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世界の二酸化炭素回収・貯留 (CCS) 市場の分析

Analyzing the Global Carbon Capture and Storage Market 2018

発行 Aruvian's R'search 商品コード 623623
出版日 ページ情報 英文 110 Pages
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世界の二酸化炭素回収・貯留 (CCS) 市場の分析 Analyzing the Global Carbon Capture and Storage Market 2018
出版日: 2018年04月01日 ページ情報: 英文 110 Pages
概要

当レポートでは、世界の二酸化炭素回収・貯留 (CCS) 市場について調査分析し、概要、プロセス、経済性、規制の枠組み、見通しなど、体系的な情報を提供しています。

A. エグゼクティブサマリー

B. 二酸化炭素回収・貯留 (CCS) のイントロダクション

C. 二酸化炭素回収・貯留 (CCS) のプロセス

  • イントロダクション
  • 発電所からのCO2排出量
  • CO2回収の高コストと発電所の効率損失
  • 燃焼後のCO2回収
  • 燃焼後のCO2回収で使用する化学溶剤
  • 燃焼後のCO2回収でイオン性液体を使用
  • 燃焼前のCO2回収
  • オキシ燃料の燃焼方法
  • 化学ループ燃焼方法
  • 検討要因
  • CCSインフラの開発
  • 漏れ問題
  • CCSの限界
  • CCSプロジェクトの例

D. 二酸化炭素の輸送

E. 炭素隔離

  • イントロダクション
  • 生物学的プロセスによる隔離
  • 物理的プロセスによる隔離
  • 化学的プロセスによる隔離
  • 炭素隔離場所の可能性
  • その他の貯留オプション
  • 隔離の課題
  • 隔離の実証プロジェクト

F. 二酸化炭素回収・貯留 (CCS) の経済性

  • イントロダクション
  • 炭素回収のコスト
  • 炭素回収の資本コスト
  • CO2貯留・輸送コスト
  • 地下のCO2貯留の監視コスト
  • 均等化発電原価 (LCOE)

G. 規制の枠組み

  • イントロダクション
  • 世界の炭素排出量の規制
  • 国家規制
  • 炭素回収・輸送の規制
  • CO2の貯留管理の規制
  • 炭素隔離の監視
  • 立法の課題

H. 二酸化炭素回収・貯留 (CCS) の見通し

  • 概要
  • CCSと安価な代替手段との比較
  • 将来の市場潜在力
目次

Carbon capture and storage is a process that has become quite popular in recent years. Carbon capture and storage, known commonly as CCS, or even known as carbon capture and sequestration, is a process that captures waste carbon dioxide from sources such as fossil fuel plants and transports it to a carbon storage site (generally underground). The process prevents the release of such large amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. CCS is being considered as one such process that can possibly mitigate the role of emissions from fossil fuels leading to global warming.

Aruvian Research analyzes the global carbon capture and storage market in this research report. The report begins with an analysis of the basics of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS). The emergence of Carbon Capture and Storage and how it can aid in combatting global warming is analyzed by taking a look at global emissions of carbon dioxide, emissions from coal combustion and factors that promote the use of CCS.

We analyze the carbon dioxide capture process by firstly looking at carbon dioxide emissions from power plants, the high cost of carbon capture and the loss of efficiency power plants face if carbon capture process is introduced and other factors that impact the industry. Post combustion and pre combustion capture of carbon dioxide are analyzed. We also look at the use of ionic liquids for post combustion carbon capture. Other combustion methods such as oxyfuel combustion and chemical looping combustion are further analyzed in this report.

Development of CCS infrastructure to promote the growth of the global carbon capture and storage industry is looked at while also analyzing the various concerns and limitations associated with carbon capture and storage.

We analyze some example CCS projects around the world including in Australia, Canada, Germany, Netherlands, Norway, the United Kingdom and CCS projects in the United States.

Moving on, we look at the transportation of carbon dioxide, which is the next stage following carbon capture. Carbon sequestration is analyzed by the various processes which include biological, physical and chemical. Potential carbon sequestration sites are analyzed by ocean storage, underground storage and other options. Challenges and some demonstration projects complete the analysis of carbon sequestration.

The high cost of carbon capture and storage is definitely a factor that has to be considered while analyzing the global carbon capture and storage industry. We analyze the economics of CCS through capital cost, storage and transportation costs, cost involved in the monitoring of underground carbon storage, overall industry costs along with the levelized cost of electricity.

Impact of global regulations and legislation governing carbon capture and storage along with the regulation of carbon emissions is analyzed along with legislative challenges.

Summing up, the report Analyzing the Global Carbon Capture and Storage Market 2018, provides an outlook for the global carbon capture and storage industry including a comparison of CCS with cheaper alternatives and future market potential.

Table of Contents

A. Executive Summary

B. Introduction to Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS)

  • B.1 What is Carbon Capture & Storage?
  • B.2 Global Emissions of Carbon Dioxide
  • B.3 Emissions from Coal Combustion
  • B.4 Emergence of Carbon Capture and Storage

C. Carbon Dioxide Capture Process

  • C.1 Introduction
  • C.2 CO2 Emissions from Power Plants
  • C.3 High Cost of Carbon Capture & Power Plant Efficiency Loss
  • C.4 Post Combustion Capture of Carbon Dioxide
  • C.5 Chemical Solvents for Use in Post-Combustion Carbon Capture
  • C.6 Use of Ionic Liquids for Post Combustion Carbon Capture
  • C.7 Pre Combustion Capture of Carbon Dioxide
  • C.8 Oxyfuel Combustion Method
  • C.9 Chemical Looping Combustion Method
  • C.10 Factors to Consider
    • C.10.1 Compression of Carbon Dioxide
    • C.10.2 Retrofitting of Carbon Capture Equipment
  • C.11 Developing CCS Infrastructure
  • C.12 Leakage Concern
  • C.13 Limitations of Carbon Capture & Storage
  • C.14 Example CCS Projects
    • C.14.1 Industrial Projects
    • C.14.2 CCS Projects in Australia
    • C.14.3 CCS Projects in Canada
    • C.14.4 CCS Projects in Germany
    • C.14.5 CCS Projects in Netherlands
    • C.14.6 CCS Projects in Norway
    • C.14.7 CCS Projects in the United Kingdom
    • C.14.8 CCS Projects in the United States

D. Transportation of Carbon Dioxide

E. Carbon Sequestration

  • E.1 Introduction
  • E.2 Sequestration by Biological Processes
  • E.3 Sequestration by Physical Processes
  • E.4 Sequestration by Chemical Processes
  • E.5 Potential Carbon Sequestration Sites
    • E.5.1 Ocean Storage
    • E.5.2 Underground Storage
  • E.6 Other Storage Options
  • E.7 Sequestration Challenges
  • E.8 Sequestration Demonstration Projects

F. Economics of Carbon Capture and Storage

  • F.1 Introduction
  • F.2 What is the Cost of Carbon Capture?
  • F.3 Carbon Capture Capital Cost
  • F.4 Carbon Dioxide Storage & Transportation Costs
  • F.5 Cost for Monitoring Underground Carbon Storage
  • F.6 Levelized Cost of Electricity

G. Regulatory Framework

  • G.1 Introduction
  • G.2 Regulating Carbon Emissions Globally
  • G.3 National Regulations
  • G.4 Regulations for Carbon Capture & Transportation
  • G.5 Regulations Governing Storage of CO2
  • G.6 Monitoring of Carbon Sequestration
  • G.7 Legislative Challenges

H. Outlook for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS)

  • H.1 Overview
  • H.2 Comparing CCS to Cheaper Alternatives
  • H.3 Future Market Potential

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: Terrestrial & Geological Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide Emissions from a Coal-Fired Plant
  • Figure 2: Forecast for Yearly Energy Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions Worldwide, 2015-2035 (in Million Tons)
  • Figure 3: Forecast for Yearly Coal Fired Power Generation Capacity by Region (in GW), 2007-2035
  • Figure 4: CO2 Concentration in Flue Gas from Power Plants (in Volume %), 2017
  • Figure 5: Post Combustion Carbon Capture with Monoethanolamine (MEA)
  • Figure 6: Pipeline and Sea Transportation Cost of Carbon Dioxide, 2017
  • Figure 7: Requirement for Pipeline (in Kilometers) for Transporting Carbon Dioxide
  • Figure 8: Global Storage Capacity of Carbon Dioxide by Type of Sites (in Gt CO2)
  • Figure 9: Amount of Carbon to be Sequestered by 2050 (in Million Tons)
  • Figure 10: Capital Costs of US Fossil Fuel Plants
  • Figure 11: Capital Cost Estimated by EIA for Coal Fired Power Plants with Integrated Carbon Capture
  • Figure 12: Capital Costs for Power Plants Having Carbon Capture and Without Carbon Capture
  • Figure 13: Levelized Cost of Electricity for Power Plants Coming Online in 2017 by Types of Power Plants
  • Figure 14: Emissions Limits Set by the Kyoto Protocol for Annex B Countries
  • Figure 15: Emissions of Greenhouse Gas in the European Union (in mt CO2), 1990-2009
  • Figure 16: Cost of Electricity from CCS versus Other Alternate Options Available for Power Plants Coming Online in 2017
  • Figure 17: Outlook for CCS Installed Capacity by 2050 (in GW)
  • Figure 18: Segmentation of Installed CCS Capacity by Fuel Type (IEA Blue Map Scenario)

List of Tables

  • Table 1: CO2 Emissions (in Million Tons) from Energy Related Activities Worldwide, 1990-2016
  • Table 2: Forecast for Yearly Energy Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions Worldwide, 2020-2040 (in Million Tons)
  • Table 3: Forecast for Yearly Coal Fired Power Generation Capacity by Region (in GW), 2007-2035
  • Table 4: CO2 Concentration in Flue Gas from Power Plants (in Volume %), 2017
  • Table 5: Power Plant Efficiencies with & without Carbon Capture Technology
  • Table 6: Characteristics of Post Combustion Carbon Capture
  • Table 7: Post Combustion Carbon Capture with Monoethanolamine (MEA)
  • Table 8: Candidates for Oxygen Carriers in Chemical Looping Combustion
  • Table 9: Examples of Power Sector CCS Projects
  • Table 10: Pipeline and Sea Transportation Cost of Carbon Dioxide, 2017
  • Table 11: Requirement for Pipeline (in Kilometers) for Transporting Carbon Dioxide
  • Table 12: Global Storage Capacity of Carbon Dioxide by Type of Sites (in Gt CO2)
  • Table 13: Potential Storage Capacity of CO2 & Amount for Sequestration, 2010, 2020, 2050
  • Table 14: Characteristics of Potential Carbon Sequestration Sites
  • Table 15: Characteristics of Carbon Sequestration Demo Projects
  • Table 16: Comparing the Cost of per Ton CO2 Captured & per Ton CO2 Avoided (in Euro per ton)
  • Table 17: Capital Costs of US Fossil Fuel Plants
  • Table 18: Capital Cost Estimated by EIA for Coal Fired Power Plants with Integrated Carbon Capture
  • Table 19: Capital Costs for Power Plants Having Carbon Capture and Without Carbon Capture
  • Table 20: Levelized Cost of Electricity for Power Plants Coming Online in 2017 by Types of Power Plants
  • Table 21: Emissions Limits Set by the Kyoto Protocol for Annex B Countries
  • Table 22: Emissions of Greenhouse Gas in the European Union (in mt CO2), 1990-2009
  • Table 23: Cost of Electricity from CCS versus Other Alternate Options Available for Power Plants Coming Online in 2016
  • Table 24: Future CCS Projects and Capacity based on IEA Blue Map
  • Table 25: Segmentation of Installed CCS Capacity by Fuel Type (IEA Blue Map Scenario)
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