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米国の地熱発電市場分析

Analyzing Geothermal Power in the US

発行 Aruvian's R'search 商品コード 246455
出版日 ページ情報 英文 193 pages
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米国の地熱発電市場分析 Analyzing Geothermal Power in the US
出版日: 2013年03月15日 ページ情報: 英文 193 pages
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概要

米国は世界最大の地熱発電大国であり、地熱発電市場は今後10年で13%近く成長する見込みです。 国内では主要6州で行われており、中でもカリフォルニア州が業界をリードしています。 カリフォルニア州では52以上の発電所が稼動し、総計2,000MWの発電量を誇り、世界でも太刀打ちできる国はないほどです。 また、EGS や GTP といった政府主導のプログラムにより、技術革新や長期的な成長を実現する取り組みがなされています。

当レポートは、米国における地熱発電について分析し、 世界の地熱発電産業の概要とともに、米国の市場概要と動向、エネルギー政策、 主要企業のプロファイルやSWOT分析などを交え、概略以下の構成でお届けします。

目次

A. エグゼクティブサマリー

B. イントロダクション −地熱

  • B.1. 認識 - 歴史的観点
  • B.2. 活用 - 現在
  • B.3. 源泉
  • B.4. 地核のエネルギー - 地熱システム
  • B.5. 地熱貯留層の特定
  • B.6. 地熱資源の格付け
  • B.7. 地熱資源の商業探査
  • B.8. 地熱資源探査プロセス
  • B.9. 地熱探査プログラム - リスクとコスト
  • B.10. 地熱発電技術
  • B.11. 先端技術
  • B.12. 地熱掘削技術およびコスト

C. 世界の地熱発電産業

  • C.1. イントロダクション
  • C.2. 地熱発電
  • C.3. 世界の地熱発電 設備容量

D. 地熱発電産業−北米・南米

  • D.1. 産業概要
  • D.2. 地熱発電
  • D.3. 地熱発電 設備容量
  • D.4. 産業の地域別セグメンテーション
  • D.5. 主要な取引

E. 地熱発電産業−米国

  • E.1. 産業概要
  • E.2. 地熱発電
  • E.3. 地熱発電 設備容量
  • E.4. 産業セグメンテーション
  • E.5. 産業規制
  • E.6. 主要な産業プロジェクト

F. 主要企業

  • F.1. Calpine Corporation
    • F.1.1. 企業プロファイル
    • F.1.2. 事業区分 分析
    • F.1.3. 業界内での存在感
    • F.1.4. SWOT 分析
  • F.2. Comision Federal de Electricidad
    • F.2.1. 企業プロファイル
    • F.2.2. 事業区分 分析
    • F.2.3. 業界内での存在感
    • F.2.4. SWOT 分析
  • F.3. Ormat Technologies, Inc.
    • F.3.1. 企業プロファイル
    • F.3.2. 事業区分 分析
    • F.3.3. 業界内での存在感
    • F.3.4. SWOT 分析
  • F.4. 富士電機
    • F.4.1. 企業プロファイル
    • F.4.2. 事業区分 分析
    • F.4.3. 業界内での存在感
    • F.4.4. SWOT 分析
  • F.5. 三菱重工業
    • F.5.1. 企業プロファイル
    • F.5.2. 事業区分 分析
    • F.5.3. 業界内での存在感
    • F.5.4. SWOT 分析
  • F.6. 東芝
    • F.6.1. 企業プロファイル
    • F.6.2. 事業区分 分析
    • F.6.3. 業界内での存在感
    • F.6.4. SWOT 分析
  • F.7. Nevada Geothermal Power Inc
    • F.7.1. 企業プロファイル
    • F.7.2. 事業区分 分析
    • F.7.3. SWOT 分析
  • F.8. Western Geopower Corporation
    • F.8.1. 企業プロファイル
    • F.8.2. 事業区分 分析
    • F.8.3. SWOT 分析
  • F.9. U.S. Geothermal Inc.
    • F.9.1. 企業プロファイル
    • F.9.2. 事業区分 分析
    • F.9.3. SWOT 分析

G. 付録

  • G.1. 世界の地熱業界団体
  • G.2. 図表

H. 調査方法

I. 用語集

図表一覧


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目次

United States is the biggest producer of geothermal energy in the world. The geothermal market in United States is expected to rise at the rate of nearly 13% in the coming ten years. In the US, geothermal electric power generation takes place in six major states: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Idaho, Nevada and Utah. Other states with major projects in the development phase include Colorado, Oregon and New Mexico.

California is the main state in the US for geothermal power generation. California's geothermal capacity exceeds that of every other country in the world. It generates a significant percentage of its annual demand from geothermal sources. It currently has more than 52 live geothermal power plants with a total capacity of around 2,000 MW. Improving technologies such as low temperature plants are driving down costs and could lead to much shorter development timelines, while Enhanced Geothermal System developments could pave the way for the industry's longer term growth. The accelerated growth of renewable energy projects is a response to the powerful combination of high energy prices and growing state government support.

The United States Department of Energy Geothermal Technologies Program (GTP) is a program to develop innovative geothermal energy technologies to find, access and use the nation's geothermal resources. GTP performs activities built on the technical research base that has been developed over the last two decades.

This technical base will provide the information and understanding necessary to create new and more efficient and reliable technologies, and to enable the US's geothermal industry to compete for base load electricity generation. Geothermal projects differ greatly with regards to location, local market conditions, geological settings, water flows, political environment, and other elements specific to each developer. It is therefore difficult to describe in detail what a typical capital structure might look like and the financing options available at each stage of development.

Aruvians Rsearch analyzes the Geothermal Power in the US in its latest research offering Analyzing Geothermal Power in the US.

The report is a comprehensive coverage of the geothermal industry in the region as well as in the US.

The report begins with an introduction to geothermal power. We analyze the utilization of geothermal energy, the grading of geothermal resources, technologies used in geothermal power generation, emerging technologies, amongst others.

We analyze the global geothermal power market before the analysis of the geothermal market in the US and in North & South America. We first analyze the global geothermal power industry through power generated from geothermal resources worldwide and global geothermal power installed capacity. We further look at the factors impacting the global geothermal power industry such as growth drivers and challenges facing the global geothermal industry.

Geothermal power in North & South America is analyzed through power generated from geothermal resources, installed capacity of geothermal power, regional segmentation of the industry and the major industry deals that have taken place in recent years.

For the geothermal industry in the US, we analyze the power generated from geothermal resources, geothermal power installed capacity, industry segmentation by renewable energy technologies, regulatory frameworks governing the market in the US, and major industry projects, both existing and upcoming.

Major global industry players are analyzed through a corporate profile, an analysis of their major business segments, the presence of these companies in the geothermal market, and a SWOT analysis.

Aruvians Rsearch's report Analyzing Geothermal Power in the US is a complete guide to this rapidly growing industry.

Table of Contents

A. Executive Summary

B. Introduction to Geothermal Power

  • B.1. The Recognition of Geothermal Energy - Historical Perspective
  • B.2. Utilization of Geothermal Energy - Current Day
  • B.3. Source of Geothermal Energy Generation
  • B.4. Energy from the Earth's Core - Geothermal Systems
  • B.5. Identifying Geothermal Activity Reservoirs
  • B.6. Grading Geothermal Resources
  • B.7. Exploring Geothermal Resources Commercially
  • B.8. Geothermal Resource Exploration Process
  • B.9. Geothermal Exploration Programs - Risk vs. Cost
  • B.10. Technologies Used in Geothermal Power Generation
    • B.10.1. Binary Cycle Plant Technology
    • B.10.2. Conventional Steam Turbine Technology
  • B.11. Emerging Technologies
    • B.11.1. Enhanced Geothermal System
    • B.11.2. Mixed Working Fluid Technology
  • B.12. Geothermal Drilling Technology and Costs

C. Global Geothermal Power Industry

  • C.1. Introduction
  • C.2. Power Generation from Geothermal Resources
  • C.3. Global Geothermal Power Installed Capacity

D. Geothermal Power Industry in North & South America

  • D.1. Industry Overview
  • D.2. Power Generation from Geothermal Resources in North & South America
  • D.3. Geothermal Power Installed Capacity in North & South America
  • D.4. Regional Segmentation of the Industry
  • D.5. Major Industry Deals

E. Geothermal Power Industry in the US

  • E.1. Industry Overview
  • E.2. Power Generation from Geothermal Resources in the US
  • E.3. Geothermal Power Installed Capacity in the US
  • E.4. Industry Segmentation
  • E.5. Industry Regulations
  • E.6. Major Industry Projects

F. Major Industry Players

  • F.1. Calpine Corporation
    • F.1.1. Corporate Profile
    • F.1.2. Business Segment Analysis
    • F.1.3. Industry Presence
    • F.1.4. SWOT Analysis
  • F.2. Comision Federal de Electricidad
    • F.2.1. Corporate Profile
    • F.2.2. Business Segment Analysis
    • F.2.3. Industry Presence
    • F.2.4. SWOT Analysis
  • F.3. Ormat Technologies, Inc.
    • F.3.1. Corporate Profile
    • F.3.2. Business Segment Analysis
    • F.3.3. Industry Presence
    • F.3.4. SWOT Analysis
  • F.4. Fuji Electric Co Ltd
    • F.4.1. Corporate Profile
    • F.4.2. Business Segment Analysis
    • F.4.3. Industry Presence
    • F.4.4. SWOT Analysis
  • F.5. Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
    • F.5.1. Corporate Profile
    • F.5.2. Business Segment Analysis
    • F.5.3. Industry Presence
    • F.5.4. SWOT Analysis
  • F.6. Toshiba Corporation
    • F.6.1. Corporate Profile
    • F.6.2. Business Segment Analysis
    • F.6.3. Industry Presence
    • F.6.4. SWOT Analysis
  • F.7. Nevada Geothermal Power Inc
    • F.7.1. Corporate Profile
    • F.7.2. Business Segment Analysis
    • F.7.3. SWOT Analysis
  • F.8. Western Geopower Corporation
    • F.8.1. Corporate Profile
    • F.8.2. Business Segment Analysis
    • F.8.3. SWOT Analysis
  • F.9. U.S. Geothermal Inc.
    • F.9.1. Corporate Profile
    • F.9.2. Business Segment Analysis
    • F.9.3. SWOT Analysis

G. Appendix

  • G.1. Global Geothermal Associations
  • G.2. Figures & Tables

H. Research Methodology

I. Glossary of Terms

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: The Earth's Crust, Mantle, & Core. Top Right: A Section through the Crust & the Uppermost Mantle
  • Figure 2: Schematic Cross-Section Showing Plate Tectonic Processes
  • Figure 3: World Pattern of Plates, Oceanic Ridges, Oceanic Trenches, Subduction Zones, & Geothermal Fields
  • Figure 4: Representation of an Ideal Geothermal System
  • Figure 5: Model of a Geothermal System
  • Figure 6: Formation of a Geothermal Reservoir
  • Figure 7: Diagram Showing the Different Categories of Geothermal Resources
  • Figure 8: Workings of a Binary Cycle Geothermal Plant
  • Figure 9: Workings of a Flash/Binary Cycle Geothermal Plant
  • Figure 10: Workings of a Dry Steam Geothermal Power Plant
  • Figure 11: Workings of a Flash Steam Geothermal Power Plant
  • Figure 12: Workings of a Double Flash Steam Geothermal Power Plant
  • Figure 13: Completed Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Well Costs as a Function of Depth
  • Figure 14: Ring of Fire
  • Figure 15: Geothermal Electricity Production by Countries, and Installed Capacities (MW), 2011
  • Figure 16: Global Power Generated from Geothermal Resources (GWh), 2002-2022
  • Figure 17: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power Worldwide (MW), 2002-2022
  • Figure 18: Power Generated from Geothermal Resources in North & South America (GWh), 2002-2022
  • Figure 19: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power in North & South America (MW), 2002-2022
  • Figure 20: Share of Geothermal Power Market in North & South America by Country (%), 2011
  • Figure 21: Number of Geothermal Project Deals in Recent Times in North & South America
  • Figure 22: Types of Geothermal Deals in the Industry in Recent Times
  • Figure 23: Geothermal Deals by Region in Recent Times
  • Figure 24: States Producing Geothermal Energy in the US, 2011
  • Figure 25: Power Generated from Geothermal Resources in the US (GWh), 2002-2022
  • Figure 26: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power in the US (MW), 2002-2022
  • Figure 27: Renewable Power Generation in the US by Share of Technologies (%), 2011
  • Figure 28: Conceptual Two-Well Enhanced Geothermal System in Hot Rock in a Low-Permeability Crystalline Basement Formation
  • Figure 29: Estimated Total Geothermal Resource Base and Recoverable Resource Given in EJ or 1018 Joules
  • Figure 30: An Atmospheric Exhaust Geothermal Power-Plant
  • Figure 31: A Condensing Geothermal Power-Plant
  • Figure 32: A Geothermal Binary Power Plant
  • Figure 33: Flow Diagram of the Geothermal District Heating System of Reykjavik
  • Figure 34: Application of Ground-Coupled Heat Pump System
  • Figure 35: A Heat Pump in Heating Mode
  • Figure 36: Binary Cycle Plant
  • Figure 37: Dry Steam Plant
  • Figure 38: Flashed Steam Plant
  • Figure 39: Cascade Uses of Geothermal Energy

List of Tables

  • Table 1: Classification of Geothermal Resources (°C)
  • Table 2: Different Types of Technologies Used by Geothermal Plants
  • Table 3: Global Power Generated from Geothermal Resources (GWh), 2002-2022
  • Table 4: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power Worldwide (MW), 2002-2022
  • Table 5: Power Generated from Geothermal Resources in North & South America (GWh), 2002-2022
  • Table 6: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power in North & South America (MW), 2002-2022
  • Table 7: Share of Geothermal Power Market in North & South America by Country (%), 2011
  • Table 8: Number of Geothermal Project Deals in Recent Times in North & South America
  • Table 9: Types of Geothermal Deals in the Industry in Recent Times
  • Table 10: Geothermal Deals by Region in Recent Times
  • Table 11: Major Geothermal Deals in North America in Recent Times
  • Table 12: Major Geothermal Deals in South America in Recent Times
  • Table 13: Power Generated from Geothermal Resources in the US (GWh), 2002-2022
  • Table 14: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power in the US (MW), 2002-2022
  • Table 15: Renewable Power Generation in the US by Share of Technologies (%), 2011
  • Table 16: State/Federal Renewable Standards
  • Table 17: Major Geothermal Projects in the US
  • Table 18: Major Geothermal Projects Under Development in the US (2010-2015)
  • Table 19: Summary of Nonhydrothermal US Geothermal Resource-Base Estimates
  • Table 20: Energy & Investment Costs for Electric Energy Production from Renewables
  • Table 21: Energy & Investment Costs for Direct Heat from Renewables
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