and true coal-fired, oil-burning, natural gas, nuclear, and hydroelectric stage. Significant amounts of electric power are generated using generally smaller “alternative” sources like wind, solar, tidal, and geothermal. As these smaller power generation approaches proliferate, the problem of off-peak generation becomes important. What to do at night, or when the wind doesn' t blow, or when it blows too hard? Power system designers must begin to investigate ways to store alternative power so that it can be used when needed.

With this in mind, this report measures and examines the emerging market for utility-scale “alternative electric power storage,” including the use of batteries, fuel cells, capacitive storage, and flywheel energy storage. These storage approaches can be deployed using stationary facilities, mobile arrays, and increasingly, smart grids that can combine a variety of approaches (including banks of parked electric vehicles).

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY

This report also can provide valuable information in terms of assessing investment in specific technologies and, therefore, should benefit investors directly or indirectly. Others may find the broad discussions of energy policy and environmental impact to be of considerable value in understanding the opportunities and problems in the near- to mid-term.

SCOPE OF REPORT

As defined by this report, “alternative electrical power storage” includes approaches that use primarily electric and high speed kinetic approaches as opposed to larger scale kinetic approaches like pumped hydro and compressed air.

This includes:

  • Batteries (including lead-acid, nickel-based, lithium-based, sodium-sulfur, and redox flow systems)
  • Fuel cells, which can be powered by hydrogen generated by excess capacity
  • Flywheel energy storage, which stores excess energy in a high speed rotating kinetic battery
  • Capacitive energy storage, which uses an electronic rather than an electrochemical approach to storing electrical energy.

As defined by this report, “alternative electrical power storage” refers primarily to power generated by means other than coal, oil, natural gas, nuclear, and hydroelectric (wind, solar, geothermal, and tidal/wave). However, the alternative market is discussed in relation to this established “conventional” market. It should also be noted that many of the energy storage technologies discussed in this report can also be used during conventional power generation for peak shifting.

This report discusses the North American, European, Far Eastern, and Rest-of-World market in terms of units, value, and megawatt capacity. A target market based on optimistic, pessimistic, and consensus alternative energy adoption and power storage potential is provided. This is compared to the conventional power generation target and peak shifting opportunities. The current market is small, mainly limited to pilot projects. By 2016, these pilots will be expanding into commercial implementations. This 2016 market is also characterized in terms of optimistic, pessimistic, and consensus scenarios. Finally, long-term markets prospects (beyond 2021) are discussed in more general terms.

Major utility-scale alternative electrical power companies are listed and characterized, and energy storage systems companies and integrators are profiled in detail.

Note that there is a significant distinction between the term “alternative power” and the more commonly-used term “renewable energy.”

  • “Alternative” power is generated using processes beyond commonly-used coal, oil, natural gas, nuclear, and hydropower
  • “Renewable” energy is generated using processes that do not expend mined or pumped resources -- coal, oil, natural gas, and nuclear. However, in addition to all the alternative fuels, “renewable” also includes hydropower.

METHODOLOGY

An in-depth analysis of technical and business literature and published dissertations, a review of the history of the technologies involved, interviews with industry experts, company representatives, federal government researchers, and university scientists provide an assessment of the outlook for alternative electrical power storage. Other information sources include product literature from suppliers, scientific references, conferences, patent searches.

Both primary and secondary research methodologies were used in preparing this report, which is based on interviews with commercial and government sources, literature reviews, and patent examinations. Throughout the report, past market data is expressed in current dollars, and estimates and projections are in constant 2011 dollars. Historic markets (2006) and the projected market for 2016 are provided. Long-term markets prospects (beyond 2021) are discussed in more general terms.

Most market summaries are based on a consensus scenario that assumes no unanticipated technical advances and no unexpected legislation. When appropriate, pessimistic, consensus, and optimistic market scenarios characterize several developmental markets. Totals are rounded to the nearest million dollars. When appropriate, information from previously published sources is identified to allow a more detailed examination by clients.

INFORMATION SOURCES

Market assumptions used in this report include those based on updates of material from an earlier version of this analysis, as well as from BCC Research studies. This report' s author prepared these studies as well. He also edits the twice-monthly BCC Research newsletter, Fuel Cell Industry Report and Hybrid and Electric Vehicle Progress, which are uniquely valuable sources for this market. Although many segments of the industry are well documented, much of this information is based on estimates, not hard facts. The distinction between these estimates and hard facts can be vital, and wherever possible, sources are identified.

ANALYST CREDENTIALS

This report' s project analyst, Donald Saxman, is the editor of BCC Research' s Fuel Cell Industry Report and Hybrid and Electric Vehicle Progress newsletters, and has founded several other BCC newsletters. Mr. Saxman has more than 28 years of experience in market analysis, technical writing, and newsletter editing. Since 1983, he has operated as a technical market consultant and subcontractor to BCC Research, and, in this capacity, he has prepared more than 80 technology market research reports, including many that covered battery technology and battery markets. His previous experience includes supervision of a quality-control laboratory at a major secondary lead refinery, experience as an analytical chemist at a hazardous waste testing service, product assurance manager for a space station life-support-system project, and an information technology business analyst and project manager.

Table of Contents

Electrical Power Storage Technologies for Alternative Energy Sources

Chapter - 1: INTRODUCTION - Complimentary

  • STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
  • REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
  • INTENDED AUDIENCE
  • SCOPE OF REPORT
  • METHODOLOGY
  • INFORMATION SOURCES
  • ANALYST CREDENTIALS
  • RELATED REPORTS
  • BCC ONLINE SERVICES
  • DISCLAIMER

Chapter - 2: SUMMARY

  • Table 0: ALTERNATIVE ENERGY STORAGE MARKET BY POWER SOURCE, CONSENSUS SCENARIO, THROUGH 2016
  • Figure 0: ALTERNATIVE ENERGY STORAGE MARKET BY POWER SOURCE, CONSENSUS SCENARIO, 2006-2016

Chapter - 3: OVERVIEW: CONVENTIONAL POWER GENERATION ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION APPROACHES

  • POWER GENERATION COMPONENTS
  • THE POWER GRID

Chapter - 4: OVERVIEW: MAJOR POWER GRIDS BY REGION OR COUNTRY

  • NORTH AMERICAN POWER GRIDS
  • EUROPEAN POWER GRIDS
  • JAPANESE POWER GRIDS
  • CHINESE POWER GRIDS
  • INDIAN POWER GRIDS
  • OTHER GLOBAL POWER GRIDS

Chapter - 5: OVERVIEW: ALTERNATIVE POWER GENERATION TECHNOLOGIES

  • SOLAR
  • WIND
  • TIDAL AND WAVE
  • GEOTHERMAL

Chapter - 6: POWER STORAGE

  • BATTERIES
  • FUEL CELLS
  • CAPACITIVE STORAGE
  • FLYWHEEL ENERGY STORAGE
  • Table 22: FLYWHEEL ENERGY STORAGE ADVANTAGES
  • Table 23: FLYWHEEL ENERGY STORAGE DEFINITIONS

Chapter - 7: POWER STORAGE COMPANIES

  • TYPES OF ALTERNATIVE POWER STORAGE COMPANIES
  • ALTERNATIVE POWER STORAGE COMPANY PROFILES

Chapter - 8: INDUSTRY STRUCTURE

  • MARKET DRIVERS

Chapter - 9: ALTERNATIVE POWER STORAGE MARKETS

  • ALTERNATIVE POWER STORAGE MARKET BACKGROUND
  • ALTERNATIVE POWER STORAGE MARKET DRIVERS AND SCENARIOS
  • MARKETS BY POWER STORAGE TECHNOLOGY
  • MARKETS BY POWER GENERATION TYPE
  • A SYSTEMS APPROACH TO THE MARKETS
  • MARKETS BY REGION
  • Table 60: ALTERNATIVE ENERGY STORAGE BY REGION, CONSENSUS SCENARIO, THROUGH 2016
  • Figure 11: ALTERNATIVE ENERGY STORAGE BY REGION, CONSENSUS SCENARIO, 2011
  • Table L-11 :
  • Table 61: ALTERNATIVE ENERGY STORAGE BY REGION, OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO, THROUGH 2016
  • Table 62: ALTERNATIVE ENERGY STORAGE BY REGION, PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO

Chapter - 10: POWER STORAGE INTEGRATORS

  • TYPES OF ALTERNATIVE POWER STORAGE SYSTEM INTEGRATORS
  • POWER STORAGE INTEGRATOR PROFILES

Chapter - 11: APPENDIX A: COMBINED SMART GRID DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM SELECTIONS FOR 2011

List of Tables

  • Summary Table: ALTERNATIVE ENERGY STORAGE MARKET BY POWER SOURCE, CONSENSUS SCENARIO, THROUGH 2016
  • Table 1: LOAD LEVELING AND PEAK SHIFTING APPROACHES
  • Table 2: LEADING U.S. ELECTRIC UTILITIES
  • Table 3: EXISTING CAPACITY BY ENERGY SOURCE, 2009
  • Table 4: EUROPEAN NETWORK OF TRANSMISSION SYSTEM OPERATORS FOR ELECTRICITY MEMBERS
  • Table 5: JAPANESE POWER UTILITIES
  • Table 6: CHINESE POWER UTILITIES
  • Table 7: APPLICATIONS FOR STORAGE-INTEGRATED PHOTOVOLTAICS
  • Table 8: TECHNOLOGIES FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER STORAGE
  • Table 9: POWER STORAGE FUNCTIONALITY
  • Table 10: POTENTIAL ALTERNATIVE POWER STORAGE BATTERY SYSTEMS
  • Table 11: SUMMARY OF CURRENT AND HISTORIC ALUMINUM-AIR BATTERY COMPANIES AND DEVELOPMENTS
  • Table 12: SUMMARY OF CURRENT AND HISTORIC ZINC-AIR BATTERY COMPANIES AND DEVELOPMENTS
  • Table 13: HIGH-TEMPERATURE LITHIUM-IRON SULFIDE BATTERY R&D
  • Table 14: SUMMARY OF HIGH-TEMPERATURE LITHIUM BATTERY RESEARCH
  • Table 15: SUMMARY OF CURRENT AND HISTORIC SODIUM-SULFUR BATTERY COMPANIES AND DEVELOPMENTS
  • Table 16: CANDIDATE ALTERNATIVE POWER STORAGE FUEL CELLS
  • Table 17: HYDROGEN PRODUCTION METHODS
  • Table 18: HYDROGEN ELECTROLYZER/FUEL CELL ENERGY STORAGE WITH HYDROGEN STORAGE IN WIND TURBINE TOWERS, 2010 AND 2020
  • Table 19: COSTS OF GEOLOGIC STORAGE CAVERN DEVELOPMENT FOR CAES AND HYDROGEN
  • Table 20: VALUE OF COMPONENTS FOR ANALYSIS OF PEM FUEL CELL
  • Table 21: SUPERCAPACITORS COMPARED TO BATTERIES
  • Table 22: FLYWHEEL ENERGY STORAGE ADVANTAGES
  • Table 23: FLYWHEEL ENERGY STORAGE DEFINITIONS
  • Table 24: LEAD-ACID BATTERY COMPANIES
  • Table 25: NICKEL-BASED BATTERY COMPANIES
  • Table 26: LITHIUM BATTERY COMPANIES
  • Table 27: MAJOR EV LITHIUM - ION BATTERY MAKERS
  • Table 28: METAL-AIR BATTERY COMPANIES
  • Table 29: FLOW BATTERY COMPANIES
  • Table 30: SODIUM-SULFUR BATTERY COMPANY
  • Table 31: CAPACITIVE ENERGY STORAGE COMPANIES
  • Table 32: FLYWHEEL ENERGY STORAGE COMPANIES
  • Table 33: HYDROGEN FUEL CELL COMPANIES
  • Table 34: OECD AND NON-OECD NET ELECTRICITY GENERATION BY ENERGY SOURCE, 2007-2035
  • Table 35: WORLD TOTAL INSTALLED GENERATING CAPACITY BY REGION AND COUNTRY, 2007-2035
  • Table 36: WORLD INSTALLED WIND-POWERED GENERATING CAPACITY BY REGION AND COUNTRY, 2007-2035
  • Table 37: WORLD INSTALLED GEOTHERMAL GENERATING CAPACITY BY REGION AND COUNTRY, 2007-2035
  • Table 38: WORLD INSTALLED SOLAR GENERATING CAPACITY BY REGION AND COUNTRY, 2007-2035
  • Table 39: WORLD INSTALLED OTHER RENEWABLE GENERATING CAPACITY BY REGION AND COUNTRY, 2007-2035
  • Table 40: WORLD NET WIND-POWERED ELECTRICITY GENERATION FROM CENTRAL PRODUCERS BY REGION AND COUNTRY, 2007-2035
  • Table 41: WORLD NET GEOTHERMAL ELECTRICITY GENERATION FROM CENTRAL PRODUCERS BY REGION AND COUNTRY, 2007-2035
  • Table 42: WORLD NET SOLAR ELECTRICITY GENERATION FROM CENTRAL PRODUCERS BY REGION AND COUNTRY, 2007-2035
  • Table 43: WORLD NET OTHER RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY GENERATION FROM CENTRAL PRODUCERS BY REGION AND COUNTRY, 2007-2035
  • Table 44: ESTIMATED LEVELIZED COST OF NEW GENERATION RESOURCES FOR 2016
  • Table 45: TYPICAL ALTERNATIVE POWER STORAGE SYSTEM COST COMPONENTS
  • Table 46: QUALITATIVE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS
  • Table 47: ALTERNATIVE POWER STORAGE ENGINEERING AND DEVELOPMENT EXPENDITURES
  • Table 48: POWER STORAGE TECHNOLOGY MARKET DRIVERS
  • Table 49: CONSENSUS, OPTIMISTIC, AND PESSIMISTIC POWER STORAGE TECHNOLOGY SCENARIOS
  • Table 50: ALTERNATIVE ENERGY STORAGE MARKET BY POWER SOURCE, CONSENSUS SCENARIO
  • Table 51: ALTERNATIVE ENERGY STORAGE MARKET BY POWER SOURCE, OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO, THROUGH 2016
  • Table 52: ALTERNATIVE ENERGY STORAGE MARKET BY POWER SOURCE, PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO, THROUGH 2016
  • Table 53: ALTERNATIVE ENERGY STORAGE MARKET CONSENSUS SCENARIO ESTIMATE, THROUGH 2021
  • Table 54: ALTERNATIVE ENERGY STORAGE MARKET BY POWER GENERATION, CONSENSUS SCENARIO, THROUGH 2016
  • Table 55: ALTERNATIVE ENERGY STORAGE MARKET BY POWER GENERATION, OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO, THROUGH 2016
  • Table 56: ALTERNATIVE ENERGY STORAGE MARKET BY POWER GENERATION, PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO, THROUGH 2016
  • Table 57: ALTERNATIVE ENERGY STORAGE MARKET BY SYSTEM MATURITY, CONSENSUS SCENARIO, THROUGH 2016
  • Table 58: ALTERNATIVE ENERGY STORAGE MARKET BY SYSTEM MATURITY, OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO, THROUGH 2016
  • Table 59: ALTERNATIVE ENERGY STORAGE MARKET BY SYSTEM MATURITY, PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO, THROUGH 2016
  • Table 60: ALTERNATIVE ENERGY STORAGE BY REGION, CONSENSUS SCENARIO, THROUGH 2016
  • Table 61: ALTERNATIVE ENERGY STORAGE BY REGION, OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO, THROUGH 2016
  • Table 62: ALTERNATIVE ENERGY STORAGE BY REGION, PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO
  • Table 63: WIND ALTERNATIVE POWER INTEGRATORS
  • Table 64: SOLAR ALTERNATIVE POWER INTEGRATORS
  • Table 65: GEOTHERMAL ALTERNATIVE POWER INTEGRATORS
  • Table 66: TIDAL AND WAVE ALTERNATIVE POWER INTEGRATORS

List of Figures

  • Summary Figure: ALTERNATIVE ENERGY STORAGE MARKET BY POWER SOURCE, CONSENSUS SCENARIO, 2006-2016
  • Figure 1: COMPARISON OF POWER STORAGE APPROACHES
  • Figure 2: CONCEPTUAL DRAWING OF HYDROGEN STORAGE IN WIND TURBINE TOWER
  • Figure 3: COST BREAKDOWN FOR MODIFYING WIND TURBINE TOWER TO INCLUDE HYDROGEN STORAGE
  • Figure 4: HYDROGEN FUEL CELL ENERGY ARBITRAGE SCENARIO WITH GEOLOGIC STORAGE
  • Figure 5: HYDROGEN FUEL CELL ENERGY ARBITRAGE SCENARIO WITH ABOVE-GROUND STORAGE
  • Figure 6: ALTERNATIVE POWER STORAGE CAPITAL COST COMPARISON
  • Figure 7: ALTERNATIVE ENERGY STORAGE MARKET BY POWER SOURCE, CONSENSUS SCENARIO, 2006-2016
  • Figure 8: ALTERNATIVE ENERGY STORAGE MARKET BY POWER SOURCE IN 2011, CONSENSUS SCENARIO
  • Figure 9: ALTERNATIVE ENERGY STORAGE MARKET BY GENERATION SOURCE CONSENSUS SCENARIO, 2011
  • Figure 10: ALTERNATIVE ENERGY STORAGE MARKET BY SYSTEM MATURITY, CONSENSUS SCENARIO, 2011
  • Figure 11: ALTERNATIVE ENERGY STORAGE BY REGION, CONSENSUS SCENARIO, 2011
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