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世界の集光型太陽熱発電市場の分析

Analyzing the Global Market for Concentrated Solar Power 2016

発行 Aruvian's R'search 商品コード 235202
出版日 ページ情報 英文 200 Pages
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世界の集光型太陽熱発電市場の分析 Analyzing the Global Market for Concentrated Solar Power 2016
出版日: 2016年03月01日 ページ情報: 英文 200 Pages
概要

集光型太陽熱発電は、世界で最も規模の大きく、最も効率の高い発電方式の一つとして台頭しつつあります。その潜在力を完全に活用できれば、2050年までに全世界のエネルギー需要の25%を満たすことができると予測されています。現在の総設備容量は679メガワットで、また2000メガワット分が現在開発中となっています。ソーラーフィールドの設計次第では大幅なコスト削減が可能であり、化石燃料の他のクリーンな代替燃料と十分競合し得る技術として注目されています。

当レポートでは、全世界の集光型太陽熱発電(CSP)市場について分析し、全体的な市場構造や、主な技術方式、最新の産業動向、今後の市場機会と課題、各国市場の規制構造や市場動向、環境への影響、主な関連企業のプロファイルといった情報を盛り込んでお届けします。

エグゼクティブ・サマリー

太陽光発電と気候変動

  • 太陽光発電とは何か?
  • 太陽光発電の利点と欠点
  • すぐに利用できる太陽光発電
  • エネルギー消費量の増大と二酸化炭素排出の問題

集光型太陽熱発電(CSP)の概略

  • 集光型太陽熱発電の沿革
  • 太陽熱の電力転換の理論
  • 太陽熱の電力への転換
  • 集光型太陽熱発電の要求水準
    • システムの維持
    • 経済性の維持

集光型太陽熱発電関連技術の分析

  • 技術の概要
  • 中央受熱器/ソーラータワーの分析
  • パラボラトラフ(樋型)の分析
  • パラボラディッシュ(皿型)の分析
  • 線形フレネル型反射鏡の分析

世界の集光型太陽熱発電市場

  • 産業の概要
  • 産業規模
  • 集光型太陽熱からの発電
  • 集光型太陽熱発電の設備容量
  • 産業投資

産業の傾向と課題

  • 傾向の概要
  • 電力網との接続の課題
  • 規制面での支援とRPS(再生可能エネルギー利用割合基準)制度
  • 財政的なインセンティブ
  • プロジェクトの中止
  • 関連コスト

オーストラリアの集光型太陽熱発電

  • 産業概要
  • 集光型太陽熱発電からの発電量
  • 規制体制

中国の集光型太陽熱発電

  • 産業概要
  • 集光型太陽熱発電からの発電量
  • 規制体制

インドの集光型太陽熱発電

  • 産業概要
  • 集光型太陽熱発電からの発電量
  • 規制体制

南アフリカの集光型太陽熱発電

  • 産業概要
  • 集光型太陽熱発電からの発電量
  • 規制体制

スペインの集光型太陽熱発電

  • 産業概要
  • 集光型太陽熱発電からの発電量
  • 規制体制

米国の集光型太陽熱発電

  • 産業概要
  • 集光型太陽熱発電からの発電量
  • 規制体制
    • 連邦政府の規制
    • カリフォルニア州の規制体制
    • コロラド州の規制体制
    • アイオワ州の規制体制
    • ミネソタ州の規制体制
    • ネバダ州の規制体制
    • ニュージャージー州の規制体制
    • ニューヨーク州の規制体制
    • オレゴン州の規制体制
    • テキサス州の規制体制
    • ワシントン州の規制体制

他の国々の集光型太陽熱発電

  • 産業概要
  • 集光型太陽熱発電からの発電量

集光型太陽熱発電と環境への影響

産業内の競争と主要企業

  • 産業内の競争
  • Abengoa Solar SA
  • Acciona Energia SA
  • Amonix, Inc.
  • BrightSource Industries
  • Coolearth Solar
  • Enel SpA
  • Florida Power & Light Company
  • Sky Fuel Inc
  • Torresol Energy

付録

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目次

The concentrated solar power industry is bound to be one of the biggest and most efficient in the coming times ahead. If utilized to its full potential, it could end up providing for the world's 25% energy needs by 2050. Currently there is 679 MW of installed CSP capacity worldwide and more than 2000 MW under development.

The solar field makes for the largest share of the cost of any solar plant. Depending on the technology this cost could vary from around 43% for Tower and Fresnel technology, to almost 60% for Parabolic Trough and Dish Stirling CSP plants. The most significant cost reduction is likely to come about by innovation in solar field design, which could bring down the cost of energy (LOCOE) by 15 to 28% depending on the technology. Whilst much attention on the future of clean energy is focused on the competition from 'cheaper' fossil fuel alternatives, it should be noted that if a clean technology is actually the more profitable option, that becomes a massive driver for change. In a sense this is a positive feedback mechanism that comes into play as soon as a technology is competitive in even a few market segments.

Rather than simply subsidizing CSP, technology-neutral market-based measures should target the clean energy characteristics and strong correlation of generation to real time demand that CSP provides. Rewards linked to competitive market time of day pricing or equivalent firm capacity contributions should be considered. Towards this, energy sector agencies should build on this study and model future prices of both energy and ancillary services in the NEM, to calculate future CSP value under scenarios that include high penetration intermittent renewable resources.

The CSP industry must continue to focus on lowering cost through deployment and technology improvement, particularly efficiency. Those cost reductions must also be clearly demonstrated to stakeholders. Major cost reductions will be achieved through capturing the lessons of early deployment. The CSP Industry should work pro-actively to leverage the lessons gained from publically funded early deployment to ensure they flow to the widest possible base within the constraints of competitive markets.

Concentrating solar power's relatively low cost and ability to deliver power during periods of peak demand - when and where it's needed - means that it can be a major contributor to the world's future needs for distributed sources of energy.

Aruvian Research analyzes the Global Market for Concentrated Solar Power. This research report is a comprehensive analytical compilation which analyzes the global market for CSP along with an analysis of the key markets.

The report begins by taking a look at solar power and the impact of global climate change as well as the challenge of carbon emissions facing the world. We move on to introduce the concept of concentrated solar power (CSP). We also explain the various types of CSP technologies available today.

An analysis of the global market for CSP includes an industry analysis through statistics, a look at industry size, power generation from CSP worldwide as well as the installed capacity of CSP in key markets. Investments in the industry are also looked at, followed by an analysis of the major industry trends and challenges.

Moving on to the analysis of key markets, we analyze CSP in Australia, China, India, South Africa, Spain and the US. For each market, we look at industry statistics, power generation from CSP, installed capacity of CSP, as well as the regulatory framework affecting the CSP industry in that country.

Competition in the industry and an analysis of the major players wraps up this analytical offering on the global concentrated solar power industry.

Table of Contents

A. Executive Summary

B. Solar Power & Climate Change

  • B.1 What is Solar Power?
  • B.2 Pros & Cons of Solar Power
  • B.3 Readily Available Solar Power
  • B.4 Rising Energy Consumption & the Challenge of Carbon Emissions

C. Introduction to Concentrated Solar Power (CSP)

  • C.1 Historical Perspective of Concentrating Solar Power
  • C.2 Theories Behind Solar Thermal Power Conversion
  • C.3 Conversion of Solar Heat into Electricity
  • C.4 Requirement for Concentrating Solar Power
    • C.4.1 Sustaining the Ecosystem
    • C.4.2 Sustaining the Economics

D. Types of CSP Technologies

  • D.1 Technological Overview
  • D.2 Analysis of Central Receiver or Solar Tower
  • D.3 Analysis of Parabolic Troughs
  • D.4 Analysis of Parabolic Dish
  • D.5 Linear Fresnel Reflectors

E. Global Market for Concentrated Solar Power

  • E.1 Industry Overview
  • E.2 Industry Size
  • E.3 Power Generation from Concentrated Solar Power
  • E.4 CSP Installed Capacity - Key Markets
  • E.5 Industry Investments

F. Industry Trends & Challenges

  • F.1 Overview of Trends
  • F.2 Challenge of Grid Connectivity
  • F.3 Regulatory Support & Renewable Portfolio Standards
  • F.4 Financial Incentives
  • F.5 Project Cancellations
  • F.6 Associated Costs

G. Concentrated Solar Power in Australia

  • G.1 Industry Overview
  • G.2 Power Generation from CSP in Australia
  • G.3 Regulatory Framework

H. Concentrated Solar Power in China

  • H.1 Industry Overview
  • H.2 Power Generation from CSP in China
  • H.3 Regulatory Framework

I. Concentrated Solar Power in India

  • I.1 Industry Overview
  • I.2 Power Generation from CSP in India
  • I.3 Regulatory Framework

J. Concentrated Solar Power in South Africa

  • J.1 Industry Overview
  • J.2 Power Generation from CSP in South Africa
  • J.3 Regulatory Framework

K. Concentrated Solar Power in Spain

  • K.1 Industry Overview
  • K.2 Power Generation from CSP in Spain
  • K.3 Regulatory Framework

L. Concentrated Solar Power in the US

  • L.1 Industry Overview
  • L.2 Power Generation from CSP in the US
  • L.3 Regulatory Framework
    • L.3.1 Federal Regulations
    • L.3.2 Regulatory Framework in California
    • L.3.3 Regulatory Framework in Colorado
    • L.3.4 Regulatory Framework in Iowa
    • L.3.5 Regulatory Framework in Minnesota
    • L.3.6 Regulatory Framework in Nevada
    • L.3.7 Regulatory Framework in New Jersey
    • L.3.8 Regulatory Framework in New York
    • L.3.9 Regulatory Framework in Oregon
    • L.3.10 Regulatory Framework in Texas
    • L.3.11 Regulatory Framework in Washington

M. Concentrated Solar Power in Other Markets

  • M.1 Industry Overview
  • M.2 Power Generation from CSP in Other Markets

N. Concentrated Solar Power & Impact on the Environment

O. Competition in the Industry & Major Players

  • O.1 Competition in the Industry
  • O.2 Abengoa Solar SA
  • O.3 Acciona Energia SA
  • O.4 Amonix, Inc.
  • O.5 BrightSource Industries
  • O.6 Coolearth Solar
  • O.7 Enel SpA
  • O.8 Florida Power & Light Company
  • O.9 Sky Fuel Inc
  • O.10 Torresol Energy

P. Appendix

Q. Glossary of Terms

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: Global Carbon Emissions (in MMT)
  • Figure 2: Global Energy Consumption (in Mtoe), 2010-2030
  • Figure 3: Central Receiver or Solar Tower
  • Figure 4: Capital Cost Estimate of Solar Tower Systems (%), 2014
  • Figure 5: Parabolic Trough
  • Figure 6: Capital Cost Estimate of Parabolic Trough Systems (%), 2014
  • Figure 7: Parabolic Dish
  • Figure 8: Global Market for CSP (DNI) (kWh/m2 Per Day), 2014
  • Figure 9: Global CSP Market in Terms of Installed Capacity (in MW), 2001-2020
  • Figure 10: Global Market for CSP Industry Size (in USD Billion), 2006-2020
  • Figure 11: Global Power Generation from CSP (in GWh), 2001-2020
  • Figure 12: Installed Capacity of CSP by Country (%), 2014
  • Figure 13: Global Investments in the CSP Market, (in USD Million), 2010-2014
  • Figure 14: Investments in the Global CSP Market by Country (%), 2014
  • Figure 15: Type of Investments in the Global CSP Market (%), 2014
  • Figure 16: Market for CSP in Australia (DNI) (kWh/m2) Per Day
  • Figure 17: Installed Capacity of CSP in Australia (in MW), 2008-2020
  • Figure 18: Power Generated from CSP in Australia (in GWh), 2008-2020
  • Figure 19: DNI Range in China (in kWh/m2 Per Day)
  • Figure 20: Installed Capacity of CSP in China (in MW), 2012-2020
  • Figure 21: Power Generated from CSP in China (in GWh), 2012-2020
  • Figure 22: DNI Range in India (kWh/m2 Per Day)
  • Figure 23: Installed Capacity of CSP in India (in MW), 2011-2020
  • Figure 24: Power Generated from CSP in India (in GWh), 2011-2020
  • Figure 25: DNI Range in South Africa (kWh/m2 Per Day)
  • Figure 26: Installed Capacity of CSP in South Africa (in MW), 2012-2020
  • Figure 27: Power Generated from CSP in South Africa (in GWh), 2012-2020
  • Figure 28: Market for CSP in Spain (DNI) (kWh/m2) Per Year
  • Figure 29: Installed Capacity of CSP in Spain (in MW), 2007-2020
  • Figure 30: Power Generated from CSP in Spain (in GWh), 2007-2020
  • Figure 31: CSP Market in the US (DNI) (kWh/m2 per Day)
  • Figure 32: Installed Capacity of CSP in the US (in MW), 2001-2020
  • Figure 33: Power Generated from CSP in the US (in GWh), 2001-2020
  • Figure 34: Installed Capacity of CSP in Other Markets (in MW), 2010-2020
  • Figure 35: Power Generated from CSP in Other Markets (in GWh), 2010-2020
  • Figure 36: Market Share of Major Players in the Global CSP Market (%), 2014
  • Figure 37: Parabolic Trough Power Plant with Hot & Cold Tank Thermal Storage System & Oil Steam Generator
  • Figure 38: Schematic Arrangement of a PV Cell
  • Figure 39: Solar Parabolic Trough System Combined with Fossil Fuel Firing to Generate Electrical Power
  • Figure 40: A Central Receiver Solar Thermal System
  • Figure 41: Solar Pond
  • Figure 42: Integrated Solar/Combined Cycle System (ISCC)
  • Figure 43: Flow Diagram of Solar Field, Storage System & Steam Cycle at the AndaSol-1 Project, Southern Spain
  • Figure 44: Manufacturing Share of PV by Country in 2014
  • Figure 45: Solar RFC Power System
  • Figure 46: Space Application of RFC Power System

List of Tables

  • Table 1: Global Carbon Emissions (in MMT)
  • Table 2: Global Energy Consumption (in Mtoe), 2010-2030
  • Table 3: Early Solar Thermal Power Plants
  • Table 4: Cost Reductions in Parabolic Trough Solar Thermal Power Plants
  • Table 5: Pros & Cons of Each Technology
  • Table 6: Global CSP Market in Terms of Installed Capacity (in MW), 2001-2020
  • Table 7: Global Market for CSP Industry Size (in USD Billion), 2006-2020
  • Table 8: Global Power Generation from CSP (in GWh), 2001-2020
  • Table 9: Global Investments in the CSP Market, (in USD Million), 2010-2014
  • Table 10: Installed Capacity of CSP in Australia (in MW), 2008-2020
  • Table 11: Power Generated from CSP in Australia (in GWh), 2008-2020
  • Table 12: Solar Homes and Communities Plan in Australia
  • Table 13: Solar Feed-in Programs by States in Australia
  • Table 14: Installed Capacity of CSP in China (in MW), 2012-2020
  • Table 15: Power Generated from CSP in China (in GWh), 2012-2020
  • Table 16: Installed Capacity of CSP in India (in MW), 2011-2020
  • Table 17: Power Generated from CSP in India (in GWh), 2011-2020
  • Table 18: Off Grid Renewable Energy Programs in India
  • Table 19: Grid Interactive Renewable Energy Programs in India
  • Table 20: Interest Rates for Soft Loans on Solar Water Heating Systems
  • Table 21: Installed Capacity of CSP in South Africa (in MW), 2012-2020
  • Table 22: Power Generated from CSP in South Africa (in GWh), 2012-2020
  • Table 23: Tariffs in Renewable Energy Industry in South Africa
  • Table 24: Installed Capacity of CSP in Spain (in MW), 2007-2020
  • Table 25: Power Generated from CSP in Spain (in GWh), 2007-2020
  • Table 26: New Feed-in-Tariff Rates in Spain (EUR/kWh)
  • Table 27: Tax Rebate in the Spanish Solar Power Market
  • Table 28: Major Policy Measures for Solar Power in Spain
  • Table 29: Installed Capacity of CSP in the US (in MW), 2001-2020
  • Table 30: Power Generated from CSP in the US (in GWh), 2001-2020
  • Table 31: Go Solar California Campaign
  • Table 32: California Solar Initiative
  • Table 33: Ten Step Decrease in Payment Level in California
  • Table 34: Installation Costs of a Solar System in California Post Government Rebates
  • Table 35: CORE Solar Pioneer Rebate Program in Colorado
  • Table 36: Solar Alternative Compliance Payment Amount in New Jersey
  • Table 37: Installed Capacity of CSP in Other Markets (in MW), 2010-2020
  • Table 38: Power Generated from CSP in Other Markets (in GWh), 2010-2020
  • Table 39: Key Characteristics of Major Players, 2014
  • Table 40: Early Solar Thermal Power Plants
  • Table 41: Cost Reductions in Parabolic Trough Solar Thermal Power Plants
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