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市場調査レポート

量子ドット:世界市場の成長と将来の商業的見通し

Quantum Dots: Global Market Growth and Future Commercial Prospects

発行 BCC Research 商品コード 174956
出版日 ページ情報 英文 369 Pages
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量子ドット:世界市場の成長と将来の商業的見通し Quantum Dots: Global Market Growth and Future Commercial Prospects
出版日: 2014年04月21日 ページ情報: 英文 369 Pages
概要

2013年の世界における量子ドット市場の収益は、推計で1億2100万米ドルとなりました。同市場は今後5年間、複合年間成長率(CAGR)90.8%で拡大する見通しで、2016年にはおよそ11億米ドル、2018年にはおよそ31億米ドルに達すると予測されています。

当レポートでは、世界市場における量子ドットの技術概要、特許動向、競合分析、アプリケーション別の市場動向/分析などを提供しており、概略以下の内容でお届けします。

第1章 イントロダクション

第2章 エグゼクティブサマリー

第3章 技術概要

  • 量子ドットとは
  • 量子ドットの歴史
  • 量子ドットの特性
  • 量子ドット産業
  • 量子ドットのアプリケーションと構造的タイプ
  • 基本構造
  • 複合構造
  • 特許分析
  • 量子ドットの製造(合成)とデバイスアセンブリー
  • 金属カルコゲニド量子ドットの合成
  • ナノ結晶シリコン量子ドットの合成
  • ナノ結晶金属および量子ドットの合成
  • カーボン量子ドットの合成
  • 量子ドット構造のアセンブリー

第4章 特許分析

第5章 産業構造・競合分析

  • 量子ドットのメーカー/企業プロファイル
  • 量子ドットベースの商業アプリケーションプラットフォーム
  • 量子ドット産業の原動力
  • 量子ドット産業における課題
  • 貿易慣行/規制上の課題と情報
  • 産業の発展段階

第6章 アプリケーション別市場

  • イントロダクション
  • バイオテクノロジーおよびバイオ医療
  • バイオテクノロジー
  • バイオ医療
  • エレクトロニクス
  • オプトエレクトロニクス
  • 光学部品
  • セキュリティ
  • 持続可能エネルギー

第7章 市場分析

  • 量子ドットの商業メーカー
  • 生物学およびバイオ医療における量子ドット市場の見通し
  • メモリーアプリケーションにおける量子ドット市場の見通し
  • 固体/フレキシブル白色LED照明およびディスプレイにおける量子ドット市場の見通し
  • 光通信における量子ドット市場の見通し
  • セキュリティアプリケーションにおける量子ドット市場の見通し
  • 太陽電池技術における量子ドット市場の見通し
  • その他のエネルギー技術における量子ドット市場の見通し
  • その他の注目すべき分野における量子ドット市場の見通し

図表

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目次
Product Code: NAN027D

The global market for quantum dots (QDs) was estimated to generate $121 million in revenues in 2013. This market is expected to reach about $1.1 billion in 2016 and about $3.1 billion by 2018, at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 90.8% for the five-year period, 2013 to 2018.

This report provides:

>list? An overview of the global markets for quantum dots and their future commercial prospects. Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2013 to 2017, and projections of CAGRs through 2018. Information especially valuable to individuals and organizations seeking more insight into the current status of QDs, their stand-alone capabilities within the spectrum of nanomaterials, as well as to nanomaterials manufacturers, investors seeking near-term commercialization opportunities, and technologists confronted with nanomaterial device integration issues. Insight into how to exploit the use of quantum dots in the biological, biomedical, electronics, energy, optics, optoelectronics, and security applications industries. Evaluation of key and relevant patents.

REPORT SCOPE

INTRODUCTION

Among the many subsets of nanomaterials, quantum dots (QDs) are like no other. At dimensions typically below 10 nanometers (nm), nanocrystalline (nc) semiconductors (SC), metals and magnetic materials can all exhibit extraordinary quantum confinement phenomenon. Basically, at these dimensions, their physical size encroaches upon the fundamental quantum confinement dimensions of orbiting electrons that are uniquely prescribed by their atomic nucleus. Within the regime of these critical dimensions, QDs exhibit distinctly different behavior from their bulk form, which manifests itself, for example, in distinctly different optical, electronic and magnetic properties.

Today, scientists can precisely synthesize nanocrystalline materials at these critical dimensions and thereby systematically tune their quantum confining behavior. As a result there is currently enormous interest to exploit and capitalize on the unique properties exhibited by QD materials. As a harbinger for future business developments, colloidal QD-bioconjugates are among the first wave of commercial product applications stimulating market interest. Primarily, these have quickly established a niche market in the life sciences and biomedical communities, where they provide unrivalled cellular imaging and therapeutic detection capabilities. Other promising prototype developments of SC QDs now on the commercial-horizon range include: a new generation of flash memory devices; nanomaterial enhancements for improving the performance of flexible organic light-emitting diodes (LEDs), as well as solid-state white-LED lighting; and a core technology used in flexible solar panel coatings.

With these impending commercial developments and their enormous business potential, this report provides a timely assessment of quantum dot materials-where they are currently at, and where they might be in the foreseeable future.

STUDY GOAL AND OBJECTIVES

The primary objective of this report is threefold: to assess the current state-of-the-art in synthesizing QDs; to identify the current market players seeking to exploit QD behavior; and to evaluate actual or potential markets in terms of application, type and projected commercial market revenues.

SCOPE AND FORMAT

Since their parallel discovery in Russia and the U.S. almost 30 years ago, SC QDs, until quite recently, have resided exclusively in the domain of solid-state physics, where they have been fabricated using expensive and sophisticated molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) or chemical vapor deposition (CVD) equipment. However, in a relatively short time frame, this situation has changed dramatically with the recent commercial availability of colloidal QDs synthesized by less expensive wet-chemical processes. Practically, the availability of QDs in a colloidally dispersed form will help demystify these somewhat esoteric materials. Most importantly, colloidal QDs now provide access to a much broader audience, which promises to further widen their potential market exploitation.

Current and future applications of QDs impact a broad range of industrial markets. These include, for example, biology and biomedicine; computing and memory; electronics and displays; optoelectronic devices such as LEDs, lighting and lasers; optical components in telecommunications and image sensors; and security applications such as covert identification tagging or biowarfare detection sensors.

This report probes in considerable depth the early pioneers and champions in this field in industry, government and academic laboratories. The most active organizations, promising technical applications, and developments realizable within the next five years, will all be highlighted.

CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE STUDY AND TARGET AUDIENCE

This report represents a major update of the BCC Research report (NAN027C) Quantum Dots: Global Market Growth and Future Commercial Prospects, published in February 2011. The most significant revisions in the new edition include:

  • An extensive updated patent analysis (2011 to 2013).
  • An in-depth assessment of the unfolding commercial markets.
  • Progress in the synthesis and commercial scale up by QD producers.
  • Updated company profiles of the producers and end users dictating market development.
  • Updated five-year market projection analysis of the emerging QD market.

This is the fourth exclusive report to focus on QD nanomaterials from the perspective of their technology, applications and future business prospects. Thus, this up-to-date, technical assessment and business analysis should prove an especially valuable resource to individuals and organizations seeking more insight into the current status of QDs, their stand-alone capabilities within the spectrum of nanomaterials and time-to-market commercial development. The report's comprehensive technical and business assessment on the current status of the QD-based industry should prove informative to nanomaterials manufacturers, investors seeking near-term commercialization opportunities, technologists confronted with nanomaterial device integration issues and companies specifically interested in exploiting QDs in biological, biomedical, electronics, energy, optics, optoelectronics and security applications.

METHODOLOGY AND SOURCES OF INFORMATION

Both primary and secondary research methodologies were used in preparing this report. This report is primarily derived from the enormous amount of patent and technical literature relating to QDs disclosed in the public domain. In addition, complementary information has also been drawn from the business community, such as company investment news, company profiles, press releases and personal telephone interviews with selected companies.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

John Oliver, the author of this report, is the founder of Innov8 Solutions, which provides advanced materials consultation services to various clients. He has over 30 years of industrial research and development (R&D) experience in surface and colloid science, spanning a wide range of materials technology. Primarily, working as a senior scientist at Xerox Research Centre of Canada, he developed an invaluable understanding in advanced materials used in digital printing technologies such as xerography and ink-jet printing. In the past 10 years, following his involvements with the Alberta Research Council and several local universities, his interests have evolved into the realm of nanomaterials and microsystems device integration. He has a Ph.D. in Physical Chemistry from McGill University, and BSc degree in Chemistry from Surrey University, U.K. His publications include more than 40 peer-reviewed technical articles, 20 patents and one technical book.

Between 2005 and 2009, he was the editor of BCC Research's bimonthly Nanoparticle News and has authored four previous BCC Research technical reports: Quantum Dots (NAN027A, NAN027B, NAN027C); Carbon Nanotubes (NAN024C, NAN024D, NAN024E); and Bioinspired and Nanoengineered Surfaces: Technologies, Applications and Global Markets (AVM089A).

Table of Contents

CHAPTER1 INTRODUCTION

  • STUDY GOAL AND OBJECTIVES
  • SCOPE AND FORMAT
  • CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE STUDY AND TARGET AUDIENCE
  • METHODOLOGY AND SOURCES OF INFORMATION
  • ABOUT THE AUTHOR
  • RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
  • BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
  • DISCLAIMER

CHAPTER2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET REVENUES FOR QUANTUM DOTS BY MARKET SECTOR, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
  • SUMMARY FIGURE TOTAL GLOBAL MARKET REVENUE FOR QD-BASED PRODUCTS, 2013-2018 ($ MILLIONS)

CHAPTER3 TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW

  • WHAT IS A QUANTUM DOT?
  • HISTORY OF QUANTUM DOTS
  • TABLE 1 CHRONOLOGICAL EVOLUTION OF QDS: FROM RESEARCH CURIOSITY THROUGH TO COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT
  • PROPERTIES OF QUANTUM DOTS
  • FIGURE 1 LUMINESCENCE SIZE REGIMES FOR DIFFERENT SEMICONDUCTOR AND METAL QUANTUM DOTS[1]
  • TABLE 2 COMPARISON OF EMISSION WAVELENGTH OF SC AND METAL NC QUANTUM DOTS AS A FUNCTION OF THEIR SIZE
  • TABLE 3 OTHER PROPERTIES OF COLLOIDAL QUANTUM DOTS
  • QUANTUM DOT INDUSTRY
  • APPLICATIONS AND STRUCTURAL TYPES OF QUANTUM DOTS
    • BASIC STRUCTURES
    • TABLE 4 HIERARCHY AND VARIOUS TYPES OF QDS: BASIC STRUCTURES
    • COMPOSITE STRUCTURES
    • TABLE 5 HIERARCHY AND VARIOUS TYPES OF QDS: COMPOSITE STRUCTURES
    • COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 6 QD MATERIAL TYPES AND THEIR COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 7 KEY QUANTUM DOT TECHNOLOGIES AND APPLICATIONS
    • PATENT ANALYSIS
  • QUANTUM DOT PRODUCTION (SYNTHESIS) AND DEVICE ASSEMBLY
  • SYNTHESIS OF METAL CHALCOGENIDE QUANTUM DOTS
    • VAPOR PHASE
    • TABLE 8 QUANTUM DOT PRODUCTION METHODS: VAPOR PHASE
      • Aerosol Drop Method
      • Melt Atomization
      • Chemical Vapor Deposition
      • Physical Vapor Deposition
      • Molecular Beam Epitaxy
    • LIQUID PHASE ("WET" COLLOID CHEMISTRY)
    • TABLE 9 QUANTUM DOT PRODUCTION METHODS: LIQUID PHASE
      • Colloid
        • Batch Process
        • Continuous Flow
      • Precipitation
    • SOLID PHASE
    • TABLE 10 QUANTUM DOT PRODUCTION METHODS: SOLID PHASE
  • SYNTHESIS OF NANOCRYSTALLINE SILICON QDS
    • LIQUID PHASE SYNTHESIS
    • TABLE 11 VARIOUS METHODS USED FOR SI-NC SYNTHESIS
    • SOLID-PHASE SYNTHESIS
    • VAPOR-PHASE SYNTHESIS
  • SYNTHESIS OF NANOCRYSTALLINE METALS BASED QDS
    • TABLE 12 VARIOUS SYNTHETIC METHODS AND PHOTOPHYSICAL BEHAVIOR OF METAL-NCS
  • SYNTHESIS OF CARBON NANOMATERIAL-BASED QUANTUM DOTS
    • CARBON QUANTUM DOTS
    • GRAPHENE QUANTUM DOTS
  • ASSEMBLY OF QUANTUM DOT STRUCTURES
  • TABLE 13 QUANTUM DOT STRUCTURE ASSEMBLY METHODS
    • LITHOGRAPHY
      • Conventional Top-Down Methods
      • Nanolithography
    • FILM FORMATION
      • Cast Film
      • Langmuir-Blodgett
      • Layer-by-Layer
      • Metamaterials
      • Biomolecular Self-assembly
      • Photopatternable Arrays
    • OTHER TECHNIQUES
      • Digital Printing
      • Nanoporous Templates
  • QUANTUM DOT APPLICATIONS AND END USES
  • TABLE 14 MAIN APPLICATION SECTORS AND INDUSTRIAL END-USES IDENTIFIED FOR QUANTUM DOT TECHNOLOGY
    • BIOMEDICAL
    • ELECTRONICS
    • OPTICS
    • OPTOELECTRONICS
    • SECURITY
    • SUSTAINABLE ENERGY
  • MARKET SECTORIZATION AND FIVE-YEAR REVENUE GROWTH TRENDS
  • TABLE 15 GLOBAL MARKET REVENUE GENERATED BY QUANTUM DOTS ACCORDING TO MAJOR MARKET SECTORS, 2013 AND 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 51
  • FIGURE 2 GLOBAL MARKET REVENUES GENERATED BY QUANTUM DOTS ACCORDING TO MAJOR MARKET SECTORS, 2013 AND 2018 ($ MILLIONS)

CHAPTER4 PATENT ANALYSIS

  • RATIONALE AND METHODOLOGY
  • U.S. PATENT & TRADEMARK OFFICE (USPTO) SEARCH
    • CHRONOLOGICAL GROWTH TRENDS IN USPTO ACTIVITY
    • FIGURE 3 U.S. QD PATENTS ISSUED, 1986-DECEMBER 31, 2013 (CUMULATIVE TOTAL NUMBER: 6,498)
    • FIGURE 4 COMPARISON OF U.S. QD PATENTS ISSUED AND PENDING, 2001-2013 (CUMULATIVE TOTAL NUMBERS: 6,255 (ISSUED); 12,123 (PENDING))
    • USPTO ACTIVITY CLASSIFIED BY INDUSTRIAL APPLICATION SECTOR
    • FIGURE 5 PERCENTAGE BREAKDOWN FOR THE MAIN INDUSTRY/APPLICATION SECTORS EMERGING FROM QD-PATENTS, ISSUED 2011-OCTOBER 1, 2013 (%)
    • TABLE 16 INDUSTRIAL SECTORS AND EXEMPLARY APPLICATIONS EMERGING FROM ISSUED U.S. QD-PATENTS, 2011 TO OCTOBER 1, 2013
    • FIGURE 6 RELATIVE TRENDS IN INDUSTRIAL APPLICATION SECTORS FOR ISSUED U.S. QD-PATENTS, 1998-2013 (%)
    • FIGURE 7 U.S. VERSUS FOREIGN QD PATENTS ISSUED CLASSIFIED BY APPLICATION SECTOR, 2011-OCTOBER 8, 2013 (TOTAL NUMBERS: 2,018 (U.S.), 765 (FOREIGN))
    • USPTO ACTIVITY: ASIAN, EUROPEAN AND OTHER COUNTRIES
    • FIGURE 8 U.S. QD PATENTS ISSUED ASSIGNED TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES, 2011-OCTOBER 8, 2013 (TOTAL NUMBERS: ASIA (385), EUROPE (278), ROW (102))
    • FIGURE 9 U.S. QD FILED PATENTS ASSIGNED TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES, 2011-OCTOBER 8, 2013 (CUMULATIVE TOTAL NUMBER: ASIA (439), EUROPE (371), ROW (134))
    • USPTO ACTIVITY: SMALL U.S. COMPANIES
    • TABLE 17 LEADING U.S. SMALL BUSINESSES GRANTED MUTIPLE PATENTS FOR QD-RELATED TECHNOLOGY, 2011-OCTOBER 8, 2013
    • TABLE 18 OTHER U.S. SMALL BUSINESSES GRANTED MULTIPLE PATENTS FOR QD-RELATED TECHNOLOGY, 2011-OCTOBER 8, 2013
    • USPTO ACTIVITY: LARGE U.S. COMPANIES
    • TABLE 19 LEADING U.S. LARGE BUSINESSES GRANTED MUTIPLE PATENTS IN QD-RELATED TECHNOLOGY, 2010-OCTOBER 8, 2013
    • USPTO ACTIVITY: U.S. ACADEMIC AND GOVERNMENT INSTITUTIONS
    • TABLE 20 U.S. ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS GRANTED MULTIPLE PATENTS IN QD-RELATED TECHNOLOGY, 2011-OCTOBER 15, 2013 (NUMBER)
    • TABLE 21 U.S. GOVERNMENT AND OTHER INSTITUTIONS GRANTED MULTIPLE PATENTS IN QD-RELATED TECHNOLOGY, 2011-OCTOBER 15, 2013
    • USPTO ACTIVITY: ACCORDING TO FOREIGN OWNERSHIP
      • Asia
      • TABLE 22 LEADING KOREAN ORGANIZATIONS GRANTED PATENTS IN QD-RELATED TECHNOLOGY, 2011-OCTOBER 15, 2013
      • TABLE 23 LEADING JAPANESE ORGANIZATIONS GRANTED MULTIPLE PATENTS IN QD-RELATED TECHNOLOGY, 2011-OCTOBER 15, 2013
      • TABLE 24 LEADING ORGANIZATIONS IN OTHER ASIAN COUNTRIES GRANTED PATENTS IN QD-RELATED TECHNOLOGY, 2011-OCTOBER 15, 2013
      • Europe
      • TABLE 25 LEADING EUROPEAN ORGANIZATIONS U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY IN QD-RELATED TECHNOLOGY, 2011-OCTOBER 15, 2013
      • Rest of the World
      • TABLE 26 LEADING ORGANIZATIONS IN ROW COUNTRIES WITH PATENT ACTIVITY IN QD-RELATED TECHNOLOGY, 2011-OCTOBER 15, 2013
      • IMPACT OF GOVERNMENT-FUNDED RESEARCH ON PATENT ACTIVITY
      • TABLE 27 MAJOR U.S. GOVERNMENT AGENCIES FUNDING QD-BASED RESEARCH

CHAPTER5 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS

  • QUANTUM DOT PRODUCERS/COMPANY PROFILES
    • WET CHEMICAL-BASED SYNTHESIS
    • Commercial Grades
    • TABLE 28 COMMERCIAL PRODUCERS OF COLLOIDAL QUANTUM DOTS (CQDS) 80
    • Research Grades 82
    • TABLE 29 RESEARCH GRADE PRODUCERS OF COLLOIDAL QUANTUM DOTS 82
    • Profiles of Commercial and Research Grade Producers 83
      • American Dye Source, Inc. 83
      • American Elements 83
      • Bayer Technology Services GmbH 84
      • Evident Technologies 85
      • TABLE 30 EVIDENT TECHNOLOGY QUANTUM DOT GRADES 87
      • TABLE 31 RECENT BUSINESS DEVELOPMENTS AT EVIDENT TECHNOLOGIES 89
      • Hanwha Nanotech Corporation 90
      • DuPont/Innovalight, Inc. 91
      • Life Technologies Corporation 92
      • Melben 95
      • Nanoco Technologies, Ltd. 95
      • Nanosquare Company Ltd. (Seoul, South Korea)
      • Navillum Nanotechnologies, LLC
      • Nanosys Inc.
      • TABLE 32 NANOSYS' QD FOCUSED BUSINESS DEVELOPMENTS: 2009 TO 2013
      • TABLE 33 NANOSYS' EARLIER NANOMATERIALS-BASED BUSINESS DEVELOPMENTS, 2005 TO 2008
      • NN-Labs, LLC
      • Ocean NanoTech LLC
      • QD Solution
      • QD Vision, Inc.
      • QLight Nanotech
      • Quantum Materials Corporation
      • PlasmaChem GmbH
      • Reade Advanced Materials
      • Selah Technologies, LLC
      • Vive Crop Protection
      • Voxtel Inc.
    • SOLID STATE-BASED SYNTHESIS
    • TABLE 34 U.S. LARGE CORPORATIONS INTERESTED IN SOLID-STATE SYNTHESIS OF QDS BASED ON PATENT ANALYSIS (2008-2010*)
    • COMMERCIAL QD-BASED APPLICATION PLATFORMS
    • U.S.-BASED COMPANIES
    • TABLE 35 U.S. PROPONENTS OF COMMERCIAL QD-BASED PRODUCT APPLICATION PLATFORMS
    • FOREIGN-BASED COMPANIES
      • Wet Chemical-based Synthesis
      • Solid-State-based Synthesis
      • TABLE 36 LEADING ASIAN COMPANIES CURRENTLY DEVELOPING SOLID-STATE-BASED QD-BASED DEVICES
      • TABLE 37 EUROPEAN AND OTHER FOREIGN ORGANIZATIONS CURRENTLY INVOLVED IN COMMERCIALLY DEVELOPING SOLID-STATE QD -BASED DEVICES
  • DRIVING FORCES IMPACTING QD INDUSTRY
    • PROGNOSIS FOR COMMODITY QD APPLICATIONS
    • DEVICE FABRICATION
    • TOP-DOWN IN SITU LITHOGRAPHIC FABRICATION
    • BOTTOM-UP ASSEMBLY
      • Solid-State Synthesis
      • Wet Colloid Synthesis
    • BUILDING OF QUANTUM DOT DEVICES
    • TABLE 38 PROCESS SYNTHESIS AND DEVICE FABRICATION PARADIGMS FOR COLLOIDAL-QDS
    • TABLE 39 RECENT DEVICE FABRICATION DEVELOPMENTS FOR COLLOIDAL-QDS
  • CHALLENGES AND ISSUES FACING THE QD INDUSTRY
  • TABLE 40 MAJOR ISSUES AND CHALLENGES FACING THE COLLOID QD INDUSTRY
    • NANOTOXICITY
    • TABLE 41 RECENT R&D STUDIES IN THE NANOTOXICOLOGY OF QD SYSTEMS
      • RoHS Directive
      • Non-toxic QD Systems
      • TABLE 42 RECENT R&D IN NON-TOXIC QD SYSTEMS
    • PRODUCTION SCALE-UP OF QDS
    • SURFACE CHEMICAL PASSIVATION
    • TRADE PRACTICES/REGULATORY ISSUES AND INFORMATION
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
    • TABLE 43 RECENT DEVELOPMENT IN NANOMATERIALS SAFETY AND IMPENDING REGULATION
      • Toxicity Studies
      • Environmental Studies
    • GREEN CHEMISTRY
  • EVOLUTIONARY STAGE OF INDUSTRY
    • COLLOIDAL QDS
    • COLLOIDAL QDS VERSUS EPITAXIAL QDS

CHAPTER6 MARKETS BY APPLICATION

  • INTRODUCTION
  • TABLE 44 COMMERCIALLY PROMISING SECTORS WITH FIRST-GENERATION OR PROTOTYPE QD-BASED PRODUCTS
  • BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOMEDICINE
  • BIOTECHNOLOGY
    • BIOLABEL SYNTHESIS
    • TABLE 45 ADVANTAGES OF QUANTUM DOTS AS BIOLOGICAL LABELS
    • TABLE 46 U.S. PATENTS ISSUED AND FILED ON QD BIOLABEL SYNTHESIS, 2001-2003
    • QD-TAGGED MICROBEADS
      • Live Cell Imaging
    • MOLECULAR SPECIES DIAGNOSIS/DETECTION
    • TABLE 47 U.S. PATENTS ISSUED AND FILED ON QD BIOTECHNOLOGY-MOLECULAR SPECIES DIAGNOSIS/DETECTION, 2001-2003
    • ANALYTICAL/INSTRUMENTS METHODS
    • TABLE 48 U.S. PATENTS ISSUED ON QD BIOTECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS ON ANALYTICAL/INSTRUMENT METHODS, 2001-2003
    • SENSOR AND MICROARRAY APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 49 U.S. PATENTS ISSUED ON QD-BIOTECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS ON SENSOR AND MICRO-ARRAY APPLICATIONS, 2001-2003
    • MORE RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN BIOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS
      • Patent Activity: Commercial Organizations
      • 2005 to 2008
      • TABLE 50 COMPANIES LEADING QD-BIOTECHNOLOGY/MEDICAL APPLICATIONS BASED ON U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY, 2005-2008
      • 2008 to 2010
      • TABLE 51 COMPANIES LEADING QD-BIOTECHNOLOGY/MEDICAL APPLICATIONS BASED ON U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY, 2008-OCTOBER 28, 2010
      • 2011 to 2013
      • TABLE 52 U.S. SMALL BUSINESSES GRANTED MULTIPLE PATENTS FOR QD-RELATED BIO/MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY: 2011-OCTOBER 8, 2013
      • TABLE 53 U.S. LARGE BUSINESSES GRANTED MULTIPLE PATENTS IN QD-RELATED BIO/MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY, 2011-OCTOBER 8, 2013
      • TABLE 54 FOREIGN ORGANIZATIONS LEADING U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY IN QD-RELATED BIO/MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY, 2011-OCTOBER 15, 2013
      • Patent Activity: Academic Organizations
      • TABLE 55 THE MOST ACTIVE UNIVERSITIES INVOLVED IN QD-BIOTECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS ACCORDING TO U.S. PATENTS ISSUED: 2005-2007
      • TABLE 56 LEADING UNIVERSITIES AND HOSPITALS INVOLVED IN QD-BIO/MEDICAL APPLICATIONS ACCORDING TO U.S. PATENTS: 2008-OCTOBER 28, 2010
    • COMPANY PROFILES-BIOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS
      • Affymetrix, Inc.
      • Amnis Corporation
      • Applera Corporation
      • Biocrystal Ltd.
      • Clinical Micro Sensors, Inc./ Osmetech Molecular Diagnostics
      • Clontech Laboratories, Inc.
      • Genoptix, Inc. (San Diego, CA)
      • Helicos BioSciences Corporation
      • Illumina, Inc.
      • Intel Corporation
        • Integrated Raman Bioanalyzer System
        • MEMS-Based Hydrodynamic Focusing
      • LI-COR Incorporated
      • Luminex Corporation
      • Nanosphere, Inc.
      • Pharmaceutical Product Development, Inc.
      • U.S. Genomics, Inc.
  • BIOMEDICINE
    • DEVELOPMENTS IN BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 57 QD MEDICAL APPLICATIONS DERIVED FROM U.S. PATENTS: 2000-2004
    • MORE RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 58 QD MEDICAL APPLICATIONS DERIVED FROM U.S. PATENTS: 2005-2007
    • BIOPHARMACEUTICS
    • CANCER THERAPY AND DIAGNOSTICS
    • DIAGNOSTIC TOOLS
      • Alverix, Inc.
      • Ventana Medical Systems, Inc.
    • DISEASE SCREENING
    • IMPLANTABLE DEVICES
      • Motorola Inc.
      • Intrinsiq Materials, Ltd
    • SURGICAL AIDS
      • Medical Instrumentation
        • Spectros Corporation
      • Photodynamic Therapy
        • Light Sciences Oncology, Inc.
        • Teledyne Lighting & Display Products
  • ELECTRONICS
  • TABLE 59 NOVEL QD-BASED DEVICES AND APPLICATIONS IN ELECTRONICS
    • LIMITATIONS OF CONVENTIONAL ELECTRONIC DEVICE FABRICATION
      • Top-Down QD Electronic Device Assembly
      • TABLE 60 U.S. PATENT-BASED DEVELOPMENTS IN QD INTEGRATION USING CONVENTIONAL MICROELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY, 1999-2004
      • TABLE 61 U.S. PATENT-BASED DEVELOPMENTS IN QD INTEGRATION USING CONVENTIONAL MICROELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY, 2005-2007
      • Bottom-Up QD Electronic Device Assembly-Molecular Electronics
      • TABLE 62 U.S. PATENT-BASED DEVELOPMENTS IN QD INTEGRATION INTO UNCONVENTIONAL NANOELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY, 1999-2003
      • TABLE 63 U.S. PATENT-BASED DEVELOPMENTS IN QD INTEGRATION USING UNCONVENTIONAL MICROELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY, 2005-2007
      • TABLE 64 U.S. PATENT-BASED DEVELOPMENTS IN UNCONVENTIONAL QD-BASED MICROELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY, 2008-2010
    • QUANTUM COMPUTERS AND CRYPTOGRAPHY
      • Quantum Computing and Information Processing
      • Quantum Cryptography
      • Patent Activity in Quantum Computers and Quantum Cryptography
        • 1999 to 2004
        • TABLE 65 U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN QUANTUM COMPUTERS AND QUANTUM CRYPTOGRAPHY, 1999-2004
        • 2005 to 2007
        • TABLE 66 U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN QUANTUM COMPUTERS AND QUANTUM CRYPTOGRAPHY, 2005-2007
        • 2008 to 2010
        • TABLE 67 U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN QUANTUM COMPUTERS AND QUANTUM CRYPTOGRAPHY, 2008-2010
        • 2011 to 2013
        • TABLE 68 U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN QUANTUM COMPUTERS AND QUANTUM CRYPTOGRAPHY, 2011-2013
      • D-Wave Systems Inc.
      • LTX-Credence Corporation
      • MagiQ Technologies, Inc.
      • Qucor Pty. Ltd.
      • Toshiba Research Europe Ltd.
    • STORAGE/MEMORY DEVICES
      • Patent Developments
        • 1999 to 2004
        • TABLE 69 U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN MEMORY DEVICES, 1999-2004
        • 2005 to 2007
        • TABLE 70 U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN MEMORY DEVICES, 2005-2007
        • 2008 to 2010
        • TABLE 71 U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN MEMORY DEVICES, 2008-2010
        • 2011 to 2013
        • TABLE 72 U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN MEMORY DEVICES, 2011-2013
  • OPTOELECTRONICS
    • DISPLAYS
      • Patent Activity
      • 2005 to 2007
      • TABLE 73 U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN DISPLAY TECHNOLOGIES, 2005-2007
      • 2008 to 2010
      • TABLE 74 U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN DISPLAY TECHNOLOGIES, 2008-2010
      • 2011 to 2013
      • TABLE 75 LATEST U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN DISPLAY TECHNOLOGIES, 2011-2013
      • Commercial Developments
      • 3DIcon Corporation
      • Boeing Company
      • Eastman Kodak Company
      • Imaging Systems Technology
      • Massachusetts Institute of Technology
      • Microvision, Inc.
      • Nanoco Technologies Ltd
      • Prysm, Inc.
      • QD Vision, Inc.
      • TABLE 76 BENEFITS OF QD-LEDS OVER OTHER DISPLAY TECHNOLOGIES
      • TABLE 77 LATEST DEVELOPMENTS IN QD VISION'S DISPLAY AND SOLID-STATE LIGHTING TECHNOLOGIES
      • QLight Nanotech
      • Quantum Materials Corporation
      • Samsung Electronics
      • Solexant Corporation
      • Superimaging, Inc.
    • FLEXIBLE DISPLAY INDUSTRY
    • TABLE 78 PROFILE OF SOME EMERGING FLEXIBLE DISPLAY MARKET PLAYERS
      • Leading Commercial Proponents
        • E Ink Corporation
        • Nanobrick Co. Ltd.
        • Universal Display Corporation
      • Complementary Fabrication Technology
        • Ink-jet Printing
        • Mist Deposition
    • LASERS
      • Patent Activity
        • 2005 to 2007
        • TABLE 79 U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN LASERS AND LASER DIODES AND RELATED DEVICES AMONG U.S. ORGANIZATIONS, 2005-2007
        • TABLE 80 U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN LASER DIODES AND RELATED DEVICES AMONG FOREIGN ORGANIZATIONS, 2005-2007
        • 2008 to 2010
        • TABLE 81 ORGANIZATIONS LEADING U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN LASER DIODES AND RELATED DEVICES, 2008-2010
        • 2011 to 2013
        • TABLE 82 ORGANIZATIONS LEADING U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN LASER DIODES AND RELATED DEVICES, 2011-2013
      • Commercial Developers
        • Finisar Corporation
        • Innolume GmbH
        • TABLE 83 ADVANTAGES OF QD DIODE LASERS
        • Osram Opto Semiconductors GmbH
        • QD Laser, Inc.
    • LEDS AND LIGHTING
    • TABLE 84 ROADMAP RECOMMENDATIONS FOR SSL-LED TECHNOLOGY/LAMP TARGETS
    • TABLE 85 IMPORTANT PLAYERS IN GROWING WLED SSL INDUSTRY
      • LEDS and Lighting Patent Analysis
        • 2005 to 2007
        • TABLE 86 U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN LEDS AND RELATED DEVICES AMONG U.S. ORGANIZATIONS, 2005-2007
        • TABLE 87 U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN LEDS AND RELATED DEVICES AMONG FOREIGN ORGANIZATIONS, 2005-2007
        • 2008 to 2010
        • TABLE 88 ORGANIZATIONS LEADING U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN LEDS AND LIGHTING APPLICATIONS, 2008-2010
        • 2011 to 2013
        • TABLE 89 ORGANIZATIONS LEADING U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN LEDS AND LIGHTING APPLICATIONS, 2011-2013
      • Commercial Developers
        • Avago Technologies Limited
        • Cooledge Lighting Inc.
        • Cree Inc.
        • Evident Technologies, Inc.
        • Global OLED Technology, LLC
        • Goldeneye, Inc.
        • Group IV Semiconductor Inc.
        • Kopin Corporation
        • LEDnovation Inc.
        • Lighting Science Group
        • Los Alamos National Laboratory
        • Nanoco Technologies Ltd
        • NNCrystal/Najing Technology Corporation
        • Pacific Light Technologies
        • Quantum Materials Corporation
        • 3M Company
        • Osram Opto Semiconductors GmbH
        • Philips Lumileds Lighting Company
        • Sandia National Laboratories
        • TABLE 90 PROPERTY COMPARISON OF COLLOIDAL QDS AND CONVENTIONAL LED PHOSPHORS
        • TABLE 91 COLLOIDAL QD-BASED SOLID-STATE WHITE LIGHTING: ENABLING FEATURES AND FUTURE TECHNICAL CHALLENGES
        • Soraa, Inc.
        • YLX Corporation
  • OPTICAL COMPONENTS
    • BACKGROUND
    • PATENT ACTIVITY
      • 1999 to 2004
      • TABLE 92 U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN OPTICAL COMPONENTS AND RELATED DEVICES, 1999-2004
      • 2005 to 2008 244
      • TABLE 93 RECENT U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN OPTICAL COMPONENTS, 2005-2008
        • Trackdale Ltd. (U.K.)
        • University of Toronto (Canada)
        • Virginia Polytechnic Institute and Lambda Instruments, Inc. (Blacksburg, Va.)
          • Lambda Instruments, Inc.
      • 2008 to 2010
      • TABLE 94 LEADING ORGANIZATIONS WITH U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN OPTICAL COMPONENTS, 2008-2010
      • 2011 to 2013
      • TABLE 95 LEADING ORGANIZATIONS WITH U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN OPTICAL COMPONENTS, 2011-2013
      • TABLE 96 LATEST DEVELOPMENTS BY ACADEMIC, GOVERNMENT AND COMPANIES IN QD OPTICAL APPLICATIONS, 2011-2013
  • SECURITY
    • RATIONALE FOR QDS AS AN ENABLING TECHNOLOGY
      • QDs versus Organic Fluorescent Dyes
      • Market Drivers
      • Counterfeiting
    • ORGANIZATIONS EXPLOITING QD-BASED SECURITY TECHNOLOGY
      • TABLE 97 KEY ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED IN SECURITY APPLICATIONS OF QDS OR COMPETITIVE MARKING MATERIALS
    • MORE RECENT SECURITY APPLICATIONS DEVELOPMENTS
    • TABLE 98 QD SECURITY APPLICATIONS PATENTS, 2005-2008
    • TABLE 99 QD SECURITY APPLICATIONS PATENTS, 2008-2010
      • BioCrystal Ltd.
      • Center for Forensic Studies
      • Digimarc Corporation
      • Evident Technologies
      • Honeywell International Inc.
      • Massachusetts Institute of Technology
      • Nanosolutions GmbH
      • National Research Council of Canada
      • NCR Corporation
      • New Light Industries, Ltd.
      • Oxonica Inc./Nanoplex Technologies, Inc.
      • Life Technologies Corporation
      • Spectra Systems Corporation
      • Veritec, Inc.
    • BUSINESS PROGNOSIS OF THE SECURITY MARKET
    • TABLE 100 RECENT INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCES FOCUSING ON NEW SECURITY DEVELOPMENTS
      • Market Size
        • Digital Security Printing
        • DVDs
        • Counterfeit Drugs
  • SUSTAINABLE ENERGY
    • CHEMICAL REACTION ENERGY CONVERSION 268
    • SOLAR ENERGY 269
      • Organic Dye-Based Solar Cells 270
      • TABLE 101 ADVANTAGES OF FLEXIBLE POLYMER-BASED OVER CONVENTIONAL RIGID SOLAR CELL DESIGNS 270
      • Organic QD-Based Solar Cells 272
      • TABLE 102 SOME ADVANTAGES OF COLLOIDAL QDS OVER ORGANIC DYES USED IN PHOTOVOLTAIC SOLAR CELLS 272
      • Development of QD-Based Solar Cells
        • Development Prior to 2005
        • TABLE 103 EARLY PLAYERS INVOLVED IN PATENTING AND DEVELOPMENT OF QD-ENHANCED SOLAR CELLS
          • Agfa-Gevaert (Belgium)
          • Harvard University
          • Los Alamos National Laboratory
          • Lund University (Sweden)
          • Nanosys Inc. (Palo Alto, Calif.)
          • National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)
          • University of California (Santa Barbara, Calif.)
          • University of Idaho
          • University of Rochester
          • Developments 2005 to 2008
          • TABLE 104 MORE RECENT DEVELOPMENTS BY MAJOR PLAYERS INVOLVED IN QD SOLAR CELLS AND COMPETITIVE TECHNOLOGIES, 2005-2008
        • Developments 2008 to 2010
        • TABLE 105 LATEST DEVELOPMENTS BY ACADEMIC AND GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATIONS IN QD SOLAR CELLS, 2008-2010
        • TABLE 106 U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY BY MAJOR COMMERCIAL PLAYERS INVOLVED IN QD-BASED SOLAR CELL APPLICATION, 2008-2010
        • Developments 2011 to 2013
        • TABLE 107 LATEST DEVELOPMENTS BY ACADEMIC AND GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATIONS IN QD SOLAR CELLS, 2011-2013
        • TABLE 108 U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY BY MAJOR COMMERCIAL PLAYERS INVOLVED IN QD-BASED SOLAR CELL APPLICATIONS, 2011-2013
    • THERMOELECTRIC ENERGY CONVERSION
    • TABLE 109 DEVELOPMENTS IN QD ENHANCEMENTS USED IN THERMOELECTRIC ENERGY (TE) CONVERSION, 2005-2008
    • TABLE 110 LATEST DEVELOPMENTS IN QD ENHANCEMENTS USED IN THERMOELECTRIC ENERGY (TE) CONVERSION, 2008-2013

CHAPTER7 MARKET ANALYSIS

  • QD COMMERCIAL PRODUCERS
    • LEADING COLLOIDAL QD PRODUCERS
      • U.S. Producers
      • TABLE 111 LEADING U.S. COLLOIDAL QD PRODUCERS, CURRENT PRODUCT PORTFOLIOS AND COMMERCIAL MARKET APPLICATIONS
      • Production Scale-up and Unit Pricing
      • Foreign Producers
      • TABLE 112 FOREIGN COLLOIDAL QD PRODUCERS: CURRENT PRODUCT PORTFOLIO AND COMMERCIAL MARKET APPLICATIONS
    • COMPARISON WITH SOLID-STATE SYNTHESIZED QDS
    • TABLE 113 LEADING PROPONENTS OF COMMERCIAL SOLID-STATE QD-BASED PRODUCT APPLICATION PLATFORMS
    • MAJOR PRODUCTION CHALLENGES
    • TABLE 114 MAJOR CHALLENGES FACING COMMERCIAL QD PRODUCERS
    • TABLE 115 ANTICIPATED COMMERCIAL MARKET SECTORS FOR QUANTUM DOTS AND PRODUCT OFFERINGS, 2013-2018
  • MARKET PROSPECTS FOR QDS IN BIOLOGY AND BIOMEDICINE
    • POTENTIAL MARKET SIZE
    • EVOLUTION OF NC MATERIALS IN BIOLOGICAL DETECTION
    • MORE RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
    • COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENTS FOR QDS IN BIOLOGY AND BIOMEDICINE
      • Crystalplex Nanotech
      • Cytodiagnostics, Inc.
      • Cytoptics Corporation
      • Fio Corporation
      • Lab21 Ltd/Selah Technologies, LLC
      • Life Technologies Corporation
    • EMERGING MARKETS FOR SMALL NANOCRYSTALLINE MATERIALS
      • Stand-alone Bioconjugate-QD Materials Market
      • TABLE 116 PREDICTED REVENUE GROWTH FOR BIOCONJUGATE QDS AND DIAGNOSTIC SENSORS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
  • MARKET PROSPECTS FOR QDS IN MEMORY APPLICATIONS
  • TABLE 117 QD AND OTHER FUTURE NANOMATERIALS-BASED MEMORY ARCHITECTURES
    • FLASH, THE MEMORY OF CHOICE
      • Freescale Semiconductor Inc. (Austin, Texas)
    • OTHER NEAR-TERM COMPETITIVE TECHNOLOGIES
    • PROJECTED GROWTH IN QD-BASED MEMORY MARKET
    • TABLE 118 PROJECTED MARKET REVENUES GENERATED BY FREESCALE'S QD-BASED MEMORY PRODUCTS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
      • Hewlett-Packard
      • IBM 313
      • Micron Technology Inc.
      • Nanosys Inc.
      • Technical University of Berlin
      • University of California
      • University of Cambridge (U.K.)
      • Other Foreign Competition
  • MARKET PROSPECTS FOR QDS IN RIGID AND FLEXIBLE LED WHITE LIGHTING AND DISPLAYS
    • RIGID LED WHITE LIGHTING
    • TABLE 119 MAJOR ISSUES CONFRONTING THE IMPENDING USE OF QDS IN SSL WLED TECHNOLOGY
      • North American Interests
      • Foreign Interests
    • FLEXIBLE LED LIGHTING
    • MARKET PREDICTION IN LED LIGHTING
      • Rigid LED Lighting
      • Flexible LED Lighting
      • TABLE 120 PROJECTED RIGID AND FLEXIBLE QD-LED LIGHTING REVENUES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
    • RIGID AND FLEXIBLE DISPLAYS
    • TABLE 121 MAJOR PERFORMANCE ISSUES CONFRONTING OLED DISPLAY TECHNOLOGY AND POTENTIAL ENHANCEMENTS PROVIDED BY QDS
    • MARKET PREDICTION
      • Rigid LED Backlit LCD Displays
      • Flexible OLED Displays
      • Other Displays
      • TABLE 122 PROJECTED RIGID AND FLEXIBLE DISPLAY REVENUES GENERATED BY QD-BASED PRODUCTS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
  • MARKET PROSPECTS FOR QDS IN OPTICAL COMMUNICATION AND OTHER OPTICAL COMPONENTS
    • DOPED FIBER OPTICS
    • LASERS
      • Finisar Corporation
      • Innolume GmbH
      • Osram Opto Semiconductors GmbH
      • QD Laser, Inc.
      • QD Vision, Inc.
      • OTHER OPTICAL COMPONENTS
      • Evident Technologies, Inc.
      • InVisage Technologies, Inc.
      • Siemens AG
      • Trackdale Ltd.
    • QUANTUM CRYPTOGRAPHY
    • PROJECTED GROWTH FOR QDS IN OPTICAL PRODUCTS
      • Optical Telecommunications
      • Quantum Cryptography
      • Portable Laser Projectors
      • Cell Phone/Digital Camera Sensors
      • TABLE 123 PROJECTED REVENUES FOR QD-BASED OPTICAL TELECOMMUNICATION AND PORTABLE COMMUNICATION DEVICES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
  • MARKET PROSPECTS FOR QDS IN SECURITY APPLICATIONS
  • TABLE 124 CLASSIFICATION OF COVERT QD SECURITY APPLICATIONS BY MARKET SECTOR
    • INITIAL COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENTS
      • Life Technologies Corporation
      • Voxtel Inc.
      • Xerox Corporation
    • PROJECTED GROWTH IN THE QD-BASED SECURITY MARKET
    • TABLE 125 PROJECTED MARKET REVENUES GENERATED BY QD-BASED SECURITY PRODUCTS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
  • MARKET PROSPECTS FOR QDS IN SOLAR CELL TECHNOLOGY
    • INITIAL COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENTS
    • RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT: ADDRESSING MAJOR ISSUES
    • TABLE 126 MAJOR ISSUES CONFRONTING THE IMPENDING USE OF COLLOIDAL QDS IN SOLAR CELL TECHNOLOGY
    • IMPENDING COMMERCIAL QD-BASED SOLAR PRODUCTS
      • Cyrium Technologies, Inc.
      • DuPont Innovalight
      • JDS Uniphase Corporation
      • Nanoco Technologies Ltd
      • Natcore Technology, Inc.
      • QD Soleil, Inc.
      • Quantum PV
      • Shrink Nanotechnologies, Inc.
      • Spire Corporation
      • Solexant Corporation
      • Solterra Renewable Technologies
    • COMPLEMENTARY DEVELOPMENTS IMPACTING QD-SOLAR CELLS
    • TABLE 127 COMPLEMENTARY COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENTS IN QD-ENHANCED SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAICS, 2008-2013
    • TABLE 128 SUMMARY OF LATEST DEVELOPMENTS BY ACADEMIC AND GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATIONS IN QD SOLAR CELLS, 2011-2013
      • First-Generation-Bulk Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells
      • Second-Generation-Inorganic Thin-film Silicon Solar Cells
      • Third-Generation Solar Cells
    • PROJECTED GROWTH IN QD-BASED SOLAR MARKET
    • TABLE 129 PROJECTED MARKET REVENUES GENERATED BY QD-ENHANCED SOLAR CELL PRODUCTS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
  • MARKET PROSPECTS FOR QDS IN OTHER ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES
    • HYDROGEN PRODUCTION
    • THERMOELECTRIC ENERGY CONVERSION
  • MARKET PROSPECTS FOR QDS IN OTHER PROMISING SECTORS
    • FLEXIBLE ELECTRONICS

CHAPTER8 APPENDIX

  • ACRONYMS, ABBREVIATIONS AND UNITS

LIST OF TABLES

  • SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET REVENUES FOR QUANTUM DOTS BY MARKET SECTOR, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 1 CHRONOLOGICAL EVOLUTION OF QDS: FROM RESEARCH CURIOSITY THROUGH TO COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT
  • TABLE 2 COMPARISON OF EMISSION WAVELENGTH OF SC AND METAL NC QUANTUM DOTS AS A FUNCTION OF THEIR SIZE
  • TABLE 3 OTHER PROPERTIES OF COLLOIDAL QUANTUM DOTS
  • TABLE 4 HIERARCHY AND VARIOUS TYPES OF QDS: BASIC STRUCTURES
  • TABLE 5 HIERARCHY AND VARIOUS TYPES OF QDS: COMPOSITE STRUCTURES
  • TABLE 6 QD MATERIAL TYPES AND THEIR COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS
  • TABLE 7 KEY QUANTUM DOT TECHNOLOGIES AND APPLICATIONS
  • TABLE 8 QUANTUM DOT PRODUCTION METHODS: VAPOR PHASE
  • TABLE 9 QUANTUM DOT PRODUCTION METHODS: LIQUID PHASE
  • TABLE 10 QUANTUM DOT PRODUCTION METHODS: SOLID PHASE
  • TABLE 11 VARIOUS METHODS USED FOR SI-NC SYNTHESIS
  • TABLE 12 VARIOUS SYNTHETIC METHODS AND PHOTOPHYSICAL BEHAVIOR OF METAL-NCS
  • TABLE 13 QUANTUM DOT STRUCTURE ASSEMBLY METHODS
  • TABLE 14 MAIN APPLICATION SECTORS AND INDUSTRIAL END-USES IDENTIFIED FOR QUANTUM DOT TECHNOLOGY
  • TABLE 15 GLOBAL MARKET REVENUE GENERATED BY QUANTUM DOTS ACCORDING TO MAJOR MARKET SECTORS, 2013 AND 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 16 INDUSTRIAL SECTORS AND EXEMPLARY APPLICATIONS EMERGING FROM ISSUED U.S. QD-PATENTS, 2011 TO OCTOBER 1, 2013
  • TABLE 17 LEADING U.S. SMALL BUSINESSES GRANTED MUTIPLE PATENTS FOR QD-RELATED TECHNOLOGY, 2011-OCTOBER 8, 2013
  • TABLE 18 OTHER U.S. SMALL BUSINESSES GRANTED MULTIPLE PATENTS FOR QD-RELATED TECHNOLOGY, 2011-OCTOBER 8, 2013
  • TABLE 19 LEADING U.S. LARGE BUSINESSES GRANTED MUTIPLE PATENTS IN QD-RELATED TECHNOLOGY, 2010-OCTOBER 8, 2013
  • TABLE 20 U.S. ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS GRANTED MULTIPLE PATENTS IN QD-RELATED TECHNOLOGY, 2011-OCTOBER 15, 2013 (NUMBER)
  • TABLE 21 U.S. GOVERNMENT AND OTHER INSTITUTIONS GRANTED MULTIPLE PATENTS IN QD-RELATED TECHNOLOGY, 2011-OCTOBER 15, 2013
  • TABLE 22 LEADING KOREAN ORGANIZATIONS GRANTED PATENTS IN QD-RELATED TECHNOLOGY, 2011-OCTOBER 15, 2013
  • TABLE 23 LEADING JAPANESE ORGANIZATIONS GRANTED MULTIPLE PATENTS IN QD-RELATED TECHNOLOGY, 2011-OCTOBER 15, 2013
  • TABLE 24 LEADING ORGANIZATIONS IN OTHER ASIAN COUNTRIES GRANTED PATENTS IN QD-RELATED TECHNOLOGY, 2011-OCTOBER 15, 2013
  • TABLE 25 LEADING EUROPEAN ORGANIZATIONS U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY IN QD-RELATED TECHNOLOGY, 2011-OCTOBER 15, 2013
  • TABLE 26 LEADING ORGANIZATIONS IN ROW COUNTRIES WITH PATENT ACTIVITY IN QD-RELATED TECHNOLOGY, 2011-OCTOBER 15, 2013
  • TABLE 27 MAJOR U.S. GOVERNMENT AGENCIES FUNDING QD-BASED RESEARCH
  • TABLE 28 COMMERCIAL PRODUCERS OF COLLOIDAL QUANTUM DOTS (CQDS)
  • TABLE 29 RESEARCH GRADE PRODUCERS OF COLLOIDAL QUANTUM DOTS
  • TABLE 30 EVIDENT TECHNOLOGY QUANTUM DOT GRADES
  • TABLE 31 RECENT BUSINESS DEVELOPMENTS AT EVIDENT TECHNOLOGIES
  • TABLE 32 NANOSYS' QD FOCUSED BUSINESS DEVELOPMENTS: 2009 TO 2013
  • TABLE 33 NANOSYS' EARLIER NANOMATERIALS-BASED BUSINESS DEVELOPMENTS, 2005 TO 2008
  • TABLE 34 U.S. LARGE CORPORATIONS INTERESTED IN SOLID-STATE SYNTHESIS OF QDS BASED ON PATENT ANALYSIS (2008-2010*)
  • TABLE 35 U.S. PROPONENTS OF COMMERCIAL QD-BASED PRODUCT APPLICATION PLATFORMS
  • TABLE 36 LEADING ASIAN COMPANIES CURRENTLY DEVELOPING SOLID-STATE-BASED QD-BASED DEVICES
  • TABLE 37 EUROPEAN AND OTHER FOREIGN ORGANIZATIONS CURRENTLY INVOLVED IN COMMERCIALLY DEVELOPING SOLID-STATE QD -BASED DEVICES
  • TABLE 38 PROCESS SYNTHESIS AND DEVICE FABRICATION PARADIGMS FOR COLLOIDAL-QDS
  • TABLE 39 RECENT DEVICE FABRICATION DEVELOPMENTS FOR COLLOIDAL-QDS
  • TABLE 40 MAJOR ISSUES AND CHALLENGES FACING THE COLLOID QD INDUSTRY
  • TABLE 41 RECENT R&D STUDIES IN THE NANOTOXICOLOGY OF QD SYSTEMS
  • TABLE 42 RECENT R&D IN NON-TOXIC QD SYSTEMS
  • TABLE 43 RECENT DEVELOPMENT IN NANOMATERIALS SAFETY AND IMPENDING REGULATION
  • TABLE 44 COMMERCIALLY PROMISING SECTORS WITH FIRST-GENERATION OR PROTOTYPE QD-BASED PRODUCTS
  • TABLE 45 ADVANTAGES OF QUANTUM DOTS AS BIOLOGICAL LABELS
  • TABLE 46 U.S. PATENTS ISSUED AND FILED ON QD BIOLABEL SYNTHESIS, 2001-2003
  • TABLE 47 U.S. PATENTS ISSUED AND FILED ON QD BIOTECHNOLOGY-MOLECULAR SPECIES DIAGNOSIS/DETECTION, 2001-2003
  • TABLE 48 U.S. PATENTS ISSUED ON QD BIOTECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS ON ANALYTICAL/INSTRUMENT METHODS, 2001-2003
  • TABLE 49 U.S. PATENTS ISSUED ON QD-BIOTECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS ON SENSOR AND MICRO-ARRAY APPLICATIONS, 2001-2003
  • TABLE 50 COMPANIES LEADING QD-BIOTECHNOLOGY/MEDICAL APPLICATIONS BASED ON U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY, 2005-2008
  • TABLE 51 COMPANIES LEADING QD-BIOTECHNOLOGY/MEDICAL APPLICATIONS BASED ON U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY, 2008-OCTOBER 28, 2010
  • TABLE 52 U.S. SMALL BUSINESSES GRANTED MULTIPLE PATENTS FOR QD-RELATED BIO/MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY: 2011-OCTOBER 8, 2013
  • TABLE 53 U.S. LARGE BUSINESSES GRANTED MULTIPLE PATENTS IN QD-RELATED BIO/MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY, 2011-OCTOBER 8, 2013
  • TABLE 54 FOREIGN ORGANIZATIONS LEADING U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY IN QD-RELATED BIO/MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY, 2011-OCTOBER 15, 2013
  • TABLE 55 THE MOST ACTIVE UNIVERSITIES INVOLVED IN QD-BIOTECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS ACCORDING TO U.S. PATENTS ISSUED: 2005-2007
  • TABLE 56 LEADING UNIVERSITIES AND HOSPITALS INVOLVED IN QD-BIO/MEDICAL APPLICATIONS ACCORDING TO U.S. PATENTS: 2008-OCTOBER 28, 2010
  • TABLE 57 QD MEDICAL APPLICATIONS DERIVED FROM U.S. PATENTS: 2000-2004
  • TABLE 58 QD MEDICAL APPLICATIONS DERIVED FROM U.S. PATENTS: 2005-2007
  • TABLE 59 NOVEL QD-BASED DEVICES AND APPLICATIONS IN ELECTRONICS
  • TABLE 60 U.S. PATENT-BASED DEVELOPMENTS IN QD INTEGRATION USING CONVENTIONAL MICROELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY, 1999-2004
  • TABLE 61 U.S. PATENT-BASED DEVELOPMENTS IN QD INTEGRATION USING CONVENTIONAL MICROELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY, 2005-2007
  • TABLE 62 U.S. PATENT-BASED DEVELOPMENTS IN QD INTEGRATION INTO UNCONVENTIONAL NANOELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY, 1999-2003
  • TABLE 63 U.S. PATENT-BASED DEVELOPMENTS IN QD INTEGRATION USING UNCONVENTIONAL MICROELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY, 2005-2007
  • TABLE 64 U.S. PATENT-BASED DEVELOPMENTS IN UNCONVENTIONAL QD-BASED MICROELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY, 2008-2010
  • TABLE 65 U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN QUANTUM COMPUTERS AND QUANTUM CRYPTOGRAPHY, 1999-2004
  • TABLE 66 U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN QUANTUM COMPUTERS AND QUANTUM CRYPTOGRAPHY, 2005-2007
  • TABLE 67 U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN QUANTUM COMPUTERS AND QUANTUM CRYPTOGRAPHY, 2008-2010
  • TABLE 68 U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN QUANTUM COMPUTERS AND QUANTUM CRYPTOGRAPHY, 2011-2013
  • TABLE 69 U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN MEMORY DEVICES, 1999-2004
  • TABLE 70 U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN MEMORY DEVICES, 2005-2007
  • TABLE 71 U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN MEMORY DEVICES, 2008-2010
  • TABLE 72 U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN MEMORY DEVICES, 2011-2013
  • TABLE 73 U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN DISPLAY TECHNOLOGIES, 2005-2007
  • TABLE 74 U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN DISPLAY TECHNOLOGIES, 2008-2010
  • TABLE 75 LATEST U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN DISPLAY TECHNOLOGIES, 2011-2013
  • TABLE 76 BENEFITS OF QD-LEDS OVER OTHER DISPLAY TECHNOLOGIES
  • TABLE 77 LATEST DEVELOPMENTS IN QD VISION'S DISPLAY AND SOLID-STATE LIGHTING TECHNOLOGIES
  • TABLE 78 PROFILE OF SOME EMERGING FLEXIBLE DISPLAY MARKET PLAYERS
  • TABLE 79 U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN LASERS AND LASER DIODES AND RELATED DEVICES AMONG U.S. ORGANIZATIONS, 2005-2007
  • TABLE 80 U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN LASER DIODES AND RELATED DEVICES AMONG FOREIGN ORGANIZATIONS, 2005-2007
  • TABLE 81 ORGANIZATIONS LEADING U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN LASER DIODES AND RELATED DEVICES, 2008-2010
  • TABLE 82 ORGANIZATIONS LEADING U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN LASER DIODES AND RELATED DEVICES, 2011-2013
  • TABLE 83 ADVANTAGES OF QD DIODE LASERS
  • TABLE 84 ROADMAP RECOMMENDATIONS FOR SSL-LED TECHNOLOGY/LAMP TARGETS
  • TABLE 85 IMPORTANT PLAYERS IN GROWING WLED SSL INDUSTRY
  • TABLE 86 U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN LEDS AND RELATED DEVICES AMONG U.S. ORGANIZATIONS, 2005-2007
  • TABLE 87 U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN LEDS AND RELATED DEVICES AMONG FOREIGN ORGANIZATIONS, 2005-2007
  • TABLE 88 ORGANIZATIONS LEADING U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN LEDS AND LIGHTING APPLICATIONS, 2008-2010
  • TABLE 89 ORGANIZATIONS LEADING U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN LEDS AND LIGHTING APPLICATIONS, 2011-2013
  • TABLE 90 PROPERTY COMPARISON OF COLLOIDAL QDS AND CONVENTIONAL LED PHOSPHORS
  • TABLE 91 COLLOIDAL QD-BASED SOLID-STATE WHITE LIGHTING: ENABLING FEATURES AND FUTURE TECHNICAL CHALLENGES
  • TABLE 92 U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN OPTICAL COMPONENTS AND RELATED DEVICES, 1999-2004
  • TABLE 93 RECENT U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN OPTICAL COMPONENTS, 2005-2008
  • TABLE 94 LEADING ORGANIZATIONS WITH U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN OPTICAL COMPONENTS, 2008-2010
  • TABLE 95 LEADING ORGANIZATIONS WITH U.S. PATENT-BASED QD DEVELOPMENTS IN OPTICAL COMPONENTS, 2011-2013
  • TABLE 96 LATEST DEVELOPMENTS BY ACADEMIC, GOVERNMENT AND COMPANIES IN QD OPTICAL APPLICATIONS, 2011-2013
  • TABLE 97 KEY ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED IN SECURITY APPLICATIONS OF QDS OR COMPETITIVE MARKING MATERIALS
  • TABLE 98 QD SECURITY APPLICATIONS PATENTS, 2005-2008
  • TABLE 99 QD SECURITY APPLICATIONS PATENTS, 2008-2010
  • TABLE 100 RECENT INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCES FOCUSING ON NEW SECURITY DEVELOPMENTS
  • TABLE 101 ADVANTAGES OF FLEXIBLE POLYMER-BASED OVER CONVENTIONAL RIGID SOLAR CELL DESIGNS
  • TABLE 102 SOME ADVANTAGES OF COLLOIDAL QDS OVER ORGANIC DYES USED IN PHOTOVOLTAIC SOLAR CELLS
  • TABLE 103 EARLY PLAYERS INVOLVED IN PATENTING AND DEVELOPMENT OF QD-ENHANCED SOLAR CELLS
  • TABLE 104 MORE RECENT DEVELOPMENTS BY MAJOR PLAYERS INVOLVED IN QD SOLAR CELLS AND COMPETITIVE TECHNOLOGIES, 2005-2008
  • TABLE 105 LATEST DEVELOPMENTS BY ACADEMIC AND GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATIONS IN QD SOLAR CELLS, 2008-2010
  • TABLE 106 U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY BY MAJOR COMMERCIAL PLAYERS INVOLVED IN QD-BASED SOLAR CELL APPLICATION, 2008-2010
  • TABLE 107 LATEST DEVELOPMENTS BY ACADEMIC AND GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATIONS IN QD SOLAR CELLS, 2011-2013
  • TABLE 108 U.S. PATENT ACTIVITY BY MAJOR COMMERCIAL PLAYERS INVOLVED IN QD-BASED SOLAR CELL APPLICATIONS, 2011-2013
  • TABLE 109 DEVELOPMENTS IN QD ENHANCEMENTS USED IN THERMOELECTRIC ENERGY (TE) CONVERSION, 2005-2008
  • TABLE 110 LATEST DEVELOPMENTS IN QD ENHANCEMENTS USED IN THERMOELECTRIC ENERGY (TE) CONVERSION, 2008-2013
  • TABLE 111 LEADING U.S. COLLOIDAL QD PRODUCERS, CURRENT PRODUCT PORTFOLIOS AND COMMERCIAL MARKET APPLICATIONS
  • TABLE 112 FOREIGN COLLOIDAL QD PRODUCERS: CURRENT PRODUCT PORTFOLIO AND COMMERCIAL MARKET APPLICATIONS
  • TABLE 113 LEADING PROPONENTS OF COMMERCIAL SOLID-STATE QD-BASED PRODUCT APPLICATION PLATFORMS
  • TABLE 114 MAJOR CHALLENGES FACING COMMERCIAL QD PRODUCERS
  • TABLE 115 ANTICIPATED COMMERCIAL MARKET SECTORS FOR QUANTUM DOTS AND PRODUCT OFFERINGS, 2013-2018
  • TABLE 116 PREDICTED REVENUE GROWTH FOR BIOCONJUGATE QDS AND DIAGNOSTIC SENSORS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 117 QD AND OTHER FUTURE NANOMATERIALS-BASED MEMORY ARCHITECTURES
  • TABLE 118 PROJECTED MARKET REVENUES GENERATED BY FREESCALE'S QD-BASED MEMORY PRODUCTS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 119 MAJOR ISSUES CONFRONTING THE IMPENDING USE OF QDS IN SSL WLED TECHNOLOGY
  • TABLE 120 PROJECTED RIGID AND FLEXIBLE QD-LED LIGHTING REVENUES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 121 MAJOR PERFORMANCE ISSUES CONFRONTING OLED DISPLAY TECHNOLOGY AND POTENTIAL ENHANCEMENTS PROVIDED BY QDS
  • TABLE 122 PROJECTED RIGID AND FLEXIBLE DISPLAY REVENUES GENERATED BY QD-BASED PRODUCTS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 123 PROJECTED REVENUES FOR QD-BASED OPTICAL TELECOMMUNICATION AND PORTABLE COMMUNICATION DEVICES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 124 CLASSIFICATION OF COVERT QD SECURITY APPLICATIONS BY MARKET SECTOR
  • TABLE 125 PROJECTED MARKET REVENUES GENERATED BY QD-BASED SECURITY PRODUCTS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 126 MAJOR ISSUES CONFRONTING THE IMPENDING USE OF COLLOIDAL QDS IN SOLAR CELL TECHNOLOGY
  • TABLE 127 COMPLEMENTARY COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENTS IN QD-ENHANCED SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAICS, 2008-2013
  • TABLE 128 SUMMARY OF LATEST DEVELOPMENTS BY ACADEMIC AND GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATIONS IN QD SOLAR CELLS, 2011-2013
  • TABLE 129 PROJECTED MARKET REVENUES GENERATED BY QD-ENHANCED SOLAR CELL PRODUCTS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)

LIST OF FIGURES

  • SUMMARY FIGURE TOTAL GLOBAL MARKET REVENUE FOR QD-BASED PRODUCTS, 2013-2018 ($ MILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 1 LUMINESCENCE SIZE REGIMES FOR DIFFERENT SEMICONDUCTOR AND METAL QUANTUM DOTS[1]
  • FIGURE 2 GLOBAL MARKET REVENUES GENERATED BY QUANTUM DOTS ACCORDING TO MAJOR MARKET SECTORS, 2013 AND 2018 ($ MILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 3 U.S. QD PATENTS ISSUED, 1986-DECEMBER 31, 2013 (CUMULATIVE TOTAL NUMBER: 6,498)
  • FIGURE 4 COMPARISON OF U.S. QD PATENTS ISSUED AND PENDING, 2001-2013 (CUMULATIVE TOTAL NUMBERS: 6,255 (ISSUED); 12,123 (PENDING))
  • FIGURE 5 PERCENTAGE BREAKDOWN FOR THE MAIN INDUSTRY/APPLICATION SECTORS EMERGING FROM QD-PATENTS, ISSUED 2011-OCTOBER 1, 2013 (%)
  • FIGURE 6 RELATIVE TRENDS IN INDUSTRIAL APPLICATION SECTORS FOR ISSUED U.S. QD-PATENTS, 1998-2013 (%)
  • FIGURE 7 U.S. VERSUS FOREIGN QD PATENTS ISSUED CLASSIFIED BY APPLICATION SECTOR, 2011-OCTOBER 8, 2013 (TOTAL NUMBERS: 2,018 (U.S.), 765 (FOREIGN))
  • FIGURE 8 U.S. QD PATENTS ISSUED ASSIGNED TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES, 2011-OCTOBER 8, 2013 (TOTAL NUMBERS: ASIA (385), EUROPE (278), ROW (102))
  • FIGURE 9 U.S. QD FILED PATENTS ASSIGNED TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES, 2011-OCTOBER 8, 2013 (CUMULATIVE TOTAL NUMBER: ASIA (439), EUROPE (371), ROW (134))
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