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日本の地熱発電産業の分析

Analyzing Geothermal Power in Japan

発行 Aruvian's R'search 商品コード 249062
出版日 ページ情報 英文 157 Pages
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日本の地熱発電産業の分析 Analyzing Geothermal Power in Japan
出版日: 2013年03月01日 ページ情報: 英文 157 Pages
概要

地熱発電は現在、日本の総発電量のわずか0.2%しか占めていませんが、23,000メガワットもの発電能力が期待され、その市場機会は巨大であると言えます。日本政府は関連規制の緩和や、再生可能エネルギーの固定価格買取制度の導入などを通じて地熱発電の普及を支援しており、業界側でもそれに対応した動きが早速始まっています(福島氏土湯温泉、出光等の9社連合、他)。ただし、様々な障害を解決して地熱発電を実現させるには相当の年数がかかるものと思われます。

当レポートでは、日本における地熱発電産業の現状と将来見通しについて分析し、地熱発電の技術的概略や、全世界・アジア太平洋地域および日本国内の産業構造や動向見通し、主要企業のプロファイルと地熱発電事業といった情報を盛り込んで、概略以下の構成でお届けします。

エグゼクティブ・サマリー

地熱発電の概略

  • 地熱エネルギーの認識:歴史的展望
  • 地熱エネルギーの活用:現在の状況
  • 地熱エネルギーの発生源
  • 地球中核部からのエネルギー:地熱システム
  • 地熱活動貯留層の特定
  • 地熱資源の評価
  • 地熱資源の商業ベースでの探査
  • 地熱資源の探査過程
  • 地熱探査計画:リスク vs. 費用
  • 地熱発電で利用される技術
    • バイナリサイクル発電技術
    • 従来型蒸気タービン技術
  • 新たな技術
    • 強化型地熱システム
    • 混合作動流体技術
  • 地熱掘削技術とそのコスト

世界の地熱発電産業

  • イントロダクション
  • 地熱資源からの発電量
  • 地熱発電の設備容量

アジア太平洋地域の地熱発電産業

  • 産業概要
  • 地熱資源からの発電量
  • 地熱発電の設備容量
  • 地域別内訳
  • 業界内の主な資本取引

日本の地熱発電産業

  • 産業概要
  • 地熱資源からの発電量
  • 地熱発電の設備容量
  • 産業の分類
  • 産業関連規制
  • 主な産業プロジェクト

主要企業

  • 富士電機
    • 企業プロファイル
    • 事業部門の分析
    • 業界内のプレゼンス
    • SWOT分析
  • 三菱重工業
    • 企業プロファイル
    • 事業部門の分析
    • 業界内のプレゼンス
    • SWOT分析
  • 東芝
    • 企業プロファイル
    • 事業部門の分析
    • 業界内のプレゼンス
    • SWOT分析
  • 九州電力
    • 企業プロファイル
    • 事業部門の分析
    • SWOT分析
  • 東北電力
    • 企業プロファイル
    • 事業部門の分析
    • SWOT分析
  • 東京電力
    • 企業プロファイル
    • 事業部門の分析
    • SWOT分析

付録

  • 世界の地熱発電関連組織
  • 図表

分析手法

用語集

図表一覧

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目次

The Japanese geothermal industry is set to expand in the coming years as the country does not want to rely just on nuclear power to fulfill its electricity needs. As Japan had been more dependent on the nuclear energy to produce its electricity before, in the wake of the recent nuclear Fukushima disaster, Japanese authorities are looking to several other ways to generate electricity and geothermal energy makes to the top of their list.

Geothermal is responsible for approximately 0.2% of electricity generation in Japan, but with an estimated 23,000 MW of geothermal energy, opportunities to further develop Japan's geothermal resources are plenty. Japan relaxed rules regarding geothermal energy within its national parks. Now, at least one project is moving forward, a 500-kilowatt plant at the Tsuchiyu Onsen hot spring in Fukushima City, an area not far from the epicenter of 2011's nuclear crisis. The project has the potential to expand to 1 megawatt (MW).

In July 2012 the government introduced a feed-in tariff that will force the ten regional electricity monopolies to buy renewable energy at above-market rates. At the end of March, the environment ministry had said it would abolish guidelines that restrict geothermal development in some national parks. Companies including Idemitsu, a refiner, have quickly announced plans to build a geothermal plant in the mountains of Fukushima prefecture, which is famous for its hot springs. But they expect it will take ten years before they start generating electricity. The long time lag reflects some of the difficulties of developing new business in Japan.

Toshiba, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and Fuji Electric control more than half of the global market for geothermal turbines, yet Japan itself gets a mere 0.3% of its energy, or 537 megawatts, from its own steam. The industry's promoters say that Japan sits on about 20,000 MW of geothermal energy, or the equivalent of 20 nuclear reactors, though not all of this could be developed. Since the disaster at Fukushima last year, all but one of the nation's 54 nuclear reactors temporarily suspended now, reducing Japan's power-generating capacity by about a third. That has accelerated the search for alternatives, geothermal springs nearby. Besides generating electricity, it could use the hot water from the springs to heat houses, as Iceland does.

Aruvians Rsearch analyzes the Geothermal Power in Japan in its latest research offering Analyzing Geothermal Power in Japan.

The report is a comprehensive coverage of the geothermal industry in the region as well as in Japan.

The report begins with an introduction to geothermal power. We analyze the utilization of geothermal energy, the grading of geothermal resources, technologies used in geothermal power generation, emerging technologies, amongst others.

We analyze the global geothermal power market before the analysis of the geothermal market in Japan and in Asia Pacific. We first analyze the global geothermal power industry through power generated from geothermal resources worldwide and global geothermal power installed capacity. We further look at the factors impacting the global geothermal power industry such as growth drivers and challenges facing the global geothermal industry.

Geothermal power in Asia Pacific is analyzed through power generated from geothermal resources, installed capacity of geothermal power, regional segmentation of the industry and the major industry deals that have taken place in recent years.

For the geothermal industry in Japan, we analyze the power generated from geothermal resources, geothermal power installed capacity, industry segmentation by renewable energy technologies, regulatory frameworks governing the market in Japan, and major industry projects, both existing and upcoming.

Major global industry players are analyzed through a corporate profile, an analysis of their major business segments, the presence of these companies in the geothermal market, and a SWOT analysis.

Aruvians Rsearch's report Analyzing Geothermal Power in Japan is a complete guide to this rapidly growing industry.

Table of Contents

A. Executive Summary

B. Introduction to Geothermal Power

  • B.1. The Recognition of Geothermal Energy - Historical Perspective
  • B.2. Utilization of Geothermal Energy - Current Day
  • B.3. Source of Geothermal Energy Generation
  • B.4. Energy from the Earth's Core - Geothermal Systems
  • B.5. Identifying Geothermal Activity Reservoirs
  • B.6. Grading Geothermal Resources
  • B.7. Exploring Geothermal Resources Commercially
  • B.8. Geothermal Resource Exploration Process
  • B.9. Geothermal Exploration Programs - Risk vs. Cost
  • B.10. Technologies Used in Geothermal Power Generation
    • B.10.1. Binary Cycle Plant Technology
    • B.10.2. Conventional Steam Turbine Technology
  • B.11. Emerging Technologies
    • B.11.1. Enhanced Geothermal System
    • B.11.2. Mixed Working Fluid Technology
  • B.12. Geothermal Drilling Technology and Costs

C. Global Geothermal Power Industry

  • C.1. Introduction
  • C.2. Power Generation from Geothermal Resources
  • C.3. Global Geothermal Power Installed Capacity

D. Geothermal Power Industry in Asia Pacific

  • D.1. Industry Overview
  • D.2. Power Generation from Geothermal Resources in Asia Pacific
  • D.3. Geothermal Power Installed Capacity in Asia Pacific
  • D.4. Regional Segmentation of the Industry
  • D.5. Major Industry Deals

E. Geothermal Power Industry in Japan

  • E.1. Industry Overview
  • E.2. Power Generation from Geothermal Resources in Japan
  • E.3. Geothermal Power Installed Capacity in Japan
  • E.4. Industry Segmentation
  • E.5. Industry Regulations
  • E.6. Major Industry Projects

F. Major Industry Players

  • F.1. Fuji Electric Co Ltd
    • F.1.1. Corporate Profile
    • F.1.2. Business Segment Analysis
    • F.1.3. Industry Presence
    • F.1.4. SWOT Analysis
  • F.2. Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
    • F.2.1. Corporate Profile
    • F.2.2. Business Segment Analysis
    • F.2.3. Industry Presence
    • F.2.4. SWOT Analysis
  • F.3. Toshiba Corporation
    • F.3.1. Corporate Profile
    • F.3.2. Business Segment Analysis
    • F.3.3. Industry Presence
    • F.3.4. SWOT Analysis
  • F.4. Kyushu Electric Power Company, Inc.
    • F.4.1. Corporate Profile
    • F.4.2. Business Segment Analysis
    • F.4.3. SWOT Analysis
  • F.5. Tohoku Electric Power Co., Inc.
    • F.5.1. Corporate Profile
    • F.5.2. Business Segment Analysis
    • F.5.3. SWOT Analysis
  • F.6. Tokyo Electric Power Company, Inc
    • F.6.1. Corporate Profile
    • F.6.2. Business Segment Analysis
    • F.6.3. SWOT Analysis

G. Appendix

  • G.1. Global Geothermal Associations
  • G.2. Figures & Tables

H. Research Methodology

I. Glossary of Terms

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: The Earth's Crust, Mantle, & Core. Top Right: A Section through the Crust & the Uppermost Mantle
  • Figure 2: Schematic Cross-Section Showing Plate Tectonic Processes
  • Figure 3: World Pattern of Plates, Oceanic Ridges, Oceanic Trenches, Subduction Zones, & Geothermal Fields
  • Figure 4: Representation of an Ideal Geothermal System
  • Figure 5: Model of a Geothermal System
  • Figure 6: Formation of a Geothermal Reservoir
  • Figure 7: Diagram Showing the Different Categories of Geothermal Resources
  • Figure 8: Workings of a Binary Cycle Geothermal Plant
  • Figure 9: Workings of a Flash/Binary Cycle Geothermal Plant
  • Figure 10: Workings of a Dry Steam Geothermal Power Plant
  • Figure 11: Workings of a Flash Steam Geothermal Power Plant
  • Figure 12: Workings of a Double Flash Steam Geothermal Power Plant
  • Figure 13: Completed Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Well Costs as a Function of Depth
  • Figure 14: Ring of Fire
  • Figure 15: Geothermal Electricity Production by Countries, and Installed Capacities (MW), 2011
  • Figure 16: Global Power Generated from Geothermal Resources (GWh), 2002-2022
  • Figure 17: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power Worldwide (MW), 2002-2022
  • Figure 18: Power Generated from Geothermal Resources in Asia Pacific (GWh), 2002-2022
  • Figure 19: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power in Asia Pacific (MW), 2002-2022
  • Figure 20: Share of Geothermal Power Market in Asia Pacific by Country (%), 2011
  • Figure 21: Number of Geothermal Project Deals in Recent Times in Asia Pacific
  • Figure 22: Types of Geothermal Deals in the Industry in Recent Times
  • Figure 23: Geothermal Fields in Japan
  • Figure 24: Power Generated from Geothermal Resources in Japan (GWh), 2002-2022
  • Figure 25: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power in Japan (MW), 2002-2022
  • Figure 26: Renewable Power Generation in Japan by Technologies (%), 2011
  • Figure 27: Conceptual Two-Well Enhanced Geothermal System in Hot Rock in a Low-Permeability Crystalline Basement Formation
  • Figure 28: Estimated Total Geothermal Resource Base and Recoverable Resource Given in EJ or 1018 Joules
  • Figure 29: An Atmospheric Exhaust Geothermal Power-Plant
  • Figure 30: A Condensing Geothermal Power-Plant
  • Figure 31: A Geothermal Binary Power Plant
  • Figure 32: Flow Diagram of the Geothermal District Heating System of Reykjavik
  • Figure 33: Application of Ground-Coupled Heat Pump System
  • Figure 34: A Heat Pump in Heating Mode
  • Figure 35: Binary Cycle Plant
  • Figure 36: Dry Steam Plant
  • Figure 37: Flashed Steam Plant
  • Figure 38: Cascade Uses of Geothermal Energy

List of Tables

  • Table 1: Classification of Geothermal Resources (°C)
  • Table 2: Different Types of Technologies Used by Geothermal Plants
  • Table 3: Global Power Generated from Geothermal Resources (GWh), 2002-2022
  • Table 4: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power Worldwide (MW), 2002-2022
  • Table 5: Power Generated from Geothermal Resources in Asia Pacific (GWh), 2002-2022
  • Table 6: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power in Asia Pacific (MW), 2002-2022
  • Table 7: Share of Geothermal Power Market in Asia Pacific by Country (%), 2011
  • Table 8: Number of Geothermal Project Deals in Recent Times in Asia Pacific
  • Table 9: Types of Geothermal Deals in the Industry in Recent Times
  • Table 10: Major Geothermal Deals in Asia Pacific in Recent Times
  • Table 11: Power Generated from Geothermal Resources in Japan (GWh), 2002-2022
  • Table 12: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power in Japan (MW), 2002-2022
  • Table 13: Renewable Power Generation in Japan by Technologies (%), 2011
  • Table 14: Geothermal Projects in Japan
  • Table 15: Upcoming/Under Development Geothermal Projects in Japan
  • Table 16: Summary of Nonhydrothermal US Geothermal Resource-Base Estimates
  • Table 17: Energy & Investment Costs for Electric Energy Production from Renewables
  • Table 18: Energy & Investment Costs for Direct Heat from Renewables
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