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市場調査レポート

医療用パッケージ向けプラスチック

Plastics for Healthcare Packaging

発行 BCC Research 商品コード 117627
出版日 ページ情報 英文 149 Pages
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医療用パッケージ向けプラスチック Plastics for Healthcare Packaging
出版日: 2013年07月25日 ページ情報: 英文 149 Pages
概要

当レポートでは、医療用パッケージ向けプラスチックの主なエンドユーザーと応用動向について、これまでの実績と予測、製品情報、技術開発動向と課題、参入企業のプロファイルなどをまとめ、概略下記の構成でお届けいたします。

第1章 イントロダクション

第2章 エグゼクティブサマリー

第3章 医療業界概要

  • 背景
  • 消費者の特徴と需要影響因子
  • マーケティング
  • 海外との競合
  • 委託パッケージング
  • 業界および製品動向
  • 医療費削減
  • マネージドケア
  • 償還 他

第4章 医療用パッケージング

  • 概要
  • 医薬品規制とレビュープロセス
  • 医療用パッケージング規準
  • パッケージング材料の競合 他

第5章 医療用パッケージング用プラスチックプロセス

  • 射出成形
  • 押出
  • ブロー成形
  • 熱成形

第6章 樹脂別医療用パッケージング市場

  • 概要
  • ポリプロピレン
  • ポリエチレン
  • PVC
  • ポリエチレンテレフサレート 他

第7章 用途別医療用パッケージング市場

  • 概要
  • 全体的市場予測
  • 医薬品パッケージング 他

第8章 安定化技術

  • 手法の概要
  • 滅菌パッケージング製造
  • エチレンオキサイドガス滅菌
  • 放射滅菌
  • ガンマ線滅菌
  • オゾン滅菌 他

第9章 医療用パッケージング市場に影響を及ぼす重要分野

  • 医療業界の保守的特性
  • パッケージング材の選定因子
  • 競合材料
  • 使い捨てとリサイクル
  • 技術
  • 安全性 他

第10章 その他医療用パッケージングビジネスに影響を及ぼす重要分野

第11章 環境問題

第12章 規制問題

  • 概要
  • 規制承認
  • 背景
  • 米国の活動
  • プラスチック検査手順
  • 世界的な規制問題

第13章 近年の企業の発展動向

第14章 企業プロファイル

このページに掲載されている内容は最新版と異なる場合があります。詳細はお問い合わせください。

目次
Product Code: PLS007E

Abstract

REPORT HIGHLIGHTS

This report provides:

  • An overview of the market for plastics in the packaging of healthcare products, segmented by pharmaceutical and medical packaging.
  • Analyses of market trends, with data from 2012, estimates for 2013, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2018.
  • Coverage of the most important economic, technological, regulatory, and environmental considerations in U.S. markets for the use of plastics to package healthcare products.
  • Examination of the industry structure.
  • Identification of the types of plastics used in healthcare packaging and the projected volumes for each.

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REPORT SCOPE

INTRODUCTION

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

The objective of this report is to discuss, analyze and forecast markets for usage of major plastics used in packaging healthcare products segmented by pharmaceutical and medical packaging.

  • Pharmaceutical products are defined as drugs in dosage forms purchased and consumed by individual patients, and are either prescribed by a licensed medical practitioner or are drugs that do not require a prescription and are purchased by individuals "over the counter" (OTC). These products are usually packaged in containers, blister packs, bags/pouches, etc.
  • Medical products are those used by medical practitioners in hospitals, clinics, home healthcare operations, etc. Examples are syringes, blood and intravenous solution bags, diagnostic kits, tubing, trays and other similar items.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY

The objective of this study is to provide a comprehensive reference for those interested and/or involved in the use of plastics for packaging healthcare products. This is a very large and varied group of firms in the pharmaceutical, medical and plastics industries.

Healthcare plastics find increased use each year in applications in healthcare packaging. In these changing times, with emphasis on healthcare cost control, plastics are increasing their penetration in packaging. This study covers these changes and provides analyses and forecasts for use of a wide array of plastics used in this market.

INTENDED AUDIENCE

This report is intended for those involved in plastics, packaging and healthcare products. These companies include those involved in development, formulation, manufacture, sale and use of plastics in healthcare packaging.

Since a significant market for the use of plastics is the prime focus of this study, it will be of interest and value to those involved in polymer and polymer processes, from manufacture of bulk resins to converting and other plastics fabrication processes. It should also be of major interest to those who use plastics in packaging healthcare products, both healthcare end-user companies and contract packagers, along with plastics producers.

Companies and personnel in ancillary businesses such as processing equipment, additives, and other support chemicals and equipment will find information useful to their operations. These include process and product development staff, process and product designers, purchasing agents, construction and operating personnel, market staff and top management. This report can be of great value to technical and business personnel in the following areas, among others.

  • Marketing and management personnel in companies that produce, market, and sell all types of plastics, that is, virgin, specially compounded and recycled.
  • Companies that are called converters, who convert relatively raw plastics to medical and pharmaceutical packaging.
  • Companies that supply or want to supply equipment and services to plastics processors.
  • Financial institutions that provide funding for such facilities, including banks, merchant bankers, venture capitalists and others.
  • Personnel in end-user companies and industries that purchase and use packaging plastics ranging from converters, compounders and molders to contract packaging companies and healthcare company end-users. Healthcare packagers are a key group of companies who could be interested, as well.
  • Personnel in government at many levels. This includes federal officials, primarily at the EPA and FDA, who are involved with protection of national standards regarding public health and safety.

SCOPE OF REPORT

This study covers many of the most important economic, technological, regulatory and environmental considerations in markets for the use of plastics to package healthcare products. This report is a global study of activities within the healthcare packaging market.

All market volume figures are rounded to the nearest million pounds. Growth rates are all compounded signified as compounded average annual growth rates or CAGRs. Growth rates are rounded to two significant figures such that 5.25% is recorded as 5.3%.

Some relatively minor resin materials and applications are grouped together in a miscellaneous category but are specifically noted.

There are also a wide variety of terms used almost interchangeably, which often makes it difficult to specifically segment several products used in healthcare packaging because, in many cases, they are multifunctional such as:

  • Trays vs. kits.
  • Pouches vs. bags.
  • Closures vs. caps.
  • Containers vs. bottles.
  • Closures vs. lidding.

A final point is that there are often times when there is a need to review some preliminary but important background details in the detailed pharmaceutical and medical sections for those readers who purchase certain sections of the report rather than the complete report.

METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES

Both primary and secondary research methodologies were used in preparing this study. Searches were made of the literature, including many of the leading trade publications, and well as technical compendia, government publications, and information from trade and other associations. Product and market information was obtained whenever possible from the principals involved. The information for the company profiles was obtained primarily from company literature. Other sources included directories and articles.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Research analyst Mel Schlechter has over 40 years in the chemical industry, and specializes in plastics market research. He has been with BCC Research for over 10 years and holds a B.S. in chemistry, M.S. in organic chemistry and an M.B.A. in marketing.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2

  • STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 2
  • REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY 2
  • INTENDED AUDIENCE 2
  • SCOPE OF REPORT 3
  • METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES 4
  • ABOUT THE AUTHOR 4
  • RELATED BCC REPORTS 4
  • BCC ONLINE SERVICES 4
  • DISCLAIMER 5

CHAPTER 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 7

  • SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN, IN TERMS OF VOLUME, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 7
  • SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN, IN TERMS OF VOLUME, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 7

CHAPTER 3 HEALTHCARE INDUSTRY OVERVIEW 11

  • BACKGROUND 11
  • CONSUMER CHARACTERISTICS AND FACTORS AFFECTING DEMAND 12
  • MARKETING 13
  • OVERVIEW 13
  • LARGE PURCHASING/MARKETING GROUPS CHANGING THE FACE OF MEDICAL DEVICE MARKETING 13
  • OFFSHORE COMPETITION 14
  • CONTRACT PACKAGING 14
  • INDUSTRY AND PRODUCT TRENDS 15
  • OVERVIEW 15
  • SPECIFIC TRENDS 15
    • TABLE 1 PREDICTED EFFECTS OF TRENDS ON PLASTICS USED IN HEALTHCARE PACKAGING 15
  • CHANGING DEMOGRAPHICS AND LIFESTYLES 16
  • HEALTHCARE COST CONTAINMENT 17
  • OVERVIEW 17
  • MANAGED CARE 17
  • COST REIMBURSEMENT 18
  • HOSPITALS 18
  • PHYSICIANS, SURGEONS, ETC. 19
  • DRUG COSTS 19
  • GENERIC DRUGS 19
  • Background 19
  • Sales of Generic Products 20
  • Generic Substitution 20
  • Positive Aspects 20
  • OVER-THE-COUNTER PRODUCTS (OTC) 21
  • HOME HEALTHCARE 21
  • SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL 22
  • CORPORATE CONSOLIDATION AND RESTRUCTURING 22

CHAPTER 4 HEALTHCARE PACKAGING 25

  • OVERVIEW 25
  • DRUG REGULATIONS AND REVIEW PROCESSES 25
  • HEALTHCARE PACKAGING STANDARDS 25
  • COMPLIANCE WITH STANDARDS 25
  • AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR TESTING MATERIALS (ASTM) 26
  • Overview 26
  • ASTM Medical Packaging Standards 26
    • TABLE 2 ASTM MEDICAL DEVICE PACKAGING STANDARDS 26
  • ISO STANDARDS 27
  • FACTORS TO CONSIDER WHEN CHOOSING TEST METHODS 27
  • HEALTHCARE COMPLIANCE COUNCIL (HCPC) 27
  • RECENT DEVELOPMENTS REGARDING STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS 28
  • ASTM Advances New Test Methods at International Meeting 28
  • Keeping Aware of Standards 28
  • Update on International Standards and Regulations at Recent HealthPack Conference in Europe 28
  • Healthcare Compliance Packaging Council (HCPC) Activities 28
  • PACKAGING PLASTICS APPROVAL PROCESS 29
  • IMPORTANT AREAS AFFECTING HEALTHCARE PACKAGING 29
  • COMPLIANCE PACKAGING 29
  • CHILD-RESISTANT PACKAGING 29
  • SENIOR-FRIENDLY HEALTHCARE PACKAGING 30
  • TAMPER-EVIDENT HEALTHCARE PACKAGING 30
  • FACTORS AFFECTING CHOICES OF HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MATERIALS 32
  • COMPETING PACKAGING MATERIALS 32
  • DISPOSABILITY AND RECYCLABILITY 32
  • CURRENT HEALTHCARE PACKAGING PROGNOSES 33
  • HIGH COSTS COULD SLOW DOWN HEALTHCARE PACKAGING GROWTH 33
  • INCREASING USE OF HOME HEALTHCARE 34
  • OTHER FACTORS AFFECTING HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET 34
  • PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING 34
  • OVERVIEW 34
  • PRESCRIPTION PHARMACEUTICALS 34
  • NONPRESCRIPTION (OTC) PRODUCTS 35
  • RX-TO-OTC SWITCH PRODUCTS 35
  • PACKAGING OTC PRODUCTS 36
  • HOSPITAL PRODUCTS/MEDICAL SUPPLIES 36
  • NEAR-TERM OUTLOOK FOR THE PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY 37
  • TYPES OF PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCT PACKAGING 37
  • Overview 37
  • Containers 38
  • Closures 39
  • Blister Packaging 39
  • Overview 39
  • Advantages 39
  • Obstacles 40
  • Blister Pack Materials 41
  • Other Important Issues 41
  • More Details on Resin Choices 41
  • Use of Clamshells 41
  • MEDICAL PRODUCT PACKAGING 42
  • OVERVIEW 42
  • TRENDS IN MEDICAL PRODUCT PACKAGING 43
  • Background 43
  • Home Healthcare 43
  • Blood and Intravenous Solution Collection/Delivery Systems 43
  • MEDICAL PACKAGING APPLICATIONS 43
  • Overview 43
  • Packaging Choices 44
  • Sterile Packaging is Not Simple 44
  • Sterile Barrier System Validations 44
  • Shelf Life of Sterile Packaging 45
  • ACCELERATED AGING PROTOCOLS 45
  • MATERIAL CHOICES 45
  • BLOW-FILL-SEAL PACKAGING (BFS) 45
  • PARENTERAL PACKAGING 46
  • DRUG DELIVERY CHALLENGES AND NEW PRODUCTS 46
  • Dry Powders for Pulmonary Uses 46
  • Pouches for Unit-Dose Delivery Systems 46
  • Tamper-Evident Syringes 46
  • Use of Olefin Polymers 46
  • Beveled-Needle Syringes 46
  • Reclosable Pouches 47
  • Safety Syringes 47
  • OTHER RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN MEDICAL PACKAGING 47
  • USE OF TRANSPARENT MEDICAL PLASTIC PACKAGING 47
  • OTHER ADVANCES 47

CHAPTER 5 HEALTHCARE PACKAGING PLASTIC PROCESSES 49

  • INJECTION MOLDING 49
  • BACKGROUND 49
  • DETAILS 49
  • EXTRUSION 49
  • BACKGROUND 49
  • SINGLE- AND TWIN-SCREW EXTRUSION 50
  • EXTRUSION AND MELT FILM FABRICATION 50
  • BLOWN FILMS 50
  • FILM CASTING 51
  • SOLVENT CASTING 51
  • BLOW MOLDING 51
  • OVERVIEW 51
  • EXTRUSION BLOW MOLDING 52
  • INJECTION BLOW MOLDING 52
  • STRETCH BLOW MOLDING 52
  • THERMOFORMING 53
  • OVERVIEW 53
  • APPLICATIONS 53

CHAPTER 6 HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN 55

  • OVERVIEW 55
    • TABLE 3 GLOBAL HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 55
  • POLYPROPYLENE 55
  • OVERVIEW 55
  • BACKGROUND 56
  • POLYPROPYLENE PROCESS TECHNOLOGIES 57
  • Ziegler-Natta 57
  • Novolen 57
  • Spherizone and Spheripol 57
  • Borealis Borecene Polypropylene Technology 58
  • Other 58
  • APPLICATIONS 58
  • PROPERTIES 59
  • UPGRADED POLYPROPYLENE 59
  • ADVANCES IN POLYPROPYLENE TECHNOLOGIES 60
  • HIGHLY CRYSTALLINE GRADES 60
  • REINFORCED POLYPROPYLENES 60
  • Overview 60
  • High-Impact Grades 61
  • Long Glass Fiber Polypropylene 61
  • RANDOM COPOLYMER POLYPROPYLENES 61
  • TECHNIQUES USED TO IMPART CLARITY 62
  • POLYPROPYLENE FILMS 62
  • Background 62
  • Film Types 62
  • Applications 63
  • Biaxially Oriented Polypropylene Films (BOPP) 63
  • Global Market Scenario 63
  • PRODUCERS 63
    • TABLE 4 KEY GLOBAL POLYPROPYLENE PRODUCERS AND ESTIMATED CAPACITIES (BILLION POUNDS/YEAR) 63
    • TABLE 5 SELECTED KEY TRADE NAMED POLYPROPYLENE OF PRODUCERS/SUPPLIERS 64
  • RECENT DEVELOPMENTS 64
  • ExxonMobil Sells BOPP Film Units 64
  • Sabic IP Increases Its Polypropylene Capacity 64
  • MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 65
    • TABLE 6 GLOBAL POLYPROPYLENE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 65
  • POLYETHYLENES 66
  • BACKGROUND 66
  • HIGH-DENSITY POLYETHYLENE (HDPE) 66
  • Overview 66
  • Background 66
  • Processing of HDPE 67
  • Producers 67
    • TABLE 7 LEADING GLOBAL HDPE PRODUCERS (BILLION POUNDS/YEAR) 67
  • Healthcare Packaging Aspects 68
  • Market Estimates and Forecasts 68
    • TABLE 8 GLOBAL HIGH-DENSITY POLYETHYLENE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 68
  • A Recent Development 69
  • LOW-DENSITY POLYETHYLENE (LDPE) 69
  • Overview 69
  • Properties 69
  • Markets and Applications 70
  • Producers 70
    • TABLE 9 GLOBAL LDPE PRODUCERS AND LOCATIONS 70
  • LINEAR LOW-DENSITY POLYETHYLENE (LLDPE) 71
  • Overview 71
  • Properties 71
  • Manufacturing Methods 71
    • TABLE 10 THE LLDPE GROUPS 72
  • Producers 72
  • Market Estimates and Forecasts 72
    • TABLE 11 GLOBAL LDPE/LLDPE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 72
  • TOTAL POLYETHYLENE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET 73
    • TABLE 12 TOTAL GLOBAL POLYETHYLENE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 73
  • A SPECIAL POLYETHYLENE: DU PONT'S TYVEK 74
  • POLYVINYL CHLORIDE (PVC) 75
  • OVERVIEW 75
  • FORMS OF PVC 75
  • A VERSATILE RESIN 75
  • PROCESSING 75
  • Background 75
  • Extrusion 76
  • Calendering 76
    • TABLE 13 RIGID PVC APPLICATIONS 76
  • PRODUCERS AND CAPACITIES 76
    • TABLE 14 LEADING GLOBAL PVC PRODUCERS (BILLION POUNDS PER YEAR) 77
  • PVC ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS 77
  • Overview 77
  • A Little History 78
  • RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN THE PVC REPLACEMENT SCENARIO 78
  • General Observations 78
  • Can TPEs Really Erode PVC's Position in Healthcare Packaging? 78
  • Replacing PVC in Medical Tubing is a Tough Assignment 78
  • European Suppliers Mounting Strong Program to Defend PVC Use in Hospitals 79
  • MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 79
    • TABLE 15 GLOBAL POLYVINYL CHLORIDE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 80
  • A CURRENT SUMMARY OF THE PVC REPLACEMENT ISSUE 81
  • Background 81
  • Potential PVC Replacement Resins 81
  • Background 81
  • Candidates 82
  • Ethylene Vinyl Acetate (EVA) 82
  • COPEs 82
  • Laminated Polyolefins 82
  • Polyolefin Blends 83
  • Functionalized Polyolefins 83
  • TPEs 83
  • POLYETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE (PET) 83
  • BACKGROUND 83
  • MAJOR APPLICATIONS 83
  • MODIFIED PET RESINS 83
  • GLYCOL-MODIFIED PET COPOLYESTER (PETG) 84
  • ENGINEERING-GRADE PET 84
  • REINFORCED PET 85
  • PRODUCERS AND CAPACITIES 85
    • TABLE 16 THE 10 LARGEST GLOBAL PET PRODUCERS (BILLION POUNDS/YEAR) 85
  • NEW PET PRODUCER DEVELOPMENTS 86
  • Indorama Bought Several Eastman Units 86
  • Japanese Firms Merge their Respective PET Businesses 86
  • DAK Americas Completed the Eastman Withdrawal from the PET Business 86
  • DAK Americas Also Purchased Wellman's PET Business 86
  • M&G Group is Planning a New PET Plant 86
  • RECENT NEWS IN PET HEALTHCARE PACKAGING 87
  • DuPont's Films 87
  • European Blister Packs 87
  • Two-Reactor PET 87
  • Asian PET for Blister Packaging 87
  • MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 87
    • TABLE 17 GLOBAL POLYESTER HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 88
  • POLYSTYRENE 89
  • BACKGROUND 89
  • GENERAL PURPOSE POLYSTYRENE 89
  • Background 89
  • Characteristics 89
  • HIGH-IMPACT POLYSTYRENE (HIPS) 89
  • Background 89
  • Properties 90
  • Applications 90
  • RECENT STYRENIC POLYMER PRODUCER CHANGES 90
  • Overview 90
  • Global Market Players and Industry Leaders 91
  • HEALTHCARE PACKAGING APPLICATIONS 92
  • STYRENE COPOLYMERS 92
  • Overview 92
  • Thermoplastic Styrene Block Copolymers 93
  • Background 93
  • Processing 93
    • TABLE 18 SBC MAJOR PRODUCTS SEGMENTED BY POLYMER PROCESS 93
  • Properties 94
  • Healthcare Packaging-Related Applications 94
  • Styrene-Acrylonitrile Copolymers (SAN) 94
  • Overview 94
  • Properties 95
  • SAN Transparent Applications 95
  • Producers 96
  • MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 96
    • TABLE 19 GLOBAL POLYSTYRENE AND COPOLYMERS HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 97
  • POLYAMIDES 97
  • BACKGROUND 97
  • PROPERTIES 97
  • APPLICATIONS 98
  • MAJOR TYPES OF POLYAMIDES 98
  • Polyamide 66 98
  • Polyamide 6 98
  • Other Polyamides 99
  • Overview 99
  • Polyamide 46 99
  • Polyamide 6/9 99
  • Polyamide 6/10 and Polyamide 6/12 99
  • Polyamide 11 99
  • Polyamide 12 99
  • EXAMPLES OF NYLON MEDICAL PACKAGING APPLICATIONS 100
  • Nylon Film Products 100
  • Sterilization Pouches 100
  • Amcor Introduces New Nylon Films for Medical Packaging 100
  • Polyamide Pouches and Tubing 100
  • PRODUCERS AND CAPACITIES 100
    • TABLE 20 KEY GLOBAL POLYAMIDE RESIN PRODUCERS 100
  • MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 101
    • TABLE 21 GLOBAL POLYAMIDE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 101
  • POLYCARBONATES 101
  • BACKGROUND 101
  • GENERAL GRADES 102
  • PROCESSING 102
  • PROPERTIES 102
  • PROPERTY ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES 102
  • ALLOYS/BLENDS 103
  • PRODUCERS AND CAPACITIES 103
    • TABLE 22 SELECTED MAJOR POLYCARBONATE PRODUCERS AND TRADE NAMED PRODUCTS 105
    • TABLE 23 SELECTED MAJOR POLYCARBONATE PRODUCERS ESTIMATED GLOBAL CAPACITIES (MILLION POUNDS/YEAR) 105
  • MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 105
    • TABLE 24 GLOBAL POLYCARBONATE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 106
  • ACRYLICS 106
  • OVERVIEW 106
  • PROPERTIES 106
  • MANUFACTURE OF ACRYLIC POLYMERS 107
  • Sheet 107
  • Applications 107
  • Properties 107
  • MAJOR ACRYLIC PRODUCERS 107
  • OTHER IMPORTANT ACRYLIC PRODUCING COMPANIES 108
  • Altuglas 108
  • Cyro Industries 108
  • Lucite International 108
  • Aristech Acrylic LLC 108
  • Plaskolite 108
  • Sabic IP and Mitsubishi Form Acrylic Joint Venture 109
  • MEDICAL PACKAGING PRODUCTS 109
  • AN INTERESTING PRODUCT 109
  • KEY TRADE NAMED POLYACRYLATES 109
  • MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 109
    • TABLE 25 GLOBAL ACRYLIC HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 110
  • THERMOPLASTIC ELASTOMERS (TPES) 110
  • OVERVIEW 110
  • ADVANTAGES 110
  • DISADVANTAGES 111
  • PROCESSING 111
  • APPLICATIONS 111
  • THERMOPLASTIC OLEFINS (TPOS) 111
  • Overview 111
  • General Applications 112
  • COPEs (Copolyesters) 112
  • Background 112
  • Properties and Medical Packaging Applications 112
  • Market Estimates and Forecasts 113
    • TABLE 26 GLOBAL COPE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 113
  • THERMOPLASTIC POLYURETHANES (TPU) 113
  • Background 113
  • Medical Packaging Applications 114
  • Market Estimates and Forecasts 114
    • TABLE 27 GLOBAL TPU HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 114
  • SILICONES 115
  • BACKGROUND 115
  • MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 115
    • TABLE 28 GLOBAL SILICONE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 115
  • POLYVINYLIDENE CHLORIDE (PVDC) 116
  • BACKGROUND 116
  • CITED ADVANTAGES 116
  • MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 116
    • TABLE 29 GLOBAL PVDC HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 117
  • MISCELLANEOUS RESINS 117
  • OVERVIEW 117
  • METALLOCENE POLYETHYLENES 117
  • Background 117
  • New Developments 118
  • Global Metallocene Producers 118
  • CELLULOSICS 118
  • FLUOROPOLYMERS 118
  • IONOMERS 119
  • NITRILE RESINS 119
  • SELECTED ETPS 119
  • Polysulfones 119
  • Polyetherimides (PEIs) 120
  • Cyclic Olefin Copolymers (COCs) 120
  • RECENT DEVELOPMENTS 121
  • Colored COCs for Healthcare Packaging 121
  • MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 121
    • TABLE 30 GLOBAL HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MISCELLANEOUS RESINS BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 121
  • PRICING 122
    • TABLE 31 AVERAGE PRICING FOR SELECTED RESINS USED IN HEALTHCARE PACKAGING, 2013 (DOLLARS PER POUND) 122

CHAPTER 7 HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKETS BY APPLICATION 124

  • OVERVIEW 124
  • MARKET SEGMENTATION 124
  • HEALTHCARE PACKAGING 124
  • OVERVIEW 124
  • TYPES OF HEALTHCARE PACKAGING 124
  • Overview 124
  • Details 125
  • COMPETING PACKAGING MATERIALS 125
  • DISPOSABILITY AND RECYCLABILITY 125
  • RIGID VS. FLEXIBLE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING 125
  • MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 126
    • TABLE 32 GLOBAL HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 126
  • PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING 127
  • OVERVIEW 127
  • SOME TECHNOLOGIES AND APPLICATIONS 127
  • MARKET BY PACKAGE TYPE 128
  • Overview 128
  • Containers 128
  • Bottles 128
  • Background 128
  • Plastics Usage 129
  • Examples of Pharmaceutical Packaging Bottles 130
  • New Developments in Pharmaceutical Bottles 130
  • PET Bottles as Alternatives 130
  • Stability Testing 130
  • Vials 130
  • Background 130
  • Vial Labels Undergoing Changes 131
  • More Recent Developments 131
  • Two-in-One Vials 131
  • Oral Dispensers 131
  • Market Estimates and Forecasts 131
    • TABLE 33 GLOBAL PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: CONTAINERS, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 132
  • Closures 132
  • Market Application Details 132
  • Lidding 133
  • Recent Developments in Pharmaceutical Closures 133
  • Market Estimates and Forecasts 134
    • TABLE 34 GLOBAL PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: CLOSURES, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 134
  • Blister Packs 134
  • Overview 134
  • Background 135
  • Blister Packs Can Be Made via Thermoforming or Coldforming 135
  • Market Application Details 136
    • TABLE 35 PROS AND CONS OF PHARMACEUTICAL BLISTER PACKAGING 137
  • Product Applications 138
  • Impact of OTC Products on Blister Packaging 138
  • Non-Institutional Ethical Pharmaceuticals and Blister Packs 139
  • Institutional Product Use and Blister Packaging 139
  • Examples of Materials Used in Blister Packs 140
  • A Recent Development in Pharmaceutical Blister Packs 141
  • Forming Blister Films 141
  • Market Estimates and Forecasts 141
    • TABLE 36 GLOBAL HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: BLISTER PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 141
  • Clamshells 142
  • Is There a Difference? 142
  • Advantages 142
  • Types of Clamshells 142
  • Inset Cards 143
  • Sealing of Clamshells 143
    • TABLE 37 SEALING CLAMSHELLS PARAMETERS 143
  • Clamshell Materials 143
  • OTHER PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING APPLICATIONS 143
  • Pouches/Bags 143
  • Introduction 143
  • Recent Developments in Pouches 144
  • Use of Foils 144
  • SIGNIFICANT CHANGES FORECAST IN PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING 145
  • CULTURAL/GEOGRAPHIC DIFFERENCES IN PHARMACEUTICAL HEALTH PACKAGING 145
  • NANOTECHNOLOGIES SIGNIFICANT IN PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING 146
  • PACKAGING SELECTIONS FOR PARENTERAL PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCERS 146
  • MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 146
    • TABLE 38 MISCELLANEOUS PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 146
  • MEDICAL PRODUCT PACKAGING 147
  • OVERVIEW 147
  • BACKGROUND 147
  • PACKAGING CHOICES 148
  • TRENDS IN MEDICAL PRODUCT PACKAGING 148
  • Background 149
  • Home Healthcare 149
  • A Growing Issue: Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) Sensitive Medical Device Packaging 149
  • Other Important Medical Packaging Considerations 149
  • RECENT ADVANCES AND PRODUCTS IN MEDICAL PACKAGING 150
  • Chevron Type Pouches for Medical Devices 150
  • Combination Packaging Products 150
  • What Packaging Converters Need to Provide to Medical Device Manufacturers 150
  • A Growing Medical Device Packaging Concern - Sustainability 150
  • SYRINGES 151
  • Background 151
  • Products and Applications 151
  • Syringe Alternatives 152
  • Syringe Innovations 152
  • Prefilled Syringe Historical Aspects 153
  • Materials Used 154
  • Polymer Usage 154
  • Self-Administration Becomes a Major Issue 155
  • No Needles 155
  • An Interesting Observation 155
  • Injury Prevention Goals 155
  • Overview 155
  • Auto Retraction 156
  • Other Noteworthy Syringe-Related Developments 156
  • West Pharmaceutical Prefixed Needle Syringe 156
  • Market Estimates and Forecasts 156
    • TABLE 39 GLOBAL MEDICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: SYRINGES, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 157
  • TUBING 157
  • Products and Applications 157
  • Stainless-steel Medical Tubing Increasing 157
  • Plastic Medical Tubing Niches 158
  • Properties 158
  • Resin Components and Requirements 158
  • PVC Usage 158
  • Features of Medical Tubing 159
    • TABLE 40 COMMON FEATURES OF AND SELECTED APPLICATIONS FOR PRIMARY RESINS USED IN MEDICAL TUBING 160
  • Applications 160
    • TABLE 41 SAMPLE APPLICATIONS FOR FLEXIBLE MEDICAL TUBING BY MAJOR CATEGORY 160
  • Multilayer Tubing 161
  • Material Advancements 161
  • Selected Plastic Medical Tubing Extruders 161
  • Recent Developments and Products in Tubing 162
  • TPE/Polyimide Medical Tubing 162
  • Fine-Tuning Tubing 162
  • PVC-Free Medical Tubing 162
  • Tubing from China 162
  • Bioplastics Trying to Replace Plasticizers in PVC Tubing 162
  • Market Estimates and Forecasts 162
    • TABLE 42 GLOBAL MEDICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: TUBING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 163
  • KITS 163
  • Overview 163
  • Performance Criteria 164
    • TABLE 43 MATERIAL PROPERTY CRITERIA: KITS 164
  • Market Estimates and Forecasts 165
    • TABLE 44 GLOBAL MEDICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: KITS, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 165
  • MEDICAL BAGS AND PARTS 165
  • Medical Bags 166
  • The Medical Bag Market 166
  • Fluid Administration and Collection Bags 166
  • IV Bags and Parts 167
  • Background 167
  • Broad Summary 167
  • Alternatives to PVC in Medical Bags 168
  • Overview 168
  • Viable PVC Replacement Materials 168
  • Intravenous Solution Bags 169
  • Enema Bags 169
  • Blood Bags 169
  • Pouches and Other Applications 170
  • Pouch Features 170
  • Related Products 170
  • Market Estimates and Forecasts 171
    • TABLE 45 GLOBAL MEDICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: IV BAGS AND PARTS, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 171
    • TABLE 46 GLOBAL MEDICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: OTHER BAGS, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 171
  • RECENT DEVELOPMENTS AND PRODUCTS 172
  • Medical Bag and Pouch Advances 172
  • New Transdermal Packaging 172
  • Pouch Size and Contamination 172
  • PVC Blood Bags Debated in Europe 172
  • TRAYS 173
  • Background 173
    • TABLE 47 RESIN PROPERTY CRITERIA: TRAYS 173
  • Sterilization 173
  • Thermoform or Injection Mold? 174
  • Property Parameters for Choosing Tray Materials 174
  • Tray Designs for Different Environments 175
  • Recent Developments in Trays 175
  • New Tray Designs 175
  • New Materials for Rigid Trays 175
  • Higher Performance Rigid Trays 175
  • MISCELLANEOUS MEDICAL PACKAGING APPLICATIONS 175
    • TABLE 49 GLOBAL MEDICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 175
  • GLOBAL HEALTHCARE PACKAGING RESIN MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC AREA 176
  • OVERVIEW 176
  • GLOBAL HEALTHCARE PACKAGING RESINS 176
  • HIGH-DENSITY POLYETHYLENE (HDPE) 177
    • TABLE 50 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF HDPE USAGE IN HEALTHCARE PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 177
  • POLYPROPYLENE 177
    • TABLE 51 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYPROPYLENE USAGE IN HEALTHCARE PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 177
  • PVC 178
    • TABLE 52 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF PVC USAGE IN HEALTHCARE PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 178
  • LDPE/LLDPE 178
    • TABLE 53 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF LDPE/LLDPE USAGE IN HEALTHCARE PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 178
  • POLYESTERS 179
    • TABLE 54 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYESTER USAGE IN HEALTHCARE PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 179
  • POLYSTYRENE AND COPOLYMERS 179
    • TABLE 55 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYSTYRENE AND COPOLYMER USAGE IN HEALTHCARE PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 180
  • GLOBAL PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING RESINS 180
    • TABLE 56 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF HDPE USAGE IN PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 180
    • TABLE 57 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYPROPYLENE USAGE IN PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 181
    • TABLE 58 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF PVC USAGE IN PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 181
    • TABLE 59 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF LDPE/LLDPE USAGE IN PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 182
    • TABLE 60 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYESTER USAGE IN PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 182
    • TABLE 61 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYSTYRENE AND COPOLYMER USAGE IN PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 183
  • GLOBAL MEDICAL PACKAGING RESINS 183
    • TABLE 62 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF HDPE USAGE IN MEDICAL PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 183
    • TABLE 63 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYPROPYLENE USAGE IN MEDICAL PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 184
    • TABLE 64 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF PVC USAGE IN MEDICAL PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 184
    • TABLE 65 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF LDPE/LLDPE USAGE IN MEDICAL PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 185
    • TABLE 66 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYESTER USAGE IN MEDICAL PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 185
    • TABLE 67 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYSTYRENE AND COPOLYMER USAGE IN MEDICAL PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 186
    • TABLE 68 MARKET SHARES OF GEOGRAPHIC AREAS FOR PLASTICS USAGE IN HEALTHCARE PACKAGING, 2012-2018 (PERCENT) 186
    • TABLE 69 MARKET SHARES OF GEOGRAPHIC AREAS FOR PLASTICS USAGE IN PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING, 2012-2018 (PERCENT) 187
    • TABLE 70 MARKET SHARES OF GEOGRAPHIC AREAS FOR PLASTICS USAGE IN MEDICAL PACKAGING, 2012-2018 (PERCENT) 187

CHAPTER 8 STERILIZATION TECHNIQUES 189

  • OVERVIEW OF METHODS 189
  • THE STERILIZATION PACKAGING MANUFACTURERS COUNCIL OF THE FLEXIBLE PACKAGING ASSOCIATION (SPMC) 189
  • ETHYLENE OXIDE (ETO) GAS STERILIZATION 190
  • RADIATION STERILIZATION 190
  • GAMMA RADIATION 190
  • OZONE STERILIZATION 191
  • POLYMER REACTIONS TO STERILIZATION METHODS 191
  • BACKGROUND 191
  • PVC 191
  • POLYPROPYLENE 192
  • POLYETHYLENE 192
  • ABS AND SAN 192
  • POLYCARBONATE 192
  • POLYSTYRENE 192
  • POLYESTERS 192

CHAPTER 9 IMPORTANT AREAS AFFECTING THE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET 194

  • CONSERVATIVE NATURE OF THE HEALTHCARE INDUSTRY 194
  • FACTORS AFFECTING CHOICES OF PACKAGING MATERIALS 194
  • COMPETING PACKAGING MATERIALS 195
  • DISPOSABILITY AND RECYCLABILITY 195
  • TECHNOLOGY 195
  • SAFETY 195
  • COMPOUNDERS/CONVERTERS/MOLDERS AND DISTRIBUTORS 196
  • BACKGROUND 196
  • COMPOUNDERS 196
  • CONVERTERS 196
  • MOLDERS 197
  • IMPORTANCE IN THE MARKETPLACE 197
  • POSITION IN PRODUCT CHAIN 197
  • DISTRIBUTION 198

CHAPTER 10 OTHER ASPECTS OF THE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING BUSINESS 201

  • END-USER HEALTHCARE COMPANIES 201
  • MARKETING AND COMPETITIVE ISSUES 201
  • END-USER PLASTIC SELECTION CRITERIA 201
  • Background 201
  • Competitive Materials 201
  • NEW APPLICATIONS 202
  • PERFORMANCE STANDARDS 202
  • CONTAMINATION OR TOXICITY ISSUES 202
  • PURCHASING PRACTICES 202
  • RIGID VS. FLEXIBLE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING 203

CHAPTER 11 ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES 205

  • OVERVIEW 205
  • SPECTER OF CONTAMINATED PRODUCTS 205
  • SOURCE REDUCTION 205
  • BIODEGRADABILITY 206
  • COMPETING PACKAGING MATERIALS 206
  • SUSTAINABILITY 207
  • INTRODUCTION 207
  • EARLY EFFORTS 207
  • SPECIAL CHALLENGE FOR HEALTHCARE PACKAGING 207
  • THE SUSTAINABLE PACKAGING COALITION (SPC) 207
  • HEALTHCARE PLASTICS RECYCLING COUNCIL (HPRC) 208

CHAPTER 12 REGULATORY ISSUES 210

  • OVERVIEW 210
  • REGULATORY APPROVALS 210
  • BACKGROUND 210
  • U.S. ACTIVITIES 210
  • PLASTICS TESTING PROCEDURES 211
  • GLOBAL REGULATORY ISSUES 211

CHAPTER 13 RECENT DEVELOPMENTS AND PRODUCTS IN HEALTHCARE PACKAGING 213

  • NEW TESTING METHODS 213
  • RECENT PLASTIC HEALTHCARE PACKAGES 213
  • PREFILLED INJECTION SYSTEMS 213
  • HANDLING MORE AGGRESSIVE STERILIZATION CYCLES 213
  • NEW FOIL LAMINATIONS 213
  • UPGRADING STERILE PACKAGING SOLUTIONS 214
  • CONTRACT PACKAGING GROWTH TRENDS 214
  • FLEXIBLE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING BECOMING MORE IMPORTANT 214
  • COMPLIANCE CONTROL 214
  • HEALTHCARE PACKAGING GROWING IN CHINA 215
  • USE OF SORBENT FORMULATIONS TO REPLACE HALOGEN-CONTAINING PLASTICS 215
  • NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN HEALTHCARE PACKAGING FILMS 215
  • A SINGLE BARRIER FOR STERILE BARRIER SYSTEMS 216
  • FDA ISSUES FINAL RULE ON STERILITY TESTING OF BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS 216
  • INCREASED CAPABILITIES FOR BARRIER MATERIALS 216
  • UPCOMING TAX ON MEDICAL DEVICES FORCES MEDICAL PACKAGERS TO TIGHTEN THEIR BELTS 216
    • TABLE 71 MEDICAL DEVICE PACKAGERS ACTIVITIES CITED TO LOWER COSTS TO MEET UPCOMING FEDERAL TAXES ON MEDICAL DEVICES IN THE U.S. 217
  • PROTECTING HEALTHCARE PACKAGING 217
  • PHARMAPACK EUROPE CITES PACKAGING ENHANCEMENT AND PRODUCT VALUE 217
  • STERILE MEDICAL PACKAGING - THE NEXT 20 YEARS 217
  • GOVERNMENT POLICIES DRIVE HEALTHCARE CONTRACT PACKAGING IN ASIAN COUNTRIES 218
  • CATALENT INCREASES CHINESE VENTURES 218
  • CHINESE DRUG SAFETY AGENCY UPGRADED 218
  • DOUBLE-BARRIER PACKAGING STILL FAVORED BY NURSES 218

CHAPTER 14 COMPANY PROFILES 220

  • ALCAN PACKAGING 220
  • ALMAC GROUP 220
  • AMCOR FLEXIBLES 221
  • AMERISOURCE BERGEN CORPORATION 221
  • ANDERSONBRECON 222
  • APHENA PHARMA SOLUTIONS 222
  • BEACON CONVERTERS, INC. 223
  • BILCARE RESEARCH 223
  • CATALENT PHARMA SOLUTIONS 224
  • CONSTANTIA FLEXIBLES 224
  • CRYOPAK 225
  • KLOCKNER PENTAPLAST 225
  • MCKESSON RXPAK 226
  • OLIVER-TOLAS HEALTHCARE PACKAGING 226
  • PERFECSEAL 227
  • PERLEN PACKAGING LLC 227
  • PLASTIC INGENUITY 228
  • PRENT CORPORATION 228
  • PRINTPAK MEDICAL 229
  • REXAM PLC 229
  • ROLLPRINT PACKAGING PRODUCTS, INC. 230
  • SEALED AIR CORPORATION 230
  • TEKNI-FILMS, INC. 231
  • UNITED DRUG PLC 231
  • VETTER PHARMA INTERNATIONAL 231
  • WINPAK HEAT SEAL PACKAGING 232

CHAPTER 15 APPENDIX 234

  • ACRONYMS AND DEFINITIONS 234

LIST OF TABLES

  • SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN, IN TERMS OF VOLUME, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 7
  • TABLE 1 PREDICTED EFFECTS OF TRENDS ON PLASTICS USED IN HEALTHCARE PACKAGING 15
  • TABLE 2 ASTM MEDICAL DEVICE PACKAGING STANDARDS 26
  • TABLE 3 GLOBAL HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 55
  • TABLE 4 KEY GLOBAL POLYPROPYLENE PRODUCERS AND ESTIMATED CAPACITIES (BILLION POUNDS/YEAR) 63
  • TABLE 5 SELECTED KEY TRADE NAMED POLYPROPYLENE OF PRODUCERS/SUPPLIERS 64
  • TABLE 6 GLOBAL POLYPROPYLENE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 65
  • TABLE 7 LEADING GLOBAL HDPE PRODUCERS (BILLION POUNDS/YEAR) 67
  • TABLE 8 GLOBAL HIGH-DENSITY POLYETHYLENE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 68
  • TABLE 9 GLOBAL LDPE PRODUCERS AND LOCATIONS 70
  • TABLE 10 THE LLDPE GROUPS 72
  • TABLE 11 GLOBAL LDPE/LLDPE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 72
  • TABLE 12 TOTAL GLOBAL POLYETHYLENE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 73
  • TABLE 13 RIGID PVC APPLICATIONS 76
  • TABLE 14 LEADING GLOBAL PVC PRODUCERS (BILLION POUNDS PER YEAR) 77
  • TABLE 15 GLOBAL POLYVINYL CHLORIDE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 80
  • TABLE 16 THE 10 LARGEST GLOBAL PET PRODUCERS (BILLION POUNDS/YEAR) 85
  • TABLE 17 GLOBAL POLYESTER HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 88
  • TABLE 18 SBC MAJOR PRODUCTS SEGMENTED BY POLYMER PROCESS 93
  • TABLE 19 GLOBAL POLYSTYRENE AND COPOLYMERS HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 97
  • TABLE 20 KEY GLOBAL POLYAMIDE RESIN PRODUCERS 100
  • TABLE 21 GLOBAL POLYAMIDE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 101
  • TABLE 22 SELECTED MAJOR POLYCARBONATE PRODUCERS AND TRADE NAMED PRODUCTS 105
  • TABLE 23 SELECTED MAJOR POLYCARBONATE PRODUCERS ESTIMATED GLOBAL CAPACITIES (MILLION POUNDS/YEAR) 105
  • TABLE 24 GLOBAL POLYCARBONATE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 106
  • TABLE 25 GLOBAL ACRYLIC HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 110
  • TABLE 26 GLOBAL COPE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 113
  • TABLE 27 GLOBAL TPU HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 114
  • TABLE 28 GLOBAL SILICONE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 115
  • TABLE 29 GLOBAL PVDC HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 117
  • TABLE 30 GLOBAL HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MISCELLANEOUS RESINS BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 121
  • TABLE 31 AVERAGE PRICING FOR SELECTED RESINS USED IN HEALTHCARE PACKAGING, 2013 (DOLLARS PER POUND) 122
  • TABLE 32 GLOBAL HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 126
  • TABLE 33 GLOBAL PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: CONTAINERS, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 132
  • TABLE 34 GLOBAL PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: CLOSURES, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 134
  • TABLE 35 PROS AND CONS OF PHARMACEUTICAL BLISTER PACKAGING 137
  • TABLE 36 GLOBAL HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: BLISTER PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 141
  • TABLE 37 SEALING CLAMSHELLS PARAMETERS 143
  • TABLE 38 MISCELLANEOUS PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 146
  • TABLE 39 GLOBAL MEDICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: SYRINGES, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 157
  • TABLE 40 COMMON FEATURES OF AND SELECTED APPLICATIONS FOR PRIMARY RESINS USED IN MEDICAL TUBING 160
  • TABLE 41 SAMPLE APPLICATIONS FOR FLEXIBLE MEDICAL TUBING BY MAJOR CATEGORY 160
  • TABLE 42 GLOBAL MEDICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: TUBING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 163
  • TABLE 43 MATERIAL PROPERTY CRITERIA: KITS 164
  • TABLE 44 GLOBAL MEDICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: KITS, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 165
  • TABLE 45 GLOBAL MEDICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: IV BAGS AND PARTS, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 171
  • TABLE 46 GLOBAL MEDICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: OTHER BAGS, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 171
  • TABLE 47 RESIN PROPERTY CRITERIA: TRAYS 173
  • TABLE 49 GLOBAL MEDICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 175
  • TABLE 50 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF HDPE USAGE IN HEALTHCARE PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 177
  • TABLE 51 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYPROPYLENE USAGE IN HEALTHCARE PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 177
  • TABLE 52 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF PVC USAGE IN HEALTHCARE PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 178
  • TABLE 53 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF LDPE/LLDPE USAGE IN HEALTHCARE PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 178
  • TABLE 54 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYESTER USAGE IN HEALTHCARE PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 179
  • TABLE 55 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYSTYRENE AND COPOLYMER USAGE IN HEALTHCARE PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 180
  • TABLE 56 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF HDPE USAGE IN PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 180
  • TABLE 57 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYPROPYLENE USAGE IN PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 181
  • TABLE 58 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF PVC USAGE IN PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 181
  • TABLE 59 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF LDPE/LLDPE USAGE IN PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 182
  • TABLE 60 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYESTER USAGE IN PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 182
  • TABLE 61 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYSTYRENE AND COPOLYMER USAGE IN PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 183
  • TABLE 62 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF HDPE USAGE IN MEDICAL PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 183
  • TABLE 63 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYPROPYLENE USAGE IN MEDICAL PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 184
  • TABLE 64 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF PVC USAGE IN MEDICAL PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 184
  • TABLE 65 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF LDPE/LLDPE USAGE IN MEDICAL PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 185
  • TABLE 66 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYESTER USAGE IN MEDICAL PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 185
  • TABLE 67 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYSTYRENE AND COPOLYMER USAGE IN MEDICAL PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 186
  • TABLE 68 MARKET SHARES OF GEOGRAPHIC AREAS FOR PLASTICS USAGE IN HEALTHCARE PACKAGING, 2012-2018 (PERCENT) 186
  • TABLE 69 MARKET SHARES OF GEOGRAPHIC AREAS FOR PLASTICS USAGE IN PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING, 2012-2018 (PERCENT) 187
  • TABLE 70 MARKET SHARES OF GEOGRAPHIC AREAS FOR PLASTICS USAGE IN MEDICAL PACKAGING, 2012-2018 (PERCENT) 187
  • TABLE 71 MEDICAL DEVICE PACKAGERS ACTIVITIES CITED TO LOWER COSTS TO MEET UPCOMING FEDERAL TAXES ON MEDICAL DEVICES IN THE U.S. 217

LIST OF FIGURES

  • SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN, IN TERMS OF VOLUME, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 7
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